Патент USA US2138041код для вставки
NOV. 29, 1938. AGH~ PRESTON 2,138,041 GARME‘NT Fiied Aug. 14, 195e . 2 sheets-sheet 1 (ih/www Nov. 29, 1938. G. H. PRESTON GARMENT Filed Aug. 14?, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 m Patented Nov. 29, 1938 2,138,041 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,138,041 GARMENT Gerald Harlan Preston, North Linthicum, Md., assignor of twenty-four per cent to Harry Waidner Allers and John Andrews Cochran, as joint owners, and twenty-five per cent to A. Nelson Anderson, all of Baltimore, Md. Application Augustl‘i, 1936, Serial No. 96,078 12` Claims. The present invention relates to garments vand has more particular application to coats of the reversible type which may beworn with either face out. It has been proposed in the past and at the CY present time coats are made which are reversible. Fig. 4 is Aan enlarged sectional view of one of the lapels Wit’h one lapel portion folded inwardly out of sight; Fig. A5 isla sectional perspective view through one of the lapels showing the manner of fasten ing the edges together; In such coats it is customary to employ one type Fig. 6 is an enlarged perspective view of one or >color of fabric for one face and a contrasting of vthe lapels with the plies separated; Fig. 7 is a perspective View with parts broken away illustrating a 'modified form of the inven 10 type or color or fabric for the other face, such as, 10 for instance, a tweed or dress coat material for one face and a gabardine or other waterproof or sport material on the opposite face. The de mand for such coats while potentially large is not as great as might be expected due to the 15 Vfact that in such coats, the material forming each side Vor face extends to the lapel portions so that when the coat is worn and the lapels are turned down in regular fashion the outer face of the lapels are in contrast with respect to the 20 body of the coat. This is not objectionable when the coat is worn as a sport or raincoat with the gabardine side or face out, but it is aserious ob~ jection when the coat is worn with'the tweed side out as a dress coat, since it detracts from the 25 appearance of the coat when so worn to have the lapels faced with a contrasting material, such as a gabardine or other waterproof material. The primary object of the present invention so (Cl. 2-93) is to provide a coat with an improved lapel con struction which will overcome these objectionable features of the conventional reversible coat. Another object of the invention is to provide a reversible coat in which the lapel portions formed with or carried by the respective face ma 35; terials are made as separate plies, one at least of which is self faced. A further object is to provide a reversible coat in which the lapel portions are formed as separate plies, detachably secured together so that one 40l. ply may be folded inwardly out of sight or worn over the other as choice may dictate, >thereby. providing means whereby the coat may be worn „ as a self-trimmed coat or as a contrastingly trimmed coat, to suit the choice of the wearer. Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent during the course of the following description of the invention, and upon reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings: Fig. l is a front elevation of a coat embodying a preferred form of the invention; Fig. 2 is a sectional view on the line 2-2 of Fig. l, but on an enlarged scale; . Fig. -3 is a sectional >view on the line 3-3 of 55 Fig. 2; tion; Fig. 8 is a’ sectional View through one of the lapel portions 'of 4the modified form showing the manner of folding one lapel out of sight; Fig. 9 is a sectional View of the modified form 15 showing ‘the manner of attaching the lapel por tions to the collar; Fig. 10 isa perspective view of a >further modi ñed formfof the invention; ‘ Fig. 11 is a sectional View lthrough the lapel 20 of this latter form showing the manner of con cealing `one of the plies; Fig. 12 is an edge view illustrating a different type of fastening for' securing the edges of the lapels together; ' 25 Fig. 13 is a sectional View taken `on the line l.3--I3 of Fig. 12; ‘and Fig. 14is `a perspective View of a further modi ñed construction. In the description, .for purposes of convenience, 30 the coat will 4be described as being made with tweed for -one face and gabardine for the other face, although 4it Vwill be -understood. that this is merely by way Voi illustration, and that any other suitable fabrics ‘could be substituted for these 35 whenever desired. In the form of `the invention illustrated in Figs. Al to 6., the reversible coat |63 comprises a fabric l I on one side vor face, which may be tweed or any other material from which such garments 40 are. ordinarily made, and a 'fabric l2 on the other side which may be‘f'gabardine or any other con trasting material, and may be and preferably is a. waterproof fabric so >that when the side I2 is- ‘turned outwardly, the coat'will serve as a rain 45 coat. . . > VT’he main body portion of the coat, the sleeves and collar‘proper may be of conventional con struction. As the lapelsçon each side of the coat in each instance are the fsame, only one will be described. The tweed face' -‘I| is preferably extended andl cut tothe desiredshape to form a lapel portion I3¢hav~ing the »edge Vthereof turned under as at I4, yand `enclosing a cord or filling strip kI 5 in the 55 2 2,138,041 fold, the latter being held by a line of stitching I6 extending through the ply I3 and infolded edge I4. The lapel portion I3 is faced with a lapel are secured together by the snap fasteners, the cords I5 and I9 in these edges causing them to ñt closely together giving a ñnished appear piece I1 of the same material which also has its ance. edge turned in as at I8, and is likewise provided with an edge filling cord I9 secured by stitching 20. The infolded edges I4 and I8 are placed together and the plies I3 and I1 are secured together by a line of stitching 2|, said stitching 10 passing through the plies I3 and I1 and the in » turned edges thereof, and being spaced inwardly a short distance from the edges of the lapel portion thus formed so that the edges may be spread apart slightly for a purpose to be presently 15 described. i ' The tweed face and lapel portion are joined to the collar 22 along the line 23. The gabardine face I2 ofthe coat is also eX tended and shaped to provide a lapel portion 24, 20 the edge portion thereof being turned under as at 25. In order to reinforce the edge of the gab ardine lapel portion, a tape 26 is secured along the inner face of the edge by rows of stitching 21 and 28. A second tape 29 having a free inwardly ex 25 tending edge is also secured to the inner face of this lapel portion, its secured edge preferably being disposed between the tape 26 and the in folded edge 25, all three being secured by the row of stitching 28. The gabardine face is joined to the collar along 30 the line 24', but the lapel portion 20 is free of permanent attachment to the collar. A line of stitching 25’ is preferably provided along the fold line of the lapels, joining the faces C.. Ul together at this point. In order to provide for securing the tweed and gabardine lapel portions together when desired, hook fasteners 30 are secured vto the inner face of the upper edge of the gabardine lapel, these 40 preferably extending from the line of fold to the edge of the collar and cooperating eyes 3| are secured to the tweed face along the correspond ing line of juncture of the collar and lapel por tion. From the edge of the `collar to the lower 45 end of the lapel, the tape 26 is provided with spaced holes 32. The free edges of the plies of the tweed lapel portion are provided with a row of snap fasteners, the stem portion 33 being se cured to one ply and the socket portion 34 to the 50 other, these snap fasteners being spaced the same distance apart as the holes in the tape 29. Now when it is desired to join the tweed and gabardine lapels into a single unit, the hook fas teners 30 are engaged with the eyes 3l and the 55 tape 29 is inserted between the edges of the plies I3 and I1, with the stems 33 of the snap fasten ers passing through the holes 32. Hook and eye fasteners are preferred for the upper edge as they will resist any downward pull on the lapel. If 60 desired, one element of the snap fastener could be mounted on the tape and the other element between the edges of the tweed lapel or some other type of fastening means may be provided. In the use of a garment embodying this form 65 of the invention, when the same is worn with the gabardine side out, the two lapel portions will be secured together as above described. The ef fect will be a gabardine body with tweed lapels.When the tweed face is turned out, the lapels may be left joined together, giving a tweed body with gabardine lapels, or the. lapels may be sepa In the modified form of the invention shown 5 in Fig. 7, double faced lapels are provided for both faces of the coat. The lapel portion 35 formed with the tweed face 36 is provided with a tweed facing 31, the edges of the two plies being turned in and secured by a line of stitching 38. 10 The lapel portion 39 formed with the gabardine face 40 is provided with a gabardine facing 4I, the edges of the two plies being turned in and se cured by a line of stitching 42. In this form of the invention the upper edges 15 of both the tweed and gabardine lapel portions are left free of the adjacent portion of the collar 43, each being providedwith a row of hook fas teners 44 and 45, respectively, and the adjacent collar portion being provided with a row of eyes 20 46 for cooperation with said hooks when de sired. The hooks 44 and 45 are set in pockets in the edge of the respective lapel portions, as clearly shown in Fig. 9. p Means may also be provided for detachably se 25 curing the free edges of the respective lapel por tions together, although it is preferred in the use of a coat embodying this form of the inven tion to always turn the contrasting lapel in out of sight, as shown in Fig. 8. . 30 In this form of the invention, a line of stitch ing 48 along the line of fold of the lapels passes through both face fabrics and the inner edges of the lapel facings 31 and 4I. In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 10 and l1, double faced lapel portions are provided for each face of the coat. The tweed lapel 50 is provided with a tweed facing 5I and the gab ardine lapel 52 is provided with a gabardine fac ing 53. 40 The upper edges of the lapel portions are de tachably secured to the adjacent lower edge of the collar portion 54 by means of hookless fas teners, one track 55 and the slider 56 of which is fastened to the collar, mating tracks 51 and 58 45 being secured to the upper edges of the respective lapel portions. The type of hookless fastener shown more or less diagrammatically herein is of a well known type now in extensive use, where in the tracks can be entirely separated from each 60 other. In this form -of the invention, a pocket 59 is formed between the tweed face 69 and the gabar dine face 6I of the coat for the reception of the lapel portions when it is desired to conceal one 55 of them from sight, as shown in Fig. 1l. In the use of this form of the invention, it is contemplated that the coat will be worn with one lapel portion concealed within the pocket 59, and itis obvious that different results may be obtained 60 in the way of self or contrastingly-trimmed ef fects, depending upon which lapel portion is con cealed and which one is secured to the collar , and worn outwardly. The embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. l2 and 13 is somewhat similar to that shown in Figs. 1 to 6. In this form, the tweed lapel 62 is provided with a tweed facing 63, each hav ing inturned edge portions 64 Vand 65 between which are mounted a row of socket or sheath ele tweed facing I1 and giving a self-trimmed coat. ments 66. These socket elements are secured in position in any suitable manner, such as by prongs 61 struck from the sides thereof, and are con cealed from sight by reason of being inset from When the latter is done, the edgesof Athe `tweed the edges between the plies of the lapel. rated and the gabardine lapel folded inwardly under the coat out of sight thus’ exposing the 1 70 76 2,138,041 The gabardine face is provided with a lapel portion 68 as in Fig. 1, and this portion has a turned under edge 69 reinforced by a tape 10 secured by a double row of stitching 'Il and 12. Ul A row of pronged fasteners or bayonet elements 3 lapel portions, one of said lapel portions formed of two plies of material, and means carried by the other lapel portion for engaging between the edges of said plies of material for detachably se curing the edges of said lapel portions together. 6. A reversible coat having faces of different 'I3 each has its base portion 'I4 secured under the turned under edge 69 of the lapel portion 68. »material comprising a collar portion, a lapel por The pronged portion 'l5 passes outwardly through tion formed with each face, and means compris the turned under edge 69 and is bent upon itself 10 as shown in Fig. 13, projecting inwardly toward the fold of the lapel. l When using the lapel portion 68, the pronged elements 13 are engaged in their mating sockets 6E being held therein by frictional engagement 15 and the tendency of the tweed lapel to lie flat. In Fig. 14 a further modification is shown in which the gabardine face 'I6 of the coat is termi nated just short of the line of fold of the lapel, being turned under and secured to the tweed 20 face at this point by a line of stitching 11 which also secures the inside edge of the facing 18 of ing fastening means on said collar portion and fastening means on each of said lapel portions selectively engageable with the fastening means on said collar portion for selectively detachably securing the upper free edge portions of a selected one of said lapel portions to the adjacent portion of said collar. ‘7. In a reversible coat comprising a body por tion having faces of different material, a collar portion, and a lapel portion formed with each face of said body portion, each of said lapel por tions being faced with the same kind of material 20 of which it is made, and means for selectively de the tweed lapel portion 19 in position. While preferred embodiments of the invention tachably securing the upper edges of said lapel portions to theadjacent portion of the collar. have been shown and described for purposes of 25 illustration, it is to be understood that various other modifications of the invention as well as changes in the details of construction and ma terials may be resorted to and are contemplated material, a separate> lapel portion formed with each face and said faces forming a pocket there between adjacent lsaid lapel portions, whereby one of said lapel portions may be folded into said without department from the spirit of the inven 30 tion within the scope of the appended claims. I claim: l. In a reversible coat having faces of different material, a lapel portion for each face of said coat, one of said lapel portions being faced with 35 the same material of which it is formed, fasten~ ing elements disposed between the plies of said last mentioned lapel portion adjacent the edge thereof, and fastening elements carried by the other lapel portion for engagement with said ñrst 40 mentioned fastening elements for detachably- se curing the edges of said lapel portions together. pocket.9. In a garment according to claim 5, said Si) means comprising a strip of flexible material se cured along one edge thereof to the under sur face of said other lapel portion, and means for detachably seeming the other edge of said strip between the edges of said plies. 1G. In a garment according to claim 5, said means comprising a pronged element carried by said other lapel on the under side thereof, and a sheath for frictionally engaging said pronged ele ment mounted between said plies. 40' 2. In a reversible coat having faces of different 11. In a reversible coat having faces of con trasting material, a collar portion, a lapel portion material, a lapel portion for each face of said for each face of said coat, said collar portion and coat, one of said lapel portions being faced with said lapel portions having adjacent edge portions, the same material of which it is formed, the other a track element of a hookless fastener secured lapel portion having an inturned edge portion, to the edge portion of said collar, complementary track portions carried by each of said lapel por tions and selectively engageable with thetrack portion carried by said collar to detachably se and means for detachably securing said inturned edge portion between the edges of the plies of said first-mentioned lapel portion. 50 8. In a reversible coat having faces of different 8. In a reversible coat having faces of different cure a selected one of said lapel portions to said 45 50 material, a lapel formed of two separate flaps, each of said flaps comprising an extension of the body material of the respective faces, and means for detachably securing the free edge portions of collar portion. said flaps together. tion and said lapel portions having adjacent edge portions, fastening elements carried adjacent the last mentioned edges of each of said lapel- por tions and complementary fastening elements car ried by said collar portion selectively engageable with the fastening elements carried by said lapel 60 portions for detachably securing either of said lapel portions to said collar portion as desired. 4. In a reversible coat having faces of different material, a lapel formed of two separate flaps, one of said flaps constituting an extension of the body material on one side and being faced with the GO same material, the other of said flaps constituting an extension of the body material on the other side, and means for detachably securing the free edge portions of said flaps together. 5. A garment of the coat type comprising two 12. In a reversible coat having faces of con trasting material, a collar portion, a lapel por tion for each face of said coat, said collar por GERALD HARLAN PRESTON.