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Патент USA US2138041

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NOV. 29, 1938.
AGH~ PRESTON
2,138,041
GARME‘NT
Fiied Aug. 14, 195e
.
2 sheets-sheet 1
(ih/www
Nov. 29, 1938.
G. H. PRESTON
GARMENT
Filed Aug. 14?, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
m
Patented Nov. 29, 1938
2,138,041
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,138,041
GARMENT
Gerald Harlan Preston, North Linthicum, Md.,
assignor of twenty-four per cent to Harry
Waidner Allers and John Andrews Cochran, as
joint owners, and twenty-five per cent to A.
Nelson Anderson, all of Baltimore, Md.
Application Augustl‘i, 1936, Serial No. 96,078
12` Claims.
The present invention relates to garments vand
has more particular application to coats of the
reversible type which may beworn with either
face out.
It has been proposed in the past and at the
CY
present time coats are made which are reversible.
Fig. 4 is Aan enlarged sectional view of one of
the lapels Wit’h one lapel portion folded inwardly
out of sight;
Fig. A5 isla sectional perspective view through
one of the lapels showing the manner of fasten
ing the edges together;
In such coats it is customary to employ one type
Fig. 6 is an enlarged perspective view of one
or >color of fabric for one face and a contrasting
of vthe lapels with the plies separated;
Fig. 7 is a perspective View with parts broken
away illustrating a 'modified form of the inven 10
type or color or fabric for the other face, such as,
10 for instance, a tweed or dress coat material for
one face and a gabardine or other waterproof
or sport material on the opposite face. The de
mand for such coats while potentially large is
not as great as might be expected due to the
15 Vfact that in such coats, the material forming
each side Vor face extends to the lapel portions
so that when the coat is worn and the lapels are
turned down in regular fashion the outer face
of the lapels are in contrast with respect to the
20 body of the coat. This is not objectionable when
the coat is worn as a sport or raincoat with the
gabardine side or face out, but it is aserious ob~
jection when the coat is worn with'the tweed
side out as a dress coat, since it detracts from the
25 appearance of the coat when so worn to have
the lapels faced with a contrasting material, such
as a gabardine or other waterproof material.
The primary object of the present invention
so
(Cl. 2-93)
is to provide a coat with an improved lapel con
struction which will overcome these objectionable
features of the conventional reversible coat.
Another object of the invention is to provide
a reversible coat in which the lapel portions
formed with or carried by the respective face ma
35; terials are made as separate plies, one at least of
which is self faced.
A further object is to provide a reversible coat
in which the lapel portions are formed as separate
plies, detachably secured together so that one
40l. ply may be folded inwardly out of sight or worn
over the other as choice may dictate, >thereby.
providing means whereby the coat may be worn
„ as a self-trimmed coat or as a contrastingly
trimmed coat, to suit the choice of the wearer.
Other objects and advantages of the invention
will become apparent during the course of the
following description of the invention, and upon
reference to the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings:
Fig. l is a front elevation of a coat embodying
a preferred form of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view on the line 2-2 of
Fig. l, but on an enlarged scale;
.
Fig. -3 is a sectional >view on the line 3-3 of
55 Fig. 2;
tion;
Fig. 8 is a’ sectional View through one of the
lapel portions 'of 4the modified form showing the
manner of folding one lapel out of sight;
Fig. 9 is a sectional View of the modified form 15
showing ‘the manner of attaching the lapel por
tions to the collar;
Fig. 10 isa perspective view of a >further modi
ñed formfof the invention;
‘ Fig. 11 is a sectional View lthrough the lapel 20
of this latter form showing the manner of con
cealing `one of the plies;
Fig. 12 is an edge view illustrating a different
type of fastening for' securing the edges of the
lapels together; '
25
Fig. 13 is a sectional View taken `on the line
l.3--I3 of Fig. 12; ‘and
Fig. 14is `a perspective View of a further modi
ñed construction.
In the description, .for purposes of convenience, 30
the coat will 4be described as being made with
tweed for -one face and gabardine for the other
face, although 4it Vwill be -understood. that this is
merely by way Voi illustration, and that any other
suitable fabrics ‘could be substituted for these 35
whenever desired.
In the form of `the invention illustrated in
Figs. Al to 6., the reversible coat |63 comprises a
fabric l I on one side vor face, which may be tweed
or any other material from which such garments 40
are. ordinarily made, and a 'fabric l2 on the other
side which may be‘f'gabardine or any other con
trasting material, and may be and preferably
is a. waterproof fabric so >that when the side I2
is- ‘turned outwardly, the coat'will serve as a rain 45
coat.
.
.
>
VT’he main body portion of the coat, the sleeves
and collar‘proper may be of conventional con
struction.
As the lapelsçon each side of the coat in each
instance are the fsame, only one will be described.
The tweed face' -‘I| is preferably extended andl
cut tothe desiredshape to form a lapel portion
I3¢hav~ing the »edge Vthereof turned under as at
I4, yand `enclosing a cord or filling strip kI 5 in the 55
2
2,138,041
fold, the latter being held by a line of stitching
I6 extending through the ply I3 and infolded
edge I4. The lapel portion I3 is faced with a
lapel are secured together by the snap fasteners,
the cords I5 and I9 in these edges causing them
to ñt closely together giving a ñnished appear
piece I1 of the same material which also has its
ance.
edge turned in as at I8, and is likewise provided
with an edge filling cord I9 secured by stitching
20. The infolded edges I4 and I8 are placed
together and the plies I3 and I1 are secured
together by a line of stitching 2|, said stitching
10 passing through the plies I3 and I1 and the in »
turned edges thereof, and being spaced inwardly
a short distance from the edges of the lapel
portion thus formed so that the edges may be
spread apart slightly for a purpose to be presently
15
described.
i
'
The tweed face and lapel portion are joined to
the collar 22 along the line 23.
The gabardine face I2 ofthe coat is also eX
tended and shaped to provide a lapel portion 24,
20 the edge portion thereof being turned under as
at 25. In order to reinforce the edge of the gab
ardine lapel portion, a tape 26 is secured along the
inner face of the edge by rows of stitching 21 and
28. A second tape 29 having a free inwardly ex
25 tending edge is also secured to the inner face
of this lapel portion, its secured edge preferably
being disposed between the tape 26 and the in
folded edge 25, all three being secured by the row
of stitching 28.
The gabardine face is joined to the collar along
30
the line 24', but the lapel portion 20 is free of
permanent attachment to the collar.
A line of stitching 25’ is preferably provided
along the fold line of the lapels, joining the faces
C.. Ul together at this point.
In order to provide for securing the tweed and
gabardine lapel portions together when desired,
hook fasteners 30 are secured vto the inner face
of the upper edge of the gabardine lapel, these
40 preferably extending from the line of fold to the
edge of the collar and cooperating eyes 3| are
secured to the tweed face along the correspond
ing line of juncture of the collar and lapel por
tion. From the edge of the `collar to the lower
45 end of the lapel, the tape 26 is provided with
spaced holes 32. The free edges of the plies of
the tweed lapel portion are provided with a row of
snap fasteners, the stem portion 33 being se
cured to one ply and the socket portion 34 to the
50 other, these snap fasteners being spaced the
same distance apart as the holes in the tape 29.
Now when it is desired to join the tweed and
gabardine lapels into a single unit, the hook fas
teners 30 are engaged with the eyes 3l and the
55 tape 29 is inserted between the edges of the plies
I3 and I1, with the stems 33 of the snap fasten
ers passing through the holes 32. Hook and eye
fasteners are preferred for the upper edge as they
will resist any downward pull on the lapel. If
60 desired, one element of the snap fastener could
be mounted on the tape and the other element
between the edges of the tweed lapel or some
other type of fastening means may be provided.
In the use of a garment embodying this form
65 of the invention, when the same is worn with
the gabardine side out, the two lapel portions will
be secured together as above described. The ef
fect will be a gabardine body with tweed lapels.When the tweed face is turned out, the lapels
may be left joined together, giving a tweed body
with gabardine lapels, or the. lapels may be sepa
In the modified form of the invention shown 5
in Fig. 7, double faced lapels are provided for
both faces of the coat. The lapel portion 35
formed with the tweed face 36 is provided with a
tweed facing 31, the edges of the two plies being
turned in and secured by a line of stitching 38. 10
The lapel portion 39 formed with the gabardine
face 40 is provided with a gabardine facing 4I,
the edges of the two plies being turned in and se
cured by a line of stitching 42.
In this form of the invention the upper edges 15
of both the tweed and gabardine lapel portions
are left free of the adjacent portion of the collar
43, each being providedwith a row of hook fas
teners 44 and 45, respectively, and the adjacent
collar portion being provided with a row of eyes 20
46 for cooperation with said hooks when de
sired. The hooks 44 and 45 are set in pockets in
the edge of the respective lapel portions, as clearly
shown in Fig. 9.
p
Means may also be provided for detachably se 25
curing the free edges of the respective lapel por
tions together, although it is preferred in the
use of a coat embodying this form of the inven
tion to always turn the contrasting lapel in out
of sight, as shown in Fig. 8.
.
30
In this form of the invention, a line of stitch
ing 48 along the line of fold of the lapels passes
through both face fabrics and the inner edges
of the lapel facings 31 and 4I.
In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 10
and l1, double faced lapel portions are provided
for each face of the coat. The tweed lapel 50
is provided with a tweed facing 5I and the gab
ardine lapel 52 is provided with a gabardine fac
ing 53.
40
The upper edges of the lapel portions are de
tachably secured to the adjacent lower edge of
the collar portion 54 by means of hookless fas
teners, one track 55 and the slider 56 of which is
fastened to the collar, mating tracks 51 and 58 45
being secured to the upper edges of the respective
lapel portions. The type of hookless fastener
shown more or less diagrammatically herein is
of a well known type now in extensive use, where
in the tracks can be entirely separated from each 60
other.
In this form -of the invention, a pocket 59 is
formed between the tweed face 69 and the gabar
dine face 6I of the coat for the reception of the
lapel portions when it is desired to conceal one 55
of them from sight, as shown in Fig. 1l.
In the use of this form of the invention, it is
contemplated that the coat will be worn with one
lapel portion concealed within the pocket 59, and
itis obvious that different results may be obtained 60
in the way of self or contrastingly-trimmed ef
fects, depending upon which lapel portion is con
cealed and which one is secured to the collar ,
and worn outwardly.
The embodiment of the invention shown in
Figs. l2 and 13 is somewhat similar to that shown
in Figs. 1 to 6. In this form, the tweed lapel
62 is provided with a tweed facing 63, each hav
ing inturned edge portions 64 Vand 65 between
which are mounted a row of socket or sheath ele
tweed facing I1 and giving a self-trimmed coat.
ments 66. These socket elements are secured in
position in any suitable manner, such as by prongs
61 struck from the sides thereof, and are con
cealed from sight by reason of being inset from
When the latter is done, the edgesof Athe `tweed
the edges between the plies of the lapel.
rated and the gabardine lapel folded inwardly
under the coat out of sight thus’ exposing the
1
70
76
2,138,041
The gabardine face is provided with a lapel
portion 68 as in Fig. 1, and this portion has a
turned under edge 69 reinforced by a tape 10
secured by a double row of stitching 'Il and 12.
Ul A row of pronged fasteners or bayonet elements
3
lapel portions, one of said lapel portions formed
of two plies of material, and means carried by the
other lapel portion for engaging between the
edges of said plies of material for detachably se
curing the edges of said lapel portions together.
6. A reversible coat having faces of different
'I3 each has its base portion 'I4 secured under the
turned under edge 69 of the lapel portion 68. »material comprising a collar portion, a lapel por
The pronged portion 'l5 passes outwardly through tion formed with each face, and means compris
the turned under edge 69 and is bent upon itself
10 as shown in Fig. 13, projecting inwardly toward
the fold of the lapel.
l
When using the lapel portion 68, the pronged
elements 13 are engaged in their mating sockets
6E being held therein by frictional engagement
15 and the tendency of the tweed lapel to lie flat.
In Fig. 14 a further modification is shown in
which the gabardine face 'I6 of the coat is termi
nated just short of the line of fold of the lapel,
being turned under and secured to the tweed
20 face at this point by a line of stitching 11 which
also secures the inside edge of the facing 18 of
ing fastening means on said collar portion and
fastening means on each of said lapel portions
selectively engageable with the fastening means
on said collar portion for selectively detachably
securing the upper free edge portions of a selected
one of said lapel portions to the adjacent portion
of said collar.
‘7. In a reversible coat comprising a body por
tion having faces of different material, a collar
portion, and a lapel portion formed with each
face of said body portion, each of said lapel por
tions being faced with the same kind of material 20
of which it is made, and means for selectively de
the tweed lapel portion 19 in position.
While preferred embodiments of the invention
tachably securing the upper edges of said lapel
portions to theadjacent portion of the collar.
have been shown and described for purposes of
25 illustration, it is to be understood that various
other modifications of the invention as well as
changes in the details of construction and ma
terials may be resorted to and are contemplated
material, a separate> lapel portion formed with
each face and said faces forming a pocket there
between adjacent lsaid lapel portions, whereby one
of said lapel portions may be folded into said
without department from the spirit of the inven
30 tion within the scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
l. In a reversible coat having faces of different
material, a lapel portion for each face of said
coat, one of said lapel portions being faced with
35 the same material of which it is formed, fasten~
ing elements disposed between the plies of said
last mentioned lapel portion adjacent the edge
thereof, and fastening elements carried by the
other lapel portion for engagement with said ñrst
40 mentioned fastening elements for detachably- se
curing the edges of said lapel portions together.
pocket.9. In a garment according to claim 5, said Si)
means comprising a strip of flexible material se
cured along one edge thereof to the under sur
face of said other lapel portion, and means for
detachably seeming the other edge of said strip
between the edges of said plies.
1G. In a garment according to claim 5, said
means comprising a pronged element carried by
said other lapel on the under side thereof, and a
sheath for frictionally engaging said pronged ele
ment mounted between said plies.
40'
2. In a reversible coat having faces of different
11. In a reversible coat having faces of con
trasting material, a collar portion, a lapel portion
material, a lapel portion for each face of said
for each face of said coat, said collar portion and
coat, one of said lapel portions being faced with
said lapel portions having adjacent edge portions,
the same material of which it is formed, the other
a track element of a hookless fastener secured
lapel portion having an inturned edge portion,
to the edge portion of said collar, complementary
track portions carried by each of said lapel por
tions and selectively engageable with thetrack
portion carried by said collar to detachably se
and means for detachably securing said inturned
edge portion between the edges of the plies of
said first-mentioned lapel portion.
50
8. In a reversible coat having faces of different
8. In a reversible coat having faces of different
cure a selected one of said lapel portions to said
45
50
material, a lapel formed of two separate flaps,
each of said flaps comprising an extension of the
body material of the respective faces, and means
for detachably securing the free edge portions of
collar portion.
said flaps together.
tion and said lapel portions having adjacent edge
portions, fastening elements carried adjacent the
last mentioned edges of each of said lapel- por
tions and complementary fastening elements car
ried by said collar portion selectively engageable
with the fastening elements carried by said lapel 60
portions for detachably securing either of said
lapel portions to said collar portion as desired.
4. In a reversible coat having faces of different
material, a lapel formed of two separate flaps, one
of said flaps constituting an extension of the body
material on one side and being faced with the
GO same material, the other of said flaps constituting
an extension of the body material on the other
side, and means for detachably securing the free
edge portions of said flaps together.
5. A garment of the coat type comprising two
12. In a reversible coat having faces of con
trasting material, a collar portion, a lapel por
tion for each face of said coat, said collar por
GERALD HARLAN PRESTON.
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