close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2138132

код для вставки
NOV. 29, 1938.
5; M_ BACKSTRGM
‘2,138,132
REFRIGERATOR
Filed Sept. 6, 1955
I 3 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
BY
Mam
ATTORNEY.
Nev. 29, 1938.
s. M. BACKSTRGM
2,138,132
REFRIGERATOR
Filed Sept. 6, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
v
-‘
INVENTOR.
‘MW 4% 64%
BY
‘
=9”?
ATTORNEY.
' Nov; 29, 1938.
s. M. BACKSTROM
REFRIGERATOR
2,138,132
'
Fi_led'Sept. 6, 1935
,
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
IN VENTOR.
AWW. am
BY
ATTORNEY.
2,138,132
Patented Nov. 229, 193857
. ‘UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,138,132
REFRIGERATOR
Sigurd Mattias Backstriim, Stockholm, Sweden,
assignor, by mesne assignments, to Serve], Inc,
New York, N. Y., a corporation of. Delaware
Application September 6, 1935, Serial No. 39,373
In G ermany October 5, 1934
12 Claims.
My invention relates to refrigerators and has
for an object the provision of an improved re
frigerator structure which is sturdy yet readily
assembled and ‘inexpensive.
.
Another object'is to provide improved distri
5
bution of the weight of a refrigerating apparatus
in
a cabinet.-
7
'
My invention together with the ‘objects and
(C1. 62-89)
-
.
of a generally U-shaped metal plate,” extend
ing from the top of the posts 24 and 25 to ap
proximately the levelv of the front cross member
H. The plate 3|) forms the supportingstructure
for a refrigerating apparatus 3| the cooling ele
ment 22 of which is adapted to be disposed within
. the storage compartment ||.
The front section of the cabinet including the '
frame l3, the liner I8 and insulation members 23,
sideration of the following descriptionin con and the rear section including the corner posts
24, 25, the plate 30 and the refrigerating appa
junction with the accompanying drawings form
ratus 3|, are telescoped together by inserting the
ing part of this speci?cation, and’ of which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a refrigerator cooling element 22 through the liner opening
frame ~2| into the storage compartment | |, form
cabinet embodying the invention;
' '
Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the refrigerator; ing a double cantilever arrangement whereby
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken on line 3-3 both sections are mutually supporting. The plate
30 is provided with a block of insulation material
in Fig. 2; and
32 which is disposed within the liner opening
Fig. 4 is a rear view of the ‘refrigerator.
Referring to Fig. 1, a refrigerator cabinet l0 frame 2|. The liner. opening ‘is sealed on the
p
-20 provides a thermally insulated storage compart-r inside by a liner opening trim member 33. '
The outer wall or casing 34 of the cabinet con
ment || accessible by means of a door l2. The
cabinet includes a front frame l3‘ constructed . sists of an inverted U-shaped sheet of metal,
of upright corner posts l4 and i5 joined in a which isgiven any desired ?nish, and which is
suitable manner by cross members l6 and H. placed over the rounded frame l3 and rear cor-"
ner posts 24 and 25 and extends downwardly on
25 The frame |3 may be of wood, such as beech,
which does not absorb odors. Other material each side to the cross member I]. The casing 34
advantages thereof will fully appear upon‘ con-‘
may, of course, be used.
As shown in Fig. 3, an open front metal com
partment I8, generally referred to as a liner, hav
~30
is secured by nails or screws to the wooden frame
and corner posts. The top rear portion of the
casing or cover 34 is cut out and provided with
a downward ?ange 35 which is secured to the.
is secured around the door opening in the frame plate 30 by means of metal screws. The cut-out
|3 by screws 20. The liner i8, which forms the’ is provided to permit good air circulation at the
ing outward'?anges IQ- along its forward edges,
storage compartment i|,-may be coated on the
inside with porcelain enamel, as well known, and
35 is provided in the rear with an opening, which
may be referred to as a liner opening, surrounded
by a wood frame 2| through which the cooling
element 22 of a refrigerating apparatus may be
inserted. To the liner opening frame 2|, and the
40 front frame |3 are secured a plurality of' insu
lating members 23 consisting of corrugated card
board sheets faced with metal’foil, in ‘spaced rela
tion to each other and parallel to the liner it.
The sheets 23 are provided with ?anges '31 and
45 may be secured to the liner opening frame 2| and
the front frame l3 by nails or other fastening
back of the cabinet for air cooling of the re
frigerating apparatus 3|. A ?anged bottom plate
36, secured to the sides of the cover 34 along its
lower edges, to the front frame (4 3, and to the
plate 30, serves to reinforce the structure.
Various changes may be made within the scope
of my invention as indicated by the following
claims.
'
.
What is claimed is:
40
'
v
' 1. Refrigerator including a cabinet having a
front frame, a storage compartment secured to
said frame, and rear corner posts, a refrigerating -
apparatus ‘supported by said posts, and an outer
casing joining said frame and rear corner‘posts.
It will be understoodthat the frames
2. Refrigerator including a cabinet having a.
may be constructed of other material than wood,
and other types of insulation may be employed.
The rear portion of the cabinet consists of up
50
front frame,va storage compartment secured to
said frame, insulation secured‘ to said frame, and
means.
rear corner posts, a refrigerating apparatus sup
right corner posts 24 and 25 joined by a cross
ported by said posts, and an outer casing joining
member 26, of steel or wood, at approximately the
said frame and rear corner posts.
level of the front cross member |'|._ To the inside
'of the rear corner posts 24 and 25 are secured, for
3. Refrigerator including a cabinet having a
front frame, a storage compartment secured to
55 example, by screws 21, the side edges 23 and 29
said frame, insulation secured to said frame, and
>
‘ 2
2,138,182
vrear corner posts, a refrigerating apparatus sup?
ported by said posts, and a unitary casing joining
said frame and rear corner posts and forming
the sides and top of said cabinet.
4. Refrigerator including a cabinet having a
front frame, a storage compartment secured to
said frame, insulation ‘comprising spaced metal
sheets and secured to said frame, and rear cor
ner posts, a refrigerating apparatus supported
10 by said posts, and a unitary outer casing joining
‘
’
a
secured tosaid plate, and an outer casing joining
said frame and rear corner posts.
' 10. Refrigerator including a cabinet having a
~front_"section and a rear section, said front sec
tion including a frame comprising upright mem
bers and cross members, a storage compartment
secured to'said frame having an opening in the
rear wall thereof, a frame secured to said com
partment around said opening, and insulation
members secured to said opening frame and the
said frame and rear corner posts and forming the
cabinet frame, said rearsection comprising two'
sides and top of said cabinet.
corner posts, a cross member between said'posts
and a U-shaped plate secured to said posts, re
frigerating apparatusmounted on said plate and
having a cooling element adapted to be inserted
through the opening 'in- said storage compart
ment and including means to insulate the open
ing, a unitary casing secured to said front frame
and rear corner posts and forming the sides and,
topof the cabinet, and a ?anged horizontal plate 20
secured to the inner sides of said outer wall at
5. Refrigerator including a cabinet having a
wooden front frame, ‘a ‘storage compartment
15 screwed to said frame, insulation comprising,
corrugated cardboard sheets covered with metal
foil nailed to“ said frame, and wooden rear cor
ner posts, a refrigerating apparatus supported
by said posts, an outer casing screwed or nailed
to said frame and rear corner postshthe upper
portion of said frame forming the- door opening
and the lower portion of said frame and corner
6. Refrigerator including a front frame and a
25 storage compartment secured thereto, a rear
frame and refrigerating ‘apparatus secured
thereto, said'parts being arranged to form a
double cantilever, and an outer casing joining
said frames.
the lower edge thereof.
’ ' '11. In a' refrigerator, a ?rst unit comprising a
posts forming the legs of said cabinet
1
'
'7. Method of constructing, a refrigerator com
prising forming a front frame, storage compart- ,
ment and insulation as a unit, forming a rear
frame and refrigerating apparatus as a unit,
front upright frame supporting a rearwardly ex
tending, storage compartment, a second unit 25
comprising a rear upright frame supporting re
frigeration apparatus including a forwardly pro
jectlng cooling element, said units‘ being ar-'
ranged to form a double cantilever structure
with said cooling element telescoped into said 30
storage compartment, the latter being provided
with a suitable opening for this purpose, andan
outer casing (secured to said frames and forming
the sides and top‘ of the refrigerator.
bringing, said units together in a double canti-.
12. Refrigerator having a front section and a 35
lever arrangement, and securing said frames to
rear section, said front section including an 'up
gether by a casing forming the sides and top of ' right frame forming a door opening and the
, the refrigerator.
'
front legs of the refrigerator, and a thermally in
8. Method of constructing a refrigerator com-— sulated storage compartment mounted on said
prising forming a front frame, storage compart
40 .ment and insulation as a unit, forming a rear frame and having an opening in the rear to per 40
mit insertion of the cooling element, said rear
frame and refrigerating :apparatus as a unit, section including an upright frame forming the
bringing said units together in a double canti
rear legs of the refrigerator and refrigeration ap
lever arrangement, securing said frames to
paratus mounted on said frame and including a
gether by a casing forming the sides and top of
45 the refrigerator, and reinforcing the whole by
securing a horizontal plate to said frames and
casing immediately beneath said storage com
partment.
‘
1
9. Refrigerator including a cabinet having a
50
front frame, a storage compartment secured to
said frame, and rear corner posts, a metal plate
secured to said posts, refrigerating apparatus
cooling element adapted to be inserted through
the opening in said storage compartment, said
sections being arranged next each other with
said cooling element projected into said storage
compartment and forming a double cantilever
structure, and an outer casing secured to said 50
frames and forming the sides and top of the
refrigerator.
'
u
v
__
SIGURD MAT'I'IAS BACKSTROM.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
385 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа