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Инструкция для Compex MRL21E

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Инструкция для
Compex MRL21E
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Compex MRL21E
© 2006 Compe x Syste ms Pte Ltd
All Rig hts Re se rve d
This d o c ume nt c o nta ins info rma tio n, whic h is p ro te c te d b y c o p yrig ht. Re p ro d uc tio n,
a d a p ta tio n o r tra nsla tio n witho ut p rio r p e rmissio n is p ro hib ite d , e xc e p t a s a llo we d und e r
the c o p yrig ht la ws.
Trade mark Information
Co mp e x?, Re a d yLINK? a nd Mic ro Hub ? a re re g iste re d tra d e ma rks o f Co mp e x, Inc .
Mic ro so ft Wind o ws a nd the Wind o ws lo g o a re the tra d e ma rks o f Mic ro so ft Co rp . Ne tWa re
is the re g iste re d tra d e ma rk o f No ve ll Inc . All o the r b ra nd a nd p ro d uc t na me s a re
tra d e ma rks o r re g iste re d tra d e ma rks o f the ir re sp e c tive o wne rs.
No tic e : Co p yrig hts © 2006 b y Co mp e x, Inc . All rig hts re se rve d . Re p ro d uc tio n, a d a p ta tio n,
o r tra nsla tio n witho ut p rio r p e rmissio n o f Co mpe x, Inc . is p ro hib ite d , e xc e p t a s a llo we d
und e r the c o p yrig ht la ws.
Ma nua l Re visio n b y Da nie l
Ma nua l Numb e r: U-0493-V1.2C
Ve rsio n 1.12 Ap ril 2007
Disc laime r
Co mp e x, Inc . p ro vid e s this ma nua l witho ut wa rra nty o f a ny kind , e ithe r e xp re sse d o r
imp lie d , inc lud ing b ut no t limite d to the imp lie d wa rra ntie s o f me rc ha nta b ility a nd fitne ss
fo r a p a rtic ula r p urp o se . Co mp e x, Inc . ma y ma ke imp ro ve me nts a nd / o r c ha ng e s to the
p ro d uc t a nd / o r sp e c ific a tio ns o f the p ro d uc t d e sc rib e d in this ma nua l, witho ut p rio r
no tic e . Co mp e x, Inc will no t b e lia b le fo r a ny te c hnic a l ina c c ura c ie s o r typ o g ra p hic a l
e rro rs fo und in this g uid e . Cha ng e s a re p e rio d ic a lly ma d e to the info rma tio n c o nta ine d
he re in a nd will b e inc o rp o ra te d into la te r ve rsio ns o f the ma nua l. The info rma tio n
c o nta ine d is sub je c t to c ha ng e witho ut p rio r no tic e .
Compex MRL21E
Your Fe e dbac k
We va lue yo ur fe e d b a c k. If yo u find a ny e rro rs in this use r? s ma nua l, o r if yo u ha ve
sug g e stio ns o r c o mme nts, we wo uld like to he a r fro m yo u. Ple a se c o nta c t us a t:
Fa x:
(65) 62809947
Ema il:
fe e d b a c k@ c o mp e x.c o m.sg
About This Document
This d o c ume nt ma y b e c o me sup e rse d e d , in whic h c a se yo u ma y find its la te st ve rsio n a t:
http :/ / www.c o mp e x.c o m.sg / ho me / d o wnlo a d .a sp
The p ro d uc t d e sc rib e d in this d o c ume nt, Co mp e x ADSL 2/ 2+ Ethe rne t Mo d e m Ro ute r
Se rie s, MRL21E, is a lic e nse d p ro d uc t o f Co mp e x Syste ms Pte Ltd . This d o c ume nt c o nta ins
instruc tio ns fo r insta lling , c o nfig uring a nd using Co mp e x MRL21E. It a lso g ive s a n o ve rvie w
o f the ke y a p p lic a tio ns a nd the ne two rking c o nc e p ts with re sp e c t to the p ro d uc t.
This d o c ume nta tio n is fo r b o th Ne two rk Ad ministra to rs a nd the e nd -use rs who p o sse ss
so me b a sic kno wle d g e in the ne two rking struc ture a nd p ro to c o ls.
It ma ke s a fe w a ssump tio ns tha t the ho st c o mp ute r ha s a lre a d y b e e n insta lle d with TCP/ IP
a nd re a d y to a c c e ss Inte rne t. Pro c e d ure s fo r Mic ro so ft Wind o ws 98SE/ ME/ 2000/ XP
o p e ra ting syste ms a re inc lud e d in this d o c ume nt. Ho we ve r, fo r o the r o p e ra ting syste m,
yo u ma y ne e d to re fe r to yo ur o p e ra ting syste m? s d o c ume nta tio n fo r ne two rking
instruc tio n.
Firmware
Ple a se ta ke no te tha t this Use r? s Ma nua l is writte n b a se d o n Co mp e x MRL21E Firmwa re
Re le a se 2.2
Compex MRL21E
Conventions
In this d o c ume nt, sp e c ia l c o nve ntio ns a re use d to he lp p re se nt the info rma tio n c le a rly.
The Co mp e x ADSL 2/ 2+ Ethe rne t Mo d e m Ro ute r MRL21E is o fte n re fe rre d to a s Co mp e x
MRL21E in this d o c ume nt. He re is a list o f c o nve ntio ns use d within the ma nua l:
!
eX p t
This symb o l sig nifie s a n imp o rta nt no tic e to b e he e d e d . The use r is
a d vise d to re a d the instruc tio ns c a re fully b e fo re p ro c e e d ing furthe r.
This symb o l re p re se nts a se c tio n me a nt fo r a d va nc e d use rs, o r
sp e c ific fe a ture s me a nt fo r e xc e p tio na l no n-sta nd a rd a p p lic a tio ns.
The use r is a ssume d to ha ve re le va nt ne two rk kno wle d g e to c a rry
o ut the ne c e ssa ry c o nfig ura tio n o r und e rsta nd the info rma tio n g ive n.
Compex MRL21E
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................... 1
CHAPTER 2: G ETTING TO KNO W YO UR PRODUC T................................................................................ 2
2.1
KEY FEATURES ...........................................................................................2
2.3
PANEL VIEWS............................................................................................3
2.3.1
Pa ne l De sc rip tio n .......................................................................4
CHAPTER 3: LET? S GET GOING-HARDWARE SETUP................................................................................ 5
3.1
POWER UP IN 6 STEPS: ..............................................................................5
CHAPTER 4: LET? S GET GOING-SOFTWARE SETUP.................................................................................. 6
4.1
PREPARING THE PC S + MODEM ROUTER..................................................6
4.1.1
Co nfig uring the PCs...................................................................6
4.1.2
Ba sic Mo de m Ro ute r Se tup ...................................................12
4.2
WAN CONFIGURATION BASIC SETUP......................................................18
4.2.1 Using the Co nfig ura tio n Guide ..................................................19
4.2.2 Se le c ting RFC1483 Bridg ing fo r Co nne c tio n Typ e ...............20
4.2.3 Se le c ting PPPo E o r PPPo A fo r Co nne c tio n Typ e ..................21
4.2.4 Se le c ting MER o r IPo A fo r Co nne c tio n Typ e ..........................23
4.3
LAN CONFIGURATION BASIC SETUP ........................................................25
4.3.1 Co nfig uring IP Addre ss..................................................................25
4.3.2 Co nfig uring DHCP Se tting ............................................................26
4.4
PASSWORD CONFIGURATION..................................................................27
4.4.1 Co nfig uring Pa sswo rd ...................................................................27
CHAPTER 5: ADVANCED CO NFIG URATION......................................................................................... 28
5.1
DETAILED C ONFIGURATION ....................................................................28
5.2
VIRTUAL SERVERS ....................................................................................30
5.2.1 Se tting up Virtua l Se rve rs..............................................................30
5.3
PORT TRIGGERING ..................................................................................32
5.3.1 Se tting up Po rt Trig g e ring .............................................................32
Compex MRL21E
5.4
DMZ HOST.............................................................................................34
5.4.1 Se tting up a DMZ Ho st...................................................................34
5.5
IP FILTERING ............................................................................................35
5.5.1 Co nfig uring a n Outg o ing IP Filte ring Rule ...............................35
5.5.2 Co nfig uring a n Inc o ming IP Filte ring Rule ................................37
5.6
MAC FILTERING .....................................................................................38
5.6.1 Co nfig uring a MAC Filte ring Rule ...............................................38
Frame Direction:...........................................................................................45
5.7
PARENTAL CONTROL...............................................................................47
5.7.1 Se tting up a Pa re nta l Co ntro l Rule ............................................47
5.8
ROUTING ................................................................................................49
5.8.1 Se tting up a De fa ult Ga te wa y ...................................................49
5.8.2 Se tting up a Sta tic Ro ute .............................................................50
5.8.3 Co nfig uring RIP................................................................................52
5.9
USING DSL.............................................................................................53
5.9.1 Co nfig uring DSL...............................................................................53
5.10
USING DNS........................................................................................55
5.10.1 Co nfig uring DNS Se rve r..............................................................55
5.10.2 Co nfig uring Dyna mic DNS.........................................................56
5.11
WAN CONFIGURATION ADVANCED SETUP..........................................57
5.11.1 Co nfig uring WAN .........................................................................57
CHAPTER 6: DIAGNOSTICS........................................................................................................................ 58
6.1 PERFORMING DIAGNOSTIC TEST...................................................................58
CHAPTER 7: MANAGING YO UR NETWO RK........................................................................................... 59
7.1
SETTINGS .................................................................................................59
7.1.1 Se tting s - Ba c kup ............................................................................59
7.1.2 Se tting s - Up da te ............................................................................60
7.1.3 Se tting s ? Re sto re De fa ult.............................................................61
7.2
SYSTEM LOG ............................................................................................62
7.2.1 Syste m Lo g ? Vie w Syste m Lo g ...................................................62
Compex MRL21E
7.2.2 Syste m Lo g ? Co nfig ure Syste m Lo g .........................................63
7.3
ACCESS CONTROL..................................................................................64
7.3.1 Ac c e ss Co ntro l ? Se rvic e s ............................................................64
7.3.2 Ac c e ss Co ntro l ? IP Addre sse s....................................................65
7.3.3 Ac c e ss Co ntro l ? Pa sswo rds ........................................................66
7.4
INTERNET TIME..........................................................................................67
7.4.1 Inte rne t Time ? Time Se tting .........................................................67
7.5
UPDATE SOFTWARE..................................................................................70
7.5.1 Up da te So ftwa re ............................................................................70
7.6
SAVE/ REBOOT.........................................................................................71
7.6.1 Sa ve /Re b o o t ? Re b o o ting ...........................................................71
CHAPTER 8: NETWO RK MANAGEMENT INFORMATION..................................................................... 72
8.1 DEVICE INFO - SUMMARY.............................................................................72
8.2 DEVICE INFO - WAN...................................................................................74
8.3
DEVICE INFORMATION............................................................................76
8.3.1 De vic e Info ? Sta tistic s -LAN.........................................................76
8.3.2 De vic e Info ? Sta tistic s -WAN.......................................................77
8.3.3 De vic e Info ? Sta tistic s -ATM ........................................................78
8.3.4 De vic e Info ? Sta tistic s -ADSL.......................................................79
8.4 DEVICE INFO ? ROUTE..................................................................................80
8.5 DEVICE INFO ? ARP ....................................................................................81
CHAPTER 9: TRO UBLESHOO TING G UIDE................................................................................................ 82
9.1
TROUBLESHOOTING .................................................................................82
9.1.1 Che c k the Line a nd the De vic e .................................................82
9.1.2 Che c k yo ur Co nfig ura tio n ...........................................................83
APPENDIX : TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS.............................................................................................. 85
Chapter 1
Introduction
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
T
ha nk yo u fo r p urc ha sing the Co mp e x MRL21E ADSL 2/ 2+ Ethe rne t Mo d e m Ro ute r!
We a re c o mmitte d to d e live r, me e t a nd e ve n e xc e e d yo ur e xp e c ta tio ns o f a hig hp e rfo rma nc e , fe a ture -ric h, use r-frie nd ly a nd c o st-e ffe c tive mo d e m ro ute r d e vic e .
We a re e xc ite d tha t yo u will so o n b e d isc o ve ring mo re a b o ut a p ro d uc t tha t we ha ve
p ro ud ly d e ve lo p e d .
Co mp e x MRL21E is a b ro a d b a nd Inte rne t a c c e ss d e vic e , whic h utilize s the hig h
fre q ue nc y se g me nt o f the p ho ne line to tra nsmit hig h-sp e e d d a ta witho ut a ffe c ting the
vo ic e tra nsmissio n. This me a ns tha t yo u c a n ma ke a p ho ne c a ll a nd a c c e ss the Inte rne t
a t the sa me time . The fre q ue nc y o f the ADSL sig na l is hig he r tha n tha t o f vo ic e , so vo ic e
a nd ADSL sig na l c a n c o e xist in o ne te le p ho ne line b y using a sp litte r to insula te e a c h fro m
the o the r. ADSL d a ta tra nsfe r a d o p ts the a symme tric mo d e l. It sup p o rts up lo a d
tra nsmissio n sp e e d s o f up to 1Mb p s a nd d o wnlo a d sp e e d s o f up to 24Mb p s fo r ADSL2+.
The re fo re , Inte rne t a p p lic a tio ns suc h a s sync hro no us tra nsmissio n o f vid e o stre a m, o nline
g a me s a nd d o wnlo a d ing o f file s a re ma d e p o ssib le .
1
Chapter 2
Features
CHAPTER 2: GETTING TO KNOW YOUR PRODUCT
2.1
KEY FEATURES
Yo ur Co mp e x MRL21E is e nd o we d with a hig h-p e rfo rma nc e d e sig n a nd a ric h fe a ture se t.
To ma ximize the p o te ntia l o f yo ur p urc ha se , we ha ve hig hlig hte d a list o f fe a ture s to he lp
yo u g e t fa milia rize d with it:
?
Co mp lia nc e with ANSI T1.413 ISSUE 2, ITU G .992.1 (G .DMT), ITU G .992.2 (G .LITE), ITU
G992.3 a nd ITU G992.5
?
We b -b a se d c o nfig ura tio n a nd mo nito ring
?
Ro uting func tio n
?
NAPTfunc tio n
?
DHCP func tio n
2
Chapter 2
2.3
Features
PANELVIEWS
The Co mp e x MRL21E ha s b e e n d e sig ne d suc h tha t it c a n b e c o nve nie ntly p la c e d o n a
d e skto p . The LED ind ic a to rs d e no ting ne two rk sta tus a nd a c tivity a re situa te d o n the fro nt
e d g e o f the mo d e m fo r e a sy visib ility.
NOTICE: Ac tua l p ro d uc t a p p e a ra nc e ma y slig htly d iffe r d e p e nd ing o n the ha rd wa re
ve rsio n.
Front View
3
Chapter 2
Features
2.3.1 PANELDESCRIPTION
Label
Indicator
Power (LED)
Description
?
Ste ady RED:
Po we r is turne d o n
?
Off:
Po we r is turne d o ff.
LINK (LED)
?
Ste ady YELLOW:
The mo d e m ha s g o o d Inte rne t c o nne c tivity
?
Flashing YELLOW:
The mo d e m is in the ha nd sha king sta tus.
?
Off:
Inte rne t c o nne c tio n is no t e sta b lishe d .
DATA (LED)
?
Ste ady GREEN:
Co nne c te d to the PC.
?
Fast Flashing GREEN:
Tra nsmitting o r re c e iving d a ta .
?
Off:
No t p ro p e rly c o nne c te d to the PC.
PC/ USB (LED)
?
Ste ady GREEN:
Ca b le is c o nne c te d .
?
Fast Flashing GREEN:
Tra nsfo rming d a ta
?
Off:
No c a b le is d e te c te d .
4
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
CHAPTER 3: LET?S GETGOING-HARDWARE SETUP
3.1
POWER UP IN 6 STEPS:
In 6 simp le ste p s, yo u sha ll ha ve yo ur ro ute r running a nd func tio na l. Afte r whic h, yo u ma y
p ro c e e d to the so ftwa re c o nfig ura tio n to g e t re a d y to surf the Inte rne t a t hig h-sp e e d !
Panel View of Compex MRL21E
Splitter
Use a te le p ho ne c o rd to c o nne c t the LINE p o rt o f the sp litte r with the RJ-11
p o rt (the p ho ne ja c k) o n the wa ll.
Use the o the r te le p ho ne c o rd to c o nne c t the ADSL p o rt o f the sp litte r with
the LINE p o rt o f the Co mp e x MRL21E.
Use a no the r te le p ho ne c o rd to c o nne c t the te le p ho ne se t with the PHONE
p o rt o f the sp litte r.
Co nne c t the Ethernet p o rt o f the Co mp e x MRL21E with the 10/ 100BASE-T
p o rt o f the c o mp ute r using the RJ45 ne two rk c a b le tha t c o me s with the
mo d e m.
Plug in the p o we r c o rd a nd turn o n the p o we r fo r the mo d e m.
Turn o n yo ur PC.
5
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
CHAPTER 4: LET?S GETGOING-SOFTWARE SETUP
4.1
PREPARING THE PCS + MODEM ROUTER
The Co mp e x MRL21E c o me s with a p o we rful a rra y o f fe a ture s tha t c a n b e a d ministe re d
via a we b -b a se d c o nfig ura tio n inte rfa c e . This se c tio n o f so ftwa re se tup will b e p re se nte d
in two e sse ntia l p o rtio ns a ime d to q uic kly e na b le e ffe c tive use o f the p ro d uc t:
?
Configuring the PCs - Co nc e rns the Pre p a ra tio n o f PCs fo r ne two rk a c c e ss
?
Basic Compex MRL21E Setup - Co ve rs ste p s fo r o nline a c c e ss & Inte rne t sha ring
4.1.1
Configuring the PCs
The instruc tio ns fo und he re will he lp yo u c o nfig ure e a c h o f yo ur c o mp ute rs to
c o mmunic a te with the Co mp e x MRL21E.
> For Compute rs that will be c onne c te d to the Fast Ethe rne t via
c able s:
The first ste p is to ma ke sure the PC g e ts a n IP a d d re ss tha t it will use to c o mmunic a te with
the mo d e m ro ute r a nd with o the r PCs a c ro ss the ne two rk. Yo u c a n b e g in b y se tting up
yo ur PC to func tio n a s a DHCP c lie nt, c o nfig uring its ne two rk se tting s to o b ta in a n IP
a d d re ss a uto ma tic a lly fro m Co mp e x MRL21E. Alte rna tive ly, yo u ma y wa nt to g ive yo ur PC
a sta tic IP a d d re ss if yo u a re a n e xp e rt use r.
Whe the r yo u c ho o se to a llo c a te sta tic o r d yna mic IP se tting s, the ne xt fe w p a g e s will wa lk
yo u thro ug h the p e rfo rma nc e o f this TCP/ IP c o nfig ura tio n in a ste p -b y-ste p p ro c e ss. Yo u
ma y skip to Pa rt 1(a ), (b ), (c ) o r (d ) a c c o rd ing to the Mic ro so ft Wind o ws o p e ra ting syste m
yo u use . Ple a se e nsure tha t yo u ha ve a n Ethe rne t o r wire le ss a d a p te r (a lso kno wn a s a
ne two rk a d a p te r) suc c e ssfully insta lle d in e a c h PC yo u a re c o nfig uring .
Important: By d e fa ult, Wind o ws 98SE, ME, 2000 a nd XP
!
ha ve the TCP/ IP p ro to c o l insta lle d a nd se t to o b ta in a n
IP a d d re ss a uto ma tic a lly.
6
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
Part 1(a): Configuring your PC to Dynamically obtain an IP address?
If you are using Mic rosoft Windows 98SE or Windows Mille nnium
a
1.
Clic k the Start b utto n. Se le c t Settings
a nd c lic k the Control Panel ic o n.
The n d o ub le -c lic k the Network ic o n.
Yo u will se e the Ne two rk d ia lo g o n
the rig ht.
2.
On the Configuration ta b , hig hlig ht
the TCP/ IP line c o rre sp o nd ing to yo ur
Ethe rne t a d a p te r a nd c lic k o n the
Properties
b utto n.
b ro ug ht to
the
Yo u
will
be
TCP/ IP Properties
p a g e b e lo w.
3. Clic k o n the IP Address ta b , a nd
se le c t
Obtain
an
IP
address
automatically.
4. Ne xt, c lic k the Gateway ta b , a nd
ve rify tha t the Installed Gateway fie ld
is b la nk. No w, c lic k the OK b utto n
5. On the Ne two rk d ia lo g p a g e , c lic k o n
the OK b utto n.
6.
Wind o ws ma y a sk yo u to re sta rt the PC, if so , c lic k the Yes b utto n a nd a llo w the PC
to re sta rt. If no t, re sta rt the PC to c o mp le te the c o nfig ura tio n.
7
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
Part 1(b): Configuring your PC to Dynamically obtain an IP
address?
If you are using Mic rosoft Windows 2000 or Windows XP
b
1.
Clic k the Start b utto n. Se le c t
Settings a nd c lic k the Control
Panel ic o n. The n d o ub le -c lic k
the
Network
and
Dial-up
Connection (Wind o ws 2000) o r
Network Connection (Wind o ws
XP) ic o n.
2.
Do ub le -c lic k the
Local Area
Connection ic o n fo r the Ethe rne t
a d a p te r
a p p lic a b le
to
yo ur
Inte rne t c o nne c tio n, a nd c lic k
the Properties b utto n. Yo u will
b e b ro ug ht to the d ia lo g p a g e
b e lo w.
3.
On the General ta b , ma ke sure the
b o x ne xt to Internet Protocol (TCP/ IP) is
c he c ke d .
The n
hig hlig ht
Protocol
(TCP/ IP),
a nd
Properties b utto n.
8
Internet
c lic k
the
Chapter 4
4.
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
Se le c t Obtain an IP address
automatically.
The n c lic k the OK b utto n o n this
p a g e , a nd the OK b utto n o n the
p re vio us p a g e it re turns yo u to .
9
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
eX p Part
t 1(c): Configuring your PC with a Static IP address?
If you are using Mic rosoft Windows 98SE or Windows Mille nnium
c
1.
To
b e g in
the
Sta tic
IP a d d re ss
c o nfig ura tio n, fo llo w ste p s 1 & 2 o f
Pa rt 1(a ) to g e t to the p a g e o n the
rig ht.
2.
Clic k o n the IP Address ta b . The n
typ e in a n IP address a nd Subnet
Mask
of
192.168.1.X
a nd
255.255.255.0 re sp e c tive ly, whe re X is
a ny numb e r fro m 2 to 254.
(No te tha t the de fa ult IP a ddre ss o f the
Co mp e x MRL21E is 192.168.1.1)
3. Ne xt, c lic k the Gateway ta b to se e the
d ia lo g p a g e o n the le ft.
4. Und e r the New Gateway fie ld , ke y in
the IP a d d re ss o f the Co mp e x MRL21E
whe re its d e fa ult is 192.168.1.1. Fo llo w
up b y c lic king the Add b utto n.
10
Chapter 4
5.
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
No w, se le c t the DNS Configuration
ta b a nd o n the p a g e yo u se e , se le c t
Enable DNS. Typ e in a p re fe rre d
na me a s the Host. The n, fo llo w tha t
up b y ke ying in the IP a d d re ss o f yo ur
DNS Se rve r in the DNS Server Search
Order fie ld a nd p re ss the Add b utto n.
6.
Yo u c a n c o mp le te the se t up b y
c lic king the OK b utto n, a nd the n
re sta rting the c o mp ute r.
Important: Fo r the ste p s, yo u sho uld no t c o nfig ure mo re
!
tha n o ne c o mp ute r with the IP a d d re ss o r the sa me ho st
na me within a ne two rk. This will re sult in a c o nflic t.
The DNS Se rve r? s IP a d d re ss re q uire d in ste p 5 sho uld b e
p ro vid e d b y yo ur Inte rne t Se rvic e Pro vid e r (ISP). If yo u
a re unsure a b o ut it, p le a se c o nta c t yo ur ISP.
eX p Part
t 1(d): Configuring your PC with a Static IP address?
If you are using Mic rosoft Windows 2000 or Windows XP
d
1.
To
b e g in
the
Sta tic
IP a d d re ss
c o nfig ura tio n, fo llo w ste p s 1, 2 & 3 o f
Pa rt 1(b ) to g e t to the p a g e o n the
rig ht.
2.
Se le c t Use the following IP address,
a nd the n ke y in 192.168.1.X fo r the IP
address fie ld , whe re X is a ny numb e r
fro m 2 to 254. Fo llo wing tha t, e nte r
255.255.255.0 fo r the Subnet mask,
a nd ke y in the IP a d d re ss o f the
Co mp e x MRL21E a s the
Default
gateway.
11
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
(No te tha t the d e fa ult IP a d d re ss o f the
Co mp e x MRL21E is 192.168.1.1)
3.
No w se le c t Use the following DNS
server addresses, a nd the n ke y in the
IP a d d re ss o f yo ur DNS se rve r in the
Preferred DNS server field. Fina lly,
c lic k the OK b utto n to c o mp le te .
Co mp le ting Pa rt 1, we ha ve se t up o ur PCs. We will no w b e re a d y to d isc uss b o th the
Ba sic a nd Ad va nc e d se tup o f the mo d e m ro ute r c o nfig ura tio ns to g o o nline !
4.1.2
Basic Modem Router Setup
In this p o rtio n o n the b a sic se t up , yo u will find info rma tio n o n ho w yo u ma y c o nfig ure the
Co mp e x MRL21E to func tio n in yo ur ne two rk, to a c c e ss the Inte rne t a nd b e g in sha ring the
c o nne c tio n with yo ur wire d a nd wire le ss c lie nts. Ple a se no te tha t o ur e xa mp le s use the
d e fa ult se tting s o f the mo d e m ro ute r.
Part 2: Getting Ready to go Online!
Ac c e ssing the Basic We b-base d Configuration Inte rfac e
1.
Co nne c t to
typ ing
the
ro ute r b y
http :/ / www.192.168.1.1
in the a d d re ss fie ld o f yo ur
Inte rne t b ro wse r.
2.
The
Connect to
wind o w
192.168.1.1
a p p e a rs.
Whe n
p ro mp te d , e nte r admin fo r the
use r na me , a nd password fo r
the
p a sswo rd . Bo th o f the
e ntrie s must b e in lo we rc a se
le tte rs.
3.
Clic k OK to lo g in.
12
Chapter 4
4.
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
Afte r lo g g ing in, yo u will se e
the
b a sic
we b -b a se d
c o nfig ura tio n me nu b e lo w:
Yo u c a n d o ub le -c lic k the hyp e rlinks o n the le ft sid e o f the we b -b a se d c o nfig ura tio n me nu
to a c c e ss the fe a ture s b e lo w:
13
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
Device Info:
Clic king o n the Device Info hyp e rlink, the Device Info p a g e (a s sho wn o n the rig ht sid e o f
the b ro wse r) p ro vid e s yo u a q uic k o ve rvie w o f the ne two rk se tting s. This is a use ful
summa ry o f the o p e ra ting p a ra me te rs yo u ha ve a p p lie d to the ro ute r.
The Device Info p a g e re ve a ls the Co mp e x MRL21E se tting s tha t yo u ha ve e xe c ute d .
14
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
DSLStatus:
Clic king o n the DSLStatus hyp e rlink, the DSLStatus p a g e (a s sho wn o n the rig ht sid e o f the
b ro wse r) p ro vid e s with yo u a q uic k o ve rvie w o f the DSLStatus o f the ro ute r.
The DSLStatus p a g e re ve a ls the DSL info rma tio n o f Co mp e x MRL21E.
WAN:
Clic king o n the WAN hyp e rlink, the Wide Area Network (WAN) Setup p a g e a llo ws yo u to
g la nc e a t the summa ry o f the ro ute r? s WAN se tting s a nd to c o nfig ure o the r WAN
p a ra me te rs.
15
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
LAN:
Clic king o n the LAN hyp e rlink, the LAN Setup p a g e a llo ws yo u to c o nfig ure o the r LAN
p a ra me te rs.
Password:
Clic king o n the Password hyp e rlink, the Password p a g e a llo ws yo u to c ha ng e yo ur
p a sswo rd s fo r b e tte r se c urity.
16
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
DSLSettings:
Clic king o n the DSL Settings hyp e rlink, the DSL Settings p a g e a llo ws yo u to c o nfig ure the
DSL se tting s tha t yo u will a p p ly to yo ur ro ute r.
Reboot:
Clic king o n the Reboot hyp e rlink, the p a g e o n the rig ht se rve s a n imp o rta nt func tio n so
tha t c ha ng e s ma d e to the se tting s b e c o me e ffe c tive . Clic king Sa ve / Re b o o t d o e s this.
The Restore Default Settings fe a ture b uilt into the Co mp e x MRL21E a llo ws yo u to re turn a ll
the
se tting s
of
the
d e vic e
to
the ir o rig ina l va lue s.
c usto miza tio n/ c ha ng e s yo u ha ve ma d e will the n b e e ra se d .
17
Ple a se
no te
tha t
a ny
Chapter 4
4.2
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
WAN CONFIGURATION BASIC SETUP
The Co mp e x MRL21E ha s b e e n p re -c o nfig ure d b a se d o n the VCI/ VPI ta b le b e lo w:
Link Name
VPI
VCI
p vc _0_32
0
32
p vc _8_35
8
35
p vc _0_35
0
35
p vc _8_81
8
81
The d e fa ult WAN c o nne c tio n typ e mo d e is b rid g e e nc a p sula tio n. Fo r the b rid g e mo d e ,
the re is no ne e d to c o nfig ure mo re p a ra me te rs. Ho we ve r, the third p a rty d ia l-up so ftwa re
is ne e d e d fo r c o nne c tio n with the Inte rne t.
Co mp e x MRL21E sup p o rts 5 p ro to c o ls: PPPo A, PPPo E, MER, IPo A a nd Brid g ing .
Yo ur ISP sho uld p ro vid e yo u with the fo llo wing info rma tio n to a llo w yo u to c o rre c tly
c o nfig ure yo ur Inte rne t c o nne c tio n:
?
VPI/ VCI
?
WAN c o nne c tio n typ e
?
Enc a p sula tio n mo d e
?
Authe ntic a tio n Me tho d (fo r PPPo E/ PPPo A)
18
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
Fo llo w the c o mmo n ste p s d e sc rib e d in Se c tio n 4.2.1 b e lo w to se le c t yo ur Inte rne t
c o nne c tio n typ e . The n mo ve o n to Se c tio n 4.2.2 fo r Brid g ing WAN typ e , to Se c tio n 4.2.3
fo r PPPo E WAN typ e , a nd the n to Se c tio n 4.2.4 fo r MER WAN typ e .
4.2.1 Using the Configuration Guide
1.
Clic k o n the WAN hyp e rlink o n the le ft
sid e o f the b ro wse r. The Wide Area
Network (WAN) Setup p a g e le ts yo u
d e fine
a
ma ximum
of
fo ur
c o nne c tio ns in the ta b le list. To se t up
a
c o nne c tio n
with
yo ur Inte rne t
a c c o unt se tting s, se le c t a ny o f the
e xisting 4 c o nne c tio ns a nd c lic k o n
Edit.
2.
To e d it the se le c te d c o nne c tio n, c lic k
o n the
c o rre sp o nd ing
Edit b utto n
und e r the Edit c o lumn. The n the ATM
PVC Se tup p a g e a p p e a rs, d isp la ying
the VPI a nd VCI fie ld s. Yo u c a n e d it
the se va lue s to se t tho se p ro vid e d b y
yo ur ISP. Afte r tha t, c lic k Next.
3.
The Connection Type p a g e a p p e a rs
sho wing yo u the five o p tio ns to se le c t.
The
d e fa ult
c o nne c tio n
typ e
is
Brid g ing .
Note: So me c o nne c tio n line s ne e d yo u to se le c t e ithe r
!
LLC o r VC a s the e nc a p sula tio n mo d e . Ple a se c o nta c t
yo ur ISP in c a se o f d o ub ts.
19
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
4.2.2 Selecting RFC1483 Bridging for Connection Type
1.
In
the
Connection
Type
page ,
se le c t the Bridging mo d e a nd the
Encapsulation Mode. To p ro c e e d ,
c lic k Next.
2.
Sp e c ify the
Service
Name, a nd
se le c t the Enable Service. The n c lic k
Next to
p ro c e e d with the
WAN
c o nfig ura tio n.
3.
If yo u ne e d to mo d ify the re q uire d
p a ra me te r, c lic k Back to e d it it.
Othe rwise , c lic k Save to sa ve the
c o nfig ura tio n.
20
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
4.2.3 Selecting PPPoE or PPPoA for Connection Type
PPPo E is a lso kno wn a s RFC 2516. It is a me tho d o f e nc a p sula ting PPP p a c ke ts o ve r
Ethe rne t. PPPo A (a lso kno wn a s RFC2364) re fe rs to Pe e r-to -Pe e r Pro to c o l o ve r ATM.
Simila rly to PPPo E, it a lso ma ke s use o f PPP b ut it is b a se d o n ATM p ro to c o l. The se tup
p ro c e d ure fo r PPPo E a nd PPPo A is simila r. So we will intro d uc e o nly PPPo E in the e xa mp le
b e lo w:
1.
In the Connection Type p a g e , c lic k
the ra d io b utto n ne xt to PPP over
Ethernet (PPPoE) a nd
se le c t the
Encapsulation Mode re c o mme nd e d
b y yo ur ISP. The n c lic k Next.
2.
The PPP Username and Password
page
a p p e a rs,
sho wing
the
fo llo wing p a ra me te rs:
PPP Ac c ount:
Ente r yo ur Inte rne t a c c o unt use r
na me .
Password:
This is yo ur a c c o unt p a sswo rd .
PPPoE Se rvic e Name :
This is the na me o f yo ur ISP. (It is
o p tio na l).
Authe ntic ation Mode :
Se le c t the
Authe ntic a tio n
mo d e
use d b y yo ur ISP. The d e fa ult mo d e
is AUTO.
Tic k the c he c kb o x ne xt to Dial on
demand(with idle timeout timer).
21
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
Dial on de mand (with idle time out time r):
Whe n this mo d e is se le c te d , the Inte rne t c o nne c tio n will b e a uto ma tic a lly
d isc o nne c te d if the re is no Inte rne t a c tivity fro m the LAN within the a ssig ne d
Inactivity Timeout (e g . 1 minute ). The c o nne c tio n will b e a c tiva te d a g a in whe n
Inte rne t re q ue sts a re d e te c te d . This func tio n is a d va nta g e o us fo r use rs who a re
c ha rg e d fo r the time sp e nt o nline .
Inac tivity Time out:
If ? Dia l o n d e ma nd ? is se le c te d , this inp ut b o x a p p e a rs to le t yo u e nte r the ma ximum
id le time a fte r whic h the c o nne c tio n will d e a c tiva te in the a b se nc e o f tra ffic . If the
va lue is 0, yo u will a lwa ys re ma in o nline .
The n c lic k Next to p ro c e e d .
4.
Sp e c ify the
Service
Name, a nd
se le c t the Enable Service. The n c lic k
Next to
p ro c e e d with the
WAN
c o nfig ura tio n.
Ta ke no te tha t the PPPo E mo d e
d o e s no t wo rk unle ss yo u re b o o t the
ADSL mo d e m.
5.
Clic k Save to sa ve the c o nfig ura tio n.
If yo u ne e d to mo d ify the re q uire d
p a ra me te r, c lic k Back to e d it it.
22
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
4.2.4 Selecting MER or IPoA for Connection Type
The se tup p ro c e d ure fo r MER a nd IPo A is simila r. So we will intro d uc e o nly MER in the
e xa mp le b e lo w:
1.
In the Connection Type p a g e , c lic k
the ra d io b utto n ne xt to the MAC
Encapsulation Routing (MER) mo d e
a nd
se le c t
the
c o rre c t
Encapsulation Mode. To p ro c e e d ,
c lic k Next.
2.
The
WAN
d isp la ye d .
page
IP Settings
Ente r
the
is
re q uire d
p a ra me te rs:
(a ).
Se le c t Obtain an IP address
automatically
if
yo ur
ISP
a uto ma tic a lly a ssig ns yo ur IP
a d d re ss. If no t, se le c t Use the
following IP address: to e nte r
the WAN IP Address a nd the
WAN Subnet Mask p ro vid e d
b y yo ur ISP.
(b ). Se le c t Obtain default gateway
automatically
a uto ma tic a lly
if
yo ur
issue s
the
ISP
IP
a d d re ss o f the g a te wa y o r
se le c t Use the following default
gateway:
to
e nte r the
IP
a d d re ss in the Use IP Address
fie ld a nd se le c t a va lue fro m
the
Use
WAN
Interface
d ro p d o wn list.
23
Chapter 4
(c ).
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
Se le c t
Obtain
addresses
DNS
server
automatically
if
yo ur ISP a uto ma tic a lly issue s
yo ur DNS Se rve r IP a d d re ss.
Othe rwise ,
se le c t
following
Use
DNS
addresses: to
the
server
e nte r the
IP
a d d re sse s o f the Primary DNS
server a nd o f the Secondary
DNS server p ro vid e d b y yo ur
ISP.
4.
Onc e the c o nfig ura tio n is finishe d ,
c lic k Next to p ro c e e d .
5.
Sp e c ify the
Service
Name, a nd
se le c t the Enable Service. The n c lic k
Next to
p ro c e e d with the
WAN
c o nfig ura tio n.
6.
Clic k Save to sa ve the c o nfig ura tio n.
If yo u ne e d to mo d ify the re q uire d
p a ra me te r, c lic k Back to e d it it.
24
Chapter 4
4.3
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
LAN CONFIGURATION BASIC SETUP
As a ne two rk d e vic e , ADSL Mo d e m ha s its o wn IP a d d re ss a nd MAC a d d re ss. The
Co mp e x MRL21E is se t to a d e fa ult IP a d d re ss o f 192.168.1.1 a nd the d e fa ult sub ne t ma sk
o f 255.255.255.0. The use r c a n c o nfig ure the se a d d re sse s thro ug h the LAN c o nfig ura tio n
a s sho wn b e lo w.
4.3.1 Configuring IP Address
1.
Clic k LAN o n the le ft sid e o f the
b ro wse r. The LAN Setup p a g e will
a p p e a r, p ro mp ting yo u to e d it IP
Address a nd Subnet Mask.
2.
The n
c lic k
Save
to
e ffe c t
this
c o nfig ura tio n.
Ple a se ta ke no te tha t if yo u c ha ng e the IP
Ad d re ss, yo u must re b o o t the mo d e m a nd
use the ne w IP a d d re ss to lo g in.
25
Chapter 4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
4.3.2 Configuring DHCP Setting
1.
Clic k LAN o n the le ft sid e o f the
b ro wse r. The n the LAN Setup p a g e
a p p e a rs so tha t yo u c a n g o to DHCP
Server, a nd se t the se rve r to Enable.
2.
Ente r the ra ng e o f IP a d d re sse s tha t
c a n b e a ssig ne d b y the DHCP se rve r
in the Start IP Address a nd End IP
Address fie ld s. Fo r e xa mp le , fro m
10.10.10.11 to 10.10.10.254.
3.
Ne xt e nte r the numb e r o f ho urs d uring
whic h the IP a d d re ss a ssig ne d b y the
DHCP se rve r will re ma in va lid in the
Leased Time fie ld . Fo r e xa mp le , 2.
4.
The n
c lic k
Save
to
e ffe c t
this
c o nfig ura tio n.
26
Chapter 4
4.4
Let?s Get Going-Software Setup
PASSWORD CONFIGURATION
Whe n yo u c o nfig ure the ADSL mo d e m thro ug h a n Inte rne t b ro wse r, the syste m re q uire s
yo u to e nte r yo ur use r na me a nd p a sswo rd to va lid a te yo ur a c c e ss p e rmissio n. By d e fa ult,
the use rna me is se t to ? admin? a nd the p a sswo rd
unc ha ng e d .
4.4.1 Configuring Password
1.
Clic k the Password hyp e rlink o n the
le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. Und e r the
Password
page ,
e nte r
the
o ld
p a sswo rd a nd the ne w p a sswo rd (
twic e to c o nfirm).
2.
The n c lic k Save/ Apply to e ffe c t this
c o nfig ura tio n.
Ple a se re me mb e r the p a sswo rd a fte r yo u
ha ve c ha ng e d it o the rwise yo u will no t b e
a b le to a c c e ss the we b inte rfa c e me nu.
27
to ? password?. The use rna me re ma ins
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
CHAPTER 5: ADVANCED CONFIGURATION
5.1
DETAILED CONFIGURATION
This p a rt o f the se tup fo r the Co mp e x MRL21E is me a nt fo r the a d va nc e d use r who
re q uire s mo re tha n the e sse ntia l info rma tio n to se t up a wire d / wire le ss ne two rk
infra struc ture . Ad o p ting a to p -d o wn a p p ro a c h to e xp la in the fe a ture s fo und o n the
mo d e m ro ute r, wha t fo llo ws is a d e ta ile d wa lkthro ug h o f the c o nfig ura b le se tting s
a va ila b le within the we b -b a se d a d ministra tio n me nu:
No te tha t we will illustra te using the d e fa ult se tting s o f the Co mp e x MRL21E.
5.1.1 Advanced Setup
Op e n
the
b ro wse r
a nd
http:/ / 192.168.1.1/ main.html
ke y
at
in
the
a d d re ss b a r o f the Inte rne t b ro wse r.
The
Connect to
192.168.1.1
wind o w
a p p e a rs. Ke y in admin fo r the use r na me
a nd password fo r the p a sswo rd . Bo th
must b e c a se -se nsitive . The n c lic k OK.
Ple a se re me mb e r the p a sswo rd a fte r yo u
ha ve c ha ng e d it o the rwise yo u will no t
b e a b le to a c c e ss the we b inte rfa c e
me nu.
28
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
Afte r lo g g ing in, yo u will b e g re e te d b y the we b -b a se d c o nfig ura tio n me nu p a g e b e lo w:
Ho we ve r, if yo u ha ve se t PPPo E a s the WAN c o nne c tio n typ e , a nd e na b le d NAT, yo u will
se e tha t a d iffe re nt c o nfig ura tio n me nu p a g e a p p e a rs with NAT a nd its a d d itio na l
fe a ture s a s sho wn b e lo w:
29
Chapter 5
5.2
Advanced Configuration
VIRTUALSERVERS
Virtua l Se rve r a llo ws yo u to d ire c t inc o ming tra ffic fro m the WAN sid e (id e ntifie d b y
Pro to c o l a nd Exte rna l p o rt) to a n Inte rna l PC with a p riva te IP a d d re ss o n the LAN. Yo u a re
no t re q uire d to sp e c ify the Inte rna l p o rt unle ss the e xte rna l p o rt ne e d s to b e c o nve rte d to
a d iffe re nt p o rt numb e r use d b y the se rve r o n the LAN. A ma ximum o f 32 NAT virtua l
se rve r e ntrie s c a n b e c o nfig ure d .
5.2.1 Setting up Virtual Servers
1.
Clic k the NAT hyp e rlink o n the le ft
sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t Virtual
The n
Servers.
the
NAT-Virtual
Servers Setup p a g e sho ws up .
2.
To se t up a ne w virtua l se rve r, c lic k
Add. In the
NAT-Virtual Servers
p a g e , yo u c a n se t up a Virtua l
Se rve r fo r a Kno wn Se rve r typ e b y
se le c ting a se rvic e fro m the d ro p d o wn me nu OR yo u c a n d e fine a
Custom Server.
3.
As a n e xa mp le , if yo u wa nt to se t
up a we b se rve r o n a PC with LAN
IP a d d re ss o f 192.168.1.55, se le c t
HTTP
as
192.168.1.55
service
as
a nd
the
e nte r
server
IP
Address. O the rwise if the se rvic e
yo u wa nt to se t up is no t a va ila b le
fro m
the
Select
a
Service
d ro p d o wn list, yo u c a n d e fine yo ur
o wn virtua l se rve r thus:
Custom Se rve r:
De fine a na me fo r the se rve r typ e yo u
wish to c o nfig ure .
30
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
Se rve r IP Addre ss:
Ke y in the LAN IP a d d re ss o f the PC yo u
wish to se t up a s virtua l se rve r.
Exte rnal Port Start a nd Exte rnal Port End:
Sp e c ify
the
p o rt/ the
ra ng e
of
p o rt
numb e rs use d b y this se rvic e
Protoc ol:
Se le c t fro m the d ro p -d o wn list whe the r
yo u a re using TCP o r UDP p ro to c o l typ e .
Inte rnal Port Start a nd Inte rnal Port End:
Ke y in the re le va nt va lue (s) if the e xte rna l
p o rt/ ra ng e
of
p o rts
c o nve rte d
to
a
ne e d s
to
d iffe re nt
be
p o rt
numb e r/ ra ng e o f p o rt numb e rs b e fo re
b e ing fo rwa rd e d to the LAN se rve r.
4.
Clic k o n the Save/ Apply b utto n.
5.
To d e le te a virtua l se rve r e ntry, use
Remove
to
d e le te
the
c o rre sp o nd ing virtua l se rve r e ntry
fro m the ta b le list.
31
Chapter 5
5.3
Advanced Configuration
PORTTRIGGERING
So me a p p lic a tio ns re q uire tha t the re mo te p a rtie s o p e n sp e c ific p o rts in the Co mp e x
MRL21E? s fire wa ll fo r a c c e ss. Fo r insta nc e , a ssuming a n a p p lic a tio n use s p o rt 25 fo r
re q ue sts a nd p o rt 113 fo r re p lie s. If a PC o n the LAN c o nne c ts to p o rt 25 o n a re mo te
se rve r ho sting this a p p lic a tio n, using p o rt trig g e ring o n the Co mp e x MRL21E, inc o ming
c o nne c tio ns to p o rt 113 ( fro m the re mo te se rve r) c o uld b e re d ire c te d to the PC tha t
initia te d the re q ue st. A ma ximum o f 32 p o rt-trig g e ring e ntrie s c a n b e c o nfig ure d .
5.3.1 Setting up Port Triggering
1.
Clic k the NAT hyp e rlink o n the le ft
sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t Port
Triggering.
The n
the
NAT-Port
Triggering Setup p a g e sho ws up .
2.
To se t up a ne w p o rt, c lic k Add. In
the NAT-Po rt Trig g e ring p a g e , yo u
c a n se t up a p o rt trig g e ring e ntry fo r
a
kno wn
a p p lic a tio n
typ e
by
se le c ting a n a p p lic a tio n fro m the
d ro p d o wn me nu OR yo u c a n d e fine
a c usto m a p p lic a tio n thus:
Custom Applic ation:
De fine the na me o f the a p p lic a tio n fo r
whic h
yo u
wish
to
c o nfig ure
p o rt
trig g e ring .
Trigge r Port Start a nd Trigge r Port End:
De fine the p o rt/ ra ng e o f p o rts fo r the
o utg o ing c o nne c tio ns tha t will c a use the
trig g e r.
Trigge r Protoc ol:
De fine the p ro to c o l typ e fo r the trig g e r
p o rt.
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Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
Ope n Port Start: a nd Ope n Port End:
De fine the p o rt/ ra ng e o f p o rts to b e le ft
o p e n fo r the inc o ming c o nne c tio ns , in
re p ly to the trig g e r.
Ope n Protoc ol:
De fine the p ro to c o l typ e fo r the o p e n
p o rt.
3.
The n c lic k Save/ Apply to sa ve yo ur
c ha ng e s.
4.
This Remove b utto n is use d to d e le te
the p o rt trig g e ring e ntry fro m the
ta b le list.
33
Chapter 5
5.4
Advanced Configuration
DMZ HOST
The Co mp e x MRL21E will fo rwa rd IP p a c ke ts fro m the WAN tha t d o no t b e lo ng to a ny o f
the a p p lic a tio ns c o nfig ure d in the Virtua l Se rve rs ta b le to the DMZ ho st c o mp ute r.
5.4.1 Setting up a DMZ Host
1.
Clic k the NAT hyp e rlink o n the le ft
sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t DMZ
Host. The n the NAT-DMZ Host Setup
p a g e sho ws up d isp la ying the b la nk
DMZ Host IP Address.
2.
Ente r the LAN IP a d d re ss o f the PC
yo u wish to se t a s DMZ ho st.
3.
Clic k Save/ Apply.
If yo u ne e d to d isa b le the DMZ ho st, just
c le a r the DMZ Host IP Address fie ld ,
fo llo we d b y c lic king Save/ Apply.
Note: DMZ a llo ws the ho st to e xp o se a ll its p o rts to the
!
Inte rne t. The DMZ ho st is thus vulne ra b le to ma lic io us
a tta c ks fro m the Inte rne t.
34
Chapter 5
5.5
Advanced Configuration
IP FILTERING
The Co mp e x MRL21E sup p o rts IP Filte ring , whic h a llo ws yo u to e a sily se t up rule s to c o ntro l
inc o ming a nd o utg o ing Inte rne t tra ffic . The MRL21E p ro vid e s two typ e s o f IP filte ring :
?
Outgoing IP Filtering:
By d e fa ult, Co mp e x MRL21E a llo ws a ll o utg o ing Inte rne t tra ffic fro m the LAN b ut b y se tting
up Outgoing IP Filtering rule s, yo u c a n b lo c k so me use rs a nd / o r a p p lic a tio ns fro m
a c c e ssing the Inte rne t.
?
Incoming IP Filtering:
By d e fa ult, whe n NAT is e na b le d , a ll inc o ming IP tra ffic fro m WAN is b lo c ke d e xc e p t fo r
re sp o nse s to re q ue sts fro m the LAN. Ho we ve r, so me inc o ming tra ffic fro m the Inte rne t c a n
b e a c c e p te d b y se tting up Incoming IP Filtering rule s.
5.5.1 Configuring an Outgoing IP Filtering Rule
1.
Clic k the Security hyp e rlink o n the
le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t IP
Filtering a nd the n Outgoing. The n
the Outgoing IP Filtering Setup p a g e
sho ws up .
2.
To c re a te a ne w o utg o ing IP filte r,
c lic k
Add.
The
Add
IP Filter-
Outgoing p a g e is d isp la ye d . Ke y in
the fo llo wing p a ra me te rs:
Filte r Name :
Ke y in the na me o f the filte r rule .
Protoc ol:
Se le c t the IP p ro to c o l to b lo c k.
Sourc e Addre ss/ Mask:
Ente r the IP a d d re ss o f the PC o n the
LAN to b lo c k.
35
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
Sourc e Port:
Ente r the p o rt numb e r use d b y the
a p p lic a tio n to b lo c k.
De stination Addre ss/ Mask:
Ente r the IP a d d re ss o f the re mo te se rve r
to whic h c o nne c tio n sho uld b e b lo c ke d .
De stination Port:
Ente r the d e stina tio n p o rt numb e r use d
b y the a p p lic a tio n to b lo c k.
3.
Clic k Save/ Apply to sa ve this rule .
The ne w rule will the n b e d isp la ye d
in the Outgoing IP Filtering ta b le list.
4.
To d e le te the rule , c lic k the Remove
c he c kb o x ne xt to the se le c te d rule ,
a nd c lic k Remove.
36
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
5.5.2 Configuring an Incoming IP Filtering Rule
1. Clic k the Security hyp e rlink o n the le ft
sid e
o f the
b ro wse r to
se le c t IP
Filtering a nd the n Incoming. The n the
Incoming IP Filtering Setup p a g e
sho ws up .
2.
To c re a te a ne w inc o ming IP filte r,
c lic k Add. The Add IP Filter-Incoming
page
is
d isp la ye d .
Ente r
the
re q uire d p a ra me te rs.
Filte r Name :
Ke y in the na me o f the filte r rule .
Protoc ol:
Se le c t the IP p ro to c o l to a llo w.
Sourc e Addre ss/ Mask:
Ente r the IP a d d re ss o f the re mo te se rve r
fro m whic h to a llo w c o nne c tio n.
Sourc e Port:
Ente r the p o rt numb e r use d b y the
a p p lic a tio n to a llo w.
De stination Addre ss/ Mask:
Ente r the IP a d d re ss o f the PC o n the LAN
to whic h c o nne c tio n is a llo we d .
De stination Port:
Ente r the d e stina tio n p o rt numb e r use d
b y the a p p lic a tio n to a llo w
3.
Clic k Save/ Apply to sa ve this rule .
The ne w rule will the n b e d isp la ye d
in the Incoming IP Filtering ta b le list.
4.
To d e le te the rule , c lic k the Remove c he c kb o x ne xt to the se le c te d rule , a nd c lic k
Remove.
37
Chapter 5
5.6
Advanced Configuration
MAC FILTERING
MAC Filte ring a c ts a s a se c urity me a sure b y c o ntro lling the use rs who c a n a c c e ss the
ne two rk. Ad d ing the use r? s MAC a d d re ss to the MAC filte r listing c a n e a sily d o this. Yo u
c a n the n c ho o se whe the r the use rs in the list a re a llo we d to a c c e ss to the ne two rk o r no t
b y c lic king o n the Change Policy b utto n a nd se le c ting BLOCKED o r FORWARDED
re sp e c tive ly.
5.6.1 Configuring a MAC Filtering Rule
1.
Clic k the Security hyp e rlink o n the
le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t
MAC
Filtering.
The n
the
MAC
Filtering Setup p a g e sho ws up .
2.
To c re a te a ne w MAC filte r rule , c lic k Add. The ke y se tting s a re e nte re d :
38
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
The ke y se tting s fo r a d d ing a ne w MAC filte r a re e xp la ine d :
Option
Protoc ol Type :
Description
It is the id e ntifie r fo r the p ro to c o l fa mily.
The p ro to c o l typ e is re q uire d to tra nsla te the mo d e m? s IP
a d d re ss to
its MAC a d d re ss. The re a re se ve ra l typ e s o f
p ro to c o l to se le c t fro m:
?
Apple Talk:
De ve lo p e d b y Ap p le Co mp ute r in the 1980, Ap p le Ta lk? s
p urp o se wa s to a llo w multip le use rs to sha re re so urc e s suc h
a s file s a nd p rinte rs. Ap p le Ta lk is a multi-la ye re d p ro to c o l
fo r Ap p le
Co mp ute rs p ro vid ing
inte rne two rk ro uting ,
tra nsa c tio n a nd d a ta stre a m se rvic e , na ming se rvic e , a nd
c o mp re he nsive file a nd p rint sha ring a mo ng Ap p le syste ms
using the Lo c a lTa lk inte rfa c e b uilt into the Ap p le ha rd wa re .
Ap p le Ta lk p o rts c o mmunic a te with o the r ne two rk me d ia
suc h a s Ethe rne t b y the use o f Lo c a lTa lk to Ethe rne t
b rid g e s o r b y Ethe rne t a d d -in b o a rd s fo r Ap p le ma c hine s.
Ma ny third -p a rty a p p lic a tio ns e xist fo r the
Ap p le Ta lk
p ro to c o ls.
?
PPPoE:
PPP o ve r Ethe rne t (PPPo E) p ro vid e s the a b ility to c o nne c t a
ne two rk o f ho sts o ve r a simp le b rid g ing a c c e ss d e vic e to a
re mo te Ac c e ss Co nc e ntra to r. With this mo d e l, e a c h ho st
utilize s its o wn PPP sta c k a nd the use r is p re se nte d with a
fa milia r use r inte rfa c e . Ac c e ss c o ntro l, b illing a nd typ e o f
se rvic e c a n b e d o ne o n a p e r-use r, ra the r tha n a p e r-site ,
b a sis.
To p ro vid e a p o int-to -p o int c o nne c tio n o ve r Ethe rne t,
e a c h PPP se ssio n must le a rn the Ethe rne t a d d re ss o f the
re mo te p e e r, a s we ll a s e sta b lish a uniq ue se ssio n id e ntifie r.
PPPo E inc lud e s a d isc o ve ry p ro to c o l tha t p ro vid e s this.
39
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
PPPo E ha s two d istinc t sta g e s. The re is a Disc o ve ry sta g e
a nd a PPP Se ssio n sta g e . Whe n a Ho st wishe s to initia te a
PPPo E se ssio n, it must first p e rfo rm Disc o ve ry to id e ntify the
Ethe rne t MAC a d d re ss o f the p e e r a nd e sta b lish a PPPo E
SESSION_ID. While PPP d e fine s a p e e r-to -p e e r re la tio nship ,
Disc o ve ry is inhe re ntly a c lie nt-se rve r re la tio nship . In the
Disc o ve ry p ro c e ss, a Ho st (the c lie nt) d isc o ve rs a n Ac c e ss
Co nc e ntra to r (the se rve r). Ba se d o n the ne two rk to p o lo g y,
the re ma y b e mo re tha n o ne Ac c e ss Co nc e ntra to r tha t
the Ho st c a n c o mmunic a te with. The Disc o ve ry sta g e
a llo ws the Ho st to d isc o ve r a ll Ac c e ss Co nc e ntra to rs a nd
the n se le c t o ne . Whe n Disc o ve ry c o mp le te s suc c e ssfully,
b o th the Ho st a nd the se le c te d Ac c e ss Co nc e ntra to r ha ve
the info rma tio n the y will use to b uild the ir p o int-to -p o int
c o nne c tio n o ve r Ethe rne t. The Disc o ve ry sta g e re ma ins
sta te le ss until a PPP se ssio n is e sta b lishe d . Onc e a PPP
se ssio n is e sta b lishe d , b o th the Ho st a nd the Ac c e ss
Co nc e ntra to r MUST a llo c a te the re so urc e s fo r a PPP virtua l
inte rfa c e .
?
IPv4:
The Inte rne t Pro to c o l (IP) is a ne two rk-la ye r (La ye r 3)
p ro to c o l in the
OSI mo d e l tha t c o nta ins a d d re ssing
info rma tio n a nd so me
c o ntro l info rma tio n to
e na b le
p a c ke ts b e ing ro ute d in ne two rk. IP is the p rima ry ne two rkla ye r p ro to c o l in the TCP/ IP p ro to c o l suite . Alo ng with the
Tra nsmissio n Co ntro l Pro to c o l (TCP), IP re p re se nts the he a rt
o f the Inte rne t p ro to c o ls. IP is e q ua lly we ll suite d fo r b o th
LAN a nd WAN c o mmunic a tio ns.
IP (Inte rne t Pro to c o l) ha s two
p rima ry re sp o nsib ilitie s:
p ro vid ing c o nne c tio nle ss, b e st-e ffo rt d e live ry o f d a ta g ra ms
40
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
thro ug h a ne two rk; a nd p ro vid ing fra g me nta tio n a nd
re a sse mb ly o f d a ta g ra ms to
sup p o rt d a ta links with
d iffe re nt ma ximum-tra nsmissio n unit (MTU) size s. The IP
a d d re ssing sc he me is inte g ra l to the p ro c e ss o f ro uting IP
d a ta g ra ms thro ug h a n inte rne two rk. Ea c h IP a d d re ss ha s
sp e c ific c o mp o ne nts a nd fo llo ws a b a sic fo rma t. The se IP
a d d re sse s c a n b e
sub d ivid e d
a nd
use d
to
c re a te
a d d re sse s fo r sub ne two rks. Ea c h c o mp ute r (kno wn a s
ho st) o n a TCP/ IP ne two rk is a ssig ne d a uniq ue lo g ic a l
a d d re ss (32-b it in IPv4) tha t is d ivid e d into two ma in p a rts:
the ne two rk numb e r a nd the ho st numb e r. The ne two rk
numb e r id e ntifie s a ne two rk a nd must b e a ssig ne d b y the
Inte rne t Ne two rk Info rma tio n Ce nte r (Inte rNIC) if the
ne two rk is to b e p a rt o f the Inte rne t. An Inte rne t Se rvic e
Pro vid e r (ISP) c a n o b ta in b lo c ks o f ne two rk a d d re sse s fro m
the Inte rNIC a nd c a n itse lf a ssig n a d d re ss sp a c e a s
ne c e ssa ry. The ho st numb e r id e ntifie s a ho st o n a ne two rk
a nd is a ssig ne d b y the lo c a l ne two rk a d ministra to r.
Whe n yo u se nd o r re c e ive d a ta (fo r e xa mp le , a n e -ma il
no te o r a We b p a g e ), the me ssa g e g e ts d ivid e d into little
c hunks c a lle d p a c ke ts. Ea c h o f the se p a c ke ts c o nta ins
b o th the se nd e r? s Inte rne t a d d re ss a nd the re c e ive r? s
a d d re ss. Be c a use a me ssa g e is d ivid e d into a numb e r o f
p a c ke ts, a d iffe re nt ro ute c a n if ne c e ssa ry, se nd e a c h
p a c ke t a c ro ss the Inte rne t. Pa c ke ts c a n a rrive in a
d iffe re nt o rd e r tha n the o rd e r the y we re se nt in. The
Inte rne t Pro to c o l just d e live rs the m. It? s up to a no the r
p ro to c o l, the Tra nsmissio n Co ntro l Pro to c o l (TCP) to p ut
the m b a c k in the rig ht o rd e r.
All o the r p ro to c o ls within the TCP/ IP suite , e xc e p t ARP a nd
RARP, use IP to ro ute fra me s fro m ho st to ho st.
41
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
?
IPv6:
IPv6 is the ne w ve rsio n o f Inte rne t Pro to c o l (IP) b a se d o n
IPv4, a ne two rk-la ye r (La ye r 3) p ro to c o l tha t c o nta ins
a d d re ssing info rma tio n a nd so me
c o ntro l info rma tio n
e na b ling p a c ke ts to b e ro ute d in the ne two rk.
The re a re two b a sic IP ve rsio ns: IPv4 a nd IPv6. IPv6 is a lso
c a lle d ne xt g e ne ra tio n IP o r IPng . IPv4 a nd IPv6 a re d e multip le xe d a t the me d ia la ye r. Fo r e xa mp le , IPv6 p a c ke ts
a re c a rrie d o ve r Ethe rne t with the c o nte nt typ e 86DD
(he xa d e c ima l) inste a d o f IPv4's 0800. The IPv4 is d e sc rib e d
in se p a ra te d o c ume nts. This d o c ume nt d e sc rib e s the IPv6
d e ta ils.
IPv6 inc re a se s the IP a d d re ss size fro m 32 b its to 128 b its, to
sup p o rt mo re le ve ls o f a d d re ssing hie ra rc hy, a muc h
g re a te r numb e r o f a d d re ssa b le no d e s, a nd simp le r a uto c o nfig ura tio n o f a d d re sse s. IPv6 a d d re sse s a re e xp re sse d in
he xa d e c ima l fo rma t (b a se
16) tha t a llo ws no t o nly
nume ra ls (0-9) b ut a fe w c ha ra c te rs a s we ll (a -f). A sa mp le
IPv6 a d d re ss lo o ks like : 3ffe :ffff:100:f101:210:a 4ff:fe e 3:9566.
Sc a la b ility o f multic a st a d d re sse s is intro d uc e d . A ne w typ e
o f a d d re ss c a lle d a n a nyc a st a d d re ss is a lso d e fine d , to
se nd a p a c ke t to a ny o ne o f a g ro up o f no d e s.
Two ma jo r imp ro ve me nts in IPv6 vs. v4:
?
Imp ro ve d sup p o rt fo r e xte nsio ns a nd o p tio ns - IPv6
o p tio ns a re p la c e d in se p a ra te he a d e rs tha t a re
lo c a te d b e twe e n the IPv6 he a d e r a nd the tra nsp o rt
la ye r he a d e r. Cha ng e s in the wa y IP he a d e r o p tio ns
a re e nc o d e d to a llo w mo re e ffic ie nt fo rwa rd ing , le ss
42
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
string e nt limits o n the le ng th o f o p tio ns, a nd g re a te r
fle xib ility fo r intro d uc ing ne w o p tio ns in the future .
?
Flo w la b e ling c a p a b ility - A ne w c a p a b ility ha s b e e n
a d d e d to e na b le the la b e ling o f p a c ke ts b e lo ng ing
to p a rtic ula r tra ffic flo ws fo r whic h the se nd e r re q ue sts
sp e c ia l ha nd ling , suc h a s no n-d e fa ult Q ua lity o f
Se rvic e o r re a l-time se rvic e .
IPX:
It sta nd s fo r Inte rne two rk Pa c ke t Exc ha ng e . It is a p ro to c o l
use d b y No ve ll Ne twa re . Inte rne two rk Pa c ke t Exc ha ng e
(IPX) is a le g a c y ne two rk p ro to c o l use d b y the No ve ll
Ne tWa re o p e ra ting syste ms to ro ute p a c ke ts thro ug h a n
inte rne two rk. IPX is a
d a ta g ra m
p ro to c o l use d
fo r
c o nne c tio nle ss c o mmunic a tio ns ? simila r to IP (Inte rne t
Pro to c o l) in the TCP/ IP suite . Hig he r-le ve l p ro to c o ls, suc h a s
SPX a nd NCP, a re use d fo r a d d itio na l e rro r re c o ve ry
se rvic e s.
To ma ke b e st-p a th ro uting d e c isio ns, IPX use s the se rvic e s
o f a d yna mic d ista nc e ve c to r ro uting p ro to c o l suc h a s
Ro uting Info rma tio n Pro to c o l [RIP]) o r Ne tWa re Link-Sta te
Pro to c o l [NLSP]).
No ve ll IPX ne two rk a d d re sse s a re
uniq ue
a nd
a re
re p re se nte d in he xa d e c ima l fo rma t tha t c o nsist o f two
p a rts: a ne two rk numb e r a nd a no d e numb e r. The IPX
ne two rk numb e r, whic h is a ssig ne d
b y the
ne two rk
a d ministra to r, is 32 b its lo ng . The no d e numb e r, whic h
usua lly is the Me d ia Ac c e ss Co ntro l (MAC) a d d re ss fo r o ne
o f the syste m? s ne two rk inte rfa c e c a rd s (NICs), is 48 b its
lo ng . IPX? s use o f a MAC a d d re ss fo r the no d e numb e r
e na b le s the syste m to se nd no d e s to p re d ic t wha t MAC
43
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
a d d re ss to use o n a d a ta link.
?
NetBEUI:
It sta nd s fo r NetBIOS Exte nd e d Use r Inte rfa c e . It is a ne w,
e xte nd e d ve rsio n o f Ne tBIOS, the
p ro g ra m tha t le ts
c o mp ute rs c o mmunic a te within a lo c a l a re a ne two rk.
Ne tBEUI fo rma lize s the fra me fo rma t (o r a rra ng e me nt o f
info rma tio n in a d a ta tra nsmissio n) tha t wa s no t sp e c ifie d
a s p a rt o f Ne tBIOS. Ne tBEUI wa s d e ve lo p e d b y IBM fo r its
LAN Ma na g e r p ro d uc t a nd
ha s b e e n a d o p te d
by
Mic ro so ft fo r its Wind o ws NT, LAN Ma na g e r, a nd Wind o ws
fo r Wo rkg ro up s p ro d uc ts. He wle tt-Pa c ka rd a nd DEC use it
in c o mp a ra b le p ro d uc ts.
Ne tBEUI
is
the
b e st
p e rfo rma nc e
c ho ic e
fo r
c o mmunic a tio n within a sing le LAN. Be c a use , like Ne tBIOS,
it d o e s no t sup p o rt the ro uting o f me ssa g e s to o the r
ne two rks, its inte rfa c e must b e a d a p te d to o the r p ro to c o ls
suc h a s Inte rne two rk Pa c ke t Exc ha ng e
o r TCP/ IP. A
re c o mme nd e d me tho d is to insta ll b o th Ne tBEUI a nd
TCP/ IP in e a c h c o mp ute r a nd se t the se rve r up to use
Ne tBEUI fo r c o mmunic a tio n within the LAN a nd TCP/ IP
?
IGMP:
It sta nd s fo r Inte rne t Gro up Ma na g e me nt Pro to c o l. It is the
Inte rne t p ro to c o l tha t p ro vid e s a wa y fo r a n Inte rne t
c o mp ute r to re p o rt its multic a sting g ro up me mb e rship to
a d ja c e nt ro ute rs. Multic a sting a llo ws o ne c o mp ute r o n the
Inte rne t to se nd c o nte nt to multip le o the r c o mp ute rs tha t
ha ve id e ntifie d the mse lve s a s inte re ste d in re c e iving the
o rig ina ting c o mp ute r's c o nte nt. Multic a sting c a n b e use d
fo r suc h a p p lic a tio ns a s up d a ting the a d d re ss b o o ks o f
44
Chapter 5
Advanced Configuration
mo b ile c o mp ute r use rs in the fie ld , se nd ing o ut c o mp a ny
ne wsle tte rs to a d istrib utio n list, a nd "b ro a d c a sting " hig hb a nd wid th p ro g ra ms o f stre a ming me d ia to a n a ud ie nc e
tha t ha s "tune d in" b y se tting up a multic a st g ro up
me mb e rship .
De stination MAC Addre ss:
Ente r the MAC a d d re ss o f the d e stina tio n c o mp ute r whic h
a c ts a s a re c e ive r (if a ny).
Sourc e MAC Addre ss:
Ente r the MAC a d d re ss o f the so urc e c o mp ute r whic h a c ts
a s the tra nsmitting d e vic e (if a ny).
Frame Direction:
Se le c t the fra me d ire c tio n a ffe c te d b y the MAC filte r rule .
Thre e a va ila b le o p tio ns a re :
?
WAN<=>LAN
This re fe rs to the fra me s e xc ha ng e d b e twe e n the WAN
a nd LAN in b o th d ire c tio ns.
?
WAN=> LAN
This re fe rs to the fra me s d ire c te d fro m the WAN to the
LAN.
?
LAN => WAN
This re fe rs to the fra me s d ire c te d fro m the LAN to the WAN.
45
Chapter 5
3.
Advanced Configuration
Clic k Save/ Apply to
sa ve
this
se tting . The n yo u will se e the ne w
filte r rule a p p e a r in the ta b le list.
4.
To re mo ve the filte r rule , c lic k the
Remove c he c kb o x ne xt to the
se le c te d rule in the ta b le list. The n
c lic k Remove. The filte r rule will b e
d e le te d fro m the ta b le list.
5.
If yo u wish to c ha ng e the MAC
filte ring
p o lic y,
c lic k
Change
Policy.
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Chapter 5
5.7
Advanced Configuration
PARENTALCONTROL
The Pa re nta l Co ntro l he lp s c o ntro l the c hild re n? s Inte rne t usa g e b y a llo wing Inte rne t
a c c e ss o nly d uring c e rta in d a ys o r a t c e rta in time s.
5.7.1 Setting up a Parental Control Rule
1.
Clic k the Security hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t Parental Control.
The n the c o rre sp o nd ing p a g e sho ws up d isp la ying the c a le nd a r ta b le .
2.
To c re a te a ne w sc he d ule , c lic k
Add.
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Chapter 5
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The ke y se tting s fo r a d d ing a ne w Pa re nta l Co ntro l rule a re e xp la ine d :
Option
Use r Name :
Description
Ente r yo ur use r na me fo r the ne wly c re a te d p a re nta l
c o ntro l rule .
Browse r?s MAC Addre ss:
The MAC a d d re ss o f the PC yo u a re using will b e
a uto ma tic a lly d isp la ye d .
Othe r MAC Addre ss:
Ente r the MAC a d d re ss o f the o the r PC in yo ur LAN fo r
whic h yo u wa nt to re stric t Inte rne t a c c e ss.
Days of the we e k
This fe a ture a llo ws yo u to se le c t o ne o r mo re d a ys o n
Clic k to se le c t
whic h yo ur rule sho uld a p p ly.
Start Bloc king Time :
The sta rt a nd e nd b lo c king time s g ive p a re nts the to o l the y
a nd
ne e d to c o ntro l the time s o f d a y the ir c hild re n use Inte rne t
End Bloc king Time :
a nd the a mo unt o f time the y sp e nd o nline .
3.
Clic k Save/ Apply to sa ve this se tting . The n yo u will se e the ne w rule a p p e a r in the
ta b le list. To d e le te the rule , tic k the Remove c he c kb o x o f the se le c te d rule , a nd the n
c lic k Remove. The rule will b e d e le te d fro m the ta b le list.
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Chapter 5
5.8
Advanced Configuration
ROUTING
This se c tio n illustra te s the fo llo wing 3 fe a ture s:
?
Se tting up a d e fa ult g a te wa y
?
Co nfig uring sta tic ro ute s
?
Se tting up RIP fo r NAT-e na b le d ro ute r
5.8.1 Setting up a Default Gateway
1. Clic k the Routing hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t Default Gateway.
The n the Routing-Default Gateway p a g e sho ws up d isp la ying the Enable Automatic
Assigned Default Gateway c he c kb o x tha t is tic ke d b y d e fa ult.
2. If yo u d o no t wish to use the a uto ma tic a lly a ssig ne d d e fa ult g a te wa y, d isa b le the
c he c kb o x.
3. Clic k Save/ Apply to e ffe c t this se tting .
Note: If yo u wa nt to se le c t ? Enable Automatic Assigned
!
Default Gateway? , yo u will ha ve to re b o o t the MRL21E.
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Chapter 5
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If yo ur LAN c o nsists o f multip le sub ne ts a nd yo u wa nt to ma nua lly d e fine the d a ta
tra nsmitting p a ths:
5.8.2 Setting up a Static Route
1.
Clic k the Routing hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t Static Route. The n
the Routing-Static Route p a g e sho ws up .
2.
To c re a te a ne w sta tic ro ute , c lic k Add. The Routing-Static Route Add p a g e sho ws
up .
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Chapter 5
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The ke y se tting s fo r a d d ing a ne w Sta tic Ro ute a re e xp la ine d :
Option
Description
De stination Ne twork Addre ss:
Ente r the ne two rk a d d re ss to whic h the d a ta p a c ke ts
a re to b e se nt.
Subne t Mask:
Ente r the sub ne t ma sk fo r this d e stina tio n.
Use Gate way IP Addre ss:
If yo u wish to use a sp e c ific g a te wa y to re a c h the
d e stina tio n ne two rk, se le c t this c he c kb o x a nd the n
e nte r the IP a d d re ss o f the g a te wa y.
If yo u wish to use a p a rtic ula r WAN inte rfa c e , se le c t the
Use Inte rfac e :
c he c kb o x a nd se le c t the inte rfa c e .
3.
Clic k
Save/ Apply
to
e ffe c t
this
se tting . The ne w e ntry will b e a d d e d
to the ro uting ta b le list. To d e le te the
e ntry fro m the ro uting ta b le list, c lic k
o n its c o rre sp o nd ing Remove b utto n.
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5.8.3 Configuring RIP
RIP (Ro ute r Info rma tio n Pro to c o l) is d yna mic ro uting p ro to c o l tha t a llo ws Co mp e x MRL21E
to e xc ha ng e ro uting info rma tio n with o the r ro ute rs to d e te rmine o p tima l p a ths.
1.
Clic k the Routing hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t RIP. The n the
Routing-RIP Configuration p a g e sho ws up .
2.
Se le c t the inte rfa c e , e g . ppp_0_32_1 to b e e na b le d . Tic k its c o rre sp o nd ing Enabled
c he c kb o x. If yo u wa nt the Co mp e x MRL21E to tra nsmit a nd re c e ive info rma tio n with
o the r ro ute rs, se le c t Active.
In Passive mo d e , the Co mp e x MRL21E will o nly re c e ive info rma tio n fro m o the r
ro ute rs. Ne xt se le c t whic h Version to use . The RIP ve rsio n c o ntro ls the fo rma t a nd the
b ro a d c a sting me tho d o f the RIP p a c ke ts tha t Co mp e x MRL21E se nd s. Mo st ne two rks
unive rsa lly sup p o rt Version 1 whe re a s Version 2 c a rrie s mo re info rma tio n, whic h
invo lve s sub ne t b ro a d c a sting a nd multic a sting .
3.
Clic k Save/ Apply to sa ve yo ur c ha ng e s.
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5.9
Advanced Configuration
USING DSL
5.9.1 Configuring DSL
1. Clic k the DSL hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. The n the DSL Settings p a g e
sho ws up .
2. To c o nfig ure the te st mo d e , c lic k Advanced Settings. The DSL Advanced Settings
p a g e sho ws up .
Note: The se to ne s a llo w yo ur ISP to p e rfo rm DSL line
!
te sting . Running the se te sts ma y inte rfe re with yo ur DSL
se rvic e .
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Chapter 5
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3. To c o nfig ure the to ne fo r the se le c te d
mo d e , c lic k Tone Selection. The ADSL
Tone Settings p a g e d isp la ys up stre a m
a nd d o wnstre a m to ne s tha t yo u c a n
c ho o se to c le a r o r se le c t. The n c lic k
Apply to e ffe c t the ne w to ne se tting s.
Othe rwise c lic k Close to a b o rt the
c ha ng e .
4. Clic k
Save/ Apply
to
e ffe c t
the
c ha ng e .
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Chapter 5
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5.10 USING DNS
DNS (Do ma in Na me Syste m) is a n Inte rne t se rvic e tha t tra nsla te s d o ma in na me s into IP
a d d re sse s. Be c a use d o ma in na me s a re a lp ha b e tic , the y a re e a sie r to re me mb e r.
Ho we ve r, the Inte rne t is b a se d o n IP a d d re sse s. The re fo re , e a c h time yo u typ e a d o ma in
na me , a DNS se rvic e must tra nsla te the na me into the c o rre sp o nd ing IP a d d re ss. Fo r
e xa mp le , the d o ma in na me www.e xa mp le .c o m mig ht tra nsla te to 198.105.232.4. The DNS
syste m c o nsists o f a ne two rk o f DNS se rve rs. If o ne DNS se rve r d o e s no t kno w ho w to
tra nsla te a p a rtic ula r d o ma in na me , it a sks a no the r o ne a nd so o n until the c o rre c t IP
a d d re ss is re turne d .
5.10.1 Configuring DNS Server
1.
Und e r DNS, c lic k the DSLServer hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. The n the DNS
Server Configuration p a g e sho ws up .
2. If yo u se le c t the Enable Automatic Assigned DNS c he c kb o x, the Co mp e x MRL21E will
re c e ive a nd use the DNS Se rve r a ssig ne d b y yo ur ISP.
3. To use yo ur p re fe rre d DNS se rve rs, d isa b le the Enable Automatic Assigned DNS
c he c kb o x a nd ke y in the IP a d d re ss o f yo ur Primary DSN server. Ad d ing a Secondary
DNS server is o p tio na l.
4. Clic k Save to e ffe c t this se tting .
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Chapter 5
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If yo u a re ho sting virtua l se rve rs a nd ha ve sub sc rib e d to a DDNS se rvic e , re fe r to the
se c tio n b e lo w:
5.10.2 Configuring Dynamic DNS
1.
Und e r DNS, c lic k the Dynamic DNS hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. The n the
Dynamic DNS p a g e sho ws up .
2. To c o nfig ure a ne w Dyna mic DNS,
c lic k Add. The Add dynamic DDNS
p a g e sho ws up .
3. Clic k Save/ Apply a fte r ke ying in yo ur
se tting .
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Chapter 5
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5.11 WAN CONFIGURATION ADVANCED SETUP
Re fe rring to the se c tio n 4.2 WAN Co nfig ura tio n a s d isc usse d e a rlie r, the a d va nc e d se tup
inc lud e s furthe r d e ta ils suc h a s IGMP, Qo S , e tc .
5.11.1 Configuring WAN
1.
Clic k the WAN hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. The n the Wide Area Network
(WAN) Setup p a g e sho ws up .
2. To e d it the re q uire d p a ra me te rs, c lic k
Edit ne xt to the se le c te d c o nne c tio n
in the ta b le .
3. If yo u wish to re mo ve the c o nne c tio n
fro m the ta b le list, tic k the Remove
c he c kb o x
ne xt
to
the
se le c te d
c o nne c tio n. The n c lic k Remove.
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Chapter 6
Diagnostic
CHAPTER 6: DIAGNOSTICS
Co mp e x MRL21E ha s a d ia g no stic fe a ture to te st yo ur DSL c o nne c tio n. Yo u c a n use the
d ia g no stic me nu to p e rfo rm the fo llo wing te st func tio ns fro m the mo d e m ro ute r.
?
Te sting the c o nne c tio n to yo ur lo c a l ne two rk
?
Te sting the c o nne c tio n to yo ur DSL se rvic e p ro vid e r.
6.1 PERFORMING DIAGNOSTIC TEST
1.
Clic k the Diagnostics hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to run te sts o n the WAN
c o nne c tio n typ e yo u wa nt to se le c t. Fo r e xa mp le , pvc_0_32 whe re yo u c a n se e the
pvc_0_32 Diagnostics p a g e a s sho wn b e lo w.
2.
To p e rfo rm the te st func tio ns, c lic k
Test.
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Managing Your Network
CHAPTER 7: MANAGING YOUR NETWORK
This c ha p te r d e sc rib e s ho w to p e rfo rm ne two rk ma na g e me nt ta sks within yo ur Co mp e x
MRL21E.
7.1
SETTINGS
Whe n it c o me s to ma na g ing the se tting s tha t yo u ha ve e xe c ute d to Co mp e x MRL21E,
yo u c a n c ho o se to :
?
b a c kup the se tting s a s a c o nfig ura tio n file sto re d o nto yo ur PC
?
up d a te the c urre nt se tting s fro m a p re vio usly sa ve d c o nfig ura tio n file
?
e ra se the c urre nt se tting s a nd re sto re the d e fa ult fa c to ry va lue s
7.1.1 Settings - Backup
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Settings hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to
se le c t Backup. The n yo u c a n se e the Settings-Backup p a g e a p p e a r.
2.
To b a c k up the se tting s a s a c o nfig ura tio n file sa ve d o n yo ur PC, c lic k Backup
Settings. Se le c t the fo ld e r whe re yo u wa nt to sa ve the file a nd ke y in the file na me
und e r whic h yo u wa nt to sa ve the se tting s.
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7.1.2 Settings - Update
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Settings hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to
se le c t Update. The n yo u c a n se e the Tools-Update Settings p a g e a p p e a r.
2.
To imp o rt a p re vio usly sa ve d c o nfig ura tio n file fro m yo ur PC a nd up d a te the se tting s
o f yo ur mo d e m ro ute r, c lic k Browse to lo c a te the b ina ry (.BIN o r. IMG) up g ra d e file .
The n c lic k Update Settings.
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7.1.3 Settings ? Restore Default
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Settings hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to
se le c t Restore Default. The n yo u c a n se e the Tools-Restore Default Settings p a g e
a p p e a r.
2.
To re sto re yo ur mo d e m ro ute r to its
fa c to ry
d e fa ult
Restore
Default
se tting s,
Settings.
c lic k
Whe n
p ro mp te d , c lic k OK.
Ta ke no te tha t a ll the c o nfig ura tio n yo u
ha ve ma d e will b e e ra se d a nd the
Co mp e x MRL21E will b e re turne d to its
o rig ina l se tting s.
3.
Up o n c lic king OK, yo u a re p ro mp te d to fo llo w this instruc tio n a s sho wn b e lo w.
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7.2
Managing Your Network
SYSTEM LOG
This fe a ture p ro vid e s yo u a c o mp re he nsive list o f lo g e ntrie s re p o rting e ve nts tha t yo u
ha ve c o nfig ure d fo r vie wing .
7.2.1 System Log ? View System Log
1. Und e r Management, c lic k the System Log hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to
se le c t View System Log. The n the System Log p a g e sho ws up .
2. Sc ro ll up o r d o wn to g e t a b e tte r vie w o f the lo g . The Syste m lo g is d isp la ye d sta rting
fro m the first e ve nt lo g g e d .
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7.2.2 System Log ? Configure System Log
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the System Log hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to
se le c t Configure System Log. The n the System Log-Configuration p a g e sho ws up .
2. If yo u wish to d isa b le the Syste m
Vie w Lo g , se le c t Disable. Whe n yo u
se t the lo g to Enable, sp e c ify the Log
Level, Display Level a nd Mode fie ld s.
3. To
e ffe c t
the
se tting ,
c lic k
Save/ Apply. To c he c k whe the r the
Syste m Lo g is vie we d b a se d o n this
se tting ,
fo llo w
the
se c tio n
7.2.1
System Log-View System Log.
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7.3
Managing Your Network
ACCESS CONTROL
This fe a ture e na b le s yo u ma na g e the use r a c c e ss rig hts fo r re mo te a c c e ss ma na g e me nt
b a se d o n the se rvic e s b e ing use d , IP a d d re sse s a nd p a sswo rd s.
7.3.1 Access Control ? Services
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Access Control hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r
to se le c t Services. The n the Access Control-Services p a g e sho ws up .
2. se le c t whic h se rvic e to a llo w a nd
whe the r to a llo w it fro m the LAN o r
the WAN.
3. To
e ffe c t
this
se tting ,
c lic k
Save/ Apply.
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7.3.2 Access Control ? IP Addresses
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Access Control hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r
to se le c t IP Address. The n the Access Control-IP Address p a g e sho ws up .
Access Control Mode is d isa b le d b y d e fa ult.
2.
To
a llo w
re mo te
ma na g e me nt b a se d o n a n
a utho rize d IP a d d re ss, se le c t
Enable ne xt to the Access
Control Mode: ra d io b utto n.
Clic k Add.
3.
Ke y in the IP a d d re ss o f the
PC fro m whic h a use r will b e
a llo we d to a c c e ss the we b
c o nfig ura tio n me nu.
4.
Clic k Save/ Apply to sa ve the
se tting . The n the IP Address is
a d d e d in the ta b le list.
5.
To a d d mo re IP a d d re sse s,
re p e a t the ste p s 2 thro ug h 4.
6.
If yo u wish to
d e le te
the
e xisting IP a d d re ss, tic k the
Remove c he c kb o x ne xt to
the se le c te d IP a d d re ss in the
ta b le list. The n c lic k Remove.
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The Co mp e x MRL21E c a n b e ma na g e d thro ug h 3 typ e s o f use r a c c o unts:
?
a d min - Full p e rmissio n.
?
sup p o rt ? Ma inte na nc e a nd d ia g no stic s running a llo we d
?
use r ? Vie wing o f se tting s a nd sta tistic s a nd firmwa re up g ra d e a llo we d .
7.3.3 Access Control ? Passwords
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Access Control hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r
to se le c t Passwords. The n the Access Control-Passwords p a g e sho ws up .
2.
To c ha ng e the p a sswo rd o f a use r a c c o unt, se le c t the a p p ro p ria te Username fro m
the d ro p d o wn me nu list.
3.
Ente r the o ld p a sswo rd , fo llo we d b y the ne w p a sswo rd (twic e to c o nfirm). The n Clic k
Save/ Apply to e ffe c t the se tting .
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7.4
Managing Your Network
INTERNETTIME
The Co mp e x MRL21E use s the Ne two rk Pro to c o l Time (NTP) to o b ta in the c urre nt time a nd
d a te fro m se ve ra l ne two rk time se rve rs o n the Inte rne t.
7.4.1 Internet Time ? Time Setting
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Internet Time hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r
to d isp la y the Time setting p a g e . The c he c kb o x ne xt to Automatically synchronize
with Internet time servers is un-tic ke d b y d e fa ult.
2.
Whe n yo u tic k tha t c he c kb o x, the o the r time se rve r se tting s a re d isp la ye d fo r yo u to
c o nfig ure .
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3.
Se le c t First NTP time server.
4.
Ne xt se le c t Second NTP time
server.
5.
In o rd e r to lo c a lize the time
fo r yo ur lo g e ntrie s, yo u must
sp e c ify yo ur time zo ne . Se le c t
yo ur time zo ne o ffse t.
6.
Clic k Save/ Apply
to
sa ve
yo ur se tting s.
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Note: Sync hro nizing the Co mp e x MRL21E to yo ur lo c a l
!
time zo ne is use ful fo r the b lo c king sc he d ule to func tio n
p ro p e rly a nd fo r a c c ura te ly time -sta mp ing the lo g
e ntrie s.
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7.5
Managing Your Network
UPDATE SOFTWARE
Co mp e x MRL21E? s so ftwa re is sto re d in the FLASH me mo ry a nd c a n b e up g ra d e d a s
Co mp e x re le a se s ne w so ftwa re . Up g ra d e file s c a n b e d o wnlo a d e d fro m the Co mp e x
we b site a t www.c o mp e x.c o m.sg .
7.5.1 Update Software
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Update Software hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the
b ro wse r. The n the Tools-Update Software p a g e sho ws up .
2.
Clic k Browse to lo c a te the so ftwa re file ( tha t is, *.b in o r *.img ). The n c lic k Update
Software.
Note: Ensure tha t yo u ha ve d o wnlo a d e d the c o rre c t
!
up d a te d firmwa re fro m the Co mp e x we b site to yo ur
lo c a l ha rd d isk b e fo re sta rting the so ftwa re up g ra d e .
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7.6
Managing Your Network
SAVE/ REBOOT
This fe a ture a llo ws Co mp e x MRL21E to e na b le ne w ne two rk c o nfig ura tio n to ta ke e ffe c t
o r to c le a r p ro b le ms with the mo d e m ro ute r? s ne two rk c o nne c tio n.
7.6.1 Save/ Reboot ? Rebooting
1.
Und e r Management, c lic k the Save/ Reboot hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r.
The n the c o rre sp o nd ing p a g e sho ws up .
2.
Clic k Save/ Reboot to sa ve yo ur c urre nt se tting s a nd re b o o t the Co mp e x MRL21E.
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Chapter 8
Network Management Information
CHAPTER 8: NETWORK MANAGEMENTINFORMATION
Co mp e x MRL21E p ro vid e s a va rie ty o f sta tus a nd usa g e d e vic e info rma tio n
tha t is
d isc usse d b e lo w.
8.1 DEVICE INFO - SUMMARY
1.
Und e r Device Info, c lic k the Summary hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. The n
the Device Info p a g e sho ws up .
2.
The Summary p a g e sho ws the fo llo wing p a ra me te rs:
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Field
Line Rate -Upstre am (Kbps):
Description
The sp e e d a t whic h the mo d e m ro ute r is tra nsmitting
d a ta into the ADSL line .
Line Rate -Downstre am (Kbps):
The sp e e d a t whic h the mo d e m ro ute r is re c e iving d a ta
fro m the ADSL line .
Software Ve rsion:
This fie ld d isp la ys the ro ute r so ftwa re ve rsio n.
Bootloade r (CFE) Ve rsion:
This fie ld d isp la ys the b o o tlo a d e r ve rsio n.
LAN IP Addre ss:
This fie ld d isp la ys the IP a d d re ss b e ing use d b y the lo c a l
(LAN) p o rt o f the Co mp e x MRL21E o n the lo c a l ne two rk.
The d e fa ult is 192.168.1.1
De fault Gate way:
This fie ld d isp la ys the ro ute r? s d e fa ult g a te wa y
Primary DNS Se rve r:
This fie ld d isp la ys the ro ute r? s p rima ry DNS se rve r.
Se c ondary DNS Se rve r:
This fie ld d isp la ys the ro ute r? s se c o nd a ry DNS se rve r.
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8.2 DEVICE INFO - WAN
1.
Und e r Device Info, c lic k the WAN hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. The n the
WAN Info p a g e sho ws up .
2.
The WAN Info p a g e sho ws the fo llo wing p a ra me te rs:
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Field
VPI/ VCI
Description
VPI is the Virtua l Pa th Id e ntifie r se tting whe re a s VCI is
the Virtua l Cha nne l Id e ntifie r se tting .
Con. ID
This fie ld id e ntifie s the c o nne c tio n typ e .
Cate gory
This fie ld d isp la ys the se rvic e c a te g o ry.
Se rvic e
This fie ld d isp la ys the se rvic e na me .
Inte rfac e
This fie ld d isp la ys the WAN inte rfa c e use d .
Protoc ol
This fie ld d isp la ys the WAN c o nne c tio n p ro to c o l.
Igmp
This fe a ture a llo ws Inte rne t ho sts to p a rtic ip a te in
multic a sting . If yo u a re using PPPo E/ PPPo A a nd ha ve
se le c te d this fe a ture , it will d isp la y Enabled.
QoS
If the ISP d o e s no t ha ve this func tio n, this fie ld will
d isp la y N/ A.
State
This fie ld d isp la ys whe the r yo u ha ve
e na b le d o r
d isa b le d the WAN c o nne c tio n.
Status
This fie ld d isp la ys the sta tus o f the ADSL link.
IP Addre ss
This fie ld d isp la ys the WAN IP a d d re ss o f the ro ute r.
75
Chapter 8
8.3
Network Management Information
DEVICE INFORMATION
The Device Info fe a ture d isp la ys a use ful summa ry o f the fo llo wing :
?
LAN tra ffic
?
WAN tra ffic
?
ATM sta tistic s
?
ADSL sta tistic s
?
Ro uting ta b le e ntrie s
?
ARP ta b le e ntrie s
8.3.1 DEVICE INFO ? STATISTICS -LAN
Und e r Device Info, c lic k the Statistics hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t
LAN. The n the Statistics-LAN p a g e sho ws up .
76
Chapter 8
Network Management Information
8.3.2 Device Info ? Statistics -WAN
Und e r Device Info, c lic k the Statistics hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t
WAN. The n the Statistics-WAN p a g e sho ws up .
77
Chapter 8
Network Management Information
8.3.3 Device Info ? Statistics -ATM
Und e r Device Info, c lic k the Statistics hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t
ATM. The n the Statistics-ATM p a g e sho ws up .
78
Chapter 8
Network Management Information
8.3.4 Device Info ? Statistics -ADSL
Und e r Device Info, c lic k the Statistics hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r to se le c t
ADSL. The n the Statistics-ADSL p a g e sho ws up . Ple a se ta ke no te tha t the p a g e sho ws
no thing b e c a use the mo d e m ro ute r is no t ye t c o nne c te d to the ADSL line . As a re sult, its
sta tus is re a d a s ? DO WN?.
79
Chapter 8
Network Management Information
8.4 DEVICE INFO ? ROUTE
Und e r Device Info, c lic k the Route hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. The n the
Device Info-Route p a g e sho ws up .
80
Chapter 8
Network Management Information
8.5 DEVICE INFO ? ARP
Und e r Device Info, c lic k the ARP hyp e rlink o n the le ft sid e o f the b ro wse r. The n the Device
Info-Route p a g e sho ws up .
81
Chapter 9
Troubleshooting Guide
CHAPTER 9: TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
This c ha p te r g ive s info rma tio n a b o ut tro ub le sho o ting yo ur Co mp e x MRL21E. Afte r e a c h
p ro b le m d e sc rip tio n, instruc tio ns a re p ro vid e d to a ssist yo u in d ia g no sing a nd so lving the
p ro b le m.
9.1
TROUBLESHOOTING
9.1.1 Check the Line and the Device
?
Che c k whe the r the POWER LED is o n.
If no t, ma ke sure tha t:
?
o
the p o we r a d a p te r is c o rre c tly c o nne c te d .
o
yo u a re using the p o we r a d a p te r p ro vid e d .
o
the switc h o f the p o we r sup p ly is turne d o n.
Che c k whe the r the PC LED is o n.
If no t, ma ke sure tha t:
?
o
the c a b le c o nne c ting yo ur PC to the mo d e m is we ll-inse rte d .
o
the c a b le p ro vid e d is use d .
Che c k the LINK LED to se e if it is fla shing . If no fa st fla shing is o b se rve d within 3
minute s, p le a se c he c k whe the r the p ho ne line ha s b e e n c o rre c tly p la c e d a nd whe the r
the ADSL sp litte r is c o rre c tly c o nne c te d . If multip le e xte nsio ns ha ve b e e n insta lle d , ma ke
sure tha t the sp litte r is insta lle d p rio r to the junc tio n b o x o f p ho ne line . If the a b o ve ite ms
a re c o nfirme d a nd still no fa st fla shing o f the DATA LED is o b se rve d , c a ll the ISP to q ue ry
whe the r ADSL se rvic e ha s b e e n a c tiva te d o n yo ur line .
?
Che c k the LINK LED to se e whe the r it c ha ng e s sta tus fro m fa st fla shing to a lwa ys o n,
o r whe the r it c ha ng e s sta tus fro m a lwa ys o n to fa st fla shing . If this p he no me na o c c urs
c o nsta ntly, p le a se c o nta c t yo ur ISP to c he c k yo ur p ho ne line a nd sig na l q ua lity.
If there is no problem in the above items, the line and the device should be working
properly. Please proceed.
82
Chapter 9
Troubleshooting Guide
9.1.2 Check your Configuration
We e xp la in the c o nfig ura tio n o f PPPOE using Wind o ws 2000 o p e ra tio n syste m a s a n
e xa mp le . Fo r o the r o p e ra tio n syste ms, the p ro c e ss is simila r.
1.
Ente r the d e vic e ma na g e r to c he c k if yo ur Ethe rne t a d a p te r is
c o rre c tly insta lle d . If a ny p ro b le m e xists, p le a se re -insta ll it.
2.
Ve rify the TCP/ IP se tting s o f yo ur PC. Se e se c tio n 4.1.1 fo r mo re d e ta ils.
3.
Try to run c o mma nd ? p ing 192.168.1.1? in the c o mma nd line wind o w. If
the re sp o nse re turns ? time o ut?, p le a se c he c k yo ur c a b le c o nne c tio n
a nd IP se tting s.
4.
If yo u re c e ive a p ing re p ly, try to run p ing to a kno wn o ute r URL. Fo r
e xa mp le , ? p ing www.c o mp e x.c o m.sg ? If the re is no re p ly, p le a se
p ro c e e d to Ste p 5 to c he c k if the c o nfig ura tio n is c o rre c t.
Note: To o p e n the c o mma nd line wind o w, c lic k o n RUN
!
fro m the Wind o ws Sta rt Me nu, e nte r cmd in the inp ut
b o x a nd p re ss Enter.
83
Chapter 9
Troubleshooting Guide
5.
Ve rify the fo llo wing :
i.
Che c k the numb e r o f WAN c o nne c tio ns. If the re is mo re tha n
o ne c o nne c tio n fo r tro ub le sho o ting p urp o se s, d e le te the unuse d
c o nne c tio ns.
ii.
Che c k whe the r yo u ha ve se t up the c o rre c t WAN c o nne c tio n
typ e , the fo llo wing info rma tio n sho uld b e p ro vid e d b y yo ur ISP:
VPI a nd VCI, use rna me a nd p a sswo rd .
iii.
The n ma ke sure tha t ? using NAT? a nd ? d e fa ult g a te wa y? ha ve
b e e n se le c te d with a tic k.
Make sure that the above parameters are saved after configuration and that you
have rebooted the Compex MRL21E.
84
Appendix
Technical Specifications
APPENDIX : TECHNICALSPECIFICATIONS
Standard Compliance
?
ANSI T1.413 issue 2, ITU-T G .992.1 (G .d mt) a nd
G.992.2 (G .lite ) c o mp lia nt ADSL2, ADSL2+, READSL c o mp lia nt
?
IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u & IEEE 802.1D
Multiple Data Encapsulation Formats
?
RFC2364 PPP o ve r ATM AAL5 (PPPo A)
Support
?
RFC2516 PPP o ve r Ethe rne t re la y (PPPo E)
?
RFC 1483 LLC&VCMUX (b rid g e a nd ro uting
mo d e ) multi-p ro to c o l e nc a p sula tio n o ve r
ATM AAL5
ATM Support
?
RFC 1577 Cla ssic a l IP a nd ARP o ve r ATM
?
ATM AAL5 UBR&CBR
?
Multip le
PVC
c o mp lie s with ATM Fo rum
UNI3.1/ 4.0, OAM F4/ F5 c o mp lie s with I.610
Network Access
?
VPI/ VCI ra ng e 0-255 0-65536
?
IP ro uting p ro to c o ls: Sta tic ro uting a nd RIPv1,
v2
?
802.1d tra nsp a re nt b rid g ing
?
DHCP se rve r a uto ma tic a lly a ssig ns IP a d d re ss
to PCs o n the LAN
?
DHCP c lie nt c a p a b ility a uto ma tic a lly g e ts IP
a d d re ss fro m DHCP se rve r a t ISP
?
DNS Re la y Ag e nt
?
NAT e na b le s multip le PCs o n the LAN to
a c c e ss the
Inte rne t via
sing le
p ub ic
IP
a d d re ss
?
Multic a st p ro xy sup p o rt (IG MP Pro xy) fo r
sup p o rt o f vid e o a p p lic a tio ns
85
Appendix
Network Management
Technical Specifications
?
VPN p a ss thro ug h
?
DNS p ro xy
?
Virtua l Se rve r, DMZ, PPP Ha lf Brid g e
?
We b Ba se d c o nfig ura tio n so ftwa re
?
Re sto re to fa c to ry d e fa ults via Ha rd wa re o r
thro ug h the c o nfig ura tio n p a g e
Security
?
MAC filte ring
?
Pa sswo rd p ro te c te d syste m ma na g e me nt
?
PAP/ CHAP a uthe ntic a tio n fo r PPP mo d e
?
PO WER: p o we r o n o r o ff ind ic a tio n
?
LINK: ADSL linke d o r linking
?
PC: Ethe rne t c o nne c tio n
?
DATA: Ethe rne t d a ta tra nsfe r
?
LAN:
te rmina l
LED Indicators
Interface
RJ-45
p o rt fo r 10Ba se -T/ 100Ba se -TX
Ethe rne t c o nne c tio n
Power
Environment Requirement
?
WAN: RJ-11 p o rt fo r ADSL Line
?
USB: Unive rsa l Se ria l Bus p o rt
?
PO WER: Po we r Ja c k 2.1mm fo r Po we r in
Po we r sup p ly:
?
Inp ut: Custo mize d a s re q uire me nt
?
Outp ut: 12VDC, 700mA
Te mp e ra ture :
?
Op e ra ting
?
No n-o p e ra ting : -10?C to 70?C
: 0?C to 40?C
Humid ity:
?
Op e ra ting
?
No n-o p e ra ting : 5% to 90% no n-c o nd e nsing
86
: 10% to 90% no n-c o nd e nsing
Appendix
Physical Dimension
Technical Specifications
150x 140 x 31 mm (me d ium c a sing )/ 128 x110 x32
(sma ll c a sing )
Weight
220 g / 180g
87
Compex MRL21E
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