Патент USA US2403430код для вставки
2,403,430 Patented July 9, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT oFF-ics 2,403,430 PORTABLE SHOWER Earle R. Andrews and'Lionel H. Steans, ' Los Angeles, Calif. Application February 26, 1943, Serial No. 477,210 i (Cl. 4-151) 1 Claim. 1 . 2 . . Fig. l is a side elevation of the portable shower of this invention. Fig. 2 is »a reduced plan View of the shower. Fig. 3 isy aifraginentary trans This invention relates to portable bathing equipment and relates more vparticularly to a portable shower bath. A general object of this invention is to provide a practical, effective port able shower apparatus that is compact and light in weight and, therefore, well adapted for use by verse sectional view of the bag. Fig. 4 is an en larged longitudinal detailed sectional View of the lower portion of the device illustrating _the valve in the position for the discharge of the water troops in the ñeld, hunters„travelers, etc. Another object of this invention is to provide portable shower that may be easily and quickly conditioned for use and that may be employed through the shower nozzle and Fig. 5 is an en larged, fragmentary longitudinal detailed sec wherever there is a convenient source of water, as tional view of the lower portion of the device taken in a plane disposed at 90° to the plane of for example a stream, pond, river, or the like. Another object of this invention is to provide a portable shower that embodies a container or bag for the water and a nozzle for the discharge of 'sectioning of Fig. 4. The improved portable shower of the present invention may be said to comprise a bag Illv adapted to receive a supply of Water, nozzle the water and is characterized by a screen or ñlter means I I at the lower end of the bag I0 and valve means I2 for controlling the nozzle means and means for preventing leaves, twigs and other ob jects, that may be presentin the water, from providing for the lateral discharge of water, The ‘bag l0 is adapted to receive and contain reaching and possibly clogging the discharge ori 20 a substantial quantity of water to -be used for , . bathing, etc. The -bag I0 is preferably a simple Another object of this invention is to provide a container of pliable, foldable material such as portable shower of the character referred to em duck, or other suitable fabric, treated or rubber bodying a two way valve operable toa position ized fabric, leather, rubber, or the like. In ac» where it controls the delivery of the water to the shower nozzle and operable to another position 25 cordance with the broader aspects of the inve-n tion the bag I0 may be of any selected shape. In where it provides for the controlled discharge of the particular construction illustrated the bag I0 the water in a single stream from a laterally di lices of the nozzle. is cylindrical or round in horizontal cross sec rected spout so that the device may be conven iently employed as a dispensing means for drink» tion and is vertically elongated. The upper end of the bag I0 is open to receive the supply of water to be used for the shower. It is preferred to rein force the upper edge of the bag lil with a stitched hem I3. Assuming the bag Iii to be in the upright ing water or as a source of water supply for other uses. A v Another object of this invention is to provide a portable shower of the character mentioned in> which the valve when in either of its open posi tions provides for the flow of the water to the suspended position its lower end or lower wall I4 is dished or slopes downwardly and inwardly from the side wall toward its center. The end shower nozzle or the lateral spout, as the case wall I4 is seemed or integrally joined with the may be, through large, substantially straight pas side wall of the bag I0 and has one or nioreradial sages providing for the substantially unrestricted seams I5. It is to» be understood that the bag i0 discharge of the water. _ Another object of this invention is to provide 40 is constructed to be water tight. a portable shower that may be formed entirely of Means is .provided for suspending the bag Iii fabric, wood and other non-metallic materials to from any suitable or convenient support such as be light in weight and inexpensive of manufac the branch of a tree., a post, or the like. This ture. means may comprise a bail I6 formed of a length A further object of this invention is to provide of rope, or the like, and secured at its opposite a portable 4shower oi the character mentioned ends to the upper portion of the bag Ill, The that maybe folded or arranged in a very small,_ i compact unit so as to be conveniently Ácarried in a knap~sack, or the like. `The various objects and features of my inven tion will be fully understood from the following detailed description of a typical preferred form and application of the. invention, throughout which description reference is made to the ac companying drawing, in which:` bail I6 may be anchored to the reinforced upper edge portion of the bag I0 at diametrically op 50 posite points.' A rod or stick IIìEL of wood, or the like, may be engaged between the end portions of the bail I6 adjacent the upper edge of the bag l0 to hold the mouth of the bag open or spread to receive the Water. The opposite ends of the 55 stick I6a may be notched to remain in coopera- 2,403,430 3 4 tion with the bail. This is clearly illustrated in turned to completely cut off the flow of water to Fig. 2 of the drawing. the shower oriñces 22. When in the last named The nozzle means I I includes a nozzle body I1 position the valve member 24 has an uninter secured to the lower end of the bag IQ. The noz rupted or plain portion 28 which cooperates with zle body I0 may be a simple, one-piece member Cil the upper wall of the opening 23 and which ex formed of wood, plastic material, or the like» tends completely across the opening 22 to fully The body I1 is an elongate part and is preferably seal oiî the opening 2 I. In other words, the valve cylindrical in horizontal cross-section. The body member _24 may be turned 90° to the right as I1 is engaged’and secured in a cent-’ralopeningv f8 viewed in Fig. 5_ so that the portion 28 of the valve in the lower wall I4 of the bag I0. The upper ll) member prevents the discharge of water from the portion of the body I1 is received in the opening I3 and is provided with an annular depression or ’ groove i9. The material of the end ‘wall I4 around the opening I8 is engaged in the groove I9 and wrappings 20 of cord, leather, orthelikefarc " tightly engaged about the material of the wall hl ' to bind it in the groove I9 l'la'iid'ïthus' îsecure the body I1 in the opening I8. Cement or the like may be employed to assure a liquid tight seal be „ opening 2 I. ' -The side or portion of the valve member 24 di yf»a'n'oet'rica'lly opposite the portion 28 has a longi tudinally extending channel 29. The channel 29 'exte'rids‘toward the spout 26 and joins a longitu ~`diiial opening 3|) in the spout. When the valve ’ lm'embe’rfïd l»is-turned `90" to the left, as Viewed in Fig. 5, the channel 29 is brought into communica tion with the opening 2| `so that the water from tween the end wall I4 and the body I1. 20 the bag Iû is free to flow out through the chan »A ¿central longitudinal'opeiiìng 52| #enters the nel to discharge from the spout opening 30. It body I1 from lits=u`pp`e1~end Y:where it‘h‘as commu is to be observed that at this time the valve por nication `-with the iinterior of -the ‘bag ID. The tion 28 completely closes off the 'opening 2| at openin‘gïël terminates in ythe body |l1 a consider the under side of the valve member to prevent able '-di'stance ffl-‘om v¿the ¿lower extremity 'of the 25 the delivery of water to the shower orifices 22. bo'dy. lill-fmultipl-i'city of=dischargeoriñce`s-22 join >If desired-means ‘may >be provided for yield the Vlower end lel? the vor'ie’ni'ng 2| v'and extend ingly urging the valve `member 24 longitudinally downwardly toïthellowerl'end ofithe Ibo'dyfl 1. ~ The into the tapered-opening '-23 to maintain the Valve loweriend fof the Vbody Iâ’ is I'round or partially member :in sealing cooperation with the wall of spherical 'and the lori-hoes -'22 - discharge :from »this so the opening. This means may include a ring 3| spherical surface. |«The ldischarge iopenings or engaged in an annular groove in the exterior of oriñces 22 diverge downwardly »and outwardly the spout »26 and a’spring washer32 engaged be from thelow'er eÍ-ïdïo'f the‘Óp‘e'ning'Z’I and their tween the ,ring 3| and the-exterior of the body lower -~ends :are spaced apart throughout -a ‘sub I1. The spring washer 132 serves to urge the valve stanti'al ‘area-of erth'elsph'erically curved end face member ~24 into the tapered opening 23. The of the >.body Iî1. The ïSGrifl'Ce‘S'QZIare spaced, vpro ring 3| andthe washer 3'2 are -th'e only metal portioned and directed'tolprovideiforfthe delivery parts embodied in'the device. These parts are of a spray of`»waterâ:suitable «for‘showerlbath-pun very small and the invention contemplates that they may lbe eliminated if desired. The outer The Ivalve means -'I2 isla‘feature of the-inven end portion of the spout 26 may be shaped and tion. The ‘valve meansis carried by the body îI1 proportioned’to couple with or receive a pipe or to control‘th'e` discharge' of wat'erffremí the »shower tube for conducting‘water away 'from the device. poses. Y - l orifices Y 212 and‘ to provide ifor` the' lateral' discharge of «a ystream of water. The body îI1 is .nprovided with-,a transverse Aopening ,-2~»3.~which intersects the verticalV opening. 2 I. The-opening §23 'extends di ametrically ’through the body from one side Yto the-otherand-is longitudinally’tapered. As illus The invention‘includes a screen or filter 33 for preventing solid matter ïobjects, such as leaves, insects, etc., from lreaching the nozzle means || and-the valve means =|2. The screen or filter 33 is preferably provided in the lower portion of the bag I0. -The screen or ñlter 33 extends trated -in Fi-g. 5 of -the-drawing'the opening-23 across the interior of the bag Il) adjacent its is round in-cross'section andi-s larger in diam 50 lowerwend andas illustrated maybe substan eter than »the opening 2| »where -itïintersects the tially horizontal when the bag is in the upright openingZI. Y position. The ñlter 33 ~may comprise one or more layers of metal or fabric of suitable mesh. The screen or filter 33 is such that it does not ber 24 is round in croSssection-and is'tapered to 55 materially interfere '-withthe downward flow or l‘The valve means `I2 incl-udesla‘turnable plug or valve member 24m-the opening “23. The mem ñtthe vopening‘23. ---As -bestëillustrated in Fig. 4 of the drawing the »valve member~24 extends com pletely through lthe _opening `23 «and has project passage of the water but effectively traps and re tains objects 'that might clog the opening 2|, the orifices 22 or other passages of the nozzle in'g ‘end portions. `The -larger » end .portioni of -th'e means or the valve means. tapering'valve member -24 Vis-shaped lto form a 60 It is believed that the utility and practicability convenient handle`2'5 to'facilitate'turning ofthe member. The 'smaller end portion vof the mem ber‘eh"projects‘fromthe opposite side of the body> I1 and‘for'ms >a lateral‘sp‘out‘î'ô for ‘the’ discharge of «a1-solid ¿or single stream of water. ' A trans verse l or diametric ¿opening vîï2 1 “p‘a'sses‘ through the valve member l214. v»Theifl'ipenin’g L»21‘is located so that litmay -beibroug'ht to aposition where it is in- fullïcommunioationwith Ythe longitudinal ’ open of the portable ¿shower provided by this inven tion will be readily-'apparent from the foregoing detailed description. 'When ypacked or condi tioned to be carried or transported the bag ID 65 may be foldedseveral »times-‘to constitute a very small, «compact unit. The body I1'carrying the valve‘means v1I2 may be nested within the folded bag vIll -or maybe nested against the exterior of the folded bag, and inany-case forms a 'very ing 2|1of‘the body -I1lïas‘illustrated in Figs. 4 vand 70 small, light-'weight,«part. When it is~desired to employ the shower-device the bag -~Il) kis unfolded 5 of the drawing. In 'this position i'the valve means -is fully opened ¿for ¿the ì`free `discharge of and extended and its bail I6 is engagedfover the'water from »theî'sho'werloriflcesê22~ The valve or connected with‘any available or suitable'over member '2‘4 may `b‘eï’turned toi-restrict -the 'llow head support. vThe upper‘iend ofr îthefba'g I'III „is through tha-'opening 21 Fand may ï'îbe ‘further 75 extended or held 'open iby @engaging ‘the 'stick 2,403,430 5 6 I4 between the lower portions of the bail I6. The valve member 24 may be turned to the position Where its plain portion 28 closes oiî the opening and application of our invention, we do not wish to be limited or restricted to the specific details herein set forth, but wish to reserve to ourselves 2| so that a substantial supply of water may be any variations or modifications that may' appear provided in the bag l0 before it is discharged from the nozzle. When an ample supply of wa ter has been poured into the bag I0 the valve member 24 may be turned to the position illus to those skilled in the art or fall within the scope orifices of the nozzle means or the valve means. The ñlter 33 is large and is located where it may be easily inspected and cleaned. delivery of water to said spout portion. of the following claim. Having described our invention, we claim: A portable shower bath device including a bag for receiving and containing a supply of water, trated in Figs. 4 and 5 of the drawing so that a vertically disposed nozzle body, means tying the water is discharged through the shower oriñces bag around the upper end portion of the body 22. The water is discharged from the orifices 22 whereby the body is fixed directly to the lower in an effective shower bath spray. It is to be end of the bag, the body having a vertical open understood that the delivery of the water may ing whose upper end is in communication with be readily controlled or diminished by turning the interior of the bag, having nozzle oriñces of the valve member 24. extending from the vertical opening to the lower In the event the device is to be used as a con end of the body and having a transverse open tainer or source of supply of water for drink ing intersecting said vertical opening at a point ing purposes or the like, the bag I0 may be i’illed above said orifices, and a turnable valve member as above described with the valve means closed. When the water is to be obtained from the de 20 in the transverse opening having a spout por tion projecting laterally from one side of the vice tlie valve member 24 is turned to the posi body and having a handle portion projecting tion where the channel 29 faces upwardly to com from the opposite side of the body, the valve municate with the opening 2l. This allows the member having a transverse port adapted to water to ñow through the channel 29 and dis be moved into and out of registration with said charge from the spout opening 30. vertical opening to control the delivery of wa It is to be observed that in any use or appli ter to the orifices and having a longitudinal pas cation of the device the screen or iilter prevents sage adapted to be moved into and out of regis leaves, twigs, insects or other object/5> from enter tration with said vertical opening to control the ing or clogging any of the ports, passages or Having described only a typical preferred form EARLE` R. ANDREWS. LIONEL H. STEANS.