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Патент USA US2403467

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July 9,' 1946.
`
J. lgs. sWANN
RAILWAY GAR WALL
Filed May 27, 1945 l
5 Sheets-Sheet l
July 9, 1946..
’ 2,403,467
J. s. swANN
RAILWAY CAR WALL
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed May 27, 1945
Y
`
'
INVENTOR.
daf/¿<25 5 15a/(Um, `
BY
July 9, l1946.
ì J. s. swANNv
_
2,403,467
RAILWAY CAR WALL
Filed Maya?, 1945
' 5 shèetsèsheet s
i
'
,
v
INVENTOR.
Jaz/72425 â SLUG/mz,
BY
l
.
i
JuBy 9, 1946.
J.' s. .sm/ANN
2,403,467
RAILWAY CAR WALL
Filed May 27, 1943
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
INVENTOR.
Jana/’6 5 ¿wa/UZ,
July 9, 1946.
'
_
J. s.l SWAN»
2,403,467
RAILWAY CAR WALL!
Filed May 2"?,l 1943
l
`
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
IN VEN TOR.
`
Patented July 9, 1946
2,403,467
UNITED sTA-T'Eis PATENT «o'Frl/c-E
.Standard Railway Equipment Manufacturing
Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Dela
Ware
Application May 27, 1943, Serial No. 488,693
15 Claims.
1
The invention relates to vertical walls for rail
way cars and more particularly to >one specifical
1y adaptable for use in open top railway cars,
such as hopper and gondola cars, which, in use,
are 4sometimes turned upside down, in unloading
machines, to dum-p the entire load at one time.
Such machines are used, for instance, to unload
iron ore into the lake ore carriers or ore docks at
Cleveland, Ohio, Ashtabula, Ohio, and elsewhere.
(Cl. 1115-409)
2
similar material, pressed 'laterally to form inte
gral spaced .apart vertical posts '2 each consist
ing :of a web 3 and spaced sidewalls 4. The
integral posts merge into the plate a distance
from the upper edge lof the plate and the 4‘top
chord '6 of >the side >wall `(which is a girder) is
formed -of the marginal material by forming it
into an inverted channel comprising a-n inner
vertical portion 8 and an outer vertical portion
Such unloading machines are also used to unload 10 Sconnected by a horizontal portion I0. 'The outer
coal into lake Steamers.
vertical portion 9 is substantially 'flush with ‘the
The object of the invention is to construct a
original plane of the plate and welded thereto
railway car wall from a ila-t rolled steel plate (or
at the ëjuncture therewith, as shown at I2.
similar >metallic plate, fsuch as alumi-num or any
The parts of the plate vrIll between the vertical
of the alloy plates now being produced) by form 15 posts 2 are formed into upwardly and inwardly
ing the top chord and vertical posts integral .
inclined .portions 1|‘6 (to discharge the lading)
therewith between dies in a reciprocating press
which merge into the posts 2 and also into the
and welding portions thereof together.
inner >vertical `portion 8 of the top chord 6.
Another object is to form such a plate with the
Members .It are preferably welded >( I9) to the
top and bottom chords and the vertical posts all 20 plate 4outside of and in alignment with the posts
integral therewith.
2.. VThese members vare strut ties and strengthen
A .further obi ect is to form such integral chords
the posts both as vertical .stiffeners of the girder
and posts so that their outer portions are sub
and as. horizontally loaded vertical beams to re
stantially `flush with the outer surface of the oar
sist horìzontal thrusts ‘from the inside of the car,
Wall so that the space .between the posts may be 25 such as .is exerted by a plastic load. These mem
used to hold lading, thereby obtaining the maxi
bers f|8 -may extend to the top of the post (as
mum loading space .for the car in consideration
shown 4'in Fig. 5) .and to the bottom ofthe plate ( as
of the outside width of the car.
shown in Fig. 5) or may be placed at the middle
A further object is to provide upwardly and
of the posts only. Preferably the members i8
inwardly inclined surfaces vfor the space between 30 extend to the rends (top and/or bottom) of the
the posts so that the car will discharge all the
posts, as illustrated in Fig. I5, vand thereby form
load when turned upside down.
a continuity of the inclined portion I6 over the
In the drawings:
posts thus effectively producing a continuous
Fig. 1 shows a portion of a side of a railway
chord of the gircler. Similarly, as illustrated in
hopper car with the improved `side wall shown 35 Fig. 19, these members i8 extend to the .ends (top
thereon.
.
and/or bottom) of the posts 32 and forma foon
Fig. 2 is an enlarged section on line 2_2 of
tinuity of that portion of the wall plate i4
Fig. 1,
forming .the outside of the chord. In other
Fig. 3 is a section on line 3-3 of Fig. 1.
words, the reinforcing members I8 are so formed
Fig. 4 is a perspective inside View of part of the 40 and 'secured to the wall sheet as to provide a
improved wall as applied to a gondola car.
continuity :of that portion of the wall sheet
Fig. 5 vis a perspective outside view of part of
forming the chord `(under tension or compres
the improved wall shown in Fig. 4.
sion) which is interrupted by the posts. If 'it
Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing the lower
were not for these reinforcements the chord would
part of the corner of the car.
45 be weak at places in alignment with the posts.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view showing the upper
The car is provided with the usual longitudi
part of the corner of the car.
nally spaced rcross bearers 22 which support the sill
Fig. 8 is a section on line 8_8 of Fig. '7.
23 (and the girder too) . The >sill 23 is preferably
Fig. 9 is a modified top chord and post con
depressed, ras shown at 25, to accommodate lthe
struction of the wall.
50 posts '2 so that the posts 'may extend continuously
Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 4 of a modified
to the bottom of the cross bearer 22 and be se
form of the inside of a car wall embodying the
cured thereto to heel the post. The plate is
invention.
preferably formed with wings 2s to 4prevent; the
Fig. 11 is a View similar to Fig. 5 of the out
cross bearers 22 from deflecting laterally under
side of the `car wall shown in Fig. 10.
55 stress. The floor plate 28 is supported by the
Fig. 12 is a perspective view of a corner of a
gondola car wall showing a further modiñed view
of a side wall for such cars, and with the rem
sill and cross bearer (Fig. 4).
'
Fig. 9 shows a modiiied structure wherein the
plate extends tothe top of the top chord and is
forcing member removed.
bent `to lform a horizontal portion 3l) which is
shown in the drawings, my improved wall 60 rebent to form the upwardly and inwardly in
comprises a single metallic plate of steel, or other
clined portion .3| >which discharges ’the load. The
2,403,467
3
occur to persons skilled in the art.
-
Figs. 10 and 11 show a still further modified
side wall structure wherein both the upper and l
lower chords 45 and 4B and the vertica1 post 41
are all integrally formed from the side wall plate
48. In this modification the side wall rests upon
the cross bearers 49, and members similar to the '
'
I claim:
clined portion 3| are welded together, as shown " '
at 35.
4
tions-thereof, within thescope of the claims, will
post 32 extends to adjacent the top of the'top
chord and the inclined portion is notched out (33)
to accommodate the post. The post 32 and in
v 1. A wall for a railway car formed of a metallic
plate with integral inwardly projecting U-shaped
spaced apart posts extending from the original
plane‘of the plate; a top chord formed integrally
with said plate comprising upwardly and inwardly
inclined portions extending between and merging
into said posts; a vertical inner portion extending
continuouslybetween and over said posts; a hori
members I8 extend from the top chord down over
zontal portion extending outwardly therefrom
arate triangularly shaped pieces of material and
welded, as at 6U, at their upper legs to the lower
outer corner of the bottom chord and at their
vertical legs, as at 52, to the member I8 and to
said outer vertical portion of the top chord being
welded to said plate in substantially the original:
plane thereof.
and an outer Vertical portion depending from
the bottom chord and the end of the cross bearers
the horizontal portion substantially flush with
49 and are welded thereto, as in the other modiñ
cations. The wing plates 5I are formed of sep l5 the original plane of the plate, the lower edge of
2. A wall for a railway car formed of a metallic
the cross bearer 49. To further strengthen the 20 plate with integral inwardly projectingU-shaped
spaced apart posts extending from the originalside wall in this modification of the invention,
plane of the plate; a top chord formed integrally
the floor plate 53 is formed with an upwardly
with said plate comprising upwardly and'inwardly
turned side flange 54 which is welded, as at 55,
inclined portions extending between and mergingv
to the inner vertical portion 56 of the bottom
chord 46. The top chord 45 is formed identically
into said posts; a vertical inner portion extending
with the top chord in the previously described
continuously between and over said posts; a horif
Zontal portion extending outwardly therefrom
modification, and the bottom chord is likewise
formed the same, though reversed, as the top
and an outer Vertical portion depending from
chord. The bottom of the Vertical posts termi
the horizontal portion substantially ilush with.
nate by merging into the bottom chord just as 30 the original plane of the plate; the lower edge>
the top of the post merges into the top chord.
of said outer vertical portion of the top chord
It will be noted in al1 modifications of the in
being welded to said plate in substantially the
vention thus far described, no provision is made
original plane thereof,- and reinforcing members
for the ladder irons, 60', other than securing
' being secured to said plate in substantially the
them in the ordinary manner to the side :wall 35 original plane thereof to form box sectional posts.
adjacent the corner of the car, and thus theSr>
project outwardly‘therefrom, and, consequently,
the overall width of the car must be considered
from the ladder iron and not from the car walls.
It is thus apparent that considerable lading spacel
3. In a railway car having spaced cross bearersk
and a sill resting upon and secured to said bear-ers, the combination of a wall formed of a metal
'lic plate with integral inwardly projectingU~`
40 shaped lspaced apart posts extending from the
original plane of the plate; a top chord formedl
integrally with said plate comprising upwardly
vand inwardly inclined portions >extending be-Á
is thereby lost, and to overcome which, in the
modification shown in Fig. 12, the panels 6| and
posts 62 are pressed inwardly a distance about
equal to the projectionof the ladder irons, and ` >tween and merging into said posts; a vertical
then the ladder irons are applied to the bottom 45 inner portion extending continuously between»
of the panels so that in this manner there is no
and over said posts; a horizontal portion extend~
overall width of the car lost. The other panels
ing outwardly therefrom and an louter Vertical
of the car are pressed outwardly from the side
,portion vdepending from the horizontal portion
wall plates as in the previously described modifi
‘ substantially flush with the original plane‘rof the
50 plate; the lower edge of said outer vertical 4por
cations.
Figs. 6, '7 and 8 show the corner construction
tion of the top chord being welded to said plate
of the car and the method of attaching the end
in substantially the original plane thereof, and>
wall 40 to the side wall. The end wall 40 pref
reinforcing members being secured to Vsaid plate
erably comprises a metallic plate formed with 4 ` in substantially the original plane thereof to formV
a plurality'of corrugations 4l forming beams to
box sectional posts, said integral posts extending
transmit any load imposed thereon to the side
downwardly below said sill and secured to said>
walls. The corner construction shown in Fig. 6
cross bearers andthe lower margin of said metal
is disclosed and claimed in Jumper and Gilpin î., lic plate being secured to saidsill.
Patent No. 2,185,168 of December 26, 1939. Fig.
4. A wall for a railway car; said wall being
'7 shows how the upper part 43 of the corner post
formed of ñat sheet material pressed to form out
44 is formed to accommodate the top lchord 6 of
wardly extending panels separated by inwardly
the side wall. Fig. 8 is a section on line 8--8
extending channel posts, a chord formed inte
of Fig. 7 to show the end wall plate 40 secured
vgrally with said sheet and comprising ,upwardly>
to both of the vertical portions 8 and 9 of the
' and inwardly inclined portions extending in align
top chord.
ment between said posts,_an inner portion extend
From the foregoing it is obvious that in all
ing continuously over said posts, a horizontal'
modifications the entire side wall may be con
portion extending outwardly from> the upper edge
structed of one plate formed as above described,
.of said inner portionand an outer portion de-or, in the case of a long car, of a plurality of said
pending from the horizontal portion substantially
plates welded together end to end.
70
flush with the original plane of said sheet,¿4
The accompanying drawings illustrate the pre
whereby the outer surface of said car wall is inv
ferred form of the invention, though it is to be
substantially a single plane.
understood that the invention is not limited to
5. A wall for a railway car; said wall‘being
the exact details of construction shown and de->
formedof `ñatmsheet material pressed Yto form,y
scribed, as it is obvious that various modifica
2,403,467
5
6
outwardly extending panels separated by _in
9. A wall for a railway car, said wall being
formed of flat sheet material pressed to form out
wardly extending channel posts, a chord formed
integrally with said sheet and comprising up
wardly extending panels separated by inwardly
wardly and inwardly inclined portions extending
in alignment between said posts, an inner portion
extending channel posts, and a chord, said chord
comprising spaced inner and outer portions of
extending continuously over said posts, a hori
zontal portion extending outwardly from the
unequal width connected at their upper edges
by a portion extending continuously over said
upper edge of said inner portion and an outer
posts, and inclined portions extending between
portion depending from the horizontal portion
the lower edges of said inner and outer portions
substantially flush with ‘the original plane of 10 between said posts and forming parts of said
said sheet, reinforcing members spanning cer
panels, said panels projecting outwardly from the
tain of said posts and secured at opposite edges
interior of the car to increase the cubical capacity
thereof to said sheet to form a box structure,
whereby the outer surface of said car wall is in
substantially a single plane.
of the car.
10. A wall for a railway car, said wall being
15 formed of ñat sheet material pressed to form out
wardly extending panels separated by inwardly
extending channel posts, the margin of said sheet
6. A wall for a railway car; said wall being
formed of flat sheet material pressed to form
outwardly extending panels separated by inwardlybeyond the panels being formed into a box struc
extending channel posts, top and bottom chords
tural chord comprising spaced inner and outer
formed integrally with said sheet and comprising
portions of unequal width connected at their
inclined portions extending in opposite directions
upper edges by a horizontal portion, and an in
clined portion extending between the lower edges
from the outer to the inner plane of the sheet,
vertical portions extending from the upper and
of said inner and outer portions and forming a
part of said panels, said panels projecting out
lower edges of the inclined portions, continuous
horizontal portions extending from the upper and 25 wardly from the interior of the car to increase
the cubical capacity of the car.
lower edges of the inner vertical portions, and
l1. A railway car wall formed of a metallic
outer vertical portions extending toward each
sheet bent upon itself along a horizontal line
other from the outer edges of the horizontal por
with the free edge of said sheet secured thereto
tions to the upper and lower corners of the outer
plane of said panels, whereby the outer surface 30 substantially along said horizontal line so as to
of said car wall is in substantially a single plane.
form a hollow, continuous chord member, said
sheet also formed with spaced inwardly project
7. A wall for a railway car resting upon spaced
ing integral U-shaped vertical posts overlapping
apart cross bearers, said wall being formed of flat
and merging into said chord so that a portion of
sheet material pressed to form outwardly extend
ing panels separated by inwardly extending chan 35 said chord and portions of said posts form mar
gins of outwardly projecting panels to increase
nel posts, top and bottom chords formed inte
the cubical capacity of the car.
i
grally with said sheet and comprising inclined
12. A wall for a railway car formed of a metal
portions extending in opposite’directions from
lic plate with integral inwardly projecting U
the outer to the inner plane of the sheet, vertical
portions extending from the upper and lower 40 shaped spaced apart posts extending from the
original plane of the plate; a top chord formed
edges of the inclined portions, continuous hori
integrally with said plate comprising upwardly
zontal portions extending from the upper and
and inwardly inclined portions extending between
lower edges of the inner vertical portions, and
and merging into said posts; a horizontal portion
outer vertical portions extending toward each
45
extending outwardly therefrom, and an outer
vertical portion depending from the horizontal
portion substantially flush with the original
plane of said panels, reinforcing members span
plane of the plate, the lower edge of said outer
ning certain of said posts and secured at opposite
edges thereof to said sheet to form a box struc 50 Vertical portion of the top chord being Welded
to said plate in substantially the original plane
ture, said reinforcing members extending below
thereof.
said lower chord and secured to said cross bearers.
other from the outer edges of the horizontal por
tions to the upper and lower corner of the outer
13. A structure as defined in claim 11 including
8. A wall for a railway car resting upon spaced
a member overlapping said U-shaped posts and
apart cross bearers, said wall being formed of flat
sheet material pressed to form outwardly extend 55 secured thereto where said chord and posts
overlap.
ing panels separated by inwardly extending chan
14. A structure as defined in claim 12 including
nel postsl top and bottom chords formed inte
a member overlapping said U-shaped posts and
grally with said sheet and comprising inclined
secured thereto to form a continuity of said in
portions extending in opposite directions from
the outer to the inner plane of the sheet, vertical 60 clined portion.
15. A railway car wall formed of a metallic
portions extending from the upper and lower
plate bent to form a hollow inwardly projecting
edges of the inclined portions, continuous hori
chord comprising a vertical portion, an upwardly
zontal portions extending from the upper and
and inwardly inclined portion and a part con
lower edges of the inner vertical portions, and
outer Vertical portions extending toward each 65 necting the upper margins of said portions, the
lower margins of said portions being secured
other from the outer edges of the horizontal por
together, said plate also -formed withintegral,
tions to the upper and lower corner of the outer
Vertical, inwardly projecting U-shaped posts
plane of said panels, reinforcing members span
merging into one of said portions to form an
ning certain of said posts and secured at opposite
overlapping relation between said chords and
edges thereof to said sheet to form a box struc
ture, said reinforcing members extending below 70. said posts so that said plate between said postsv
forms outwardly projecting panels to increase the
said lower chord and secured to said cross bear
capacity of the car.
ers, and floor plates resting upon and secured
JAMES S, SWANN.
to said cross bearers and to said bottom chord
t0 anchor said post,
75
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