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Патент USA US2403593

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_ July 9, 19465
Filed Sept. 9 , 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
T 1
Patented July 9, 1946
Robert B. W. Franklin, Dallas, Tex.
Application september 9, 1944, serial No. 553,324
5 Claims.
< C1. 27 2-33 l
frame of the riding device and which consists
of a plurality of uprights I I in spaced apart
groups. While it is obvious that these uprights,
as other elements of the supporting and rotating
frame, may be constructed of any suitable mate
rial, it is preferred that these consist of pipe, suit
ably tapped and threaded and connected together
with appropriate fittings such as elbows, T’s,
This invention relates to amusement devices
and it has particular reference to a counterbal
anced seat carrying frame supported for rotation
on a transverse axis through a 360° angle,
The principal object of the invention is to pro
vide a riding device which requires no power for
its operation other than that supplied by the
involuntary action of the riders oppositely seated
unions, nipples, flanges and the like.
in the frame, which involuntary action will be
It has been found that by using pipe in the con
such as to exert opposite and alternate thrusts 10
struction of the device the latter can be readily
assembled and disassembled to facilitate removal
from place to place by reasonv of adaptability of
the device to fairs, Carnivals and the like.
the seating frame is rotatably mounted. The '
The uprights IIsupport a shaft I2 and'midway
result is that> the seating frame will continue to 15
between the ends of this member, there is formed
rotate until interrupted by the application of'a
what may be referred to as a stationary crank
brake or by the concerted effort of both riders
pin i3, on each side of which is journaled bear
to resist the action involuntarily imposed as the
ings it, affording the sole support for the rotat
rotating frame reaches certain positions in its
20 able riding frame which will now be described.
travel radius.
`The riding frame consists primarily of two
Another object of the invention is to provide
transverse and relatively parallel members or
an amusement device in which maximum safety
pipes I5, supported intermediate their ends by
features have been incorporated and to insure
the bearings I_4. One of these pipes has an elbow
uniformity oi balance and consequent equal dis
on complementary and interconnected hand
levers which have joint and eccentric connection
to that part of the supporting frame on which
tribution, in cases where there is a diiïerential 25 I6 at each end, forming a connection for a short
pipe il, disposed at right angles to the pipe I5
between the weight of the riders, a sliding coun
and aligned behind and supporting the back I3
terbalance is incorporated as well as an auxiliary
of the seat I9 at each end ofthe riding frame.
and detachable counterbalance.
The companion. pipe I5 terminates shortof the
Another object of the invention is to provide
a machine of the character described having 30 seats Itand carries an elbow 20 on each end, the
latter in turn receiving a short section of pipe 2l
facilities for the safe loading and unloading of
which latter extends downwardly and is con
passengers, with provision for-.the gradual slow
nected to a T 22. This T 22 receives the end of
ing and stopping of the machine, through the
the longitudinal pipe 23, extending lengthwise of
medium of a brake adapted to be operated by an
35 the riding frame below and in parallel relationm
ship with the upper pipes I5. There are two of
With the foregoing objects as paramount, the
such pipes 23, one on each side of the riding frame
invention has further reference to certain fea
below the pipes I5 and which reinforce the riding
tures of accomplishment which will become ap
frame longitudinally.
parent as the description proceeds, taken in con
nection with the accompanying drawings where 40 ' In axial alignment with the pipes 23 are short
pipe sections 24, on whose ends are mounted el
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a riding de
vice constructed according to the present inven
Figure 2 is a detail view in section of a coun
bows 25, into which are threaded short, vertical
pipes 26. On the tops of these pipes are mounted
elbows 21, into which are threaded theends of
transverse pipes 28 (Figure 4;), which underlie
the forward edges of and provide support for the
seats IB. In parallelism with pipes 26 are pipes
23, to which the ends of the pipes 28 are joined
secured to one of the seats.
by means of T’s 30.
'Figure 3 is a side elevational view of the ma
Foot boards 3| extend between the lower rein
chine and,
forcing pipes 23, with their ends resting upon the
Figure 4 is a plan view thereof.
short extension pipe sections 24. The spacing
Continuing with a more detailed description of
terbalance auxiliary to the sliding counterbalance
on the machine frame, adapted to be detachably
the drawings, reference numeral I0 denotes a base
which may be constructed of concrete or other
materialr and on which is disposed the supporting „
between the vertical and relatively parallel pipes '
2l and 26 provide an area through which a pas
senger may pass when taking his position on one
of the seats I9 and after having been seated,
After the frame gains momentum, continued
straps 32 are buckled in over his thighs while
straps 33 are extended about his torso as a safety
rotation is a result of the involuntary action of
the passengers themselves.
To insure such involuntary propulsion of the
riding frame about its axis by the passengers,
the crank pin I3 should be disposed on a hori
zontal plane rather than on the vertical plane
as shown, but so illustrated to better exemplify
Inasmuch as the riding frame is adapted to
rotate in a complete circle about the supporting
shaft I2, loading of'the riding frame must be
eifected with the latter in the horizontal position
shown in Figure 3. In this position, the seats I9
the same in Figure l. By disposing the crank on
are obviously well above the base I D and the pas
sengers of necessity must be provided with means
for reaching them. This means consists of step
ladders 34, two of which are employed, one ,sup-_
porting one end of the riding frame while another
a horizontal plane, the pitman 42 will be on sub
stantially dead-center position in relation t0 the
crank pin at the starting position or, in other
words, when the frame is on a horizontal plane.
Thus, the propelling force depended upon for
involuntary propulsion is reserved until the frame
supports the opposite end. Figure 3 shows only
one of such stepladders but actually another is
is at such an angle as to make it obligatory or at
disposed similarly in relation to the opposite end
least instinctive for the ascending passenger to
support himself by the handle b-ars 35, thereby
imposing a propelling force on the pitman, while
of the frame. After each rider has mounted the
stepladder and has taken his position in the seat
I9, he is strapped in and both stepladders are
removed.v Each rider grasps hand grips 35 with
both hands and through cooperative effort, the
connecting rod 36 is reciprocated.
The connecting rod 36 which is longitudinally
adjusted through the union 31 is connected at 25
the descending passenger, for the same reason,
will exert an equal propelling force on the com
plementary handle bars.V The result is obvious,
i. e., the frame will continue to revolve until the
brake is appliedV by an attendant. For example,
when the passenger on the right in Figure 3 ap
one end to a pipe 38 which extends between rela
proaches the bottom of thc circuit, his subcon
tively parallel pipe sections 39 and these pipe
scious impulse is to support himself by the hand
sections in turn provide connections between the
grips 35, and in so doing he exerts a greater pull
hand grips 35 and a transverse mounting 49
on the connecting rod 36 than he normally would
which latter extends between the two upper and 30 in other positions of the circuit. Conversely, his
relatively parallel pipes I5. The opposite end of
companion, in an effort to resist gravity in a
the interconnecting pipe 36 is journaled in a bear
diametrical position in the circuit, will involun
ing 4 I , mounted near the upper end of the pitman
tarily impose his entire weight on the hand grips
42. The upper end of the pitman 42 is oscillata
35 and as a consequence he imposes a greater
bly connected to the transverse pipe 38 of the
thrust on the connecting rod 36. These effects
operating assembly adjacent one operator and
has its lower end similarly connected at 43 to
occur alternately ’ and unless bothv passengers
collar 45. Inasmuch as the riding frame unoccu
The ends of these straps are connected to one
end of a rod or a pipe
whose opposite end
simultaneously exert a concerted eiîort opposite
the crank I3.
to that of their natural impulse and against the
It has been stated previously that to insure
normal movement of the hand grips, the riding
equilibrium between passengers having different -10 frame will continue to revolve unless otherwise
weights, suitable provision is made to bring about
stopped by an attendant.
equal distribution of weight. This provision is
In order to control rotation of _the frame, a
made through the medium of a pipe 44 which
brake drum 50 is mounted on the shaft I2 but
is disposed in parallel relationship above one of
isV connected to one of the bearings I4 so that
the longitudinal pipes I5. Slidable on the pipe ‘ it will revolve with the frame. A brake band 5I
44 is a cylindrical weight 45, which is lockable
surrounds the drum 5I! and to its ends are con
in adjusted positions on the pipe 44 by a lock
nected straps 52.
pied, is in true balance, any overbalance would
be due to variation in weight of the two passen
gers. This is compensated for by moving the
sliding counterbalance 45 to a position nearest
the passenger of the lightest weight and locked
in position. Should there remain any difference
in weight, the auxiliary counterbalance shown in
Figure 2 is applied. The auxiliary counterbal
ance 41, which latter consists of heavy blocks of
is secured to an oscillatablle, transverse pipe 54,
mounted on the inner of the series supporting
pipes and uprights II. A strap 55 is connected
to the inner end of the pipe 53 at one end and to
the upper end of a lever E6. The lever 56 is piv
' otally mounted at 51 on the base ID and is pro
vided with a handle 58 at its upper end. An op
erator standing beside the machine and bearing
metal provided with spaced apertures, is mounted
on pins 48,- anchored in and extending outwardly
down on the handle 58 of the lever 56 will exert
a pull on the strap 55 to move the pipe 53 down
from the back I8 of one of the seats I9. The 60 wardly and thereby exert a pull upon the straps
spring retaining clips 49 are ñxed to each side of
52 to contract the band 5I on the drum 50 to stop
the back I8 and when the counterbalancing blocks
the frame from rotating.
41 are in position on the pins 48, the clips 49
Manifestly, the construction as shown and de
spring into position to positively hold these blocks
scribed is capable of some modification and such
against displacement. They are removed by 65 modification as may be 'construed to fall within
springing the clipsï 49 outwardly to enable the
the scope and meaning of the appended claims
blocks to be drawn ofi the pins.
is also considered to be within the spirit and
In operation, the passengers take their posi
intent of the invention.
tions in the seats I9 and are held therein by straps
What is claimed is:
32 and 33. By joint effort, the connecting rod 70
l. An amusement apparatus including parallel
36 is pushed by one passenger and pulled by the
ruprights supporting a shaft at its ends, a crank
other and a similar force is jointly applied, to
pin midway between the ends of the latter, a
the pitman 42. The obvious result would be a
rotatable frame suspended intermediate its ends
displacement of the riding frame by reason of
to said shaft and havingpassenger seats at each
the thrust imposed through the crank pin I3. 75 end thereof, transverse shafts mounted on said
frame, spaced inwardly from said seats, manually
actuated cross-members oscillatably mounted on
said shafts, means interconnecting said cross
members, a pitman connecting one of said cross
members with said crank pin whereby manipula
tion of said cross members will constrain said
frame to revolve on its supporting shaft, means
for counterbalincing the load on said frame and
brake means for resisting rotation of said frame.
end and mounted for rotation about a transverse
axis midway between its ends, a crank pin inter
mediate the ends of said axis, a pitman connected
to said crank pin, and means jointly actuated by
passengers in said seats for alternately imposing
compressive and tensional stresses on said pitman
to effect continuous displacement of said frame,
contraining the same to rotate on said transverse
4. A device as described in claim 3, further de
2. An amusement apparatus including an elon 10
fined in that a brake drum is mounted on the
gated frame suspended for rotation on. a trans
frame at said transverse axis and surrounded by
verse axis and having passenger seats at each
a brake band, and means for «contracting said
end thereof, hand actuated cross-members recip
brake lband on said drum from a position beside
rocably disposed forwardly of each of said seats
the said device.
and interconnected for common reciprocation, a
5. A riding device including a frame having
crank pin intermediate the ends of the axis of
seats accommodating two passengers, and mount
said frame, a pitman rod connecting one of said
ed on a horizontal axis, the latter having a crank
cross-members with said crank pin whereby
movements of said cross-members will be effective
to rotate said frame through displacements there
pin, and hand bars arranged relative to said
of by said crank pin.
3. An amusement apparatus including an elon
tarily propel said frame around said axis.
gated frame having confronting seats at each
seats to cause the passengers therein to involun
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