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_ July 9, 19465 2,403,593 R. B. w. FRANKLIN AMUSEMENT DEVICE Filed Sept. 9 , 1944 .55i J 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 .52 T 1 lJ0 INVENTOR. 2,403,593 Patented July 9, 1946 UNITED iSTATES PATENT QFMCE 2,403,593 AMUSEMENT DEVICE Robert B. W. Franklin, Dallas, Tex. Application september 9, 1944, serial No. 553,324 5 Claims. < C1. 27 2-33 l 2 1 frame of the riding device and which consists of a plurality of uprights I I in spaced apart groups. While it is obvious that these uprights, as other elements of the supporting and rotating frame, may be constructed of any suitable mate rial, it is preferred that these consist of pipe, suit ably tapped and threaded and connected together with appropriate fittings such as elbows, T’s, This invention relates to amusement devices and it has particular reference to a counterbal anced seat carrying frame supported for rotation on a transverse axis through a 360° angle, The principal object of the invention is to pro vide a riding device which requires no power for its operation other than that supplied by the involuntary action of the riders oppositely seated unions, nipples, flanges and the like. in the frame, which involuntary action will be It has been found that by using pipe in the con such as to exert opposite and alternate thrusts 10 struction of the device the latter can be readily assembled and disassembled to facilitate removal from place to place by reasonv of adaptability of the device to fairs, Carnivals and the like. the seating frame is rotatably mounted. The ' The uprights IIsupport a shaft I2 and'midway result is that> the seating frame will continue to 15 between the ends of this member, there is formed rotate until interrupted by the application of'a what may be referred to as a stationary crank brake or by the concerted effort of both riders pin i3, on each side of which is journaled bear to resist the action involuntarily imposed as the ings it, affording the sole support for the rotat rotating frame reaches certain positions in its 20 able riding frame which will now be described. travel radius. `The riding frame consists primarily of two Another object of the invention is to provide transverse and relatively parallel members or an amusement device in which maximum safety pipes I5, supported intermediate their ends by features have been incorporated and to insure the bearings I_4. One of these pipes has an elbow uniformity oi balance and consequent equal dis on complementary and interconnected hand levers which have joint and eccentric connection to that part of the supporting frame on which tribution, in cases where there is a diiïerential 25 I6 at each end, forming a connection for a short pipe il, disposed at right angles to the pipe I5 between the weight of the riders, a sliding coun and aligned behind and supporting the back I3 terbalance is incorporated as well as an auxiliary of the seat I9 at each end ofthe riding frame. and detachable counterbalance. The companion. pipe I5 terminates shortof the Another object of the invention is to provide a machine of the character described having 30 seats Itand carries an elbow 20 on each end, the latter in turn receiving a short section of pipe 2l facilities for the safe loading and unloading of which latter extends downwardly and is con passengers, with provision for-.the gradual slow nected to a T 22. This T 22 receives the end of ing and stopping of the machine, through the the longitudinal pipe 23, extending lengthwise of medium of a brake adapted to be operated by an 35 the riding frame below and in parallel relationm attendant. ship with the upper pipes I5. There are two of With the foregoing objects as paramount, the such pipes 23, one on each side of the riding frame invention has further reference to certain fea below the pipes I5 and which reinforce the riding tures of accomplishment which will become ap frame longitudinally. parent as the description proceeds, taken in con nection with the accompanying drawings where 40 ' In axial alignment with the pipes 23 are short pipe sections 24, on whose ends are mounted el in: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a riding de vice constructed according to the present inven tion. Figure 2 is a detail view in section of a coun bows 25, into which are threaded short, vertical pipes 26. On the tops of these pipes are mounted elbows 21, into which are threaded theends of 4.5 transverse pipes 28 (Figure 4;), which underlie the forward edges of and provide support for the seats IB. In parallelism with pipes 26 are pipes 23, to which the ends of the pipes 28 are joined secured to one of the seats. by means of T’s 30. 'Figure 3 is a side elevational view of the ma Foot boards 3| extend between the lower rein 50 chine and, forcing pipes 23, with their ends resting upon the Figure 4 is a plan view thereof. short extension pipe sections 24. The spacing Continuing with a more detailed description of terbalance auxiliary to the sliding counterbalance on the machine frame, adapted to be detachably the drawings, reference numeral I0 denotes a base which may be constructed of concrete or other materialr and on which is disposed the supporting „ between the vertical and relatively parallel pipes ' 2l and 26 provide an area through which a pas senger may pass when taking his position on one 2,403,593 3 4 of the seats I9 and after having been seated, After the frame gains momentum, continued straps 32 are buckled in over his thighs while straps 33 are extended about his torso as a safety rotation is a result of the involuntary action of the passengers themselves. To insure such involuntary propulsion of the riding frame about its axis by the passengers, the crank pin I3 should be disposed on a hori zontal plane rather than on the vertical plane as shown, but so illustrated to better exemplify measure. Inasmuch as the riding frame is adapted to rotate in a complete circle about the supporting shaft I2, loading of'the riding frame must be eifected with the latter in the horizontal position shown in Figure 3. In this position, the seats I9 the same in Figure l. By disposing the crank on are obviously well above the base I D and the pas sengers of necessity must be provided with means for reaching them. This means consists of step ladders 34, two of which are employed, one ,sup-_ porting one end of the riding frame while another a horizontal plane, the pitman 42 will be on sub stantially dead-center position in relation t0 the crank pin at the starting position or, in other words, when the frame is on a horizontal plane. Thus, the propelling force depended upon for involuntary propulsion is reserved until the frame supports the opposite end. Figure 3 shows only one of such stepladders but actually another is is at such an angle as to make it obligatory or at disposed similarly in relation to the opposite end least instinctive for the ascending passenger to support himself by the handle b-ars 35, thereby imposing a propelling force on the pitman, while of the frame. After each rider has mounted the stepladder and has taken his position in the seat I9, he is strapped in and both stepladders are removed.v Each rider grasps hand grips 35 with both hands and through cooperative effort, the connecting rod 36 is reciprocated. The connecting rod 36 which is longitudinally adjusted through the union 31 is connected at 25 the descending passenger, for the same reason, will exert an equal propelling force on the com plementary handle bars.V The result is obvious, i. e., the frame will continue to revolve until the brake is appliedV by an attendant. For example, when the passenger on the right in Figure 3 ap one end to a pipe 38 which extends between rela proaches the bottom of thc circuit, his subcon tively parallel pipe sections 39 and these pipe scious impulse is to support himself by the hand sections in turn provide connections between the grips 35, and in so doing he exerts a greater pull hand grips 35 and a transverse mounting 49 on the connecting rod 36 than he normally would which latter extends between the two upper and 30 in other positions of the circuit. Conversely, his relatively parallel pipes I5. The opposite end of companion, in an effort to resist gravity in a the interconnecting pipe 36 is journaled in a bear diametrical position in the circuit, will involun ing 4 I , mounted near the upper end of the pitman tarily impose his entire weight on the hand grips 42. The upper end of the pitman 42 is oscillata 35 and as a consequence he imposes a greater bly connected to the transverse pipe 38 of the thrust on the connecting rod 36. These effects operating assembly adjacent one operator and has its lower end similarly connected at 43 to occur alternately ’ and unless bothv passengers collar 45. Inasmuch as the riding frame unoccu The ends of these straps are connected to one end of a rod or a pipe whose opposite end simultaneously exert a concerted eiîort opposite the crank I3. . to that of their natural impulse and against the It has been stated previously that to insure normal movement of the hand grips, the riding equilibrium between passengers having different -10 frame will continue to revolve unless otherwise weights, suitable provision is made to bring about stopped by an attendant. equal distribution of weight. This provision is In order to control rotation of _the frame, a made through the medium of a pipe 44 which brake drum 50 is mounted on the shaft I2 but is disposed in parallel relationship above one of isV connected to one of the bearings I4 so that the longitudinal pipes I5. Slidable on the pipe ‘ it will revolve with the frame. A brake band 5I 44 is a cylindrical weight 45, which is lockable surrounds the drum 5I! and to its ends are con in adjusted positions on the pipe 44 by a lock nected straps 52. ’ pied, is in true balance, any overbalance would be due to variation in weight of the two passen gers. This is compensated for by moving the sliding counterbalance 45 to a position nearest the passenger of the lightest weight and locked in position. Should there remain any difference in weight, the auxiliary counterbalance shown in Figure 2 is applied. The auxiliary counterbal ance 41, which latter consists of heavy blocks of is secured to an oscillatablle, transverse pipe 54, mounted on the inner of the series supporting pipes and uprights II. A strap 55 is connected to the inner end of the pipe 53 at one end and to the upper end of a lever E6. The lever 56 is piv ' otally mounted at 51 on the base ID and is pro vided with a handle 58 at its upper end. An op erator standing beside the machine and bearing metal provided with spaced apertures, is mounted on pins 48,- anchored in and extending outwardly down on the handle 58 of the lever 56 will exert a pull on the strap 55 to move the pipe 53 down from the back I8 of one of the seats I9. The 60 wardly and thereby exert a pull upon the straps spring retaining clips 49 are ñxed to each side of 52 to contract the band 5I on the drum 50 to stop the back I8 and when the counterbalancing blocks the frame from rotating. 41 are in position on the pins 48, the clips 49 Manifestly, the construction as shown and de spring into position to positively hold these blocks scribed is capable of some modification and such against displacement. They are removed by 65 modification as may be 'construed to fall within springing the clipsï 49 outwardly to enable the the scope and meaning of the appended claims blocks to be drawn ofi the pins. is also considered to be within the spirit and In operation, the passengers take their posi intent of the invention. tions in the seats I9 and are held therein by straps What is claimed is: 32 and 33. By joint effort, the connecting rod 70 l. An amusement apparatus including parallel 36 is pushed by one passenger and pulled by the ruprights supporting a shaft at its ends, a crank other and a similar force is jointly applied, to pin midway between the ends of the latter, a the pitman 42. The obvious result would be a rotatable frame suspended intermediate its ends displacement of the riding frame by reason of to said shaft and havingpassenger seats at each the thrust imposed through the crank pin I3. 75 end thereof, transverse shafts mounted on said 2,403,593 5 frame, spaced inwardly from said seats, manually actuated cross-members oscillatably mounted on said shafts, means interconnecting said cross members, a pitman connecting one of said cross members with said crank pin whereby manipula tion of said cross members will constrain said frame to revolve on its supporting shaft, means for counterbalincing the load on said frame and brake means for resisting rotation of said frame. 6 end and mounted for rotation about a transverse axis midway between its ends, a crank pin inter mediate the ends of said axis, a pitman connected to said crank pin, and means jointly actuated by passengers in said seats for alternately imposing compressive and tensional stresses on said pitman to effect continuous displacement of said frame, contraining the same to rotate on said transverse axis. 4. A device as described in claim 3, further de 2. An amusement apparatus including an elon 10 fined in that a brake drum is mounted on the gated frame suspended for rotation on. a trans frame at said transverse axis and surrounded by verse axis and having passenger seats at each a brake band, and means for «contracting said end thereof, hand actuated cross-members recip brake lband on said drum from a position beside rocably disposed forwardly of each of said seats the said device. and interconnected for common reciprocation, a 5. A riding device including a frame having crank pin intermediate the ends of the axis of seats accommodating two passengers, and mount said frame, a pitman rod connecting one of said ed on a horizontal axis, the latter having a crank cross-members with said crank pin whereby movements of said cross-members will be effective to rotate said frame through displacements there pin, and hand bars arranged relative to said of by said crank pin. 3. An amusement apparatus including an elon tarily propel said frame around said axis. gated frame having confronting seats at each seats to cause the passengers therein to involun ROBERT B. W. FRANKLIN.