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Патент USA US2403596

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Julys, 17946. 7
W.> w.l vlfumcaREfrr
VENTILATOR
Filed Dec. 8, 1944-
12,403,596
Patented July 9, 1946
2,403,596
UNITED STATES PATENT _ OFFICE
2,403,596
'
VENTILATOR
Wilson W. Hargrett, Wyandotte, Mich.
Application December 8, 1944, Serial No. 567,200
2 Claims.
(Cl. 98-99)
2
This invention relates to improvements in ven
tilators. It is an object of the invention to pro~
vide. a ventilator including ka downwardly and out
wardly inclined deiiector plate spaced above the
bottom of a window frame opening and secured
therein so that a sash may rest upon the said
.
plate 9 made either in one piece as shown in
Figures l and 2, or in two pieces as shown in
Figures 3, 5 and 6, and two supports l0 on which
the opposite extremities of the defiector plate are
secured. When the deilector plate is made in
two pieces they are both of substantially the same
deñector plate to allow fresh air to flow inwardly
cross section and are relatively slidable one upon
between the underside of the latter and the bot~
the other transversely of the windowirame l to
tom of the> frame opening and at the same time
adjust the length of the ventilator to suit win
to prevent rain from' entering.
dows of different Widths. Formed along the in
Another object of the invention is to provide
ner margin of the deîiector plate. 9, or along
such @ventilator wherein a, ledge is provided along
4both pieces or sections thereof, is an upturned
the inner side of the deflector plate to support
flange l! which is adapted to lie adjacent the
the lower rail of the window sash and wherein
inner face of the underside of the lower sash 6,
means are provided for preventing raising of the 15 and formed in the ilange Il are vertical open
sash from the outside.
ended slots l2 extending from its upper margin
A further object of the invention is to provide
to receive suitable securing means, such as thumb
such a ventilator with a movable closure plate for
screws l2a, which are threaded intothe lower
closing the opening between the deflector plate
rail of the bottom sash 6 from the inside to engage
and the bottom of the frame opening so» that in 20 ‘the flange Il and prevent the sash being raised
extremely cold or windy weather the ilow of air
from without. Forming part of the deflector
beneath the deflec‘tor plate may be stopped.
plate, or of each piece thereof when it is made
Yet another object of the invention is to pro
in two pieces, and projecting outwardly from the
vide such a ventilator in one modiñcation of which
base of the flange Il is a ledge I3 upon which
both the deñector plate and the closure plate are 25 the lower sash 6 rests, and projecting outwardly
adjustable for length so that the ventilator may
from the ledge, o1' ledges, I3 the deflector plate,
be employed for windows of diiîerent widths.
or each piece thereof, is downwardly and out
Having thus briefly and broadly stated sonne
wardly inclined and terminates along its outer
margin in a downwardly and inwardly rolled edge
Will now describe it with the aid» of the accom 30 i4. It will be noted that the total outward pro
panying drawing, in which:
jection of the de?lector plate is such that its rolled
Figure l illustrates a cross section of the» lower
edge i4 is positioned inwardly of the outer faces
portion of a window frame in which the inven
of the vertical strips l5 which form the outer
of the objects and advantages of the invention I
tion is mounted, and is shown as a section on
the line I_I of Figure 2.
Figure 2 is a section on the line 2_2 of Fig
sides of the stile grooves 3 against which a screen
l@ is normally secured.
Thus my ventilator in
ure 1`.
no wise interferes with the installation of a screen
in the normal manner.
Figure 3 is an enlarged section on the line 3_3
of Figure 2, but showing a slight modification in
that the deflector plate is made in two sections.
Figure 4 is a section on the line 4_4 of Fig
one or more elongated slots l1 are formed through
ure 3.
Figure 5 is a disassembled perspective view
When the deñector plate is made in two pieces
each piece, and a slot in each piece is arranged
at least in partial registry with a slot in the other
piece so that a bolt i8 may be inserted through
both pieces of the plate to hold their overlapping
ends together with the aid of a screw I9'. Ob
showing the modified form of the deñector plate
and the closure plate, one support and one pad. 45 viously by moving the two pieces of the deiiector
Figure 6 is a section on the line 6_6 of Fig
plate 9 relative to one another the total length
ure 3.
of the plate may be adjusted to suit the width
Referring to the drawing, I designates a con
of the window in which it is to be employed.
verrtional window frame having a usual opening
Formed on the outer extremities of the de
2 therein provided on opposite sides with ordinary ' llector plate 9, or on the outer extremity of each
stile grooves 3 and 4 to receive opposite vertical
piece thereof, are tongues 20 which extend into
margins of an upper sash (not shown) and a
the stile grooves 3 and 4 on opposite sides of the
lower sash 6 respectively, and parting strips 'l
frame opening 2. Each support iii consists of
dividing the grooves 3 and 4.
a vertical portion 2l of angle-section having a
'I'he ventilator consists primarily of a deiiector 55 relatively small foot 22 at its lower extremity
2,403,596
4
which projects toward the foot on the opposite
vertical portion 2|, and extending from its upper
extremity are tongues 23 which extend into the
stile grooves 3 and 4 beneath the tongues 2i! to
support the latter. Inserted between the tongues
20 and 23, which are riveted or otherwise suitably
secured to one another as shown at 25, are felt
pads 21 the edges of which project inwardly be
tween the tongues as the size of the stile grooves
means consists of curved resilient contact edges
34 formed for a short distance along the outer
margin of the closure plate 32 from its outer ex
tremities which are positioned to resiliently en
gage the rolled edge I4 of the deflector plate 9
so that the closure plate is suñiciently held there
to to prevent it accidentally dropping to its low
ered position.
While in the foregoing the preferred embodi- '
3 and 4 in different windows is apt to vary, and
ments of the invention have been described and
by making the pads larger than the tongues they
shown, it is understood that further alterations
and modifications may be made thereto provided
will occupy the full Width and depth of larger
grooves and thus assist in firmly holding the
ventilator in position. One flange 2id of each
angle-shaped vertical portion 2| bears against
the outer face of one parting strip ’l and across
the outer and inner stile grooves 3 and_4, and
the other flange of each of the vertical portions
bears against the inner vertical side of one of
the inner stile grooves 4, Extending through each 20
the said alterations and modifications fall within
the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1.'A ventilator comprising supports including
angle-shaped vertical portions, feet projecting
from the lower extremities of said portions for
attachment to opposite sides of the base of an
opening formed in a window frame, one flange
flange 2Ia is a screw 24 in threaded engagement
of each angle-shaped portion lying contiguous to
with
are secured
one of in
theposition
partingon
strips
the base
1, andofthe
thefeet
frame
the inner face of a stile groove formed inthe
frame and the other flanges resting against strips
defining the stile grooves, tongues on -"said sup
opening 2 as yby screws 25.
I
In addition I also provide a closure plateSZ for
opening and closing the space between the de
ilector plate 9 and the bottom of _the frame open
ing 2, since, unless the ventilator is completely
removed, it is impossible to pull the sash E down
onto cold
very
the bottom
days it of
may
thebeframe
`desirable
opening,
to close
andthis
aperture. The closure plate 32, like the dei’leetor
plate 9, may either be made of a single piece> of
material as shown in Figure 2, or of two relatively
adjustable pieces as shown in Figure 5 and having
-their extremities secured to one another as by a
ports extending into the stile grooves, a deiiector
plate in the frame opening spaced above the bot,
torn thereof, said plate having other tongueson
its extremities supported on the first named
tongues, flexible pads wider than said tongues ar
ranged between the upper and lower tongues,
said plate having a ledge formed along it to
support a sash movable in the stilev grooves, an
upward flange extending from theinnel'r margin
of the ledge’to yrest contiguous to the inner face
of the sash, and the deflector plate extending
downwardly and outwardly from the .ledge to
bolt 38 and nut 39Y extending through both the
form an air passage between it and the underside
said pieces. 'Mounted in the ñanges 2 la are pivot
of the frame opening.
pins 30 on which ears 3l integral with the closure
„2. A ventilator including two vertical supports
plate 32 are mounted; and 33 denotes lugs for 40 having outwardly projecting horizontal tongues
turning the plate 32 about the axis of the pins 39.
at their upper extremities to'extend into stile
In the present instance the pins 3i? are supported
grooves of a window frame and horizontal yreet
for rotation in the ilanges Zia, the ears 3i are
at their lower extremities for attachment. tothe
connected to the pins for rotation therewith, and
underside of the opening in said frame, a deflector
the lugs 33 are formed integral'with the said pins. 45 plate extending across the frame opening and
ThusV by turning the lugs 33 the closure plate 32
supported at its extremities on said tongues, said
is turned about the axis of the pins Si). Thus the
plate having a ledge formed across it to support
closure plate may be turned either so that its
a lower sash in said frame and an upwardly pro
outer margin lies on the base of the frame open
jecting ñange formed across the inner- margin of
ing 2 as indicated at 32a'in Figure 1 to close the 50 the plate outwardly adjacent which the inner
aperture, or so that the outer margin of the
face of the bottom of the lower sash is adapted
closure plate lies contiguous to the outei` margin
to rest,l and said deflector plate projecting down
of the deilector plate 9. Provided on the closure
wardly and outwardly from the said ledge> to form
plate and the deiiector plate are coacting means
an air passage between it and the underside of
for >retaining the former in its open or raised 55 the frame opening.
A
position. In the present instance this retaining
WILSON W. HARGRETT.
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