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Патент USA US2403610

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July 9, 1946. ‘
A. ‘M. PRlD-E‘ .
Filed March v1, 1952
2 Sheets-‘Sheet 1
July 9, 1946.
Filed March '1' 1932
'2 Sheets-Sheet 2
mm N E .Y
Patented July 9, 11946
_- ~ -. > .
Alfred M. Pride, United States Navy
Application March 1, 1932, Serial No. 596,090 - '7
4' Claims.
(01. 240-12)
7 ' (Granted under'the act of March 3, 1883, as
, ‘amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757)
, This invention relates tovmeans for de?ning the
‘deck. 'The re?ecting surfaces on members I5
position and limits of the airplane landing-deck
maybe a suitable white paint or any other ma
terial adapted to the purpose while‘the inner
surface of member 6 is rendered light absorptive
of ‘a ship by'lights visible from 'a very limited
zone only and‘has for its object to provide a
device to assist a pilot to land safely at night
on a vessel under darkened ship conditions.
5' .With‘ the above and other objects 'in view,
to avoid re?ection therefrom to the deck.
'Springs [1 are disposed on bolts I8 ?xed to
the bottom of box 5. Eyes I9 are attached to
the members I5 and slide on bolts I8 above
‘the invention consistsin the construction, com
v‘bination and arrangement of parts as’ will. be
springs IT. The upper edges of members I5 bear
against the lowerfaces of shields 6 and tend to
described more fully hereinafter.
In the drawings:
raise the shields when the latches 8 are turned
Fig. '1 is a schematic view showing the ?ight
ideck'of a vessel'equipped with the present inven
o? the shields, the extent of upward movement
’ being adju'stedby nuts 20 on bolts l8.
tion and van airplanein the position from which
2I ‘connected to hinges 22 of the shields .under
the lights are visible;
15 vtorsional strain assist in raising the shields, but
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the device with one
do not exert su?lcient force to open them beyond
shield closed;
_ thelimit set by nuts 20.
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view on the line
3—3, Fig. 2;
1 Boxes 5 are set in the ‘?ight deck 23 along'the
sides thereof to de?ne the landing area, the two
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view on the 20 shields of each making provision for directing
line 4-4, Fig. 2;
light in either direction above the deck. Pipes ,
24 are provided to drain off any water that
The device comprises a box or housing 5 hav
ing hingedly mounted light shields 6 with down
may pass through around the edges of shields 6.
wardly extending sides ‘I. These shields may be
Connection between the lights I4 and the supply
retained in the closed position by means of latches 25 is made through wires .25 and a distributing ?x
8 or opened to make the light visible over a
ture 26 to which each lamp is connected. As the
zone of the extent desired. Within the hous
shields are resiliently supported when open, pas
ing are longitudinally extending partitions 9 hav- .
sage of the wheel of an airplane over an open
ing apertures I0 covered with glass II so set as
shield will merely move it into the closed posi
to prevent the entry of water into the space in 30 tion and will not damage or obstruct the wheel.
side the partitions. A cover I2 for the space
It is apparent from the foregoing description
within the partitions is secured to the partitions
that the landing area on a vessel equipped with
with water tight sealing strips I3 between the
this invention is well de?ned when viewed from
cover and the partitions, the latches 8 being
the proper position, which would be approxi
mounted on cover I2.
Sources of illumination I4, either incandescent
light globes or glow lamps, are disposed in the
water tight space enclosed by partitions 9 and
cover I2. Since the extent of cover I2 precludes
35 mately known to the pilots of planes attached to
the vessel, but would be invisible from above and
from any other position than in the pyramid
above de?ned. Fig. 1 illustrates an airplane 21
about to land upon a ship provided With such
seeing the light directly, the vertically movable 40 illuminating means. The extent of the zone of
members I5 at the sides of the enclosed space are
prepared to re?ect the light between the edge
of cover I2 and the outer edge of shield 6. Side '
' visibility of the lights is controlled by the degree
. of opening of the shields.
It will be understood that the above description
members ‘I prevent any emission of light in a
and accompanying drawings comprehend only
lateral direction, and therefore the light is con 45 the general and preferred embodiment of my
?ned to a pyramid having its apex de?nedby
invention, and that various changes in construc
the sides ‘I of the shields and the planes I6
tion, proportion and arrangement of parts may
drawn from the upper edge of member I5 over
be made within the scope of the appended claims
the adjacent edge of cover I2 and from the lower
without sacri?cing any of the advantages of my
edge of member I5 over the outer edge of mem 50 invention.
ber 6. It will be observed that the lower limit
The invention described herein may be manu
of the pyramid of light from each opening lies
factured and used by or for the Government of
above the deck and the distance thereof from
the United States of America for governmental
the deck increases proportionately to the distance
purposes without the payment of any royalties
from the opening, and hence no light strikes the 55 thereon or therefor.
I claim:
1. An illuminated marker, comprising a hous
ing, members adapted to close substantially one
side of said housing and hingedly mounted on
said housing, said members having inturned end 5
portions and springs connected to the hinges
thereofltendingdtdmove said imembers outwardly,
meansxhaying transparent side awMlszahdrform
vices to re?ect light outwardly and upwardly
when the ?rst mentioned member is swung out
wardly, means to guide the movement of said
elements, means to move said elements outward
ly to exert a lifting force on said hingedly
mounted members and move the re?ected surface
“into; positionz-toaprojectylightsoutwardly and up
:wa'ftlly, ,andg'sadiustables means ,tolé'tliriiit‘ the out
ward movement of said elements.
ing a water-tight compartment in said housing,
illuminating devices in said compartment, a slidggjg t 3. An illuminated marker, comprising a hous
_ei_ng,i.two.hingedly mounted members having in
ably mounted element disposed to contacteach
“turn'e‘dend portions disposed with their hinged
of said members, each of said elementshaving-a
..-;si‘des.a’djacent each other, resilient means tend
re?ecting surface facing said illuminating Lade
vices to re?ect light outwardly and upwardly . ing to. move saidmembers outwardly, a source
when the ?rst mentioned member‘ isaswung‘out-"qy of'illumination;~means including transparent por
.tionsitorming an enclosure for said source, means
wardly, guide members in said housingiadjacent
to reflectlightthrough the opening in said hous
said elements, a spring on each of saidvguide
members, an eye slidable‘on‘ each‘of'saidggulde 1-,,ingsléftiibyithe, outward movement of either of
said members, resilient means to move said re
members between the-espring‘thereon and the
free end thereof and connected to the adjacent 20 ?ectingmeans outwardly to, exert .a lifting force
‘slidétbletélement vwhereby saidrs'lidable‘relement‘ is “onvsaid'fhirrgedlymounted‘members, and means
“to'f'limit‘the outward movementiof' said 1 reflect
urged-‘upwardly'by' said-springs “to exert a" lifting
‘force on‘ the-:firstmentioned~member;=and adjust
u'mgmeans'" by. saidres‘ilient means.
~'4.""‘An'1illuminated 'markerfcomprising' a hous
members’ to -~limit "the"movement~*of “the ~eyes >g5‘ring; outwardly 'swingablezrmembers‘ mounted on
opposite'sfdes -or said" housing, a‘ sourcefo'f. ‘illumi
“ able" stop means - on‘ the ‘free -'ends- of -said~guide
‘ <2 .' ~An illuminated"marker,-‘nomprising' a‘hous
Wing,"hingedly~mounted~members adapted" to close
‘ substanti ally'one" side‘i'lth'ereof ,"said-‘members'hav -
= nation“ inv _said housing, "means ‘to "'Jdire'ct'. ‘light
'fromwsai'd "source out throughmhe opening ‘ l'e'ft
"’ by" outward'nrovement ‘of'ieitherswingable. mem
"- ingtinturned end'portionsyresilient means"-*tend-_ ‘30 her, said meansbeingmounte'd “for'inward .and
outward movement, means to 'nrove'the ‘aforesaid
"ing *to“ move "said members outwardly," means
"having “transparent side-walls zarrd-formingsa
wwater-‘tight "compartment-in ‘said-housing, "illu
-minating*devi‘ces ‘in ‘said ecompartment,‘ ' a ‘slid
- ~means“to""‘exert “ on
the ' 'respectively ~adjacent
swinga'ble‘member“a"‘force* tozswin'g such mem
"her “outwardlyran'd means‘toi limit " the outward
~ably"nrounted‘ element Ldisposed "to--contact'~ea‘ch=l~35 movement of said “light. directingjmeans.
"of saidt'members; each 'of said'elementsvhavmg a
re?ecting surface facing‘isaid‘illuniinating‘i‘de
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