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Патент USA US2403636

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July 9, 1946.
A; CHANTLAND
2,403,636
ELEVATOR
Filed Sept. 21, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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ALF RE D CHANT LAND
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July 9, 1946.
A. CHANTLAND
2,403,636
ELEVATOR
Filed Sept. 21, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INvENToR
ALFRED CHANTLAN D
Patented July 9, 1946
2,403,636
UNITED STATES Y PATENT
OFFICE
2,403,636
; .
ELEvaron
7
‘
Alfred Chanthnd, Badger, Iowa
Application September 21, 1944, Serial No. 555,174
3Claims. (01. 198-122)
1
2
This invention relates generally to elevators
and in particular to a portable elevator adapted
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the elevator supporting
means with the elevator removed for the purpose
for use in warehouses to elevate bags, boxes and
the like for stacking and storing purposes, and
for elevating articles from a ground surface into
a vehicle for shipment.
of clarity; and
.
Fig. ‘6 is a detail view of a ratchet and pawl
device associated with the elevator supporting
_
means.
An object of this invention is to provide an im
'
With reference to the drawings the elevator of
proved elevator.
this invention is shown in Figs. 1 and 4 as includ
Another object of this invention is to provide
ing
a main frame comprised of a pair of oppo
an elevator which is capable of adjustment to and 10
sitely arranged upright side members ll. Rotat
support in any position between substantially
I ably supported at each end of the elevator frame
horizontal and upright positions.
-
and between the side members are shafts H car
Yet a further object of this invention is to
rying gears l2 for movably supporting a conveyor
provide an elevator which is light in weight, ca
pable of being easily maneuvered to a desired 15 including a pair‘ of chains l3, operatively asso
ciated with the gears l2, and cleats or cross mem
operating position by one man, and compactly
bers l4 connected between the chains I3. The
arranged and assembled as a complete unit with
in the dimensional con?nes of a main frame
chains are slidably supported on a board member
l5 connected between the .tops of the upright side
~
A still further object of this invention is to 20 membersv l0 and extended longitudinally of the
main or elevator frame. As bést appears in Figs,
provide an elevator capable of adjustable move
1 and 2 the upper ends of the upright side mem
ment to a position inclined upwardly from its re-‘
bers I0 project above the top surface of the board
ceiving end, and adapted to have its delivery end
member l5 and constitute side guides for the
supported on the ground at varying distances
elevator conveyor. ‘
from such receiving end.
25
The ‘conveyor is driven by an electric motor l6
A feature of this invention is found in the pro
carried between the side members I ll substan
vision of an elevator adapted to be horizontally
tially centrally of the elevator frame, and con
positioned for storage and handling purposes,
nected with the conveyor through a transmission
and provided with adjustable supporting means
system including a pair of shafts I11 and I8 ro
for holding the elevator in an adjusted position
therefor.
30
inclined upwardly from its receiving end includ
tatably supported between the side members III
in a longitudinally spaced relation between the
motor l6 and elevator delivery end 28. The shaft
end to the receiving end of the elevator. A piv
l1 carries pulleys l9 and 2| located between the
oted frame is fulcrumed to the opposite end of
the horizontal frame with its free end in bearing 35 side members In, with the pulley 2| being belt
connected with a pulley 22 carried on the shaft 23
engagement with the under side of the elevator.
for the motor Hi. The pulley I9 is belt-connected
On pivotal movement of the pivoted frame the
with a pulley 24 mounted on the shaft I8. A sec
inclined position of the elevator is changed, with
ond pulley 26 on the shaft in is belt-connected
the extension and contraction of the horizontal
with a pulley 21. carried on the shaft II at the
frame moving the fulcrum of the pivoted frame
delivery end 28 of the elevator. The motor I6
longitudinally of the elevator frame to prevent
is provided with a plug-in attachment (not
any downward tipping of the delivery end of the
shown) for connection with a suitable source of
elevator.
ing an extensible horizontal frame pivoted at one ‘
Other objects, features. and advantages of this,
electrical supply.
invention will become apparent from the follow 45 From a consideration of Figs. 1 and 4, there
fore; it is seen that the motor l6, conveyor, and
ing description when taken in connection with
the accompanying drawings in which:
‘
transmission system connecting the motor- with
the conveyor are compactly arranged between the _
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of the elevator
>
side
members It) and within the upright dimen
of this invention, with certain parts broken away;
sional con?nes of the members Ill. The elevator
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2-2 50 is thus capable of being lowered and operated in
in Fig. 1;
v
. '
v
-
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view as seen
onthe line3-3inFig.4; Y
I
‘
Fig. 4 is an end elevatlonal view of the elevator
looking towards the left in Fig. 1;
- a substantially horizontal position on the ground
surface since no part thereof extends below the
level of the under side of the members ID.
The elevator is generally operated at an angle
55 inclined upwardly from its receiving end 29 with
2,408,999
-
3
the‘ angle of inclination being dependent upon
the elevation to which articles are to be lifted.
when the elevator is not in use it is desirable
drum 59 and at its opposite end with a bracket
33 supported on a corresponding member 32 near
, its pivot 31.
A ratchet 33a is mounted on the
that it be in a substantially horizontal plane to
provide for its ready storage and convenient
maneuverability without interference from any
overhead obstructions.
In the present invention the elevator is adjustably movable for support between substan
shaft 59 adjacent the supporting plate 39 (Fig. 6)
telescoping side units 3| arranged at opposite
In the operation of the adjustable supporting
and is operatively associated with a pawl 34 piv
oted at 33 on the supporting plate 39 and nor
mally biased into an engaging position with the
ratchet 33a by a spring 31. The shaft 59 is man
ually rotated by a handle or crank 38 mounted
tially horizontal-and upright positions by means 10 at one end thereof to in turn wind and unwind
the cables 9| on the drums 59.
including a horizontal frame having a pair of
means let it be assumed that the angle of inclina
sides of the elevator frame. Each unit 3| in
tion of the elevator is to be decreased from its
cludes a member 32 telescoped within a pipe
member 33. The members 32 and 33 are held in 15 full line position in Fig. 1 to its dotted line po
sition also shown in Fig. 1. The handle 38 is
an adjusted position against relative longitudinal
operated to rotate the shaft 59 in a direction to
movement by the provision of a pin 34' extendible
unwind the cables 3| from the pulleys 59, with the
through the pipe member 33 and through a se
weight of the elevator plvotally moving the frame
lected one of longitudinally spaced openings 33
in the member 32. The end 39 of each member 20 49 in a direction toward the elevator delivery end
29 to its dotted line position. This adjusted po
32 is of a ?attened form and plvotally supported
sitionof the frame 49 is maintained by the ratchet
_ to the outside of a corresponding side member
and pawl mechanism 33a-31' which locks the
l0 on a shaft 31 carried between the side mem
shaft 59 against rotation.
bers l0 adjacent the receiving end 29 of the ele
As clearly appears in Fig. 1 only the guide por
vator (Figs. 1 and 2). Ends 39 are maintained 25
tions of the ends 53 of the members 5| extend
on the shaft 31 by pins 35 projected through op
beyond the roller 54 so that regardless of the
posite ends of the shaft 31. The end 39 of each
inclined position of the elevator no part of the
member 33 is of a ?at form and supported on a
pivoted frame 49 is extended beyond the top side
tubular axle or pipe member 39 extended be
tween the telescoping units 3 I . Axle 39 is secured 30 of the member I9. As a result the pivoted frame
49 does not interfere at any time with the pas
to the ends 39 by bolt assemblies 4| (Fig. 3).
sage of articles upwardly on the conveyor. In
It is seen, therefore, that the horizontal frame
some instances the roller 54 might engage the
is pivoted on the shaft 31 adjacent the receiving
frame at a distance from the elevator delivery
end 29 of the elevator, with the telescoping units
3| positioned to opposite sides of the elevator 35 end 29 such that the delivery end will tip down
wardly under the weight ‘of articles being ele
and diverged outwardly from each other in a
vated. . This condition is overcome in the present
direction toward the axle 39 as best appears in
invention by the provision of the telescoping units
Fig. 5.
3|. Thus by extending the telescoping units 3|
Rotatably mounted at each end of the axle
39 is a ground-engaging wheel 42. A pair. of 40 the fulcrum for the pivoted frame 49 is movable
longitudinally of the elevator toward and away
wheels 43 adjacent the receiving end 29 of the
from its receiving end 29 whereby to vary the
elevator are rotatably supported at the lower end
distance between the roller 54 and the delivery
of agcorresponding shank or upright support 44.
end 29. A solid and adjustable support is thus
Each shank 44 is extended through a bracket 43
carried on a member 32 adjacent its pivoted sup 45 provided for the elevator frame at all inclined
positions, while maintaining some overhang of the
port 31. Adjustment of the elevator receiving
delivery end of the elevator relative to the frame
end 29 relative to the ground is accomplished by
49 to permit an extension of the elevator over
the provision of longitudinally spaced holes 41
the stack of the articles being stored. It will
in a shank 44 adapted to receive a pin 48 which
rests on the top surface of a bracket 43.
A pivoted frame, indicated generally as 49, is
comprised of a. pair of oppositely arranged spaced
members 5| each of which carries a closed U
member 52 at one end adapted for pivotalcon
nection with the axle 39 (Figs. 3 and 5). The
members 5| are connected together by brace
members 53 and 51 and converge inwardly toward
50 readily be appreciated, of course, that the tele
scoping units 3| may be adjusted in conjunction
with the pivoted frame 49 to incline the elevator
at a desired angle. ~
By virtue of the spaced arrangement of the
55 telescoping side units 3| of the horizontal frame
their free ends 53 between which a roller 54 is
the elevator is capable of being lowered there
between to a substantially horizontal position,
limited by the axle 39, and with the units 3| '
rotatably supported. The elevator frame is re
ceivable on the roller 54 between the free ends
53. which constitute stops‘ or guides for retaining
therefore, it is seen that the invention provides a
positioned at opposite sides of the elevator.
From a consideration of the above description,
portable elevator which is of a compact and unit
assembly, adapted to be adjusted and supported
at an inclined position relative to its receiving
end between substantially horizontal and upright
positions, and with the supporting means at any
its complete length to vary the upward inclina- ' adjusted position of the elevator being entirely
free of the moving parts of the elevator and
tion of the elevator relative to its receiving end 29.
articles elevated thereby. Adjustment is accom
Pivotal movement of the frame 49 is accom
plished by means including a pair of winding 70 plished by frame means including an extendible
horizontal portion, and an upright portion in
drums or pulleys 59 mounted on a shaft‘ 59 ex
bearing engagement against the under side of the
tended between the members 5| and rotatably
elevator and adjustable for up and down move
supported in plate members 39 and 35 carried on
ment. By virtue of this double adjustment of
the members 5| adjacent their free ends 53. A
cable 3| is connected at one end with a winding 25 the frame means the elevator is capable of being
the elevator frame on the roller 54.
Thus as
shown in Fig. l‘the roller 54 is in bearing engage
ment against the under side of the members l9
and on pivotal movement of the frame 49 is mov
able longitudinally. of the elevator frame over
.
'
'
5
.
,
positively supported W any tipping move
mentwhileinaninclinedposition.
r
6
.
a longitudinally adjustable horisontai frame
pivotallyconnectedatoneendtosaidoneend
'
Although the invention has been ‘described
of the elevator frame, a pivoted frame fulcrumed
at one end ‘adjacent the other end of saidhori-p
with respect to ’a_ particular embodiment thereof
itistobeunderatoodthatitisnottebesol sontal frame, means at the opposite end of said
llmitedsincecbangesandmodincationscanbe
pivoted frame adapted for hearing engagement
made therein ina manner within the full in:
tended scope of this invention as defined by the
‘against the under sides of said side members,
means for pivotally moving said pivoted frame
‘appended claims.
to vary the inclined position of said elevator
Ielaim:
'
‘
” frame, and means for releasabiy' holding said
~ 1. In‘ an elevator comprising an elevator
pivoted frame in a mom position, with. longi»
frame, adjustable means for supporting said“ tudinal adjustment of said horizontal frame
elevator frame in an adjusted inclined position
moving the fulcrum forsaid pivoted frame longh
upwardlyfromoneendthereofincludingapair
of horizontal telescoping units arranged at op i8
posite sides of said frame and pivoted at one of -
their ends to said one end of the elevator frame,
a shaft connected between the opposite ends of
tudin'ally of said elevator frame.
‘
3. ‘In an elevator comprising an elevator frame, '
means providing for the adjustable support of
'saidframeinsnypositionbetweenasubstan
tially horizontal position and a substantially up
right position including a horizontal frame hav
supportcdonsaidshafameansatthefreeend ’ in'g'a pair of telescopina side units arranged
' ‘of said pivoted frame adapted for bearing en
‘at opposite sides of said elevator frame, means
,,.gagement with the under side of said elevator
pivotally connecting said horizontal frame at one
frame, and means for pivotally moving and h'old
endwithoneend ofsaid elevatorframe, apivoted
said telescoping units..a pivoted frame pivotally
, in: said upright frame in a pivotally moved posi
Y frame fulcrumed at the opposite end of said
tiontovarytheangularinclinationofsaid 'honsontalframemeansatthefreeendofsaid
elevator frame. with said'shaft being movable
longitudinally of said elevator frame on actu
ation of said telescoping units to adjust the ful
crum for said pivoted frame longitudinally of
said elevator-frame.
‘
,
.
2. An elevator comprising an elevator frame
~ pivoted frame adapted for-‘bearing engagement .
’ with the under side of said elevator frame, and
means for pivotally moving and holding said
' pivoted frame in a moved‘ position, with the
ggcontraction and expansion ofsaidtelescoping
units providing for a movement of the fulcrum
including a pair of oppositely-arranged'upright
for said pivoted frame toward and away from I
side members, adjustable means for supportingv saidoneendoftheelevatorframe.
said elevator frame in’an adjusted position in
clinedupwardlyfromoneendthereofincluding
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