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Патент USA US2403639

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Patented July 9, 1946
>Samuel Cohen, Newton, Mass.
Application November 26, 1943, Serial No. 511,825
4 claims.4 l(c1. 22a-91)
This invention relates to the art of garment
supporting devices. More particularlyV it per-_
tains to hangers adapted to provide a positive
gripping function. In its preferred embodi-~
ments, the invention is directed to garment
hangers which are especially effective for sup
porting skirts, trousers and the like in vertical
position in order to minimize any tendency to
grippingn function, variable in accordance -vvith
the dimension of the garment along the line or
>zone of support, exemplified by a skirt Waist band
ror trouser cuffs.
lAn important object is to produce a clamping
type skirt or trousersI hanger which is free from
metal in its fabrication.V
A further _object is to obtain a non-metal skirt
or trousers hanger which aifords a substantial
Hanger devices in substantially universa1 usage 10 Zone of gripping function, the Zone being sus
wrinkling or form distortion.
at the present time for vertically suspending
skirts, trousers and similar apparel are in 'con
siderable measure dependent upon metal'stock,
principally wire, for fabrication, especially since
ceptible to variation commensurate with the d'i
mension of the garment at the zone of support.
An added object is to devise a non-metal gar
ment supporting device which is comparatively f
_their intrinsic structural designhas relied'upon 15 esthetic in its appearance, sturdy, compact, al
the inherent resiliency characteristics of .metal
thoughv essentially simple in its details ci struc
for attaining the desired'iunction.
ture or operation, and provides an eifective, posi
While these hangers lhave. afforded generally
tive gripping function on the garment.
satisfactory service,Y they have been’largely deL
Oth‘enobjects, advantages, and features of the
void of esthetic- significance, and the types pre 20 (invention will become apparent from the follow
ponderantly used have not been free from func
ing description read in connection with the ac
tional objections. For. example, the simpler> companying drawing in which similar elementsu
hanger structures, which are by farin greatest
are designated by like numerals:
demand, have been limited in their gripping func
Fig; l is a side elevation of garment hanger
tion to two restricted points or comparatively 25 constructed in accordance withthe present in
narrow zones, and have not afforded anyl means
vention, and shown gripping the waist band ofïa
for variation of these gripping'poin'ts commen
skirt, indicated in fragmentary portion; .
surate with the dimension ofthe'garment,` such
Fig. 2 relates to a cross sectional View taken
as the cuffs of the trousers or the waist band of
a, skirt. Attempts to obviate this limitation have
resulted in unduly involved structures as opposed
to the desired simplicity and attendant sturdi
Moreover the dependency of the clamping type »
of h'anger upon metal >stock for manufacture has
per se 'been a source of substantial difficulty,
since it is well recognized that circumstances
frequently prevail whichv result in a scarcity of
metal supplies, and this has accentuated the de
sirability of an effective supportingdevice that is
free from metal requirements in its details of con
struction. Despite the desirability for non-metal
clamping hangers, the difñculties embodied in
their manufacture have resulted in few, if any,
eñîcient devices of _this type.
It isy an object of this invention to obviate such
difficulties and uncertainties as hereinabove _indi-`v
Another object is to provide a device> for sup
porting garments which will manifest a. gripping
or clamping function commensurate with the di
mension of the garment at th’e Zone ofsupport. I
along the line 2-.-2 of Fig. 1,;
Fig. 3 presents a bottom plan view of the gar
ment hanger shown in Fig. 1, revealing the co
ordination of the clamping members;
Fig. 4 provides a fragmentary elevation of a
desirable end structure for the clamping mem
" bers;
Fig. 5 represents a cross section viewed along
line 5-5 of Fig. 3, embodying one modification
of the end structure for the clamping means;
Fig. 6 indicates a cross sectional detail of a
locking or vclamping button taken on the line
6_6 o-f Fig. 1; k
Fig. 7 sets forth in fragmentary side elevation,
y a modified hanger structure with seats provided
in the slot for locking engagement with the
' clamping button;
Fig. 8 comprises a cross sectionalrview of a
modified clamping button structure;
Fig. 9 pertains to a modified bottom plan view
of an end of the hanger device, similar to that
shown in Fig. 3, but omitting the wedge ‘segments
from the clamping members.
Referring moreparticularly to the features of
` An additional object of the inventionis .to-at
embodied inthe modifications shown
tain a garment hanger particularly effective for , ` vinvention
bythe _various figures of the drawing, the hanger
suspending skirts, trousers, et cetera by uniform
device of Fig. 1, generally designated as I0, is
illustrative of a desirable embodiment of the in
vention. It comprises a body portion I I, I I', de
sirably arcuate in form, provided with slots l2,
I2' which follow the contour of the body por
tion and are preferably positioned approximately
midway between the edges I3, I3’ of the body
portion. As shown, two 'slots I2, I2’ are pro
vided, one on each of the respective sides of body
I2, I2’ are not permanently añixed to each other,
although they are substantially contiguously po
sitioned. By this structure the clamping mem
bers 2I, 22 manifest a spring-like ccaction relan
»tive to each other, with the supported article,
such as the skirt, gripped in the space between
In the structural modification embraced by
Figs. 3~5, the end portions It, I8' of clamping
portion I I, I I', with the suspension hook portion 10 members 2l, 2,2 may be pro-vided with a wedge
of the hanger positioned between the slots,
'I'here is however no lintent to be :restricted 'to
these details of construction, since they are in
tended to be primarily by way of exemplification
and not restriction.
Thus slots I2, I2’ may in fact be combined toa
single slot by omitting the structural A.material be
tween them shown in Fig. 1. On the other hand,
alternative Idetails of design may result in more
than the two slots I2, I2’ shown.
The function of slots I2, I2' is in effect that
of guide means for clamping buttons III, I4' which
facilitate the _gripping action of clamping imem
bers '21, 22 on :garment Il', -a‘s'will be further ap»
segment ,24 which is attached by an adhesive or
in any desired manner. The function of this
wedge means, if utilized, is primarily to accentu~
ate the clamping action in this area. However
'an-effective gripping function is attainable lw' h
:out resort to any auxiliary erredient's such as
wedge segments 24, since the thickness of the
garment >»being supported is sufficient to utilize
the inherent spring coaction between the clamp
ing members for effective gripping function. In
Fig. 9, there isshown ‘a bottom plan view .of a
hanger structure which Ahas proven quite satis:
factory without the inclusion of any wedge means
such as that »shown in Fig. 3.
parent from the additional consideration here
A desirable 'expedient `for attaining efficient
inbelow. An effective length for 'slots I2, f2" may 25 gripping action on the garment, quite irrespec
be approximately defined as that extending be
tive of the details of structure at the end por
tween either designating line I3 or I9" Yand end
tions I8, I8’ of clamping members 2I, 22, is the
portions I8, I8’ respectively of the hanger. It
provision of surface grooves 25, as indicated in
will be noted that .the hanger 'body area I6 be
Fig. 4. It will be seen that as the garment is
tween designating lines I9, I8’ broadly deter
clamped between members 2I, 22 provided with
mines the 'base portion of the suspending hook'20,
grooves 25, incremental portions of the garment ,
and that the end portions I8, ‘I8’ embrace por
will be at least superficially wedged in these
tions of the hanger spaced Ifrom the somewhat
downwardly directed extremities I5, I5’. How 35 grooves, lwith the result that an enhanced _grip
ping action is attained.
ever, .as previously suggested, the length of the
The extent of grooves 25, both Vwith respect to
slots is subject to variation `pursuant to prede
their inherent dimensions and to the proportion
termined ydesign or contemplation.
of clamping member surface which they embrace,
‘The suspension hook 20 is ,appropriately .posi
is subject to variation within .the dictates of pre
tioned relative »to the center of gravity of the 40 determined design rand discretion. Similar to the
garment hanger asa whole in a manner to `main
showing of Fig. 4, it is within the contemplation
tain a state of balanced equilibrium especially
, of the disclosure to provide >clamping members 35,
when the hanger is carrying .its .garment load.
36 .of Fig. V9 with gripping grooves c'f expedient
In accordance with a desirable lembodiment of
extent _and dimension, if so desired.
hanger construction, i-t may be manufactured
A desirable modification of locking means is
from two complete, integral sections A, B which
presented Ain Fig.V 6 wherein 'the clamping button
are appropriately laminated together, as will be
is provided with an integral pin of varied dimen
apparent from Figs. .2 tand A3. Thus these sections
sion comprising cylindrical ends Y26 and an en
should be symmetrical in every ldetail in order to
larged intermediate section 21, which may be of
permit precise overlapping of .all of their «respecn 50 substantially ovate form, thereby minimizing the
tive parts including suspending hooi: >2l) and the
tendency of the pin to rotate in slots I2, I2'.
arcuate body portions II, II’ embracing slots
There is no intent however to be >limited to any
I2, I2', clamping members 21., 22, end portions
speciñc form of pin design, and an equivalent
I8, I8’ and .edges I3, I3". The actual .zon-e of at
inhibitory effect upon rotation may be attained
tachment of A to B, designated as 23„ desirably
through resort toa substantially rectangular pin
embraces the complete 'suspending hook portions
section in lieu of the ovate Yform of section 21.
20, including the area I5 which coincides with .the
The heads or .caps-of clamping buttons 'I4 maybe
body portion of the hanger between designating
añixed to the cylindrical ends .25 of the pin .in .any
lines I9, I9'.
expedient manner, such as by utilizing an ad
The manner of attachment between sections
hesive or by mechanical means, exemplified by
A and B may .be through appropriate adhesive
wedging the .head on the pin, or by vresort to nails
composition cr by resort to any mechanical ex
or screws. ln assembling the clamping button in
pedient, including a nailing together of the speci
its slot I2, I2’ the pin will desirably be positioned
fied parts or by Yinterlocking or interfitting them.
in the slot prior to affixing at least one of the
Accordingly the body portions of A .and B ex 65 caps to the cylindrical end thereof.
tending from either` designating line I9 or I8' to
The clamping button .28, shown in Figs. 7 and 8,
the extremities I5, I5’ respectively are essentially
represents a simplified form of ylocking means,
unattached, and .determine .the clamping mem
the pin 29 being of uniform cylindrical shape.
bers 2I, 22 between which the garment is »sus
The .manner in which `the head -or cap of clamping
tained. Differently stated, while the Aarea be
button 28 may be seated on pin 29, as well as the
tween designating lines I9, I9', embracing body 70 details of assembly rrelative to the guide slot 34,
portion I6 and the complete suspending hook 26,
of the khanger body 33, within which the clamping
are securely attached to each other in any pre
determined manner, the gripping portion of the
button is seated or positioned for sliding move
ment to facilitate the gripping function of clamp
hanger embracing clamping members 2|, 22, in
ing members 3|, 32, may be attained in any eX
cluding the arcuate portions determining slots 75
pedient'manner such as» that suggested herein
above inthe consideration of the clamping mem
ber of Fig.‘6.
' downwardly directed ends, as in the vcase of Fig.
1, hasfunctioned satisfactorily. Nevertheless the
`shape of the hanger is subject to variation within
Fig.- 7 comprises a modification of the hanger
structure presented in Fig. 1, to the -extent that
the scope of. the invention. Thus the arcuate
form of Fig. 1 may be retained, although omitting
positive locking features betweenthe clamping
the ' aforementioned downwardly directed end
member and its guide> slot are contemplated.
Thus the fragmentary body portion 33 embraces
guidev slot 34, the lower edge of which is supplied
portions; under some conditions, this modifica
' tion would afford an enlarged zone of gripping
contact between the clamping members and the
with a> plurality of notches 30 within which the 10 garment.
By way of further illustrative modi
iication, the body portion may extend entirely in
termined intervals. The form- in which notches
-a` horizontal plane, thereby differentiating from
30 occur may be subject> to variation, it being
the arcuate type of Fig. 1.
merely» desirable that rthey correspond with the
Concerning the material stock from which the
i shape of the clamping button pin in order to re 15
hanger may be made, this is not to be treated
sult in a seated engagement. By way of illus
as of critical significance, although certain ma
tration, the notches 30 of Fig. ’7 areexpediently
terials result in a more ,effectively functioning
semi-spherical in order to appropriately accom
device’than others. The features of construc
modate cylindrical pins 29 of clamping buttons 28.k '
As previously described, Fig. 9 is drawn to a 20 tion'embraced by the invention lend themselves
particularly Ato the manufacture of- .garment
fragmentary elevation ofy a simplified clamping '
hangers from non-metal materials, including
member structure which has performed quite sat
locking button 28 maybe positioned at prede
wood, cardboard, and plastics, especially of the
isfactorily. Clamping >members 35, 36 .provide
uniform internal gripping surfaces 31, 38 that are
free from Iwedge segments or‘analogouselements,
such as indicated in Figs. 3 and 5.V Desirably
surfaces 31, 38 mayhave grooves similar to those
presentedon Fig. 4, to thereby facilitate the grip
ping function ofthe clamping members under
the inñuence of clamping'buttons 39.
While the construction of an optimum embodi
ment of garment hanger from symmetrical, lami
nated'sections is quite expedient, there is noin
synthetic resin typefbut this is not to be taken
as precluding the construction of desirable
hangers by utilizing metal stock. An optimum
, embodiment has been considered to be the wooden
hanger of laminated construction in accordance
, with the description hereinabove in view of its
facility of manufacture and effectiveness of per
»A 'quite effectual device is also obtainable by
laminating together, kas described hereinabove,
symmetrical hanger sections molded from syn
thetie resin to provide an integral structure. Any
ture, the garment hangerv may be attained by 35 desirable manner may be resorted to for attach
ing the sections to each other in the appropriate
appropriately cutting a unitary Vpiece of stock
areas; where the resins manifest any thermo
material having sufficient dimensions in accord
plastic characteristics, heating may be utilized
ance vwith the v.predetermined pattern, to satisfy
to attain the requisite attachment.V As previously
the body portion of the hanger and the guide slot.
indicated, a one piece or unitary structure of
The supporting hook may likewise be cut from the
resin or plastic composition fabrication embody
same piece of unitary stock, if it is suiiicient to
ing the skirt hanger features shown is within the
provide this member as a part of the integral
contemplation of the disclosure; this> may be
structure; on the other hand, the hook portion of
f made by cutting a unitary piece of stock material
the hanger may comprise a separate member,
fabricated from the same or differentstock rela 475 or by a molding procedure.
In connection with the operation of the hanger
tive to the body portion, andris attached to the
, device, it will be noted that in accordance with
said 'body portion in any feasible manner. 'I'he
the preferred structural embodiment as shown by
hook member may be of metal, wood, synthetic
Figs. 1-3, the clamping members 2|, 22, manifest
resin or plastic composition, or other material
and designedV for attachment to the hanger body, 50 a spring-like function relative to 'each other be
tent to be limited to this manner of article pro
duction. suggestive of an alternative manufac
as by resort to screw threads or other means.
In any event, the body-portion obtained from la
single piece of material is slit either completely or
partially, along a line substantially bisecting the
tween the extremities of the hanger and the
designating lines I9, I9', the zone I6 involving the
permanent attachment of the laminations to
each other, functioning as the pivotal area for
width of the hanger body, designated as C' in 65 the said spring-like characteristics of the clamp
ing members. As shown in Figs. 3 and 9, there
Figs. 3 and 9. The depthV to which the slit ex
is a slight tendency for the clamping members to
tends may desirably be through the complete
.be somewhat spaced apart in the direction pro
thickness D of the body portion, although an op
ceeding from designating lines I9, I9’ respec
erative device may be obtainable by slitting the
body portion less than its thickness, but suiücient 00 tively, to the hanger extremities I5, I5', thereby
to provide the requisite clamping members. As
facilitating the introduction between the clamp
ing members of the garment to be clasped.
for the longitudinal extent of the slit along the
hanger body, it may `desirably embrace the length
With the clamping buttons in a position proxi
mate the respective designating lines I 9, I9' and
between the hanger «body extremities, such as I5,
I5’ and the designating lines I9, I9’ as shown by 65 desirably at the end of the guide slots I2, I2’ the
Fig. 3. This termination of the longitudinal ex
trouser cuffs or waist band of the skirt may be
tent of the slit is .particularly desirable in the
inserted between clamping'members 2| , .22, and
modification where the slit projects through the
the buttons I4 are then slid in their guide pas
entire thickness D of the hanger body.
sages I2, I2' toward the extremities I5, I5’ respec
Where the stock utilized is susceptible of mold 70 tively of the hanger. This movement of the
ing, as in the case of synthetic resins or plastic
clamping buttons I4 serves to lock the garment
compositions, the structural features of the in
between the clamping members, the garment
vention may be substantially directly attained by
being wedged in the internal grooved surfaces of
molding the material as a unitary structure.
the clamping members to attain maximum grip
The arcuate form of body portion with the 75 ping function.
Having thus set forth my invention, I claim-2
In the modiñcatlon of Fig. 7, the clamping
l. A garment hangerv comprising 'abody por
buttons 28 assume a locking engagement with the
tion determining a pair of complementary clamp
ing members, a >supporting hook extending up
wardlyv from said body portion, and means vfor
providing a gripping function between said clamp
appropriate notch 34 'into which they are forced
tofseat for coordinating theV gripping action of
vclamping members 3|, 32; otherwise this modi
iication functions in essentially -the same man
ner as Ythe hanger of Figs. 1-3. Similarly the
modification of Fig. 9 functions in a manner
analogous 'to the device of Figs. 1-3.
In `View of the lpotential gripping zone extend
ing-members, said latter means'being movable
along aguide slot extending lengthwise within
said body portion.
ing 4substantially from the respective designating
lines 19, I9' tothe hanger extremities, it will be
seen that the garment hanger of the invention
lends itself to the support of the garments of
varying dimension, while at the same time aiiord
ing a substantial area of actual clamping con
Diiîerently stated., the gripping zone is
susceptible 'to variation commensurate with the
dimension of the garment at the zone of support.
2. A garment hanger comprising complemen
tary clamping members integrally attached to
each other at portions intermediate their ends,
a supporting hook extending upwardly from said
integrally attached portions` and means adapted
for movement and positioning lengthwise of said
clamping members -for forcing said clamping
members into a clamping association.
3. A garment hanger comprising complemen
tary clamping members integrally attached to
each other at portions intermediate their ends, a
While the various ñgures of the drawing are 20 supporting hook extending upwardly from said
directed to features of skirt hanger structure
integrally attached portions, guide slots inter
comprising optimum adaptations of the invention,
mediate the edges and extending longitudinally
it will be understood that these showings are
of said clamping members, and means for forcing
primarily illustrative in scope and are not to be
said clamping members into a clamping associa
taken by way of restriction or limitation.
25 tion, said latter means being movable along said
Pursuant to the invention, a novel, compact,
guide slots.
esthetic garment hanger is attained which is
4. A garment hanger comprising complemen
simple but sturdy in details of construction and
effective in its performance. Although these
tary clamping members integrally attached to
each other at portions intermediate their ends,
devices are particularly adapted for use as skirt 30 a supporting hook extending upwardly from said
or trousers supporting means, they are applicable
integrally attached intermediate portions, guide
to sustaining of other types of articles.
slots extending lengthwise of said clamping
While I have described my invention in accord
members between said integral intermediate at
ance with desirable embodiments, it is obvious
tached portions and the end portions of said vcom
that many changes and modiñcations may be 35
plementary clamping members, and means mov
made in the details of construction and in the
able in said slots for coordinating said clamping
combination and arrangement of parts without
departing from the spirit of the invention as
defined in the following claims.
members to provide a clamping function.
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