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Патент USA US2403655

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APPARATUS FOR SMOO‘I‘HING AND DRYING GARMENTS
Filed Feb. :5, _1943
>
2 Shee’cs-Shee-‘t 2
CG?"
2,403,655
Patented July 9,1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
APPARATUS FOR SMOOTHING Annmtrme'
‘
GARMENT-S
.
'HarryC. Grimes, Elkins,
Va.
Application. February 3, 1943,Se_17ia1,;NQ.-4€l4,;5'18 '7
5 ‘Claims. (01. 38-15;)
Figure
2
a plan view of the machine shown
.The present invention relates to Pressing .ma
chines 10f the type for ironing or smoothinggar
in Figure 1, with the top bucklremoved ;
merits. .
shown in Figure ,1 and viewed from the righthand
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f
‘
Heretofore, in so-called “steam laundry,” it
has been necessary, as well asthe practice,.to em
iploy four and vsometimes ?ve separate machines
impress a man’s shirt. The methodof using these
various machines is usually {to press the cuffs and
'
'
Figure 3 is an end elevation of the machine as
side of Figure ll; .and
.
.
,Figureiisa top plan view; similar to Figure ,2,
illustrating ashirt placed in [position on the flower‘
bucleor bed and in the distended position it as
sumes when subjected-to the action of thepresent
collar of the shirt .on one machine designed for
‘
’
this ‘purpose; then the shirt is placed upon a 10 invention.
Referring in detail to the drawings, in'which
bosom'pressing'machine; vfrom the bosom __press
like characters of reference refer .to similar and
ing machine, the shirt is placed upon a yoke
like parts throughoutthe several views, in de
pressing machine which irons the .back of the
notes .a supporting standard or pedestal to .sup
shirt under the collar portion; ,from the- yoke
pressing machine, the-shirtis placed upon a so 15 port a table ,l.:l andstationary ibuckor ‘bed 12 ,of
a [conventional pressing machine, which also in
called body pressing machine which ‘presses the
cludes a complemental upper {or swinging buck
backv andsides and-,tailssectionsof the shirtrftrom
l3 mounted on a swinginglar-m illlipivotally Con-1
the body pressing machine, the shirt :is placed
upon a .form .knownas-ra ‘€sleever” (which isran
nected-to --_a, horn .or supportingarm [-5 at the rear
elongated, tapering iorm, somewhat oblong in‘ 20 of-the ‘machine. The'swi-nging arm VI 4 is suitably
balanced, as at I16, and is, ordinarily, connected
cross section, over whichthe sleeve is slid); ‘and,
bya link 3|?! ‘to a-treadle I:8 at the base 10f the
?nally, the shirt is folded.
pedestal-l0 and by which an .funper buck 13 may
The broad object of the present invention :is
be swung into cooperative, pressing relation
primarily to improve :the, so-ealled, bosom press
ing machine esp-that the need pi the yoke presser. 25 against the 'upper surface _of . the lower buck
When ;gpnessure:-is relieved from the treadle 5'18;
body presser and “sleeverj? and ‘the necessary
the-upper buck 1.341s ;1‘aised..by~the_ action of the
operators, ;may .be~_di-spensed=with1and so “that,
weight 16.1101‘ othermeanssuch as springs, air, let
when ;the shirt has left :the :bosom rpresser, it is
cetera, ~.Aproteetingsideeboard l9 risesifrom-the
ready to he ioldedforgpackaglingor delivery to‘the
rear :edge :of the-{table ‘I l.
customer.
.
~
iMorespeci?cally, :it the iobjectiof the inven
tion to improve :a pressing machine, .zcomprising
stationary and moveable bucks, -»wi'th instrumen-v
_
-
I
’
The above description .rdescribes the rudimen
tar-y principles of a pressing machine :and'iforms
no part . of 313118 present 'ainyentioni except as they
cooperate withthezresit of the mechanism later to
tubular ‘garment, ‘having one vportion resting .on 35 be (described. . ‘it. will, of course, be understood
that. the ipartici?azrconstruction .-or form of the
the stationary buck .or vbed :and' the other *por;
pressing machine :may ya-ryirom :that shown and
tions suspended Fbelow said ‘buck, so :as toldisten‘d
described, as itim-a-y be air-operated ‘or electrical
the suspended “portions :of ‘the garment in ‘order
talities thatwill 'iorcevair'zinto a-shirtor similar
that,suchdistendediportions will-be smoothed and
ly .operaatedpand may vtake any form ‘which :em
ploys an ‘upper and ‘a lower buck ‘for-pressing
dried by said ai-r-while.-1that portion of the gap
ment "in .-:contact with =the=stationary "buck is being
' purposes. .suchibucks-conta'ina heatingmeans
' pressed and dried "between ‘the ‘latter and ‘the
' usually forming steam chambers, "to which steam
moveable ioruck.
‘
~
‘With the above and other objects iin-view,-as
will appear ‘as ‘the speci?cation proceeds, the ‘invention iurt-herres'ides in the
‘details ~01!
construction, combination and »'arrangement lof
parts hereafter more vfully described and par
t‘icular-ly pointed-outiin the appended claims.
As ~ an example of» one storm in-which the inven
tion may vhe ‘constructed, reference emay ;be ‘(had
to the ‘accompanying drawings in'whic'h-—'
‘Figure 1 ‘is a *front elevationof a conventional
pressing - machine ‘equipped with -' the present ‘in
vention‘;
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'
~
v
~
‘I
is supplied, 'andyare coveredwith padding. Also,
some of said-pressingmachines are-eequippedlwith,
so-called, "exhausting or suction means which
carry off vapors, thus tending to dryithe pressed
portion vbetween the ‘bucks.
Before describing-the mechanism of "thepresent
invention, it-wil'l?serve ~a-useful purpose ;to refer
50 to Figure 4, where a shirt‘is shown placed in‘posi
tion onthe ‘lower buckJI-Z to have its frontpor
tions pressed‘ between “the uppenand '1lower, bucks,
it ' being understood ‘thatthe cu?s and ,collar “of
the shirt have‘ been ‘previously ‘pressed onanother
55 machine. It‘has "been vfound ‘that, "with the '_shirt
2,403,655
3
4
in position on the lower buck, as shown in Fig
ure 4, if air under pressure, and preferably hot
air, is blown under the lower buck 12, say at the
tail portion of the shirt, particularly while the
upper buck is in its lower pressing position
against the front of the shirt——so as to hold the
shirt on the buck-the back, sides and sleeves
air being induced into the fan will pass through
the heater 26 to heat the air to at least 140° F.
The hot air discharged from the fan 24 is con
ducted through conduit 28, preferably insulated,
connected to the air nozzles 22.
The customary steam supply line for the bucks
l2 and I3 has connected thereto a pipe 29 to
can be dried and smoothed to take on an ap
supply steam to the coil 21 of the heater 24 and
pearance as though they had been pressed with
also has a pipe connection 30 to the steam nozzle
an iron or in a buck pressing machine, the op 10 23. This pipe 30 is provided with a hand valve
eration taking place at the same time that the
3|; positioned for convenient operation by the
front of the shirt is being pressed and dried be- I
presser or attendant so that steam may be emit
tween the upper and lower bucks l2 and I3;
vted from the nozzle 23 for the purposes above
In order to accomplish the results just men- I
described,
tioned, it is proposed that the support 20, which
It is proposed that the hot air from the noz
supports the buck l2 on table II and positioned
at the end of the lower buck l2 opposite the col
zles 22 be discharged only when the garment is
lar receiving end 2|, be cut away as at x, or other
wise so fashioned, that there will be clearance or
tion ofit subjected to the cooperative action of
on the machine and is having the desired por
the lower and upper bucks, or when the upper
room for the tail portion of the shirt to be 20 buck I3 is in predetermined position from its
stretched and extended under the buck I2 when
uppermost raised position. Therefore, the elec
the collar of the shirt is placed around the usual
trical supply line to the motor 25 has a switch 32
collar-form 2|.
interposed therein to be operated to close the
A pair of air discharging nozzles, 22 (which may
motor~circuit when the'upper buck I3 is in a
comprise open-ended air impervious pipes) are 25 predetermined lower position.- Any type of
switch may be employed for this purpose, but
arranged on opposite sides of the‘buck-support '20
between the table II and buck l2. These nozzles
are positioned to direct a blast of air emitted
therefrom longitudinally of the buck l2 ina di
rection from the tail-end of the shirt on‘said 30
buck toward the other end thereof. The nozzles
22 ‘are shown 'as terminating slightly within the
open tail-end of the shirt, but satisfactory results
are obtained if the terminal ends of the nozzles
it has been ‘found that a mercury switch is ad
mirably suitable for this purpose.
The present apparatus, when operated as above
‘de?ned, will introduce a hot air blast into a shirt
or other garment or tubular fabric article, when
on a pressing machine, so‘as to distend the fab
ric thereof by air pressure which seeps through
the interstices of the fabric resulting in smooth
do not extend within the said end of the shirt. 35 ing out and drying the’ fabric, producing no wrin
Also, it' is within the purview of the invention
kles and leaving the surface of the fabric with
that there be only one nozzle 22, which may ex
,a very natural, smooth, laundered ?nish. In the
tend through the support 20. >
‘
case of shirts or other garments having sleeves,
In order to insure that the tail-end of the shirt
the above operation is facilitated by closing the
will remain in position with respect to the lower 40 ends of the sleeves by clip 33 (Figure 4) or other
buck while the hot air is being blown into it, the
suitable means—elongated U-shape spring clip
tail portion of the shirt may be gripped by spring
or elongated clothes pins serving this purpose
very well.
,
fasteners 35, as shown in Figure 4,‘ these fasten
ers being of any approved type and being, pref
Having thus described the invention and the
erably, carried on the ‘ends of a ?exible cord 36 45 manner in which it is to be performed, that which
secured to the table 20, as shown in Figures 1
is claimed as new is:
'
and 41. A'ba?le plate 34, extending transversely
1. In a shirt pressing machine, cooperating
underneath buck l 2 terminating a slight distance
relatively movable pressing members upon one of
above table II, obstructs and retards the out
which the shirt front is laid with the back, sides
ward now of air from the opentail-endof the 50 and sleeves of the shirt body suspended from said,
shirt-caused by back pressure .as the air-pressure
member; a source from which a blast of air is
from the nozzles 22 builds up within the shirt.
emitted including an air conduit having a dis
Of course, as shown, this baffle plate should be
charge end discharging directly into the sus
positioned shortof the terminal discharge ends
pended portion of the shirt below said last men
of the nozzles 22 in the direction of the air flow.
tioned pressing member and in the general di
It has also been found, where the back, sides 55 rection from the tail end portion of the shirt
and sleeve portions 'of the shirt have dried out
toward the neck and shoulder end portion thereof
too ,much for good results, that by. atomizing
to distend said suspended portion of the shirt by
steam, into the air current from the nozzles 22,
said air blast alone while said front portion of
for a brief period of time during the operation,
the-shirt is being pressed between said pressing
the. fabricis moistened suiiiciently to permit ‘the, _60 members, whereby saidsuspended portion of the
desired results to be obtained.
,
.
To this end, a steam nozzle 23 is shown between
‘the lowerbuck or bed l2 and the table II and,
preferably, slightly in advance of the terminal
discharge ends of the air nozzles 22; however,
the nozzle 23 may be disposed in or incorporated
into the air nozzle. As one means of supplying
the hot air blast to the nozzles 22, there is shown
a fan blower 24, of the centrifugal type, driven
from an electrical motor 25, both mounted on the
pedestal base of the machine or at another con
venient point. Communicating with the intake
side of the blower 24 .is- a heater 2B of any ap
proved construction; Thiszhea‘te'r may consist of
a casing" having ‘therein a 'steamcoil‘ 21 so’ that
shirt may be stretched smooth and dried while
its front is being pressed.
,
2. In a pressing machine, cooperating rela
tively movable pressing membersupon one of
which the shirt front is laid with the back, sides
and sleeves of the shirt body suspended from said
member; blower means for creating a blast of
heated air, a conduit for directing said air blast
to the under-side of said shirt front supporting
memberand having a discharge end open to
discharge said air blast directly into the sus
pended portion of the shirt and in a direction
from the opened_tail-end portion of the sus
pended portion of the shirt toward its other end
to distend said suspended Portion of the shirt
2,403,655
5. In a pressingmachine comprising a, pair of
by said air blast only, whereby said suspended,’
cooperating pressing vvbucks having opposed press
portion of the shirt may be stretched smooth and
dried while its front portion is being pressed be
tween said pressing members, and'means .con
trolled by the position of said movable press
ing surfaces, one‘stationary and the other mov
able toward and from the stationary buck, an
in
ing member for controlling the emission and
cutting-off of said air blast.
I
electrically-‘driven blower mounted on the ma
chine, an air-impervious conduit receiving the
said current of air from said blower and having
, a discharge end disposed and mounted on the
3. In a pressing machine as set forth in claim 1
wherein there is a supply source of fabric
machine'at one end of the stationary buck and
moistening agent, means for causing said mois 10 positioned to direct the air from the blower sub
stantially longitudinally of said stationary buck
tening agent to become entrained in said air blast
on theside thereof opposite to its pressing sur
within said distended shirt portions, and means
face, and means controlled ,by the position of,
for controlling the entrainment of said moisten
said movable buck to control the emission of said
ing agent at the will of the operator.
air from the discharge end of said conduit, the
4. In a pressing machine as set forth in claim 1
discharge end of said conduit being free to dis
further characterized by holding means under
charge into the atmosphere to distend» portions
said shirt front supporting member and posi
of garments suspended below said stationary
tioned to engage the tail-end portion of the back
buck‘ without the aid of intervening means.
of the shirt to hold the latter inposi-tion against
the pressure of said air blast.
20
~
HARRY O. GRIMES.
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