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Патент USA US2403786

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Ju閥 Q, 1%6.
I ?N, M. CAMPBELL
'r??ETHOD OF MAKING COMPOSITE BANDS
Filed Dec. 20, 1944
2A�7�?
I
Patented July 9, 1946?
2,403,786
. UNITED .srArEs - PATENT OFFICE
MET-HOD OFVMAKIN G COMPOSITE BANDS .
Neil
?Campbell, Buffalo, N. Y., assignor to
AmericanAllSafe-Gompany, Inc., Buffalo, N. 15.,
acorporationofNew York
'
ApplicationiDecember 20, v19,44, Serial N 0. 569,077
eclaims. (011F243)
1
2
V 'f?iisiinvention. relates-to certainnew andiuse- ?
.
plurality of tapes tied or joined together bythe
:ful improvements in the art-of. making semi閒elas
, attaching strips at their; opposite "ends; tempo
tor?iik-e composite-bands, that is, bands. made] rarily joining each elastic tape unit in endwise
iin part .of fabric or non-elastic tape or the like
and in part 01? elastic tape, suchibands :being used, ,
or tape alined and in circular relation with the
opposing ends of a companion fabric tape unit
iorpexample, as head ?bands for sweat pads,
through the medium of the opposing transverse
goggles, etc.
attaching strips which are imposed one over the
-_
'
.
;It has for its main object to provide a metho
other; and ?nally permanently securing the
of making composite bands .of this character
which is simple, expeditious and economical in,
alined fabric and elastic units into a composite
' operation, and whereby a plurality of such bands .
maybe made vin aminimum period of time.
Another object. of the invention is to provide a
assemblyby stitching or the like along the super
imposed attaching strips and then severing the
alined tape-sections of both units along the in
tersecting or bridging points of the attaching
'novel method of accurately alining ?and tem
strips to produce individual composite bands com
porarily securing'th-e fabric. and elastic tapes into 15 posed of alined lengths of ,fabric and elastic'ta-pes.
"independent uni-tassembliesahd then per-ma
Referring- now to the drawing showing more
nently joining such unit tapes intocircular form
or less diagrammatically one form of apparatus
and i?na?ll-ycutting the :?same' into individual com
which'may be employed forcarrying out my'in
vention, It! indicates a plurality of reels or spools
Dther features of theinvention reside in the 20 of fabric tape, shown'in Figure 1, and ,l i indicates
novel? steps of the method hereinafter set forth
a plurality of reels or, spools of elastic tape, shown
posite Ibands.
'
,
and particularly pointed out in the appended
in Figure 2, each group of reels being disposed in
overhead relation to a companion working table
or platform l2 and the corresponding tapes We
Figures '1' and ?2}are1 diagrammatic perspective and He thereof being guided thereto by guide
' ?views showing a iorm of apparatus used for carry
rollers 13 or .the like. Applied crosswise of the
"ing out my method of making composite bands,
top side of .each table in suitably spaced relation
showing the manner of assembling in ?groups or
lengthwise thereof are grooved guide bars it
units, respectively, the separate elastic and ?non
which guide the tapes in spaced, parallel, ?at
' elastic tapes which. constitute the ?composite ?band. ' 30 wise relation over the table. While passing over
Figures 3 and 4 are perspective views ?of one of
the table, transverse strips l5 of adhesive tape or
the non-elastic and elastic tape units. ?Figure 5
the like, such as ?Scotch? tape, are} applied at
is. a plan view showing a pair of the companion
spaced points lengthwise of the tapes of each
, tape units partially assembled in alined relation. ?
group to maintain the several tapes in their guide
?Figure 6
a- side-elevation'thereof in completely 35 determined parallel relation after leaving the
"assembled circular fashion in readiness to becut > table. The strips are applied at predetermined
into individual ?nished lb'and-s. Figure 7 is a
equal distances apart. In the case of the fabric
perspective view of one of the?, ?nished band-s.
tapes 50a, for instance; they are applied ,at, say,
Similar characters ?of reference indicate cor
eighteen inches apart, while in. the case of the
claims.
~
' ?In the accompanyingdrawing:
responding parts throughout the several views.
?I In ?carrying out my novel method of making a
'fabr-ic-elastic or like composite tape for use ?as
40 elastic tapes Ila, the retaining strips are applied
at, say, four inches apart. From its companion
table, each group of strip-joined tapes is passed
head ?bands ?and the like, I employ a plurality of
between feed rollers l5 and thence directed to a
vreels or spools of?fabrictape and a like number
take-up reel H, or if desired, asuitable receiver.
of reels or spools of elastic tape?; guiding the .re 45 In practice, the respective groups of tapes are fed
speetive groups of tapes in parallel side 'by side
intermittently over their companion tables and
?atwise fashion over a working table or platform;
when at rest, one retaining strip I5 is applied, for
applying adhesive or- like attaching strips _ trans
example, along one side ,of the left-hand guide 14,
verselyv of the tapes ?of each group at predeter
viewing Figure v1 orEigure .2, in parallel relation
mined spaced points lengthwise thereof to main 50 thereto, while another retaining strip .is applied
tain the several tapes in measured parallel rela
to the tapes at the left hand end of the table, the
tion; cutting each measured group of tapes trans
end of the latter serving as a gage for this purpose.
versely and centrally of each attaching strip to
If desired, however, during each intermittent
separate the same into individual units of pre
movement of the tapes, a retaining strip may be
determined length and each unit composed of a 56 applied at a point alongside the aforesaid guide
2,403,786
3
M with the end of the table serving as the length
gage.
HIaving gaged or measured the two groups
of tapes I0a and I In to the respective lengths de
V
4
3. The method of making composite bands
from tape lengths of different materials, which
consists in guiding a group of reels of tape of
each material in spaced parallel, ?atwise relation
!5 while being wound upon
over a table and then directing the several tapes
of each material, respectively, onto a common
and companion take-up reel, joining the tapes of
dicating attaching strip !5, each resulting unit
trally of the transverse strips to? separate the
sired and at the same time having retained the
tapes of each group in parallel relation by the
transverse strips
each group transversely at predetermined spaced
their companion take-up reels IS, the groups are
points by adhesive strips to maintain them in
then separated into units by unwindingr the same
parallel and to provide a companion unitary as
10
from their take-up reels, presenting them to a
sembly composed of measured tape-sections, cut
suitable knife or cutter, and cutting the same
ting each unitary assembly transversely and cen
transversely and centrally of each measure-in
being composed of a plurality of tapes temporarily
joined at their ends by the severed sections of
same into individual units with each unit joined
- at its ends by the respective severed portions of
the transverse strips, bringing the individual
group-units of one material into registering end
wise alinement with companion individual group
joining endwise relation with companion elastic
units of the other material and fastening such
tape units, as shown in Figure 5, after which
units together at their opposing, strip-connected
the opposite free ends of those two units are 20
ends in annular fashion, and then severing those
' brought together and joined in circular fashion,
fastened group-units across the tape-bridging
the cross strips, as shown in Figures 3 and 4.
The fabric tape units are then assembled in ad
as seen in Figure 6. In each joining operation,
the adhesive strips [5 are brought into super
posed relation and serve to temporarily hold the
several fabric and elastic tapes in alinementf
Thereafter, each temporarily joined composite
tape unit is permanently joined at the same
points by zig-zag lock stitching or the like. vThe
operation is completed by cutting the alined tape
' portions of said strips to provide individual com
posite bands composed of tape lengths of the
different materials.
4.v The 'method ofimakin'g composite bands
from tape lengths of different materials, which
consists in assembling a plurality oi.? tapes of one
material and of equal lengths in adjoining par
allel relation and connecting them as a unit at
sections of both units across the bridging por 30 their opposite ends, assembling a plurality of
tions of the strips !5 to provide the individual
tapes of another material in like manner, and
composite bands, one of which is depicted in
then joining the ends of assembled tapes of ?one
Figure '7. -
unit in longitudinal alinement with the ?opposing
While manifestly simple, this method of mak
ends of the assembled tapes of the companion
ing composite bands of the character described, 35 unit, and severing the alined tape-sections into
is very expeditious and economical and it en
individual composite bands.
ables large numbers of the bands to be made in
'5. The method of making composite bands
-minimum period of time and with a minimum
from tape lengths of different materials, which
of man power and without the use of expensive
consists in assembling a plurality of tapes of one
equipment.
material and of equal lengths in adjoining par
I claim as my invention:
allel relation, joining the free ends of said tapes
'1. The method of making composite bands
by transverse strips to maintain them in parallel
from tape lengths of different materials, which
alinement as an assembled unit, assembling a
consists in guiding a group of tapes of each 45 like plurality of tapes of another material in like
material in parallel relation, applying attaching
manner into another unit, joining the strip-con
strips transversely of the groups of tapes at pre
nected ends of the tapes of one unit in coexten
determined spaced points lengthwise thereof to
sive alinement with the opposing strip-connected
maintain the tapes in parallel alinement, and
ends of the tapes of the other unit, and then
cutting the tapes transversely and substantially
severing the coextensive tape-sections length
? centrally of each attaching strip to separate the
wise along said transverse alining strips to- pro
same into group-units.
vide individual composite bands.
2. The method of making semi-elastic bands,
6. The method of making composite bands
?which consists in guiding a plurality of elastic
from tape lengths of different materials, which
tapes ?atwise in parallel relation, joining said
consists in assembling a plurality of tapes of one
tapes transversely at predetermined spaced
material and of equal lengths in adjoining par
points lengthwise thereof to provide a unitary
allel relation, joining the free ends of said tapes
assembly composed of measured groups of elastic
by transverse adhesive strips to maintain them
tape-sections, guiding a plurality of non-elastic
in parallel alinement as an assembled unit, as
tapes ?atwise in parallel relation, joining said 60 sembling a like plurality of tapes of another ma
last-named tapes transversely at predetermined
terial in like manner into another unit, joining
spaced points lengthwise thereof to provide a
the ends of the tapes of one unit in temporary
second unitary assembly composed of measured
coextensive alinement with the opposing ends of
groups of non-elastic tape-sections, and cutting
the tapes of the other unit through the medium
of the companion adhesive strips, permanently
each unitary assembly transversely and substan
tially in the respective medial planes "of the
joining such ends of the tape-units in the plane
joined spaced points thereof into separate indi
,of said strips, and then severing the coextensive
tape-sections lengthwise along the transverse
vidual groups, each group being composed of a
alining strips to provide individual composite
plurality of tapes of predetermined length joined
transversely at their ends to maintain them in
parallel relation.
m
bands.
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g
NEIL M. CAMPBELL.
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