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Патент USA US2403793

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July 9, 1946.
Filed 0st.- 27, 1944 -
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Needle 3
Needle 2
Needle I
Louls N. Femstem
H is’ Attorney
July 9, 1946. '-
_ 254031793
Filed Oct. 27, 1944
_ 2 Sheets-Shéet 2
Stitch 2 —>'
' Ne‘edle-4
NeectleB 23 Neédle
Needle 1
Louis N. Feinstei'n
His Attorney
v Patented July 9,
‘UNITED. STATE 32,403,793
nm'r'rnn manic
Louis N. Feinstein, Brooklyn, is. Y., asslgnor to
Sam Feinstein, Rebecca Feinstein, and Louis N.
Feinstein, doing business as Felnstein Knitting
‘Mills, New York, N. Y.
Application October 27, ‘1944, Serial No. 560,528
5 Claims.
(Cl.- 66-’195)
particularly to fabrics known in the, trade as net
Qting, veiling, hair nets, scarfs, dress materials,
produced very rapidly upon existing knitting ma
to create loops which form the knitted fabric. The chains or the pattern wheel are desig
duce a knitted material very economically ‘by au
ments'of the guide bars and cause the needles '
Broadly, it'is an object of my invention to pro-_
More particularly, it is an object of my in
vention to provide a knitted fabric that can be
consisting of links of different heights which’
through associated mechanism control the move
girdle cloth, bridal veils, and ‘other like materials
employing the type of loops as will hereinafter be
bars which carry the ‘threads on to the needle bar.
The needle bar is moved by cams and the guide
bars are moved by chains or pattern wheels
This invention relates to knitted fabrics,,and
nated by numbers in respect to- their relative
height, and to form the knitted fabric it is neces
sary to set up the chains with links or pattern
wheels according to a certain formula. When
the hereinafter described formula is used, the
knitting machine automatically creates the
lace machines both abroad and in this country, 16 knitted fabric which is entirely different than
There is a great deal .of netting produced on '
such netting being made of various types of yarns '
any knitted fabric heretofore made on such knit
or threads. However, the cost of manufacturing
such materials on lace machines is very great
compared to the cost of manufacturing my
ting machines.
The formula for the production of my knitted
fabric is referred to in Fig. 2, as follows:
knitted fabric on existing automatically operated 20
machines well known in the trade.
It is, therefore, an object of my invention to
lace machines; However, the structure I_pro
Chain 1—0, 2, 0, 2, 4, 2, 4, 2,.
Chain 2-0, 2, 0, 0, 4, 2, 4, 4.
My knitted cloth is knitted ‘with two threads.
The ?rst thread is indicated by chain 1 in the
lace machines. However, the structure made by
dicated by chain 2 of 'the vabove formula. With
chine except by an expert under an enlarging
ton, silk, rayon, acetates, wool, or mixtures of
By producing my knitted fabric upon a knitting
machine the labor is comparatively small since
such machines are veritably fully automatic, and
great production can be obtained as compared to
knitting and any desirable denier or ply may be ,
i used. The knitted fabric may be made with a
heavier and lighter yarn, or a rayon and a cotton,
imitate the production of knitted fabric made on
duce is entirely different than that made on such 25 above formula, while the second thread is in
me and the arrangement of the threads in the - this formula any one who is skilled in the knitted
art can easily set up the machine to produce the
knitted fabric when finished is such that it is '
desired fabric;
‘ difficult to tell whether the finished cloth has been
made on a knitting machine. or upon a lace ma 30 ‘ The knitted fabric may be constructed of cot
lace machine production.
such. yarns, and any other yarns suitable for
or di?erent combinations of yarn. My, knitted
fabrics can also be made on any type gauge-knit
ting machine.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and
Of course, chain 2 may be placed in the posi
features of my invention reference is bad to the
following detailed description in connection with 40 tion .of chain 1, as aforesaid, and chain 1 may be
. placed in the position of chain 2 as afore de
the accompanying drawings in which:
scribed. The knitted fabric which is the subject
Fig. l is a greatly enlarged diagrammatic il
of the instant invention is characterized by a.
lustrationof the arrangements and interlocking
series of threads formed into a series of knitted
of the two threads forming my knitted fabric. '
loops by the action of the knitting machine, with
Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the
each series of loops having. loops extending alter
relative position of the threads with relation to
nately at opposite sides and interlaced with the
the needles of the knitting machine.
threads of parallel series’ of loops on both sides
In producing my knitted fabric I use'the' type
and with the second thread being knitted and
of knitting machines which have guide bars and
needles ‘which move alternately to one‘ another; 50. unknitted and interlaced with the loops of each
series of knittedloops.
that is, the guide bars move between and around
Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawings, numeral 10
the needles. Such machines are of various makes
and are constructed with the guide bars and
indicates the front thread forming one of the
needles as hereinbefore described.’ ‘~
series of knitted loops and ii indicates a back
These machines are characterized by guide 55 thread _forming a parallel series alternating
knitted loops. The second thread is dotted to
Referring toFig. 2, in making my knitted fabric.
distinguish it from thread ID for convenience of
thread 10 makes two successive stitches on the
needle I and then passes to needle 2 making two
illustration. It will be understood that while two '
threads are illustrated, a multiplicity of such
threads are used and corresponding series of
loops are formed simultaneously to form the
successive stitches on-v‘needle 2, and then returns
knitted fabric. Thread I0 is formed into a stitch
on needle i, and while thread I 0 makes stitch two
to needle i repeating the same operation. The
thread ll follows thread It making one stitch
l2 and a loop stitch l3 which is reversed to form
' on needle I, thread H lays-in through the stitch
stitch I4 and loop stitch i5. Stitch i2 and loop? made on needle I by thread It, then passes to
stitch it are duplicated in thread ill by stitch l2’; 7 needle 2 making .a stitch on needle 2. and wnile and loop stitch I 3'.
thread Ill makes the second stitch on needle 2,
As indicated in the drawings, the stitch i2 " thread if lays-in through the stitch made on
interlocks with the thread It forming one point _ . needle 2 by thread it.
‘of the diamond. The thread l0 then forms the
Inns. 1, the threads tothe left of threads Hi
loop stitch l3 interlocking the threads it and I1,
and 'H are front threads 22 and back threads 23,
and the stitch l2 which is formed by thread it).
indicated by white and black threads which in
The thread I!) then-forms the succeeding stitch
terlock in the same manner as threads it and l i.
l4 and interlocks thread ii in the same manner
, It is‘ obvious that various changes may be made
as described for stitch l2. However, the loop
in the knitting of my new type of knitted fabric
stitch I5 is the reverse of the loop stitch l3 and 20 without departing from the general spirit of the
passes through the stitch M formed by threads l0
and H and then forms a stitch l2’ similar to
I claim:
stitch H as afore described, thus causing a con
1. A knitted fabric comprising front and back
tinuous repetition of pattern. It should be noted
threads characterized by a uniform pattern of
that whereas the loop stitch 13 extends to the 25 diamond shaped openings, consisting of said front
right to interlock with threads l6 and I1, the loop
and back threads, each front thread formed into
stitch 15 extends to the left to interlock with-a
a series of loops extending altemately at opposite
‘parallel series of loops forming the other side of
sides and interlocked with’ a series of knitted
the diamond.
loops on the oppositesides thereof, each back
Thread ll forms stitch l8 which interlocks 30 thread being alternately knitted and laid-in and
with stitch l2 and then forms a'reverse stitch
interlocking a series of loops.
l9 which interlocks with stitch l4 and loop stitch
2. A knitted fabric comprising front and back
2|! (which is similar in formation to loop stitch
threads characterized by a uniform pattern of
I 3 and I3’). Thread ll then forms stitch ‘l8’
diamond shaped openings, consisting of said front
‘which interlocks with stitch I2’ and the reverse 35 and back threads, each front thread formed into
loop stitch 2i and then repeats, forming another
point of the diamond.
The threads If! and II are duplicated by simi
lar threads both to the right and left of the
afore described stitches and loops and continually 40
repeat themselves thus forming the knitted fabric.
As shown in Fig. 1, the threads, stitches and
loops of the series form openings of diamond
formation when the fabric is completed.
It should be understood that in the knitting
operation the stitches l2, l8, l4, I9, l2’, l8’, etc.,
are tightly drawn while the loop stitches l3, l5,
a series of stitches and loop stitches extending
alternately at opposite sides and interlocked, with
a. series of knitted loops on the opposite sides
thereof, cash back thread being alternately
knitted and laid-in on opposite sides and inter
locked with the series of stitches and alternately
interlocked with the series of loop stitches.
3. A-knitted fabric comprising front and pack
threads characterized by a uniform pattern of
diamond shaped openings, consisting of said front
and back threads, each front thread forming a
series of stitches and loop stitches extending al
l3’, etc., are loose to form “legs,” forming the ‘ ternately at opposite sides. said loop stitches
sides of the diamond shape, and the stitches as
forming two sides of each diamond shaped open
aforesaid forming the points of such diamond 50 ing, each back thread being alternately knitted
shape, giving the appearance of knots at such
and interlocking with the series of stitches and
points. The finished product appearsin the form
loop stitches, the back and front threads forming
of uniform diamonds. It is understood that the
the other. two sides of each diamond shaped
actual 'size of the diamonds may be smaller
I opening.
than the size indicated in Fig. 1, and the diamond 55
4. A knitted fabric comprising front and back
shapes may be made of any desired size for dif
threads characterized by a uniform pattern of
ferent uses by adjusting the "take up” upon the
diamond shaped openings, two sides of each dia
' machine, or by other means well known in the art.
mond being formed of front threads only and the
In Fig. 2 each complete circle represents-a
two sides being formed of front and back
stitch, each half circle represents an inlay, and
the dotted line represents a loop. The dots with
5. A knitted fabric comprising front and back
in the circles represent needles. Of course, it
threads characterized by a uniform pattern of
is understood that guide bars (not shown) con
diamond shaped openings, two sides of each dia
trol the movement of the yarn around the needles.
being formed of front threads only and the
The knitted fabric afore described can be made , mond
other two sides being formed of front and back
‘ by reversing the direction of the threads,ithat is,
threads, the points of each diamond being formed
the threads that loop around the needles from
by said front and back threads.
' right ,to left can be looped around the needles
from left to right, thus in the ?nal appearance
the knitted fabrics made by this method will look 70
virtually the same.
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