Патент USA US2403793код для вставки
July 9, 1946. |._ N. IFEINSTEIN KNITTED > FABRIG ' Filed 0st.- 27, 1944 - 2,403,793 ' - e ' 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG. I Needle 3 22' Needle 2 Needle I _ _ INVENTOR. Louls N. Femstem yew/MW H is’ Attorney July 9, 1946. '- 1.. N. FEINSTEIN _ 254031793 KNITTED FABRIC Filed Oct. 27, 1944 _ 2 Sheets-Shéet 2 Stitch 2 —>' Stitch | ——> , ' ' Ne‘edle-4 22,0” T NeectleB 23 Neédle T 2 v Needle 1 INVENTOR. Louis N. Feinstei'n BY _ His Attorney I 2,403,793 v Patented July 9, 5- PATENT OFFICE" ‘UNITED. STATE 32,403,793 nm'r'rnn manic Louis N. Feinstein, Brooklyn, is. Y., asslgnor to Sam Feinstein, Rebecca Feinstein, and Louis N. Feinstein, doing business as Felnstein Knitting ‘Mills, New York, N. Y. Application October 27, ‘1944, Serial No. 560,528 5 Claims. , (Cl.- 66-’195) 1 . particularly to fabrics known in the, trade as net Qting, veiling, hair nets, scarfs, dress materials, _ ' a ‘ a ‘ 10 produced very rapidly upon existing knitting ma chines. ‘- . to create loops which form the knitted fabric. The chains or the pattern wheel are desig duce a knitted material very economically ‘by au means. 2 ments'of the guide bars and cause the needles ' Broadly, it'is an object of my invention to pro-_ More particularly, it is an object of my in vention to provide a knitted fabric that can be i consisting of links of different heights which’ through associated mechanism control the move girdle cloth, bridal veils, and ‘other like materials employing the type of loops as will hereinafter be described. tomatic ‘ bars which carry the ‘threads on to the needle bar. The needle bar is moved by cams and the guide bars are moved by chains or pattern wheels This invention relates to knitted fabrics,,and ' nated by numbers in respect to- their relative height, and to form the knitted fabric it is neces sary to set up the chains with links or pattern wheels according to a certain formula. When the hereinafter described formula is used, the knitting machine automatically creates the lace machines both abroad and in this country, 16 knitted fabric which is entirely different than There is a great deal .of netting produced on ' such netting being made of various types of yarns ' any knitted fabric heretofore made on such knit or threads. However, the cost of manufacturing such materials on lace machines is very great compared to the cost of manufacturing my ting machines. I - _ The formula for the production of my knitted fabric is referred to in Fig. 2, as follows: knitted fabric on existing automatically operated 20 machines well known in the trade. It is, therefore, an object of my invention to lace machines; However, the structure I_pro Chain 1—0, 2, 0, 2, 4, 2, 4, 2,. Chain 2-0, 2, 0, 0, 4, 2, 4, 4. My knitted cloth is knitted ‘with two threads. The ?rst thread is indicated by chain 1 in the lace machines. However, the structure made by dicated by chain 2 of 'the vabove formula. With chine except by an expert under an enlarging glass. ton, silk, rayon, acetates, wool, or mixtures of By producing my knitted fabric upon a knitting machine the labor is comparatively small since such machines are veritably fully automatic, and great production can be obtained as compared to knitting and any desirable denier or ply may be , i used. The knitted fabric may be made with a heavier and lighter yarn, or a rayon and a cotton, imitate the production of knitted fabric made on duce is entirely different than that made on such 25 above formula, while the second thread is in me and the arrangement of the threads in the - this formula any one who is skilled in the knitted art can easily set up the machine to produce the knitted fabric when finished is such that it is ' desired fabric; a i' ' ' ‘ difficult to tell whether the finished cloth has been made on a knitting machine. or upon a lace ma 30 ‘ The knitted fabric may be constructed of cot lace machine production. ' such. yarns, and any other yarns suitable for or di?erent combinations of yarn. My, knitted fabrics can also be made on any type gauge-knit ting machine. For a fuller understanding of the nature and Of course, chain 2 may be placed in the posi features of my invention reference is bad to the following detailed description in connection with 40 tion .of chain 1, as aforesaid, and chain 1 may be . placed in the position of chain 2 as afore de the accompanying drawings in which: scribed. The knitted fabric which is the subject Fig. l is a greatly enlarged diagrammatic il of the instant invention is characterized by a. lustrationof the arrangements and interlocking series of threads formed into a series of knitted of the two threads forming my knitted fabric. ' loops by the action of the knitting machine, with Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the each series of loops having. loops extending alter relative position of the threads with relation to nately at opposite sides and interlaced with the the needles of the knitting machine. threads of parallel series’ of loops on both sides In producing my knitted fabric I use'the' type and with the second thread being knitted and of knitting machines which have guide bars and needles ‘which move alternately to one‘ another; 50. unknitted and interlaced with the loops of each series of knittedloops. ' ' that is, the guide bars move between and around Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawings, numeral 10 the needles. Such machines are of various makes and are constructed with the guide bars and indicates the front thread forming one of the needles as hereinbefore described.’ ‘~ ‘ series of knitted loops and ii indicates a back These machines are characterized by guide 55 thread _forming a parallel series alternating 2,403,793‘ a knitted loops. The second thread is dotted to Referring toFig. 2, in making my knitted fabric. distinguish it from thread ID for convenience of thread 10 makes two successive stitches on the needle I and then passes to needle 2 making two illustration. It will be understood that while two ' threads are illustrated, a multiplicity of such threads are used and corresponding series of loops are formed simultaneously to form the successive stitches on-v‘needle 2, and then returns knitted fabric. Thread I0 is formed into a stitch on needle i, and while thread I 0 makes stitch two to needle i repeating the same operation. The thread ll follows thread It making one stitch l2 and a loop stitch l3 which is reversed to form ' on needle I, thread H lays-in through the stitch stitch I4 and loop stitch i5. Stitch i2 and loop? made on needle I by thread It, then passes to to stitch it are duplicated in thread ill by stitch l2’; 7 needle 2 making .a stitch on needle 2. and wnile and loop stitch I 3'. i thread Ill makes the second stitch on needle 2, As indicated in the drawings, the stitch i2 " thread if lays-in through the stitch made on interlocks with the thread It forming one point _ . needle 2 by thread it. ‘of the diamond. The thread l0 then forms the Inns. 1, the threads tothe left of threads Hi loop stitch l3 interlocking the threads it and I1, and 'H are front threads 22 and back threads 23, and the stitch l2 which is formed by thread it). indicated by white and black threads which in The thread I!) then-forms the succeeding stitch terlock in the same manner as threads it and l i. l4 and interlocks thread ii in the same manner , It is‘ obvious that various changes may be made as described for stitch l2. However, the loop in the knitting of my new type of knitted fabric stitch I5 is the reverse of the loop stitch l3 and 20 without departing from the general spirit of the passes through the stitch M formed by threads l0 invention. and H and then forms a stitch l2’ similar to I claim: stitch H as afore described, thus causing a con v 1. A knitted fabric comprising front and back tinuous repetition of pattern. It should be noted threads characterized by a uniform pattern of that whereas the loop stitch 13 extends to the 25 diamond shaped openings, consisting of said front right to interlock with threads l6 and I1, the loop and back threads, each front thread formed into stitch 15 extends to the left to interlock with-a a series of loops extending altemately at opposite ‘parallel series of loops forming the other side of sides and interlocked with’ a series of knitted the diamond. ‘ ' loops on the oppositesides thereof, each back Thread ll forms stitch l8 which interlocks 30 thread being alternately knitted and laid-in and with stitch l2 and then forms a'reverse stitch interlocking a series of loops. l9 which interlocks with stitch l4 and loop stitch 2. A knitted fabric comprising front and back 2|! (which is similar in formation to loop stitch threads characterized by a uniform pattern of I 3 and I3’). Thread ll then forms stitch ‘l8’ diamond shaped openings, consisting of said front ‘which interlocks with stitch I2’ and the reverse 35 and back threads, each front thread formed into loop stitch 2i and then repeats, forming another point of the diamond. ~ The threads If! and II are duplicated by simi lar threads both to the right and left of the afore described stitches and loops and continually 40 repeat themselves thus forming the knitted fabric. As shown in Fig. 1, the threads, stitches and loops of the series form openings of diamond formation when the fabric is completed. It should be understood that in the knitting operation the stitches l2, l8, l4, I9, l2’, l8’, etc., are tightly drawn while the loop stitches l3, l5, a series of stitches and loop stitches extending alternately at opposite sides and interlocked, with a. series of knitted loops on the opposite sides thereof, cash back thread being alternately knitted and laid-in on opposite sides and inter locked with the series of stitches and alternately interlocked with the series of loop stitches. H 3. A-knitted fabric comprising front and pack threads characterized by a uniform pattern of diamond shaped openings, consisting of said front and back threads, each front thread forming a series of stitches and loop stitches extending al l3’, etc., are loose to form “legs,” forming the ‘ ternately at opposite sides. said loop stitches sides of the diamond shape, and the stitches as forming two sides of each diamond shaped open aforesaid forming the points of such diamond 50 ing, each back thread being alternately knitted shape, giving the appearance of knots at such and interlocking with the series of stitches and points. The finished product appearsin the form loop stitches, the back and front threads forming of uniform diamonds. It is understood that the the other. two sides of each diamond shaped actual 'size of the diamonds may be smaller I opening. than the size indicated in Fig. 1, and the diamond 55 4. A knitted fabric comprising front and back shapes may be made of any desired size for dif threads characterized by a uniform pattern of ferent uses by adjusting the "take up” upon the diamond shaped openings, two sides of each dia ' machine, or by other means well known in the art. mond being formed of front threads only and the In Fig. 2 each complete circle represents-a other two sides being formed of front and back 60 stitch, each half circle represents an inlay, and threads. the dotted line represents a loop. The dots with 5. A knitted fabric comprising front and back in the circles represent needles. Of course, it threads characterized by a uniform pattern of is understood that guide bars (not shown) con diamond shaped openings, two sides of each dia trol the movement of the yarn around the needles. being formed of front threads only and the The knitted fabric afore described can be made , mond other two sides being formed of front and back ‘ by reversing the direction of the threads,ithat is, threads, the points of each diamond being formed the threads that loop around the needles from by said front and back threads. ' right ,to left can be looped around the needles from left to right, thus in the ?nal appearance LOUIS N. FEINS'I'EIN. the knitted fabrics made by this method will look 70 virtually the same.