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Патент USA US2403839

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I July 9,
N. v~w. ADOLPHII _
Filed'Ma'y 19,'_1943
‘Y z Sheets-Sheet _1
July 9, 1946.
N. w‘; ADOLPH‘
Filed May 19, 1943
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG‘. 7.
m ,BMW’Mé
Patented July 9,‘ 11946 , .r
1:. 3', >» .1;
‘ r‘i'iNmrman wnAdolphvGrafton; Illl, assignor to:'I=lli_-L;,:
I 2,403,839
I‘ I
5. mois {PowderJ ‘Manufacturing. Company
“Louis, Mo., apo'rporationof Illinois
nag-~19, (crass-.193)1943-, serial No."487,6;38’
"the compressible, expansible" collar 1' consisting
~ My ‘invention consists in anew
.provement in couplings and is designed-to pro
vide means for connecting -'rods, 'tubes,letc.»,‘1n
of a single piece of ‘suitable fresilient material
such away as to ‘?rmly relate therelements to
having such an interior‘.diameterlthat the tubes
A and B, to'be joined, are tightlygripped‘thereby.
T'I’he' abutting longitudinal edges 2 ‘of the member
l» are bent upon themselves to ‘form flanges 3
forming, when compressed; a cylindrical member
prevent endwise or ro'tative relative" movement
thereof, and is particularly intended for-‘connect
two or more tubes'of explosives which vare to
be inserted into a bore.
-‘('Fig.i 3) ("which have inclined ‘oppositely disposed
router edges'fi?l spaced from the ‘outer'surface of
the member I.. ~-"I‘he“locki_ng .membertl'has its
In .the use of a series
of these explosive tubes, it is often necessary to
"work the tubes ‘up and down in the bore to cause
'thernritoipass-downwardlytherethrough; and such
reciprocation obviouslyw imposes a very'l'severe'
strain upon the coupling-means connecting the
several tubes in the series.
longitudinal :ofuteredges- ‘ 6 ' formed rwith 'an"=*in
.clination corresponding'with that of the‘ edgesi?
of the flanges g3; and-providedwith inwardly
turned ?anges ‘E. The locking member 5 hasa
It is to insure a re
liable connection, to prevent any relative end 15 portion 8, at its narrower end 5—a, bent at an
‘angle of 90° to the rest of the member 5, to pro
wise or rotative movement of the several tubes,
‘vide an operating handle.
which is the purpose of my invention. The de
The collar I is pro
,vided with sets of, struck-up fangs extending in
wardly from the inner surface of the collar I, for
vice comprises only tWo parts, a compressible.
expansible collar to embrace the abutting ends
of a pair of tubes, and a locking member to rigidly 20' engagement with the tubes A and B.
A series of
attach the collar to the tubes. The particularly‘
thesefangs is provided circumferentially of the
novel and useful features of the invention are
the inclined adjacent edges of the collar and the
inclined ?anges of the locking member which
These end series comprise fangs '9 and I0, the.
former lying in planes parallel with the longitu-'
collar I adjacent each of its ends I--a and I--b.
co-act in a Wedging action to clamp the collar 25 dinal axis of collar I, and the latter inra plane 7
parallel to the transverse axis of the collar I (Figs.
in position on the tubes, and a series of fangs on
3, Sand 8). A third series, composed'entirely'of
the inner surface of the collar which bite into
the material of the tubes, when the collar is
clamped thereon, to insure relative immobility of
the collar and the tubes.
I have illustrated in the drawings ?ledhere
v'fangs I0, is circumferentially disposed equidis
' tant from the ends I-,-a and I--b. The reason
30 for the peculiar character and disposition ‘of these
fangs 9 and I 0 will presently appear.
In the modi?ed form of the device, illustrated
with, and have hereinafter fully described certain
speci?c embodiments of my invention, but it is 1 ' in Figs. 6, '7 and 8, the handle 8 is dispensed with
to be distinctly understood that I do not consider
my invention to be limited to said speci?c embodi
ments, but refer for its. scope to the claim ap
pended hereto.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of my improved cou
pling, showing it fully applied to a pair of tubes.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation.
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section on the line 3-3 '
of Fig.1.
Fig. 4 is a front elevation, showing, the coupling
inthe process of application to the tubes;
Fig. 5 is a horizontal section onthe line 5-5.
of Fig. 4.
Fig, 6' is a front e1evation,>similar'to Fig. 1,
showing a modi?ed form of coupling. ‘ '
Fig. 7 is a'vertical section on the line 'I—'I of
Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged, fragmentary, horizontal
section on the line 8—8 of Fig. 6.
:0 Ci
and the locking member 5 is provided with a suit
able ori?ce II adjacent its end 5-b. With the
form of the device, so illustrated in Figs. 6, '7 and
8, the locking member 5 canvbe drawn into lock
ing position by any suitable form of hook I2 in-'
serted into the ori?ce I I.
From the foregoing description of the details
of construction of the device, its operation will be
obvious. When it is desired to connect the tubes
A and B by the improved coupling, the end A-I
of the tube Avis inserted into the end I—a of the
collar I (Fig. 4) until the end AV—I is received
on the upper faces of the'fangs ID at the middle
of the member I which thus serve as stops to
properly relate the tube A and member I so that '
g, the upper half of the member I embraces the tube
A. The locking member 5 is then applied to‘ the
collar I by ‘passing its end 5—b overthe ?anges
3 at the end I-—a of the collar I.
It is to be noted
that the turned-overinclined edges‘ 6 of the mem- '
As illustrated in the drawings, the preferred 7
her 5 are most widely spaced at the end 5—b, and
form of the device, shown in Figs. 1 to 5', comprises 55 the inclined edges 4‘ of the ?anges 3 are least
widely spaced at the end I-a. This relation of
the parts thus facilitates the application of the
locking member 5 to the collar I, as above de
scribed. When the member 5 has been passed
along the collar I for a distance su?'lcient to com
in Figs. 6, 7 and 8, by the use of the tool I2 in
serted into the ori?ce I I, instead of the use of the
turned over portion 8 of the preferred form.
Having described my invention, what I claim is:
In a coupling for connecting two endwise abut
press the collar I to cause the fangs 9 and I0
ting tubes of opaque material, the combination
adjacent the end I--a of member I to engage the
of an expansible, compressible collar adapted to
tube A, to stabilize the collar I uponthe tube A,
embrace the abutting endsof‘the' tubes, said collar
being provided with means whereby relative ro
collar I, its end B-I passing upwardly through 10 tation of the collar and tubes is prevented, com
prising a plurality of inwardly turned fangs dis
the open end I--b, until the end B-I is received
posed on’ the inner surface of the collar and lying
against the lower faces of the fangs In at the
in‘ planes parallel with the longitudinal axis of
middle of the collar I serving as stops to properly
the collar, and jurther provided with means
relate the tube B to the collar I and consequently
to the tube A already positioned in collar I, so 15 whereby relative axial movement of the collar and
tubes is prevented, comprising a plurality of in
that the lower half of the collar I embraces the
wardly turned fangs disposed on the inner sur
tube B. Thus it is obvious that the coupling is
face of the collar and lying in planes parallel with
symmetrically disposed with relation to the tubes
the tube B is inserted into the lower end I-b of
A and B.
The locking member 5 is then forced ‘
. the transverse axis of the collar, and further pro
downwardly from the position illustrated in Fig. 20 vided with means whereby the transverse axis of
the collar may be positioned to coincide with the
4 to that illustrated in Fig. 1, the Wedging e?ect
transverse plane passing between the abutting
of the edges 6 of member 5 and the edges 4 of
ends of the tubes, when the collar is applied to
collar I thereby tightening the collar about the
connect the tubes, comprising a plurality of in
tubes A and B and causing the fangs 9 and I0
adjacent the ends I-a and I—b to penetrate the 25 wardly turned fangs disposed on the inner sur
tubes A and‘B respectively. The disposition of
face of the collar, on the transverse axis of the
collar, and lying in the plane of said transverse
the fangs 9 prevents rotation of the tubes A and
axis; and a locking member adapted to- engage
B relative to the collar l and the disposition of
the collar to compress it and project the fangs
the fangs I0 prevents relative end-wise movement
of the tubes A and B and the collar I.
It is obvious that the above described applica
tion of the coupling to the tubes may be performed ’
with the modi?ed form of the device, illustrated
30 of the said ?rst and second means to penetrate
the tubes, and the fangs of the third means to
- pass between the tubes.
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