Патент USA US2403840код для вставки
July 9, 1946. J. A‘SHURST 2,403,840 i QUEEN BEE- SHIPPING AND INTRODUGING CAGE Filed ‘April 1o, 1944 E l l n l n „ê E INVENTOR. E <fa¿ /A /v AeA/M967, Patented July 9, 15946 _ 2,403,840 Y même " ì Y2.403.840? leUEENiäÉE'SmPPmG AND-'INTBODUGING " ' . Julian Ashurst, Westmoreland, Calif. Appiipatiòn april '10, 1944,;seria1’Nò. 530,333 ' ' @5 Claims.y (cie-9) I ' Y n1 w Y rectangular inner receptacle Zand an oblong This invention relates .to a queen bee shipping andpintroducing cage, and vhas particular refer 'rectangular'outer receptacle or cover 3. struction a bottom or'back Wall 4, sidewalls 5, and end Walls 6, and is open ordevoid of a'waill at its top or front side v'I.' The Walls 6 are proa vided with suitably formed ventilation openings 8, and within the receptacle is arranged a food mitted from' consignorto consignee through ordí- I, nary mails. , . e . The inner receptacle 2 embodiesv in its con ence to cages of thattypev adapted to be trans . vQne'object of the invention is to provide' a sim ple .and linexr'iensive cage of this vcharacter by which bees may be'safely confined and shipped. holding cell or chamber 9 Yin which suitable‘food Another object >of the invention'is to provide a e maybe placed t‘orsupply the bees during a ship:r cage comprising an inner receptacle' and a cover therefor thro'ugh‘ìwhich the bees may be intro A duced into lthe cage and therein confined by rela tivev‘shifting movements of the inner _receptacle ping period. _The cell or lchamber » 9' may be formed of a strip of material bent into shapeand secured to and forming with oneof the walls 5 andl cover; and which cover is adapted’to permit V . a' chamber of-` a Vdesired _form and size. vThis ready "insertion .and removaluof the cage While 15 chamber may be open‘at the tcp to allow the food to be readily introduced therein and it is pro holding the'cage securely against displacement during shipment. ï’ ' ’ during shipment, which. receptacle is adapted in an introducing action to befembedded in va hive comb to conñne the'bees during .anr'introducing ` vided in its ‘inner wall with an opening I0 allow ing thevbees'tor pass in and out and have access ' 'Still'another object of the invention is to pro vide a cage having an inner receptacle provided with an'open side normally -closed 'by the cover period._ AStill another object of the invention is tol pro vide 'an inner cage receptacle whichis made of _a material whichv when applied tothe comb may be' gnawed away by the bees and thus disposed of, Vduring which period of Vdisposal the queen bee is. gradually introduced _so as to be favorably received by the bees ofthe hive.' ' ' .. l ' ` ' The invention consists of Vhe novel features o-f to the food. 20 ' n ' ' " ' i » Theouter receptacle 3'er'nbodies in its con-_ struction a bottom or back Wall II, side walls I2 and a front- or top wall I3, the said‘receptacle being of greater length than the inner receptacle 2 and being open at each end I4 for'the insertion therein .and removal therefrom of the inner re ceptacle. ' -` 'A f "Í‘ The receptacle v2 is adapted to ñt withl sufficient snugness in thereceptacle 3 so that it Will 'be held . therein against casual displacement While allow-j ing itv to be readily forced outward andremoved when desired. r1`he receptacle 2 is designed'to hold the queen and other’be'es to be shipped, and the receptacle 3 serves as a cover to close it construction, combination land arrangement of parts, hereinafter fully described and claimed, „ against escape of the bees and to protect said and as' shownl in the accompanying drawing, vin 35 receptacle 2 and'its contents during shipment. The receptacle 3 is of such greaterlength than the receptacle `42 'that when thereceptacle 2 is whißhr , , . c Fig; 1) is ka front'view ofthe cage with the inner receptacle disposed in the cover for shipment. e _, ` Fig. '_2l is a sectional plan view through the cover showing the inner receptacle Partly insec tion. v .. .. ' ' ' Fig. 3` is a'vertical longitudinal section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1. ~ ' ‘ disposed in preper shipping position in there ceptacle 3„as vshown clearly in Figs. 2 and 3,_the ends of the latter will vproject beyondfthe ends of the former to form guards to protect the ends of v’the receptacle 2 from liability Of-injury due to contact with extraneous objects in shipment. When the receptacle 2 is properly disposed in Figs. 4 and 5 are transverse sections taken, re 45 the receptacle 3, the open topv'I of the receptacle spectively, on the lines 4-4 and 5-5 of Fig. 2. 2 and the open top of the chamber 9 will be Fig. 6 is a front view of the cover, partly broken closed by the wall I3 of the receptacle 3 against away and in section and the inner receptacle escape of the bees, leaving exposed only the ven partly in plan and partly in section, showing the tilation openings 8 which are too small for pas inner receptacle in position to receive a bee in serted through the insertion opening in the cover. 50 sage of the bees. The receptacle 2 Will also be spaced equally from the ends I4 of the receptacle ' Figs. 7 and 8 are perspective views respectively' 3 and the open side 'I of the receptacle 2 Will lie of the cover and inner receptacle separated from out of registry with an opening I5 formed in the each other. , wall I3 adjacent one of the ends I4 of lthe re- ' Referring more particularly to the drawing, AI designates the cage which comprises an oblong ceptacle 3. When the receptacle 2 is fitted in 2,403,840 3 4 the receptacle 3 it may be moved to bring its open top 'I into registry with the opening I5 to allow the bees to be inserted through the opening I5, ing of greater length than the inner receptacle and adapted to snugly receive the same and hav ing adjacent to one end thereof a bee insertion opening adapted to be disposed into or out of register with the open side of the inner receptacle by relative sliding movements of said receptacles. 2. A bee shipping case comprising an inner re ceptacle open at one side and an outer receptacle after which the receptacle 2 is shifted to the position shown in Figs. 2 and 3 in which it lies inwardly of the opening I5 and is closed against escape of the bees. The front wall I3 of the receptacle 3 may be provided with an opening covered by a sheet of of greater; length than" the inner.- receptacle and transparent material I6 forming a panel or win open at' each1end and adapted to close the open dow through which the interior of the receptacle side of the inner receptacle 'when the latter is 2 may be Viewed at all times in order that the iitted therein, said outer receptacle being pro condition of the bees may be determined. This vided with a bee insertion opening in one of its wall I3 or the wall II may serve as an address walls and said inner receptacle being longitudi side to receive the addresses of the consigner and 15' nally shiftable Within the outer receptacle to consignee as well as stamps for prepayment of bring4 its open side into and out of registry with postage and either wall II or I3 may bear a said opening. label or printed matter giving- instructions fory 3. A bee shipping case comprising an inner the care of the bees during shipment and such receptacle open at one side and an outer re other informatory matter as the consignor may 20 ceptacle of greater length than the inner re desire. to place thereon. ceptacle and open at each end and> adapted to When the bees reach their destination and it close. the open side of the inner receptacle when is desired to hive them, the receptacle 2 is with the latter is fitted therein, said outer receptacle drawn from the receptacle 3 and its open side 'I being provided with a bee insertion opening in is pressed down or embedded into a. surface of 25 one of its walls and said inner receptacle .being a comb in the hive. The delivered bees are thus provided with a food holding chamber and being placed in position to form a hive swarm> and to longitudinally shiftable within the outer recep introduce a queen bee shipped in the cage to the tacle to bring its open side intoy and. out of regis other bees of the. swarm. try with said opening. In practice the» parts of the cage may be 30 4. A bee shipping cage comprising an outer re formed of cardboard or other relatively cheap ceptacle and an inner receptacle adapted to be material. It is designed to form the inner re fitted into the outer receptacle and removed therefrom, the outer receptacle being -of greater length than the inner receptacle and being pro ceptacle at least of such m-aterial or a like ma terial which may be disintegrated or gnawed away by the bees. and the particles carried off by them. 35 vided adjacent to one end thereof with a> bee in By this means the receptacle 2 will be. disposed of without the necessity of the hiveman removing sertion opening. adapted to be disposedfinto and out of register with the open side ofthe inner receptacle by relative sliding movements of said receptacles, said inner receptacle having an open thus disposing of the receptacle. they are grad 40 side closed by the outer receptacle when ñtted ually introduced to the queen. bee so thatthey therein and adapting it when removed from the will accept her as» their queen. The described outer receptacle to be embedded within a surface construction of the receptacle. 2 secures these of. a hive comb and closed thereby, and saidl inner it, as is necessary with. cages made of. Wood or metal, -‘and at the same time While the bees are desirable advantages. From the foregoing description, taken in con nection with the drawing, the construction, mode of use and advantages of my improvedY shipping cage will be readily understood. withoutV a further receptacle being formed as a whole of a dis 45 integrable material adaptedtobe readily gnawed away by bees confined between the same and the comb.. ' ` 5'.. A bee shipping cage comprising an oblong and extended description. While the construc rectangular inner receptacle open at oneffsj‘i'de and tion disclosed is preferred, it is to beunderstood 50 having food holding means therein and being that such construction is merely exempliñcative formed of a materialI readily di'sintegrablfe by the and th’at changes in the form, proportion and v gnawing action of bees, and anY oblong rectangu arrangement of the. partsx falling within the scope lar outer receptacle of. greater length than. the of thefappended claims, may be made without inner receptacle and open at each end, said outer departing from> the spirit or sacriñcing any of 55 receptacle being adapted to hold frictionally the the.r advantages of the invention. inner receptacle conñned therein and from dis Having thus described my invention,1 claim: placement therefromv and being provided in one 1. A bee shipping cage comprising an` inner oi its Walls. with a bee insertion. opening adapted by sliding motionA of the inner receptacle to be receptacle open at onev side and- an outer re-Y moved into and outV of. register with. the open side ceptacle open at each». end: and adapted to close of the inner receptacle. _ ' the open> side of the inner receptacle when the JULIAN. ASHURST. latter is; fitted therein, said. outer receptacle be.