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Патент USA US2403858

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July 9, 1946.
R. L. GROOM
2,403,858
AL._ I
LIVE MINNOW AND SMALL ‘FISHQRECEPTAGLE‘
Filed March 5, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
R'EPSarriah, $2:
I
W
July 9, 1946.
R. |.. GROOM ETAL
2,403,358
LIVE MINNOW AND SMALL FISH REGEPTACLE
Filed March 3, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
v.62
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2,403,858
' Patented July 9, 1.946
;; : UNITED ~ [STATES PATENT " ‘OFFICE {I
LIVE MiNNoW
AND sMALLFIsH‘
RECEPTACLE
' I v'“ Roy L. Groom-and‘Roger E. Parrish, Sr.,
Q Jackson, Tenn.
"' " ' Application
7
March a, 1944, Serial No. 524,910
lClaim. (01. 43.456)
.
The invention relates generallyto'the class of
receptacles and pertains particularly'to improve
ments in boxesjor receptacles for the use of ?sh
2
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with the cover open, the cover being only'partly
shown.
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[Referring now more particularly to the draw
ings the bait and ?sh box or receptacle will be
'ermen for the carrying of live bait such as min
' ‘A primary object of the present invention is to
seen, upon reference to Figure 1, to be of elon
gated rectangular form,'having the upright or
vfpro'videa live bait box or receptacle for carrying
vertical front and back walls? l0 and _l I respec
nows or small ?sh.
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tively; the end walls [2‘, the bottom L3 and the
‘and prolonging the life of minnows or small ?sh
vused‘ for bait, suchvreceptacle comprising a pair
'top wall cover'ld."
The cover I4 is vhingedly attached along ‘one
_of compartments in which the minnows or small -
_?_'sh_a1jeplaced_,,and a third, or middle compart
ment forv the ‘storing of icejor other suitable j re
.frigerantjithe __middle compartment being in com
vmunication .withjthe pair of compartments so
‘.that‘there maybe a free circulation of water and
longitudinal edge, as at l5, to the back wall ‘|_l
while at the opposite longitudinaledge, prefer
ably adjacent the transverse center, the cover
carries the keeper of‘va lock or fastener which
15 ‘is generally designated J6 and byme'ansfof which
"air between the. three‘different compartments.
'te cover is secured in closed position; '
‘ Another object, of: the invention’ is to provide
'
Within the" box are the two vv‘ertica1 spaced
, a‘i‘li've 'baitfandismall.?shboxj orreceptacle in
partition walls I1 which form betweenthem the
which the several compartments'jarejarranged in
relatively narrow central chamber l8 and; in as
longitudinal alignment so‘ that the receptacle has v20v ociation"withlthaadjacent end walls, "the end
the ‘generallformlioi atsuit-case and is therefore
easy t0 Ga,rry',f,'thejcarryingj; handle for the re
ceptacle being disposed at‘the transverse center
chambers l9 and 20; " "
The [central chamber isdesigned toffre eivea
2511115911319 'I‘Bfrigera'ntsuch ‘as ‘ice while lth‘e‘ ‘end
.
vchalnbel‘s are provided to have placed therein live
A further object of the invention is to provide 25 minnows, small ?sh or other live bait. The re
a bait box or receptacle of the character stated,
ceptacle is, of course, water-tight and the three
thereof.
having a hinged top door or lid and having a ‘ _ chambers are partly ?lled with water. vIn order
carrying handle formed in two sections which
that there may be the necessary circulation be
are brought together over the top of the lid and
tween the chambers so that the refrigerating
which function to maintain the lid in closed po
action of the ice in the chamber I8 will be e?ec
sition particularly when the receptacle is tipped ~ tive, the partition walls are provided with the
for the‘ purpose of emptying all or part of the
apertures 2|, adjacent the bottom Wall l3 and
liquid contents thereof.
at their top edges they are cut out as indicated
~
The invention will be best understood from a
_
at 22.
»
consideration of the following detailed descrip
Each of the end walls I2 has an opening 23
tion taken in connection with the accompany
formed therein adjacent the top, which opening
is covered by the screen 24. These openings per
form the double function of admitting air into
ing drawings with the understanding, however,
that the invention is not con?ned to any strict
conformity with the showing of the drawings but
the chambers or compartments and allowing for
may be changed or modi?ed so long as such 40 the drainage of water therefrom by the tipping
vchanges or modi?cations mark no material de
of the receptacle at either end.
parture from the salient features of the inven
tion as expressed in the appended claim.
In the drawings
The chambers I9 and 20 are of substantially
the same dimensions and there is provided for
introduction into one of them, such as the cham
Figure 1 is a view in perspective of the bait 45 ber 20 as illustrated in Figure 2, the wire mesh
and ?sh box or receptacle of the present inven
basket 25, the side walls 26 and bottom of which
tion.
..
are of screen fabric while the top 21 is formed
Figure 2 is a vertical, longitudinal centralsec
of imperforate material and has a single opening,
tion of the same.
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V
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not shown, which is covered by the lid 28. This
Figure 3 is a vertical transverse section taken
lid is hinged to the top as indicated at 29 and is
on the line 3—3 of Figure l with certain parts
secured down by the latch 30. A bail or handle
of the handle portions omitted.
3| is also attached to the top of the wire mesh
receptacle so that the same .may be conveniently
Figure 4 is a partial section taken on the lin
4-4 of Figure 2.
*
lifted from its compartment. This handle may
Figure 5 is a view in top plan of the receptacl
also be employed to secure or tether the recep
2,408,858
3
4
tacle to the side of the boat or other body when
of metal or wood, but wood construction is pre
ferred particularly for use in hot climates since
wood does not absorb heat as rapidly ‘as metal
and therefore the temperature of the inside of
the receptacle will remain low for a longer period
it is desired to place the same in a stream so, that
the bait or captured ?sh may be kept in running
water.
The numeral 32 generally designates the car
rying handle for the box. This handle is formed
than would be the case if the receptacle were 01
in two sections or portions each of which com
metal construction.
prevented from opening accidentally it the secun
tively long rectangular box having two transverse
partition walls disposed in relatively close prox
imity one to the other and adjacent to the longi
By "forming the openings 22 in the top edges
prises a substantially U shaped bail attached at
of the positioned walls H, at remote sides of the
its ends by the hinge ears 34, to one side wall
of the receptacle, so that the intermediate por 10 box it will be readily apparent that a tortuous
pathway is provided for the circulation of air
tions of the two bails, which are here shown as
through the upper part of the box from one end
being provided with coverings 35, preferably in
to t the other. Consequently the maximum
the form of rubber tubes, may be brought to
amount of contact between the air, the water and
gether above the longitudinal center of the cover
[4 for the convenient carrying of the receptacle, 15 the refrigerant, will be obtained so that the wa
terin the end chambers will be maintained at
It will be readily seen,~upon reference to ‘Fig
the desired temperature and will be kept well
ure 1 of the drawings, that when the two por~
aerated.
tions of the carrying handle are brought together
We claim:
each portion will extend across a longitudinal
A bait and fish receptacle, comprising a rela
edge of the cover l4 and thus the cover will be
ing latch I6 is unfastened. This is particularly
important when the receptacle is tipped for the
discharge of water from either of the end wall
tudinal center of the box to divide the box into
openings 23. This allows for the changing of 25 a central compartment and two end compart
ments, a cover pivotally attached to one longi
the water in the receptacle without danger of
tudinal side of the box and adaptedto close all
the ?sh in the compartment l9 escaping by the
of the compartments, the highest part .of the top
accidental opening of the receptacle cover.
edge of each partition lying in the plane of the
There are several advantages derived from the
construction of this bait and ?sh box or recep
top of the box to be engaged by the, cover when
tacle in the rectangular design illustrated. The
closed, each of said partition walls having only
shape and size, being similar to that of a suit case, '
makes the carrying easier and makes it suitable as
a seatin a boat. The rectangular design is also
much better than the round designs such as are 35
one recess formed in the top edge adjacent one
side of the box,'the recess of one wall‘ being at
the opposite side of the box from the recess of
frequently used in a bait receptacle, for the reason
that‘minnows congregate in the corners and re
main still and do not become exhausted from
the other wall, the partition walls having aper
tures therethrough adjacent ‘the ‘bottom of the
box, handle means connected withthe side walls
of the box for carrying the latter, and means for
admitting air into the, top part of each oflthe
continuous swimming, whereas, in round recep
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tacles they continue to swim in circles and'there, 40 two end compartments.
fore
the water,
use up their energy and also , the' oxygen
The present receptacle may be made either
’ ROY 1L, .GROOM.
ROGER, 3E, ,PARRISH, SB.
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