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Патент USA US2404073

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July 16, 1946.
‘
E‘. KARFIOL ET AL
2,404,073
METHOD OF MAKING ORNAMENTAL ARTICLES
Filed Nov. 25, 1944v
so WARD KA HF/OL e WILL/AM A. R0£HM '
ATTORNEY
Patented July 16, 1946
2,404,073
.UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,404,073
METHOD OF MAKING ORNAMENTAL
ART!OLE S
Edward Kar?ol, Great Neck, and William A.
Rochm, Rockville Centre, N. Y., assignors to
Royal Lace Paper Works, Brooklyn, N. Y., a ,
corporation of New York
1
Application November 25, 1944, Serial No. 565,156
4 Claims. (CI. 41-33)
2
This invention is a method of making orna
l The article shown in Figures 1 and 2 comprises
mented articles of a plastic nature, including shelf
edgings and the like.
In the preferred form of practising the present
a transparent plastic layer I, on the back face 2
of ‘which is printed a design illustrated as a rose
sprig consisting of a stem 3 with leaves 4 and a
invention, we print, in black or one or more 5 bloom 5. Thickness is shown as greatly exag
colors, a predetermined design upon one surface
gerated in the drawing so that the presence of
of a transfer web of any appropriate material
the printing material may be indicated. The en
with an ink or other suitable printing material
tire printed design may be impressed into the
so constituted that it may be readily transferred
back face 2 of the plastic layer I, but, as shown,
from the Web to a plastic surface. The web is l0 only the bloom 5 is thus impressed, the stem 3
then passed into contact with a layer of plastic
and leaves 4 being surface printed on the face 2,
and while in contact with such layer, the web is
as clearly appears in Figure 2. With this ar
embossed into the contacting surface of the layer
rangement» the stem and leaves will appear
so as to form in the layer depressions in which at
through the front face 6 of the layer l as flat
lease part of the printed design is positioned.
15 printed while the bloom will appear in bas-relief
The printing ink or other material employed
with different parts thereof exhibiting varying
is such that it will thereupon adhere to the-plastic
effects of light and shadow according to the var
layer and, after the said material has thus ad
ious degrees of relief of the respective parts
thereof.
hered, the web is then stripped from the plastic
layer, leaving the printed design attached to one 20 The method by which these results are accom
face of the plastic layer and in the depressions
plished is graphically illustrated in Figure 3. As
therein.
there shown, a transfer web ‘I is fed between ap
The opposite face of the plastic layer is pref
propriate printing rolls P, P’, the former of which
erably smooth and uninterrupted, and the plastic
prints, on the upper surface of said web, the de
is transparent, so that the‘ printed design, ad 25 sign ln an appropriate ink or other printing ma
hering to the back face thereof, may be readily
terial so constituted that it will readily transfer ‘
seen therethrough. Those portions of such
from the web, but will be retained on the web
printed design as are positioned in depressions
until removed therefrom by contact with the
as stated, will optically appear in bas-relief and
plastic to which it is to be applied.
when viewed from the s‘moothfront face of the 30 From the printing rolls, the web travels into
plastic layer.
contact with a layer of plastic I which may con
Any appropriate plastic may be employed for
veniently be fed from an extruder 8 onto an end
the plastic layer. For example, -we may use ' less conveyor 9 travelling across a table l0. After
thermoplastic or thermosetting materials and we
the web has been laid upon the plastic, it is acted
may use heat when desirable and necessary to 35 upon by an embossing roll E having upon its sur- _
carry out the method of this invention, either to
face raised portions e, adapted to register with
facilitate the impressing of either the whole or
that part of the printed design which it is desired
portions of the printed design into the back face
to emboss into the plastic layer, being, in the
of the plastic layer or for thereafter facilitating
illustrative showing, the bloom 5. This roll E
the setting of curing of such layer. Examples of 40 forces the web 1 into ?rm contact with the sur
plastics which may be conveniently used are as
face 2 of the plastic layer and the projections
follows: cellulose acetate. cellulose acetate buty
e emboss‘the portions of the web, which carry
rate, polystyrene, ethyl cellulose, methocryolate,
the printed bloom, into the surface of the plastic
layer.
‘ chloride, nylon, vinylidene and other vinyl resins.
In the accompanying drawing we have illus
The printing material and plastic have adher
trated one speci?c way of practising the present
ent properties one for the other, so that the
invention, but the showing therein made is to be
printing material will adhere to and bond with
understood as illustrative only and not as defin
the plastic. Consequently after the web and
ing the limits of the invention.
plastic layer leave the embossing roll E, the web .
In said drawing:
60 may be stripped from the plastic layer, leaving
Figure 1 is a face view of an article made
the printed design on the face 2 of plastic layer
according to this invention.
l
and in the depressions or indentations formed by
Figure 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
the projections e in the said face.
i
- Figure 3 diagrammatically illustrates a method
embodying this invention.
'
A wide variety of printing material may be em
on ployed according to this invention. We may con
asoso'zs '
3
~
.
a solvent mixture of an adhesive resin which has
traveling transfer web, thereafter bringing the
thus printed/side of the web into facial contact
an ai?nity for and is compatible with the plastic
of the plastic layer to which it is to be trans
embossing device into registration with at least
veniently use as such, a suitable dye dissolved in
ferred, but is not so completely compatible with
the substance of the transfer web; For example,
with a moving organic plastic layer, bringing an
part of the printed design and forcing that part
of the printed design against the plastic layer to
if the plastic layer is of cellulose acetate, we may
emboss that part of the printed design and layer
of polystyrene. Or we could coat a transfer web
of paper or other material with a solution of poly
styrene or print or coat those portions of the web,
bonding a?inity with the plastic layer, whereby the
with di?erent parts of the printed design in dif
use, as a printingmaterial an alcohol or water
ferent relief, and thereafter stripping the trans
soluble dye dissolved in a solvent mixture of an ,
adhesive resin such as polyvinyl acetate and for 10 fer web from said layer, the printed design on
the web comprising printing material having
the transfer web we could, in this case, use a web
printed design remains on the plastic layer when
the transfer web is stripped therefrom;
3. The herein described method which coin
on which the design is to be carried, with a solu 16
prises: printing a predetermined design upon one
tion of polystyrene, and then superimpose the
side of a transfer sheet, thereafter bringing the
polyvinyl acetate base printing material thereon.
thus printed side of the sheet into facial contact
Pigmented printing materials may also-be used,
with a layer of organic plastic, bringing an em
as well as a wide variety of the synthetic resin
base printing materials in the carrying out of 20 bossing device into registration with at least part
of said printed design and forcing that part of
this invention.
the printed design against the plastic layer to
After the design has been applied to the plastic
emboss that part of the printed design and layer
layer and the web stripped, a coating of varnish
with different parts of the printed design in dif
or any other suitable protective material may be
applied over the upper surface of the plastic layer 25 ferent relief, thereafter stripping said sheet from
the plastic layer, the printed design on said sheet
to protect the printed design thereon.
comprising printing material having bonding af
The invention has been described as carried
?nity with the plastic layer, whereby the printed
out in the form of a continuous process by the
design remains on the plastic layer when the
use of rolls, traveling webs and layers, but. as
an alternate procedure, we may use flat plates 30 transfer sheet is stripped therefrom, and there
after applying to the printed embossed surface
acting upon'a stationary sheet, corresponding to
of the plastic layer a protective covering.
the traveling web ‘i, and a stationary layer of
4. The herein described method which com
plastic, corresponding to the. moving layer i.
prises: printing a predetermined design upon a
We claim:
1. The hereindescribed method which com 35 traveling'transfer web, thereafter bringing the
thus printed side of the web into facial contact
prises: pi'inting a predetermined design upon one
with a moving organic plastic layer, bringing an
side of a transfer sheet, thereafter bringing the
embossing device into registration with at least
thus printed side of the sheet into facial contact
part of the printed design and forcing that part
with a layer‘ of organic plastic, bringing an em
of the printed design against the plastic layer
bossing device into registration with at least part
to emboss that part‘ of the printed design and
of said printed design and forcing that part of
layer with different parts of the printed design in
the printed design against the plastic layer to
different relief, thereafter stripping the trans
emboss that part of the printed design and layer
fer web from said layer, the printed design on
with different parts of the printed design in dif
the web comprising printing material having
ferent relief, and thereafter stripping said sheet
bonding affinity with the plastic layer, whereby the
from the plastic layer, the printed design on said
printed design remains on the plastic layer when
sheet comprising printed material having bonding
the transfer web is stripped therefrom, and there
ailinity with the plastic layer,‘ whereby the
after applying to the printed embossed surface
printed design remains on the plastic layer when
the transfer sheet is stripped therefrom.
50 of the plastic layer a protective covering.
EDWARD KARFIOL.
2. The herein described method which com
WILLIAM A. ROEHM.‘
prises: printing a predetermined design upon a
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