Патент USA US2404151код для вставки
July 16,1946 ‘ ' w. J. WASHAM ' ‘ 3 ‘2,404,151 ANCHOR Filed Dec. 12, 1944 A; 2 Sheets-Sheet l . 28 J I INVENTOR. > July 1'6, 1946. w. J. WASHAM > ’ 2,404,151 ANCHOR . . . .Filed Dec. 12, 1.944 ‘ if 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. ATTO RN EYE Patented July 16, .1946 I 2,494,151 ‘UNITED STATES- PATENT I OFFICE 12,404,151 ANCHOR ’ William J. Washam, Harrisonburg, Va. Application December 12, 1944, Serial No. 567,860 1 ‘ 4 Claims‘. (01. 189-92) . 1 > ' Theinvention relates to an anchoring device, and more especially to an expansible anchoring member. ' - 2 . Figure 7 is a sectional view taken on the line '1 ~ 8-—-8 of Figure 4 looking in the direction of l the , arrows. The primary object of the invention is the pro vision of a device of this character, wherein it can be introduced within a bore Within a founda . ' l - Figure 8 is a detail plan view of one of the links for the blades or wings. _ Figure 9 is a view similar to Figure 8 of the tion and automatically locked therein, yet it can be released when the occasion requires, and when Figure 10 is a detail plan view showing‘ the locked twill ?rmly and securely hold a guy rod blades or wings in separated relation for hinge or cable fast in place for supporting purposes. 10 coupling thereof. > 1 Another object of the inventionis the provision Similar reference characters indicate corre: of a device of this character, wherein the holding sponding parts throughout the several views in power thereof is materially increased, it having spreading wings or blades which assure ?rm and Referring to the drawings in detail, A desig other the secure anchorage in earth, and these wings or blades can be locked in holding position or ad; link. drawings. _ ' . - i . ~ - . 7, nates, generally a bore within the earth, while B denotes in entirety the earth anchor or holding device constructed in accordance with the inven tion, which comprises a hold-down shank l0,,hav justinent, and readily released for the removal of the device, when it is desired to do so. A further object of the invention is the pro ing an outer eyeterminal ."II to which is at vision of a device of this character, wherein the‘ 20 tached a guy wire, cable or the like, not shown. securing blades or wings are linked in a manner that they can be uncoupled with ease and dis This shank ID has centrally threaded therein, an adjusting stern l2, which functions as a bolt and patch for the easy removalv of the device, the protrudes through the inner end of such shank latter being of novel construction, and unique for play through a clearance l3 therefor created in the arrangement of its’ parts. I 25 in a separable pintle hinge l4 swingingly coupling A still further object of the invention is the together a pair of anchoring blades or wings [5, provision of a device of this character, which is which are outwardly tapered and have curved tips simple in construction, thoroughly reliable and I6 for biting engagement in the earth on the e?icient in operation, strong, durable, readily and spreading of the said wings or blades when coun easily applied and removed, assuring a ?rm tersunk in such earth, as best seen in Figure 4. anchorage, with maximum holding power, and of the drawings. inexpensive to manufacture and install. The wings or blades l5 have pivoted thereto With these and other objects in view, the in spreader links ll, which have pivoted thereon vention consists in the features of construction, separably inter?tted coupling nuts I8, one being combination and arrangement of parts as will be formed with a bifurcation I9, and the otherv hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in formed with a threaded hole 20, respectively. the accompanying drawings, which show the pre The bifurcated nut l8 tops the threaded hole nut, ferred embodiment of the invention, and pointed and into the hole 20 of the latter nut is detach out in the claims hereunto appended. ably' engaged the end 2! of the stem l2, which In the accompanying drawings: 40 end 2| has an annular abutment shoulder 22 for Figure 1 is a side elevation of a device con contacting the nut having the bifurcation l9, so structed in accordance with the invention show that both nuts will be separably coupled together _ ing it being moved to an applied position. by this end 2|, as best seen in Figure 3 of the Figure 2 is a fragmentary side view looking to drawings. ward the outer face of one of its blades or wings. 45 The shank ID at its inner end is formed with Figure 3- is a sectional view taken on the line an externally enlarged head 23 which when con; 3—-3 of Figure 1 looking in'the direction of the tacting the hinge l4 locks the wings or bladesv l5 arrows. in an outwardly spread condition and in anchor Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing ing position, as best-seen in Figure 4 of the draw the device in anchored position. ” ings, this being effected by turning the shank III Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing on the stemlZ in one direction, then by reverse the device adjusted for the unanchoring thereof. turning of such shank the blades or wings I 5 Figure 6 is a sectional view taken on the line can be released from locked condition, which is 6-—6 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows. ' best seen in Figure 1 of the drawings. ' ' The stem I2 is provided with a longitudinally ' 2,404,151 ., 3 , extending mutilated thread ‘area’ forming an over-running ‘clutch surface 24 in cooperation with a ratchet acting clutch ball 25 ‘freely coun ter~seated at 25 in the head 23, and held'remov able by a plug 2'! threaded therein. Thus, the‘ 5 shank ID will turn on the stem l2 in one direc ’ tion through the threaded connection therewith, ‘ detachably coupled to the stem. 7 2.7 A device of the" kind described, comprising ‘ a shank means'on the upper end of said shank for engaging a guy wire or the like, a stem thread ed in said shank through one end thereof, spread but will be'held locked against turning in a re ing wings loosely hinged to each other and slid-' able on' the stem, linkage‘ pivoted tothe wings ~ verse direction, andin this manner, the stem l2’ can be detachably engaged and ‘released from-the, ; in saidshank through one end thereof, spreading wings loosely hinged to each other and slidable on the stem, and linkage pivoted to the wings and nuts I8, as best seen in Figure 5 of the drawings. and detachably coupled to’ the stem" and means W'henthe nuts l8 are uncoupled, as shown inv Figure 50f the drawings, the device can be with- ' ing the wings in spread relation to each other. on the shank for engaging the wings and lock 3. A device of the kind described, comprising a shank, means on the upper end of said shank for engaging a’ guy wire or the like, a stem drawn from the bore A in the earth for the ' ing of the anchorage therewith. The'hinge It cannot be separatedwhen the-' fstemi I2 is engaged in the,’ clearance l3, and to; effect the separation of the wings 01' blades Hi,‘ threaded in said shank through one end thereof, this stem mustr'be detached from the shank I051 > - spreading wings loosely hinged to each other and slidable on the'stem, linkage pivoted to the Wings On the form shown in Figure 10, my hinge is 20 and detachably coupled to the stem,v means on the shankior engaging the‘ wings and locking the ‘wings in spread relation to each other and (28) on the butts of thewihgs (l5), one of which meansco-acting with the shank and stemto '7 ‘ lug, is off-set inwardly from the side edge of the clutch these I together for preventing turning while the ‘other lug is ?ush with the ‘side edge of the wing. The oiT-set'lug of e'achrwing 25 mov'ement with?relation to each other in one ldi; carries the hinge .pin (29) -,'while the other lug has I 4. 'A-device of the kind described,‘ comprising a the pin receiving opening (30) . By this arrange shank, means ‘on the upper end of said shank ment when. the wings are hinged ‘together a for engaging a vguy wire or the like, a stem space provides a clearance for‘the stem (172).. threaded on said shank ‘at one end thereof, wings * To ‘anchor the device B, the parts thereof are shownwith two spaced interengaging hinge lugs rectiom arr-ah‘gedias is clearly disclosed inF’igure l of thei-‘drawiingsgahd when anchored, the device will set as shown in Figure 4, then for removal of s'ueh'device, the parts-thereof willhave been ad "jusv " as in Figure 5 of the said drawings. a’ The device B affords altight safe anchorage, 'a-ndZis easily applied and removed. uWh'atis claimedwiszr ' v I > ~ 3 ' ' :L'iA device of the kind described, ‘comprising a shank'mean-s on vthe upper "end ‘of said shank for ‘engagin'ga guy wire or the like, a stem threaded I - '7 1 V g- V ‘ formed each with spaced hinge lugs on its butts one of which isoi'f-set inwardly from the side edge of the wing and carries a hinge pin, and the other lug having a pin éreceiiving ‘opening so that h 35 when the wings'are hinged together a clearance to receive the stem‘ is provided therethrou-gh, > means coupled with thestem and engaging the wings to spread-the ‘same, and means ‘for lock-' ing'the wings in ‘spread relationship. , WILLIAM J. 'w-AsHAM.