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Патент USA US2404151

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July 16,1946 ‘
' w. J. WASHAM
‘ 3
Filed Dec. 12, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet l .
July 1'6, 1946.
w. J. WASHAM > ’
. .
.Filed Dec. 12, 1.944 ‘
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented July 16, .1946 I
’ William J. Washam, Harrisonburg, Va.
Application December 12, 1944, Serial No. 567,860 1 ‘
4 Claims‘. (01. 189-92)
Theinvention relates to an anchoring device,
and more especially to an expansible anchoring
Figure 7 is a sectional view taken on the line '1 ~
8-—-8 of Figure 4 looking in the direction of l the
The primary object of the invention is the pro
vision of a device of this character, wherein it
can be introduced within a bore Within a founda
Figure 8 is a detail plan view of one of the links
for the blades or wings.
Figure 9 is a view similar to Figure 8 of the
tion and automatically locked therein, yet it can
be released when the occasion requires, and when
Figure 10 is a detail plan view showing‘ the
locked twill ?rmly and securely hold a guy rod
blades or wings in separated relation for hinge
or cable fast in place for supporting purposes.
10 coupling thereof. >
Another object of the inventionis the provision
Similar reference characters indicate corre:
of a device of this character, wherein the holding
sponding parts throughout the several views in
power thereof is materially increased, it having
spreading wings or blades which assure ?rm and
Referring to the drawings in detail, A desig
secure anchorage in earth, and these wings or
blades can be locked in holding position or ad;
nates, generally a bore within the earth, while B
denotes in entirety the earth anchor or holding
device constructed in accordance with the inven
tion, which comprises a hold-down shank l0,,hav
justinent, and readily released for the removal of
the device, when it is desired to do so.
A further object of the invention is the pro
ing an outer eyeterminal ."II to which is at
vision of a device of this character, wherein the‘ 20 tached a guy wire, cable or the like, not shown.
securing blades or wings are linked in a manner
that they can be uncoupled with ease and dis
This shank ID has centrally threaded therein, an
adjusting stern l2, which functions as a bolt and
patch for the easy removalv of the device, the
protrudes through the inner end of such shank
latter being of novel construction, and unique
for play through a clearance l3 therefor created
in the arrangement of its’ parts.
I 25 in a separable pintle hinge l4 swingingly coupling
A still further object of the invention is the
together a pair of anchoring blades or wings [5,
provision of a device of this character, which is
which are outwardly tapered and have curved tips
simple in construction, thoroughly reliable and
I6 for biting engagement in the earth on the
e?icient in operation, strong, durable, readily and
spreading of the said wings or blades when coun
easily applied and removed, assuring a ?rm
tersunk in such earth, as best seen in Figure 4.
anchorage, with maximum holding power, and
of the drawings.
inexpensive to manufacture and install.
The wings or blades l5 have pivoted thereto
With these and other objects in view, the in
spreader links ll, which have pivoted thereon
vention consists in the features of construction,
separably inter?tted coupling nuts I8, one being
combination and arrangement of parts as will be
formed with a bifurcation I9, and the otherv
hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in
formed with a threaded hole 20, respectively.
the accompanying drawings, which show the pre
The bifurcated nut l8 tops the threaded hole nut,
ferred embodiment of the invention, and pointed
and into the hole 20 of the latter nut is detach
out in the claims hereunto appended.
engaged the end 2! of the stem l2, which
In the accompanying drawings:
40 end 2| has an annular abutment shoulder 22 for
Figure 1 is a side elevation of a device con
contacting the nut having the bifurcation l9, so
structed in accordance with the invention show
that both nuts will be separably coupled together _
ing it being moved to an applied position.
by this end 2|, as best seen in Figure 3 of the
Figure 2 is a fragmentary side view looking to
ward the outer face of one of its blades or wings. 45
The shank ID at its inner end is formed with
Figure 3- is a sectional view taken on the line
an externally enlarged head 23 which when con;
3—-3 of Figure 1 looking in'the direction of the
tacting the hinge l4 locks the wings or bladesv l5
in an outwardly spread condition and in anchor
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing
ing position, as best-seen in Figure 4 of the draw
the device in anchored position.
” ings, this being effected by turning the shank III
Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing
on the stemlZ in one direction, then by reverse
the device adjusted for the unanchoring thereof.
turning of such shank the blades or wings I 5
Figure 6 is a sectional view taken on the line
can be released from locked condition, which is
6-—6 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the
best seen in Figure 1 of the drawings.
The stem I2 is provided with a longitudinally
' 2,404,151
extending mutilated thread ‘area’ forming an
over-running ‘clutch surface 24 in cooperation
with a ratchet acting clutch ball 25 ‘freely coun
ter~seated at 25 in the head 23, and held'remov
able by a plug 2'! threaded therein. Thus, the‘ 5
shank ID will turn on the stem l2 in one direc
’ tion through the threaded connection therewith,
‘ detachably coupled to the stem.
2.7 A device of the" kind described, comprising ‘
a shank means'on the upper end of said shank
for engaging a guy wire or the like, a stem thread
ed in said shank through one end thereof, spread
but will be'held locked against turning in a re
ing wings loosely hinged to each other and slid-'
able on' the stem, linkage‘ pivoted tothe wings
~ verse direction, andin this manner, the stem l2’
can be detachably engaged and ‘released from-the,
in saidshank through one end thereof, spreading
wings loosely hinged to each other and slidable
on the stem, and linkage pivoted to the wings and
nuts I8, as best seen in Figure 5 of the drawings.
and detachably coupled to’ the stem" and means
W'henthe nuts l8 are uncoupled, as shown inv
Figure 50f the drawings, the device can be with- '
ing the wings in spread relation to each other.
on the shank for engaging the wings and lock
3. A device of the kind described, comprising a
shank, means on the upper end of said shank
for engaging a’ guy wire or the like, a stem
drawn from the bore A in the earth for the
' ing of the anchorage therewith.
The'hinge It cannot be separatedwhen the-'
fstemi I2 is engaged in the,’ clearance l3, and to;
effect the separation of the wings 01' blades Hi,‘
threaded in said shank through one end thereof,
this stem mustr'be detached from the shank I051 > -
spreading wings loosely hinged to each other and
slidable on the'stem, linkage pivoted to the Wings
On the form shown in Figure 10, my hinge is 20 and detachably coupled to the stem,v means on
the shankior engaging the‘ wings and locking
the ‘wings in spread relation to each other and
(28) on the butts of thewihgs (l5), one of which
meansco-acting with the shank and stemto '7 ‘
lug, is off-set inwardly from the side edge of the
clutch these I together for preventing turning
while the ‘other lug is ?ush with the ‘side
edge of the wing. The oiT-set'lug of e'achrwing 25 mov'ement with?relation to each other in one ldi;
carries the hinge .pin (29) -,'while the other lug has
I 4. 'A-device of the kind described,‘ comprising a
the pin receiving opening (30) . By this arrange
shank, means ‘on the upper end of said shank
ment when. the wings are hinged ‘together a
for engaging a vguy wire or the like, a stem
space provides a clearance for‘the stem (172)..
threaded on said shank ‘at one end thereof, wings *
To ‘anchor the device B, the parts thereof are
shownwith two spaced interengaging hinge lugs
arr-ah‘gedias is clearly disclosed inF’igure l of
thei-‘drawiingsgahd when anchored, the device will
set as shown in Figure 4, then for removal of
s'ueh'device, the parts-thereof willhave been ad
"jusv " as
in Figure 5 of the said drawings.
a’ The device B affords altight safe anchorage,
'a-ndZis easily applied and removed.
uWh'atis claimedwiszr
' ' :L'iA device of the kind described, ‘comprising a
shank'mean-s on vthe upper "end ‘of said shank for
‘engagin'ga guy wire or the like, a stem threaded
formed each with spaced hinge lugs on its butts
one of which isoi'f-set inwardly from the side
edge of the wing and carries a hinge pin, and the
other lug having a pin éreceiiving ‘opening so that h
35 when the wings'are hinged together a clearance
to receive the stem‘ is provided therethrou-gh,
> means coupled with thestem and engaging the
wings to spread-the ‘same, and means ‘for lock-'
ing'the wings in ‘spread relationship. ,
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