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Патент USA US2404178

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H. |_. JOHNSON
I 2,404,178
ADJUS‘TABLE 'BLIND AWNING
Filed June 2l, 1944
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INVENTOR.
Haro ¿d l. 'rfb/¿neon
July 16, 1946.
'
- H. L. JOHNSON
'
ADJUSTABLEBLIND AwNING
2,404,178
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Filed June 21, v1944
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INVENTOR.
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2,404,178
Patented July 16, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENTk orticav
Harold L. Johnson, Chicago, Ill.
Application June 21, 1944, Serial No. 541,392 `
l
16 Claims. (Cl. 2li-57.5)
,
This invention relates to an adjustable Venetian
blind typeof awning devised for outside use ad-l
jacent Windows, porch openings, or similar loca
tions. The awning embodies the use of a plural
ity of slats all pivotally supported in predeter
mined sequence, arranged to pivot upon ' their
\ long axes, and the slats are connected for simul
taneous angular adjustment producing a varia
tion in the respective spaces between adjacent
slats and also angular variations with respect to
their supporting frame.
It is, therefore, one of the mainrobjects of the
present invention to provide an adjustable awn
ing having a plurality of slats disposed in prede
termined relation with respect to each other and
individually pivotally mounted upon parallel axes.
Such an awning permits the passage of air for
ventilation through the respective spaces between
the slats and provides adjustable means con
nected with the slats to permit regulation thereof
as to the entry of light into a window or space
over which ’the awning is supported for the pur
pose of controlling light entry into a room under
changing light conditions to suit the individual
taste of the user.
'
With a conventional type of canvas awning
thereis no provision whatever for the purpose of
2
cent windows the convenience and accessibility of
doing- such a thing has always presented a prob
lem particularly when such blinds or awnings
y were being attached to upper story windows.
Therefore, as to the ease of handling and attach
ment from the outside of a building of'a conven
tional type of awning the safety factor considera.
tion has always been objectionable to the ordi
nary home owner.
l
The present type of awning has been so con
structed that the supports and theV entire frame
work thereof for carrying the individual slats is
completely disassembled and may be secured to
the exterior of a window frame from the interior
of such window. This, therefore, presentsa not
able advantage in an awning of this type, not only
as to handling at the home or point of applica
tion, but also making possible‘the _shipment- of a
complete awning of rthis nature in a very small
package wherein all of the individual parts may
be crated orrpacked for shipment. By the same
token, the home owner or user of such an awn-`
ing can easily disassemble such an awning in the
fall of thev year and store it in a very small space
over the winter. ‘ Theruser can retain the carton
or crate in which the awning was shipped and>
may store the awning parts in such carton when
ventilation aside from the regular iiow of air
disassembled necessitating only a relatively small
which is not entirely blocked by the awning. Nor
storage space' for this purpose.
does the regular type of awning have 'any particu- 30 'The slats of the present awning are preferably
lar feasible means for adjusting the same to 'meet ' disposed in overlapping relationship._ The object
varying light conditions. When a conventional
for this arrangement has been to produce better
type of awning is down and the day is cloudy with
reflecting surfaces between adjacent slats and
bright sunshine at intervals, such awning will
also for the purpose'of having the slats deilect
either make the room 'too dark at the cloudy in- 35 rain under normal conditions. If the severity oí
tervals or if the same is raised it in ineiîective in
the rainstorm is not too great the rain too rheavily
shielding the room against becoming too bright
windborne it is possible to maintain the upper
during the sunshine intervals. The awning of
window sash opened for ventilation while the slats
this invention can be easily and conveniently reg
of the awning are in their down position dispos
ulated to meet such varying light conditions as 40 ing such `slats in a manner for the rain to merely
will be self-evident from the description and dis',
cascade therefrom, from one to the other ofthe
closure to follow.
,
slats and finally oiî of the end of the awning pro
’ 'A further feature of the present awning resides
tecting the window opening from rain entry. This
in the structural provision that when the blind
presents a desirable advantage in the present
slats are substantially in full closed position small ,
awning as the latter permits a certain amount of
spaces remain between the respective slats
ventilation on rainy dayswhen the humidity is
through which a person is capable of viewing the
extremely high and circulation of air within a.
outside as contrasted with a solid canvas awning
home is necessary and welcome.
>
that entirely shuts oiî such a view. Furthermore,
There are other features and yadvantages in- Y
when the relatively thin slats are regulated to be 5° herent in the present construction of awning
disposed approximately in horizontal planes they
which together tend to make the device a de
present a substantially free view with little in
sirable and marketableunit. TheA general con
terference to the sight of a person or persons with
in the room protected by such a blind.
structionl thereof Yis comparatively simple and
may be produced at low cost.
The slats can
ÁIn attaching exterior blinds or awnings adja- y“ easily be disassembled for cleaning. and painting
$2,404,178
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3
Y
.4"
' otherwise Isecured to the flat face ends I6 of the
purposes as well as the entire awning. The sup
arms. A pair'of braces I'I and I8 have drilled Y
porting members may also be readily taken down
ends
for fitting over and being slidably connected
for cleaning or painting. Furthermore, the awn- I
with therrod I4.
`
ing may be painted tosuit the general trim of a
The framework of the awning is secured to a
building or in contrast therewith depending upon I C1
Window sash by securing hooks 20 to the sash as
the desired color scheme. In this connection it
illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3 and by hooking rod
may be stated that this awning can be constructed
I3 over the same for the purpose of supporting
of practically any suitable material that is feasible
the framework. -The braces VI‘I` and I8 are also
for this particular'use >although `the_~_same_y has
vertically-drilled as at 2l Vfor hooking upon L
been preferably constructed of comparatively in-`
expensive wood.
It is a further advantage to
hooks 22 illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3.
.
It is to be noted that the upper ends ofthe
able to manu- ,i Y
arms are shaped in a specific manner to permit
facture the separate pieces that go into the pro- I
the installation of the framework and also to
duction of awnings of this type 'with'compara“-`
maintain the same against dislodgement after the
_same has been installed. This is accomplished
tively few stock sizes to take care of Vvagreat _many Y
widths of windows. There is no objection in hav
ing
dow,the
in awning
fact, such
extend
overlapping
to either‘side
Íof theY
`ofthe-winà
window;V`~ ¿
frame is desirable in producing an awning which
is more capableof intercepting angular klight as
by providing predetermined clearance between
hooks y2l) and the upper edge 23 of the top of the
‘window sash as indicated in Fig. 3, the arms being
constructed with a ñat end surface 24 located
acertain distance -from the openings in the arms y ,
well asU providing'rain'protection as' before~ re"=_V
for receiving the V`1._1p)_oer‘rod_ AI3 and by. providing
a relatively sharp corner îâ‘at the outer edgeof
_ All_etnerebiectsland advantages >relating to
the adjustablefblînd’type of `'awning herein dis
the arm;
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The" awning is installedby placing 'therthree
closed and described> shallhereinafter ‘ appear in
arms Ii), YIl and I2V upon the'rods I3 and ifi to'
gether with braces I'Iand I8 'on rod _I4 -and guide
ing this unit" through the upper" lowered sash
tion as ldisclosed inthe accompanying drawings'.
opening of'ar window to‘support'the same inverti
cal position upon'thev hooks 2i); The awning rod
30
Fig.` 4‘1 . is a front elevational view 'of ' the f'adj ust
the '_follo'w'ing detaileddèscription specifically>
directed toa preferred form‘of awning construc-`
I3 is passed over the top'outer end of thehooks
îû‘whilethe arms' I0; `I I_'andÍ I2 are maintained
substantially in vertical‘position.' This’ permits
able blind 'type' efv awning illustrating a preferred
constructiontherenfappliedfto an ordinary Awinl
doW;
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clearance between' the outer end 26 of
, Figi _` _Y ed' ed“ "-eievatíenerview ef 'uie'ew'nins 35 sufficient
the hook Zil'and the surface of the upper wall 23
illustrateurs
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`of the‘window sash'to allow‘the rod I3 to clear
the end of‘the hook' 2S. Then by swinging the ~
arms outwardly. and placing the apertured'ends
ofthe braces lI‘Ifandl i3 over theL-l'looks 22, the
Vhigh pointsZE ofthe arms It,l II and I2'are
brought intoZ verticaljalignment abovethe rod I3.
Since‘the distance >_from the top of the'point 25 to
the rod I3 is greater' .than the distance from rod
'I3 to the flat‘e'nd 24'it 'is impossible 'for the lawlfl->
'
Fig. 3 isa' transverse crossseötional’view of a
¿fragmentary portion of the 'awning'. substantially
as' viewedalongtheÍline 3_3 in Fig. l’;
,_ Fig.
_a _broken perspective View of the' aWn- _
_ing structure showing the framework thereof in ‘
assembledï‘relation;"with only one adjustable sl'at
lillustrated in its normal relation to the supporting
framework;
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` ig. 5 is a'pe'rspe'ctive' view offene Slat as seen
ing tobecome dislodged under wind actionV or
through, other'accidental lifting' inasmuch as rod
I3 cannot now clear the' ends 25 of the' hooks 2li.V
Thus, the’ awning isl locked 'in place with the
window connections provided therefor. '
. Fig. '_Z is an_'enlarged' cross sectional view f simple
" With the braces‘l'l and I3 located kwithin the
50
throughfone of the slat sections as .viewed sub-_
>confines of the outer' arms Ill and I2 as' illus
stantially along lthe lineY '1_-‘I in Fig. '4j "
_ '
trated in_Fig. 4, itis possible tohave the par'
Fig. 8 is afsectional view/"through a carton
ticular size of awning'illustratedv ñt a'number
_showing a disassembled' awning with all'ofthè
Yof window'sizes less‘th‘an the distance between
parts thereof disposed within‘saidlcarton and
the outer arms by cutting the' rods to suit. How
cratedfor shipping purposes; and' '
’
‘ _ I 55
ever, should the window frame size be greater
_ Fig. 9 isa fragmentary >vi'vifOf the'operatìng
it is possible’to provide longer rods I3 andvr Ill
member for shifting the angularities of`theref
Fig. 6 is a rear edge Viewof oneof the slat's'to _
y'show certain details of -construction;` '
` or rod Iii only if desired; which will extend out-~
spective slats simultaneously while the awning is
supported and inuse. '_
'
y ' `
Wardly from 'the side’arms'lü and I2 as indicated
in dotted 'lines in’Fig.' 4, in Which-case the' arms
Il and I8 maybe placed' outwardly .from the two
_' "f
y The construction of the awning may'best b‘e
understood'by'r'eferring to Fig. V4'."`The'.support.'
outer arms I6) and I2 permitting the use‘of the Y
ing framework comprises twoor more 4'arms such
_as 19,' II Yand 'I2A provided with vsuitably 'drilled
'holes'at their ends for the re’ception'of 'connecting .if
'rodsllä andY I'lIÍLÍ _Such'rods maybe madev ofthe
commonsteel _type ofQ/ curtain l'rods used'in the
interior of the home
may be cut to length
vt_o¿¿ suit _the particular installation. A` decorative
'_'jsuch `as ~I5 of a lengthrsubstantially' equal
65
same size awning in connection with window
widths of greater size ’than could‘ bei accommo
dated'with the braces between the arms liland>
I2. ' 'This' of> course must take place 'within prac'
tical
limitations;>
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It has'been found from practice thatQro'ds I3
land I‘4 need no-tV be’ secured to> t‘loearms Il),v` I Il
I2 yand preferably the holesbored into these
ltójtnefiengtn efftne siate Vte be supported upon 70 and
arms mayfbe'of a tight ñt‘to Vhold 'the rods in
the vfr_an'lework is used for spacing the armslü,
place relative to the arms.` Furthermore, theïup;
¿I I 'and _I2 fin a predetermined spaced ‘relation with
per rod I3 is normally confined/within the lat
'the two Aouter'ar‘ms Iûfa'nd I2' held in proper
>spaced'.'lzíositidns 'to'fit asas'h openingin abríck
erally Spa'ced‘ sides of, the:> window’openingvas
Wall bi" the like." The ap'i‘òn ll5A is screwed O1' 75 illustrated irr‘Fig.v 2 ' and 'therefore cannot“ move
2,404,178
laterally with respect to the supportingqarms if
said rod is made to fit such opening. The outer
rod or. lower rod I4 is further held in place by
thertwo braces'I'I and I8 which are also fric
tionally carried upon the same and it is highly
improbable that this rod will move laterallywith
respect to the framework. Such‘ rods, however,
maybe secured by suitable- means if desired, de
pending upon thefmaterials used and the require- `
ments of `the installation.
.
moving the'two braces I‘I and I8 outwardly, to
swing the. awning structure upon the upper'rod
I3' as a pivotal means and then dropping the.
aperture'd ends of the> braces` I'I and I8 over the
L-slhaped hooks 22 the awning is in position and
ready for use as shown iny Figs. 1 and 2. '
.
A suitable pull cord 40 is attached to any one
of the pivotal parts 35 of the ‘legs 34 of the slats
30 ‘andpreferably to the uppermost of the legs
10 as in. Figs. 2 and 3 as a convenient operating
>
A plurality of Vslats 30 are supported upon the
arms I0, II and I2, to complete the awning as
sembly and to 'provide the adjustable means
whereby the user can shut y,out or permit the
means which may be brought ydownwardly to a
cord hook 4I, see Fig. 2, placed at an accessiblev
point for the use of an operator. By pulling A
cord 40, the actuating link 3'I is moved relatively
entry ofl exterior lighi-l to' suit the individual taste. 15 to the stationary frame arms III, II and I2, the
These slats 30 may be constructed of any suitable
material. ‘I‘he preferred formvutilizes ordinary
drop siding which has been found very satisfac
tory as well as being of low cost in the fabrica
tion of such awnings;
'
Each of the slats'30 is provided with 'a plu
rality of slots 3| equal in number to the number
of arms used in the framework, and cross wires
' link transmitting such motion to the other piv
otal partsV 35 of the arms 34 of each ofthe slats
30 whereby each slat is pivotally actuated .to
cause all of the slats to move in synchronism
20 upon their pivotal supporting wires 32 with re
spect to the'stationary arms I0, II and I2. The
slats can be moved through a, relatively wide
angular range and in Fig. 3 slats 30 have been
shown in full lines in one of the angularly ad
32 are suitably secured to the slats to span each
of the slots 3I in a predetermined position. rI‘he 25 jus/ted positions and in‘dotted lines in a rela
arms I0, II and I2 have been notched as at 33
tively wide. open position. Cord 40 also acts to
for the reception of the wires 32 for each of the
hold the actuator 38 inplace upon the respective
individual slats. The wires 32 of each slat are
pivotal parts 35 as »best shown in Fig. 6.
aligned and parallel to thelongitudinal dimen
Obviously, various light reflections may be ob
sion of the slats while each of the notches 33 30 tained directly from the'slats per Se by providing
in the arms are also positioned in definite spaced
an adjustment whereby direct light may be ad
relation with respect to each adjacent .notch as
mitted at certain angular positions to be reilected
well as being in predetermined aligned krelation
by the slats individually. . >'I'he slats can also be
with respect to the length of the awning whereby
adjusted to admit light directly between the slats. f
all ci the respective slatsv are pivotally supported 35 In thisccnnection‘it may be said that the slats
as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2. Likewise, as illus
could also be made of a transparent nature de
trated in Fig. 2 it is to be noted'that the spacing
pending solely upon the light reflecting proper-of »the slots 33 .is such that the slats are all >>over
lapping as shown in Fig. 2` vto produce the rain
shielding relationship and a` better light shielding
arrangement.
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The framework when connected with the sus-r
pending hooks 20 and while still hanging in ver
tical position 'against the window provides a rack
uponl which -the individual slats may be con
nected from the interior of the Window by the
person installing `the same. Each slat `is indi
vidually handled and pushed through the win
dow,vmoved into horizontal alignment with one
of the aligned sets ofnotches 33 and dropped into
place with the pivotal wires 32 nesting within
such notches 33 of the arms.
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As illustrated in Figs. -3 and 5, oneof the wires
ties thereof orelse they may be made with onev
surface dull and the other surface shiny» or in`
anycombination thereof to produce certain'light
reilecting-qualities that may be used to enhance .
an awning of this type to increase the utility
thereofv under a wide range of conditions and per- Y
sonal requirements.
,_
I
Referring back to Figs. 4 and 7, it is to be noted
that each slat is prevented from endwiseshifting
by means of the slots 3| which straddle the sides '
of the arms I0, II and I2. 'Also-, as shown in Fig.
7, the bottoms 42 of the Slots 3I canbe variedas .
to angularity and shape to produce certain del-l»
nite positions at which the respective slats may be
maintained indeñnite angular relations with re~
spect to the supporting arms I0, II and I2. Fig.7
32 isextended to form a leg‘ or depending arm 34
shows the bottom or inner surfaces 42 of the slots
and is conveniently bent back upon itself to pro 55 3 I- as made to rest upon the upper faces 43 of each
vide a pivotal portion 35 coincident with an axis
yof the arms‘IO to I2. Furthermore, the angu
parallel to the axes of the wires 32, and the end
larity of the notches 33 are preferably made to
of this wire is bent as at 36 toform a retaining
incline either to one direction or the other of a
hook. All of these legs or arms 34 Yextend down
vertical plane to` subject the wire mountings 32
wardly and are adapted to be connected'by an 60 of each of the slats 30 to frictional resistance in
actuating` link or rod 31 _having a plurality'of
the eventV that wind will tend to lift the slatsl off
loops 33 located at spaced intervals equidistant
of the arms. Ordinarily it is the connector or
actuating, link 31 which together with the cord
and coincident with the plurality of` depending
arms34 connected with the yrespective slats 30.
40 maintains all of the slats in their nested pivotal
Whenall of the slats have been suspended in
relations with respect to thesupporting arms I0,
their locationsnpon the framework‘of the awn-v ‘ I I anclIZ. Furthermore, the slats are all_rela-`
ing, the actuator loops 38 are dropped over the
tively flexible and can stand considerable abuse,
practice having proven that the same maybe
ends-of the hooks 3E and rotated 90 degrees to
position the actuator link with the loops 38 there
subjectedV to considerable shock from objects _
of in acommon vertical plane as best seen in
thrown or. -dropped upon the top of the s_lot awn- ,
Figs. 3 and 6, This substantially completes the
assembly of the awning which has all been ac
ling surface, the slats merely bending or closing
together 'at the point of contact of such object
complished with the awning frame hanging ver_- ' ' and straightening out again after being subjected ,
tically outside of the windowk andl within easy`
reaçhfrqm .theinterìonof the room»Y . By finally
to such; shock.
Attentionis also directed to the' fact that
aimants.;
71
,
ouslyf explainedlthez larger;` sizes. of windows.; can».
l overhanging weightor centerrofîmass' offeach-of..
be» covered. liïurthennoreî,- ther same.. awning. can
also :be yusedîin íconnection with a number. of ¿win
dows: off smaller, sizev .than that shown. inV Fig. 5 1.~
'l the .'individual'.I slats, is> located outwardlyd from;
` their pivotall'axesrandztoward the freeçouter ends '.
of -' each of; the slats.
This holds» true» when.` thev
- :Thisi description». has .been directed.> to apre.-r
` slatsY are» in fraisediposition:asshownïin‘dottedi
Aferredá'embodimentî ofi a Venetian- blindgtype. of
lines in Fig.. âgïand. such.- overhangingr weight of
awningsa's showmin-.thedisclosures It is under
stood. that; certain:- changes: and; variations » may-
'
l each ofitheindividual slats taken.collectivelyfacts v
toi. always rotate-:5 the .entire groupiintottheir: low.
‘
be »made -rin ‘the’ presentyawningf ‘construction
which may involve the introduction ofîequivalentv
mechanisms; for: carrying, out. they principles >of 1
operation. and; purposes;- of~„the awning as d.ex-~.
eredlpositions .approximately as- indicated.' inzEig.. . `
l 2 so- thatïit isunnecessary'to provide
springs
l or other; returnY means 1 for’ moving.l theßslatsA into'.
j
theirzrinitial.close‘dïorzdownwardlyfoverlappingzree l -
`
lationshipishown; » Therefore,l theï cord Mlìfis` for i
signed.. Therefore, the invention; is not to be" '
limitedtothe exact disclosure, design, construc
tion;.or 'theicombination vof.parts herein presentedv
excepting'insoiar-‘as- thesameïshall be limited by'
the: breadthA and’scope- of¿ thev appended claims.
. moving the slats through v.the ’actuating links .
Q intoV certain.; angular. raised. positions.»..andïby‘ty‘- ~
ingthe`< cord in thev particular position desired; i
such.. slatsarelneld` asy regulated until the; cord;
is; again.. released whereupon the; slatstrag'aim
automatically resumeitheirt normal.~ closed` rela;
tion.
I .claimt
A
supporting framework adaptedí for4 connection.
»
with». a..building.; . slats . extending; across said', open
stated. beforev and; as illustrated: in Figs. 1
framework. cooperative means: carriedy by saidr
and . 2 iti is." preferable to 1 have fthe'. surface . 42 ’ of
the notches `3| located' as to provide> a certain
frameworkgandteach. of said slats. respectively-to
amount of light spaceîbetween the respective* slats
while;in. down:position.. However, ythis’space .may
work comprising. notchesin said frameworkand '
pivotallyfmountî the VAlatter uponsaid open frame
also'be'obtained atI any time' through regulation
wires; connected: with; said slats and disposed to.
inzthe»l event thatv the; slats .are made.: to substan
rockwithin‘: said'> notches-pand'. actuating.. means -.
connected. with .said-y slats'tto` movethesamerelaî
tive: to; th'e.. framework .to;.adjust;.the; angular. rela:
tially close or lie tightly one .uponthe other which
construction is obtainable by providing a differ
entgor deeper slotïsurface. 42 asfreadilyconceiv
able.
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tionship ofqsaidl sla-ts . withrespectj to, said frame
work;
2.1m an awning, theçcombinationzof. aV set of .
'
Another variation-.maybe had in the locationv
supporting 4: frame ; members; a: set'. of. slat mem-
of theactuating;` 1ink3l or. any-actuating mem- .I
ber which may beused as. equivalent mechanism `
bers. extending' across. said; vframe - members, co.
for rocking the slatsupon their rpivotalsupports- .
operative: means. carried >by said frame.. members;
and'v the.v slat members` respectively tofpivotally.:
Such a memberr lmayf‘be locatedadjacent any* one i
mount-the. latterjuponsaid frame; members com
prisingi notches a. positioned along. ._likeî edges. ’of
ofthearms IB, ll and; I2. ` Inthe three: armrv con
structiony in Fig. 4, it is; preferable‘to locate the`
p
f
1;. InK an' awnings-,the combination of any open.;
actuator 3.1 and thev arms 34fat thepcenter of :the`
said framamembers.andpivotal means connected
awning toobtainv best mechanicalresults.. How-‘
with thesefslat membersv andi positioned toprock
` 4()
within said notches, and actuatingy mechanism
ever,v in awningswhereinj only two arms such asl
f I@ lor Il are used, itis îpossible toi locate the ac'
connected'with' one, of the: sets of' members for .
changing the-:angular` relationship of: the.- slat‘
tuator adjacent the inner face:` ofpeither:~ one.l
This is merely a matter of appearanceiralthough
thev actuatorA may be located outwardly withv re-'
specti to> either'one' ofi thesev arms‘as- well.`A Itis
*alsoI conceivable to yuse moreLthan‘ oneactuating..
linkin awnings'of- greater width or of. heavier'
members; relative to: saidi frame; members...l i
3.. Iny anV awning‘,_the= combinationr 'ofv an' open
supporting framework having. a plurality Yof
aligned*I notches. in. certain members". thereof; 'a
plurality vof'‘slatsgextending substantially parallel'v
materials «which willi. produce bettermechanical`> l across 5 the face of ‘s_aidi open . framework; aligned?.
50 ~pivotal' means, carried vby 'said' slats:v and operable
design.;
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1nV the: bottoms’ ofî said aligned notchesl in said
Referring now to Fig; 8; a simple` carton' s_u'ch
as 45 mayfbe used for crating or vpacking the dis
framework for pivotally connecting saidy slats'
assembled ` awning . parts;v the carton. being: of a ,
with said: framework tofrock aboutzaxes parallel . ` '
to the `lengthsio'f-the slats, said- framework notchesA
length -to accommodate the apronlâ, and the re-v
spective slats 3i). which determine the overall 55 being so spacedïas toîcausefadjacent slats to over
lap: when, disposed in:A certain angular: positions
length „ thereof.l‘ Furthermore, the> tapered ‘slats
with respect to saidîsupporting` framework, and
can allbe nested' substantially asshownÄ-inflï‘ig.; 8`
with the wire- arms Ialternately nested at the op
posite. sides; of the cartonA as illustrated. The
actuating’mechanism connected With-'saidsl'ats to>
rockA thetsameíupon‘their. individual axes to there
other pieces including the arms,v the bracesßandl 60 bychangey th'e` angular relationship of saidv slats with'respect to’said open supporting framework.
the rods lcan be neatly nested as shown or-in any`
Li».> Inîaniawnin'gythe lcombination of a plurality
other desired manner, the spaces' of suchcarton
of«v slats;-` af. supporting: frame fory said'- slats, said
frame comprising perallel rods, two or more arms -`
considerable size when the same iis assembledand 65 slidaloly;~ carried- upon" said - rods, and connectingA
means detachably.r fastened to-said arms- to holdU
in use. This same carton may be vused in storing '
the .same inïpredetermined lateral spaced relation
the awning inthe winter if’ thatv is desireol'by`
upon"> saidEV rods; said'ï' arms beingY notched> along
the user.r
their lengths with the notches of each' arm aligned
vAs- shown in Fig'. 1, the particular awning' 1at-»V
withfthe notches of the’- adjacen't armor arms,
erallyV overlaps the windowv sash edges consider-`
ably which is an »asset` by providing additional Si and alignedlpivotal members carried' by each ofV
being filled with packing material' producing :av
very convenient way to ship »an «awningthat is ofy
protection. However, this excesswidthiof awning-
. said slats for engagement-witl’lin aligned notches
is >of use for additional width. of windows;î By .
invsaidßarms tp'rockably'support said slats rela
' providing longer rods such as I4 and'fpla'cing-‘jtl1efv
tively to’saiö. arms.'
braces l1 and;7 I8~ outwardly of the armsas-pr‘evi-l r
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>15; In“ ari-awning@ tiré èombinatiòn-of avpmmtty
«2,404,178
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of slats, a supporting frame for 'fsaidslaïts said
frame comprising parallel rods, twoy ormore‘arms
cent said one rod each being _spaced from said
' rod and providing clearance for hooking said one
slidably carried upon said‘arms'and‘connec‘ting .
rod over the hook members when said varms are
means detachably fastened to said arms to hold
the same in predetermined lateral spaced relation
upon said rods,> saidv arms. being `notched along
wall,and certain corresponding corners of each
fof theA ends of said arms adjacentsaid one rod
their lengths with the notches of each arm> aligned
"providing abutment means to prevent vunhooking
disposed substantiallyparallel to Athe Abuilding
with the notch'es ofthe adjacent armorarms, and
.of said one rod fromy the hook'members when said
aligned pivotal ' members l carried lby each `of; said
«arms‘are positioned anguiarly v,with respect tothe
slats for engagement'within aligned‘notchesl in
4building Wall.
said arms to 'rockably support-said'slats-"rela
tively to said arms, said slats each havin'glarm
members connected therewith;rv andxia'ctuating
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1
v10. A supporting frame for
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an fawn-ing Vadapted Y
v"gto behung rrom'hook members secured ajprede
termined distance below the. `upper fedgey-_ofj-Za
mechanism connected withsaid arm members for
, building wall aperture, comprising an' open frame
adjustably changing th'e vangular relations »of all , 15 having a plurality ofvarms, vrods connecting said
of said slats with respect to said frame. ' 2'; è
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i arms;A one of said rods being disposed alongi the
6. 'An awning comprising a. plurality ,of„slat
: ends' of saidr arms> and adapted-toßbe hooked ¿over
each slat having aligned pivotal. membersA con
nected therewith, a` frame for supporting said
slats including two or more arms, said arms hav
ing aligned notches therein for the reception of
the aligned pivotal members of said slats,'said
notches of each' arm being substantially parallel
and disposed in a predetermined angular relation
with respect to the surface of said .arms to fric
tionally counteract displacement of _the pivotal
the hookA members to hang the supporting frame
therefrom; the end surfacesofcsaid arms adjacent
20 said one rod each having one portion spaced from ~
the rod to provide clearance for hooking said one
rod over the hook members when said arms are
disposed substantially parallel to the building
wall, and said arm ends having certain corners
adjacent said one rod providing abutment means
to prevent unhooking of said one rod from the
hook members when said arms are positioned
members of the slats from within said notches,
and actuating mechanism connected with each of
angularly withY respect to the building wall, and
said slats to rock the same simultaneously upon
brace members connected with said open frame
their respective pivotal members within said 30 and detachably connected with the building wall
notches.
to maintain said framexarms in the aforesaid
'7. An awning comprising a plurality of slats,
angular position to hold said open frame in locked
each slat having aligned pivotalmembers at
position upon said hook members.
tached thereto, a frame for supporting said slats
11. An awning slat for connection with a sup
having arms, said arms each having alignedport, said support comprising a frame including
notches along one edge thereof for the reception
arms having notches therein, said slats compris
of said slat pivotal members therein, said notches
ing a generally fiat member having slots along
in each slat being substantially parallel and dis
one edge thereof to straddie the edges of said
posed at a predetermined angle with respect to
arms, cross‘wires bridging said slots and adapted
the adjacent edge of said arms to frictionally 40 4for nested engagement Within said arm notches,
oppose displacement of said pivotal members
and lever means connected with said flat mem
from within said notches, said slats each having
bers and adapted to rock the same upon the axes
legs extending therefrom, and actuating mech
of the cross wires Within said notches to change
anism'extending across said slats- and connected
the angular relation of said flat member with re
with each of said slat legs to rock the slats upon
their respective pivotal members, said mech
anism including means to collectively retain said
slats in operative pivotal vrelation Within said
spect to the frame arms, the side faces of said
slots coacting with the external faces of said
arms respectively to oppose endwise displacement
of the associated slat member as the latter is
arm notches.
rocked.
l
8. A supporting frame for an awning adapted
12. An awning comprising a frame having sup
to be hung from hook members secured a prede
porting arms, a plurality of overlapping slats
termined distance below the upper edge of a build
pivotally connected with said arms, operative
ing Wall aperture, comprising an open frame hav
means connected with said slats and adapted for
ing a plurality of arms, a rod extending between
adjusting the angular relationship of the slats
said arms and adapted for engaging said hook 55 with respect to` said arms, retaining means for
members, the ends of said arms adjacent said rod
holding said slats as adjusted, and abutment
having two contiguous surfaces disposed at differ
means on said slats for direct engagement with
ent normal distances from the axis of said rod,
said supporting arms to normally maintain the
one of said surfaces providing clearance to permit
slats apart but in overlapping inoperative position
hooking the rod upon said hook members when 60 upon release of said operative means.
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the frame arms are disposed in one position with
13. _In an awning, a frame, a plurality of slats
respect to the building wall, the other of said
supported upon said frame and disposed in paral
surfaces providing abutment means to counter
lel overlapping relation with respect to each other
act unhooking of said rod from said hook mem
when occupying a position substantially adjacent
bers when said arms are disposed in another po
sition relative to said building wall.
9. A supporting frame for an awning adapted
to be hung from hook members secured a pre
determined distance below the upper edge of a
65 the general plane of therframe, said slats each
being pivotally connected with said frame on
axes offset with respect to the center of mass of
said slats whereby the latter arenormally main
tained in said overlapping closed position upon
building Wall aperture, comprising an open frame 70 said frame, abutment means carried by each slat
having a plurality of arms, rods connecting said
to directly contact said frame to independently
arms, one of said rods being disposed along the
hold the slats in predetermined spaced relation
ends of said arms and adapted to‘be hooked over
with respect to each other when closed, and opera
the hook members to hang the supporting frame
tive means connected with each of said slats to
therefrom, the end surfaces of saidarms adja 75 simultaneously move the same into any one of a
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:ipivotalimembersîconnected‘with said slats'ior en
*fplurality ' df l angulaifly ‘ adjusted“ .positions ‘with-fre -
z-'gagement'zwitlf?nîthe arm;.notehes to releasably ‘
-`land@r position '.the‘islats i upon *,«s'aidzsupporting
` ' ’c'olleotìve?'slati'portions voffsety withîire‘spect’to their
'.‘in'divi'dual pivotalA mountings'.
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-~frame fortzrockable movement irelatively tosaid
fifi.' ‘In fan ~awning, fa ï plurality :of islats;> pivotal 6
. `116.111. 4an awning, 'thef combination :of a plu-y
'members :connected 4‘With 'said lsla‘ts, ta iframe ‘to
"frame
‘.'supportïthe'slats having .atil'east two arms,~ïsaid
v-ëa'rm‘s‘ having ynotches '.therein'ifor the reception Lof
"the{pivot-„alA members 'of :said rvsl'ats, andf'said varm
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:irality:ofdndepen'denti slat 'ï units 'and .ai supporting
".'frame therefor, ¿said? 'frame l'iaving 'spaced rods,
'-p‘ositions'with `respect tothe. su?facesfof the larms
È'arms z-slidably’carr‘i'ed ‘upon'f said Arnds and ¿extend
_zi'ngithe'rebetweem said iarmsrhavingmotches along
«theirïle?gthg ?and'said slat ‘.units havin?,r 'pivotal
, -*carrying -’such `notches` “to v'frictionally vcounteract
` members fforfnesting 'within ît'he , arm; notches to
notches being disposed in predeterminedfangular
displacementiof'said pivotal members o'f‘íthe vslatsV
`>
¿from `Within Isaid'znotches.
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`?.‘115.'1înfan,awning, >.the -l combination fof .a -fplu-l
>r`ality‘of. indepenìientu?itary. slats anda support
îing iframev for :said fslats, îsaid` framev :comprising
'sré1easab1y~llpositionlthe a'sl'at »units .upon saidíframe
'ïfornîo‘ekableîmovement :.relativezthereto, .safd :Slat
>.units :eaéh -having ' means :adapted V,for 4straddling
said arms -to zpo'sition- the< latter ialong 'said Arods
`Whengîsaid'ïpivotal .membersare positioned ~within
-~the'‘anniwatches.
.-’said-'Lamls îhavingnnotohesîalongftheir lengths, tand
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HAROIDÍLJOHNSON.
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