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Патент USA US2404186

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July 16, 1946.
P, MARIAN]
'
'
2,404,186
WHEELED TOY'
Filed March 17, 1945
2 Sheets-‘Sheet 1
l mln.
\
IN VEN TOR.
’
IOE‘TFRJIAR/AIV/
BY
‘
'
1527-3511/52’
i R MARIAN]
V
'
2,404,186
WHEELED TOY
Fiied March 17, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
32 1 :
llll h
11,,
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'
INVENTOR.
fat-‘7E’? MAR/A/V/ '
BY
'
2%?
1127051127? ‘
Patented July 16, 1946
2,404,186
UNITED "STATES PATENT oFFicE
2,404,186
IWHEELED .TOY
Peter Mariani, Thomaston, Gonn.
ApplicationMarch 17, 1945, Serial No. 583,189
'10 ‘Claims. (Cl. 46-4103“)
This ‘invention relates to toys, and more par
ticularly to a wheeled toy ?gure representing 'a
seal having a balanced ball on the end of a recip~
rocating and rotating vertical stick carried in
the mouth of said seal.
One object of the "present'invention is to pro
vide a wheeled toy of the above nature in which
‘the seal ?gure comprises an upstanding block
2
reference numerals denote corresponding parts
.hroughout the several views, the numerals l0
and H indicate a pair of forward cylindrical
wheels mounted to rotate upon an axle 1'2 and
being spaced apart-by a pair of cylindrical.‘bush
ings l3, ‘M which serve to hold the body 18 of the
toy in centralized position.
The ‘axle [2 has an elliptical plate cam 15 rig
having ?at sides, mounted to roll upon the ?oor,
the mounting including a pair of wheels and an 10 idly secured thereon eccentrically, said cam hav
ing an annular beveled section l6 and a ?at ‘rim
‘axle which carries a cam ‘engaging a collar on
I1. The cam I5 is located within a recess :l‘la
the lower end of the stick, upon the upper end
formed in the lower end of the body I 8 which
of which the ball-is carried.
comprises a vertical block with flat sides, as
Another object is to provide a wheeled toy of
the abovenature, in-which the collar on the lower 15 shown. The upper portion ‘of the vbody ‘i8 hasa
section l9 representing’ the neck ‘and head of a
end of the'stick is pressed downwardly by a spring
seal, and a narrow rear depending ?ipper 20, as
to assist the action of ‘gravity in returning the
‘ most clearly shown .in Fig.2.
ball to its lowermost "positionasv the ‘stick is recip
rocated.
At the forwardend of the body block I8 is a
'
A further ‘object is to provide ;a ‘wheeled toy 20 depending section 2|, representing the forward
‘?ipper, which is split- to permit .the oval plate
of the "above nature which .is "supported at‘the
cam l5 to rotate therewithin. The body block
rear by a'swiveled “?ipper.’"w.hich will permit “the
I8 is also provided with a ‘depending central rec
figure to follow the body withithe minimum of
tangular bearing section 22 which is also split
‘friction as the latter is pulled 'across‘the ?oor.
to embrace the cam I5.
A further objectis to provide a wheeled toy of
In order to produce the e?ect that aball is
the above nature which will be simple in con
being balanced on the head of the seal-?gure,
structlon, automatic in operation, ‘inexpensive to
manufacture, easy to install and manipulate, ., provision is made within the interior of the block
I8 of a vertical bore 23, rectangular in cross "sec
‘compact, ornamental in appearance, and very
tion,
within which is a vertical stick 24, prefer
e?icient and durable in use.
30
ably round in cross section. ‘The stick 24 has a
With these ‘and other objects in view, there
ball 25 rigidly .mounted upon its upper end and
have been illustrated on the accompanying ‘draw
on its lower end has a rigid cylindrical collar '26
ings four forms in which the invention may con
adapted to engage the beveled section It of the
veniently be embodied in practice.
oval plate cam l5.
In the drawings,
'The‘bore 23 is open atone side to ‘facilitate the
vFig. '1 represents a front view,_partly in section,
insertion of the stick 24 and a pair of square
of the wheeled vtoy embodying the invention.
Fig. 2 is a side view of the same, also shown
said stick,
partly in section.
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional View, taken. along
the line 3—3 of Fig. 2 on a larger scale, looking
40
frictionally within said bore .23 by means of a
side vertical cover strip ‘29 secured ‘to said blocks,
and which is so arranged that the stick 2‘ will
downwardly in the direction of thearrows.
Rig. 4 .is an enlarged longitudinal sectional .view
of the same, taken along the line 4-4 of Fig.1.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a
modi?ed form of cam and collar mechanism for
reciprocating the ball-carrying stick.
‘Fig. 6 is a 'fragmenta-ry‘view, partly .in section,
permanently adjacent the top and ‘bottom ofysaid
bore, respectively. The blocks 21, 28 are held
i 4.5
be maintained'substantially in vertical alignment
with the axle l‘2below it.
In order to assist the action of gravity in re
turning ‘the ball and stick to the lowermost posi
of amo'di?ed form ‘of rear ?ipper andball wheel
tion shown in Fig. '1, provision is made of a coiled
end of the ?gure body.
3| is mounted for rotation ‘freely in all directions, ~
mounted therein.
50 spring '30 located ‘between the'bottom block 28
andvthe collar 26, as shown in Fig. 1.
"Fig. 7 is a fragmentary view, partly insection,
The rear ?ipper 2B of the block 18 is provided
of another modi?ed form of rear ?ipper having
with asphericalrecess within which a small ball
a vertical stud vmounted to swivel in ‘the lower
,
Referring now to the drawings in which like 55 said ‘ball being held in position by a retaining strip
32 placed in front of said ball, as shown in Fig. '2.
2,404,186
3
The wheeled toy is adaptedto be pulled around
upon the floor, or any other flat surface, by means
of a cord-33 attached to aneye 34 secured to the
top portion of the front ?ipper 2 I’.
Operation 7
‘
4 .
2. The invention- as de?ned in claim 1, in which
said cam is provided with a beveled side section,
and said stick has a cylindrical collar on its lower
end.
'
.
3. The invention as de?ned in claim 1, in which
said cam is provided with a horizontal rim, and
said stick has a beveled collar for cooperatively
When the wheeled ?gure toy is pulled across the
engaging said rim.
,
floor by means of the cord 33, the eccentric oval
- 4. The invention as-de?ned in claim 1, in which
cam 15 on’ the axle 112 will reciprocate the ball 25
the rear'leg of vsaid ?gure toy has a-‘swiveled sup
on the sticks-~24 twice-for each rotation of the 10'port mounted to swing about a, vertical axis as‘
wheels I0, I I. At the same time the frictional'en ?‘ .said toy is moved across the ?oor.
gagement of the beveled section I6 of the cam [5
. 5. The invention as de?ned in claim 1, in which
with the lower edge of the collar 26 will cause the
said body block is provided with a vertical strip
stick to rotate at varying speeds around its‘own
‘which ‘carries a pair of bearing blocks for em-,
axis and produce the illusion of a seal balancing 15 bracing the reciprocating stick, said stick, strip,
a rolling ball upon the end of the stick carried in ' and blocks being insertable laterally into said ver
its mouth.
tical bore.
In the second form of the invention'shown in
6. The invention asi‘set forth in claim 1, in
Fig. 5, instead of employing a beveled cam, as in
which spring means are provided for pressing said
Figs. 1%4, a cam 35 is used having a horizontal
collar downwardly to aidthe force of gravity in
outer rim, which‘ is adapted to engage a collar 36
returning said ball-carrying stick to its lowermost
located on the lower end of the stick 24, which
collar has a beveled lower section 31 for cooperat- ’
position during the reciprocation thereof.
7. In a wheeled toy, a vertical body block hav
ing with theedge of the cam 35 to produce the
ing a rear supportingsection, said block having a
twisting action of the reciprocating stick, as.v with 25 pair, of forward supporting wheels rigidly con
the ?rst form of the invention.
nected by a horizontal axle, a'plate cam mount
In the third form of the invention shown in Fig.
ed on said axle and located in the center portion
N76, instead of employing a rear supporting ball 3 l , ‘of said block, said block having a vertical bore,
to
rotate
in
all
directions,
pr0-,
which, is mounted a ball wheel 39 mounted to ro 30 .a stick having a ball rigidly secured to its upper
end located in said bore, the lower end of said
visionv'is made of the axis of a horizontal axle pin
stick having‘means for continuously cooperative
tate only around
' 40 mounted within the rear ?ipper 38.
ly engaging with the rim of said cam to cause said
l ' In the fourth form of theinvention, shown in
stick to reciprocate vertically and also to twist
42 has __a supporting ball 43 'capable of rotating
around any'axis, and the rear endof the block 4|
ing a'rear supporting section, said block having
a swivel stud 45 upstanding from said rear flipper
cam mounted on said axle and located in the cen
ter portion of said block, said block having a ver
tical bore, a stick having a ball rigidly secured’ to
is. Fig. '7, provision is made of a block 4| which
‘
35 around its axis at varying speeds when said toy
provided on its rear end with a swinging rear ?ip
‘is moved across the floor.
per 42 loosely‘ connected therewith. ~ The ?ipper
8. In a Wheeled toy, a vertical body block hav
a pair of .forwardsupporting wheels rigidly con
.
has a cylindrical vertical recess 44 for receiving. 40
nected ‘by a horizontal axle, an eccentric plate
42. , The stud 45 has a'reduced upper neck 46
forming a groove within whi h passes a. horizon
tal crosspin 41 for holding the rear ?ipper in op
its upper end located in‘ said‘ bore, the lower end'
erating. position. The operation of this fourth 45 of said stick having means for continuously ' co
form of the invention is similar to that of’the ?rst
operatively engaging with the rim of said cam to’
form, but in this case the rear ?ipper is capable
of swinging in the ‘direction of movement of the
, cause said vstick to reciprocate vertically. and also
‘to twist around .its axis 7 at varying’ speeds when
said toy is moved across the ?oor.
pulled across the floor.
While there have been disclosed in this speci? 50
‘ wheeled toy as it is
9. In a wheeled'toy, a vertical . body block
cation four forms in which the invention may be
‘shaped to represent a seal having a rear support
embodied, it is to be understood that these forms
ing section, said block having a pair of forward
are shown for the purpose of illustration only,
supporting wheels rigidly connected by a hori
and that the invention is not to be limited to the
zontal axle, a plate cam mounted on said axle and
but may be modi?ed and 55 located in the center portion of said block, said
, speci?c disclosures,
embodied in various other forms without depart
block having a vertical bore, a stick having a ball
ing from its spirit. In short, the invention in
rigidly secured to‘ its upper end located insaid
cludes all the modi?cations and embodiments
bore, the lower end of said stick having means for
coming within the scope of the following claims.
continuously cooperatively engaging with the. rim
, Having thus fully described the invention, what.
of said cam to cause said stick to reciprocate ver
is claimed as new, and for which it is desired to _‘ tically and also'to twist around its axis when said
secure Letters Patent, is:
i
V
f 1. In a‘ wheeled toy, a verticalbody block hav
ing a rear supporting section, said block having a
pair of forward supporting wheels rigidly con
nected by a horizontal ‘axle, a plate cam mounted
on said axle and located in the centerportion of
said block, said block having a vertical bore, a
stick having a ball rigidly secured'to its upper
toy is moved across the ?oor..
'
'
I 10. In a wheeled ?gure toy, a vertical body
block having a rear supporting section, said sec
"tion being provided with a ball roller mounted to
> rotate on a horizontal pin secured in said section,
said rear section being separately movable on said
block and connected to said block by a vertical
swivel stud having a groove at its upper end,'and
end located in said bore, the lower end‘ of saidv 70 a horizontal pin in said block- and passing
stick having means for continuously cooperatively
through, said groove to secures'aid rear section. to
' engaging with the'rim of said cam to cause said
. stick to. reciprocate vertically and also to twist,
around its axis when said toy is moved across the
v?oor.
,
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saidrblock.
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PETER MARIANI.
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