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Патент USA US2404193

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July 16, 1946.
'
' 'c. D. RYAN
‘
2,404,193
SEALING AND EJECTING APPARATUS FOR MAIL TREATING MACHINES I
Original; Filed April 29, 1940
4 Sheets-Sheet l
amen/W005
C’OYMmOLi’OI‘e 17. Ryaw
July 16,1946.
2,404,193 r
C. D. RYAN
SEALING AND EJECTING APPARATUS FOR MAIL TREATING MACHINES
Original Filed April 29, 1940‘
4 Sheets-Shéet 2
3W
Commodore ,D- Ryan
atlor'neys
July 16, 1946.
C. D. RYAN
12,404,193 '
SEALING AND EJECTING APPARATUS FOR MAIL TREATING MACHINES
Original Filed April 29, 1940
I
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
' July 16, 1946.
c. D. RYAN
2,404,193
SEALING .AND EJECTING APPARATUS FOR MAIL TREATING MACHINES
' Original Filed April .‘29, 1940
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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Patented July 16, 1946
‘ 2,404,193
"(UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICEL
SEALING AND EJECTING APPARATUS FOR
MAIL TREATING DIACHINES
'
Commodore D. Ryan, Los Angeles, Calif., assign
or ,to Commercial Controls Corporation, a cor
poration of Delaware
Application October 16, 1942, Serial No. 462,262,
which is a division of, application Serial No.
421,321, December 2, 1941, which is a division
of application Serial No. 332,305, April 29, 1940.
Divided and this application September 1, 1943,
Serial No. 500,755.
8 Claims. (Cl. 120-46)
2
1
to Figure 3 illustrating the manner in which the
pressure roller is automatically released to swing
to its retracted position when the tape feeding
' This invention relates to apparatus for sealing
and ejecting mail matter from a mail treating
machine.
One of the objects of this invention'is to provide
device is moved to its operative feeding position.
envelope ejecting apparatus for a mail treating
Similar reference characters refer to similar
parts throughout the several views of the draw
machine which is Simple and Sturdy in construc
mgs, '
tion and capable of e?icient operation at a high
As shown in Figure 1, the mailing machine is
rate of speed. Another object is to provide appa
provided with a conveyor table I65 which is
ratus of the above nature capable of e?'ioiently
handling envelopes and cards of various widths, 10 spaced a short distance from the intermediate
_ frame plate IBI ,ofthe machine in order to pro
‘lengths, and thicknesses, without mutilation
vide space for the depending ?aps of the envelopes
thereof. Another object is to provide ‘apparatus
conveyed by the conveying mechanism when the
of the above nature which can be safely operated
envelopes are to be sealed.
at high speed in ejecting mail matter atthe de
livery end of the machine. Other objects will be 15 An envelope feeding hopper I5I is arranged
adjacent the left-hand end of conveyor table I65
in part apparent and in'part pointed out herein
and beneath the hopper is a metering mechanism
after,
generally indicated at 222 (Figure 2) capable of
This application is a division of the application
being operated at either one of two di?erent
of Commodore D. Ryan, Serial No, 462,262, ?led
October 16, 1942, now Patent No. 2,389,551, issue 20 speeds. This metering mechanism delivers the
envelopes into the conveying system, generally
of Nov. 20, 1945, which is a division of the appli
indicated at I53, which may be divided into three
cationof Commodore D. Ryan, Serial No. 421,321,
different units, namely, metering, conveying, and
?led December 2, 1941, which was a division of
the application of Frank P. Sager, Ernest _R. Berg
ejecting. The conveying system I53 causes the '
25 envelope flaps to pass through a moistening de
erton, Serial No. 332,305, ?led April 29, 1940, said ' ' vice generally indicated at I54, which applies
mark, Commodore D, Ryan and Herschel L.- Ath
Ryan application, Serial No. 421,321, having is
moisture to the'mucilage on the ?aps and folds
them up against the backs of the envelopes, as de
sued on November 17, 1942, as Patent No. 2,302,060
and said Sager et a1. application, No. 332,305,
scribed in my Patent 2,372,742, which issued: from
having issued March 6, 1945, as Patent No. 30 my application Serial No. 412,543, a division of my
aforesaid application Serial No. 332,305. The de
2,371,070.
'
The invention accordingly consists in the fea
- scription and construction of the metering and
tures of construction,‘combinations of elements,
and arrangements of parts as will be exempli?ed
conveying units is contained in my Patent 2,302,
060, while only the ejecting unit is described
in the structure to be hereinafter described and m 35
the scope of the application of which will be indi- '~
herein.
-
The ?nal ejecting portion of the envelope con
veyor system I53 receives the envelopes from a
cated in the following claims.v
hold-down truck mechanism 252 which forms a
In the drawings, in which there is shown one '
part of the conveying system and operates to con
embodiment of the invention,
Figure 1 is a perspective View of the mail-treat- _> 40 vey the envelopes past the printing drum I5'I of
the postage meter I55 (Figure 1) and ?nally to
ing machine;
‘
a
eject. the treated envelopes from the machine.
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmental sectional
This portion of, the envelope conveyor system,
elevation showing the envelope conveyor and the
which I have referred to as the ?nal ejecting
ejecting device at the delivery end thereof; 1
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmental sectional, 45 portion of the conveying system, comprises a
view taken generally along the line 3--3 of Figure """ platen roller mechanism generally indicated at
l to illustrate the relation between the ?nal seal-v
309 (Figure 2) and a ?nal sealing and ejecting
ing and ejecting rollers and the printing drum;
roller device generally indicated at 3I0,
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken substantially
along the line lI—lI of Figure 3;
a
Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
substantially 'along the line 5-5 of Figure‘ 3,
showing the platen roller, its driving shaft and
associated parts;
and,
.,
_
v
_
,
I
. _' Figure 6 is a fragmental sectional view similar
50
The platen roller mechanism 309 is arranged
to automatically maintain the ‘proper pressure
against the printing drum I51 of the meter for
treating the full range of envelope thicknesses
permissible by the capacity of the machine. The
platen roller mechanism 309 includes a swing
frame 3_I I comprising a front plate SI! and a simi
‘
V
é
hinge plate 343 bifurcated at its free end, and the ’
bifurcated portions are bent to form vertical hear
Ylar rear‘plate (not shown) maintained in spaced
relation'bysuitable spacer bolts 3 I 4 and 315 (Fig;
ing ?anges 356. An axle-35l carried bylbearing
?anges 356 supports the creasing roller 346. The
ure 2), and the~two plates forming the swing
frame are pivotally mounted upon pivot shaft.
The swing frame is yieldingly maintained
opposite end of swing plate 343 is bent to form
ejector rollers may be rubber-tired as shown in
supporting roller shaft 36!, while the other‘end
the meter to convey the envelope past the print
acts betweenthe platejand bracket 354' to yield
3l6.
a’ pair of spaced vertical ?anges 352 for hingedly
in its normal position of rest by compression
mounting'this end of the plate to hinge pin 353,
spring 3|‘! acting between a pair of lock nuts 3“;
which pin is supported in bracket 354 (Figures 3
carried by push rod 319 and pivot block 326, piv
and 4) . A torsion spring 355 encircles hinge pin
otally ‘supported between the front frame plate
I63 of the machine‘and bracket 32! (Figures 1 10 353 and acts between the hinge plate and bracket
to yielding’ly urge the creasing roller 346 against
and. 2). The upper end of push rod 3l9 (Fig
the sealing‘ roller 338. The innermost of the two
ure 2) is pivotally connected to the spacer bolt
bearing ?anges 356 is ?anged rearwardly to pro
3| 5, while its lower end is provided with a pair of
vide a stop lug 356, which lug overhangs an offset‘
adjusting nuts 322. A resilient washer 323 is
portion 351 of bracket 354. Screw-threaded into
mounted on rod 3l9 between the adjusting nuts
this portion of the bracket is an adjusting screw
and pivot block to cushion the engagements of
358 against which the stop lug 356 engages to
said adjusting nut against said block when the
hold said creasing roller in proper clearance rela
swing frame 3! l is returned to its raised position;
tion with respect to said sealing roller. This clear
Referring more particularly to Figure 5, the
swingl‘frame is provided with bearings 324 and 20 ance is just sufficient to hold the creasing roller
' out of driving engagement with the sealing roller
325 in which the platen drive shaft 326 is jour
naled, The platen roller 321 is keyed upon the ' so as not to unduly'wear or deform the rubber "
surface of said sealing roller.
inner end of shaft 326 by means of a suitable
A similar type of hinge‘ plate 359 is provided
tapered pin 328. An ejector roller 329 is posi
tioned between the’ front and rear swing frame 25 for swingably supporting roller 341 from bracket
354 and said bracket is provided at its free end
plates 3l2 and M3 and is mounted on and keyed
with spaced bearing ?anges 366' for pivotally
to shaft 326 by taper pm 333. The platen and
of the hinge plate is provided with ?anged
the drawings.
When the machine is set for sealing envelopes 30 brackets 362 for pivotally mounting the plate to ‘
hinge pin ‘353 in the manner shown in Figures
without printing postage thereon, the ejector
3 and 4. A torsion spring .363 surrounds hinge
roller 329 cooperates with a small idler roller 33l
pin 353 between the hinge plate ?anges 262 and
(Figure 3) journaled in the printing drum 332 of
ingly urge roller 343'toward the‘ main sealing
roller 338. Roller 341 is maintained in the same
clearance relation with respect to the main seal
ing roller 333 as described for the creasing roller
ing operation.’
.
346 by‘providing the hinge plate 353 with an
The ?nal sealing and ejecting device 3!!) may
include a‘driven rubber-tired roller 338 ‘carried 40 olTset lug 364 overlying so as to rest upon the
ing station and to present the envelope to the
?nal sealing and ejecting rollers 3E0- This same
action is attained upon completion of the print-‘
upper surface of the creasing roller hinge plate
349. vThe offset lug 3640f swing plate'359‘doe's
not prevent roller 341 from beingli’fted due ‘to
right side cover plate 34L A driving connection
irregularities of the mail matter independently of
.is formed between the platen driving shaft 326 ‘
and roller shaft 333, which driving connection 45 the creasing roller 346.
The" mail treating’ machine shown ‘in Figure
.may include providing the step pulley 244 with
1 may be adjusted to ‘print postage indicia upon
a belt groove 342 (Figure 5) and a driven pulley
gummed tape, and whenso adjusted it is de- 7
343 (Figure 2) fastened to shaft 339 and connect
sirable to automatically retract the creasing ‘and
[ing these two pulleys by means of belt 343. A
"beltr'tighwning roller (not shown) may be mount 50 pressure rollers 346 and 341' to a position as
shown by broken lines )in, Figure 6- ' For ‘this
ed upon the underside of the envelope supporting
purpose bracket 354 is. hinged tothe support
plate tormaintain a sufficient tension in the driv
ing bracket 346 by pin 365. A latch member
ing belt 344.
.
by shaft 336 journaled in bracket 346 (Figures 1
jandp3) , which bracket is suitably fastened to the
366 pivotally mounted upon bracket 354 by ‘hinge
Cooperating with roller 338 are two spring
pin-361 is provided with a' latch notch‘v 368
weighted pressure rollers, the ?rst of which may
(Figures 3 and 6) engaging ‘alatch plate 369
be referred to as the creasing roller 346 (Figure 4)
and is relatively narrow in width to engage only
securely (fastened upon the inner face of the main
the flap edge of the envelope to complete the
supporting bracket 346. In ‘order to yieldingly
maintain the latch member in latching relation
creasing and'also assist in the sealing of the ?ap.
.‘Thesecond pressure roller 341 is of greater width 60 With plate 369, a compression spring 310 is inter
and acts to V?rmly press the moistened ?ap against . posed between the latch ?nger 3H and a'suit
able bore formed in the main supporting bracket
the body of the envelope to effect the ?nal sealing
34!). The latch member is notched as'shown at
thereof. This roller organization also operates
312 in Figure 6, and a stop pin 313 carried by.
to eject the treated mail matter from the ma-.
65 bracket v354 cooperates with notch 312 to limit the
chine.
.
swinging motion in either direction of latch
To prevent pressure roller 341 from contacting
member 366. The latch member 366 is utilized
the newly printed stamp on the envelope, and
55
thereby smearing the impression, the portion 346
of the roller is of suf?ciently reduced diameter
to support a guide plate 314' which operates to
guide the envelopes or‘other mailmatter from
to clear said newly printed stamp. -'
‘the platen and ejector rollers t0 the- ?nal. sealing
. ' The creasing roller 346 is swingably mountedv
with relation to the main sealing roller 338 to
roller assembly. 'The guide plate 314 is'prefer
ably formed as shown in Figures 3, 4,_ and v6. A
retracting spring 3115 is mounted‘ within a‘ hole
provide for di?erent thicknesses of mail matter
"passingbetween these two rollers. The means @315 drilled into- bracket member ‘3542 (Figures 3
for mounting the creasing roller may include a 75 and. 6). The end of spring 315 whichengages
2,404,193
'6
‘envelope; spring vmeans,associated with'one of
said elements for biasingit' toward‘ the other,
the inner end of‘ bore 316 is enlarged to frlc¢
tionally bind the spring within said bore while
the free end of the spring extends a‘short dis
tance beyond bracket 35'4 t'o‘en'gage the main
and means‘for driving at least vone of said ele
ments,-
‘
-
i
'
"
.
<
V,
j
supporting bracket 340 when bracket ‘354, mm
its latched position and acts upon release of latch
-3. In ‘a mail treating machineiwherein enve
lopes are conveyed along'a horizontaltable- to
member 366' to supply the force necessary to
, and through a moistening device, and to ‘a ?nal
sealing and ejecting device which ejectstheenve
swing bracket'member 354 to'lts retracted posi
tion as shown in'broken lines in Figure?. In
this ?gure ,the‘. afreelend '315a of-a ‘retracting
lopes in generally horizontal direction into a
10 receiving hopper,‘ said sealing and ejecting device
spring 315 may be seen ,1 projecting'from bracket
comprising, in combination, upper and lower ‘ele
ments arranged above and below the path of
‘travel ‘ofv the envelopes for receiving the‘ enve
lopes from said moistening device and-ejecting
The creasing‘ pressure .zrollers .346“ and 341
,(Figure 4) are manually returned to-their'no'r 15 them=into said hopper, one of said-elements in
member ‘354 when swung to its retracted posi
mal operative position, but‘ may be tripped auto
matically ‘to swing to their ‘retracted position
cluding a pair of separated normally coaxially
arranged'rollers, means mounting said-rollers for
individual movement toward'and away from the
upon removal of the meter or whe‘n'sh'ifting the
other of’said elements, one of said rollers ‘being
tape feeding device from its non-printing to its
‘printing position in a manner described in the 20 so positioned relative to said path of travel‘as to
bear against the crease at the tOp' of‘thev enve
application of Frank'P. Sager 'et a1. Serial No.
lope and thel-other of said rollers being so posi
‘
'
tioned'as to bear against the envelope ?ap- to
When the ?nal sealing and ejecting device
press it against the body of the envelope, and
3"! (Figure 1) is in its normal operating'posi
tion and the machine is set for treating mail 25 means for driving at least one of said elements.
4. In ‘a mail treating machine wherein enve
matter, a receiving hopper 311 may be attached
332,305, ?led April 29, 1940.
‘ to end plate 3“ of‘ the'machine to receive the
envelopes or other mail matter as they are ejected
lopes are ‘conveyed along a horizontaltableto
and through a moistening device and to a ?nal
sealing and ejecting device which ejects the en
from the ?nal sealing and ejector rollers 3H1.
As many possible embodiments may be made 30 velopes in generally horizontal direction intov a
of the above invention, and as many changes
might be made in the embodiment above set
forth, it is to be understood that all matter
hereinbefore set forth, or shown in the accom
panying drawings, is to be interpreted as illus 35
receiving hopper, said sealing and ejecting device
comprising, in combination, upper and lower ele
ments arranged above and below the path of
travel of the envelopes for receiving the enve
lopes from said moistening device and ejecting
trative and not in a limiting sense.
I claim:
1. In a mail treating machine wherein en
them into said hopper, one of said elements in
rollers being so positioned relative to said path
vidually movable parts, one of said parts includ
ing a portion extending over the other of said
parts whereby movement of the latter part away
cluding a pair of separated normally coaxially
arranged rollers, means mounting said rollers for
individual movement toward and away from ‘the
velopes are conveyed along a horizontal table’
to and through a moistening device and to a 40 other of said elements, one of said rollers being
so positioned relative to said path of travel as to
?nal sealing and ejecting device which ejects
bear against the crease at‘ the top of the envelope
the envelopes in generally horizontal direction
and the other of said rollers being so positioned
into a receiving hopper, said sealing and ejecting
as to bear against the envelope flap to press it
device comprising, in combination, upper and
lower elements arranged above and below the 45 against the body of the envelope, spring means
associated with said roller mounting means for
path of travel of the envelopes for receiving the
biasing said rollers toward the other of said ele
envelopes from said moistening device and
ments, and means for driving at least one of said
ejecting them into said hopper, one of said ele
elements.
ments including a pair of spaced, unconnected
5. Apparatus according to claim 3 wherein the
rollers having their axes arranged transversely of 50
'roller mounting means includes a pair of indie
the path of travel of the envelopes, one of said
of travel as to bear against the crease at the
top of the envelope and the other of said rollers
being so positioned as to bear against the body 55 from the other of said elements causes similar
movement of said one part, movement of said
of the envelope, and means for driving at least
one part away from the other of said elements
one of said elements.
,
however leaving the other of said parts undis
2. In a mail treating machine wherein enve
turbed. V
lopes are conveyed along a horizontal table to
6. In a mail treating machine wherein enve
and through a moistening device and to a ?nal 60
lopes are conveyed along a horizontal table to
sealing and ejecting device which ejects the en
and through a printing mechanism to a ?nal
velopes in generally horizontal direction into a
receiving hopper, said sealing and ejecting de
vice comprising, in combination, upper and lower
elements arranged above and below the path of 65
travel of the envelopes for receiving the enve
lopes from said moistening device and ejecting
them into said hopper, one'of said elements in
cluding a pair of spaced,_ unconnected rollers
having their axes arranged transversely of the 70
path of travel of the envelopes, one of said rollers
being so positioned relative to said path of travel
as to bear against the crease at the top of the
envelope and the other of said rollers being sov
positioned as to bear against the body of the 75
sealing and ejecting device, which ejects the en
velopes in generally horizontal direction into a
receiving hopper, said sealing and ejecting device
comprising, in combination, upper and lower ele
ments arranged above and below the path of
travel of the envelopes for receiving the envelopes
from said printing mechanism and ejecting them
into said hopper, one of said ‘elements including
a pair of rollers having their axes arranged
transversely of the path of travel of the enve
lopes, one of said rollers being so positioned rela
tive to said path of travel as to bear against the
crease at the top of the envelope and the other
2,404,198
8
"of said rollers being so. positioned as to bear
against the. body’ of the envelope, one of said
lopes are conveyed along {a horizontal 'table' to
rollers including a reduced portion which is posi
tioned adjacent to the path along which the
and through a printing mechanism to, a ?nal
sealing and ejecting device which ejects the en
velopesinv generally horizontal direction into a
_ 8,111- a, mailtreating machine wherein enve
printed portion of the envelope passes , during
its movement betweensaid elements,_and means
for driving at least one of said elements.
_receiv_ing hopper, said sealing andejeotingdevice
7 '
7. Ina mail treating machine wherein enve
lopes, are conveyed along a horizontal stablekto
and through a moistening device and toga ‘?nal
sealing and ejecting device-which ejects the ten
velopes in generally‘ horizontal direction into a
10
receiving hopper, said sealing and ejecting device
_comprising,in combination, upper and lower-ele
ments arranged above and below the path of ,
travel of the envelopes for receiving the envelopes
from said moistening device and ejecting them
intov vsaiyzlhopper, the axis- of said upper roller
means being displaced from the axis of theother
roller means in the direction of envelope travel,
said ,upper rollerrmeans including a portion so
positionedrelative to said path of travel as to
bear against the crease atthe top of the- enve
lope, said upper rollerlmeans also including, a
portion so positioned relative to said'path of I.
travel as to bear againstthe envelope flap to
press it against the body of the envelope, and"
means vfor driving one of_ said roller means.
comprising, in combination, [upper and lower
elements arrangedabove and below the path of
travel of the envelopes for receiving the enve
rlopes‘flrom said printing mechanism and ejecting
them into said hopper, the axis of said upper
roller means being displaced" from the axis ‘of
the ‘other roller’means in the direction of enve
lope travel, said upper roller means‘ including a
portion so positioned. relative to said path" of
travel as to bear‘ against the crease at'the top of
the - envelope, . said upper, ‘roller means" also in
cluding a portion so, positioned relative‘ to ‘said
path of travel asIto-bear' against the, envelope
.flap to press it against thebody of the, envelope,
said roller means also including-between said two
portions a reduced portion ‘so positionedthat the
printed matter on the envelope passes there
under without being‘. engaged by said roller
means, and means for driving at least one of said
elements.
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COMMODYORED, RYAN.
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