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Патент USA US2404197

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July-16, 1-946.
E. siRP
Filed June 17, 1943
5 Sheets-Sheet 1 1
July 16, 1946.
Filed‘ June 17, 1943
5 Sheets-Sheet?
‘_£. S‘l/PP
Bil/“7 z. 4-74
July 16,1946.
’ E. SlRP
Filed June 17, 1945 ‘
5 Sheeis-Sheet 3
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July 16, 1946.
E. SlRP.
’ Filed June 17,? 1945
' 5 Sheets-Sheet_4 '
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Filed Jun‘e 17, 1943
_ 5 Sheets-Sheet 5
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Patented July 16, 1946
2,404,197 _
Emil Sirp, Downers Grove, IlL, assignor to West
ern Electric Company, Incorporated, New York,
N. Y., a corporation of New York
Application June 17, 1943, Serial No. 491,129
7 Claims. (Cl. 113-1)
This invention relates to article assembling ap
' Fig. 6 is a still further enlarged view of a frag
paratus and more particularly to apparatus for
assembling the plate elements of vacuum tubes.
ment of the mechanism shown in Fig. 5 and show
In some vacuum tubes, a tubular plate element
having three equally spaced webs is formed from
,ing the contour of the staking tool in detail;
Fig. 7 is a. fragmentary detailed viewjshowing
the crimping tool in its operative position‘ and a
portion of the staking tool in its retracted inoper
molybdenum. It has proven desirable to form
ative position;
If .
these plate elements in three parts, each of the
Fig. 8 is an end View of vthe ‘point of the‘ staking
parts including an arcuate portion of the wall of
the tubular plate element and two ?anges ex
tending outwardly radially at the end of the arc 10 Figs. 9 and 10‘ are fragmentary-‘sectional views
portion whereby the complete element may be
assembled by attaching the ?anges or webs to
gether, preferably by staking the flanges.
taken substantially along the line 9-;9, oi
in the direction of‘ the arrows, showinga' trip
lock forythe slidable plate in its operativefand
inoperative positions, respectively;
It is an object of the present invention to pro
vide a simple apparatus for expeditiously assem 15 Fig. 11 is a‘ plan view of the vacuum tubejplate
assembly which is formed in the. apparatus; and
bling the parts of a vacuum tube plate.
Fig.» 12 is a side elevational'view‘v of the struc
In accordance with one embodiment ‘of the in
ture shown in planin" Figsll. "
‘ '
r " '
vention, a slidable ?xture is provided,,which is
Referring to'ethey‘drawings wherein like ref
adapted to be slid across the bed of a punch press
into position under the ram of the press. The 20 erence characters designate thev same parts
throughout the several VieWaparticuIar'refer
?xture has mounted on it an annular oscillatable
cam plate, carrying a cam roller for actuation by
ence being ?rst had to Figs. 11 and 12, wherein
the punch press and having grooves therein for
the article assembled in the apparatus" is shown
simultaneously driving three sets of staking tools
in detailkit willgbe seenrth‘at the. vacuumtube
and three sets of crimping tools which'are slid» 25 plate assembly i5 is comprised ofthree parts 11,
able to work upon the extending webs or ?anges
I8 and IS. The parts each include lazsegment
of a three-part plate assembly whereby all of the
staking operations are performedon the down
stroke of the punch press and all of the crimping
operations are performed on the upstroke of the
ram of the press.
A better understanding of the invention may
be had by reference to the following detailed de
scription when considered in conjunction with
of a tube and outwardly extending ribsor ilanges,
the part l9 having ?anges 20‘ and 2|, the’ part
l8 having flanges-22 and 23 and the part II hav
ing flanges 24 and :25. The ?anges 2|, 22, 23 and
24 all comprise ?atextensions formed integrally
with the parts ll, 18 and [9, whereas the ?anges
20 and 25 have ridges 26 and 21, respectively,
formed therein. When the plate assembly is
35 staked together, as shown at 2'8, 29_ and '30, the
the accompanying drawings, wherein
ridges 26 and>2l cooperate to form a passage in
Fig. '1 is a plan view of the bed of a punch press
which a mounting post may be suitably secured.
with a portion of the cam roller actuating mem
The plate assembly It may be assembled and
ber mounted on the ram shown in section and with
the slidable plate shown in its inoperative position
the various parts thereof attached together by
prior to being slid under the ram of the press; 40 staking them in the apparatus shown in plan
Fig. 2 is a view‘similar to Fig. 1 except that it
view in Fig. 1,, wherein a slidable plate 40 is shown
shows the slidable plate in position under the
mounted on a bed plate 4| suitably mounted-on ,
ram of the press and shows the oscillatable cam
plate carried by the slidable plate in its operated
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken sub
stantially along the line 4-4 of. Fig. 2 in the di
rection of the arrows;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary plan sectional view on
an enlarged scale taken through the center of the
apparatus, as shown in plan in Fig. 2, showing the
staking tools in their operative position;
The slidable plate 40 extends underrguidel rails
45 43 and 44 suitably attached'to the '1 bed plate__4l
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken sub
stantially along the line 3-3 of Fig.2 in the
direction of the arrows;
the upper surface of, a bed 42' of a punch “press.
and provided with stops 4-5 and 46 for "limiting
the movement of the slidableplate 4ll.toward
the front of the machine. The slidable plate 40
is provided with a pair of handles 41‘ and 48
50 whereby the plate may be manipulated to move
it from the position shown in Fig; V1 to the' posi
.tion shown in Fig. 2 and vice 'versa. 3; _
V ‘
Suitably attached to the‘ up-persurface‘ oi. the
gill sudable plate 40 are a series oisegmentalplates
_ 52,404,19'?
V .
49, 50, 5|, 52, 53, 54, 55, 55 and 51, around which
have been staked by?the staking tools.
there extends an annular oscillatable cam plate ’
58. The ‘cam plate 58 is held down around the ,
method of staking and the crimping toolsper se
are described in detatil and claimed in the co
segmental plates 49 and 5‘! by a series of retainer
; blocks 55, 60, BI and 52, one of which, that is,
. retainer block 5|, also serves as a stop against
pending application of E. Sirp, Serial No. 491,128,
?led June 17, 1943.
In addition to carrying the cam plate 57, the
. I which anabutment member 163 will strike to limit
head plate 68 of the punch press carries a pair
of guidesleeves I31—II]'I, which cooperate with
H; the oscillatory movement of the plate 58 in a
' counter-clockwise direction.
guide pins I53—I 58 extending upwardly from the
Fixed to the oscile I
1 latable‘cam plate 58 is a cam roller supportinggill)~ slidable plate 45, thus to insure the proper align
j block 64, which carries freely rotatable at the’ f” “ment of the ram'of the punch press and the
end‘ of it a cam roller 55 for engagement witha . . vmechanisms mounted on the slidable plate 45.
3 camslot 55, which is, in vturn,’forznried ,ina cam
'Fixed to the underside of the head plate 68 is a
I vplateii‘I, attached to a headplate 581 The head
. release pin' I55, which, as seen most clearly in
plate 68 is, in turn, suitably mounted 'onl'a ram v15 Figs. 72, 9 and 10_, is adapted to engage a latch
69 constituting apart of the punch press‘mech- ‘ - member I II] at the bottom of the stroke of the
v,anism which may be of any suitable construction. i * punch press. The latch member H5 is seated in
I’ The block 547 oscillates between the edgesjI) and"
a tapered aperture III formed in a bracket H2
‘II of a cut-out formed in a cover plate ‘I2, which '
and is normally urged upwardly by a compression
is attached tothe upperjsurface of the segmental 20 spring II3 to the position shownrin Fig. 9. The
1 plates; 49 to 51', ‘aIil(_1>is_"l’iOtChed" to :receive ‘the
compression spring‘I I3; is seated in a pocket‘ H5
' retainer iblocksi59i', $60,151 and‘?z.
7 > and engages the latch member ‘I I5 eccentrically
'When'fthe' block tlljisioscillated 'due to theen
so 'that'when the release pin?I I39 pushes the latch
member I Ill downward'lyagainst the action of the
1 'g'ag'e'inentffoi__,the cam roller ‘555with thejca'm slot
; 96,5‘, jthreecam slots "I3~,1"'Hl'‘and-75'v formed in the 25 spring I I3, the’ latch member I I?will tilt and will
' 1 'canflplate158‘wi1l servetoeactuatethree sets of
. staking pins designatedias 16,517 and 18, respec
'3 "tiv'ely.‘ ‘Thefc'am slots "'l'3;1"~'lil andi'I5 "have cam
catch underthe shoulder TI I5'of a bracket 1 I6
mounted ‘on the rear-endjof the‘sliolable plate 45.
vThe bracket IIB, as'seen' most clearlyin Fig. 12, >
rollers 19,85 and BI {extendinginto them for ~ac-~
has a cam surface I I ‘I formed'on' it, which, when
‘ 'tuatingj cam ‘slides >82, '8'3'and- 84,, respectively, on ‘30 the plate 135 is slid to the positionp'shown in :Fig. 2,
i which theistaking pins-‘t5, 'I ‘I and l3',"r_espective- ' . will engage the latch member I Illjandmam it
‘ 1y, are ‘?xed; ‘The cam 'slides‘82,~83-, and 84 ride
thefpa's‘sag'eways “formed ‘by the segmental
aside to permit it to engage ahsurface ' H8, ofthe
shoulder H5, thus to locate the slidablepplate 45
1 plates 53, and‘54f, 50 ‘and'j5'I'gand >55 and 51', re-, . in its rearmost position until--the_'release pin ‘I59
fsDecti'Velyj to engage the series of staking pins ‘I6, 35 engages the latch memberI-It and trips the latch
. l ‘j'I'I'and 13;; withthe‘q?langes i2I and‘V-Z'ZI, 25 and 25
member I‘iIl torthe'position-shown-in Fig. 10. The
i 2 and 23 ‘and 24, 'respectively,which are heldin» po- features of this triplock mechanism are described
‘ sition,betweenthe‘segmental‘plates 55 and 5B, 53
and‘ claimed in‘the co-pending‘application of‘F.
‘ 1and'52, and?il and’ 55'." It should be noted that‘v
1 ithe-innerends of the segmental plates '49 and 55, "40
52:3,nd: 53 and’ 55 and 55 are-rounded slightly to
receive the‘ parts of ‘the 'vacuum‘tube plate asseme
i 'bl'yijandthatjthese‘segmental; plates are spaced
. apart slightly to permit theparts of the vacuum‘ ,
-\17g.4'3-Vorreyer, Serial No; '¢i9'1,1'27, ?led June '17,
A tubular sleeve I35 is; ?xed in the head plate 68
by means of a set screw I31, N'I’he upper end of‘
the tubular sleeve I33 is threaded, as ‘shown ‘at
I32, to receive a plug I33, which serves to com
'7 tube plate assembly‘ to be’ inserted’v between them 'j45 pressa spring I35‘against a head‘ I 3.5 formed’ on
‘ when the'slidable plate'dllis-in the position shown ‘
a-locating pin I35; The locating-pin"‘I35'has an
iniFig. L'a centralaperture vill] being provided for v
i this purpose in' the cover plate‘IZ.
In addition t‘o‘the cam slots 73,14 and 15, the
annular shoulder I3'l'forined'fo'nv it adjacent ‘its
lower end for engaging the‘uppergsurface ofithe.
parts Il, I3 and I5 of thevacuum tube‘ plate as
‘ cam plate 58 has three camslots SI, 92 and 93 50
‘ formed in'it in which'ride cam rollers-94, 95 and
sembly I6 to clamp them against agknockout pin‘
I38, which extends through the slidable plate 45
‘ 96, respectively.
j are mountedadjacent the end of cam slides 91,
and has a head I 39 whichgrests on the'upper sur
face of the slidable plate M1 to serve as a base on
‘ 98'and 99, all of the same construction, and car
which the parts, I'I, I8 andv I9 will rest when they
The cam rollers 94, 95 and 96 '
rying'crimping tools I50, I5I and I112.
The 55 are placed in position to be worked upon. Ex
‘ crimping tools are all of the same construction
‘ and have a guide projection I53 surrounded by
an annular shoulder I04, which cooperate to de
‘ ?ne the operating face I05 of the tools. It should ‘
tending downwardly from the main ‘body'of the
locating pin I36 is a rounded projection I40,
which will be pushed'into the center of the, as
sembled parts 'I‘I‘, I8 and‘. I3 to properly set them
I be noted at this‘time that the annular oscillatory 60 against the ends of the segmental plates 49, '55,
‘ cam plate 58 normally rests in the position shown ; 52 and 53, 55 and 55 when the‘ ram of the press
g in Fig. 1; In other words, the timing of the punch .
press is so arranged that the press will stop with
I the ram 59' slightly aboveits lowermost position.v ‘
is moved downwardly. After a staking and crimp
ing operation has been'completedby the appara
tus and the slidable plate 45 has been slid back to
.1 This mode'ofroper-ation is provided since each of,' 65 the position shown in Fig. '1, the knockout pin I38
the cam slots 9I,‘92 and 93 is provided. with a .
;' bumping projection I05 Which'engagesth‘e rollers
I 94; =95qand SIS to drive the crimping tools N25,. IUI
will'be directly above ‘an actuator rod MI,‘ which
‘ is freely slidable in aligned apertures I42 and'I43
in, the bed plate 4| and bed of the press 42,. The
actuator. rod' I4.I may be manually operated to
that is, ‘once at the veryend of the cycle of the,‘ "70 drive'the knockout pin [38 upwardly to strip a
'1 press'and'once just before the end of the’ cycle . vacuum tube plate assembly‘lltfrom the appara
of the press, In this manner, ‘the parts of the tube
tus, after the parts thereofjhave been staked to
element'inserted in the apparatus when the slid
; able plate 4B1isin'the position shown in Fig. 1 will, '
A- more. coniplete underrstendiegibf the appa
‘ not be contacted by the crimping tools until they 75 ratus may be hadv by reference to thefollowi'ng
j and I 02, against the articleibeing assembledjtwice, ,
brief description of the mode of’ operation thereof.
The three parts I'I, I8 and I9 of the vacuum tube
plate assembly may be placed in the position
shown in Fig. 1, where the slidable plate 40 is in
its position at the front of the bed plate 4I. After
the parts I'I, I8 and I9 have been placed in posi
tion between the segmental plates 49, 50, 52, 53,
55 and 56, the operator may grasp the handles 41
and 48 and push the slidable plate 40 and all of
the parts carried thereby back to the position 10
shown in Fig. 2. As the slidable plate 40 ap
proaches the end of its travel toward the rear
of the machine, the cam surface II1 will strike
‘releasing pin I09>at the bottom of the stroke of
the punch press ram,.the slidable plate may be
slid to the front of the press by means of handles
41 and 48 and the actuator pinv I43 may be oper
ated manually to drive the knockout pin I38 up
wardly. In moving downwardly, the punch press
ram' carried the locating pin I36 with it and the
shoulder I31 on the locating pin serves to properly
seat the parts I1,’ I8 and I9 on the head I39 of
the knockout pin I38.
What is claimed is: '
1. In an article assembling apparatus, means
for supporting a plurality of article parts in posi
tion to be assembled, a cam plate encircling said
the latch member III! and will rockit slightly
supporting means and having a plurality of cam
in a clockwise direction, compressing the spring
ming surfaces formed in it, a plurality of sets of
I I4 slightly. As the slidable plate 40 reaches the
opposed, coaxially reciprocatable assemblingrtools
end of its movement toward the rear of the ma
the position shown in Figs. 2 and 9, thus to lock ,/
slidable in said supporting means and operable
upon opposite sides of abutting article parts in
member IIO to shift it to the position shown in
oscillating said cam plate in opposite directions
chine, the latch member IIO will snapback to
the slidable plate against movement toward the 20 said supporting means, cam means slidable in said
supporting means and engaging said camming
front of the apparatus until after the ram of the
surfaces for actuation thereby, and means for
press drives the release pin I09 against the latch
to separately actuate opposed tools, one tool of
Fig. 10. With the slidable platev 40 locked in the
position shown in Fig. 2, the guide pins I08 will 25 each set being operable on the parts ineach
direction of oscillation of the cam plate.
be in direct vertical alignment with the guide
2. An article assembling apparatus comprising
sleeves I0‘! and the cycle of the punch press may
a support for parts of an article, a piercing tool
be started. It should be noted at this time that
mounted for reciprocation in said support and
the timing of the punch press is so arranged that
its cycle stops with the ram of the press moved 30 operable to pierce‘two abutting parts held in said
support for displacing the material of said parts,
down slightly from its uppermost position. In
a clinching tool in alignment with said piercing
other words, the cycle of the press stops with the
tool and mounted for reciprocation in said sup
cam roller 05 in the position shown in Fig. 1 and
port to clinch the material of the abutting parts
with the cam plate 61 in the position shown in
35 displaced by the piercing tool, an annular cam
Fig. 1.
After the plate 40 has thus been positioned
beneath the ram of the punch press, the press
plate surrounding said support and oscillatable
. for alternately actuating the piercing and. clinch
may be operated to go through its complete cycle.
When the plate 40 reached its rearmost position,
lation being operable to actuate the piercing tool
the cam roller 65 was nested in the cam slot 56.
Thereafter, ‘as soon as the cycle of the punch
and in the other direction being operable to actu
ate the clinching tool, and means to oscillate the
press is started, the oscillatable cam plate 58
cam plate.
mg tools, said cam plate in one direction of oscil
3. An article assembling apparatus comprising
a support for parts of an article, piercing and
the position shown in Fig. 1 to the position shown
in Fig. 2. In moving from the position shown in 45 clinching tools mounted for reciprocation in said
support, an annular cam plate surrounding said
Fig. 1 to the position shown in Fig. 2, the cam
support and oscillatablefor actuating the tools,
plate 58 will, due to the interaction of the cam
and means to oscillate the cam plate, said cam
slots 13, ‘I4 and ‘I5 and their associated cam rollers
plate having cams formed therein for actuating
‘I9, 80 and III, drive the cam slides 82, 83 and 84
to the position shown in Fig. 2. In moving to 50 the piercing tools when the plate oscillates in one
direction and other cams for actuating the clinch
the position shown in Fig. 2, the cam slides 82,
83 and 84 will drive the staking tools ‘I6, 11 and
ing tools when the plate oscillates in both direc
18 through the abutting flanges formed on the
4. The combination of a punch press having a
parts I‘I, I8 and I9. The effect of this action is
illustrated in Fig’. 6, where the staking tool 11 55 reciprocatory ram and a bed with an assembling
is in its farthermost operative position and
means to be operated by the press comprising a
wherein it has pierced the plates 25 and 20 and
support for parts of an article, piercing and
clinching tools mounted for reciprocation in said
partially formed clinching webs, as shown at I45.
As the punch press continues its cycle of oper
support, an annular cam plate surrounding said
ation, the cam plate 01 will move upwardly to
support and oscillatable for actuating the tools,
will move in a counter-clockwise direction from
shift the cam plate 58 in a clockwise direction
until the cam slots 9|, 92 and 93 cause the cam
means connecting the cam plate and press ram
to transmit motion from the ram to oscillate
slides 91, 98 and 99, respectively, to move inward
the cam plate, said cam plate having cams formed
and clinch or crimp the webs I45, as shown in
therein for actuating the piercing tools when the
Fig, '7, the operating face I05 of the crimping 65 plate oscillates in one direction and other cams
for actuating the clinching tools when the plate
tools I00, IM and I02 serving ‘to perform this
function. The cycle of the punch press will,
oscillates in both directions, and means on said
ram for positioning parts to be operated on by
however, continue until the cam plate 58 rocks
back to the position shownin Fig. 1 and, ac
said tools.
5. In an article assembling apparatus, a re
cordingly, the crimping tools I00, IN and I02 70
ciprocatory ram, a plate positionable beneath said
will be pushed against the webs ‘I45 a second time
ram, means for guiding the plate to position be-_
by the bumping projection I00 provided near the
end of the cam slots 9!, 92 and 93. As soon as
neath the ram, means for positioning blanks to
be assembled on said plate, cooperating tools re
the punch press completes its cycle of operation,
the latch member I I0 having been tripped by the 75 ciprocably mounted in said positioning means,
' an annular tool actuating cam surrounding said _
V positioningsmeans and ‘Operable to successively ,
actuate said tools, and means on theram. for‘
actuating said tool actuating cam, saidfhtools
being arranged in pairs to successively operate
on the same area of the blank,
6. In an, article assembling apparatus, a re
means on the ram when the-plate-is positioned
beneath the ram. ’
-7;~In an‘ article assembling apparatus, a re
ciprocatory ram-{a plate positionable beneath said
ram, means for guiding the plate'rto position be- c a '
~gneath the ram, means for positioning blanks to‘
ciprocatory ram, a plate positionable beneath said
ram, means for guiding the plate to position be
be assembled on ‘said plate, tools‘ reciprocablyr
mounted in ‘said positioning means, an annular
‘tool actuating cam‘ surrounding said positioning
neath the ‘ram, means for‘positioning blanksto
means and vformed to actuate the tools in succes
be assembled on said plate, tools rreciprocably
mounted in said positioning means, an annular
tool actuatingjcam surrounding said positioning
means’, means‘ on the ram for actuating said tool
actuating vcam, andacam' roller mounted on said
tool actuating cam and engageable' (with the
sion, and means on the ram for actuating [said
tool actuating cam, said tools being operable in
automatic succession by the'camfin response to
the means on the ram' travellingliniboth direc
15 tionsof its reciprocation by the ram.
' r
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