Патент USA US2404242код для вставки
~ July -_16, 1946. L. G. Moss ' 2,404,242 CIGARETTE ROLLING DEVICE Filed March 13, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ‘ J9 J7 'JO ' JNVENTORQ ZZ'OneZ éuyMoss BY ’ I My, Q5» 939%, ‘ July 16, 1946. ~ = ' ' I I ' v|__ a Moss CIGARETTE ROLLING - ' , DEVICE 2,404,242 , Filed March 13, 1945 I ‘ 2y Sheets-Sheet‘? ’ T2325J2.1] 5 ' ‘ INVENTOR, Zz'orzal Guy-Mos: ~ BY ; ~‘ ’ Patented July 16,’ 1946 ' 2,404,242 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ' 7 2,404,242 CiG‘AQ‘RVET-TE ROLLINGLDEVICE Lionel Guy Moss, Dun-bar,‘ WL- Va. ApplicationlMarch 13, 1945,¥Serial N0..58'2;5-1‘0' 5 Claims. (Cl. Idle-~51‘)I 1 . This invention concerns a simple; cheap and‘ easily operated device for‘rolling ‘cigarettes; and which by its compactnessv and lack of protrud ing‘ parts can be carried in the‘ pocket‘ or stored in a drawer. - ‘ An illustrative form of construction is shown on the accompanying" drawings,‘ in‘ which: Figure 1 is a perspective View of the device with the parts in position to be charged. 2 the other‘hem‘ beingfastened-to the front" of the base. The width of. the apron" closely conforms to the spacing between theside walls‘ l5‘iso that it‘ can lie ?at on the floor portion I1; while- its length permits it to'be’ tucked“ into the charging groove" l8 andalsoto form a' slack loop between the groove and thepin 21‘ (see Figs; 1 and-2). In operation, the slider II is withdrawn to” the position of Figs; 1 and 2. Theapron l2' is’tucked Figures 2 to‘ 5 are longitudinal sectional views 10 intothe'cross-groove l8‘, as-shown in these ?gures; showing the successive positions? occupied during charging and rolling: Figure 6 is a cross-section substantially on line 6—6 of Fig. 4. ' with-its slack rearward‘ of'the-groove'. Tobacco T is then loaded intoi'the pocket formed-by‘ the'beltlf as- shown in Fig. 2, with the size of the groove l8' serving to measure the quantity; and‘ a paper P‘ The structure is‘ illustrated as consisting‘ of 15 is placed ?at upon the apron at- a point’ between three relatively movable‘ parts, which are‘ a base ill; a slider'l I, and a flexible. apron ii. The base It] has upstanding side walls 15 with the groove l8 and the/front or discharge en‘d ofv portion I‘! of the base is provided with a cross astheslider-movement- continued, the apron bight the floor‘ H; with the gummed edge G moistenedv andlocatedv remotefrom the groove l8.~ inwardly projecting upper guide ribs [6 for a‘ part of the'length-from" the discharge'en‘d, these 20 The slider‘ l-l~v is now pushed inward (toward the left in Figs. 2; to-5)‘. Therounded-nose- causes’ ribs‘ l6 being omitted‘ above the charging point; the material of the slack loop of the apron- t‘obe The spacing" of these side walls‘ corresponds to‘ pushed over the tobacco T lying inlthepocket‘ and, the desired length‘ of the cigarette. The floor groove l'8‘at which charging is e?ectedand whose 25 between the baseand the» slider and inthe groove ‘[8, with its charge oftobacco, is transferredintoe sizewserves to measure the amount of tobacco for the cross-groove of the slider H. (Fig. 3»). As the the cigarette. -The‘floor'and side walls provide slider moves, the apronpasses aroundtheroundedj ‘a trough-like structure which is ‘open at both ends. nose after travelling around the curved walls or? A dowel l9 extends upwardly from'the floor. The slider ll is'long'er‘than' the basev and‘ has 30 the- slider cross-grooveland causes-‘the tobacco‘ T to be rolled over and over and compactedzi'nt'o a rounded'nos‘e at its advancing end (toward the cylindrical-form? The progress of the’ rolling left in Figs; 2 to 5), with a-large-radius are 21: tobacco: T brings it. onto the‘ paper P, and: the smoothly merging'with the planetoplof 'the’slider, apron guides the paper around; the- tobacco (Fig. and having at the extreme end of the slider a 4) until the advancing edge is brought against? lesser radius arc 252 which ends- essentially in the plane of the'bottom of‘ thev body of 'the slider. 35 thevpaper' still ?at‘ on‘ the floor I‘! and then the other surface of thiswrapping. paper. is contacted Behind the nose, a crossegro‘ove 23 is formed; by with the moistened adhesive, and the rolling con. curved wall surfaces which provide a‘ pocket‘ to tinued. It will. be noted that the slider may be, receive the tobacco during rolling; the rearward left at rest, after the paper has “disappeared” wall having its junction with‘ the plane bottom into the cross-groove in the slider, to assure stick of the slider at a dihedral angle 24 less than 90 ing and: setting. of the adhesive, if desired. degrees. This‘ groove- 23 has a smoothly curved he ?nal movement of the slider H brings its wall which for a major part is a circular semi nose beyond the floor I? (Fig. 5), and the taking cylinder of a size closely corresponding to the de up of slack in the apron l2 causes ejection of‘ sired diameter of the cigarette. The bottom of 45 the ?nished cigarette X. the slider has a longitudinal groove 25, coopera The device is now ready to form a new cigarette tive with the dowel [9 for limiting the movement ‘ by withdrawing the slider II, and proceeding as of the slider. before. The apron I2 is ?exible, and preferably is of During the early part of its movement, the rubberized cloth, which does not cling tightly to ' particles of the tobacco, and has resistance 50 slider is held between the floor l1 and the por tion of the apron looped about the pin 21, and can be rocked about a traverse axis (dotted line the apron has hems at each end; one hem being positions of apron and. slider, Figs. 1 and 2) and looped around the cross pin 21 which is seated in the sidewalls l5 near the rear end of the base, 65 back during the initial inward sliding movement, to start the forming; and the apron has a length against elastic stretching. In the illustrated form, 2,404,242 4 coordinated with the length of the ribs l5, so that the slider H must enter below these ribs essentially at the time the tobacco T is being transferred from the groove l8 into the groove 23. 2. A cigarette roller comprising a base having a cross-groove therein to provide a tobacco measuring pocket, a/ slider movable. along the The slider and belt have a total looseness of about one-sixteenth of an inch in the space between the base and having a cross-groove spaced from the front end thereof, and a ?exible, essentially non ?oor IT and the guide ribs 16, during the'rolling and assembling positions of the operation, which ' permits ‘the sliding movement but also produces pressure upon’ the tobacco cylinder which is being formed. extensible apron fastened at its ends to said base, the slider beingv movable along said base beneath the apron and in its rearmost‘position exposing The base l0 may be made of a singlepiece‘of i l, _ wood,,plastic, etc., or can , engaging the wall of the slider cross-groove during the relative movement. be of‘ severalrpieces , 7 the base groove whereby the apron may be tucked into the base groove for receiving the tobacco, said apron having longitudinal slack [for posi tioning rearward of the base groove to permit an secured ?xedly together, as indicated 'in‘Fig. 6.‘ " initialdmovement of the slider past the base~ The pin 21 is illustrated as of uniformdiameterv groove until the grooves are 'alined, the slider from end endwalls and having holes in thetoside l5; so that a force-?t by'for'cing vingthe the1 ~ groove'having'a size and form for receiving a bight of the apron and thetobacco and causing pin 21 endwise, it can be inserted in andjremoved I rolling thereof as the slider advances and for from the base for assembly and disassembly‘ of I‘Ollll'igarolllld. .the tobacco‘ a, wrapping, paper I the. device. I Such dowel pivot pin assemblies are 20 originally positioned on the apron between the well-known as, for example, in the Pollak Patent base groove‘ and they discharger end of the base. 3. A cigarette roller. comprising a trough-like No. 194,928 and‘ thdLigOri Patent No; 1,925,640. ‘When it is desired to include a ?lter in the cigarette, the ?lter plug E (Fig. 1)"m'ay be laid in the tobacco pocket during charging: ‘and then it ‘also is rolled and wrapped by the paper during thev operation. 7 ,1- ‘ I I r base having inwardly extending guide ribs 'on'its 25 side Walls, a slider movable along and closely ?tting the walls of the base, the floor of the base having a cross-groove therein, said slider having a rounded’ nose and'a cross-groove in its lower y The employment of the two cross grooves I78 . surface adjacent said nose, and a ?exible, essen and. 23 permits accurate formation of cigarettes 30 of com of uniform size andihaving a tightness pasting as, desired by the user. The groove 18, withthe apron therein, permits themeasuring tially non-extensible apron fastened at its vends of the-desired amount of tobacco,the maximum con?ned by the base ?oor and the‘ guide ribs amoxunt'being indicated by v?lling of~the groove. to the base and ?tting therein for conforming to the said base ?oor and the‘cross-groove thereof during charging, said slider being guided‘ and during . its ?nal sliding forward movement. 4. A cigarette roller having a base with'a cross groove therein, a slider movable along the base and having a cross-groove which is alined with 7 By compactingthe ‘tobacco in the groove, a ‘frtighter” '?ll or harder cigarette is produced. The transfer of, the :travellingbight of the apron, with itscharge of tobacco, into the close-embracing cross groove23, causes therolling and compress they base cross-groove during an early part of such relative movement, and a ?exible, essentially non-extensible apron fastened at its'ends to the base and having 'a length greater than the dis! tance betweenthe ends of the baseeffe'ctive to form a bight between the ,base' and slider and engaging the wall' of the slider cross-groove during the relative movement; said slider having a rounded nose at its front edges for facilitating ingof the mass preliminary torand duringlthe operation of wrapping‘ it: and thisrcompressing isafunction?of the hard and shape-maintaining walls of this groove rather than of the ?exible but essentially non-extensible belt itself, so that the cigarettes having an essentially/predeter mined diameter regardless of the amount of the charge; The, device is capable of rolling various the sliding of said'ap'ron therearound during the . kinds of tobacco such as shredded, crimp-cut, relative movement, said slider cross-groove having 50 the major portion of its 'wall of circular semi broken leaf, etc. , It is obvious that the illustrated form may be modi?ed Within the scope, of the appended claims. “What is claimed; , » V , _ l. A cigarette roller having a base with a cross cylindrical shape for guiding .a partof the apron bight while acting through 'theviapro'nrfor coin-y pressing a "charge of'tob'ac'co in said bight. ' 5. A cig'a ette roller as in claimyl, in which the groove therein, aslider ‘movable along the base 55 slider has a plane bottom for movement . along a j and having a cross-groove which, is alined ,‘with plane surface of the ibaysetanyd the slider cross the base cross-groove. during an early part of groove has the edge of the rearward part- of its such relative movement, and a ?exible, essentially wall joining the slider bottom at a dihedral angle non-extensible apron fastened .at its ends to the less than 90 degrees,‘ base and having a length greater than the ‘dis 60 ' tance between the_'ends‘ of the base effective‘ to form a bight between the base and slider and mom 'GU'Y Moss.