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Патент USA US2404242

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~ July -_16, 1946.
L. G. Moss
Filed March 13, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ‘
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July 16, 1946.
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Filed March 13, 1945 I
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Patented July 16,’ 1946
' 2,404,242
Lionel Guy Moss, Dun-bar,‘ WL- Va.
ApplicationlMarch 13, 1945,¥Serial N0..58'2;5-1‘0'
5 Claims. (Cl. Idle-~51‘)I
This invention concerns a simple; cheap and‘
easily operated device for‘rolling ‘cigarettes; and
which by its compactnessv and lack of protrud
ing‘ parts can be carried in the‘ pocket‘ or stored
in a drawer.
An illustrative form of construction is shown
on the accompanying" drawings,‘ in‘ which:
Figure 1 is a perspective View of the device
with the parts in position to be charged.
the other‘hem‘ beingfastened-to the front" of the
base. The width of. the apron" closely conforms
to the spacing between theside walls‘ l5‘iso that
it‘ can lie ?at on the floor portion I1; while- its
length permits it to'be’ tucked“ into the charging
groove" l8 andalsoto form a' slack loop between
the groove and thepin 21‘ (see Figs; 1 and-2).
In operation, the slider II is withdrawn to” the
position of Figs; 1 and 2. Theapron l2' is’tucked
Figures 2 to‘ 5 are longitudinal sectional views 10
intothe'cross-groove l8‘, as-shown in these ?gures;
showing the successive positions? occupied during
charging and rolling:
Figure 6 is a cross-section substantially on line
6—6 of Fig. 4.
with-its slack rearward‘ of'the-groove'. Tobacco T
is then loaded intoi'the pocket formed-by‘ the'beltlf
as- shown in Fig. 2, with the size of the groove l8'
serving to measure the quantity; and‘ a paper P‘
The structure is‘ illustrated as consisting‘ of 15 is
placed ?at upon the apron at- a point’ between
three relatively movable‘ parts, which are‘ a base
ill; a slider'l I, and a flexible. apron ii.
The base It] has upstanding side walls 15 with
the groove l8 and the/front or discharge en‘d ofv
portion I‘! of the base is provided with a cross
astheslider-movement- continued, the apron bight
the floor‘ H; with the gummed edge G moistenedv
andlocatedv remotefrom the groove l8.~
inwardly projecting upper guide ribs [6 for a‘
part of the'length-from" the discharge'en‘d, these 20 The slider‘ l-l~v is now pushed inward (toward
the left in Figs. 2; to-5)‘. Therounded-nose- causes’
ribs‘ l6 being omitted‘ above the charging point;
the material of the slack loop of the apron- t‘obe
The spacing" of these side walls‘ corresponds to‘
pushed over the tobacco T lying inlthepocket‘ and,
the desired length‘ of the cigarette. The floor
groove l'8‘at which charging is e?ectedand whose 25 between the baseand the» slider and inthe groove
‘[8, with its charge oftobacco, is transferredintoe
sizewserves to measure the amount of tobacco for
the cross-groove of the slider H. (Fig. 3»). As the
the cigarette. -The‘floor'and side walls provide
moves, the apronpasses aroundtheroundedj
‘a trough-like structure which is ‘open at both ends.
nose after travelling around the curved walls or?
A dowel l9 extends upwardly from'the floor.
The slider ll is'long'er‘than' the basev and‘ has 30 the- slider cross-grooveland causes-‘the tobacco‘ T
to be rolled over and over and compactedzi'nt'o
a rounded'nos‘e at its advancing end (toward the
cylindrical-form? The progress of the’ rolling
left in Figs; 2 to 5), with a-large-radius are 21:
tobacco: T brings it. onto the‘ paper P, and: the
smoothly merging'with the planetoplof 'the’slider,
apron guides the paper around; the- tobacco (Fig.
and having at the extreme end of the slider a
4) until the advancing edge is brought against?
lesser radius arc 252 which ends- essentially in the
plane of the'bottom of‘ thev body of 'the slider. 35 thevpaper' still ?at‘ on‘ the floor I‘! and then the
other surface of thiswrapping. paper. is contacted
Behind the nose, a crossegro‘ove 23 is formed; by
the moistened adhesive, and the rolling con.
curved wall surfaces which provide a‘ pocket‘ to
tinued. It will. be noted that the slider may be,
receive the tobacco during rolling; the rearward
left at rest, after the paper has “disappeared”
wall having its junction with‘ the plane bottom
into the cross-groove in the slider, to assure stick
of the slider at a dihedral angle 24 less than 90
ing and: setting. of the adhesive, if desired.
degrees. This‘ groove- 23 has a smoothly curved
he ?nal movement of the slider H brings its
wall which for a major part is a circular semi
nose beyond the floor I? (Fig. 5), and the taking
cylinder of a size closely corresponding to the de
up of slack in the apron l2 causes ejection of‘
sired diameter of the cigarette. The bottom of 45 the
?nished cigarette X.
the slider has a longitudinal groove 25, coopera
The device is now ready to form a new cigarette
tive with the dowel [9 for limiting the movement
‘ by withdrawing the slider II, and proceeding as
of the slider.
The apron I2 is ?exible, and preferably is of
During the early part of its movement, the
rubberized cloth, which does not cling tightly to
' particles of the tobacco, and has resistance
50 slider is held between the floor l1 and the por
tion of the apron looped about the pin 21, and
can be rocked about a traverse axis (dotted line
the apron has hems at each end; one hem being
positions of apron and. slider, Figs. 1 and 2) and
looped around the cross pin 21 which is seated in
the sidewalls l5 near the rear end of the base, 65 back during the initial inward sliding movement,
to start the forming; and the apron has a length
against elastic stretching. In the illustrated form,
coordinated with the length of the ribs l5, so
that the slider H must enter below these ribs
essentially at the time the tobacco T is being
transferred from the groove l8 into the groove 23.
2. A cigarette roller comprising a base having a
cross-groove therein to provide a tobacco
measuring pocket, a/ slider movable. along the
The slider and belt have a total looseness of about
one-sixteenth of an inch in the space between the
base and having a cross-groove spaced from the
front end thereof, and a ?exible, essentially non
?oor IT and the guide ribs 16, during the'rolling
and assembling positions of the operation, which
' permits ‘the sliding movement but also produces
pressure upon’ the tobacco cylinder which is being
extensible apron fastened at its ends to said base,
the slider beingv movable along said base beneath
the apron and in its rearmost‘position exposing
The base l0 may be made of a singlepiece‘of i l, _
wood,,plastic, etc., or can
engaging the wall of the slider cross-groove
during the relative movement.
be of‘ severalrpieces , 7
the base groove whereby the apron may be tucked
into the base groove for receiving the tobacco,
said apron having longitudinal slack [for posi
tioning rearward of the base groove to permit an
secured ?xedly together, as indicated 'in‘Fig. 6.‘ "
initialdmovement of the slider past the base~
The pin 21 is illustrated as of uniformdiameterv
groove until the grooves are 'alined, the slider
from end
and having
in thetoside
l5; so that
a force-?t
the1 ~ groove'having'a size and form for receiving a
bight of the apron and thetobacco and causing
pin 21 endwise, it can be inserted in andjremoved I
rolling thereof as the slider advances and for
from the base for assembly and disassembly‘ of
I‘Ollll'igarolllld. .the tobacco‘ a, wrapping, paper I
the. device. I Such dowel pivot pin assemblies are
originally positioned on the apron between the
well-known as, for example, in the Pollak Patent
base groove‘ and they discharger end of the base.
3. A cigarette roller. comprising a trough-like
No. 194,928 and‘ thdLigOri Patent No; 1,925,640.
‘When it is desired to include a ?lter in the
cigarette, the ?lter plug E (Fig. 1)"m'ay be laid
in the tobacco pocket during charging: ‘and then
it ‘also is rolled and wrapped by the paper during
thev operation.
7 ,1-
base having inwardly extending guide ribs 'on'its
25 side Walls, a slider movable along and closely
?tting the walls of the base, the floor of the base
having a cross-groove therein, said slider having
a rounded’ nose and'a cross-groove in its lower
The employment of the two cross grooves I78
. surface adjacent said nose, and a ?exible, essen
and. 23 permits accurate formation of cigarettes 30
of com
of uniform size andihaving a tightness
pasting as, desired by the user. The groove 18,
withthe apron therein, permits themeasuring
tially non-extensible apron fastened at its vends
of the-desired amount of tobacco,the maximum
con?ned by the base ?oor and the‘ guide ribs
amoxunt'being indicated by v?lling of~the groove.
to the base and ?tting therein for conforming to
the said base ?oor and the‘cross-groove thereof
during charging, said slider being guided‘ and
during . its ?nal sliding forward movement.
4. A cigarette roller having a base with'a cross
groove therein, a slider movable along the base
and having a cross-groove which is alined with
7 By compactingthe ‘tobacco in the groove, a
‘frtighter” '?ll or harder cigarette is produced. The
transfer of, the :travellingbight of the apron, with
itscharge of tobacco, into the close-embracing
cross groove23, causes therolling and compress
they base cross-groove during an early part of
such relative movement, and a ?exible, essentially
non-extensible apron fastened at its'ends to the
base and having 'a length greater than the dis!
tance betweenthe ends of the baseeffe'ctive to
form a bight between the ,base' and slider and
engaging the wall' of the slider cross-groove
during the relative movement; said slider having
a rounded nose at its front edges for facilitating
ingof the mass preliminary torand duringlthe
operation of wrapping‘ it: and thisrcompressing
isafunction?of the hard and shape-maintaining
walls of this groove rather than of the ?exible
but essentially non-extensible belt itself, so that
the cigarettes having an essentially/predeter
mined diameter regardless of the amount of the
charge; The, device is capable of rolling various
the sliding of said'ap'ron therearound during the .
kinds of tobacco such as shredded, crimp-cut,
relative movement, said slider cross-groove having
50 the major portion of its 'wall of circular semi
broken leaf, etc.
, It is obvious that the illustrated form may be
modi?ed Within the scope, of the appended claims.
“What is claimed;
_ l. A cigarette roller having a base with a cross
cylindrical shape for guiding .a partof the apron
bight while acting through 'theviapro'nrfor coin-y
pressing a "charge of'tob'ac'co in said bight. '
5. A cig'a ette roller as in claimyl, in which the
groove therein, aslider ‘movable along the base 55 slider has a plane bottom for movement . along a j
and having a cross-groove which, is alined ,‘with
plane surface of the ibaysetanyd the slider cross
the base cross-groove. during an early part of
groove has the edge of the rearward part- of its
such relative movement, and a ?exible, essentially
wall joining the slider bottom at a dihedral angle
non-extensible apron fastened .at its ends to the
less than 90 degrees,‘
base and having a length greater than the ‘dis 60
' tance between the_'ends‘ of the base effective‘ to
form a bight between the base and slider and
mom 'GU'Y Moss.
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