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Патент USA US2404272

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‘ July 16',
_T_ F, ¢|-|||7DER5
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TERYMI'I‘E common DEVICE
‘ 2,404,272
’
Filed Nov. 27; 1945
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Inventor
7207/? C204 0525
3mm . ‘
Patented July 16, 1946
2
2,404,272 -
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
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2,404,272
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TERMITE CONTROL DEVICE
Troy F. Childers, Joplin, Mo.
Application November 27, 1943, Serial No. 511,973
1
2 Claims. (01. 21-63)
My invention relates to a device for exter
mination of termites. There are many different
species of termites but this invention is concerned
with dealing with those termites only which may
occasion,serious damage to woodwork of build
ings or to stored articles, including furniture,
books, or other articles of plant origin. The com
mon type of destructive house termite of North
America includes ground-nesting forms that
cannot live without moisture, which they get
from the earth. These termites occur practically
throughout the United States.
The normal habitat of these termites is in
connection with dead wood, old stumps, etc, on
which they feed, and in such locations they may 16
establish large colonies containing queens, wing
2
Everyyear it costs property owners consider
able sums to replace or repair property which
the worker termites have ruined to provide food
for their colony. '
' l
The way to stop the damage caused by ter
mites and to keepthem from causing damage is
to prevent them from getting into the wood of
buildings as by treating the wood in accordance _‘
with the present invention. It is universally "
agreed that where wood is used, it should be
treated with chemical preservatives to render the
wood more resistant to attack by termites.
It is, therefore, necessary to'impregnate the
Wood with some chemical preservative of which
there are many on the market, but such impreg—
nation must be thorough. It is now the aim of
this invention to provide a device for the pur
less workers, and soldiers. In spring and fall,
males and females, white winged but with black
pose of very completely impregnating the lumber '
or brown bodies, swarm from the outdoor col
and woodwork in buildings or other structure,
onies, or from buildings to which their work has 20 with a chemical wood preservative.
extended, to seek favorable points outdoors for
Such a. device is illustrated in the accompany
the establishment of new colonies. The swarm
ing drawing, and the method of using the same
ing, or ?ying termites do not attack wood or other
described in the following.
articles in houses and must reach the open if
they are to be successful in founding new col 25
In the drawing:
‘
‘
Figure 1 is'a side elevation of the device con
onies. The descendants of these winged mi
sisting of a container partly in section as ‘at
grants, the “white ants'” are the destructive mem
tached in position on the wood which is being
bers of the colony which shun the light and are
impregnated,
concealed behind a protecting shell of wood and
Figure 2, also in elevation, is a view of the
30
are seen only when‘ the wood in which they are
container in reversed position ready for ‘attach
working is broken open. The invasion of build
ing on the wood, and
V
ings by termites invariably always has its source
Figure 3 is a fragmentary section of the por
from outdoor communities through foraging tun
tion of the container where the feed tube is
nels made by the workers under the surface of
the ground. Thence, chance contacts made with 35 In the different ?gures the same reference
buildings of wood or with the structural wood
characters represent the same details. Numeral
of masonry buildings supply a rich granary of
I0 is a container of any suitable shape and ma
food for such termites. Entry through basement
terial such as an ordinary tin can and of a ca
pacity of a pint or more for the liquid preserva
timbers takes place, although the invasion may
not be recognized by the owner'for several years. 40 tive intended to be injected into the wood. After
The worker termites can bridge over stone or
?lling, the container is sealed top and bottom
as seen in Figure 2 which represents the same
concrete foundations, by means of earth like
in up-side-down or inoperative position before
shelter tubes built of earth and wood particles,
attaching the same against the wood H.
and they are'able to build buttressed tubes reach
ing, without lateral support from external source, 45 ‘A strip of metal I2 is soldered to one end of
up from the ground, in the effort to contact with
the container and is intended as a knee-bracket
structural timbers. In the type of buildings em
when properly bent for securing the container
in upright or operating position, see Figure 2,
ploying structural wood timbers with concrete
foundations, a common means of entry to the
and the strip is maintained in properpposition
timbers is cracks in the concrete used as base
‘ by means of a nail I3 or the like.
for wood joists for basement ?ooring. Such
Element [4 is a short tube which is secured by
joists absorb moisture from the concrete founda
means of a ?ange [5 against the side of container
tion with some resulting decay and then, when
in near one end thereof and extends inwardly
made accessible through cracks, furnish an ideal
through a small opening IS in the side wall of
start for the termites.
the container ID a short distance from the end.
secured.
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2404372
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3
The outer end of the tube is closed by means of
a plug of solder I‘! or the like. A short distance
from the outer end of the tube, l4 the same is
< nickedor scored as at 18.
Preparatory to fastening the ?lled container
against the woodwork II, which may be any
suitable structural wood member of a building
such as an upright wooden member of such a
~
4
V
Having described
the invention, what is
claimed as new is:
~
1. A'gravity actuated reversible device in com
bination with an object of ‘wood for preserving
the wood from the destructive action of termites,
said device being adapted respectively for in
operative and operative positions and comprising '
a closed container for a liquid insecticide, a tube
with a ?ange attached to the yvall of av perma
building or a timber, a hole ‘, of the size of the
free end of the tube 14 should be bored into the 10 nently‘ open outlet near one end of the-container,
said tube extending into a hole in ‘said object of
wood in horizontal direction, see Figure 1.' Next
,wood
and arranged to cooperate with the wall
step is to break off the tube 14 at the nicked por- 1 , .
tion l8 leaving the bore open for the seeping out‘ -‘ "structure of said hole to permit said container
of liquid from the container for impregnating '~ to be swung about the axis of the tube from one
a knee-shaped bracket fas
The precaution must, however,“ be, 15‘ position‘to‘another,
tened
on
said
end
of
the container, said bracket
' taken that the container is held in its up-side-'
a-bend directed towards the center of
down position shown in Figure 2'an'd alsoi'by; -having
the ‘container and " its free shank bent back
dottedflines in Figure 1, until the tube I4’ :.,is
against the adjacent face of said object with the
the wood.
fully entered'into the bored hole in the wood.
container in upright position and means se
Unless this procedure is "followed, it will be evi 20 curely attaching said shank againstv the wood
dent that a great amount of the impregnating
object thereby supporting the container ‘?rmly:
liquid‘ would be spilledvand go to Waste.
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in upright, operating position on the wood ,-ob
As soon as the tube [4 has been entered fully
into the hole and the can, up-side-down,_ con 25
27. A gravity-actuated reversible deviceliorpre
tacts with the wood, the can or container Ill is
serving woodfrom the destructive action‘ of ter- ~
turned upward as shown, by full lines in Figure 1
mites, comprising a closed container for a liquid
and. secured in positionby nailing the‘ knee
insecticide having an opening therein at one-side
near one end, an outlet tube secured in; said
bracket l2 fast to the Wood. The‘end of the
tube 14 having previously beenbroken o?,;as 30 opening at one end, and having a flange adjacent
ject;
already described, the liquid preservative is-now
free, actuated by gravity, to seep into the wood
and spread outthrough its capillaries and thor
oughly penetrate and permeate all ‘thewood to
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to'said end abutting’ the vwall ofthe container
around said opening, said tube having its outer
end plugged and provided with a frangible por
tiongspaced from said plugged‘end, saidgtube
make the structure unsavory and uninhabitable 35 adapted to extend- into a hole in a 'Wood object
with the container=in an 'inverted-positionwith
to the termites and thus save the woodworkfrom ' . the tube uppermost, aftersaid end is brokenoff,
initial» damage or, ultimate destruction.
and thenturn in said hole as thencontainergis
"The cross section of. the container is'imma'terial'
about the axis of the tubeét'o disposerl’the
and it may be either square, circular,rectangular, .407 rotated
container in insecticide: supplying positionwith
octagonal or even cone-shaped‘; Instead of metal,
on account'of its present scarcity, some plastic
the tube ,at-the bottom to-permit the liquid-in
secticide to flow fromthe- container and‘through
or other material maybe used.
the tube from its openend to seepv into and ‘per; 7
v
f
,
,
It is understood that the ‘invention as here
meate the-wood, and a» bracket iasteneditoithe
disclosed is not limited to the details'herelde .45 container adjacent tosaidltube and-provided with
scribed and shown but that the same may be
means for securing the same to the wood with-the
varied without departing from the spirit woiffthe
invention asde?ned by the subjoined claims.
container uppermost in an upright position...= a .
w
1
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TROY F. CHILDERS:
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