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Патент USA US2404296

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July 16, 1946.
w. w; KOTTAS
2,404,296
BOWLING GAME
Filed Aug.‘ 4, 1945
I WITNEISSES:
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4 Sheets-Shget 1
Ju1y16, 1946.
w. w. KOTTAS
‘ 2,404,296
BOWLING GAME
Filed Aug. 4, 1945
WITNESSES:
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4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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I is, ATTORNEYS.
July 16, 1946}.
W. W. KOTTAS
- 2,404,296
BOWLING GAME
Filed Aug. 4, 1945
W36 M40.
4 sheets-sheet s
INVENTOR
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BY
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ké.) .ATTORNEYJ‘
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July 16, 1946.
w. w. KOTTAS
2,404,296
BOWLING GAME
Filed Aug. 4, 1945
4'Sheets-Sheet 4
WITNESSES:
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BY
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ATTORNEYS
2,404,296
Patented July 16, {1946
UNITED ‘STATES ~PATENT" OFFICE"
Walter W. Kottas, New lliensington, Pa.
Application August 4, 1945, Serial No. 608,860‘
10 Claims. (01. 273-40)
1
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.
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2
This invention relates to simulated bowling
' jecting lugs 4 that are attached to the upper rear
games, and more particularly to a portable bowl
ing game adapted to be played in a home or the
corners of the base by vhorizontal. pivot pins 5 so
that the side panels can be swungfupwardly when
'
desired. The rest of the rack consists of a pair
It is among the objects of this invention to pro
of vertically spaced horizontal plates 1 and 8
vide a game closely resembling bowling which is
which are rigidly ‘connected by vertical side plates
simple but interesting, which can be played in
9 (Fig. 3) secured to panels 2 some'distance be
limited space, which is readily portable, which is
low ‘ their tops. The horizontal plates extend
inexpensive, in which the pins can be reset. by
fromthe back of the side panels forward into the
the players from a distant playing position, and 10 baseout of which they swing-when the rack is
in which the players control return of the ball
tilted.
without moving out of playing position.
As shown in Fig. 2, the top plate 1 of the rack‘
In accordance with this invention a rack is
is provided with ten staggered slots H arranged
pivotally connected on a horizontal axis to a port
in the. pattern formed by ten-pins 'set up in a
able base adapted to be set on the floor or on the
bowling alley. Each of these slots has straight
ground. An arm is operatively connected to the
parallel side walls and a forwardly tapered front
rack from which it projects rearwardly. A line,’
wall thatform's. a point on the front end of the . 1
connectedto the rear end of the arm, extends
slot. ' Directlyr below the point ‘of each slot there
is an enlarged opening 12‘ (Fig; 3) through the
forward above the rack with its front end adapted
to be held by a. player. .A_ ball is suspended from 20 bottom plate of the rack. A vertical rod 13 ex
the line along which it is movable by gravity in
tends through each of these openings and up‘
either direction, depending upon the relative
through the point of the slot above it. Above the
heights of the opposite ends of the line. A plu
_ top plate the rod is bent to form a horizontal‘
shoulder l4 that‘normally rests on the plate in
rality of pins are loosely anchored to the rack
in such a manner that they can be knocked down 25 front of the slot. To keep the shoulder directed
by the ball as it travels over the rack. Prefer
forward, the rod beneath ‘the bottom plate is bent
ably, the pins are mounted on the upper ends
forward and then upwardly to form an upwardly
of upright members which are movable down
extending section It that extends loosely through
wardly in the rack when the pins are struck by
another enlarged opening ll in the bottom plate.
the ball. The position of the line transversely of
Theupper end ‘of this section of the rod is bent
the rack may be controlled by the tension on the
at-right‘ angles to limit downward movement of
line. Higher tension swings the rear end of the
the rod in the rack. When shoulders [4 are rest
arm upwardly so that the ball will travel back to
ing on the top plate, all of the rods extend above
the player. When the tension is increased still
the rack. Bowling pins l8 are rigidly mounted
further the arm tilts the pivotally mounted ra'ck 35 on the upper ends of the rods above the base. ‘ It
sui?ciently to cause the'pin-supporting members
will be seen that if any pin is struck hard enough
to move back to their original position and thus
from the front, the shoulder M of its supporting
reset the pins.
‘
rod will be knocked back off top plate ‘I and into
The preferred embodiment of this invention
the associated slot H, and the rod will then slide .
is illustrated ‘in the accompanying drawings in. 40 ‘ down“ through both plates so that the pin car
which Fig. 1 is a side view of .my bowling game
ried by it will, drop down ‘below the other pins,
with a man playing it; Fig. 2 is an enlarged plan
as shown in Fig.3. Due to the length and width
view of the game; .Fig. 3 is “a vertical section taken
of the'slots and to their tapered front ends, a
.on the line III-III of Fig. 2 but showing two of
pin also can strike other pins as it is knocked
the pins knocked down; and Fig. 4 is a vertical
‘back in the rack by a direct hit or a glancing
section similar to Fig. 3, but showing the rack
blow.
I
,
'
tilted far enough to have reset the pins.
Projecting rearwardly from the base and rack
Referring to the drawings, a heavy sheet metal
is an arm Zllformed from parallel side members
base I has an inclined front wall and side walls
that ‘extend horizontally away from the base for
like, or outdoors.
that diverge downwardly somewhat. 'The top.
50 a ways and then are curved upwardly with their
and bottom and back of the base-are open. ' Piv-.
rear ends integrally connected by a cross mem
otally connected to the back part of the base is a
rack having parallel vertical side panels 2. . The
lower ends of the panels are connected by a tie
ber 2i. “ The side members have front and rear
sections, the front ends of the rear sections 24
being removably mounted in sockets 23 formed
rod ‘3, while their upper ends have forwardly pro! 55 in theqrear ends of the .frontsections 22, The
gnomes .
.
' 3
front ends of the arm are connected to the side '
‘
walls of the base by horizontal pivot pins 25
' are retained by pivot pins 28.
The upper ends
of the links are connected by pivot pins 29 to
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'
4
allows the arm to return to its original position in
readiness for the second ball. When the arm is
l . so that-therear end of the arm can be swung up I
‘ and down. The arm‘ normally is held in its hori- ‘
zontal position by links 21 the lower ends of which
project into slots in the arm sockets where they
I
meantime. Consequently,v the ball trolley rolls
back 1to the player who holds the ball and then
swung upwardly. to merely return the ball, links
' 27 cause the ‘pin rack to swing on pivots 5, but
the arm is not moved far enough to tilt the rack
to the point where the knocked-down pins will re- 7
the‘upper, rear corners of the side members of I
set themselves.
.
-,
On the other hand, after a player has'made a
10
the rack directly in back of pivots 5..
strike or has twice rolled the ball down line'3l
As shown inFig. 1, a flexible line 3|, such as a
toward the pins, he pulls on the line more strongly
wire or a strong cord, is connected to the rear
than before so as to raise the arm high enough to ‘
end of the arm and extends forwardly above the
tilt-the rack nearly bottom-side-up, as shown in t
pin rack to a player. The front end of the line‘
Fig. 4.. As the rack starts to turn over, the weight
15
may carry a ?nger ring 32 by which it can (be
of the pins causes rods l3 to slide down through
drawn taut. A two-wheel trolley 33 is mounted
rack plates '1 ‘and 8 until their shoulders l4 again
on the line and has a depending member 34 from1
hook over top plate 1 at the front ‘ends of slots 1 I.
which a bowling ball 35 is suspended. By holding
Tension on, the line then is reduced to permit the
the front end of the line higher than‘its rear end, '
the trolley will roll down the line and, by prop-; 20 arm to swing the rack back to its original position
with the pins projecting'above the base ready to erlygpos'uioning the‘line,‘ the ‘ball will strike the
be knocked down by the next contestant}, as shown
pins‘ as it passes over the rack;
‘
inFigl.
‘
" The rear end of the line preferably is connected
It is highly desirable that the rack should be
to oneside of the arm and extends inwardly along
cross member 2!, ‘and through a curved passage‘ 25 tilted into pin resetting position before the arm
has swung up far enough to fall forward. This
result is accomplished in my game as'is apparent
from Fig. 4 where it will be seen that long before
31in‘ a'positioning block-3'8 slidably mounted on
thecrossmember, as shown in Fig. 2‘; ' The ends
of this passage are at one side of the block and at
thefront'of it, and the line is slidable through the;
the arm has traveled 90°,the rack has swung
‘ passage. ' The position of the block transverselyv
about'135". ‘The reason for this lies in the linksv
of the arm determines the lateral position of the
rearend of the line relative to the arm and rack.
The‘ block is biased toward the side of the arm
opposite to the side to which the line is attached.‘
27 and the relative ‘positions of pivots 5, 25, '28, and
This may be accomplished by'providing the lower‘
portion of the block with a curved passage'thei
ends ‘of which are located at the'bottom of the‘
block and at the side opposite passage 31.‘ A wirev
29. _ To prevent a player from‘ accidentally pull
ing‘the arm so far that it will fall forward, stops
‘ are ‘provided that limit the forward travel of'the
arm. vThus, the sides of the base are notched at
their upper edges to provide lugs M that are
bent outwardly-into the path of side panels "2. As
7 shownFin Fig.4, the side’ panels 2 W111 strike
against these lugs and prevent the arm from
or strong cord ?g'attached to the side of ‘the arm
.
extends through this passage and carries a weightv 40 swinging farther forward.
til below the block.‘ The weight tends. to cause
the cordto move the block toward one side of the
j ' ar'm,but'when lines [is pulledpit moves the block
7 toward the opposite side of the arm. Therefore;
In playing this game it is unnecessary ‘for the
players to approach the pins, because all opera
tiOIISfZJ‘G'COIltI‘Oll?-ld from a distance byvarying
the tension on ‘line'3l,
‘
the lateral position of the rear end of the line 45 ‘According to the provisions of the patent stat
utes, I have explained the ‘principle and construc
can be controlled by the tension on the line." In
tion of my invention and have illustrated. and de
Fig.‘ 2 the tension on the line is just ‘su?icient to
scribed what I now consider ‘to represent its best
move block 38 to the center of cross member 2 I.
embodiment. However, I desire to‘ ‘have it un
‘ 'In playing this game a'player stands the proper
derstood that, within thescope of the appended
distance in front of base I and picks up the ring
claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise
312 on the free end of line 31. At the same time he
thanas speci?cally illustrated and described.‘ j
hooks “one ?nger around member '34 of the ball
I claim:
.
'
trolley.'_ He then pulls the line taut and holds it
1. A bowling game comprising abase, a rack,
at a heignt that will assure the ball striking the
pinsas the trolley passes over them. The player 55 means pivotally connecting therack to the base
on a vhorizontal axis to permit the‘ rackto be
pulls the line hard, enough to move positioning
tilted, an arm operatively connected to the rack
block 38 to the desired position along cross mem
and projecting rearwardly therefrom, .a'line, con:
ber 2i, so that the line will extend over the pin
nected to the 'rear end of the arm and extend
that the player wishes the ball to strike ?rst. As
soon as the ball has been aimed, itis released and 60 ing forward above the rack with its front end
adapted to be held by a player, a ‘ball suspended
is carried by the trolley‘ down the inclined line‘
and across the pin rack where it knocks down one
orfmore pins. Referring to Fig. 3, a front and a
rear pin ‘have been‘ struck, and the shoulder [4 of:
their supporting rods 13 have been knocked back 65
off top .plate 1 so that the two rods and pins have
droppeddown in the rack, leaving the rest of ‘the
pins standing for the player’s second try.
from the line and movable ‘bygravity along it‘,
and ‘a plurality of pins loosely anchored ‘to the
rack ‘and adapted to be knocked down by ‘said
ball,v extra pull "on the front end of the line serv-v
ing to lift the rear end of said arm for ‘returning
said ball to the player and'for'tilting therack
to reset the'pins.
v
v
.
2. A bowling "game comprising a base; a‘ rack.
The player then pulls on the line to- move posi
tioning block 38 against the side of the‘arm to 70 means pivotally connecting the rack to therbase
on a horizontal axis to permit the rack to be
which the line. is fastened. Continued pullfon
tilted, an arm pivotedto the ‘side of the base
the line swings the arm upwardly to the broken
below said axis and projecting rearwardly from
line position shown in Fig. 1 until the line is well
the ‘base,’ falink ‘pivotally connected to the ‘arm
above base I, and its rear end is higher than the playerfs vhand which has been lowered in ‘the 75 and ‘to the upper ‘part of the rack behind, said
52,404,296
55
‘6
axis, a line-connected-to'the rear end or the arm
and extending :forward above therack with its
front end adapted to be held by a player, .a ball
suspended from the “line and movable by gravity
along it, and aplurality of pins loosely ‘anchored
to the ‘rack and adapted to‘be knocked down by
said ball, extra'lpull on the front end'of theline
and normally projecting ‘above it, ‘and: a pin‘ sup
extra pull on' the front end of the line‘s'ervingto
lift the rear end of said arm‘ for returning said
ball to the player and for tilting the rack to
serving to lift the rear end of said arm for re
turning said ball to the player and for tilting _
to their original position in the rack.
ported by the upper end ‘of each of said mem-.
bers, said members being movable'downw'a'rdly'in
the rack when said pins are struck by the ball,
cause said upright members to return by gravity
-
on a horizontal‘ axis to permit thelrrack'to be
7. A bowling game comprising a base, a rack,
means pivotally connecting the rack to the base
on a horizontal axis to permit the rack to be
- tilted, an arm operatively connected to the rack
tilted, an arm operatively connected to the rack
and projecting rearwardly therefrom, a line con
is nected to the rear end of the arm’ and extending
"the rack to reset the pins.
‘
‘
3.“A bowling ,game comprising a base,‘~a" rack,
meansi pivotally connecting the, rack'tothe base
and projecting rearwardly therefrom, a line con
nected vto the rear endv of the arm and extend
forward above the rack'with its front end adapted
ing forward above the'rack with-its frontend
adapted to be held‘ by ‘a ‘player, a trolley mounted
to be held by‘a player, a ball suspended from the
line and movable bygravity ‘along ‘it, said ‘rack
on the line for, rollingv along it when the line is
having vertically spaced plates the upper one of
inclined, a ball suspended from the trolley, and a 20 which is provided with a plurality of slots. the
plurality of pins loosely anchored to the rack
lower plate being provided with openings, a ver
and adapted to be knocked down by said ball,
tical rod extending through each slot and at least
extra pull on the front end of the line serving to
‘ one of said openings below it, said rod extending
lift the rear end of said arm for returning said
above .the upper plate and having a shoulder nor
trolley to the player and for tilting the rack to 25 mally resting thereon in front of said slot, and
' a pin mounted on the upper end of each of said
reset the pins.
4. A bowling game comprising a base, a rack,
rods, said shoulders being adapted to be knocked
means pivotally connecting the rack to the base
back off said upper plate and into said slots when
on a horizontal axis to permit the rack to be
the pins are struck by said ball, whereby said rods
tilted, an arm operatively connected to'the rack 30 drop down in said rack plates, extra pull on, the
front end of the line serving to lift the rear end
of said arm for returning said ball to the player
and for tilting the rack to cause said rods to slide
and projecting rearwardly therefrom, a line con- '
nected to the rear end of the arm and extend
ing forward above the rack with its front end’
adapted to be held by a player, a portion of the
back to their original position with their shoul
line at the rear end of the arm being movable 35 ders hooked over said upper rack plate.
8. A bowling game comprising a base, a rack,
transversely of the rack when the line is pulled
lightly by the player, a ball suspended from the
line and movable by gravity along it, and a plu
rality of’ pins loosely anchored to the rack and
adapted to be knocked down by said ball, heavy 40
means pivotally connecting the rack to the base
on a horizontal axis to permit the rack to be
tilted, an arm operatively connected to the rack
and projecting rearwardly therefrom, a line con
pull on the front end of the line serving to lift
~ nected to the rear end of the arm andextending
the rear end of said arm for returning said ball
to the player and for tilting the rack to reset the
forward above the rack with its front end adapted
to be held by a player, a ballsuspended from the
line and movable by gravity along it, said rack
'5. A bowling game comprising a base, a rack, 45 having vertically spaced plates the upper one of
which is provided with a plurality of slots, the
means pivotally connecting the rack to the base
lower plate being provided with a pair of open
on a horizontal axis to permit the rack to be
ings below each slot, a vertical rod extending
tilted, an arm operatively connected to the rack
through each slot and having its lower portion
and projecting rearwardly therefrom, a position
ing member slidably mounted on the rear end of 50 bent upwardly to form two sections slidably
mounted in the pair of openings beneath said
the arm for movement laterally across it, means
slot, said rodvextending above the upper plate
urging said member towards one side of the arm,
pins.
and being bent to form a shoulder normally rest
ing thereon in front of said slot, and a pin mount
, which it extends forward above the rack with its 55 ed on the upper end of each of said rods, said
a line anchored to the opposite side of the arm
and slidably connected to said member from
shoulders being adapted to be knocked back off
said upper plate and into said slots when the pins
are struck by said ball, whereby said rods drop
member toward said opposite side of the arm, ‘
down in said rack plates, extra pull on the front
a ball suspended from the line and movable by
gravity along it, and a plurality of pins loosely 60 end of the line serving to lift the rear end of
said arm for returning said ball to the player
anchored to the rack and adapted to beknocked
and for tilting the rack to cause said rods to
down by said ball, heavy pull on the front end
slide back to their original position with their
of the line serving to lift the rear end of said
shoulders hooked over said upper rack plate.
arm for returning said ball to the player and
65
9. A bowling game comprising a base, a rack, I
for tilting the rack to reset the pins.
means pivotally connecting the rack to the base
6. A bowling game comprising a base, a rack,
on a horizontal axis to permit the rack to be
means pivotally connecting the rack to'the base
front end adapted to be held 'by a player, light
pull on the line serving to slide said positioning
tilted, an arm operatively connected to the rack
on a horizontal axis to‘ permit the rack~to be
and projecting rearwardly therefrom, a line con
tilted, an arm operatively connected to the rack
and projecting rearwardly therefrom, a line con 70 nected to the rear end of the arm and extending
forward above the rack with its front end adapted
nected to the rear end of the arm and extending
to be held by a player, a ball suspended from the
forward above the rack with its front end adapt
line and movable by gravity along it, said rack
ed to be held by a player, a ball suspended from
having vertically spaced plates'the'upper one of
the line and movable by gravity along it, a plu
rality of upright members carried by the rack 75 which is provided with a plurality of slots‘, each
230:4,2 9.6 '
i of said slotsrhaving substantially parallel §ide
walls with ‘a forwardly, tapered front- ‘wall,
lower ,plate being provided with openings, a, vent '
' tioal rod extending through each slot andat 163,5];
7 one "Of said openings, below‘. it, ‘said, rod extending
above the upper plate and having a shoulder nor;
mally resting thereon in fiiqntv ofly‘said Slot, and,‘ a
" pin mountedpntlie upper ens! oieach?f vSaid
‘rods, said shoulders being. adapted t9 be knoeked
'back off said upper‘plate and intosaid slots when .19
the pins are struck 15y said ball, whereby said rods
dropl'down in said rack plates, extra‘ pull on the
' 1 front end of the line serving to lift the rear end
of said, arm‘for returning said ball tonthle player
and for tilting the rack to cause said rods to slide
back to their original position'with their shoul
ders hooked over said éupper rack plate.
I‘
‘10. -A bowling game Comprising a base, a rack,
means pivotally connecting the rack to the upper
portion of the base on; a horizontal; axis tuner
mitithe rackxtoi be tilted, an‘ armpivotedto oppo,
site sides ofgthe baseivbelo'w. and in front of said
axis; said arm. projecting ' irearwardly tram; the
lbase,.a.:1ink pivotally ‘connected-at its upper'end
to the rack behimsaid axis; means pivotally .con- i '
nefcting the; I lowernend. of the slink " to ., the arm
below and behind said axis, a line connected-t0
the‘ireanend of the arm-and extending forward
above the rack withvits .front end adapted to vbe
held byta playelf; avball suspended from'the line
and movable by‘ gravity along it, randaplurality
of pins looselyanchored to ‘the: rack and adapted
to be knocked downgbyysaid ball, .vextra vpull on
the front ;-end of the line vservingjzo swing said
arm’ upwardly,’ whereby, saidlinks swing the rack '
towardqupside down position [to cause said pins
to reset. themselves ‘by gravity’; - ; V»
V i
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