Патент USA US2404308код для вставки
July 16, 1946. J. MAGDUS 2,404,308 VEHICLE WHEEL FiledA Jan. l5, 1945 w IIIA @1. Patented July 16, 1946 2,404,308 ‘ i¿,¿f-,UN1T~ED‘ STATES PATENT OFFICE ’ A , - » - >,>„2,404,303 . A „ _ - ' a ` VEHICLE WHEEL _ o Joseph Magdus, Chicago, Ill, Application January 15, 1945, serial No, 572,826 6 claims. (o1. 301-6) 2 ` tending from the disc portion I9 outwardly‘to This invention relates to a reversible vehicle wheel or the like. ward each 4face of the Wheel, and each such U formation being formed by the inner flange 20 and outer iiange 2I. Thus, the hub member is not only of double H formation, but is also of a plu rality of double U formations both on each side of the disc portion of the wheel and also on each ' YAmong `other objects,` the invention aims to provide a strong, durable wheel which may be made in part of sheet metal stampings for light nesslof weight and rigidity, While at the same time effecting enhanced economy of manufacture. In one aspect, the invention discloses such a side of the axis of the wheel. wheel in which a brake drum member is‘/ provided integrally with the wheel itself. ' " In an important aspect, also, the wheel is made soas Íto be of duplex character or reversible, so that either face of the wheel may be placed out wardly of the 'vehicle without reversing the tire, , In other words, in any cross-section of’ the 10 Wheel by a plane intersecting the axis and extend' ing in the direction of the axis as shown in Fig ure l, there are one such H formations appear- ' ing on each side of the axis and two such U forma tions on each side of the axis, making two H for the tire valve` being nevertheless accessible at the 15 mations in all and four U formations. ' outer fajce of the wheelin either position. The inner ilanges 20 'of the wheel disc I9 con ’ Another object is to provide such a wheel which stitute a cylindrical hub proper for the wheel, the is simple and may be readily adapted for inter outer ends of which may each be similarly coun changeability `in varied uses and styles of ve vterbored as at 22,1;0 receive the anti-friction de hicles, While retaining ' important advantages 20 vices each of which is represented by the numer herein more particularly ,pointed out. ' ' als I2--I3--I4. Since the hub may be identical on Thesev and other objects will be apparent from thefollowing description, taken together with the both faces of the Wheel and _desirably is as Shown the Wheel is thus reversible, as will `later be more accompanying drawing, of an illustrative embodi particularly pointed out, and may be placed on 25 the axle Iii in either direction. ment of the invention, and in which drawing The flanges 2l of the disc I9 of the Wheel have 1 >Figure 1 is a verticalv sectional View of a wheel .a two-fold function also. Each „annular face following the present invention, Vone form’ of >at represented by the inner faces of the annular tachment to an axle being exemplined, and the flanges 2| on each side of the central disc por tire being indicated in dotted lines; ,and Figure 2 is a somewhat reduced face viewof 30 tion I9 provides mounting means in the nature the wheel of Figure 1 removed from the axle and i of a, brake drum for a brake band generally in-V the tire ,being omitted. dicated in dotted lines by the numeral 23 for the 'Referring in detail to the illustrative construc usual cooperation with a brake shoe similarly in dicated as by the numeral 24, the details of which tionshown in the drawing, the numeral I0 in dicates an‘axle illustrative of such a vehicle part 35 brake mechanism are conventional and need not upon’which the wheel of thev presenty invention may be mounted, the axle having a bearing por tion II and anti-friction> bearing devices, each comprising the usual annular series of cone bear-' ings I2 and concentric races I3 and I4 interposed between the axle bearing portion and the wheel hub, a washer I5 and securing nut I6 being there after >engaged 4with Vthe outer threaded end I1 of the axle. " ' " i o " be here further described, it being the purpose of the present disclosure however to provide a wheel which is thus capable litself of serving as the mounting for the brake mechanism and for- » providing a double mounting in the sense that each face of the wheel provides such va brake drum mounting whereby the wheel is reversible as here contemplated. ’ Y ' ' , The wheel as here shown also includes a plate In accordance with the present invention, the 45 member and in the embodiment here illustrated a ’ hub member of my improved Wheel is of one piece and preferably formed as here shown in the draw pair of plate members 25 each of which is also annular with their inner edges secured, as for example by weldingas at 26, vto the outer edges ing and indicated by the numeral I8. This hub of the outer flanges 2| of the wheel disc portion member, in this instance, as shown, being of double H formation in diametrical‘cross-section, 50 I9. Intermedially, the plate members 25 ‘are as seen fromlî‘igure 1 and comprising an annular advantageously annularly' frusto-conical or disc-like portion I9 which has a single web lying troughed as at 21, for enhanced strength andY ' in a plane medial of the wheel and perpendicularv are flared apart at their outer edges as at 28. ' to its axis, an H formation being formed on each Finally, the Wheel includes a rim member in , side of the axis bythe double U formation ex 55 dicated by the numeral 29. This rim member is 4 or rib 39 which isV annular and is annularly re - ceived between the 'flared edges 23 of the 'plate' claims without departing therefrom. here claimed is: with the usual constructiony of wheels in _this . - ' ' Y member secured to -said rim, and a one-piece hub member-of double H formation in diametri cal cross-,section secured centrally `of gsaid plate respectively Yin a felly 32,`which is in accordance ' ' 1 tion with Va rim'member therefor, of a plate ¿ the rim member extends outwardly toward each 1 Y 1. Ina reversible vehicle wheel, the combina From this inner annular bead 3U face of the wheel and terminates at these faces particular. ' The invention having been described, what is members 25, and may be serviceably welded there to as at 3|. , be made as fall within the scope of the followingV ' of the drop center type and has a central bead 10 member, said 'h_ub V'memberßintegrally,"comprising, ' Y _a brake drum and providing a pair of brake drum ~ The usual pneumatic tire may now be mounted t on the rim 29 of Vthe'wheel and I provide means ,. „members at each faceV ofV therwheel.> '_ 'I'he structure of claim 1 wherein the hub ' vwhereby, the valve stem of the tire may be member is of double H formation in cross-section whereby> the wheel is reversible and wherein a rendered accessible from either face of >the wheel Yso that the wheel may be reversed while carrying Y hub cap Vmemberis provided engageable with said with it the conventional tire here 'indicatedin ,Y y ' dotted lines by the numeral 33 and Withoutany ' l lbrake'drum at either face of the wheel. tire valve accessible from either face of the wheel. To this end, and as here shown„I pro-l vide a tire valve opening 34 in the center of the ' rib portion 30 ofthe wheel rim and communi cating with plate openings. I have, arranged a `pair of`> openings 35 in reach of the plate membersv 2.5.» To [seal these openings -35 against entry of dirt or thevlike to the hollow interior space be tween‘the plate membersr 25, I'may provide a tube` 36 which is received in the Vopening S5 and has inwardly and oppositely directed V-,shaped V,endsconforming to the trough-like contourï2î 1 , i ' 3; In a reversible vehicle wheel or the like, th combination of a >one-piece hub part havingran axle receiving portion, asíngle web disc portion thing being done7 other than this,V to render the 1 and a pair of brake'drum'forming portions in- , ' tegrally provided by said one-piece 'hub part, said brake drum portions extending outwardly of said disc portion on eachside thereof and >facing re spectively in opposite directions on opposite sides of _the wheel, ,a pair of plate parts VannularlyV encirclingY and secured to the said brake drum forming portions, tire valve openings î inV saidv plate parts registering on Qppositersides _of the ` ' 3,0 dotted lines by the numeral 38. The closure 36 may bevwelded to the plate members as at 39 fannularly about the opening 35. ' , ' ` ‘Itwwillbe Vunderstood that the closure 3S is Wheel, and a rimgpart carried by the plate' parts, said plate parts being secured to'saidïrim part,> The K closureßß has a perforation ,therein as at 3l registering with the perforation 3,4 to admit the valve stem here indicated~ in ofthe plates. and Vsaid rim part having a tire valve >opening communicating with said openings in the,V plate y parts. 4. Thefstructure of claim 13 wherein aïtubïef> » like closure open at 'each end is received in "saidY Vopen at -bothrends conforming to the openings 35 so that Ythe fingers of Yoneîs hand maybe passed openings in the plate_`parts torseal the space ,between the plateparts from access and wherein said closure has an opening.‘communi'eatingV with throughÍeither of these openingsfto reach the the opening in theV rim part. ` valve stem cap dll forfthe purpose of unscrewing ' 5„ïn a reversible vehicle wheel Qor the, like, ' 1 , >the combination of a one-,piece hub part having or replacing this cap and for they purpose of pass-` an axle receiving> portion, a central disc portion ing to the Vvalve stem the service end of an air and a pair of brake drumiorming portions in hose (not shown) for replenishing the air supply `of the tire in the usual way, the openingsäë 45 tegrally :provided by said one-piece ïhu'b part, Still carrying out the “reversible character Vof, jsaid brake drum portions extending outwardly of said disc portion on' each side Ythereof 'and facing vlthe wheel, vthe usual'hub cap M' is adapted for respectivelyY >in opposite directions» on oppositeY being large enough for this purpose. y A use'with myrimproved wheel and the wheel isv so arranged that the hub cap may be placed over 50 whichever Vface of the wheel happens to be out- Y rward Vat any particular time. As representative ` of this adaptability and for illustrative purposes, `I here( show the hub cap M as having a'n inner Vannular flange 42 which may be pressed by a 55 snug friction'vñt ’into the inner annular face of , l the outer .hub flange 2l, thus Vcovering and pro- , `tecting> the axley nutfjlßvr and the anti-friction sides of the. wheel, a pair of plate parts annueV larly encircling and secured to the said brake drum forming portions, and a wheel'riml part carried _by the plate parts,fsaid plate »parts be-j> »Y Y, ing secured >to'said rim part.V ' 6. In aV vehicle Wheel >or th'erlike,Y the'V combi-y,V -r nation of a one-pieceïhub part having an axle receiving portion, a radially extendingy disc por tion and an annular flanged brake drumk portion, `- said flanged portion extending axially on eachV side of said disc portion, a?plate part annularly ` ' ' f„bearing " It ’_i'sgrt'o ai? the be V,understood cuter., end,I ofV that the'axle. the invention ' „ is encircling and secured to 4the said flangedïpor-> ¿not intendedfto belimited'to detailsof construc 1 tion, and a wheel rim »part encirclingv and rse- g tion here shown for purposes of Vexempliñcation ofthe present invention, and'such changes Vmay cured tothe .plateparu f ' " " ' ' Josern MAGDUS. '