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Патент USA US2404317

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July `13, 1.94.6«
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TAPE
APPLIER
Filed March 29, l9<45
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' 2,404,317
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Patented July 16, 1946
, 2,404,317
Y UNITED STATES PATENT y' >foi-‘HCE »_ *i
, 2,404,317
TAPE APPLIER
Leroy L.. Salfisberg, South OrangaN.Y J., assìgnor
to Ivers-Lee Company, Newark, N.' J., a corpo
ration of Delaware
Application March .29, 1945,` Serial No. `585,405
12 claims. (c1. 21o-_21)
l
.2,
I .This invention relatescto` a machineifor dis
, pensing .and for applyingY to, an article, >such .as a
f ` invention shown in Figures 1 to V5., inclusive, `the
gummed tape dispenser includes afcasing or hous
package, adhesive strips or sheets, for example;
ing formed of metal or Aother suitable material
normally tacky , or pressure-sensitive adhesive
having a base I and< side Walls 2 and 3'Ífo-rmed
tape sold under the trade-mark “Scotch” A 5 with inwardly extending flanges 4 and 5, respec
. machine of this type is disclosed `in my patent `Re
tively, at their front edges between whichilanges
issue 22,418 dated January 11, 19,44.l
A primary object Yof my invention is to >provide
a machine whichshall embody novel and, vim
the tape to be app-lied is projected. Thebase Y
’ extends upwardly slightlyat thel rear to iorinïa
wall extension 6, and .the base may bevprovide'd
proved means for dispensing pieces of Ytape of.
predeterminedlength into aJp-redetermined po
with rubber’buttons ‘I .or the like for restinglfo’n
sition 4to „be received bythe finger of the oper
.ator or to be engaged by a portion of an article,
such as a package, upon movementrof the latter
top,
Within
bottom,
thefront
casingjis
and rea
a frame
. '
indicated „gener.
v
in various directions.
vA linici-,her object _is
_
K.
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.
.
providejsuch a machine
,that is> simple Vand inexpensive in construction
,and reliable and durable.
Y
'
, Another object is tov provide 'su-cha 4machine
-in which all oi the motive power necessaryto 20
operate it in normal use is supplied by the move
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any suitablesupport. 4Thefc'asing is open at the
ally at 8 which is pivotally mounted on a pin 9
extending ,between the walls 2_ and 3 adjacent the
rear wall extension 6. The frame comprises a
plate ID formed with an upper integral ilange
portion I I VV‘disposed transversely thereof v,and
forming `a closure forthe opper open end ofthe
casing and with a flange portion I _2.along its bot
tom edge.
ie upper ilange Il ends ata point
ment of the articles that are taped or sealed.
remote from the irontof the casing and is pro
StillA anothery object is to provide a machine
vided with a downwardly ¿extending vertical
of .this character which can'be manually oper
flange portion I3 spaced inwardly ofits end. The
ated by a 'relatively unskilled operator and -with i; #lower îiiange I2 extends upwardly at the `front of
a minimum of attention and physical effort. '
the casing forminga support I4 for a. knife I_5
‘ 'Yet -another object is to provide in a machinel
whichV has its edge disposed horizontally across
‘ofthe general character described novel and im
the opening at the front of the casing,
proved means 'for withdrawing in succession pre
Rotatably mounted on> the plate I0 by vmeans '
determined lengths of tape from a roll or strip, ¿1; Vof `ra shaft rI6 isa drum I'Ißfor supporting a roll
_for vsevering pieces of the tapefrom thenroll or
I8 of vadhesive tape. One type of `adhesive tape
strip and for projecting and holding the severed
with which my dispenser and applier may be
pieces in position to be gripped Vin the ñngers
utilized is what is known as “ScotchWtape which
of lthe operator lor to beàengaged by an article 4to
generally comprises a strip of crepe’paper, Cello
which the piece of tape is to be applied. y
_
;phane, or the like to-one side of which is applied
Other objects, advantages _and yresults o'f the
a normally tacky or pressure-sensitive adhesive.
Vinvention’ will be brought out bythe following .
filapeV can be unwoundV from the roll without -
description in connection with the accompanying
transfer or offsetting of theV adhesive and the ad
hesive `may be caused» to adhere to a surface by
' Figure l is a vertical sectional view of a gummed f40. simple application of‘ pressure and without ~acti
tape applicator embodying my invention showing
vation of the adhesive as by water, >solvents or
the parts in inoperative position, with the frame
heat.¿ The strip I9 of adhesiveis vunwound from f
drawings in which
for sup-porting the movable'parts ingopen posi
ltion in dot and dash lines.
Figure 8 is a sectional view taken on the plane
of the line 2--2 of Figure 1.
'
the roll I8 and passes.upwardly.v between a guide
spring 2i! .secured to the ilanger I3 and a guide
roller» 2i mounted on a stud 22 secured to the
plate I0 whereby the tape may be guided and
Figure 3 is a front View of the applicator.
Figure 4 is ya fragmentary sectional view show-`
pulled upwardly and forwardly through the
Figure 6 is a fragmentary sectional view of a
locate the free end portion'thereof. in a prede
termined position to be engaged by the linger of
opening in the front of the casing between thev
ing the parts in operative position.
vflanges 4 and 5.
- Figure 5 is a sectional View taken on the plane 50
Within the casing is also arranged meansior
of the line 5-5 of Figure 2; feeding the strip I9 ofadhesive material so as to
modiñed form of :ny-invention.
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` Figure '7 is a plan view of the device of Figure 6.
the operator. This feeding means includes a le
Specifically describingthe 'embodiment of the 55 ;-ver 23 whichîvislpivoted to _the plate I0 adjacent
or like support 3l> with the wall 35 disposed hor
izontally and slightly above the top side of said
support. The end of theadhesive strip projects
normally upwardly through the opening in the
the bottom thereof as indicated at 24, which is y
eccentric to the pivot shaft I6 of drum i1. Lever
23 is in the form of a ñat bar and normally eX- '
tends upwardly and forwardly of the casing with
its outer end protruding through the opening in
top wall of the casing and the 'lever 23 is normal
ly disposed vertically and has a flat disc 38 of
rubber or the like with a curved outer edge 4U on
its outer end instead of a ñn'ger piece as in Fig
the front of the casing between the ñanges 4 and
5. At its outer front portion, the'leveris curved
and bent'around upon itself to form a seat 2_5
Yure 1. The knife I5 is located below the plane
which is in alignment with the strip of tape. .A 10 of said top wall of the casing.
In using this form of the invention, the oper
gi , spring
I0 and 21
its having
other end
onetoendv
the fastened
lever 23 serves
to the to
plate"
re-’
ator pushes the box 35 to which adhesive tape
e turn and maintain the lever in normal position. , is to be applied along the top wall of the casing
Pivotally mounted on a stud 28_on_ the leverV 2,3 ; „ in the direction of the arrow as shown in Figure
is another lever 2_3, which lever is positioned' 15 6 whereupon the adhesive tape is pressed between
the disc 38 and the end of the boxlso that the
alongside of lever 2'3 between it and the side wall
for a finger piece 26 formed of rubber or the like _
2. At its outer end, lever'29 carriesîa .barf 3U Y. tape isadhesively attached >to the box. Then the _
_operator continues to move the box in the same
which extends inwardly, over and across the.y
direction against the influence of the spring 21
strip I9 of tape. Adjacent its inner end, the le-"
ver 29Y is formed with an elongated slot-,3l vand 20 whichcauses the disc to be moved by and with
V¿the box Vuntil the disc and lever end is _forced
"extending _through said ' slot and through >_an
_ forwardly and Vdownwardly throughv the _opening
l _ fopen'ing' 32 in _the lever 23 is‘a stud 33 secured'in
:the plate
m.
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""olid _lines in VFigure 1,"wîth
_
‘g Y
,as ’shown by dot >and dash lines7 pulling the ad
`
‘In voperation ofthe machine so far described,
Íthepartsnormally are in the position shown by
hesive tape along into contact with the knife I5.V
25 During this movement of the lever 23, the'strik
the
_ end of thel ad
e‘strip projecting through the opening _at '
whe rrp/n1;Y ofthe
casing“- and directly above and in
A‘ing lever 29 is actuated and strikes against the
tape thereby ysevering the same. At the same
VYtime, the. curved edge of the'disc wipes over the
Ãsevered piece of tape to securely attach the 'lat
tor `places hisfiinger over the end of the strip: 30 __ter to the box. When the box is lifted by the op
erator, the lever 23 _will be swung in the other
“and *presses' down _ on Ythe_ Vfinger lpiece thereby
direction under the influence of spring 2_1, push
moving-the lever 23_iabout1its pivot pointagainst
ing the adhesive tape before itesc Vas to again
, ',thfe influençelof spring‘21 whereupon due to the
project the end of the strip through the opening
Y :eccentric mounting of the lever 23 with respect to
in thel top of the casing. _ '
Y
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` `_the jdrum jll, the-strip ofv tape will be pulled
Changes in details of construction might be re
-forward Yandj downwardly. Simultaneously with
sorted to without departing from the scope and
Íthe "movement of lever 23, owing to the slot
spirit
of the invention and Iy desire to be limited
the
connectionrbe
"fand `stud 3! _and 33 _and 29, ,thev latter lever
.only by the state ofthe »prior art and the append
' tween 'said ' lever and _ _lever
Íalignmentv withjthe finger piece 26,. Theopera
„Íwill ’be ' swung J
'round its pivot point 28 40 ¢ed claims.
withV .the outer end thereof moving down
"wardly, so` that the bar 30 ' carried thereby
' „strikes the strip of tape >with a sharp blow at a
_What I claim is:
.point adjacentto and inwardly of the knife edge 45
Lfand as thestrìp of tape4
is being .heldby the finger against the finger piece
' `,l5 as shown'in Figure
26, the'strip .will _be"severed, the severed portion
to be _sub
_clinging .to the finger of the' operator
_ _
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l. In a machine' ofthe `character described, a
,roll of adhesive tape, means for feeding said tape
longitudinallyto locate its free end-portion _in a
predetermined position to be received by the z‘finger
o_f the operator, said feeding means including a
pivoted Vlever having its free end normally posi
tioned under and adjacent the free end ofthe
‘the lever 23 willbe'swung upwardlyfunder the in
tape whereby said tape end is adapted to be held
between the finger and lever end, the pivot point
of said leverand the point of rotation of said roll
y'ñuence of spring 2'!v carrying lever 29 along with
beingso positioned relatively that upon manual
_ it tothe normal position of the parts as shown
movement of the lever by the finger pressing upon
zsequently applied by him to the artlcle.
Uponrelease of‘pressure on the V1in-ger piece 26,
ÍinlFigure l. During this upward movement, the 55 said tape end, said strip of tapeV will be pulled
strip î
longitudinally to said predetermined position.
Víingerpiece 26 will engage the portionïof the
_
lextending outwardly beyond the roller 2|Y and
move it upwardly to its normal position as shown
v2. A machine of, the character described com
prising a casing, means in said casing forY rotat- _
ably supporting a roll of adhesivetapehaving a »
1, the plate I0 and its as
pressure-sensitive adhesive on one side exposed.
Ís'ociatedparts can be swung upwardly and rear-~ 60 means for feeding said `tape longitudinally to
~ ,'wa‘rdlygab‘out’its` pivot pin 9 clear of the casing
vlocate its free endA portionrin a predetermined
f Referring toV Figure
_walls vand base tothe dotted line'position shown
whereby the roll of adhesive tape can be readily
,mounted on or removed from the drum _and the
parts may be readilyïnspected or repaired and -'
_reloaded with tape.
Avmodiñcation of the invention is shown in
Y»Figures 6 and 7. For convenience and clearness,
-,the structure of the mechanism is shown sub
stantially the same as in Figures 1 to 5 inclusive, ~
with the exception that- the side of the casing ,
throughwhich the lever 23 projects has a flat
or straight ñange or wall 35 along which may be
'slid a package 36 to which tape is to be app1ied._
'The casing may be set in a hole in a table topt v
Y position to be received by the'finger of the oper
ator, said feeding means including a pivoted lever
having its pivot point disposed eccentrically of
the point of rotation of said tape and having one
end normally positioned undery and adjacent the
` »free end -of the tape whereby said tape end is
adapted to be heldbetween the finger and lever
end, a knife supported in said casing, a Vstriking `
lever pivotally mounted on said feeding lever
and a slot and stud connection between said
striking lever and ïsaid frame wherebyY „upon
manual movement ofthe feeding leverby thev
finger the striking lever is moved in 'an arcuate
2,404,317
5
path for striking the tape adjacent said knife
upon movement of the latter in one direction,
to sever said tape.
3. A machine as defined in claim 2 character
means for applyinga piece of said strip material
to said article including a feeding lever having
its free end normally disposed at the side of said f
free end portion of said strip material opposite
said article so that said strip material will be
ized by spring means for restoring the parts to
normal position.
4. A machine of the character described com
prising a casing having a front opening, a sup
porting plate in said casing, means on said plate
for rotatably supporting a roll of adhesive tape
' pressed between said article and said lever and
adhesively attached to said article upon move
ment of the article in one direction, said lever
having a pressure-sensitive adhesive on one side 10 being movable by and with said article during
exposed, means for. feeding said tape longi
continuation of said movement of said article
tudinally to locate its free end portion in said
so that said strip material will be pulled fromv
front opening to be received by the finger of the
said roll, and means for severing said strip mate
operator including a lever having one end pivot
rial at a point between said roll and the portion
ally connected to said plate and its other free end
of said strip attached to said article, said sever
protruding through said opening, a linger piece on
ing means including a knife blade and a striking
said protruding end and positioned under and
' lever actuated by said feeding lever for forcing
adjacent the free end of the tape whereby said
said strip material into engagement with said
tape end is adapted to be held between the finger
knife blade.
and said finger piece, the point of rotation of said 20
9. A machine of the character described, com
roll and the pivot point of said lever being so dis
prising means for supporting a roll of adhesive
posed relatively that upon manual movement
strip material with its free end portion in a pre
of the lever by the ñnger pressing said tape end,
determined position to be engaged _by an article
said tape is pulled longitudinally and in an arcuate
upon movement kof the latter in one direction,
path, a knife on said plate in the path of arcuate 25 -means for applying a piece of said strip mate
movementl of said tape, a striking lever pivotally
rial to said article including a feeding lever hav
mounted on said feeding lever and a slot and
ing its free end normally disposed at the side of
stud connection between said levers whereby`
said free end portion of said strip material oppo
movement of the feeding lever is imparted to the
site said article so that. said strip material will
striking lever for striking the tape adjacent said 30 be pressed _between said article and said lever and
knife to sever the tape.
adhesively attached to said article upon move- ~
5. A machine of the kind defined in claim 4
ment of the article in one direction, said lever Y
characterized by a spiral spring having one end
being movable by and with said article during
fastened to the plate and its other end fastened
continuation of said movement of said article
to the feeding lever for restoring the parts to 35 so that said strip material will be pulled from
normal position.
said roll, and means for severing said strip mate
6. A machine of the character described com
' rial at a point lbetween said roll and the por
prising a support for a supply of tape with one
tion of said strip attached to said article, said
end portion free, and means for feeding a pre
severing means including two relatively movable
determined quantity of such tape including a 40 parts one of which is a knife blade and the other
member movable toward and away from said roll
of which is actuated by said feeding lever.
support and against which said free end portion
10. The machine set forth in claim '7 wherein
may be pressed so that said member and said
said severing means includes two relatively mov
tape will move together and pull tape from a
able parts, one of which is a knife blade and the
supply on said support, and means for severing 45 other of which is actuated by said lever.
the tape including a knife blade and a striker
,
11. The machine set forth in claim '7,` wherein »
actuated by said member for forcing the tape into
said severing means includes a knife blade and
contact with said blade.
a striking element actuated by said lever for
7. A machine of the character described com
forcing said strip material into engagement with
prising a support for a supply of tape with one end 50 said knife blade.
portion free, and means for severing a predeter
12. Ina machine of the character described,
mined quantity of such tape including a lever
the combination with a roll of adhesive tape with
having its swinging end normally located beneath
one end of the tape projecting freely from the
said end portion of said tape so that said tape
roll, of means for feeding said tape longitudinally,
may be pressed against said lever to move there 55 said feeding means including a pivoted -feeding
with, said lever being pivoted relatively to said
support so that when said tapeis pressed against
said lever and with sufficient force to swing said
lever having its free end normally positioned
adjacent the free end of the tape, said roll and
said lever being so disposed relatively that upon
lever in one direction a predetermined distance
manual movement of the lever in one direction
a predetermined. amountV of tape will be pulled 60 with the end of said tape held against movement
from said supply, and means for severing said
relatively to said lever, said tape will be pulled
tape at a predetermined instant during said move
longitudinally and unrolled from the roll, means .
ment of said lever.
for severing said tape including a` knife dis
8. A machine of the characterl described, com
posed in the path of movement of the tape, and
prising means for supporting a roll of adhesive 65 a striking lever operatively connected to the feed
strip material with its free end portion in a pre
ving lever for striking the‘tape adjacent the knife.
determined position to be engaged by an article
LEROY L. SALFISBERG,
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