Патент USA US2404382код для вставки
July 23,- 1946. y , , ‘ R. A. KLEIN FRUITV CUTTER ‘AND- SQUEEZER ' Filed April 2'1. 1944 ' l ‘2,404,332 Patented July 23, 1946 ,irai d’UNI.Tru) *sï'i‘nîl‘iisî>î 'PATE-NT., ‘OFFICE I FRUIT cnfrrîntíiïïrîîi SQiUEEzElRl i ` 'l v Robert A. Klein, New York,- N. Y.; assîgnor ofion‘e half to Abraham Kraus, Brooklyn, N. Y. , f' Application April 21, 1944, serialrio, 532,032"v 9 Claims. (Cl.> 10Q-42) " ' '1 This invention relates to a machine for ex’-l v ably mountedin 'guide‘ways'âä and 34 formedin 'tracting the juice from fruit, such as oranges or lemons. Inv the usual squeezer the fruit is first out in halfv and then the two halves are squeezed'se'p arately. the standard or pedestal il. The rack-teeth' 35 of the rack bar"3§2 mesh with a gear 35» which is mounted on a spindle 31 _rotatably carried by the standard I I. Any‘suitable rotating means for the spindle I3-l may be provided; 'such as the handles 38 and 39, or a crank may be'used ifdesired. ‘The'cone ZZ'has'formed therein slots @il dis posed in alinement''with"theV knives 23ï~and- 2li to This invention has for its object to provide a machine so constructed and arranged that the fruit will be cut and squeezed in one operation. Another object of the invention is to provide a permit’the‘passage o_f these knives `'through the machine of the character described having means f ' cone as the-cone 22 is moved downwardly over-the forejecting the squeezed skins from the squeezer afterthe squeezing operation has been completed. Further objects of the invention will appear from the following specification takenY in'connec tion with the drawing which forms a part of this l application.' and in whichl A Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional' elevation of a device -constructed- in accordance with the invention; Fig. 2 isa transverse sectional plan taken lsub stantially on line 2-2'of Fig. 1 and looking in ' the direction of the arrows; and Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation taken substantially . on line 3~3 of‘Fig. 2, looking in the direction of conel Inorder I3. An to eject 'opening the 4l; skins receives from the’iixedícone -the pinï I3 after the squeezing operation has been com pleted', a plurality of electing members lili* are mounted in the cone I3, these members-‘being normally disposed with their outer surfaces’flush with the outer y'surface ofthe cone. Each of 'the members 43 has secured thereto and extending downwardly therefrom a link Afl, these Ylinks hav ing vtheir lower ends pivotally mounted in a col lar’ßâ mounted on the upper end of a downwardly extendingfrod y¿lli which'is slidablyfmo'unted in a bearing 41 formed ‘in the base I2 'which supports , the arrows. ` 25 theV cone I3. In the particular embodiment'oi the inven- - ' on pedestal A lever 5i! is mounted on a pivot llt II `and is pivo‘ted't'o the lower .end of therod 46' and 7a spring 5l 'normally holds the tion illustrated there- is shown a- standard having a base IU anda vertical bracket or pedestal II. leverY inthe position shown` Vin Fig. 1. ‘ » A The squeezing apparatus> comprises a bracket or In order tof eject the skins from the cone I3îthe base I2 fixed to the upright I I and having a cone 30 outer-` end of' the lever‘âll is depressed to exert or >íixed conical member I3 secured thereto and ` extending upwardly therefrom. The base I2 has a upward’pressure and cause the ejectors ¿ißto move outwardly through the cone i3 andeject the skins circular trough I4 formed therein having an out let spout I5 for conducting the juice therefrom. "From'theforegoing specification it will -be clear The ñxed conical- member I3 has projecting up 35 that a> simpleiand practical squeezing device has wardly from the top thereof and axially disposed ' ' been designed`r in such a manner that the whole thereon, a spike or pin 20 for supporting an orange fruitV may be ‘cut‘and squeezed thereon in- one therefrom. y ' f ` ' ' 'v y 2lI or other fruit. continuou'sïbperatienf 'without necessitating the cutting of the fruit into halves. Furthermore, it is squeezed between the base or fixed cone I3 40 after the squeezing operation has been completed, In order to cut the fruit into sections before and a movable cone 22, knives 23 and 24 are sup ported on the ñxed cone i3 and are disposed above the skins can be easily and quickly ejected, thus again placing the device in condition for imme this cone in position to >be engaged by the fruit as diate use. the fruit is pushed downwardly by the downward Although one specific embodiment of the in movement of the movable cone 22. The knives 23 45 vention has been particularly shown and de and 24 intersect at the axis of the cone I3` or at scribed, it will be understood that the invention the pin 20 and, as shown in Fig. 2, are arranged is capable of modification and that changes in to form a cross, in plan view, thus dividing the the construction and in the arrangement of the fruit into four sections. It will be understood, various cooperating parts may be made without of course, that by providing further knives which 50 departing from the spirit or scope of the inven will intersect at the same point, the fruit can be tion, as expressed in the following claims. cut into a greater number of sections. ` What I claim is: The movable cone 22 is carried by a casing 3i) 1. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base which in turn is mounted on a bracket 3l to which member, a concave member adapted to coact is secured a vertical rack bar 32 which is slid 55 therewith to squeeze the fruit, means to move one 2,404,382 ~ 3 fruit prior to the squeezing operation, said knives extending radially and downwardly relative to the base member and said concave member having slots to receive the knives after the cutting oper lower end of the base member and intersecting at the axis of said base member and extending to a point above said base member for cutting the fruit prior to the squeezing operation, said ation. through. Y y 6. An expressing device comprising a station ary support, a’ substantially conical » member mounted thereon and having on the upper end ` concave member ’having slots for receiving said knives and allowing said knives to pass there 4 a point above said base member for cutting the member toward the other into operative relation thereto, and knives mounted on the base member and having their lower ends disposed above the 10 thereof pairs of knives, each pair having op positely arced knife edges, the Width of a pair of knives at their bases corresponding to the width of the conical member at its base and the bases therewith and adapted to coact therewith to of the knives being spaced from the base of the squeeze the fruit, means to move one member conical member a distance equal to substantially axially on the common axis toward the other into 15 half of the height of the conical member, and a operative relation thereto for squeezing the juice concave member adapted to coact with the conical from fruit disposed between said members, and member and being movable toward and away from ejector arms mounted in the base member and the conical member. movable therethrough at points below the apex '7. An expressing device comprising a station 20 thereof for ejecting fruit skins from the base ary support, a stationary pressing member there member. on having a circular base and circular sections in 3. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base planes parallel to the base throughout its height, member, a concave member mounted coaxially pairs of knives mounted on said pressing mem therewith and adapted to coact therewith to ber, the knives of one pair lying in a planeat right squeeze the'fruit, means to move one member 25 angles to the other pair, the basesof the knives axially on the common axis toward the other into lying in a plane intersecting the stationary press operative relation thereto, a knife mounted on ing member at a height at least greater than one the base member and having its lower end dis quarter the distance of the length of the press posed above the lower end of the base member with its upper end extending to a point above 30 ing member, and a second member adapted to 2. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base ` member, a concave member mounted coaxially said base member for cutting the fruit prior to the squeezing operation, and means associated with said base member for ejecting therefrom fruit skins, after the squeezing operation has been completed. cooperate with the pressing member and being movable toward and away from the pressing mem ber, . _ 8. A pressing element of an expressing device 35 comprising a stationary support, and a substan 4. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base member, a concave member mounted coaxially therewith and adapted to coact therewith to squeeze the fruit, means to move one member tially conical member mounted thereon and hav ing on the upper end thereof pairs of knives, each pair having oppositely arced knife edges, the width of a pair of knives at their bases corresponding toward the other into operative relation thereto, 40 to the width of the conical member at its base and the bases of the knives being vspaced from knives mounted on the base member and having the base of the conical member> a distance equal their lower ends disposed above the lower end of the base member and intersecting at the- axis ’ to substantially half of the heightV ofthe conical of said base member and extending to a point above said base member for cutting the fruit prior 45 9. A pressing element of an‘expressing device comprising a stationary support, a stationary to the squeezing operation, said knives extend pressing member thereon having acircular base ing radially and downwardly with respect to the and circular sections in planes parallel to the base member, and means associated with said base throughout its height, and pairsV Qf'knives base member for ejecting fruit skins therefrom »after the squeezing operation has been completed.v 50 mounted on said pressing member, theknives of one pair lying in a plane at right anglesV to the 5. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base other pair, the bases of the knives lying in a plane member, a concave member adapted to coact intersecting the stationary pressing member at therewith to squeeze the fruit, ymeans to move one member. v . a height at least greater than one-quarter the thereto, and knives mounted on the base member 55 distance of the length of the pressing member.V member toward the other into operative relation . and having their lower ends disposed above the lower end of the base member and extending to ROBERT A, KLEIN.