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Патент USA US2404382

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July 23,- 1946.
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R. A. KLEIN
FRUITV CUTTER ‘AND- SQUEEZER
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Filed April 2'1. 1944 '
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‘2,404,332
Patented July 23, 1946
,irai
d’UNI.Tru) *sï'i‘nîl‘iisî>î 'PATE-NT., ‘OFFICE I
FRUIT cnfrrîntíiïïrîîi SQiUEEzElRl
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Robert A. Klein, New York,- N. Y.; assîgnor ofion‘e
half to Abraham Kraus, Brooklyn, N. Y.
, f'
Application April 21, 1944, serialrio, 532,032"v
9 Claims.
(Cl.> 10Q-42) "
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'1
This invention relates to a machine for ex’-l v ably mountedin 'guide‘ways'âä and 34 formedin
'tracting the juice from fruit, such as oranges or
lemons.
Inv the usual squeezer the fruit is first out in
halfv and then the two halves are squeezed'se'p
arately.
the standard or pedestal il. The rack-teeth' 35
of the rack bar"3§2 mesh with a gear 35» which is
mounted on a spindle 31 _rotatably carried by the
standard I I. Any‘suitable rotating means for the
spindle I3-l may be provided; 'such as the handles
38 and 39, or a crank may be'used ifdesired.
‘The'cone ZZ'has'formed therein slots @il dis
posed in alinement''with"theV knives 23ï~and- 2li to
This invention has for its object to provide a
machine so constructed and arranged that the
fruit will be cut and squeezed in one operation.
Another object of the invention is to provide a
permit’the‘passage o_f these knives `'through the
machine of the character described having means f '
cone as the-cone 22 is moved downwardly over-the
forejecting the squeezed skins from the squeezer
afterthe squeezing operation has been completed.
Further objects of the invention will appear
from the following specification takenY in'connec
tion with the drawing which forms a part of this l
application.' and in whichl
A
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional' elevation of a device
-constructed- in accordance with the invention;
Fig. 2 isa transverse sectional plan taken lsub
stantially on line 2-2'of Fig. 1 and looking in '
the direction of the arrows; and
Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation taken substantially .
on line 3~3 of‘Fig. 2, looking in the direction of
conel
Inorder
I3. An
to eject
'opening
the 4l;
skins
receives
from the’iixedícone
-the pinï
I3 after the squeezing operation has been com
pleted', a plurality of electing members lili* are
mounted in the cone I3, these members-‘being
normally disposed with their outer surfaces’flush
with the outer y'surface ofthe cone. Each of 'the
members 43 has secured thereto and extending
downwardly therefrom a link Afl, these Ylinks hav
ing vtheir lower ends pivotally mounted in a col
lar’ßâ mounted on the upper end of a downwardly
extendingfrod y¿lli which'is slidablyfmo'unted in a
bearing 41 formed ‘in the base I2 'which supports ,
the arrows.
`
25 theV cone I3.
In the particular embodiment'oi the inven- - ' on pedestal
A lever 5i! is mounted on a pivot llt
II `and is pivo‘ted't'o the lower .end of
therod 46' and 7a spring 5l 'normally holds the
tion illustrated there- is shown a- standard having
a base IU anda vertical bracket or pedestal II.
leverY inthe position shown` Vin Fig. 1. ‘
»
A
The squeezing apparatus> comprises a bracket or
In order tof eject the skins from the cone I3îthe
base I2 fixed to the upright I I and having a cone 30 outer-` end of' the lever‘âll is depressed to exert
or >íixed conical member I3 secured thereto and `
extending upwardly therefrom. The base I2 has a
upward’pressure and cause the ejectors ¿ißto move
outwardly through the cone i3 andeject the skins
circular trough I4 formed therein having an out
let spout I5 for conducting the juice therefrom.
"From'theforegoing specification it will -be clear
The ñxed conical- member I3 has projecting up 35 that a> simpleiand practical squeezing device has
wardly from the top thereof and axially disposed ' ' been designed`r in such a manner that the whole
thereon, a spike or pin 20 for supporting an orange
fruitV may be ‘cut‘and squeezed thereon in- one
therefrom.
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2lI or other fruit.
continuou'sïbperatienf 'without necessitating the
cutting of the fruit into halves. Furthermore,
it is squeezed between the base or fixed cone I3 40 after the squeezing operation has been completed,
In order to cut the fruit into sections before
and a movable cone 22, knives 23 and 24 are sup
ported on the ñxed cone i3 and are disposed above
the skins can be easily and quickly ejected, thus
again placing the device in condition for imme
this cone in position to >be engaged by the fruit as
diate use.
the fruit is pushed downwardly by the downward
Although one specific embodiment of the in
movement of the movable cone 22. The knives 23 45 vention has been particularly shown and de
and 24 intersect at the axis of the cone I3` or at
scribed, it will be understood that the invention
the pin 20 and, as shown in Fig. 2, are arranged
is capable of modification and that changes in
to form a cross, in plan view, thus dividing the
the construction and in the arrangement of the
fruit into four sections. It will be understood,
various cooperating parts may be made without
of course, that by providing further knives which 50 departing from the spirit or scope of the inven
will intersect at the same point, the fruit can be
tion, as expressed in the following claims.
cut into a greater number of sections.
`
What I claim is:
The movable cone 22 is carried by a casing 3i)
1. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base
which in turn is mounted on a bracket 3l to which
member, a concave member adapted to coact
is secured a vertical rack bar 32 which is slid 55 therewith to squeeze the fruit, means to move one
2,404,382
~
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fruit prior to the squeezing operation, said knives
extending radially and downwardly relative to the
base member and said concave member having
slots to receive the knives after the cutting oper
lower end of the base member and intersecting
at the axis of said base member and extending
to a point above said base member for cutting
the fruit prior to the squeezing operation, said
ation.
through.
Y
y
6. An expressing device comprising a station
ary support, a’ substantially conical » member
mounted thereon and having on the upper end `
concave member ’having slots for receiving said
knives and allowing said knives to pass there
4
a point above said base member for cutting the
member toward the other into operative relation
thereto, and knives mounted on the base member
and having their lower ends disposed above the
10 thereof pairs of knives, each pair having op
positely arced knife edges, the Width of a pair
of knives at their bases corresponding to the width
of the conical member at its base and the bases
therewith and adapted to coact therewith to
of the knives being spaced from the base of the
squeeze the fruit, means to move one member
conical member a distance equal to substantially
axially on the common axis toward the other into 15
half of the height of the conical member, and a
operative relation thereto for squeezing the juice
concave
member adapted to coact with the conical
from fruit disposed between said members, and
member and being movable toward and away from
ejector arms mounted in the base member and
the conical member.
movable therethrough at points below the apex
'7. An expressing device comprising a station
20
thereof for ejecting fruit skins from the base
ary support, a stationary pressing member there
member.
on having a circular base and circular sections in
3. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base
planes parallel to the base throughout its height,
member, a concave member mounted coaxially
pairs of knives mounted on said pressing mem
therewith and adapted to coact therewith to
ber, the knives of one pair lying in a planeat right
squeeze the'fruit, means to move one member 25
angles to the other pair, the basesof the knives
axially on the common axis toward the other into
lying in a plane intersecting the stationary press
operative relation thereto, a knife mounted on
ing member at a height at least greater than one
the base member and having its lower end dis
quarter the distance of the length of the press
posed above the lower end of the base member
with its upper end extending to a point above 30 ing member, and a second member adapted to
2. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base `
member, a concave member mounted coaxially
said base member for cutting the fruit prior to
the squeezing operation, and means associated
with said base member for ejecting therefrom
fruit skins, after the squeezing operation has been
completed.
cooperate with the pressing member and being
movable toward and away from the pressing mem
ber,
.
_
8. A pressing element of an expressing device
35 comprising a stationary support, and a substan
4. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base
member, a concave member mounted coaxially
therewith and adapted to coact therewith to
squeeze the fruit, means to move one member
tially conical member mounted thereon and hav
ing on the upper end thereof pairs of knives, each
pair having oppositely arced knife edges, the width
of a pair of knives at their bases corresponding
toward the other into operative relation thereto, 40 to the width of the conical member at its base
and the bases of the knives being vspaced from
knives mounted on the base member and having
the base of the conical member> a distance equal
their lower ends disposed above the lower end of
the base member and intersecting at the- axis ’ to substantially half of the heightV ofthe conical
of said base member and extending to a point
above said base member for cutting the fruit prior 45 9. A pressing element of an‘expressing device
comprising a stationary support, a stationary
to the squeezing operation, said knives extend
pressing member thereon having acircular base
ing radially and downwardly with respect to the
and circular sections in planes parallel to the
base member, and means associated with said
base
throughout its height, and pairsV Qf'knives
base member for ejecting fruit skins therefrom
»after the squeezing operation has been completed.v 50 mounted on said pressing member, theknives of
one pair lying in a plane at right anglesV to the
5. A fruit squeezer comprising a conical base
other pair, the bases of the knives lying in a plane
member, a concave member adapted to coact
intersecting
the stationary pressing member at
therewith to squeeze the fruit, ymeans to move one
member.
v
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a height at least greater than one-quarter the
thereto, and knives mounted on the base member 55 distance of the length of the pressing member.V
member toward the other into operative relation .
and having their lower ends disposed above the
lower end of the base member and extending to
ROBERT A, KLEIN.
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