Патент USA US2404398код для вставки
July 23, 1946. E_ Q PATTEE 2,404,398 TREATMENT OF WINERY SLOPS Filed March‘ 29, 1943 Press 0/ Win "3’ Pomace Sfi/l / Slaps /? ,3 LE — 5 4 6 ~ 9 2 . ffoaml/z 2 I 36 UJJJJ dryer /J3 U1 00 Crude .34 ‘ /.3 7 ~|| Cream of Tarfar l i /38 INVENTOR. ‘ELLIS C. PATTE'E ZEW W i ' ~ Arr‘y. 2,404,398 Patented my 23, 1946 ‘UNITED STATES ‘PATENT OFFICE Ellis 0. Pattce, Cincinnati, Ohio, assignm- to Na tional Distillers Products Corporation,’ cor poration of Virginia Application March 29, 1943, Serial No. 480,919 6 Claims. 1 (Cl. 90-5) - - 2 This invention relates to the production of present in excess of the amount which is soluble in the slops at a lower temperature, and prefer ably to a point at which the major part of the will be fully understood from the following de scription read in conjunction with the drawing potassium acid tartrate will be insoluble at the which is a diagrammatic side elevation of ap 5 lower temperature. With a salt type evaporator paratus in which the invention may be carried this concentration may be carried forward to form a viscous solution containing crystals- of out. . potassium acid tartrate. v Referring to the ‘drawing, the slops in tank I may be bottoms from the distillation of the liquor The extent ‘of concentration required will, of obtained by washing and/or pressing pomace or 10 course, depend'upon the amount of potassium acid tartrate initially present and this in turn bottoms from the distillation of lees. The slop is will depend upon the source from which the still withdrawn from tank I into mixer 2 in which it is heated, while undergoing mixing, by‘ steam slops was derived, the amount of wash water supplied to coil 3.‘ The mixing and heating are used, the amount of lees in the material distilled necessary to compensate for any cooling and 15 and various other factors. consequent precipitation of potassium acid tar The concentrated clari?ed still slops is then passed through pipe 26 into crystallizing tank 24 ' trate that may occur between the time the still in which it is cooled to a temperature at which slop is withdrawn from the still and the time it is supplied to the potassium acid tartrate re the bulk of the potassium acid tartrate passes covery system. From the mixer the heated slops .0 out of solution, under conditions adapted to hold is fed continuously to the bowl of the imperforate the crystals of potassium acid tartrate so formed over?ow centrifuge 5. The suspended organic in suspension and prevent their accumulation in matter present in the slops is separated as a cake the crystallizing tank. From tank 24 the con centrated slops containing the suspended crystals in bowl i4 from which it is intermittently dumped and by means of conveyor 5' combined with 5 of potassium acid tartrate passes continuously through-pipe 25 into bowl 26 of centrifuge 21. pressed pomace moving continuously forward on usable by-products-from winery still slops-and. w conveyor diagrammatically indicated by 6. The The bowl is of the imperforate over?ow type or ’ over?ow from bowl 4 is still slops clari?ed and the perforated type; the crystals accumulate as freed of suspended organic material; this is picked a cake therein and are intermittently dumped or up in collector ring ‘I and diverted through pipe 8 so continuously abstracted and passed into dryer 2'! into tank 9. - v in which they are heated by steam passing through coil 29 to form a crude substantially dry tically no suspended solids and the clari?cation potassium acid tartrate. The over?ow from bowl step may be omitted. \ 26 consisting of the still slops that has been» clari From tank 9 the clari?ed still slops is supplied ‘ 35 ?ed, concentrated and substantially freed of po continuously through pipe ll into the ?rst unit l2 tassium acid tartrate is passed continuously of a multiple e?ect evaporator in which it is ‘ through pipe 3| into the pressed pomace moving heated indirectlyby steam introduced through forward on conveyor 6. It is thoroughly com pipe l3, condensate from the steam passing off mingled with the pomace in mixer 32 and moves through pipe [4. The steam produced by heating 4o thence on conveyor 33 into steam dryer 34 within the still slops passes through pipe l5 into evap which it is heated to substantial dryness by means orator unit It while the partly-concentrated slops of steam. moves forward through pipe l'l into the body of The dried material consisting of pomace and evaporator unit I6 in which it is heated indirectly the soluble materials (other than potassium acid by the steam introduced through pipe l5, con 45 tartrate) originally present in the winery still densate therefrom passing off through pipe l8. slops moves through air ‘conveyor 35 into hopper The steam produced by evaporation in unit l6 ' 36 from which it ?ows continuously to the grinder passes off through pipe l9 into b rometric con 31 in which‘ any lumps are disintegrated and denser 2I in which it is condense , by water in thence into storage tank 36 from which it may be troduced through pipe 22, to maintain the neces so sacked or transferred to cars for bulk shipment. ' sary stages of vacuum at which evaporation and The amount of concentrated clari?ed still slops, concentration of the slops will take place in units dry basis, should range from 2.0 to 20.0% by weight of the pomace, dry-basis. l2 andv IS. The concentration in these units is carried out The combined dry material‘ is used as a cattle I to a point at which the potassium acid tartrate is u and poultry food and is both more desirable and In some instances the still slops contains prac 2,404,898 valuable for this purpose than is the dried pomace alone. - The foregoing description is for purposes of illustration and not of limitation and it is there fore my intention that the invention be limited only by the following claims or their equivalents wherein I have endeavored to claim broadly all inherent novelty. 1 I claim: ' 4 taining suspended organic matter and potassium acid tartrate which comprises separating said ‘winery still slops while hot into a mud cake and a clari?ed eilluent, combining said mud cake with pomace, evaporating said eilluent, cooling the said ‘evaporated e?luent, separating crystals of potas sium acid tartrate irom the said evaporated cooled eilluent, combining the residual e?iuent . with the pomace and drying the combined ma ‘ 1. Process of obtaining usable by-products i'rom 10 terials 5. winery residues, including winery still slops con- ‘ taining potassium acid tartrate which comprises evaporating said still slops, separating crystals of obtaining usable by-products from winery residues, including winery still slops con taining suspended organic matter and potassium acid tartrate which comprises introducing said the residual evaporated still slops with pomace 15 ‘winery' still slops while hot into a rotating mass of the same de?ning a tubular innerwall, there and drying the combined materials. by separating a mud cake and a clari?ed e?iuent, 1 2. Process of obtaining usable by-products from evaporating said emuent, cooling said evaporated winery residues, including winery still slops con ‘eilluent, separating crystals of potassium acid taining potassium'acid tartrate which comprises tartrate from said cooled evaporated e?iuent. evaporating said still slops, cooling said still slops, ‘combining the residual e?iuent with pomace and separating crystals of potassium acid tartrate drying the combined matter. therefrom, combining’ the residual evaporated 6. Process of obtaining usable hy-products from still slops with pomace and drying the combined of potassium acid tartrate therefrom, combining ' materials. . 1 3. Process of obtaining usable by-products irom winery residues, including winery still slops con taining suspended organic matter and potassium acid tartrate which comprises separating said winery still slops while hot into a mud cake and a clari?ed eilluent, evaporating said e?luent, cool ing said' evaporated eilluent, separating crystals of potassium acid tartrate from said evaporated cooled eilluent, combining the residual ei?uent with pomace and drying the combined materials. 1 4. Process of obtaining usable by-products from w‘ineryresidues, including winery still slops con winery residues, including winery still slops con taining suspended organic matter and potassium acid tartrate which comprises introducing said winery still slops while hot into a, rotating mass of the same de?ning a tubular inner wall, there by separating a mud cake and a clari?ede?iuent, combining said mud cake with pomace, evaporat ing said e?luent, cooling the said evaporated eillu ent, separating crystals of potassium acid tar trate from the said evaporated cooled emuent. combining the residual eilluent with the said pom ace and drying the combined materials. , ELLIS C. PA'I'I'EE.