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Патент USA US2404421

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July 23, 1946. ‘
Filed De'c. 31, 1,941
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July 23,‘ 1946.
Filed Dec. 31, 1941
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‘Filed Dec. 31, ‘1941
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Patented July 23, 1946
UNITED stares re'rgm critics
Philip A. ‘Wooster, San Rafael, Calif.
Application ‘December 31, 1941, Serialv No. 425,175
8 Claims. (01. 2'71'—2'.3)'
This invention relates to dispensing devices for
including a housing of the type adapted to be
paper towels and the like, and particularly to
secured to a wall in a‘ convenient position for dis.
paper feeding mechanism by means of which ‘a
pensing operations. This housing, which is con
roll of.’ toweling is supported in and advanced
structedwitha view .to, providing simplicity, rug
from a dispensing cabinet.
5 gedness, and ‘general accessibility for adjustment
It is the object of the presentv invention to
and servicing, comprises what may best be
providev paper supporting and feeding means for
termed an inner housing and a cover member
a towel dispensing cabinet which will insure
proper feeding of an. uncrumpled and untorn
length of toweling upon each dispensing operation of the cabinet, and which will insure against
jamming or clogging of the paper within the cabinetA further object of the invention is. the provision of a dispensing device in which the-operating mechanism and the most vital parts of the
paper feeding mechanism. are protected against
tam'pering or adjustments by unauthorized persons, even-when the dispenser is opened- for the
purpose of replenishing the towel supply therein.
A still further object is the provision of paper
feeding mechanism which advances a length of
toweling to. a. position where it may be torn from
a continuous roll upon each dispensing operation
of the cabinet, and to prevent tearing of. the
paper within the cabinet at any point which is
likely to cause the paper to become jammed or
‘crumpled or torn during. the. next dispensing op-
therefor. The inner housing consists of a back
plate H! (see Fig. '7) which may be secured
against a wall by any conventional means, and‘
a bottom plate I I, preferably formed integrally
with and extending forwardly from. the. lower
edge of the back plate. Secured to the back and
bottom plates are side plates [3' and; [4 (see also
Fig. 1), which side plates. are set inwardly a short
distance from. the outer edges of the back‘and
bottom plates and provided with'outwardly pro
j‘ecting ?anges I5 which extend all of the way'
around the side plates so that the side walls of
the housing are in fact recessed. from their outer
sides to provide spaces Within which may be dis
posed‘ substantially all‘ of the mechanism by
means of‘ which the toweling is dispensed,
Each of the recessed outer sides of the side
plates [3 and I4 is preferably covered‘ by inward
1y ?anged cover plates I6 and I Go, respectively,
which telescope into the recesses of the side
plates and form enclosures for the towel dispens
ing mechanism.
The cover plates l6 and Mia
Further Objects and» advantages of the inven- 30 are secured to the side plates by means of screws
tion are made apparentin- the following speci?such as indicated at la, which extend through
cation, wherein. detailed reference. is made to the
the cover plates and are threaded into the side
accompanying drawings.
plates. These screws are preferably of ‘a type
In the drawings.—
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view taken. through 3
atowel dispenser constructed in accordance with
which may be removed only by a special tool, so
that it will be impossible for unauthorized per
sons not provided with such a tool to gain access
Fig. 2 is a. front elevation of‘ the towel dispenser
to the paper supporting and feeding mechanism.
Any screw designed for this ‘purpose may be used,
and one suitable type is known as the “Phillips”
with the. lower front. portion. of the cover broken
away to. illustrate details. of construction of the 40 screw, in which the head of the screw is pro
forward rolls, tearing edge, and associated parts;
vided with a cross-shaped recess requiring a spe
Eigs. 3-, 4 and. 5 are sectional views. taken . cially designed screwdriver for its insertion or're
through one. of the rollsshown. in Fig. 2, to; illusmoval.
trate.detailsolc construction thereof;
The housing is purposely left open through
Fig. 6.- is a sectional view taken on line VI—VI 45 out substantially its entire forward and upper
of Fig. 1;
faces to permit insertion of rolls of paper towel
Fig. 7 is a. similar section taken. on. line
ing of large diameter to be dispensed therefrom.
VII-'—VII of
The entire forward and top portions of the cab
Fig. 8. is a. perspective view of a detachable
inet are, however, enclosed by a hinged cover
bearing. member employed for oneo-f the forward 60 member indicated at. I‘! in Fig. 7, which cover
rolls; and.
member also-includes side panels 20 (see Fig. 1.),
Fig.. 9. is a, view similar. to Fig. 6showing. the
which are pivoted. as by pins l9 adjacent the
invention. applied. to a different type of dispenser; Referring to, the drawings-in. detail, the towel i
lower. edge-of the housing so that the cover may
be swung about these pins to an open position
dispenser of the present» invention is, shown as 65 where it will depend downwardly from the pins
the supply of toweling has been depleted, it is
‘ and permit ready access to the interior of the
necessary, therefore, to withdraw the resilient
plate 46 sufficiently to permit the core to be
moved to the left, where the trunnion 42 will
generally indicated at 2 I.
A roll of paper toweling to be dispensed from 5 clear the ear 5! before it is withdrawn.
1 housing. The cover member I‘! is preferably held
. in its closed position by latch or lock means, as
With the roll of toweling supported for rota- tion in the manner just described, the free end v
the housing is supported between the inner side
3 walls l3 and 14 thereof, as illustrated in Figs. 1
1 and 6. The roll is illustrated at 40 as wound upon
a conventional‘ hollow core 4| of pasteboard or
thereof is led downwardly as shown at 55 in Fig. 6,
and trained over a dispensing roller 56 so that»
At the end adjacent the inner
‘its outer edge'may project over a serrated tearing
wall. l4 a'?tting 42, which may be formed of
edge 51 which forms one edge of an opening in
the bottom of the dispenser. A pressure ‘roller
58 engages the papergat approximately its line of
contact‘with the dispensing roller 56 so that upon
rotation of thedispensing roller, the paper will be
fed outwardly through the bottom of the dis
penser, and when a measured length of toweling
has been projected, it may be torn off against the
a similar material.
‘ pressed metal, is secured into the core andpro- ,
‘ jects from the outer end thereof a su?lcient dis- ,
tance to form a short trunnion received in theslot
‘ of a guide plate 43, which is secured to the inner 15
1 surface of the wall l4 and ‘which slot opens up- '
wardly and. outwardly from the normal position of
‘ the center of the core in order that a roll of paper -‘
tearing edge 51.
‘ may conveniently be inserted and removed there-,
The position of the pressureroller 58 relative
‘ from. At the opposite end of the roll 40 atrun 20
to the dispensing roller 56 is important in insur
nion 45 extends into the open end of the core to
ing against the paper becoming tornrat a point
form a connection permitting rotation of the roll.
within the machine that will prevent its proper
feeding on a subsequent dispensing operation. As
to the outer surface of the wall l3, andv which, 25 best illustrated in Fig. 6, the pressure roller 58 is
above the dispensing roller so that the line of
adjacent its upper end, has an inwardly bentpor
contact between the rollers'is near the top of the
1 tion 48 which extends through the wall l3. In
dispensing roller. Consequently, the leading edge
order to remove the roll, the resilient plate 46 is
of the paper toweling extends around the greater '
‘ swung outwardly until the trunnion 45 is with
of the forward face of the dispensing roller
drawn from its position within the core so that
‘ This trunnion is supported on a resilient plate 45
which is secured as by screws 41 at its lower end
before it passes outwardlythrough the opening in r
the bottom of the cabinet. Because of the fric
tion between the paper and the large area over
1 the entire roll, or the core from which all the
paper has been withdrawn, .may be moved ,up—.
1 wardly in the direction of the slot formed in the
; plate 43.0n the wall l‘4.
which it contacts the dispensing roller after; it’
leaves the point of contact between the dispens
r The recess in the wall l3 through which the 85
ing roller and the pressure roller, it is impossible
1 portion 48 of the resilient plate 46' extends, is ‘ to tear the paper by a direct pull at a point behind‘
‘ formed by pressing or punching outwardly two
the rollers. Consequently, in the event'of a user
1 of its edges, which form guide walls 49 (see . pulling downwardly on vthe towel which has been
Figs. 1 and '7), between which the resilient plate
advanced from the dispenser, instead of drawing it
. 46 is guided, and these guide walls are in turn 40 against the serrated tearing edge 57, the pull will
1 provided with inwardly punched-tongues 50 which
serve to limit the outward movement of the re
not be transmitted to the toweling behind the
rollers but will tear at some point forward of ‘the
line of contact between the rollers, so that upon
; silient plate and therefore prevent its being
1 broken or sprung beyond its resilient limits.
' the next dispensing operation, the remaining
7 While the weight of a new roll of paper towel-4 ' '
ing is suf?cient to maintain the trunnion 42 in the
‘ lower end of the slot in which it rotates, there
is some possibility, due to the fact that the r011 '
becomes light as the supply of toweling is de- 7
1 pleted, that dispensing operations are likely to '
result in its becoming dislodged or misplaced.
Therefore, in order to’ prevent accidental re-.
‘ moval of the trunnion from the lower endof the
‘ slot in which it rotates, and likewise to prevent l
‘ malicious removal of the roll of toweling by per
sons unfamiliar with the construction of the dis
penser, the present invention provides means to
toweling will be held between and advanced by
the operation of the rollers.
The serrated tearing edge 5171s formed on a
curved plate 59 (seeFigs. 2 and 6) which is per
manently secured between the lower forward
edges of the side members l3 and I4, and at its
upper edge the plate 59 has a plurality of ?ngers
Bit cut and pressed therefrom to project upwardly
into grooves 6| formed at spaced intervals in the
pressure roller 58.‘ These ?ngers serve as guides
to facilitate leading the free edge of the paper
'55 to its proper dispensing position between the
rolls, and the plate 59 is so curved that it will
3 retain the trunnion in the lower end of the slot in
also serve as a guide to cause the paper to fol- ‘
I the form of a metal ear 5| projecting at right
i angles from the wall l4 and preferably formed
1 by punching out awedge-shaped portion of said .
low around the outer surface of the dispensing
roll 56. This plate, as shown/in Fig. 6, is spaced
‘ wall to project into the outer open end of the
‘ trunnion 42, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 6.
The ‘
from the dispenser roll a distance which increases
toward its lower or tearing edge so as to insure
against vany possibilityof the paper becoming
ear tapers towardits- upper or forward end and
crumpled'and jammed as it is being fed'out
is formedat substantially right angles to the
4 wall at its lower end so that as the roll of towel- ‘
In order to prevent the free edge of the paper
from continuing around the dispensing roll 56
ing is inserted, the trunnion 42 will ride over the "
‘ ear until it is aligned therewith, ‘at which time
, the pressure of the resilient plate 46 on the oppo
instead of being projected outwardly through the
: site end of the roll will bring it into position with
project upwardly into grooves 55a formed at"
spaced intervals in the dispensing roller, '56.
the outer edge of the trunnionrbearing for rota- ‘
tion in the lower end of the slot in the member 43
1 which receives it.
vIn'order to remove the‘ core of the roll after
slot in the bottom of the dispenser, ?ngers 62
These ?ngers 62 are preferably punched and bent
from the edge of a plate B3vpermanently secured
to the bottom of the dispenser.
A modi?cation in. the manner in which the
paper is‘ arranged in- connection with the roll
ers is illustrated in Fig. 9 and is applicable to
a type of dispensing cabinet. in whichv the sup
ply roll- of paper is supported on inclined ledges
within the cabinet. As shown in Fig. 9 the sup
ply roll 40 rests on a pair of ledges, one of which
is- shown at 43a, these ledges being arranged one
on. each. of the opposite side walls of thecabinet.
These ledges are inclined forwardly so that the
ings; which facilitate itsvv removal, which give it
a bearing support, andv which may readily be
replaced upon the; event; of wear. As illustrated
in Figs. 2' and 7,. the roller 5.6 is- provided with
trunnions: 64 projecting outwardly from its oppo-‘
site ends; and: journaled in disc-like bearings 65
which areposi-tioned' with respect to the side walls
53 and M by inwardly projecting members 66
which extend into suitably positioned perfora
tions, in. the side walls. These bearings 65 are
held in place against the outer surfaces of the
side walls by plates 61 which may be formed of
spring steel or any suitable strip of’ sheet metal
advantage of an even greater area ofv contact
bent to overlie the hearings 6.5: andto have lower
between the paper and the dispensing roller, the
edges 68'' bent inwardly and downwardly‘ to pro
area being increased by the distance between
ject. through. slots 69‘ formed in the walls l3- and‘
the line where the supply roll contacts the dis
it. At, their upper ends the plates 61 are per‘
pensing roller and the line where the pressure
forated to embrace ears. H) which project out
roller contacts it. In this modi?cation the plate
wardly fromzt'he outer surfaces. of the walls: [3‘
5.9av serves the. purpose of the plate 59 in Fig. 6
and carries a tearing edge 51a, corresponding to 20 and I4, and which are perforated for the recep
tion of cotter‘ keys ‘H, or other suitable; securing
the tearing edge 51. Fingers 60a. extend into
supply roll rests against: the inner-surface of the
dispensing roller-56a and thus presents the added
the grooves of the roller 58.
The arrangement of. the dispenser and pres
sure rollers herein disclosed as well as the pas
sage of the. paper over said rolls and out of the
cabinet are all disclosed in my copending appli
cation ?led March. 28, 1941, Serial No. 385,659,
‘ of which the present application is a continua
tion in part.
It has been found in practice that upon feed
ing a strip or web of paper between rolls such
as those described, there is often a tendency for
means to secure the bearing; discsv in place.
The pressure roller 58 is also‘ mounted in re
placeable bearings which permit of its easy assem
bly and removal, and which are combined with
resilient means for urging it; into contact with
the dispensing roller 56. The construction of
these bearings- is illustrated in Figs. 2, 7 and‘ 8,
wherein the roller is shown as: provided with.
journals l3 projecting from‘ its opposite ends and
?tting in notches which form half bearings in
per webbetween feeding rolls is misalignment
or warping of the rolls to the extent that the
pressure between. the rolls varies at different
the lower end of' a U;-shaped lever‘ ‘M. This lever‘
is pivota'lly' supported on. a pin 1-5 which projects:
through. holes 15- formed in the lever and also:
through aligned holes formed on the. side walls
of the housing and in a plate 11 secured to and
spaced‘ from the outer side of each of the walls
13 andv l.4:. Openings 18‘ in the walls l3‘ and- I4
permit the connected ends of the
lever ‘M to oscillate about the pin 15-, and a
points. ‘Consequently, the paper toweling, which
spri-ng 19 forming ‘a connection between the lever
is usually of soft texture or crinkled to enhance
its absorbent qualities, becomes compressed or
lengthened at the point of greatest pressure be
tween the rolls and consequently is fed more‘
rapidly at some points than it is at others. In
order to provide for release of the paper at ire?
and the housing normally’ urges the forward end
of the lever downwardly so that the roller 58
journaled in the half bearings in that‘ end of
the: lever is pressed against the dispensing roller
quent intervals throughout itsv width, and there
removed by pressing downwardly on the inner
the paper to be fed to one side or the other or
to befed toward the center from both sides‘, with
the result that the paper becomes bunched and
wrinkled as it is dispensed. The principal rea
son for uneven feeding and crowding of the pa
The pressure roller so mounted may be readily
end of one of the levers ‘M so that its journal
by to: insure its self-adjustment and even feed
ing, one of the rolls, and preferably the smaller 50 may ‘be removed from the half bearings at the
outer end of the lever, and the roll swung out
or pressure roll 58, has its contacting portions,
wardly from that bearing and. then pulled longi
or portions between the slots 6|, cut away or
tudinally from beneath the opposite bearing. As
relieved so that they will engage with‘. the paper
shown in Fig. 7, a cotter key 85, or similar pin,
at alternating times during rotation of the roll.
This is best- illustrated in Figs. 2» to 5, inclusive, 55 may be disposed acrossthe opening 6 normally
to prevent downward swinging of the lever 14 and
wherein the two central contacting members,
consequently‘ to prevent removal of the roller.
marked a, have a full circular periphery, as
This cotter key’ 85! is disposed on the outside of
shown in. Fig. 3. The next rollers, spaced out
.the side wall it and isv concealed between this
wardly from the central rollers, as well as the
rollers on the outermost end, all marked b, have 60 wall and the cover plate [5 to prevent removal of‘
the roll. except after. removal of said: cover plate.
their peripheries cut away throughout‘ approxi
The dispensing rollerfr? is rotated to effect ejec-'
mately 160°, as illustrated in Fig. 5, while the
ti-on of a. length of toweling from the housing,
rollers 0, intermediate the pairs of rollers b,
so that it‘ may be torn off along the tearing edge
are cut away throughout approximately 160°,
but in a different cyclic position, as illustrated. 65 5?, by means of a small gear 31' (see. Figs. 21 and 6)‘ ,
’ secured to. an end of the dispensing roller, ‘as by
in Fig. 4. Consequently, upon rotation of the
means of pins 82 extending through the gear and
rollers to advance the paper web, the central por
driven into the body of the roller itself, and mesh:
tions a engage the paper continuously, while the
ing with a large gear 83 secured with respect to
roller 1) and c engage the paper alternately so
that any unevenness in the feed and any tend 70 a shaft 84% which extends transversely of the hous
ing and is journaled at one end in a removable
ency for the paper to become misaligned will be
bearing 85 (see Fig. 1) which is identical in con
corrected by self-adjustment of the paper as it is
struction with the ‘bearings used on the dispens
periodically released at different points through
ing roller. The opposite end of the shaft 84 pro
out its width.
The dispensing roller 56 is mounted in bear 75 jects through the housing and terminates in an
2,404,421’ ~
7 7
8 .
operating crank 81; This crank is preferably
bent from the same material of which the shaft.
84 is formed, and the shaft is provided with a
?ange" 88 exterior of the housing, positioned to
interrupt any moisture which might drain down
the operating crank and prevent such moisture
said guide forming with the dispensing roller a
throat widening progressively from the pressure
roller to an opening formed in the bottom of the
cabinet, thelower edge of said guide being ser
5 rated to form severing means for the paper.
from entering the housing where it might cause
rust or deterioration of the operating mechanism.
Adjacent the end of the shaft on which the
operating crank is formed it is surrounded by a
bushing 89 which is splined to the shaft and which
has'a'head 9!! on its outer end and a nut 9|
‘ . threaded to its inner end.
bearing members therefor ?tting in perforations,
on the side walls and having shoulders engaging
the walls, and removable plates retaining the
bearing members in position in said perforations.
The driving gear 83
14; Ina cabinet for dispensing'paper toweling
and a hardened journal collar 92 are assembled
on the
9!! and
pin 93
3. Ina cabinet for dispensing paper towels or
the like, a feed roller extending between relatively
thin metal sidewalls, trunnions on said roller,
or the like and having sheet metal side walls,
bushing 189 and secured between the, head
nut Si by tightening of the nut._ . A cotter
may be provided to prevent longitudinal
of the bushing 89 on the shaft 84. The
means for supporting rotatable shafts extending
through said side walls comprising shouldered
bearings received by perforations in the walls, and
plates detachably secured to the walls and over
hardened journal collar 92 is'received for rota
tion in a bearing 94'which is in the form of an 20
annulus swaged over the edge'of a suitable open;
lying the bearings to retain them against dis
. .
ing in the wall [4 of the housing. Ample space is
5. '7 In a cabinet for dispensing paper toweling
from a, roll, a dispensing roller journaled in the
left at the head end of the bushing 89 to accom
modate the control mechanism for retarding or
‘ delaying dispensing operations of the crank 81,‘
as is common practice in'dispensers of this'kind.‘
cabinet and over which the toweling passes, and
a guide plate ?xed to the cabinet and spaced from
the surface of the dispensing roller to provide a
No such mechanism is disclosed herein, however,
the end through which the toweling emerges, the
lower edge of the plate forming a tearing edge
for the toweling and lying under the central por
as it'has no direct bearing on the operation of
the present invention. .
As heretofore stated, the ?tting 42, shown in
throat between plate and roller widening toward
30 tion of'the roller.
Fig.1, which projects from an end of the roll of
6. In a cabinet, for dispensing paper toweling
paper to form a trunnion, is preferably formed
from a roll, a dispensing roller journaled in’ the
of metal. In order to avoid rough exposed edges
cabinet and over which the toweling passes, a
and also to provide a durable and smooth bear
curved guide plate spaced from the surface of the
ing surface, the outer edge of this trunnion is‘ 35 dispensing roller to provide a throat between 7'
?anged or bent inwardly upon itself, as shown.
plate and roller widening toward the end through
In this manner a smooth and durable surface is
formed to bear against the ear 5| when necessary,
which the toweling emerges, the lower edge of
the plate forming. a tearing edge for the toweling
though the trunnion be formed inexpensively by
and lying in ?xed position under the, roller so
being stamped from relatively thin metal.
40 that a downward pull on the end of the protrud
Having .thus described my invention, what I“
ing toweling draws the toweling strip against the
claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:‘
1'. The combination with a cabinet for dis-j
under side of the dispensing roller and the tear-_
ing ‘edge.’
' pensing paper, toweling or the like from a roll,
P ~ 7. Inja cabinet for dispensing paper toweling"
from‘ a roll, a dispensing roller journaled in the
of a dispensing roller adjacent‘ the front and
bottom of the cabinet, a pressure roller having
annular grooves therein and mounted above and
cabinet and over which the toweling passes to
an opening in the cabinet, at pressure roller jour
in contact with the dispensing roller and portions
naled in the cabinet to press the toweling against '
of the pressure roller between the annular grooves
the dispensing-roller, and a guide plate ?xed to
being relieved part way around the roller, such 50 the cabinet and spaced from the surface of the
relieved portions being circumferentially spaced
dispensing roller to form therewith a throat pro
with ‘respect to eaclrother, to permit adjustment
gressively widening from the pressure roller to‘
of the paper‘ between the rollers as it is being
said opening.
advanced thereby, a guide ?xed to the interior
. 8.‘ In a cabinet for dispensing paper toweling
of the cabinet and positioned to con?ne the tow 55 from a roll, a dispensing roller journalled in the
eling between the guide and the friction driving
cabinet and over which the toweling passes to
roller and having projections extending into the
an opening ‘in the cabinet, a pressure roller jour
pressure roller grooves, said guide directing the
nalled in the‘cabinet to press the toweling against
toweling through an opening formed in the bot
the dispensing roller, and a guide plate ?xed to
tom of the cabinet. '
60 the cabinet and spaced from the surface of the
2. The combination with a cabinet for dis?
dispensing roller to form therewith a throat pro
pensing paper toweling or the like from a roll, of
gressively widening from the pressure roller to .
a-dispensing/roller. adjacent the front and bot
said opening, the lower edge of the plate forming
tom of the cabinet, a pressure roller mounted
a tearing edge on which the toweling may be sev
above and in contact with the dispensing roller, 1 65 ered.
and a ?xed guide positioned to con?ne the towel- ‘
ing between guide and the friction driving roller,
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