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Патент USA US2404432

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July 23, 1946.
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D. L. CHANDLER
, 2,404,432
.VENTILATOR MECHANISM FOR AUTOMOBILE DOORS
Filed Dec. '1,` 1944
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July 23, 1946.
A
D. l.. CHANDLER
2,404,432
VENTILATOR MECHANISM FOR AUTOMOBILE DOORS
-F‘iled Deo. '7, 1944
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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July 23, 1946.
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D. L. CHANDLERA
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2,404,432
VENTILATOR MEcHANIsM‘ FOR AUTOMOBILE DooRs
_
Filed Dec. 7, 1944
\ _.\ \
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
July 2_3, 1946.
_
D. L. CHANÓLER u
2,404,432y
VENTILATOR MECHANISM FOR -l-ÄU‘I‘OMOBILE DOORS
vFiled Dec. '7, 1944
->
4 sheets-sheet 4
Patented .Íul'y 23, 1.946
> 2,404,432
` ,UNITED STATES PATENTTÍQF?iCE@_+
Daniel L. Chandler, Salem, Mass.,` assigner to
Aresee Company Inc., Swampscott, Mass., a cor-_ ‘
poration
Application member 7, 1944, seran No. 567,095 «ï _ ’
` _ <5 claims.
401.2684120)
2
1
Yin .the panel area lof the door; certainlpartslof
My present invention relates to automobile door` ‘
which -are engaged with theiventilatorwindow;
Q Fig. 2 is an enlarged Íragmentaryelevation‘of
windows and more particularly to automobile
door windowventilatorsv which are electrically
operated from a remote control electrical switch
thewindow ventilator mechanism as ïviewed'irom
located on the door panel or on some other place Ul the opposite side of said mechanism which is’in
within the automobile door.
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dicated'in Fig. 1 in dotted lines, _portions of.' the
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connecting apparatus - being broken away for `Vthe
It is a well-known fact that in the present-day
development of automobiles and other modern
mechanisms that there is a growing demand Vand
purpose of convenience;
control.”
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inFig. 2;
It is evident to all that devices which `are con
venient and easily operated are the devices
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tion;.~`~
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Fig. 5 is a modincation of the'apparatusfshown
It is also quite evident that certain mechanical
results'must be obtained in any device of this
nature if it is to be offered the public in a motor
in Figs. 1 _to 4 inclusive. In this?lgure, as in
previous figures, certain portions -are broken away
for convenience and other portionslareshownin
Certain of these results are hereinafter
part elevation and part crò's's"-'secti_0n, some por- ‘
pointed out in the following specification.
tions of which are the same asin previousïñgures.
The principal object of my invention 4is an im
bile window ventilators and the like;
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line 4-4 of Fig. 2. Portions of this ligur'elare
broken oiî for convenience-as in previous figures
and other portions of which are shownin eleva
therefore the present invention has been devel
oped and perfected for the purpose of attempting
proved ventilator operating device for _automo
l»-
‘ Fig’._4 is a vertical cross-section taken on the
sought by the, great majority of individuals;
to satisfy this growing demand.
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tion, portions of which. are broken away for'con'
venience, being simil-ar to Fig. '2.»but' showing the
apparatus in a different positionïfrom that shown
inclination toward electrically operated devices
sometimes referred to, in the trade, as ‘_‘push but
ton
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I Fig. 3 is another enlarged fragmentary. eleva
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Another object is an improved automobile win
dow ventilator which is electrically operated;
Still anothervobj'ect is an improved automobile
window ventilator winch isA electrically operated
In the present ligure the operation of the window
ventilator is attained inthe same 'basic‘m'anner
but by simpler means, and
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Fig. 6 is a cross-section taken'onf tlie‘ï lines
6-6 of Fig. 5, portions of .which are broken» out
for convenience and showing thetop ‘plan onf- the
lower vertical sliding member.
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and in which the said ventilator is at all times
ReferringV more in detailto the drawings', I0
locked against operation from the ventilator end
indicates anvautomobile door Àin 'which is located
or, in other words, cannot be operated excepting
the main window >opening _II andthe ventilator
from the inside areaof the automobile by means
35 window I2. _The ventilator‘window |12 is of the
of an electrical switch therein'mounted;
swinging variety being pivoted _at_its bottom in
A still further object is an improved automo
the frame I4 of the door IIl.` I,
,
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bile door ventilator which is electrically operated
Located within the lower panel of the door I0
from the inside of the vehicle which not only
is a horizontally disposed- housing I5 which is‘per
opens the ventilator but closes it and which leaves
manently attached to the door frame ,or the
the ventilator in a locked condition at any point
outer door panel whichever _is most convenient
of operation vsuch that the ventilator cannot be
operated in either direction- excepting by the
or practical. Within this housing I5 is located
manipulation of the control switch located within
a .reversible kelectrical motor I6 from which ex
tends a drive shift `IÍI on the free endgof which
the vehicle, and
is located a wormgear I8. The _wormvgear I8 is
Other objects‘and novel features comprising
the construction and the operation of‘theyim- j engaged with a worm wheel I9 `which is pivoted
within the housing I5. -Theeleotrical motor I5
proved automobile Window ventilator’ control
mechanism will be apparentes the description
and operation of the same progresses.
In the drawings illustrating the preferred em- _ 50
bodiment of my invention:
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Fig. 1 is a side elevation of an automobile door
in which Ihave indicated a conventional window
is a reversible motor such that the Worm -wheel `
I9 may be operated in a clockwise direction'or in
a counterclockwise direction according Vto` the
desire o_f the operator. Any convenient reversible
electrical switch may be used to reverse the said
motor I6. For a morel comprehensive disclosure
of a speciñc drive mechanism, asY indicated- »in
ventilator, the dotted. lines indie-ating the major
outlines of the mechanism which is located with-f 55 the present drawings, reference is-directedqto'my
2,404,432'
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copending application Serial No. 519,599, ñled
of the apparatus in which that casing I5 is pro
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January 25, 1944, Vin which the complete electrical
vided Vwith a slightly dilîerent slideway 40 in
motor Vdrive is disclosed. However, in my pres- '
which is positioned a slide member 4I which is _ '
ent application I wish to point outthatthe pres
ent invention is not dependent upon the specific
electrical'drive shownin my above copending ap,
hollow and in the head portion of which is lo-V
cated an oriñce 42 through which is directed a
spirally twisted fiatbar member 43 which is se
cured to the member 44 permanently connected
withthe window ventilator portion I 2. With the
exception of the substitution of the member 43
for the _cylinder 29 and the substitution of the
plication. as any reversible electrical motor drive
may be used for the operation of the ventilator
window l2 in which there is an equivalent of the
driven worm wheel I9 on the driving axis 0f
which there is a drive pinion, as the pinion 20 ine
1o.
hollowV slide member 4| for the slide member 25
dicated in Fig. 1. For Vthe purpose oiî tliepresent
' the> rest of the apparatus is identical with that
' applicationreversible driving. >power is derivedY
_shown in Figs. 1 to 4.
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fromia'pinion 20 mounted ori-thel'iousing I5,k
In operation, the ventilator window |_2 may be
the said pinion 20 is engaged with a rack member 15 opened or closed, as the case may be, by means
of the motorl I6. When the motor I6 is electrical
ly energized in one direction, the pinion2ß will
Y ' 2 I. The said rack member is supported in a hori
zontal slidable mannerY on the housing I5 by
means _of slide holdingmembers such as those
move the rack 2| to the left-hand side, as shown
in Fig. 3 thereby raising the connecting link 2'I
shown at 22.' These slide members may be weld
-edor otherwise aflîixedt‘o the housing l5 in any 20 which causes the slide member 25 to slide up- .
ward'lyvin the slideways24 located in thehousing
convenient mannerso that the rack _2|Íis Vhorie
-|_5. ~When this action takes> place, the> trans-V
zontally slidable, on. the ¿housing | 5. O__n the _end
versally: located pin lined inthe upper portion
.oîthefrack remote _from the pinion Zû thereis
of_ the slide member 25Äw`ith end portions'en
engaged asegmentalgear which is Lpivoted Qnthe
housingv by means of the stud ¿Ilv which is se 25 gaging in the spiral grooves 3i]Y and 3| turns vthe
cylinder 29 in >the'door frame I4 andv thereby
cured in theside _of_the_housi_ng v|_5,_'see Fig. 4.
causes the ventilator window 'I2' which is at
Within the housing I5 I Vhave located a vertical
tached tothe cylinder lilfll'to swing open,_`as shown
_in Fig. 3. In a reverse manner 'the windowV I2
I . yupper.¿surface of the housinglì VAt a p_oint just 30 is closed when the directionof the reversible mo- '
tor I6 isoperated -in the other direction Yreturn
‘,above vthetop of. the housing AI5 onV the slide 25
ing the apparatus yto the position shown in Fig. -2.
Ihave locatedanother stud 26 which is secured
member'i125, whichextends _upwardly above the
jin; the slidezâfa‘nd on which _ispivoted acon
In the modiñcat'ion shown in Figs. and 6 (the
cylinder 29 and slide 25 is substituted for by the
necting rod member 2l. 'I‘he _opposite end of the
connecting lever 2_1 Visjourn'alled around another 35 spiral member 43 and 4| respectively, the rest of
the mechanism being exactly the sameand the
Vsame results are attained with -th'eìvvindow I2
studindicated at `28 which is similar to the stud
21, the stud 28 being ñxed Vto the lower portion
of the segmental gear 23,V as shown inthe draw
as previously described where the cylinder 29 is
used.
Onrthelower side _oi _thefwindow ventilator
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ymember |/2 _I have fixed _a cylinder member'Zâ.
i __ This cylinder _253 maybejjournalledat its upper
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pivoted. endin _any convenient manner within
Í _ the @door f_ramel4 such that when the cylinder Y
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For thepurpose of simplicity I haveshown'my
invention in very simpledrawings .in_whi'chïthe.
basic structure is set forth .in _its simplest forms;
yet itis to `be understood ithat I may vary _the
details _of `'this strutcurefior shop purposes or
29_is¿rotated,within _the _frame of the door I 0 the 45 for production requirements withinwide latitude
window ventilator I2 will swing in a horizontal
without departing from the spirit of the inven-_Y
i '_ plane either to the right or the left-hand side, as _
viewed
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The _cylinder 29 is provided with double spiral
tion.
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_ _ Having thus describedy -my*inventionwhat
clairnasnewis:
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'Y tracks 30 and 3| in which voperates'a pin mem 50
1. -In an automobile door having _fa-door frame
ber 32. By an yinspection of Fig. 4 it will be noted
and a swinging ventilator window, the combina
that the pinmember 3271s located in the’upper
tion of a reversible electric motor and d_rivenpin
portion of the slide member 25, ,as indicated at
ion mounted in a housinglocated within ¿said
33. _This portion 33 of the slide V2_5 is _comparable
door, a rack member slidably mountedon said
to a similar construction in the upper portionsv 55 housingrone end of__ which isj engaged with rsaid
of a connecting rod in internal combustion eri-`
gines and the pin which is tightly >secured’ in the
‘portionf33 is comparable to a wrist-pin of the
_said `internal combustion engine, to the eiîect
pinion and the other _end of Whicnisengaged
_with a segmental gearr member pivoted on said
housing, a _slide member s_lidably located on vsaid
housing, a pivoted Vlinl;` memberwconnectingfsaid
that when the slide member 25 is moved in a ver 60 slide member _with said gear memben-a cylindrical
tical direction the pin 32 will slide in the tracks
member provided with rspi-ral tracks _located in
30 and 3|Y and because of the fact that the rslide
25 cannot revolve, the cylinder which is revolv
able in the door frame I4 will revolve; therefore
the side of said cylinder one end _of said cylinderV
being pivoted in said door frame and attached to
said pivoted window, a crQss-pinlocated through'
the ventilator window |12 will be'~aiïee'ted and
65 òne end of said slide member and engaged with
Vcaused topivotinthe door frame I4. `
_ It willthus ¿beseen that when the electrical
said cylinder and ventilator Awindowl'when*said
‘ motor I6 is operated _in either rof its two reversi-v
I ble directions,_the raclf:- 2| will _slidein one vor
another >_Q;_oposite direction and therebyY causethe
cylinder _24 _torotate on its axis in _a correspond
Í .ing direction,__v thereby causing the _ventilator
member` |2 to swingeither to a _closed «or »an open
positicnasthecasemay be.
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In Fig, 5 I' have shown a slight modiñcation
s_aid cylinder tracks for the ,purposev of Vturning
slide is raised or lowered.
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_- 2. In an automobile door having a‘d'dor iframe
70 and a swinging ventilator' window., ‘the- combina
tion of_ a reversible electric'motongeared'drive
engaged with a horizontally 'slidable-rack 'mem
Y berÁ mounted on afhou'sin'g fixed withinÍsaìd door,
_a v“c_:ylii-ideif. vertically mountedfin said dòor'l‘rame
75Y having oneend öpeh arid y'the'otherferiti A‘fiíiedlîo
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2,404,432
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said Ventilator window and pivoted in said door
frame, a slide member vertically mounted in said
housing having one end extending into said cyl
inder, a cross-pin located in said slide the ends
of which are slidably engaged in spiral tracks
located in the sides of said cylinder, a link mem
ber pivoted at one end to said slide, the other
end of said link being pivoted to a segmental gear
pivoted on said housing, said gear being engaged
with said rack for the purpose of raising and
lowering said slide When said rack is moved hori
zontally, thereby rotating said cylinder and caus
ing said window to swing.
3. In an automobile door having a frame and
a swinging Ventilator Window, the combination
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tion with a reversible electrically driven rack
member mounted on a housing located in said
door, a pivoted member located on said housing
and engaged with said rack, a slide member lo
cated in said housing, a link member connecting
said pivoted member with said slide for the pur
pose of sliding said slide member when said rack
is moved, a pivoted member attached to said win
dow and pivoted in said frame and having Va
spiral surface located thereon, means for engag
, ing one end of said slide with said spiral surface
for the purpose of rotating said spiral-surfaced
pivoted member when said slide is operated.
5. In an automobile door having a pivoted ven
tilator window, a door frame and an internal
housing located within said doorl on which is
located an electrically operated horizontal rack
member one end of which is engaged with a piv
door, a spiral-actuated member pivoted in said
oted gear, a pivoted spirally tracked member at
frame and attached at one end to said Ventilator,
a slide member engaged with said spiral member, 20 tached to said window and pivoted in said frame,
a slide member engaged with the spiral portion
said slide being linked to a pivoted member piv
of said spirally tracked member, a crank member
otally engaged with said rack member, said piv
connected said slide member and said gear mem
oted member engaging said slide member for the
ber for the purpose of raising and lowering said
purpose of raising said slide and turning said
spiral member which is attached Ito said Venti 25 slide member on said Spiral member when said
rack is operated in a horizontal direction.
lator window.
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of a reversible motor and motor-driven rack
member mounted on a housing located in said
4. In an automobile door having a door frame
and a pivoted ventilator window, the combina
DANIEL L. CHANDLER.
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