Патент USA US2404432код для вставки
July 23, 1946. ’ ' ' D. L. CHANDLER , 2,404,432 .VENTILATOR MECHANISM FOR AUTOMOBILE DOORS Filed Dec. '1,` 1944 ___ (‘ K' .A l ' _ . ì ‘4 sheets-sheet 1 _____J lìzv' $114144 77"?0 Ik x, ' (Z'ffíaï'ïiey . July 23, 1946. A D. l.. CHANDLER 2,404,432 VENTILATOR MECHANISM FOR AUTOMOBILE DOORS -F‘iled Deo. '7, 1944 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 /2 v " I jLv/J l?? .ef/ifo? .í ' July 23, 1946. ‘ ' > D. L. CHANDLERA l 2,404,432 VENTILATOR MEcHANIsM‘ FOR AUTOMOBILE DooRs _ Filed Dec. 7, 1944 \ _.\ \ 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 July 2_3, 1946. _ D. L. CHANÓLER u 2,404,432y VENTILATOR MECHANISM FOR -l-ÄU‘I‘OMOBILE DOORS vFiled Dec. '7, 1944 -> 4 sheets-sheet 4 Patented .Íul'y 23, 1.946 > 2,404,432 ` ,UNITED STATES PATENTTÍQF?iCE@_+ Daniel L. Chandler, Salem, Mass.,` assigner to Aresee Company Inc., Swampscott, Mass., a cor-_ ‘ poration Application member 7, 1944, seran No. 567,095 «ï _ ’ ` _ <5 claims. 401.2684120) 2 1 Yin .the panel area lof the door; certainlpartslof My present invention relates to automobile door` ‘ which -are engaged with theiventilatorwindow; Q Fig. 2 is an enlarged Íragmentaryelevation‘of windows and more particularly to automobile door windowventilatorsv which are electrically operated from a remote control electrical switch thewindow ventilator mechanism as ïviewed'irom located on the door panel or on some other place Ul the opposite side of said mechanism which is’in within the automobile door. ' dicated'in Fig. 1 in dotted lines, _portions of.' the Y connecting apparatus - being broken away for `Vthe It is a well-known fact that in the present-day development of automobiles and other modern mechanisms that there is a growing demand Vand purpose of convenience; control.” A _Y ' „ inFig. 2; It is evident to all that devices which `are con venient and easily operated are the devices _ _ tion;.~`~ ` » ` ï " - " ._ Fig. 5 is a modincation of the'apparatusfshown It is also quite evident that certain mechanical results'must be obtained in any device of this nature if it is to be offered the public in a motor in Figs. 1 _to 4 inclusive. In this?lgure, as in previous figures, certain portions -are broken away for convenience and other portionslareshownin Certain of these results are hereinafter part elevation and part crò's's"-'secti_0n, some por- ‘ pointed out in the following specification. tions of which are the same asin previousïñgures. The principal object of my invention 4is an im bile window ventilators and the like; Y' line 4-4 of Fig. 2. Portions of this ligur'elare broken oiî for convenience-as in previous figures and other portions of which are shownin eleva therefore the present invention has been devel oped and perfected for the purpose of attempting proved ventilator operating device for _automo l»- ‘ Fig’._4 is a vertical cross-section taken on the sought by the, great majority of individuals; to satisfy this growing demand. . tion, portions of which. are broken away for'con' venience, being simil-ar to Fig. '2.»but' showing the apparatus in a different positionïfrom that shown inclination toward electrically operated devices sometimes referred to, in the trade, as ‘_‘push but ton Y I Fig. 3 is another enlarged fragmentary. eleva 25 ` ' Another object is an improved automobile win dow ventilator which is electrically operated; Still anothervobj'ect is an improved automobile window ventilator winch isA electrically operated In the present ligure the operation of the window ventilator is attained inthe same 'basic‘m'anner but by simpler means, and ' 'A - f l i Í-_‘_» Fig. 6 is a cross-section taken'onf tlie‘ï lines 6-6 of Fig. 5, portions of .which are broken» out for convenience and showing thetop ‘plan onf- the lower vertical sliding member. _ » ’ ` and in which the said ventilator is at all times ReferringV more in detailto the drawings', I0 locked against operation from the ventilator end indicates anvautomobile door Àin 'which is located or, in other words, cannot be operated excepting the main window >opening _II andthe ventilator from the inside areaof the automobile by means 35 window I2. _The ventilator‘window |12 is of the of an electrical switch therein'mounted; swinging variety being pivoted _at_its bottom in A still further object is an improved automo the frame I4 of the door IIl.` I, , . bile door ventilator which is electrically operated Located within the lower panel of the door I0 from the inside of the vehicle which not only is a horizontally disposed- housing I5 which is‘per opens the ventilator but closes it and which leaves manently attached to the door frame ,or the the ventilator in a locked condition at any point outer door panel whichever _is most convenient of operation vsuch that the ventilator cannot be operated in either direction- excepting by the or practical. Within this housing I5 is located manipulation of the control switch located within a .reversible kelectrical motor I6 from which ex tends a drive shift `IÍI on the free endgof which the vehicle, and is located a wormgear I8. The _wormvgear I8 is Other objects‘and novel features comprising the construction and the operation of‘theyim- j engaged with a worm wheel I9 `which is pivoted within the housing I5. -Theeleotrical motor I5 proved automobile Window ventilator’ control mechanism will be apparentes the description and operation of the same progresses. In the drawings illustrating the preferred em- _ 50 bodiment of my invention: . f Fig. 1 is a side elevation of an automobile door in which Ihave indicated a conventional window is a reversible motor such that the Worm -wheel ` I9 may be operated in a clockwise direction'or in a counterclockwise direction according Vto` the desire o_f the operator. Any convenient reversible electrical switch may be used to reverse the said motor I6. For a morel comprehensive disclosure of a speciñc drive mechanism, asY indicated- »in ventilator, the dotted. lines indie-ating the major outlines of the mechanism which is located with-f 55 the present drawings, reference is-directedqto'my 2,404,432' à 4 copending application Serial No. 519,599, ñled of the apparatus in which that casing I5 is pro . à January 25, 1944, Vin which the complete electrical vided Vwith a slightly dilîerent slideway 40 in motor Vdrive is disclosed. However, in my pres- ' which is positioned a slide member 4I which is _ ' ent application I wish to point outthatthe pres ent invention is not dependent upon the specific electrical'drive shownin my above copending ap, hollow and in the head portion of which is lo-V cated an oriñce 42 through which is directed a spirally twisted fiatbar member 43 which is se cured to the member 44 permanently connected withthe window ventilator portion I 2. With the exception of the substitution of the member 43 for the _cylinder 29 and the substitution of the plication. as any reversible electrical motor drive may be used for the operation of the ventilator window l2 in which there is an equivalent of the driven worm wheel I9 on the driving axis 0f which there is a drive pinion, as the pinion 20 ine 1o. hollowV slide member 4| for the slide member 25 dicated in Fig. 1. For Vthe purpose oiî tliepresent ' the> rest of the apparatus is identical with that ' applicationreversible driving. >power is derivedY _shown in Figs. 1 to 4. _ Y Y fromia'pinion 20 mounted ori-thel'iousing I5,k In operation, the ventilator window |_2 may be the said pinion 20 is engaged with a rack member 15 opened or closed, as the case may be, by means of the motorl I6. When the motor I6 is electrical ly energized in one direction, the pinion2ß will Y ' 2 I. The said rack member is supported in a hori zontal slidable mannerY on the housing I5 by means _of slide holdingmembers such as those move the rack 2| to the left-hand side, as shown in Fig. 3 thereby raising the connecting link 2'I shown at 22.' These slide members may be weld -edor otherwise aflîixedt‘o the housing l5 in any 20 which causes the slide member 25 to slide up- . ward'lyvin the slideways24 located in thehousing convenient mannerso that the rack _2|Íis Vhorie -|_5. ~When this action takes> place, the> trans-V zontally slidable, on. the ¿housing | 5. O__n the _end versally: located pin lined inthe upper portion .oîthefrack remote _from the pinion Zû thereis of_ the slide member 25Äw`ith end portions'en engaged asegmentalgear which is Lpivoted Qnthe housingv by means of the stud ¿Ilv which is se 25 gaging in the spiral grooves 3i]Y and 3| turns vthe cylinder 29 in >the'door frame I4 andv thereby cured in theside _of_the_housi_ng v|_5,_'see Fig. 4. causes the ventilator window 'I2' which is at Within the housing I5 I Vhave located a vertical tached tothe cylinder lilfll'to swing open,_`as shown _in Fig. 3. In a reverse manner 'the windowV I2 I . yupper.¿surface of the housinglì VAt a p_oint just 30 is closed when the directionof the reversible mo- ' tor I6 isoperated -in the other direction Yreturn ‘,above vthetop of. the housing AI5 onV the slide 25 ing the apparatus yto the position shown in Fig. -2. Ihave locatedanother stud 26 which is secured member'i125, whichextends _upwardly above the jin; the slidezâfa‘nd on which _ispivoted acon In the modiñcat'ion shown in Figs. and 6 (the cylinder 29 and slide 25 is substituted for by the necting rod member 2l. 'I‘he _opposite end of the connecting lever 2_1 Visjourn'alled around another 35 spiral member 43 and 4| respectively, the rest of the mechanism being exactly the sameand the Vsame results are attained with -th'eìvvindow I2 studindicated at `28 which is similar to the stud 21, the stud 28 being ñxed Vto the lower portion of the segmental gear 23,V as shown inthe draw as previously described where the cylinder 29 is used. Onrthelower side _oi _thefwindow ventilator . 40 ymember |/2 _I have fixed _a cylinder member'Zâ. i __ This cylinder _253 maybejjournalledat its upper Y pivoted. endin _any convenient manner within Í _ the @door f_ramel4 such that when the cylinder Y . For thepurpose of simplicity I haveshown'my invention in very simpledrawings .in_whi'chïthe. basic structure is set forth .in _its simplest forms; yet itis to `be understood ithat I may vary _the details _of `'this strutcurefior shop purposes or 29_is¿rotated,within _the _frame of the door I 0 the 45 for production requirements withinwide latitude window ventilator I2 will swing in a horizontal without departing from the spirit of the inven-_Y i '_ plane either to the right or the left-hand side, as _ viewed . . , _ . .. . ~ The _cylinder 29 is provided with double spiral tion. ~ _ _ Having thus describedy -my*inventionwhat clairnasnewis: ¿A _ _¿ _ _ .l 'Y tracks 30 and 3| in which voperates'a pin mem 50 1. -In an automobile door having _fa-door frame ber 32. By an yinspection of Fig. 4 it will be noted and a swinging ventilator window, the combina that the pinmember 3271s located in the’upper tion of a reversible electric motor and d_rivenpin portion of the slide member 25, ,as indicated at ion mounted in a housinglocated within ¿said 33. _This portion 33 of the slide V2_5 is _comparable door, a rack member slidably mountedon said to a similar construction in the upper portionsv 55 housingrone end of__ which isj engaged with rsaid of a connecting rod in internal combustion eri-` gines and the pin which is tightly >secured’ in the ‘portionf33 is comparable to a wrist-pin of the _said `internal combustion engine, to the eiîect pinion and the other _end of Whicnisengaged _with a segmental gearr member pivoted on said housing, a _slide member s_lidably located on vsaid housing, a pivoted Vlinl;` memberwconnectingfsaid that when the slide member 25 is moved in a ver 60 slide member _with said gear memben-a cylindrical tical direction the pin 32 will slide in the tracks member provided with rspi-ral tracks _located in 30 and 3|Y and because of the fact that the rslide 25 cannot revolve, the cylinder which is revolv able in the door frame I4 will revolve; therefore the side of said cylinder one end _of said cylinderV being pivoted in said door frame and attached to said pivoted window, a crQss-pinlocated through' the ventilator window |12 will be'~aiïee'ted and 65 òne end of said slide member and engaged with Vcaused topivotinthe door frame I4. ` _ It willthus ¿beseen that when the electrical said cylinder and ventilator Awindowl'when*said ‘ motor I6 is operated _in either rof its two reversi-v I ble directions,_the raclf:- 2| will _slidein one vor another >_Q;_oposite direction and therebyY causethe cylinder _24 _torotate on its axis in _a correspond Í .ing direction,__v thereby causing the _ventilator member` |2 to swingeither to a _closed «or »an open positicnasthecasemay be. _. _ _» Y „ In Fig, 5 I' have shown a slight modiñcation s_aid cylinder tracks for the ,purposev of Vturning slide is raised or lowered. _' ï _- 2. In an automobile door having a‘d'dor iframe 70 and a swinging ventilator' window., ‘the- combina tion of_ a reversible electric'motongeared'drive engaged with a horizontally 'slidable-rack 'mem Y berÁ mounted on afhou'sin'g fixed withinÍsaìd door, _a v“c_:ylii-ideif. vertically mountedfin said dòor'l‘rame 75Y having oneend öpeh arid y'the'otherferiti A‘fiíiedlîo ' 2,404,432 5 said Ventilator window and pivoted in said door frame, a slide member vertically mounted in said housing having one end extending into said cyl inder, a cross-pin located in said slide the ends of which are slidably engaged in spiral tracks located in the sides of said cylinder, a link mem ber pivoted at one end to said slide, the other end of said link being pivoted to a segmental gear pivoted on said housing, said gear being engaged with said rack for the purpose of raising and lowering said slide When said rack is moved hori zontally, thereby rotating said cylinder and caus ing said window to swing. 3. In an automobile door having a frame and a swinging Ventilator Window, the combination 6 tion with a reversible electrically driven rack member mounted on a housing located in said door, a pivoted member located on said housing and engaged with said rack, a slide member lo cated in said housing, a link member connecting said pivoted member with said slide for the pur pose of sliding said slide member when said rack is moved, a pivoted member attached to said win dow and pivoted in said frame and having Va spiral surface located thereon, means for engag , ing one end of said slide with said spiral surface for the purpose of rotating said spiral-surfaced pivoted member when said slide is operated. 5. In an automobile door having a pivoted ven tilator window, a door frame and an internal housing located within said doorl on which is located an electrically operated horizontal rack member one end of which is engaged with a piv door, a spiral-actuated member pivoted in said oted gear, a pivoted spirally tracked member at frame and attached at one end to said Ventilator, a slide member engaged with said spiral member, 20 tached to said window and pivoted in said frame, a slide member engaged with the spiral portion said slide being linked to a pivoted member piv of said spirally tracked member, a crank member otally engaged with said rack member, said piv connected said slide member and said gear mem oted member engaging said slide member for the ber for the purpose of raising and lowering said purpose of raising said slide and turning said spiral member which is attached Ito said Venti 25 slide member on said Spiral member when said rack is operated in a horizontal direction. lator window. y ' of a reversible motor and motor-driven rack member mounted on a housing located in said 4. In an automobile door having a door frame and a pivoted ventilator window, the combina DANIEL L. CHANDLER. '