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Патент USA US2404532

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July 23,1946. l
Fil-ed sept. s, i944 '
2 sheets-sheet; '
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M ./R.,
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July 23, _1946.
W` |=>_ RQCKER
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Filed sept. aI 1944
2 sheets-sheet- 2
Patented July 23, 1946
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William Parks Rocker, Atlanta.,l Ga., assigner ‘to
Southern Spring BedfCompany, Atlanta, Ga., a ~
corporation of Georgia
Application September 8, 1944, Serial No. 553,229
and more particularly to devices of the type com_
monly employed to display and transport rela
tively small groups of bottles or similar containers
or articles.
upon which the carrier' is supported at any given
time. -The lower-most parts 'of the side frames
are turned inwardly toward the center of the'
bottom of thelcarrier and are pivotally connected
with the respective side edges of the bottom mem
ber along lines spaced somewhat inwardly from
This invention relates to display carrier devices
The carrier which is the subject of the pres
ent invention possesses all of the advantages and `
the planes of the side frames.
when not in_use.
The principal object of the present ‘invention
tained in fully “open erect ycondition against'all
ordinary'forces which might tèndfto disturb. its
These pivotal connections comprise two ofthe
is capable of performing all of the functions of
main pivotl points for collapsing the carrier,'and f
the carrier disclosed in United States Patent No.
2,333,954, granted to William P. Rocker and J. B. 10 the‘provisions just described make it «necessary
to move the bottom frame or rack of the carrier
Taylor on November 9; 1943; ¿Among these are
upwardly from the surface'upon which the car
the durability, relative rigidity, and long life Vof
rier is resting in order " to collapse the device.
the carrier,- as well as the specia1 features ofcon
However, when the `carrier'is loaded,A the weight>
struction which enable the carrier to ñrmly ern
brace the bottles when lifted by the bail and to 15 of the bottles resists anyupwardmovementof
the> bottom rack. andthe carrier. is thusjmain
be folded or collapsed into relatively flat condition
is to provide in a carrier of ‘this general type,
means for ensuring that the carrier when ñlled 20
shall remain in a fully extended upright position,
without danger of collapsing. It is customary in
Thel novel carrier may be constructed of metal .
rods or strips or any other suitable relatively stiff
but slightlyresilient material. 'The- several parts
may be soldered .at allvpoints of rigid connec.
tionY andthe pivot joints may 11e-provided> by
displaying the bottled goods for ready sale, to
fill a number of the carriers and stack them,
usually‘in the form of a pyramid, upon'the re :25 either rivets '_or eyes or loops bent into the‘rod
orwire elements.
5.,: 'Y
tailer’s floor, counter, or other flat base. It is
Other objects and'vr features of novelty'will'be
desirable therefore that each individual carrier
be maintained in its upright position to preserve
the equilibrium of the stack, especially .when one
or more carriers are removed therefrom, or even
if thedisplay stack is jarred or bumped by cus
apparent from the following v>speciii'cation 'when
read in connection'with the accompanying, draw
ings in which one embodiment >of the‘invention is
illustrated by way of example.’
tomers‘or by the shopping carts generally erri
ployed in self-service markets where carriers of
the type described are widely used.
In the drawings:
Figure ‘l is a perspective view of a carrier em
bodying the principles' of 'the invention, and
shown in its fully extended position and sus
taining the weight of its load of bottles from the
Y Locks or latching devices, or other mechani
cal contrivances or attachments,- probably could
bail or handle;
'~ `
be devised to accomplish the purpose stated, but
Figure 2 is an end view of the Ycarrier showing
such devices would not only increase the cost-l of
in solid lines the position of the parts when the
productionfbut would prove a nuisance to both
the storekeeper and the customer." The present 40 carrier is fully loaded and `>with the 'load' car
ried by the surface uponV which the carrier rests,
invention therefore provides novel-means incor
porated inthe structure of the carrier itself which
and in dotted lines the position of certain of the
will‘ensure the stability of the carrier once it is
filled with thebottles or other articles intended '
parts- when'the rload is supported bythe handle
to be displayed or carriedthereby.
as in Figure 1;
VThe invention, in vits preferred form, contem
plates the provision of a substantially,rectangular
collapsible skeleton frame having a bottom grid,
sideY and'end frames, vand a bail ori handle, the
various elements up to_ a certain `point corre
sponding »to equivalent- element's disclosed in the
patent to which reference l'has been made. In
` '
Figure 3 is an end view of the carrier in par
tially collapsed position, indicating graphically
the toggle-like movement of the parts whereby
the load forces the carrier toward erect or fully
open- position;
Figure 4 is an end view ofthe carrier in fully
collapsed position, as for storage or transporta
tion inV unloaded condition;
l s
the instant case, however, each of the side frame
Figure 5 is a side view of thecarrier substan
members is continuedfdownwardly to the extreme
bottom Vof the'device fand rests upon the :surface 55 tiallyrin the condition »shown in solid lines »in
Figure ‘2, and with av name plate or advertising
panel applied thereto; and
Figure 6 is a fragmentary detail view showing
a slight modification in the side frame and bot
tom frame connections.
upper portion of the carrier. In the solid line
position, theV upper side bars 20 are at their great
est distance apart and when in this position the
bottles may be very readily inserted or removed
from the carrier. Whenrthe loaded carrier is
The novel bottle carrier according to the ex
lifted by the bail 32, the toggle 29 is broken, the
emplary illustration in the drawings is indicated
pivot point 33 moving upwardly andthe side bars n
generally by the reference numeral l0, and com-`
prises essentially th'e bottom member or grid I2,
v2'0"»being drawn "inwardly- towardy eachother to
and the side members II. The bottom member.
I2 comprises the two side bars I3 Vwhich maybe'
ñrmly grip the bottles.
` '
One of the more important features of the in- ,A
' Vention will now be described with particular ref
formed of fairly heavy wire. Secured to the side
erenceto Figures 2 and 3 of the drawings. As
barsv I 3Y at their ends and extending from one>
previously indicated, when the carrier is in its
bar to the other across `the length of thecarrier _, „normalï'open or erect position, the lower por- d
are the spaced slates I4 which are preferablytions
I9 of vthe side frame elements I6 rest at
` made ofV sheet metal and attached to theV bars ' Vthe points A25 on the surface upon which the car
I3' by Welding. Each end of> each ofthe _bars I3
rierwis supported. Now upon collapsing the car
rier inpeither direction from this open or extend
yEach Yof Vthe two side frames II of the _carrier
ed position, the pivotpoint I'I between the arms
comprises a generally U-shaped wire element I6, 20 I 9 of the side frames and the side portions of the
the lower bar I'I of the; U being offset inwardly
bottom member I 3 will' rise at'ron'e side of "they car
from the <plane of the uprightelements I8 and
rier and that particular sideframe will fulcrum
is bent Vto form an eye I 5.
connected thereto bythe short end portions'l‘ê.
upon the point of contact 25. The pivot >point I'I
at the opposite'side of the carrier will however
25 remain at the same height, but the arm I9 and
Ysiteends ofthe bottom member'lZ.
the point of contact 25 at this opposite side of
Y Secured ras by Welding to the upper ends of
the carrier will rise'and' swing about the pivot
the `side uprights IB ofthe side member element
axis I'I. The end View shown in Figure 3 indi
The lower portion VI1 ofthe element I6 is re
ceivedi adjacent its ends in the eyes I5 at oppo
YISîistheïuppe'r side'rbarf20 whichV may be in the»
cat-esk very clearly >the extent of this movement
form of Sarlat strip having inwardly'bentarms 30 when the'carrier >has been moved to the partially
` V2| at'ea‘chvend thereof;Y A similar flat strip 22
collapsed position shown. It will be seen that
'is secured adjacentïthe lower portions of .the up
the pivotal axis I'I upon the `right’hand side of
rights Ir8'of the Íside elements andthis element
the carrier has 'risen through -a distanced from
, falso> has vinwardly,turned end'portionsr23.. The
its original position, and the floor or'bottom rack
'elements' I6, '20, and l22 ‘ thus comprise the skele
ï 'ton` side frame'niembers -II Yof the carrier which
member-> I2 at this side of the carrier has Vrrisen Y
a corresponding‘distance above the supporting
are pivoted to .the bottom member >I2 along Vvthe `
axes of therod portions I1; ' It will be notedthat :
these lpivotal Yor hinged axes are displaced in-`
surface. Therefore any weight applied to the bot
inffully openedïrposition the lower end's'of >the up
right >portions I 8 ofthe vside'frame'element I6
lwillV thus beY clearly understood that any force
resting uponthe bottom member I3 will tend Ãto
maintain the carrier in its fully openY position
against any forces which would tend to collapse
the carrier, since any-such forces would neces
sarily have ‘tof raise VoneY side or the Vother ofthe
:bottom 'frame about the fulcrums Fat the` points K'
tom ofthe carrier willV exert a downward force
upon the axis vI'I'in the direction of the arrow ci.
Y wardlyifrom the planes’of the side frames by a 40 This will tendY to restore the Vcarrier to its fully
distance equal .to the `length, of the loiïset por
open position, the adjacent side frame I¿|"tend- Y
tionsI .I9 of ‘the’ elements I6, and also that when
ing toY move in the directioniof the arrow b. It
rest 'directly upon the 'supporting surface as at
the points 25. i
VVTlie inwardly directedfend'arms 23ïof the lower
'side/bars" 2'2,Íare connected'r at each end nof the i
carrier. bythe link' ,21; this pivotal connection ,
i being eifected'by means: of the rivets 28. 'The in
wardly Vdirected arms2| 'of the upper side bars '
2IIV are similarly connected at *each endr'ofthe
carrier, but by means of the'doubleylinkag'e or
of contact 25;
In `Figure 470i the drawings, theïcarrier is
shown in fully collapsed or folded position. It
, toggleconnection29" the toggle> being pivotally
will be Seen that in this condition the bottom
frame member I2 occupies an approximately in
‘ connected to`the‘ar'ms 2I by means‘o'f the-rivets
30, and'ithe" 'tw'o' parts'of the toggle being'pivj- '
otally joined Vto each other andV to the adjacent
termediate position in alignment withV link 21,
toggle 29, vand bail 32, the toggle being enclosed
" loweriend'of the bail or handle 32, asiby‘means
closed by one half of -the Vtoggle member. The
side frame elements IB together with the side
bars 20 and`22 Aare vdisplaced outwardly somewhat
ofthe rivets *33.Y
vIt is noteworthy'that-the'centers lof Vthe -pivot
points oïithe'si-demembers and the bottom frame
at `one end by the link2-1 and the Ybail lbeing en
from -the'center'line of the folded construction, Y
along thebar ILiand-theïpivot-points 23 and 3i)
this displacementbeing substantially the length »
between the-.intermediate and upper rportions of I
of the offset portions I9 ofthe side elements.' It
will be seen thatv allzof the pivot points `of the
the side frames and the connecting linkages, all
normally occupy the same vertical .plane upon
eachïsideofgthe carrier, andrinvany case the re
spective pivot points upon either side of the car
rier occupy the same straightY line. This will be
, 3 clearly understood froman inspectionof Figures
, _2_,and V3V of the'drfawings. It will ¿alsoV be noted 70
- that the' arms 2'I and 23 of the side frames, and
structure at both sides -of the carrier have been
brought' into> alignment, these pivots being 'fthe
points I'I, 28,’ 30, and 33. 'Thus' the carrier is
brought to a substantially flat “positionfrwh'er'eby
they Vmay be stacked for -storage'or transporta
tion when not in use.A
vWithin the purview of the invention, both the
c ` the cross connection linkages 21 and 29 substan
bottom'member [Zand the side membersfI-I, or
i tially comprise the end'fr'ames of the carrier.
either o'f'thein Vmay be. made solid 'insteadof in
v’li‘he_showing in 4Figure 2 clearly demonstrates
skeleton form, and .in any case, the Aside members
' ‘ the-*function >of ¿the -toggle Vconnection 29` at the 75 may be thought: of as ycomprising a flat planar
tom edges or flanges. Furthermore, advertising
panels of sheet material may be secured in any
suitable way to the side frames.
In accordance with a modiiication of the in
vention, the bottom hinge bar I1 of the side frame
elements I I may be omitted and the inner ends of
the offset portions I9 made into eyes or loops
maintained in parallelism.
tioning of the stabilizing features since the side
members will still fulcrum upon the contact points
25 and the pivot points between the intercon
3. A collapsible bottle carrier comprising a
rigid rectangular bottom member, a pair of oppo
which form pivotal connections with the eyes of
the bottom member I2. This alternative ar
rangement interferes in no way with the func
links, and the corresponding upper bars also be
ing connected by means of links, said links and
said bottom member being all of substantially
the samel length, whereby upon collapsing the
carrier about all pivot points the side frames are
body portion with inwardly directed side and bot
sitely disposed relatively rigid side frames, the
side frames having mutually inwardly projecting
substantially E-shaped portions at each end
thereof, the corresponding lowermost bars of the
E-shaped end portions at each end of the side
nected eyes will rise just as in the case .of the
frames being pivoted to the ends of the side _por
tions of the bottom member, the corresponding
pivot axisV l1 of the ñrst embodiment.
It is understood that various other changes and
by means of links, and the corresponding upper
modiñcations may be made in the device as illus
middle bars of said endV portions being connected
' bars also being connected by means of links, saidy
links and said bottom member being all of sub
from the scope of the invention as determined by 20 stantially the same length, whereby upon collaps
trated and described herein without departing
the subjoined claims.
Having thus described the invention what is
claimed as new and desired to be secured by Let
ing the carrier about all pivot points the side
frames are maintained in parallelism, the bars of
the E being also substantially of the same length ,
whereby when the carrier is fully collapsed, the
ters patent is:
l. A collapsible bottle carrier comprising a 25 bottom members and the links are in the same
plane, while the two side frames are offset re
rigid rectangular bottom member, a pair of oppo
spectively to one side or the other of said plane
sitely disposed relatively rigid side frames, sub
to distances substantially equal to the length of
stantially L-shaped in vertical section, the bot
said bars.
tom bars of the L of each frame normally adapt
4. A collapsible bottle carrier comprising a rigid
ed to rest upon any surface upon which the car 30
rectangular bottom member, a pair of oppositely
rier is supported, said bottom bars being in
disposed relatively rigid side frames,` ther side
wardly offset toward each other and hingedly
frames having mutually inwardly projecting sub
connected with the side edges of the bottom
stantially E-shaped portions at each end thereof,
member, and means pivotally connecting the
side frames at points spaced from the bottom 35 the corresponding lowermost bars of the E-,shaped
end portions at each- end of the side frames be- .
member for maintaining said side frames in ap-V
ing pivoted to the ends of the side portions of
proximate parallelism under all conditions, all
the bottom member, the corresponding middle
whereby in order to collapse the carrier by swing
of said end portions being connected’by
ing movement at the hinged connections, one of
of links, and the corresponding upper bars
said hinged connections and the major portion
being connected by toggles, and a bail pivotally
of the bottom member must be elevated as the
connected to the center pivots of said toggles,
angle portion of the adjacent L-shaped side frame
fulcrums on the supporting surface and, con
trariwise a load on said bottom member when
said links, said toggle, and said bottom member ,
being all substantially the same length, where
the carrier is in partly collapsed position will 45 by upon collapsing the carrier about all pivot
points the side frames are maintained in paral
tend to erect the carrier.
lelism, the bars of the E being also substantially
2. A collapsible bottle carrier comprising, a rigid
of the same length whereby when the carrier is
rectangular bottom member, a pair of oppositely
fully collapsed, the bottom membenthe links,
disposed relatively rigid side frames, the -side
frames having mutually inwardly projected sub 50 the toggle, and said bail'are in partially-overlap
ping relationship in the same plane, whilev the
stantially E-shaped portions at each end thereof,
two side frames are offset respectively to one
the corresponding lowermost bars of the E-shaped
side or the other of said frame to distances sub
end portions at each end of the side framesbeing
stantially equal to the length of said bars.
pivoted to the ends of the side portions of the
bottom member, the corresponding middle bars of 55
said end portions being connected by means of
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