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Патент USA US2404557

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July 23, 1946.
G. R. ‘WOOD
2,404,557 ’
' FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS
Filed April 12, '1943
/57
8 Sheets-Sheet 1
FIG.
INVENTOR.
GEORGE -R. WOOD
ATTORNEY
July 23, 1946.
2,404,557
G. R. WOOD
FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS
Filed April 12, 1943
8 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
GEORGE R. WOOD
BY
July 23, 1946.
G. R. WOOD
'
2,404,557
FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS
Filed April 12, 1943
8 Shéets-Sheet 3
84
7
INVENTOR.
‘GEORGE. R. ,WOOD
ATTORNEYS
July 23, 1946.
_
G. R. WOOD
FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS
Filed April 12,1943
2,404,557
'
7
‘
s Sheets-Sheet 4
FIG.
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.
,
INVENTOR.
GEORGE
R._WOOD
July 23,1946.
‘
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GR. WOOD
I
2,404,557_
FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS
Filed April 12, 1943 _
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INVENTOR.
GEORGE
R. ’ WOOD
July 23, 1946.
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G. R. WOOD ,
‘
FOOD "HANDLING
APPARATUS
Filed April 12, 1945
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8 Sheets-Sheet 6
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INVENTORQ
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FIG.
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July 23, 1946.
2,404,557
G‘. R'. wooD
FOOD‘ HANDLING APPARATUS
- Filed April‘ 12, 1945
8 Sheets-Sheet 7
INVENTOR'.
GEORGE _ R_ wooo
BY
'
’
_%%VTORNEY
_
July 23,1946;
G. R.IWOIOD ‘
' ‘2,404,557
FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS
F‘iled A5111 12,- 1943
/79
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'
s Sheets-Sheet s
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FIG.
A52
'XIIZ
INVENTOR.
GEO'RGE R. WOOD
Patented July 23, 1946'
(2,404,557 ’
UNITED STATES PATENT‘ OFFICE»
2,404,557
7
FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS
George R. Wood, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, as
’
signer to Toledo Scale Company, Toledo, Ohio,
a corporation of.‘ New Jersey
Application‘ April 12, 1943,:Seri‘al No. 482,763
6 Claims.
(Cl. 146-102) '
1
>
This invention relates to food handling appa
ratus of the type in which a commodity tobe
sliced is reciprocated past an exposed portion of
the edge of a rotary circular knife, being slid along
a thickness gauge plate lying substantially in the
plane of the edge of‘ the. knife, so that a slice is
severed from the commodity each time it passes
the exposed portion of the. knife.
A basic problem which has faced slicing ma
chine designers has'arisen from the fact that the
2.
,
Fig. V is a. vertical sectional view, taken sub
stantially on the line V-—V of Fig. II.
I
Fig. VI is a fragmentary detailed view showing
knife driving mechanism.
1
.
.
H.
I
.
Fig. VII is a, fragmentary vertical sectional
view, taken substantially on‘ the line VI~I—-VII of
Fig. VIII is a plan View of mechanism for sup
porting and feeding commodities, the commodity
contacting tray being broken away.
_
Fig. IX is a fragmentary detailed View, partly
in section and, partly in. elevation, of other parts
of the commodity-supporting and feeding means.
Fig. X is a fragmentary view, in elevation,
commodities to be sliced on each machine are of
many sizes and shapes, and means must be pro
vid'ed for holding these variously sized and shaped
commodities so that they can be supported while
being carried past the cutting edge of the knife
taken substantially from, the position indicated
and can be moved toward the plane of the knife
after each slice has been severed.
It is an object of this invention to provide com
modity-feeding means for a slicing machine which
by the line‘ X—X of Fig. IX.
is adapted to handle variously shaped commodi
ties of many different sizes.
-
.
I
Fig. XI is a view, partly in section and partly
in elevation, of the commodity-carrying and
feeding. means, taken from the right side of Fig.
20 IV, certainparts being broken away.
'
Fig. XII isa vertical sectional view, taken sub-_
stantially‘ on the line XII-Jill‘. of Fig. XI, and-
'
It is a further object of this invention to pro
vide a commodity-feeding device which is adapted
showing avportion of the commodity-feeding
mechanism in three alternative positions:
to feed greasy or sticky commodities with a
minimum of friction or adhesion between the 25
7
Fig__ XIII is a fragmentary vertical sectional
view, on an enlarged scale, taken substantially
on the lineXIIL-XIII of Fig. XI.
_
, A
her.
Fig. XIV is a fragmentary‘ detailed view, taken
A further object of vthis invention is to provide
substantially on the line XIV—XIV of Fig. VIII.
a commodity-feeding device-which is adapted‘ to
feed extremely large commodities through a dis 30 Fig. XV is a, fragmentary vertical sectional
view, on an enlarged scale, showing sharpening '
tance greater than the distance through which
mechanism‘ employed in the slicing machine'illus
the, commodity-feeding device is moved and thus
trated in Fig. I in its inactive position.
A
'.
to enable the overall size of the slicing machine
Fig. XVI is a view similar to Fig. XV but-:show
with which it is used'to be substantially‘ smaller
commodity and the commodity-supporting mem
than would otherwise be possible.
35 ing the mechanism in active position.
_
Fig. XVII is? a fragmentaryview, ‘in elevation,
More speci?c objects and advantages are appar—
on a reduced scale, taken from‘ the right side of
ent from the description, in which reference is
Fig. XVI.
‘
had to the accompanying drawings illustrating a
Fig. XVIII is a detailed view, taken substanr'
preferred form of machine embodying the inven
40 tially on the line XVIII-XVIII of Fig; XV.
tion.
These speci?c drawings and‘the speci?c de
In the drawings:
scription that follows merely disclose and illus
Fig. I is a view, in elevation, of a slicing machine
trate the invention and are not intended to impose.
incorporating commodity-feeding mechanism
limitations upon the claims.
embodying the invention.
Erected above the rear left corner of a main
Fig. II is a view, in elevation, of the slicing 45 base H3- is a motor base H, upon the upper end
machine shown in Fig. I but taken from the, oppo
of which there is secured an electric motor I2
site side of the machine and shown with com
(Figs. I, VI and VII)‘ which has a substantially
modity-carrying and feeding devices removed.
horizontal‘ drive shaft: [:35‘. 'A motor pulley lit-is
Fig. III is a fragmentary plan view of the-slicing.
securedon the end of the shaft I3 and is engaged
machine showing the commodity-carrying. and.
by a driving belt I5 which. also engages the larger
feeding devices.
.
sheave of'a dual sheave pulley i6. journaled on a
Fig. IV is a front view, partly in section and
stub- shaft H which. is threaded into a drive hous-v
partly in elevation, of the slicing-machine. shown
ing Is also. mounted above the base: [:0. Lubri
in Fig. I, taken from the right sideof Fig. I.
cation of the pulley I6 is provided by. means'of
2,404,557 I
I
_
e
plate mounting frame 5|, which is in the form '
of a hollow plate, by means of four mounting
screws '52 which pass through horizontally elon
an oil cup l9 which is connected to an oil passage
Q in the shaft l1. A second belt 20 is engaged in
3 the smaller sheave of the dual sheave pulley I6
‘
1
1
‘
=
gated holes 53 in the gauge plate mounting frame
5| and are screwed into four threaded sockets 54
and also is engaged in an annular groove 2| cut
in the periphery of a knife hub 22 which is
mounted on a. knife shaft 23. The shaft 23 is
welded on the rear face of the gauge plate 49.»
The holes 53am elongated to permit adjustment
vjournaled by means of roller. bearings 24 in a;
horizontally-bored boss 25 formed in a part of
of the gauge plate 49 withrespect tothe gauge
the drive housing I8.
plate mounting frame 5| and‘thus to locate the
The knife hub 22 has a shouldered section 26 .10. edge 50 of the gauge plate concentrically with the
which extends through an aperture located at the‘ " ' knife 21 and to permit it to be moved radially of
3 the V knife to compensate for decreases in the
5 22 by means of ?ve knife mounting screws 28.._ diameter thereof caused by sharpening. The
1 center of a circular knife 21 secured tothehub
.gauge‘nplate' mounting frame 5| is removably
ITheymotor l2 which rotates the knife 21'isvcon-? »
trolled by a switch 29 (Fig. I)‘ mounted 'on its]j
‘
outermost
end.
_
V
mounted on alflaiir of vertical pins 55 which ex
161.5. ten'd
upwardly from a gauge plate bracket 56
The knife 21 is substantially dishéshape'd', hav- . : .and enter a bored'web 51 and a pair of bored.
bosses .58 formed on the hollow interior of the "
ing a hollowed-out front face 30 and an amine .
‘ larly-shaped cutting edge 3|. The knife " 'i's “ ' gauge plate mounting frame 5|, the continuous
guarded, in order to preventinjury to the ?ngers 20 bored web 51 serving to guide the pins into their
of an operator, by means of a knife guard com
prisinga top section 32 (Fig. 11); a rear section
‘
3
‘
‘
‘
correct locations.
'
r
'
The ‘gauge plate mounting bracket 56 is se
cured, by-means of a .pair of bolts 59, to an up
33 and a face plate 34. The guard sections 32 ‘
turned right edge of a slice-receiving platter 6!!
and 33 are substantially U-shaped in‘cross sec
tiOIILBXtGHdiIIg around both sides of the annular 25 which is located at the-rear of'the gauge plate
49 above the base Ill. The slice-receiving platter
cutting edge 3| of the knife. A guard supporting
60 is supported by means of four bored ears 6|
stand 35 (Figs. I, V and VI) is erected ontop' of
which extend downwardly! through four trans
the drive housing l6 and has two substantially
versely elongated'apertures- 62 in the upper sur
horizontal arms 36'and 31. ' At the end of each‘
of the arms 36 and 31'there is formed a boss 38 30 face of the base ‘l6 and are mounted on a pair
of horizontal parallel shafts 63. The shafts 63
; through which extends a thumb screw 39. Each
1
'
i
'1
are substantially perpendicular to the plane of
of the thumb screws 39 is threaded into a nut 40
the face of the gauge plate 49 and are each slid
which is welded on one of a pair of tabs _4| of the
able longitudinally in a pair of bored cars 64
face plate 34. The face plate 34 is held in posi
tion in the hollow face .30 of the knife 21 by 35 formed on the undersurface of the base l9 and
extending downwardly into the hollow interior
means of the nuts 40 and screws 39,_pins_42,
which extend upwardly from the top of the/base
Rack teeth 65, which are cut in the upper sur-- 7
l0 and are engaged in holesfin a turned-over
face of each of the shafts 63, are engaged by
?ange 43 of the face plate 34,v and a center point
44 (Fig. V) on. the end of the knife shaft 23.. 40 one of a pair of pinions 66 cut in an indicator
thereof.
‘ 33 andby that one of the screws v39-which passes
‘ through the boss 38 of the arm 31 and also
through an ear 46 on the upper .end of the guard
portion 33.
-
"
‘"
"
'
shaft 61 rotatably journaled transversely to the
The rear portion 33 of the knife guard-is held in ‘
I place around the rear of the knife 21 by means
1 of the engagement ‘of a pin 45, which extends
upwardly from'the base l0 near one of the pins
‘ 42, with‘ a’hole' in the foot of the guard'po'rtion 45
‘
‘
a
‘shafts 63. The indicatorshaft '61 extends ex
teriorly of the base |9 through an‘opening in the
front wall thereof and has an indicator knob 68
secured'on its outermost end. A small coiled
spring 69 surrounds the shaft’ 61, being com
pressed between the inside of the front wall of
the base I0 and a washer 10' on the shaft 61 to
furnish, sufficient friction to hold the ‘shaft 61
The upper guard portion 32 is >pivotally 50 stationary unless'rotated by the knob 69.
. series of indicia 1| scribed on the conical periph~
I mounted- on the thumb screw 39; there being’ an
ery of the knob 68 cooperates with an index 12
to indicate therelative position of the gauge plate 7
ear 41 formed in its rear end through which the
. thumb screw 39 extends.
The front end of the
49 with respect to the plane of the knife 21 and
upper guard portion 32 is supported on the other
thus
the thickness of the slices of commodity to
one of the thumb screws 39 which extends 55
be severed.
I
through the boss v38 onthe arm 36 and isenr
When thecgauge plate 49 is moved to the limit
gaged in a slot 48 cut in the guard ‘portion 32.
2 of its travel to the left in Fig. IV, itcan be re;
moved from the bracket 56 to facilitate its clean- /
The knife guard may be disassembled from around
the annular; cutting edge of the 'knife'21 by
1 loosening the thumb screws 39 and sliding» them
60
1 out of the bosses. 38’ to disengage them from the
ears 41 and 46 of the guard portions 32 and 33
V respectively.
and 42.
'
a formed de?ector‘plate 13 (Figs. I and IV) which
is mounted on the forward side of the drive hous
The guard portion 33 and center
I
'
'
'
Slices of commodity severed by the knife 21 are
deflected onto the slice-receiving platter .60 by
plate 34 may‘then be disengaged from the pins
45
ing by sliding it off the pins 55.
65
The'thickness of slices severed from a com
‘ modity- reciprocated past the exposed cutting
1 portion of the knife? 21 is determined bythe posi- ‘
ing |8 and'motor I2. The deflector plate must
be closely adjacent the Vrear'edge of the knife
21 so that slices of commodity; no matter how
thin, will be vf‘peeled” from the knife and de?ect
ed onto ‘the platter 60. In addition it is desirable
I tion of a gauge. plate 49 which lies in aplane
‘ parallel'tov the plane of the .edge of the knife 21 70 that the deflector plate bev removable so that
the rear surface of the knife may be thoroughly
. and is adjustable up to, and away from, such
cleaned of grease and fat which collects thereon.
planed The'gauge plate 49 has a concave edge 5|]
The de?ector plate is mounted by‘ means of a
which‘. is substantially concentric with the knife
rod 14 (Fig; V) which is studded in the left wall
I new is located closely‘adjacent thereto. >
. The gauge‘ plate V4!! is mounted ‘on ‘a gauge 76 of vthedrivev housing .»|8 substantially parallelTto
2,404,5Q7
6.
theknife shaft 23.. The rod 14' is, engaged in. a
tube 96.- which, is mounted parallel to therai-ls
bore 15 which is located near the upper end of.
84 and 85in a. pair of bored. ears 9.1 which ex
tend. downwardly from the commodity tray car
riage?l between the fork 8.1 and sleeves 8.9.; The.
the de?ector plate ‘I3. The de?ector plate 13 is
held'l'n position, audits. positionis adjusted with
respect. to the. knife. 21 by means of; va shouldered En 7 tube 916 isplongitudinally slidable in the ears; 91 I
pin ‘l6 (Figs. V and VI)v which is mounted on a
and, is" held, in, its central position by means of a.
bracket ‘I1, adiustably secured tolthe lower front
pair of coiled springs 98,, one of‘ which surrounds
wall. of the drive housing I8; The pin 1% is en
each of its ends, being located, between a ?anged
gageable» with a hole. ‘I8 bored through; the de
end; of; the tube 96 and; the respective car 91.
?ector plate ‘I3 and: heldtherein by the engage 10 A rubber cushion 990’ is mounted’ at each end‘of
ment of. a small clip'lB. in a‘groove, 80 cut in the
the tube 95-. When thetcarriage reaches the end
body of the pin 16. By adjusting. the position of
of its path, one of the cushions 9.9; strikes one.
the. bracket TI and. pin 16-," the proximity of the
of- the stops 9.5; and that one, ofthe. springs 98
located at the end, of thero‘d which has: struck
the knife 21. can be adjusted, By. disengaging 15.. the; stop 95 is compressed to ease the abrupt
the pin. 16 from.- the. hole 18,. the de?ector plate
shock. of engagement, andv upon expansion. to >
13 can be slid off the rod ‘I4. and removed from
initiate the movementv of the carriage. in the op
the. machine to be cleaned and, in combination
posite direction. The carriage- can be locked in
withthe removal of the guard portions 32 and 33,
any desired position on the rails; by means; of a
the. face2 plate 34. and the gauge plate. 49, to ex
set screw I00 (Figs. IV and XI.) threaded through
pose the; entire edge and front face and a large
one leg- of the fork. 81 and engageable. with the
portion of the rear face of the knife 21 for
side of the rail 84.
cleaning.
Three substantially parallel and horizontalrails
Commodities to be sliced are carried past the
I05, I02 and I03 are formed. on-the upper spider- '
exposed forward portion of the knife, 21 by means
like. surface of the commodity tray carriage I12v
of a commodity tray 8| (Figs. IV and XI). The
and extend'transversely across the carriage. The
edge of the'de?ector plate;v 1.3..to the rear face of
commodity tray 8| comprises a commodity tray
carriage 82 which is mounted for reciprocation
on. a line substantially parallel to the plane of
rails I OI , I02 and I03 serve as tracks for a, roller
I04, a. pair of rollers I05 and. a'pair' of rollers I06
respectively which are journaled in a commodity
clamp frame I01 (Figs. VIII, IX and XI). The
rail I02 is in the form of a U shaped channel
member open at the top, and the rails-1 IM and
I03 are supplied with ?at retainers I08 which
form one sideof U shaped channel members, open
atthe side and are removable to permit the re.
the edge of the knife and of the gauge plate. .
Two rail supporting brackets 83 (Fig. II) are
’ secured on the, upper surfaces. of the base I0 at
theright-side of the slicing machine. Two paral
lel rails 84 and 85, are mounted on the brackets
83 and extend substantially horizontally along
the. base I0. The. commodity tray carriage 82 is
Y
movallofthe frame I01. The two rollers I06.are
mounted on the rails 84, and 35, being supported
onthe rail 84 by a “wheelbarrow” roller .86 (Figs.
IV and XI) which is journaled on a horizontal
journaled on horizontal axes and- prevent. rota.
tion of the frame In‘! on a horizontal line suh—
stantially parallel to the plane» of the knife and
axis in, a fork 81 extending downwardly from 40 gauge. plate. The two rollers I05 are journaled on
the commodity tray carriage B2 and which rolls
vertical axes and prevent rotation of, the frame
The roller
III'Iv on a vertical line substantially parallel to
881s located approximately beneath the center
of gravity of the commodity tray 8| so that most
of the weight of the tray and the commodity
carried thereby is supported by such roller.
A pin 88. extends between the legs of the fork
8.‘! parallel to the axisof the roller 86 but beneath
on. the upper surface of the rail 84.
the knife and gauge plate. The’roller I04 is journaled on, a horizontalaxis and prevents rotation
of the frame I01 on the third major axis, l. eta
line substantially perpendicular-to the plane of‘
the gauge plate and the knife.
the rail 84 to prevent the commodity tray from
being lifted off the rail 84. The commodity tray
44)
The commodity clamp frame IN is urged to
the left by the bias of a coil spring. I09 which sur
5.0 rounds a. rod I I0 mounted in the gauge plate car
carriage 82 is guided by means of a pair of sleeves
89' which are formed on the underside of the
riage 82. substantially parallel to» the rails IOI-,
- 82. are established by the engagement of a bumper
partly broken away in Fig. VIII). The plate II9
94 with either one of a pair of stops 95 (Fig. II),
one of which is a portion of each of the support
ing brackets 83. The. bumper 04 comprises a
has a long ?at face I20 which extends upwardly
at a slightangle to the horizontal, toward the
rear- of the carriage 82? on- the upper surface of
I02 and i703 and which. abuts against a sidewall
carriage 842- and slidingly engaged around the
I I I at the outerside of the carriage 02' and a col
rail 05.. The sleeves 89- and rail 85 are spaced
lar IIZ secured to'the underside of the frame I01
horizontally a substantial distance from the rail 55 through which the rod I.I,0 extends. The frame.
84. so that very little of the load on, the carriage
II’I'I can however be locked at the right side of the
is supported by the rail 85 and. a wide base of
carriage 82 by means of the engagement of: a
support for guiding the carriage is- afforded. The
latch H3 (Fig. IX) with a pin H4 extending
rail 85 is; lubricated from an oil reservoir 90 (Fig.
horizontally from the back of the carriage 82.
XI) which is formed in the hollow interior of
The» latch H3. is swivelable on a pin II5» (Fig.
that portion of the carriage 82 forming one of the
XI) which is, studded into a. portion of the frame
sleeves. 89.
50‘! and is releasable by means of a handle H6
.The. commodity tray carriage is reciprocated by
secured to the latch H3. and. journaled on the
means of a handle 9| which is mounted on the
pin II5. The limit. of travel of the frame. I01 t0.
forward end of a handle bracket-92 extending 6.5; the left is established by a set screw I I ‘I which is
upwardly and forwardly fromthe commodity tray
engaged by a portion of an arm I I8 of the frame
carriage. 8.2. A thumb guard‘93 is integrally cast
is‘? when the frame is moved to the left.v
_
with the handle bracket 92 and affords protection
The arm I I8 of the frame I01 extends up
for the operator’s thumb» when» the carriage is
wardly to the rear of the frame. above the rear
moved entirely past the exposed. edge of the knife. 70' edge off. a trough-shapedv commodity-carrying
21. The limits of reciprocation of the carriage»
plate I I9 (shown in cross section in Fig. XI and '
2,404,557;
them across the face of the ‘plate II9 toward‘the'
whichrthe plate I I9 is mounted, and a short face
I2 I which extends upwardly substantially at right
gauge
plate.
a
p
i
.
To cooperate with the clamp I38 in the ban:
angles to the face I20 andis located at the front
dling of various types of larger size commodities,
of the carriage 82 immediately back of the han
there is provided an end plate I48 which is jour
dle bracket 92. The plate I I9 is mounted on the
naled On a pin I49 mounted at the lowermost
carriage 82-by means of a plurality of angular
ends of two brackets I50 and I5I secured to the
clips I22 (Figs. VIII and XIV) which have'elon
arm I I8 and a second arm I52 of the clamp frame
gated apertures I23 in their horizontal arms and
I01‘ respectively. The end plate I48 is provided
bolts I24 which extend downwardly through the‘
plate H9 and the apertures I23. The vertical 10 with a plurality of meat-engaging points I53 on
' each of its faces and, being swivelably mounted
arms -of the clips I722 have forked ends I25 ‘be
on the 'pin I49, may be placed in any one of the
tween- the bifurcations of which extend, bolts 1 I 26
three positions shown" in Figs. III and XII to han
inserted through holes in the side walls of the’
carriage 82. The platei'l I9 supports the various
commodities which are to ‘be sliced on the ma
chine, and, in orderto prevent their sagging be
tween‘the'edg'e of the plate I I9 and the gauge
plate,»the left edges of the faces I20 and I2I of
the plate II9 extend closely adjacent the plane
of the‘edgeof the knife 21. The apertures I23
in the clips I22 are elongated to permit adjust;
ment of the position of the plate I I9 with respect I
to such plane.
‘
.
dle commodities in the following ways; ~
15
7 v 1
Position Are-When in the position shown in
solid lines it serves as an extension for-the platej
l I9 to support the ends of long commodities, such
as slabs of bacon, which ‘would otherwise "sag
down over the end of the plate H9, thus creating
friction rendering the feeding of the commodity
more difficult. Also in "this position the prongs
I53, which extend upwardly, engage the under
surface of the commodity being handled and
> On the upper end of the arm II8 of the com
assist the prongs on themember I45 of the com
modity clamp frame I01 is a counterbored hori
zontaliboss I21 through which extends a shoul
modity clamp I38 to feed the commodity toward
dered shaft I28 which also extends through a hole
the gauge plate,
_
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Position B.~—Whenv in the second horizontal
in an arm I29 andis threaded into an arm I30
of'the bifurcated rear end of a clamp arm I3I.
position the end plate I48 cooperates with the
tray. A shoulder I33 (Fig.2!) on the boss I21~
held by the engagement of its edge with a hinged
“clamp I38 to engage a ?at commodity on both
A small spring I32 surrounds the shouldered shaft 30 its upper and lower surfaces and also furnishes
an “easy-ride” attachment to break the suction
-I 28 and is slightly compressed between the shoul->
between the undersurfaces of greasy commodities
.der on such shaft and the bottom of the counter
and the face I20 of the plate H9, as thecom-j
bore, in the boss I21 to furnish friction to hold
modities are moved toward the gauge plate.
7
theclamp arm I 3| in the position shown in
Fig. XI whenit is lifted out of the commodity 35 Position C.—'In vertical’position (in'which it is
latch I54 mounted on the bracket I5!) the end
plate I48 serves as an auxiliary pusher for feed
tweenigth'e bifurcations thereof to limit the up,
ing commodities which are too long to be inserted
ward swing of the clamp I3I. A substantially
C shaped stop I35 is formed on the side of the 40 in front of the plate I39 of the clamp I38. For
example, a long meat loaf may be placed in'the
arm I30 and has a ?at end I36 (Fig. X) which,
tray and the end plate I 48 put in its “C” posi4
when the frame I01 is moved to the left, slides
tion with the clamp I38 moved out of the tray
behin'd‘an upwardly extending stop I31 secured
(as shown in Fig. XI). When the latch I I3 is re-"
on theirear‘of the carriage 82 to prevent the clamp
arm I 3| from being swung upwardly when a 45 leased and the clamp frame I01 moved toward
the gauge plate, the end plate feeds the com
clamp I38 (Fig. XI) carried thereby is adjacent
modity toward the gauge plate until the arm I I8
the plane of the gauge plate and the knife and
of the frame I01 hits the stop screw II'I. At this
would,‘ if swung upwardly, damage the knife guard
point the end plate has reached a position slightly
and other mechanism surrounding the'knife. ‘
The clampv I38 comprises a ?at plate I39 to so to the left of the position in which the plate I39
is shown in Fig. IV. The commodity clamp frame
which is riveted a disk I40 carrying a, stub shaft
' I01, end plate I48 and clamp I38 are then moved
MI.‘ The stub shaft, MI is journaled in a bored
to the right and the clamp I38 swung downwardly
boss I42 formed in the end of the clamp arm I3I
behind‘ the end of the commodity to continue
and held therein by a screw I43 which is threaded
feeding it toward the gauge plate as slices are
into: the end of the shaft MI. The face of the
severed therefrom until the frame I01 vagain
plate I39 lies in a plane parallel to the planes
strikes the stop screw I I1 at which time the plate
of the gauge plate and of the edge of the knife
is engaged by a corner I34 on the arm I 3I be
21. A plurality of commodity engaging points I44
I39 of the commodity clamp has reached the edge‘
of thecommodity-supporting plate II9 immedi
a substantially U, shaped pronged member I45 is, 60 . ately adjacent the plane of the edge of the
are riveted to the front face of the plate I39, and
riveted to a’ horizontally-turned ?ange I40 of ,
the plate I39. ‘A pair of buttons I41 are riveted
one at‘eachend of the member I45 extending
knife 21.
-
Because the edge of the commodity-supporting
plate I I9 must be so closely adjacent the plane of
the knife, and because the commodity tray must be
downwardly ‘below the ends of the prongs thereon
toslide along the ‘surface of the face I20 to pro 65 moved entirely past the cutting edge of the knife
in order completely to sever slices of commodities,
tect the face from injury by the prongs on the
provision must be made for the rear end of the
member I45 when the clamp I38 is swung down
face I20 of the commodity-carrying plate II9 to:
wardly into commodity pushing position; The
clear the rear guard portion 33. 'For that reason"
clamp I38 may be dropped on ?at commodities, 70, the rear guard portion has a cutout section‘ I55.
such as bacon, (to clamp them down on the face
and the end of the commodity tray is moved
I 20 and, by engagement with the pronged mem
through the space thereby afforded. However
ber I.45;therewith, to slide them toward the gauge,
since cutting out this portion of the guard ex
plate." The‘ face of the plate I39 is placed behind
poses a segment of the edge of the knife 21, an,
commoditieasuchas meat loaves, etc., to push I we; arcuate edge guard I56 is mounted on the guard
2§4045557
.10
r
adjacent‘ the edge of the knife 21 midis adjust
they 'will not be smeared by grease orrat. thrown
therefrom and the upper vguard portion 32 is
able radially ‘oi the knife‘ to compensate ‘for de
creases in the‘ diameter thereof due t'o'shai‘pen
the knife.
portion 33 with itsinneriiiost curved edge closely
ing_
.
v
‘
'
.
‘The ‘rotary knife '21 ‘is sharpened by means of
a ‘sharpening attachment I51 which is movable
from its ‘inactive position shown in Fig. XV to its
active position shown Fig; XVI when the upper
guard portion 324s thrown back out‘or the Way
asshown in Fig. XVII. In order to 'mo've'this
upper guard portion into the position shown in
Fig XVI, the knurled screws 39 must be loosened
to free the’fro'nt ‘end of the guard portion 32 from
that one of the screws 3.9 in the arm 36 and allow
swu'ngba'ck into position to guard the‘edge 'of
1
_
'
The embodiment of the invention that has been
disclosed may be ‘modified to meet various-re-'
quirements.
..
.
I
Y
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. commodity ‘feedin'game'ans for‘ a slicing ma
10 chine having a commodity tray reeip'r“ ‘ ble past
an exposed cutting edge of a ‘rotary circular knife
‘comprising a frame movable along said tray and
generally perpendicular to‘ the path 'of reciproca
tion of .said tray,- ‘an arm ‘pivotally mounted at
15 one end ‘on said frame, a pusher. pl‘ate mounted
it to be pivoted on the other of the screws 39.
sharpening attachment I51 is mounted on
on the other end of said him; said ‘pusher plate
having commodity engaging ‘members in ‘at least
the uppeiiiiost end of a vertically ‘slid'abl‘e post
one of its faces and in at least one orits edges,
and a plate overlyingsaid tray ‘and hinged ‘on
I58 'which is located in a bore I59-in the ‘center of
the bracket 35 onth'e upper end or the drive hous 20 said frame near that end or ‘said frame farthest
removed from the plane of the edge or said
ing I8. Two vertical's'lots I60 are cut in the walls
knife, the last mentioned plate having commodi- .
of the bracket 35, and ‘a pin I$I is engageable in
ty engaging projections on. its faceshand being
one ‘or the other of such 'slots'rdepehding upon
movable. to at least two‘ "different ‘position'sy'a
whether the ‘sharpening device is in active or in
?rst position being. with its face in a plane sub~
inactive position. The vertical movement of the
.stantially. parallel to’ th'elfa'ce. of the» ?rst ih'en
sharpening device is limited by a set ‘screw I62
threaded into the lower end of the post I58 and ~ tioned plate and to the p'laneof theedge of said
knife, a second position being substantially hori
by a washer I63 surrounding the screw I62. A
zontal and closely overlying said tray.
set screw I64, threaded horizontally through the
2. Commodity feeding means for a slicing ma
bracket 35, is engageable with either of two ?ats 30
chine having a commodity tray reciprocable past
I65 cut on the sides of the post I58 to lock the
an exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife
comprising a frame movable along said tray and
generally perpendicular to the path of movement
active position as shown in Fig. XV to its active 35 of said tray, an arm pivotally mounted at one
position as shown in Fig. XVI the following steps
.end on said frame, a pusher plate mounted on‘
the other end of said arm, said pusher plate hav
are taken: The set screw I64 is loosened and the
ing commodity engaging members in at least one
sharpening device is pulled upwardly until the
of its faces and in at least one of its edges, and
washer I63 engages the underside of the bracket
35, at which time the pin I5I is free of that one 40 a plate hinged to said frame along a line parallel
to the plane of said knife at a point nearthat
of the slots I60 in which it was inserted. The
sharpening device is then swiveled horizontally
end of said frame farthest ‘removed from the
plane of the cutting edge of said knife and adapt
until the pin IBI engages the other one of the
ed to be positioned horizontally in either of two
slots I69 and then the sharpening device is low
positions, said plate in one position closely over
ered until the pin I62 engages a stop I66 in the
lying said tray and adapted to support a com
interior of the drive housing I8.
modity being fed by said commodity engaging
The sharpening device comprises a pair of in
member from said tray and in the other position
vented substantially U shaped brackets I61 and
extending beyond the end of said tray for sup
I68 in the arms of each of which there is jour
porting the end of a long commodity being fed
naled a shaft I69 or I10 respectively. The shaft
by said commodity engaging member.
I69 passes through the two arms of the frame
3. Commodity feeding means for a slicing ma
I61 and carries on one end a ?nishing wheel I1I
chine having a commodity tray reciprocable past
which is movable into contact with the ?at edge
an exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife
of the knife 21 '(when the device is in active
position) by a lever I12 hinged to the bracket‘ 55 comprising a frame movable along said tray per
I61 and extending upwardly through an open
pendicularly to the path of movement of said tray,
ing in a cover I13 located over the sharpening
an arm pivotally mounted at one end ‘on said
frame, a pusher plate mounted on the other end
device.
The lever I12 has a hole I14 through which ' of said arm, said pusher plate having commodity
the shaft I69 extends. The shaft I69 bears 60 engaging members in at least one of its faces
against a washer and ball bearing I15 which in
and in at least one of its edges, and a plate hinged
turn compress a spring I16 against a second
to said frame along a line generally parallel to
washer and ball bearing I11 when the lever I12
the plane of said knife at a point near that end
is moved to bring the ?nishing wheel into con
of said frame farthest removed from the plane
tact with the knife. A grinding wheel I18 is 65 of the cutting edge of said knife and adapted
to be positioned in any one of three positions,
somewhat similarly mounted on the shaft I10
said plate in oneposition horizontally overlying
and is actuated by a lever I19 which is hingedv
said tray and adapted to support a commodity
in the bracket I63 and extends upwardly out of
being fed by said commodity engaging member
the cover ‘I13. The knife thus may be sharpened
by squeezing the two levers I12 and I19 toward 70 and in a second position extending horizontally
beyond the end of said tray for supporting the
each other, which moves the two wheels toward
the knife from opposite sides thereof. When the
end of a commodity being fed and in a third posi
knife has been sharpened, the sharpening de
tion being vertical with its face substantially
vice is swung into inactive position, removing the
parallel to the face of said commodity engaging I
wheels from above the edge of the knife so that 75 member for feeding a commodity toward said
sharpening device in its active or inactive posi
tion.
To move the sharpening device from its in
"12,404,557,
11'']
moved to a position where said commodity engag
ing member can be placed ther'ebehindfor feed
ing the remaining portion, of such commodity
toward-said knife.
'
cluding a ?rst horizontal position parallel to said ‘
V
4; Commodity feeding means for a slicing ma
_ chine having a commodity tray reciprocable past I
an exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife f
comprising a frame movable across said tray along
a line perpendicular to the path of said tray, an 10
arm'pivotally mounted on said frame, a?rst com
modity engaging member carried on said arm, a
?at commodity engaging niember hinged to said ‘Y
frame along a line closely overlying said tray and
parallelto the plane of the knife, said second
member being movable to various positions in
cluding a generally horizontal position parallel to
.and overlying said tray and an upright position
parallel to the plane of said knife.
'
5. Commodity feeding means for a slicing ma
chine having a commodity tray reciprocable past
an exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife
comprising a’frame movable along said tray and ;
12
frame along‘a line overlying said tray and gener
ally parallel to the plane of the knife, said second
vmember being movable to various positions in
V ‘ knife 'untilrthe rear end of such commodity is‘
tray and a second upright position perpendicular
‘to-Y said tray, said ?rst and second commodity
. engaging members cooperating to clamp and feed
a commodity when said second member occupies
its ?rst position and to successively feed a long
commodity when said second member occupies its
second position.
'
r
'
6. In a slicing machine having a commodity
.tray mountedfor reciprocation past an ‘exposed
cutting edge of a rotary circular knife, in com
bination, a frame movable along said tray per
pendicularly to the path of movement of said
tray, a pusher plate mounted from said frame
and movable with said frame to a position closely
adjacent said knife, said pusher plate also being
20 rotatable to an inactive position above said tray,
and a flat plate hinged to said frame along a line
parallel to the knife and more ‘remote therefrom
than said pusher plate, said hinged plate being
adapted to serve as an auxiliary commodity sup
pivotally mounted on said frame, a ?rst com 25 port or as a pusher until the commodity is reduced
to a length engageable by said pusher plate.
modity engaging member carried on said arm, a,
' perpendicularly to its path of movement, an arm ‘
?at commodity engaging member hinged to said
-
'
'
GEORGE R. WOOD.
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