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July 23, 1946. G. R. ‘WOOD 2,404,557 ’ ' FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS Filed April 12, '1943 /57 8 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG. INVENTOR. GEORGE -R. WOOD ATTORNEY July 23, 1946. 2,404,557 G. R. WOOD FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS Filed April 12, 1943 8 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. GEORGE R. WOOD BY July 23, 1946. G. R. WOOD ' 2,404,557 FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS Filed April 12, 1943 8 Shéets-Sheet 3 84 7 INVENTOR. ‘GEORGE. R. ,WOOD ATTORNEYS July 23, 1946. _ G. R. WOOD FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS Filed April 12,1943 2,404,557 ' 7 ‘ s Sheets-Sheet 4 FIG. N . , INVENTOR. GEORGE R._WOOD July 23,1946. ‘ ~ GR. WOOD I 2,404,557_ FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS Filed April 12, 1943 _ ‘a sheets-sheet 5' =25 73 a i II I5 1:‘1 27 3/“ ' 5 33 z 4 k\ - ‘ 44% i I8 I6 ’ > /9 73 L‘zr. v FIG> I /2 f v " ‘ - _ \ 2o" FIG.‘ -III INVENTOR. GEORGE R. ’ WOOD July 23, 1946. > ' ‘ I G. R. WOOD , ‘ FOOD "HANDLING APPARATUS Filed April 12, 1945 / 7 (30 2,404,557; - > 8 Sheets-Sheet 6 FIG. IX. I35 ‘ INVENTORQ sconce - R. . wooo FIG. SZHI July 23, 1946. 2,404,557 G‘. R'. wooD FOOD‘ HANDLING APPARATUS - Filed April‘ 12, 1945 8 Sheets-Sheet 7 INVENTOR'. GEORGE _ R_ wooo BY ' ’ _%%VTORNEY _ July 23,1946; G. R.IWOIOD ‘ ' ‘2,404,557 FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS F‘iled A5111 12,- 1943 /79 /72 v ' s Sheets-Sheet s /57 173 in” I» - fé'i ’” E F|G; m ' FIG. A52 'XIIZ INVENTOR. GEO'RGE R. WOOD Patented July 23, 1946' (2,404,557 ’ UNITED STATES PATENT‘ OFFICE» 2,404,557 7 FOOD HANDLING APPARATUS George R. Wood, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, as ’ signer to Toledo Scale Company, Toledo, Ohio, a corporation of.‘ New Jersey Application‘ April 12, 1943,:Seri‘al No. 482,763 6 Claims. (Cl. 146-102) ' 1 > This invention relates to food handling appa ratus of the type in which a commodity tobe sliced is reciprocated past an exposed portion of the edge of a rotary circular knife, being slid along a thickness gauge plate lying substantially in the plane of the edge of‘ the. knife, so that a slice is severed from the commodity each time it passes the exposed portion of the. knife. A basic problem which has faced slicing ma chine designers has'arisen from the fact that the 2. , Fig. V is a. vertical sectional view, taken sub stantially on the line V-—V of Fig. II. I Fig. VI is a fragmentary detailed view showing knife driving mechanism. 1 . . H. I . Fig. VII is a, fragmentary vertical sectional view, taken substantially on‘ the line VI~I—-VII of Fig. VIII is a plan View of mechanism for sup porting and feeding commodities, the commodity contacting tray being broken away. _ Fig. IX is a fragmentary detailed View, partly in section and, partly in. elevation, of other parts of the commodity-supporting and feeding means. Fig. X is a fragmentary view, in elevation, commodities to be sliced on each machine are of many sizes and shapes, and means must be pro vid'ed for holding these variously sized and shaped commodities so that they can be supported while being carried past the cutting edge of the knife taken substantially from, the position indicated and can be moved toward the plane of the knife after each slice has been severed. It is an object of this invention to provide com modity-feeding means for a slicing machine which by the line‘ X—X of Fig. IX. is adapted to handle variously shaped commodi ties of many different sizes. - . I Fig. XI is a view, partly in section and partly in elevation, of the commodity-carrying and feeding. means, taken from the right side of Fig. 20 IV, certainparts being broken away. ' Fig. XII isa vertical sectional view, taken sub-_ stantially‘ on the line XII-Jill‘. of Fig. XI, and- ' It is a further object of this invention to pro vide a commodity-feeding device which is adapted showing avportion of the commodity-feeding mechanism in three alternative positions: to feed greasy or sticky commodities with a minimum of friction or adhesion between the 25 7 Fig__ XIII is a fragmentary vertical sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken substantially on the lineXIIL-XIII of Fig. XI. _ , A her. Fig. XIV is a fragmentary‘ detailed view, taken A further object of vthis invention is to provide substantially on the line XIV—XIV of Fig. VIII. a commodity-feeding device-which is adapted‘ to feed extremely large commodities through a dis 30 Fig. XV is a, fragmentary vertical sectional view, on an enlarged scale, showing sharpening ' tance greater than the distance through which mechanism‘ employed in the slicing machine'illus the, commodity-feeding device is moved and thus trated in Fig. I in its inactive position. A '. to enable the overall size of the slicing machine Fig. XVI is a view similar to Fig. XV but-:show with which it is used'to be substantially‘ smaller commodity and the commodity-supporting mem than would otherwise be possible. 35 ing the mechanism in active position. _ Fig. XVII is? a fragmentaryview, ‘in elevation, More speci?c objects and advantages are appar— on a reduced scale, taken from‘ the right side of ent from the description, in which reference is Fig. XVI. ‘ had to the accompanying drawings illustrating a Fig. XVIII is a detailed view, taken substanr' preferred form of machine embodying the inven 40 tially on the line XVIII-XVIII of Fig; XV. tion. These speci?c drawings and‘the speci?c de In the drawings: scription that follows merely disclose and illus Fig. I is a view, in elevation, of a slicing machine trate the invention and are not intended to impose. incorporating commodity-feeding mechanism limitations upon the claims. embodying the invention. Erected above the rear left corner of a main Fig. II is a view, in elevation, of the slicing 45 base H3- is a motor base H, upon the upper end machine shown in Fig. I but taken from the, oppo of which there is secured an electric motor I2 site side of the machine and shown with com (Figs. I, VI and VII)‘ which has a substantially modity-carrying and feeding devices removed. horizontal‘ drive shaft: [:35‘. 'A motor pulley lit-is Fig. III is a fragmentary plan view of the-slicing. securedon the end of the shaft I3 and is engaged machine showing the commodity-carrying. and. by a driving belt I5 which. also engages the larger feeding devices. . sheave of'a dual sheave pulley i6. journaled on a Fig. IV is a front view, partly in section and stub- shaft H which. is threaded into a drive hous-v partly in elevation, of the slicing-machine. shown ing Is also. mounted above the base: [:0. Lubri in Fig. I, taken from the right sideof Fig. I. cation of the pulley I6 is provided by. means'of 2,404,557 I I _ e plate mounting frame 5|, which is in the form ' of a hollow plate, by means of four mounting screws '52 which pass through horizontally elon an oil cup l9 which is connected to an oil passage Q in the shaft l1. A second belt 20 is engaged in 3 the smaller sheave of the dual sheave pulley I6 ‘ 1 1 ‘ = gated holes 53 in the gauge plate mounting frame 5| and are screwed into four threaded sockets 54 and also is engaged in an annular groove 2| cut in the periphery of a knife hub 22 which is mounted on a. knife shaft 23. The shaft 23 is welded on the rear face of the gauge plate 49.» The holes 53am elongated to permit adjustment vjournaled by means of roller. bearings 24 in a; horizontally-bored boss 25 formed in a part of of the gauge plate 49 withrespect tothe gauge the drive housing I8. plate mounting frame 5| and‘thus to locate the The knife hub 22 has a shouldered section 26 .10. edge 50 of the gauge plate concentrically with the which extends through an aperture located at the‘ " ' knife 21 and to permit it to be moved radially of 3 the V knife to compensate for decreases in the 5 22 by means of ?ve knife mounting screws 28.._ diameter thereof caused by sharpening. The 1 center of a circular knife 21 secured tothehub .gauge‘nplate' mounting frame 5| is removably ITheymotor l2 which rotates the knife 21'isvcon-? » trolled by a switch 29 (Fig. I)‘ mounted 'on its]j ‘ outermost end. _ V mounted on alflaiir of vertical pins 55 which ex 161.5. ten'd upwardly from a gauge plate bracket 56 The knife 21 is substantially dishéshape'd', hav- . : .and enter a bored'web 51 and a pair of bored. bosses .58 formed on the hollow interior of the " ing a hollowed-out front face 30 and an amine . ‘ larly-shaped cutting edge 3|. The knife " 'i's “ ' gauge plate mounting frame 5|, the continuous guarded, in order to preventinjury to the ?ngers 20 bored web 51 serving to guide the pins into their of an operator, by means of a knife guard com prisinga top section 32 (Fig. 11); a rear section ‘ 3 ‘ ‘ ‘ correct locations. ' r ' The ‘gauge plate mounting bracket 56 is se cured, by-means of a .pair of bolts 59, to an up 33 and a face plate 34. The guard sections 32 ‘ turned right edge of a slice-receiving platter 6!! and 33 are substantially U-shaped in‘cross sec tiOIILBXtGHdiIIg around both sides of the annular 25 which is located at the-rear of'the gauge plate 49 above the base Ill. The slice-receiving platter cutting edge 3| of the knife. A guard supporting 60 is supported by means of four bored ears 6| stand 35 (Figs. I, V and VI) is erected ontop' of which extend downwardly! through four trans the drive housing l6 and has two substantially versely elongated'apertures- 62 in the upper sur horizontal arms 36'and 31. ' At the end of each‘ of the arms 36 and 31'there is formed a boss 38 30 face of the base ‘l6 and are mounted on a pair of horizontal parallel shafts 63. The shafts 63 ; through which extends a thumb screw 39. Each 1 ' i '1 are substantially perpendicular to the plane of of the thumb screws 39 is threaded into a nut 40 the face of the gauge plate 49 and are each slid which is welded on one of a pair of tabs _4| of the able longitudinally in a pair of bored cars 64 face plate 34. The face plate 34 is held in posi tion in the hollow face .30 of the knife 21 by 35 formed on the undersurface of the base l9 and extending downwardly into the hollow interior means of the nuts 40 and screws 39,_pins_42, which extend upwardly from the top of the/base Rack teeth 65, which are cut in the upper sur-- 7 l0 and are engaged in holesfin a turned-over face of each of the shafts 63, are engaged by ?ange 43 of the face plate 34,v and a center point 44 (Fig. V) on. the end of the knife shaft 23.. 40 one of a pair of pinions 66 cut in an indicator thereof. ‘ 33 andby that one of the screws v39-which passes ‘ through the boss 38 of the arm 31 and also through an ear 46 on the upper .end of the guard portion 33. - " ‘" " ' shaft 61 rotatably journaled transversely to the The rear portion 33 of the knife guard-is held in ‘ I place around the rear of the knife 21 by means 1 of the engagement ‘of a pin 45, which extends upwardly from'the base l0 near one of the pins ‘ 42, with‘ a’hole' in the foot of the guard'po'rtion 45 ‘ ‘ a ‘shafts 63. The indicatorshaft '61 extends ex teriorly of the base |9 through an‘opening in the front wall thereof and has an indicator knob 68 secured'on its outermost end. A small coiled spring 69 surrounds the shaft’ 61, being com pressed between the inside of the front wall of the base I0 and a washer 10' on the shaft 61 to furnish, sufficient friction to hold the ‘shaft 61 The upper guard portion 32 is >pivotally 50 stationary unless'rotated by the knob 69. . series of indicia 1| scribed on the conical periph~ I mounted- on the thumb screw 39; there being’ an ery of the knob 68 cooperates with an index 12 to indicate therelative position of the gauge plate 7 ear 41 formed in its rear end through which the . thumb screw 39 extends. The front end of the 49 with respect to the plane of the knife 21 and upper guard portion 32 is supported on the other thus the thickness of the slices of commodity to one of the thumb screws 39 which extends 55 be severed. I through the boss v38 onthe arm 36 and isenr When thecgauge plate 49 is moved to the limit gaged in a slot 48 cut in the guard ‘portion 32. 2 of its travel to the left in Fig. IV, itcan be re; moved from the bracket 56 to facilitate its clean- / The knife guard may be disassembled from around the annular; cutting edge of the 'knife'21 by 1 loosening the thumb screws 39 and sliding» them 60 1 out of the bosses. 38’ to disengage them from the ears 41 and 46 of the guard portions 32 and 33 V respectively. and 42. ' a formed de?ector‘plate 13 (Figs. I and IV) which is mounted on the forward side of the drive hous The guard portion 33 and center I ' ' ' Slices of commodity severed by the knife 21 are deflected onto the slice-receiving platter .60 by plate 34 may‘then be disengaged from the pins 45 ing by sliding it off the pins 55. 65 The'thickness of slices severed from a com ‘ modity- reciprocated past the exposed cutting 1 portion of the knife? 21 is determined bythe posi- ‘ ing |8 and'motor I2. The deflector plate must be closely adjacent the Vrear'edge of the knife 21 so that slices of commodity; no matter how thin, will be vf‘peeled” from the knife and de?ect ed onto ‘the platter 60. In addition it is desirable I tion of a gauge. plate 49 which lies in aplane ‘ parallel'tov the plane of the .edge of the knife 21 70 that the deflector plate bev removable so that the rear surface of the knife may be thoroughly . and is adjustable up to, and away from, such cleaned of grease and fat which collects thereon. planed The'gauge plate 49 has a concave edge 5|] The de?ector plate is mounted by‘ means of a which‘. is substantially concentric with the knife rod 14 (Fig; V) which is studded in the left wall I new is located closely‘adjacent thereto. > . The gauge‘ plate V4!! is mounted ‘on ‘a gauge 76 of vthedrivev housing .»|8 substantially parallelTto 2,404,5Q7 6. theknife shaft 23.. The rod 14' is, engaged in. a tube 96.- which, is mounted parallel to therai-ls bore 15 which is located near the upper end of. 84 and 85in a. pair of bored. ears 9.1 which ex tend. downwardly from the commodity tray car riage?l between the fork 8.1 and sleeves 8.9.; The. the de?ector plate ‘I3. The de?ector plate 13 is held'l'n position, audits. positionis adjusted with respect. to the. knife. 21 by means of; va shouldered En 7 tube 916 isplongitudinally slidable in the ears; 91 I pin ‘l6 (Figs. V and VI)v which is mounted on a and, is" held, in, its central position by means of a. bracket ‘I1, adiustably secured tolthe lower front pair of coiled springs 98,, one of‘ which surrounds wall. of the drive housing I8; The pin 1% is en each of its ends, being located, between a ?anged gageable» with a hole. ‘I8 bored through; the de end; of; the tube 96 and; the respective car 91. ?ector plate ‘I3 and: heldtherein by the engage 10 A rubber cushion 990’ is mounted’ at each end‘of ment of. a small clip'lB. in a‘groove, 80 cut in the the tube 95-. When thetcarriage reaches the end body of the pin 16. By adjusting. the position of of its path, one of the cushions 9.9; strikes one. the. bracket TI and. pin 16-," the proximity of the of- the stops 9.5; and that one, ofthe. springs 98 located at the end, of thero‘d which has: struck the knife 21. can be adjusted, By. disengaging 15.. the; stop 95 is compressed to ease the abrupt the pin. 16 from.- the. hole 18,. the de?ector plate shock. of engagement, andv upon expansion. to > 13 can be slid off the rod ‘I4. and removed from initiate the movementv of the carriage. in the op the. machine to be cleaned and, in combination posite direction. The carriage- can be locked in withthe removal of the guard portions 32 and 33, any desired position on the rails; by means; of a the. face2 plate 34. and the gauge plate. 49, to ex set screw I00 (Figs. IV and XI.) threaded through pose the; entire edge and front face and a large one leg- of the fork. 81 and engageable. with the portion of the rear face of the knife 21 for side of the rail 84. cleaning. Three substantially parallel and horizontalrails Commodities to be sliced are carried past the I05, I02 and I03 are formed. on-the upper spider- ' exposed forward portion of the knife, 21 by means like. surface of the commodity tray carriage I12v of a commodity tray 8| (Figs. IV and XI). The and extend'transversely across the carriage. The edge of the'de?ector plate;v 1.3..to the rear face of commodity tray 8| comprises a commodity tray carriage 82 which is mounted for reciprocation on. a line substantially parallel to the plane of rails I OI , I02 and I03 serve as tracks for a, roller I04, a. pair of rollers I05 and. a'pair' of rollers I06 respectively which are journaled in a commodity clamp frame I01 (Figs. VIII, IX and XI). The rail I02 is in the form of a U shaped channel member open at the top, and the rails-1 IM and I03 are supplied with ?at retainers I08 which form one sideof U shaped channel members, open atthe side and are removable to permit the re. the edge of the knife and of the gauge plate. . Two rail supporting brackets 83 (Fig. II) are ’ secured on the, upper surfaces. of the base I0 at theright-side of the slicing machine. Two paral lel rails 84 and 85, are mounted on the brackets 83 and extend substantially horizontally along the. base I0. The. commodity tray carriage 82 is Y movallofthe frame I01. The two rollers I06.are mounted on the rails 84, and 35, being supported onthe rail 84 by a “wheelbarrow” roller .86 (Figs. IV and XI) which is journaled on a horizontal journaled on horizontal axes and- prevent. rota. tion of the frame In‘! on a horizontal line suh— stantially parallel to the plane» of the knife and axis in, a fork 81 extending downwardly from 40 gauge. plate. The two rollers I05 are journaled on the commodity tray carriage B2 and which rolls vertical axes and prevent rotation of, the frame The roller III'Iv on a vertical line substantially parallel to 881s located approximately beneath the center of gravity of the commodity tray 8| so that most of the weight of the tray and the commodity carried thereby is supported by such roller. A pin 88. extends between the legs of the fork 8.‘! parallel to the axisof the roller 86 but beneath on. the upper surface of the rail 84. the knife and gauge plate. The’roller I04 is journaled on, a horizontalaxis and prevents rotation of the frame I01 on the third major axis, l. eta line substantially perpendicular-to the plane of‘ the gauge plate and the knife. the rail 84 to prevent the commodity tray from being lifted off the rail 84. The commodity tray 44) The commodity clamp frame IN is urged to the left by the bias of a coil spring. I09 which sur 5.0 rounds a. rod I I0 mounted in the gauge plate car carriage 82 is guided by means of a pair of sleeves 89' which are formed on the underside of the riage 82. substantially parallel to» the rails IOI-, - 82. are established by the engagement of a bumper partly broken away in Fig. VIII). The plate II9 94 with either one of a pair of stops 95 (Fig. II), one of which is a portion of each of the support ing brackets 83. The. bumper 04 comprises a has a long ?at face I20 which extends upwardly at a slightangle to the horizontal, toward the rear- of the carriage 82? on- the upper surface of I02 and i703 and which. abuts against a sidewall carriage 842- and slidingly engaged around the I I I at the outerside of the carriage 02' and a col rail 05.. The sleeves 89- and rail 85 are spaced lar IIZ secured to'the underside of the frame I01 horizontally a substantial distance from the rail 55 through which the rod I.I,0 extends. The frame. 84. so that very little of the load on, the carriage II’I'I can however be locked at the right side of the is supported by the rail 85 and. a wide base of carriage 82 by means of the engagement of: a support for guiding the carriage is- afforded. The latch H3 (Fig. IX) with a pin H4 extending rail 85 is; lubricated from an oil reservoir 90 (Fig. horizontally from the back of the carriage 82. XI) which is formed in the hollow interior of The» latch H3. is swivelable on a pin II5» (Fig. that portion of the carriage 82 forming one of the XI) which is, studded into a. portion of the frame sleeves. 89. 50‘! and is releasable by means of a handle H6 .The. commodity tray carriage is reciprocated by secured to the latch H3. and. journaled on the means of a handle 9| which is mounted on the pin II5. The limit. of travel of the frame. I01 t0. forward end of a handle bracket-92 extending 6.5; the left is established by a set screw I I ‘I which is upwardly and forwardly fromthe commodity tray engaged by a portion of an arm I I8 of the frame carriage. 8.2. A thumb guard‘93 is integrally cast is‘? when the frame is moved to the left.v _ with the handle bracket 92 and affords protection The arm I I8 of the frame I01 extends up for the operator’s thumb» when» the carriage is wardly to the rear of the frame. above the rear moved entirely past the exposed. edge of the knife. 70' edge off. a trough-shapedv commodity-carrying 21. The limits of reciprocation of the carriage» plate I I9 (shown in cross section in Fig. XI and ' 2,404,557; them across the face of the ‘plate II9 toward‘the' whichrthe plate I I9 is mounted, and a short face I2 I which extends upwardly substantially at right gauge plate. a p i . To cooperate with the clamp I38 in the ban: angles to the face I20 andis located at the front dling of various types of larger size commodities, of the carriage 82 immediately back of the han there is provided an end plate I48 which is jour dle bracket 92. The plate I I9 is mounted on the naled On a pin I49 mounted at the lowermost carriage 82-by means of a plurality of angular ends of two brackets I50 and I5I secured to the clips I22 (Figs. VIII and XIV) which have'elon arm I I8 and a second arm I52 of the clamp frame gated apertures I23 in their horizontal arms and I01‘ respectively. The end plate I48 is provided bolts I24 which extend downwardly through the‘ plate H9 and the apertures I23. The vertical 10 with a plurality of meat-engaging points I53 on ' each of its faces and, being swivelably mounted arms -of the clips I722 have forked ends I25 ‘be on the 'pin I49, may be placed in any one of the tween- the bifurcations of which extend, bolts 1 I 26 three positions shown" in Figs. III and XII to han inserted through holes in the side walls of the’ carriage 82. The platei'l I9 supports the various commodities which are to ‘be sliced on the ma chine, and, in orderto prevent their sagging be tween‘the'edg'e of the plate I I9 and the gauge plate,»the left edges of the faces I20 and I2I of the plate II9 extend closely adjacent the plane of the‘edgeof the knife 21. The apertures I23 in the clips I22 are elongated to permit adjust; ment of the position of the plate I I9 with respect I to such plane. ‘ . dle commodities in the following ways; ~ 15 7 v 1 Position Are-When in the position shown in solid lines it serves as an extension for-the platej l I9 to support the ends of long commodities, such as slabs of bacon, which ‘would otherwise "sag down over the end of the plate H9, thus creating friction rendering the feeding of the commodity more difficult. Also in "this position the prongs I53, which extend upwardly, engage the under surface of the commodity being handled and > On the upper end of the arm II8 of the com assist the prongs on themember I45 of the com modity clamp frame I01 is a counterbored hori zontaliboss I21 through which extends a shoul modity clamp I38 to feed the commodity toward dered shaft I28 which also extends through a hole the gauge plate, _ ' Position B.~—Whenv in the second horizontal in an arm I29 andis threaded into an arm I30 of'the bifurcated rear end of a clamp arm I3I. position the end plate I48 cooperates with the tray. A shoulder I33 (Fig.2!) on the boss I21~ held by the engagement of its edge with a hinged “clamp I38 to engage a ?at commodity on both A small spring I32 surrounds the shouldered shaft 30 its upper and lower surfaces and also furnishes an “easy-ride” attachment to break the suction -I 28 and is slightly compressed between the shoul-> between the undersurfaces of greasy commodities .der on such shaft and the bottom of the counter and the face I20 of the plate H9, as thecom-j bore, in the boss I21 to furnish friction to hold modities are moved toward the gauge plate. 7 theclamp arm I 3| in the position shown in Fig. XI whenit is lifted out of the commodity 35 Position C.—'In vertical’position (in'which it is latch I54 mounted on the bracket I5!) the end plate I48 serves as an auxiliary pusher for feed tweenigth'e bifurcations thereof to limit the up, ing commodities which are too long to be inserted ward swing of the clamp I3I. A substantially C shaped stop I35 is formed on the side of the 40 in front of the plate I39 of the clamp I38. For example, a long meat loaf may be placed in'the arm I30 and has a ?at end I36 (Fig. X) which, tray and the end plate I 48 put in its “C” posi4 when the frame I01 is moved to the left, slides tion with the clamp I38 moved out of the tray behin'd‘an upwardly extending stop I31 secured (as shown in Fig. XI). When the latch I I3 is re-" on theirear‘of the carriage 82 to prevent the clamp arm I 3| from being swung upwardly when a 45 leased and the clamp frame I01 moved toward the gauge plate, the end plate feeds the com clamp I38 (Fig. XI) carried thereby is adjacent modity toward the gauge plate until the arm I I8 the plane of the gauge plate and the knife and of the frame I01 hits the stop screw II'I. At this would,‘ if swung upwardly, damage the knife guard point the end plate has reached a position slightly and other mechanism surrounding the'knife. ‘ The clampv I38 comprises a ?at plate I39 to so to the left of the position in which the plate I39 is shown in Fig. IV. The commodity clamp frame which is riveted a disk I40 carrying a, stub shaft ' I01, end plate I48 and clamp I38 are then moved MI.‘ The stub shaft, MI is journaled in a bored to the right and the clamp I38 swung downwardly boss I42 formed in the end of the clamp arm I3I behind‘ the end of the commodity to continue and held therein by a screw I43 which is threaded feeding it toward the gauge plate as slices are into: the end of the shaft MI. The face of the severed therefrom until the frame I01 vagain plate I39 lies in a plane parallel to the planes strikes the stop screw I I1 at which time the plate of the gauge plate and of the edge of the knife is engaged by a corner I34 on the arm I 3I be 21. A plurality of commodity engaging points I44 I39 of the commodity clamp has reached the edge‘ of thecommodity-supporting plate II9 immedi a substantially U, shaped pronged member I45 is, 60 . ately adjacent the plane of the edge of the are riveted to the front face of the plate I39, and riveted to a’ horizontally-turned ?ange I40 of , the plate I39. ‘A pair of buttons I41 are riveted one at‘eachend of the member I45 extending knife 21. - Because the edge of the commodity-supporting plate I I9 must be so closely adjacent the plane of the knife, and because the commodity tray must be downwardly ‘below the ends of the prongs thereon toslide along the ‘surface of the face I20 to pro 65 moved entirely past the cutting edge of the knife in order completely to sever slices of commodities, tect the face from injury by the prongs on the provision must be made for the rear end of the member I45 when the clamp I38 is swung down face I20 of the commodity-carrying plate II9 to: wardly into commodity pushing position; The clear the rear guard portion 33. 'For that reason" clamp I38 may be dropped on ?at commodities, 70, the rear guard portion has a cutout section‘ I55. such as bacon, (to clamp them down on the face and the end of the commodity tray is moved I 20 and, by engagement with the pronged mem through the space thereby afforded. However ber I.45;therewith, to slide them toward the gauge, since cutting out this portion of the guard ex plate." The‘ face of the plate I39 is placed behind poses a segment of the edge of the knife 21, an, commoditieasuchas meat loaves, etc., to push I we; arcuate edge guard I56 is mounted on the guard 2§4045557 .10 r adjacent‘ the edge of the knife 21 midis adjust they 'will not be smeared by grease orrat. thrown therefrom and the upper vguard portion 32 is able radially ‘oi the knife‘ to compensate ‘for de creases in the‘ diameter thereof due t'o'shai‘pen the knife. portion 33 with itsinneriiiost curved edge closely ing_ . v ‘ ' . ‘The ‘rotary knife '21 ‘is sharpened by means of a ‘sharpening attachment I51 which is movable from its ‘inactive position shown in Fig. XV to its active position shown Fig; XVI when the upper guard portion 324s thrown back out‘or the Way asshown in Fig. XVII. In order to 'mo've'this upper guard portion into the position shown in Fig XVI, the knurled screws 39 must be loosened to free the’fro'nt ‘end of the guard portion 32 from that one of the screws 3.9 in the arm 36 and allow swu'ngba'ck into position to guard the‘edge 'of 1 _ ' The embodiment of the invention that has been disclosed may be ‘modified to meet various-re-' quirements. .. . I Y Having described my invention, I claim: 1. commodity ‘feedin'game'ans for‘ a slicing ma 10 chine having a commodity tray reeip'r“ ‘ ble past an exposed cutting edge of a ‘rotary circular knife ‘comprising a frame movable along said tray and generally perpendicular to‘ the path 'of reciproca tion of .said tray,- ‘an arm ‘pivotally mounted at 15 one end ‘on said frame, a pusher. pl‘ate mounted it to be pivoted on the other of the screws 39. sharpening attachment I51 is mounted on on the other end of said him; said ‘pusher plate having commodity engaging ‘members in ‘at least the uppeiiiiost end of a vertically ‘slid'abl‘e post one of its faces and in at least one orits edges, and a plate overlyingsaid tray ‘and hinged ‘on I58 'which is located in a bore I59-in the ‘center of the bracket 35 onth'e upper end or the drive hous 20 said frame near that end or ‘said frame farthest removed from the plane of the edge or said ing I8. Two vertical's'lots I60 are cut in the walls knife, the last mentioned plate having commodi- . of the bracket 35, and ‘a pin I$I is engageable in ty engaging projections on. its faceshand being one ‘or the other of such 'slots'rdepehding upon movable. to at least two‘ "different ‘position'sy'a whether the ‘sharpening device is in active or in ?rst position being. with its face in a plane sub~ inactive position. The vertical movement of the .stantially. parallel to’ th'elfa'ce. of the» ?rst ih'en sharpening device is limited by a set ‘screw I62 threaded into the lower end of the post I58 and ~ tioned plate and to the p'laneof theedge of said knife, a second position being substantially hori by a washer I63 surrounding the screw I62. A zontal and closely overlying said tray. set screw I64, threaded horizontally through the 2. Commodity feeding means for a slicing ma bracket 35, is engageable with either of two ?ats 30 chine having a commodity tray reciprocable past I65 cut on the sides of the post I58 to lock the an exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife comprising a frame movable along said tray and generally perpendicular to the path of movement active position as shown in Fig. XV to its active 35 of said tray, an arm pivotally mounted at one position as shown in Fig. XVI the following steps .end on said frame, a pusher plate mounted on‘ the other end of said arm, said pusher plate hav are taken: The set screw I64 is loosened and the ing commodity engaging members in at least one sharpening device is pulled upwardly until the of its faces and in at least one of its edges, and washer I63 engages the underside of the bracket 35, at which time the pin I5I is free of that one 40 a plate hinged to said frame along a line parallel to the plane of said knife at a point nearthat of the slots I60 in which it was inserted. The sharpening device is then swiveled horizontally end of said frame farthest ‘removed from the plane of the cutting edge of said knife and adapt until the pin IBI engages the other one of the ed to be positioned horizontally in either of two slots I69 and then the sharpening device is low positions, said plate in one position closely over ered until the pin I62 engages a stop I66 in the lying said tray and adapted to support a com interior of the drive housing I8. modity being fed by said commodity engaging The sharpening device comprises a pair of in member from said tray and in the other position vented substantially U shaped brackets I61 and extending beyond the end of said tray for sup I68 in the arms of each of which there is jour porting the end of a long commodity being fed naled a shaft I69 or I10 respectively. The shaft by said commodity engaging member. I69 passes through the two arms of the frame 3. Commodity feeding means for a slicing ma I61 and carries on one end a ?nishing wheel I1I chine having a commodity tray reciprocable past which is movable into contact with the ?at edge an exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife of the knife 21 '(when the device is in active position) by a lever I12 hinged to the bracket‘ 55 comprising a frame movable along said tray per I61 and extending upwardly through an open pendicularly to the path of movement of said tray, ing in a cover I13 located over the sharpening an arm pivotally mounted at one end ‘on said frame, a pusher plate mounted on the other end device. The lever I12 has a hole I14 through which ' of said arm, said pusher plate having commodity the shaft I69 extends. The shaft I69 bears 60 engaging members in at least one of its faces against a washer and ball bearing I15 which in and in at least one of its edges, and a plate hinged turn compress a spring I16 against a second to said frame along a line generally parallel to washer and ball bearing I11 when the lever I12 the plane of said knife at a point near that end is moved to bring the ?nishing wheel into con of said frame farthest removed from the plane tact with the knife. A grinding wheel I18 is 65 of the cutting edge of said knife and adapted to be positioned in any one of three positions, somewhat similarly mounted on the shaft I10 said plate in oneposition horizontally overlying and is actuated by a lever I19 which is hingedv said tray and adapted to support a commodity in the bracket I63 and extends upwardly out of being fed by said commodity engaging member the cover ‘I13. The knife thus may be sharpened by squeezing the two levers I12 and I19 toward 70 and in a second position extending horizontally beyond the end of said tray for supporting the each other, which moves the two wheels toward the knife from opposite sides thereof. When the end of a commodity being fed and in a third posi knife has been sharpened, the sharpening de tion being vertical with its face substantially vice is swung into inactive position, removing the parallel to the face of said commodity engaging I wheels from above the edge of the knife so that 75 member for feeding a commodity toward said sharpening device in its active or inactive posi tion. To move the sharpening device from its in "12,404,557, 11''] moved to a position where said commodity engag ing member can be placed ther'ebehindfor feed ing the remaining portion, of such commodity toward-said knife. ' cluding a ?rst horizontal position parallel to said ‘ V 4; Commodity feeding means for a slicing ma _ chine having a commodity tray reciprocable past I an exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife f comprising a frame movable across said tray along a line perpendicular to the path of said tray, an 10 arm'pivotally mounted on said frame, a?rst com modity engaging member carried on said arm, a ?at commodity engaging niember hinged to said ‘Y frame along a line closely overlying said tray and parallelto the plane of the knife, said second member being movable to various positions in cluding a generally horizontal position parallel to .and overlying said tray and an upright position parallel to the plane of said knife. ' 5. Commodity feeding means for a slicing ma chine having a commodity tray reciprocable past an exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife comprising a’frame movable along said tray and ; 12 frame along‘a line overlying said tray and gener ally parallel to the plane of the knife, said second vmember being movable to various positions in V ‘ knife 'untilrthe rear end of such commodity is‘ tray and a second upright position perpendicular ‘to-Y said tray, said ?rst and second commodity . engaging members cooperating to clamp and feed a commodity when said second member occupies its ?rst position and to successively feed a long commodity when said second member occupies its second position. ' r ' 6. In a slicing machine having a commodity .tray mountedfor reciprocation past an ‘exposed cutting edge of a rotary circular knife, in com bination, a frame movable along said tray per pendicularly to the path of movement of said tray, a pusher plate mounted from said frame and movable with said frame to a position closely adjacent said knife, said pusher plate also being 20 rotatable to an inactive position above said tray, and a flat plate hinged to said frame along a line parallel to the knife and more ‘remote therefrom than said pusher plate, said hinged plate being adapted to serve as an auxiliary commodity sup pivotally mounted on said frame, a ?rst com 25 port or as a pusher until the commodity is reduced to a length engageable by said pusher plate. modity engaging member carried on said arm, a, ' perpendicularly to its path of movement, an arm ‘ ?at commodity engaging member hinged to said - ' ' GEORGE R. WOOD.