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Патент USA US2404638

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July 23, 194.6.
2,404,638
G. c. E. KEET
DEVICES FOR MARKING FABRICS
Filed July 7, 1944
549
.2
_17
A» A ' AJA
7
Patented July 23, 1946
2,404,638
Y UNITED STATES PATENT# .OFFICE
'
2,404,638
DEVICE'FOR MARKING FABRICS
Gabriel Christiaan Erasmus Keet, Florida, Trans! I
vaal, Union of Sou-th Africa
Application July ‘7, 1944, Serial No. 543§944 -
1
.inthe Union of South Africa August 31, 1943
9 Claims. (Cl. 33-1)
This invention relates to means or devices for
use in marking> textile and like fabrics or mate~
rial with dots or indicating'marks, or dotted or
marks.
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In the embodiment ofthe invention depicted
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the numeralv `I denotes the part or »holder which
lserves. to carry or hold the corrugated .founda
tion plate, strip or member 2., and also to» pro
The object of the invention is to devise and
construct simple and eiiicient means which will
obviate the necessity `for the employment of such l (l
transfers, and by the use of which the material
can be easily and quickly marked-,las by a pencil
or the like, with the dots or similar indicating
.
Fig'. l3 is a sectional elevation thereof online
'CC-x of Fig. 2`.
lsimilar lines, preparatory to smocking the same.
The material to be smocked ordinarily has such
dots or indicating marks applied to it by trans
`fer from a printed or prepared sheet.
1
2
videthe ruling means 3 havinga ruling. edged.
The part or holder I also holds orcaririesßthe
guide strip or piece 5Íwhich acts -to indicate the
distance apart ofthe lines ofldctsror short dashes
being> marked.V The part orV holder `I may be
made from a single pieceofllplate or strip> metal
of the requisite Width which is doubled or bent
so that the upperV portion E thereof can- lie above
According to the invention I provide a »base or 15' and substantially ,parallel with the lower por
foundation plateystrip Ior member, upon which
the fabric is laid or placed to be marked, the up
per surface of which is corrugated or provided
with a number or arrangement of preferably
tion l. The lower portion "I, upon 'which-.the
corrugated foundation'> plate or member 2" is „ar
ranged, is flat for the _greater portion of its
length. At or near the. bend or fold the upper
parallel and regularly `spaced upstanding ribs or 20 portion 6 is shapedl orbowed to‘form a `loop or
projections, so that when a pencil or the like is
drawn across the 'fabric upon the plate or `mem
ber, transversely of the corrugations or ribs,` dots
space 8'; in which surplus fabric or materialf-if
the material to be marked. exceeds the holder in
width, can `be placed after say rolling the same
or marks are> made on' the lfabric at the points
up at thatside.
where it lies upon the 'crestsof the oo'rrugations 25
The corrugated 'foundationl plate> or member V2
is formed~ with lateral corrugation's. It is. con
structed with a lug or flat projection 9 at each
end, and the part` or holder I is fashioned with
slots` or. slits I0 through which the lugs or pro
or the upper surfaces or edges of the ribs;
A ruler or straightedge is' provided for ruling
the line of dots on- the fabric, and ‘such ruler
may be in one piece with or hingedly or resili
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ently attached to the base or foundation plate
jections S project whenuthe plate or member 2
or a holder therefor, in such a- way that the fab
is slid into position in the holder from the out
side thereof. rEhe parts II, I2, of the holder I
above the lugs or projections 9¿ are pressed upà
wardly to allow the lugs 4or project-ions H_tol lie
ric can be laid upon the base or lfoundation plate
or member and held in position thereon by pres
‘sure applied’to‘t'he ruler.
A ñXed or movable guide strip or part may be
cci-operatively combined with the ruling means
to indicate the distance apart of the‘lines of dots
being marked. Suc-h strip or part may also, if
desired, be used as an additional ruling means. ‘
The corrugated or ribbed base or foundation
plate or‘ `member may be detachably arranged in
a holder to allow of plates or members having
differently spaced corrugations or ribs being em«
ployed in such holder.
A practical form of .the invention Will now be
described in conjunction with the accompanying
sheet of drawings, in which the ruling means is
shown constructed integral ‘with a holder in
which a detachable base or foundation plate,
strip or member is fitted; a guide strip also ybeing
shown movable upon and in relation to the rul
ing means. In the drawing,
Fig. 1 is a rear elevation of the device.
Fig. 2 is a plan of the same, and
flush with the lower flat surface‘of the- `holder I.
The upperk portion 6 4of the holder I -is cut or
shaped for a suitable »distance from the front
edge, „near bothV ends, as „indicated at i3, _and
the central portion ,between the cuts I3>is bent
inwardly beneath the remaining `portion I4, as
indicated atv l5, to` form the».ruling _edge 4, and
expose portion of the upper corrugated surface
Il of the foundation plate or strip 2. The por
tion I4 is shaped to provide a depression I8 on
the underside in which the bent or doubled por
tion i5 lies flush with the upper portion S at the
ends the‘reof. The upper portion 6, due to the
resiliency afforded by the loop 8, ordinarily is
angularly disposed to the lower portion 'i-see
Fig. l-but lies parallel therewith when pressed
down to hold the fabric in position on. the cor
rugated plate or strip 2.
The guide strip 5 is in the form of a longitudi
nally centrally folded strip V«of metal having bi
furcated ends I9 in which frictionally engage the
2,404,638
a
cuts or edges I3.
4
surface and carried by the lower portion, upon
portions 20 of the part or holder I beyond the
which member the textile or similar fabric is laid
and marked by drawing a pencil or the like across
_ it transversely of the ribs, said upper portion lying
above the ribbed surface and being constructed
The portions 20 are pressed
out upwardly slightly to form depressions 2l in
which the lower portions of the ends I9 of the
guide strip 5 lie flush with the bottom surface of
to provide a ruling edge transversely of the ribs.
the upper portion 6 of the part or holder I.
In using the device the textile fabric or similar
material is placed in proper position on thek cor
rugated plate, >strip or` member 2 and the upper
portion 6 of the part or holder I pressed down
to hold the fabric firmly on said plate or strip 2.V
The line of dots is now ruled, as by a pencil
‘ passed quickly over the fabric and in engagement
5. Means of the nature indicated, including a
holder having a lower portionyandan `upper por- '
tion‘ resiliently connected to said lower. portion,
a detachable member having a corrugated upper
surface and carried by the lower portion, upon
which member the textile or similar fabric is laid
and marked b'y drawing a pencil or the like across
it transversely of the corrugations, said upper
with the ruling edge 4. 'I_'he guide strip 5_ may
portion lying above the corrugated surface and
being constructed to provide a ruling edge trans
be so set or arranged, by sliding it into the re--
quired position, that when either of its longi-_
versely of the corrugations, and adjustable guide
tudinal edges 22 or 23 is on or near the ruled line
of dots, the next line of dots to be‘ruled will be
at the desired distance therefrom. The material
means movable upon saidA upper portion which
surface and the devicemoved in relation thereto.
If 4desiredeitlieror both ofthe edges _22, 2,3, of
the A,guide strip 5 could be used as ruling edges.
,Making the corrugated plate, strip or member
2` detachable permits of different corrugated or
tion and a loop resiliently connecting said lower
actA to indicate the distance apart of the lines of
to be marked can be moved within the device as 20 dots or marks being made.
6. Means of the nature indicated, including a
itis marked, or alternatively said material can
holder having a lower portion and an uppervporf
be ’pinned down or fixed upon a table> or other
and upper portions, said upper _ portion being
shaped to provide a space and aruling edge at
25
one side of said space, a strip member detachably
connected to and carried by the lower portion >of
the holder and having parallel ribs onthe upper
surface thereof transversely of which the_'ruling
edge is positioned, and an adjustable guide strip
ribbed plates or members beingl inserted in‘the
part or holder I having corrugations or ribs spaced
at different distances apart, for, providing dif
30
ferent arrangements or patterns of dots.
What I4 claim as my invention and desire to pro
tect, by Letters Patent is:
.
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bifurcated at the ends and engaging at such ends
- with the upper portion ofthe holder at the ends
of the space therein.
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'7. Means of the nature indicated, including-a
1. Means of the nature indicated, including a
member having a corrugated surface upon which 35 member having a corrugated base portion‘upon
which textile or similar fabric is laid to be marked
the'teXtile or similar fabric is laid to be marked
by drawing a, pencil or the like across it trans
versely of the corrugations, an upper portion lying
by drawing a pencil onthe _like across itJ trans
versely of _the corrugations,;and a holder carrying
such corrugated memberV and constructed with
Yruling means _above said member. `
'
above said base portion and constructed with a
40
2. Means of the nature indicated, including a `
>member having a ribbed surface upon which the
textile or similar fabric lis laid to be markedïby
ruling edge, and means resiliently connecting said
base and upper portion at one end.
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8. Means of the nature indicated, including a
member having a corrugated base portion upon
which textile or similar fabric is laid to be marked
drawing a pencil or the like across it _transversely
by drawing a pencil or the like across it trans
of theribs, and a holder carrying such ribbed „ versely of the corrugations, _an upper portion lying
member and constructed with ruling means >above
above said base portion and constructed with a
said member.
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ruling edge, and a loop resiliently connecting said
3. Means of the nature indicated, i cluding a
holder having a lower portion and an upper por
tion resiliently connected to said lower portion, _
and 1a detachable member having a corrugated
upper surface and carried by the lower portion,
upon which member the textile or similar fabric
ise'laid and marked by drawing a pencil or the
like across Íttransversely of the corrugations,
said upper portion lying above the corrugated ‘
surface and being constructed to provide a ruling
edge transversely of the corrugations.
base and upper portion at one end.
.
9. Means of the nature indicated, including a'
member having a corrugated base portion upon
which textile or similar fabric is laid to be marked
by drawing a pencil or the like across it trans
versely of the corrugations, an upper portion lying
above said base portion and constructed vwith a
ruling edge, anda loop resilientlyv connecting said
base and upper portion at one end, and an ad
justable spacing device, movable upon said` upper
portion, which acts to indicate the distance apart
4. Means of the nature indicated, including a
holder having a lower portion and an upper por-I 60 of vthe lines of dots or marks being made.
tion resiliently connected to said lower portion,
GABRIEL CHRIS'I‘IAAN ERASMUS
and a detachable member having a ribbed upper
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