close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2404679

код для вставки
July‘23, 1946.
P. ANDRON ETAL
Y 2,404,679
GARBONATOR
Filed April 4, 1945
3 Sheets-Sheet l
19
O
(D
O
O
BY
July 23, 1946.
P. ANDRoN ETAL
2,404,679
CARBONATOR
Filed April 4, 1945
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTORS
2,404,679
Patented July 23, 1946
UNITED
STATES PATENT o'Frl‘cE a
2,404,679
CARBONATOR
philip Andron, Brooklyn, N. Y., and Harold ‘
Krichman, Bayonne, N. J.
Application April 4, 1945, Serial No. 586,536
6 Claims.
l
(o1. zei-93)
2
chamber 33 having an opening therein; 34,
through which extends the float rod 35- support-'
particularly to a compact automatic device which
ing the iloat 36 within the protecting bracket 31.
will carbonate water or other liquid for use in
On the other end of the float rod 35 is mounted
soda fountains or otherwise.
'
An object of the invention is to provide a car Ul the contact member 38 and this extends `through
the bellows 39 ñXed at 43 to the casting3l. A
bonator which is automatic in its operation and
water inlet coupling 4I is provided to receive the
which will be self-operating.
tubing I4.
1
'
=
" '
> ‘
A further object is to provide a carbonator
Mounted in the casting 3i' are stainless steel
which will thoroughly miX the gas with the liquid
ball bearings 45 and similar bearings '45 are
so as to continuously supply carbonated liquid as
mounted -in-the casting 25. Bearings 45 are held
it is needed.
i
in place by the snap ring 41. Mounted in the
A further object is to provide a device oi the
bearings 45 and 45 is a stainless steel tubing 55
character described which will operate only when
and a rubber gasket 48 is placed »about the top
required but which, when once actuated will
15 of this tubing to prevent 'gas from passing over
always be ready for further operation.
the‘outside thereof.` Mounted on the tubing 5i)
Other objects and advantages of our inven
are a plurality of agitators 5I. Preferably these
tion will appear from the accompanying draw
are iour-bladed sheet metal agitators and may
ings, in which
be mounted on the outside of the tubing 50 in
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a carbonator em
This invention relates to a car-bonator and more
20 any conventional manner. On the lower half
l
of the tubing 5B are mounted a series of arcuate
Fig. 2 is a top plan view thereof;
_
tubular members 52 communicating with the in'
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view in elevation show
side of the tube 50 and having an inner bore 53
ing the operation of the carbonator;
n
considerably smaller than the inner bore 54 of
Fig. 4 is a cross sectional view taken on the line
25 the tube 50. The top 55 of the tube 50 corn
4-4 of Fig. 3;
.
municates with the bore 56 in the casing 3| which,
Fig. 5 is a cross sectional View taken on the lin
bodying our invention;
in turn, communicates with the gas inlet I5.
Mounted above the bellows 39 and the contact
Fig. 6 is a diagram showing the circuit and
member 38 of the float rod 35 are a pair of micro
switches involved; and
Fig. 7 is a detail view showing the manner of 30 switches 6B and 6I having dependent contact
points 62 and 63, the contact point 62 being
operating the micro-switches.
Referring more particularly to the drawings,
somewhat lower than the contact point 63. The
micro-switches 60 and 6l are supported by suit
the carbonator I0 may be encased in a suitable
able brackets 64. Also 'mounted above the cast
covering II with the provision for current fur
ing 3l is a relay 65. A suitable cap or cover of
nished by the cable I2; for furnishing water by
metal or plastic 66 is provided to cover this
means of the line I4, and for furnishing gas un
mechanism. Mounted in the water line l5 is
der pressure by means of the line I5. A further
a check valve E8 and in the gas intake line I5 is
line I 5 leads to a conventional safety valve at
mounted a solenoid valve 69.
the end thereof, Il. The line I6 is also provided
When it is desired to put the unit into opera
with a three-way cock valve I8 which when in 40
tion, the three-way valve I8 is opened to allow
one position will connect the carbonator to the
communication between the chamber 25 and the
safety valve, and which, in the other position
outside atmosphere. Water is then let into `the
will connect the carbonator to the atmosphere.
water line 'ID and the three-way valve closed so
An outlet I9 is provided at the bottom of the
carbonator for drawing off the carbonated liquid. 45 as to provide communication between the cham
ber and the relief valve only. As the water level
The carbonator I0 is preferably made up of a
rises the float 36 will rise until the contact mem
base casting 25, a chamber 26 which may be made
ber 38 closes the micro-switch 50, thus energizing
of two sections of tubing 21 and 28 suitably fas
the circuit and opening the solenoid valve 69 to
tened together with the gasket 29 therebetween
by means of bolts 3B. Another casting 3| is pro 50 allow the gas to enter through‘the inlet I5 into
the center of the tube 50. The gas will naturally
vided, and the tubular sections 21 and 28 are suit
force its way through the arcuate spinner‘tubes
ably aiîixed to the castings 25 and 3l by means of
52 thus causing the tube 5U to rotate in the bear
soldering or otherwise. The casting 25 is pro~
ings 45 and 45 and to rotate with it the agitators
vided with an opening 32 communicating with the
outlet I9. The casting 3| is provided Vwith a 55 5I insuring a thorough mixing of the liquid.
5--5 of Fig. 3;
2,404,679
ö
.
As the gas pressure, which is normally intro
duced at about 75 pounds to the square inch, in
creases, it will prevent the entry of more liquid
valve controlled by said circuit, a pair of switch
members in said circuit, means for introducing
through theinlet I4 in View of the fact that the .
pressure of the gas is greater than that of the
Water. .This will close check valve 68 and pre
vent the gas from forcing its Way out through the
water line. As the pressure of the gas increases
within the chamber, the bellows 39 are expanded
gas into said chamber under pressure controlled
by said valve, one of said switch members being
operated by said ñoat rod to open said valve and
the otherof said switch members being operated
by said bellows to close said valve4. In a carbonator a chamber, a pipe intro
ducing water into said chamber, a check valve in
until the contact 63` of the micro-switch 6I is
said pipe to prevent the escape of gas from said
contacted, thus closing the switch 6I bringing
chamber when the pressure of gas is greater than
into operation the relay which will, in turn, close Í I‘ »the <pressure of water in said pipe, means for
the solenoid valve and shut off the gas pressure.' ’ l» introducing gas into said chamber under pres
» The carbonator is at this point fully charged.
vfsure, av Valve controlling said gas introducing
As the carbonized liquid is drawn off 'through j means, acircuit controlling the operation of said
the outlet _I9 and the water level falls, v'the gas
valve, an opening in said chamber, a bellows on
pressure will likewise fall. Upon the fallingof
the water pressure the float 36 will dropout of. > said opening, a ñoat having a iioat rod extend
ing through said bellows, a pair of switch mem
contact with the contact element 62 of the switchbers
in said circuit, onevof said switch members
60. As the gas pressure falls, more water will be 20
actuating said circuit to open said valve,y the
able to pass through the check valve into the con- t
other of said switch members actuating said'cir
Itainer, thus raising again the float valve to ac
cuit to yclose said valve, the ñrst of said switch
tuate the micro-switch 6!! which. in turn, will open
members being closed bysaid ñoat rod when said
the solenoid valve and allow more gas to enter.
ñoat `reaches a predetermined position and the
The operation, therefore, will be continuous and
second of said switch members being closed when
the »carbonator will Valways be charged as long as
the unit is in operation.
Y
the gas in said chamber reaches a predetermined
It will be appreciated that many variations, re
pressure, each of said switch members being open
ñnements and modiñcations of our invention may
vention, and that'several’ diiîerent Vcircuits may
when the pressure in said chamber falls below
a predetermined point.
5. In a carbonator a chamber, a pipe'introduc
be employed to'produce the same results.'
ing water into said chamber, acheckvalve in
be made without departing from the'basic in
'
said pipe to prevent the escape Aof gas from said
chamber when the pressure of gas is greater than
1.‘In a carbonator a chamber, a tubular memn
ber rotatably mounted in said chamber Vextend l35 the pressure .'ofrwater in said'pipe, means for
introducing gas into said chamber under pres
ing throughout the length of said chamber, agi
sure, a valve controllingV said gas introducing
tators on said tubular member, arcuate tubular
spinner members mounted on said tubular mem
means, a circuit controlling the operation of said
_ber spaced throughout its length and communi
valve, an opening in said chamber, a bellows on
We claim: ' `
"
‘A
cating with'the center thereof, means for intro
ducing W?lter- into said chamber, means for in
troducing‘gas intosaid chamber under pressure
'through'said tubular member and said spinners,
a valve controlling said gas introducing means,
means operated by the level of the water in said '
chamber to open said valve, additional means
operated by the pressure in said chamber to close
saidv valve and means for closing the water-intro
ducing means to prevent the escape of gas when
the gas reaches a predetermined pressure.
'
2. In a carbonator a chamber, a tubular mem
40
said opening, a float having- afloat rod extending
through said bellows, a pair of switch members
in said circuit, one of said switch members lactu
ating said circuit to open said' valve, `theother
of said switch members actuating'said circuit‘to
close said valve, the ñrst ofsaid switch members
being closed by said float rod when said-ïfloat
reaches apredetermined positionand the second ï
of said switch members being closed when the
50 gas in said chamber reachesr a predetermined
pressure, each of said switch members Vbeing open
when the pressure in said Vchamber falls below
ber rotatably mounted in said chamber, agi~
a predetermined point, and the float moves down
tators on said tubular member, arcuate tubular
wardly in said chamber.
„
spinner members mounted in said tubular mem
>6. In a carbonator a chamber, an opening in
ber and communicating with the center thereof, 155 the top of said chamber, a bellows on said open
means for introducing water intosaid chamber,
ing, a float having Va ñoat rod extending through
means for >introducing gas into said _chamber
said bellows, means for introducing gas into said
under pressure through said tubular member and
chamber, a valve controlling said means, a, cir
said spinners, a valve controlling said gas intro
60 cuit operating said valve, a relay in'said circuit,
,ducing means, a float in said chamber, a bellows
in said chamber, a pair of contacts mounted above
said Boat and said bellows and operated thereby,
a pair of switch members positioned under said
bellows, said switch members having contacts
depending therefrom, one of said switch members
one of said contacts actuating the circuit to open
having longer contact than the other so that it
said gas Valve when said float reaches a prede 65 is operated by said float rod when said float rises
termined position and the other. of said contacts
in said chamber, said switch member actuating
actuating a circuit to close said gas valve when
said circuit to open said valve, said second switch
the pressureA in said chamber reaches a prede
member having a contact to close said switch
termined point to operate said bellows.
when the pressure in said chamber operates said
3. In a carbonator a chamber, an openingin
bellows, said second switch member> operating
the top of said chamber, a bellows on said open
ing, a float having a float rod extending through
said bellows, a circuit, a relay 'in said circuit, a
said relay to close said valve.
PHILIP ANDRON.
HAROLD KRICHMAN.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
489 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа