Патент USA US2404679код для вставки
July‘23, 1946. P. ANDRON ETAL Y 2,404,679 GARBONATOR Filed April 4, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet l 19 O (D O O BY July 23, 1946. P. ANDRoN ETAL 2,404,679 CARBONATOR Filed April 4, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS 2,404,679 Patented July 23, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT o'Frl‘cE a 2,404,679 CARBONATOR philip Andron, Brooklyn, N. Y., and Harold ‘ Krichman, Bayonne, N. J. Application April 4, 1945, Serial No. 586,536 6 Claims. l (o1. zei-93) 2 chamber 33 having an opening therein; 34, through which extends the float rod 35- support-' particularly to a compact automatic device which ing the iloat 36 within the protecting bracket 31. will carbonate water or other liquid for use in On the other end of the float rod 35 is mounted soda fountains or otherwise. ' An object of the invention is to provide a car Ul the contact member 38 and this extends `through the bellows 39 ñXed at 43 to the casting3l. A bonator which is automatic in its operation and water inlet coupling 4I is provided to receive the which will be self-operating. tubing I4. 1 ' = " ' > ‘ A further object is to provide a carbonator Mounted in the casting 3i' are stainless steel which will thoroughly miX the gas with the liquid ball bearings 45 and similar bearings '45 are so as to continuously supply carbonated liquid as mounted -in-the casting 25. Bearings 45 are held it is needed. i in place by the snap ring 41. Mounted in the A further object is to provide a device oi the bearings 45 and 45 is a stainless steel tubing 55 character described which will operate only when and a rubber gasket 48 is placed »about the top required but which, when once actuated will 15 of this tubing to prevent 'gas from passing over always be ready for further operation. the‘outside thereof.` Mounted on the tubing 5i) Other objects and advantages of our inven are a plurality of agitators 5I. Preferably these tion will appear from the accompanying draw are iour-bladed sheet metal agitators and may ings, in which be mounted on the outside of the tubing 50 in Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a carbonator em This invention relates to a car-bonator and more 20 any conventional manner. On the lower half l of the tubing 5B are mounted a series of arcuate Fig. 2 is a top plan view thereof; _ tubular members 52 communicating with the in' Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view in elevation show side of the tube 50 and having an inner bore 53 ing the operation of the carbonator; n considerably smaller than the inner bore 54 of Fig. 4 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 25 the tube 50. The top 55 of the tube 50 corn 4-4 of Fig. 3; . municates with the bore 56 in the casing 3| which, Fig. 5 is a cross sectional View taken on the lin bodying our invention; in turn, communicates with the gas inlet I5. Mounted above the bellows 39 and the contact Fig. 6 is a diagram showing the circuit and member 38 of the float rod 35 are a pair of micro switches involved; and Fig. 7 is a detail view showing the manner of 30 switches 6B and 6I having dependent contact points 62 and 63, the contact point 62 being operating the micro-switches. Referring more particularly to the drawings, somewhat lower than the contact point 63. The micro-switches 60 and 6l are supported by suit the carbonator I0 may be encased in a suitable able brackets 64. Also 'mounted above the cast covering II with the provision for current fur ing 3l is a relay 65. A suitable cap or cover of nished by the cable I2; for furnishing water by metal or plastic 66 is provided to cover this means of the line I4, and for furnishing gas un mechanism. Mounted in the water line l5 is der pressure by means of the line I5. A further a check valve E8 and in the gas intake line I5 is line I 5 leads to a conventional safety valve at mounted a solenoid valve 69. the end thereof, Il. The line I6 is also provided When it is desired to put the unit into opera with a three-way cock valve I8 which when in 40 tion, the three-way valve I8 is opened to allow one position will connect the carbonator to the communication between the chamber 25 and the safety valve, and which, in the other position outside atmosphere. Water is then let into `the will connect the carbonator to the atmosphere. water line 'ID and the three-way valve closed so An outlet I9 is provided at the bottom of the carbonator for drawing off the carbonated liquid. 45 as to provide communication between the cham ber and the relief valve only. As the water level The carbonator I0 is preferably made up of a rises the float 36 will rise until the contact mem base casting 25, a chamber 26 which may be made ber 38 closes the micro-switch 50, thus energizing of two sections of tubing 21 and 28 suitably fas the circuit and opening the solenoid valve 69 to tened together with the gasket 29 therebetween by means of bolts 3B. Another casting 3| is pro 50 allow the gas to enter through‘the inlet I5 into the center of the tube 50. The gas will naturally vided, and the tubular sections 21 and 28 are suit force its way through the arcuate spinner‘tubes ably aiîixed to the castings 25 and 3l by means of 52 thus causing the tube 5U to rotate in the bear soldering or otherwise. The casting 25 is pro~ ings 45 and 45 and to rotate with it the agitators vided with an opening 32 communicating with the outlet I9. The casting 3| is provided Vwith a 55 5I insuring a thorough mixing of the liquid. 5--5 of Fig. 3; 2,404,679 ö . As the gas pressure, which is normally intro duced at about 75 pounds to the square inch, in creases, it will prevent the entry of more liquid valve controlled by said circuit, a pair of switch members in said circuit, means for introducing through theinlet I4 in View of the fact that the . pressure of the gas is greater than that of the Water. .This will close check valve 68 and pre vent the gas from forcing its Way out through the water line. As the pressure of the gas increases within the chamber, the bellows 39 are expanded gas into said chamber under pressure controlled by said valve, one of said switch members being operated by said ñoat rod to open said valve and the otherof said switch members being operated by said bellows to close said valve4. In a carbonator a chamber, a pipe intro ducing water into said chamber, a check valve in until the contact 63` of the micro-switch 6I is said pipe to prevent the escape of gas from said contacted, thus closing the switch 6I bringing chamber when the pressure of gas is greater than into operation the relay which will, in turn, close Í I‘ »the <pressure of water in said pipe, means for the solenoid valve and shut off the gas pressure.' ’ l» introducing gas into said chamber under pres » The carbonator is at this point fully charged. vfsure, av Valve controlling said gas introducing As the carbonized liquid is drawn off 'through j means, acircuit controlling the operation of said the outlet _I9 and the water level falls, v'the gas valve, an opening in said chamber, a bellows on pressure will likewise fall. Upon the fallingof the water pressure the float 36 will dropout of. > said opening, a ñoat having a iioat rod extend ing through said bellows, a pair of switch mem contact with the contact element 62 of the switchbers in said circuit, onevof said switch members 60. As the gas pressure falls, more water will be 20 actuating said circuit to open said valve,y the able to pass through the check valve into the con- t other of said switch members actuating said'cir Itainer, thus raising again the float valve to ac cuit to yclose said valve, the ñrst of said switch tuate the micro-switch 6!! which. in turn, will open members being closed bysaid ñoat rod when said the solenoid valve and allow more gas to enter. ñoat `reaches a predetermined position and the The operation, therefore, will be continuous and second of said switch members being closed when the »carbonator will Valways be charged as long as the unit is in operation. Y the gas in said chamber reaches a predetermined It will be appreciated that many variations, re pressure, each of said switch members being open ñnements and modiñcations of our invention may vention, and that'several’ diiîerent Vcircuits may when the pressure in said chamber falls below a predetermined point. 5. In a carbonator a chamber, a pipe'introduc be employed to'produce the same results.' ing water into said chamber, acheckvalve in be made without departing from the'basic in ' said pipe to prevent the escape Aof gas from said chamber when the pressure of gas is greater than 1.‘In a carbonator a chamber, a tubular memn ber rotatably mounted in said chamber Vextend l35 the pressure .'ofrwater in said'pipe, means for introducing gas into said chamber under pres ing throughout the length of said chamber, agi sure, a valve controllingV said gas introducing tators on said tubular member, arcuate tubular spinner members mounted on said tubular mem means, a circuit controlling the operation of said _ber spaced throughout its length and communi valve, an opening in said chamber, a bellows on We claim: ' ` " ‘A cating with'the center thereof, means for intro ducing W?lter- into said chamber, means for in troducing‘gas intosaid chamber under pressure 'through'said tubular member and said spinners, a valve controlling said gas introducing means, means operated by the level of the water in said ' chamber to open said valve, additional means operated by the pressure in said chamber to close saidv valve and means for closing the water-intro ducing means to prevent the escape of gas when the gas reaches a predetermined pressure. ' 2. In a carbonator a chamber, a tubular mem 40 said opening, a float having- afloat rod extending through said bellows, a pair of switch members in said circuit, one of said switch members lactu ating said circuit to open said' valve, `theother of said switch members actuating'said circuit‘to close said valve, the ñrst ofsaid switch members being closed by said float rod when said-ïfloat reaches apredetermined positionand the second ï of said switch members being closed when the 50 gas in said chamber reachesr a predetermined pressure, each of said switch members Vbeing open when the pressure in said Vchamber falls below ber rotatably mounted in said chamber, agi~ a predetermined point, and the float moves down tators on said tubular member, arcuate tubular wardly in said chamber. „ spinner members mounted in said tubular mem >6. In a carbonator a chamber, an opening in ber and communicating with the center thereof, 155 the top of said chamber, a bellows on said open means for introducing water intosaid chamber, ing, a float having Va ñoat rod extending through means for >introducing gas into said _chamber said bellows, means for introducing gas into said under pressure through said tubular member and chamber, a valve controlling said means, a, cir said spinners, a valve controlling said gas intro 60 cuit operating said valve, a relay in'said circuit, ,ducing means, a float in said chamber, a bellows in said chamber, a pair of contacts mounted above said Boat and said bellows and operated thereby, a pair of switch members positioned under said bellows, said switch members having contacts depending therefrom, one of said switch members one of said contacts actuating the circuit to open having longer contact than the other so that it said gas Valve when said float reaches a prede 65 is operated by said float rod when said float rises termined position and the other. of said contacts in said chamber, said switch member actuating actuating a circuit to close said gas valve when said circuit to open said valve, said second switch the pressureA in said chamber reaches a prede member having a contact to close said switch termined point to operate said bellows. when the pressure in said chamber operates said 3. In a carbonator a chamber, an openingin bellows, said second switch member> operating the top of said chamber, a bellows on said open ing, a float having a float rod extending through said bellows, a circuit, a relay 'in said circuit, a said relay to close said valve. PHILIP ANDRON. HAROLD KRICHMAN.