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Патент USA US2404693

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Filed April 26, 1945
Patented July 23,1946
` “
Joseph Arthur Clark, South Bend, Ind.
Application April 26, 1943, Serial No. 484,520
5 Claims.
(Cl. 273-9)
This invention relates to a game board, and
more particularly to a game board or table having
marginally positioned means for- causing a ball
rolled thereon izo-rebound. One use of the game
board is as a billiard game board.
Game boards of this type have been made by
providing a rigid, unyielding marginal member
Fig. 6 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 4, illus
trating another embodiment of the invention,
Referring to the drawing, which illustrates the
preferred embodiment of the invention, and par
ticularly to Figs. 1 and 2 thereof, the numeral
I0 designates the marginal frame for a flat panel
II. Frame I0 is preferably formed from cleats
which lacks the resilience necessary for a lively
having an upper portion I2 of reduced width and
rebound of a game piece, by providing a marginal
defining a stepped or shouldered cross-section for
member with a resilient marginal cushion, and 10 marginal support of the panel at I3, whereby the
by providing a taut wire arranged as the game
panel I3 lies below the upper edge of frame I 0.
piece rebound member. The last named type
The cleats are rigidly interconnected in any suit
possesses many of the advantages desired, but all
able manner and the resultant frame may be re
constructions heretofore devised have had at least
inforced to form a strong rigid fiat unit. Panel
one serious deficiency, namely, the provision of
“dead points” at which the wire is rigidly sup
ported and restrained against vibration, with the
result that the desired lively rebound action of a
II may be formed of any suitable rigidl material
such as plywood, hard composition board or the
like, which is strong enough to resist distortion
and bending under normal conditions of use. A
game piece therefrom can be obtained at selected
cloth or felt cover sheet (not shown) may be ap
portions only of the wire.
20 plied over panel I I, if desired.
It is the primary object of this invention to
A ñxture or bracket I5 is secured to the upper
provide a game board whose playing area is
face of each of the frame cleats adjacent to but
bounded by taut wires so mounted, supported and
spaced from each end thereof. The brackets I5
arranged that substantially uniform vibration or
are formed from rigid metal sheet or plate stock,
resilience is obtained at all ball-contacting por
and preferably comprise a flat base portion I6
tions thereof.
and an upwardly off-set gooseneck or longitudi
A further object is to provide a game board
nally reversely bent end portion Il. The base
having a playing area bounded by wires posi
portion I6 is apertured to receive a screw I8 or
tioned thereabove in inwardly spaced relation to
other securing member, and the gooseneck por
the adjacent edges of the board and arranged in 30 tion I'I extends inwardly therefrom in such posi
freely intersecting relation, with the securing and
tion as to provide a convex upwardly facing and
positioning means for the wires positioned in out
upwardly off-set surface. Certain of the brack
wardly spaced relation to said intersections and
ets may be secured to the frame by means of
said playing area.
screws having circumferentially grooved heads I9
A further object is to provide a game board
or the like, for purposes to be described.
having a playing area bounded by wires stretched
One or more wires are secured to the game
thereabove at game-piece-engaging elevation and
in inwardly spaced relation to the edges of said
board, wherein said board has marginal openings
projecting into said playing area and adapted to 40
receive and discharge from said area a game
piece projected therein.
Other objects will be apparent from the de
scription, drawing and appended claims.
board to provide taut wire runs 20 extending be
tween opposed brackets I~5 in adjacent inwardly
spaced relation to the frame cleats and spaced
above the frame and the panel II with their end
portions intersecting. As here shown, two wires
are employed, although this number is merely il
lustrative, as only one wire may be used or any
number of wires up to the number of sides of the
In the drawing:
45 frame IIJ may be used. In the form illustrated,
Fig. l is a top plan view of one embodiment of
one end of each wire is fìxedly secured, as at ZI,
the invention.
to the base portion I6 of a bracket; I5, as by
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional View
means of the screw I8 which secures said bracket
taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
to the frame. The wire passes over the bracket
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary top plan view of an 50 gooseneck I‘I and across the table in a run 2U for
other embodiment of the invention.
engagement with gooseneck I'I of the opposite
Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary detail sec
bracket. The wire is then bent around a retainer
`tional view taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
or guide, such as the grooved head I 9 of the screw
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary detail sec
which secures said opposite bracket, and then
tional view taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 4.
55 extends diagonally at 22 across the corner of the
ments or balls as to allow certain limited toler
ances from exact aim to result successfully in di
game board to the other bracket adjacent said
corner, where it is bent around the retainer I9 on
recting a game piece into the pocket. These tol
the screw which secures said other bracket and
erances may be carefully calculated to correspond
is passed over the gooseneck l1 of the same and
across the table in another run 20 to the opposite QI to those in a conventional pocket billiard table.
Thus the conditions of .play in a lpocket billiard
game are closely simulated and approximately the
bracket. The end portion 23 of the wire passes
over the gooseneck l1 of the last named bracket,
same degree of accuracy and skill required for
around the edge of the frame, and is secured to
adjusting screw '2a.
billiards is also requiredY for the instant r‘game,
The screw 24 is so construct
‘It will be noted that l“dead” `or non-‘vibrating
ed that it may be rotated to adjust the tension of 10
spots or points in the rebound members are
the wire, i. e. to draw it taut. The wire is pref
lavoided in this pocket billiard embodiment as in
erably hard spring wire, similar to piano wire,
It will be noted that the end portions of the Y :the first embodiment.
Another and alternative structure for a pocket
wire runs 20 intersect and contact each other in
inwardly spaced relation to brackets .|‘l5 andirarne> is 'billiard table fis illustrated in Fig. 6. The open
ings 25 are formed in the same manner and the
I0 and at portions thereof which may vibrate
'same Vrelation as in the Fig. 3 embodiment. The
freely. These runs denne the playing area ofthe
pockets fbelow said openings are formed by cavi
game board upon which the game pieces, >such as
ties 3l in blocks 32, secured to the frame and to
balls or marbles 25, are free to roll or move. The
wires are positioned vby bracket portions I1 at a 20 the panel. Cavities 3| register with said open
ings and are sufñciently deep to »permit a `game
level orelevation above the panel I l approximate
piece to pass under the adjacent wire or Wires.
ly equal to .the radius of the game pieces. Conse
These cavities may also be enlarged or elongated
quently, >the game pieces rebound therefrom when
at 3`3 in directions ‘parallel to the frame and be
projected thereagainst. Oli primary importance
is the fact that the resilience of the runs is sub 25 tween the frame and the wire to receive and re
tain a plurality of game pieces ina position Yaway
from the mouth of the pocket inwardly of the
stantially unifor-m at all points thereof, includ
ing the points of intersection. Thus “dead spots”
wire, whereby a number of game pieces may be
are entirely avoided. Note that the intersection
successively discharged into each pocket without
points, .as well as the intermediate portions oi
the runs, are vibratory, and that the bracket 30 interference from game pieces previously dis
charged therein.
goosenecks I1 are somewhat resilient. Hence a
I claim:
game piece or ball which is projected or rolled in
l. .A game board comprising a rigid ?lat'panel,
toa corner, that is, which is so projected that it
a plurality of runs of wire spanning said panel
strikes two angularly disposed runs adjacent
their intersection simultaneously, has substan
tially the same rebound as when projected
against lan intermediate point of `a run. This ac
and spaced thereabove in freely intersecting rela
tion adjacent to the corners of said panel toV de-`
ñne a »closed playing area in the central portion
of said panel, a vplurality of elongated brackets
secured to said panel in outwardly spaced rela
tion is achieved by the anchorage of the ends of
the runs in outwardly spaced relation to the play
ing area and to the resilient gooseneck portions 40 tion »to .said .playing area `and including an out
wardly positioned ?lat base and an integral in
,Il upon which the wires Vmerely bear, and is >par
wardly directed upwardly .off-set gooseneck por
ticularly important where the game board is in
tion »terminating above said panel and outwardly
Atendedfor use in a game of billiards. Y
of said `playing area, »said wire runs >bearing
The embodiment of the invention illustrated in
Figs. 3 `to 6 is an >adaptation of the invention for 45 against said gooseneck portions, and means spaced
use in playing pocket billiards. The basic con
struction is the same as in the preferred embodi
ment and similar parts bear the same reference
outwardly from and at a level below said goose
neck .portions for tensioning said runs.
'2. iA game board »comprising a rigid .ilat panel,
a marginal frame therefor, a plurality of runs vof
numerals. In .this embodiment, .portions of the
panel Il at Vits Acorners and at central points 50 taut wire spanning said panely at an elevation
thereabove -to denne a closed Aplaying area spaced
along its longitudinal margins are cut away at
inwardly of said frame., wire'positìoning members
25, preferably at a bevel. The .openings 26 ex
carried by said frame, said wire runs intersecting
tend from the edges of the panels to points with
at vibratory portions thereof, said panel having
in the playing area, i. e. inwardly of the adjacent
an «opening at its marginal portion and extending
wire runs 4and spaced from said -runs at their
into said playing area, and a closure -for said
innermost edge >portions a distance slightly
opening below ythelevel of said panel and deñnin'g
greater than the diameter of a ball. Pockets 21
may .be secured beneath the openings 26 to re
ceive garne‘elements dropping through said open
ings. These pockets may 'be formed from leath
er, lfabric or other flexible material having
>marginal lportions 28 adhered or otherwise se
cured Vto the panel AI l around openings 26, margi
nal portions >29 secured to the bottom of frame
members lil, .and marginal ¿portions 311 secured
to the inner faces of the frame members I0.
V'.l‘he inner Vedges of the openings y26 4are 'pref
îerably curved,V although "other shapes may be
used with .equal facility, VThe primary require
a pocket.
3. >A pocket billiard game board comprising a
rigid flat panel, a marginal frame therefor, said
panel having a recess in its marginal portion, a
pair of brackets secured to said frame at each side
thereof spaced from the fends thereof, rebound
means deñning a playing area 'on said panel >and
including 'a »plurality of Vibratory 4intersecting
runs of wire extending between and supported by
opposed brackets, and :means positioned 'out
wardly of said playing »area for 'tensioning Ysaid
. runs, said recess extending .into said playing area
mentis that the openings
-beso formed and re 70 to receive a ball below »the adjacent run.
4. jA Ypocket .billiard game èboard adapted 'for
lated .to >theadiacent runïor :runs -of the wire re
use with ballslrollable thereon, comprising Tal-rigid
bound member, that .a 4properly directed game
ilat _vpanel having a lmarginal opening, a contin
piece may drop therein .and pass freely Ybelow the
nous marginal trame supportingsaid .-panel; .a plu
wire. Thesize-«andlshape of l.the openings A26 may
>be so Áproportioned t0 the size of the game ele 75 rality of brackets carried by said frame spaced
from the corners thereof, a plurality of vibratory
runs of wire intersecting at intermediate vibratory
portions thereof and supported by said brackets
outwardly of said intersections to define a con
surface a distance greater than the radius of a
ball, a plurality of brackets carried by said frame
spaced from the corners thereof and each having
an elevated portion, a plurality of Vibratory runs
tinuous vibratory rebound means for said balls, c, of wire intersecting at intermediate vibratory por
and means positioned outwardly of said rebound
tions thereof and supported by the elevated por
means for tensioning said runs, at least a portion
tions of said brackets outwardly of said inter
of the inner edge of said opening being spaced
sections at an elevation above said panel approx
inwardly from said rebound means a distance
imately equal to the radius of said balls to de
greater than the diameter of a ball to receive and
fine a continuous vibratory rebound means for
freely discharge a ball .rolling therein.
said balls, and means positioned outwardly of the
5. A pocket billiard game board adapted for
elevated4 portions of said brackets for tensioning
use with balls rollable thereon, comprising a con
said runs, at least a portion of the inner edge of
tinuous marginal frame, a rigid ñat panel carried
said opening being spaced inwardly from said
by and spanning said frame and having a mar-`
ginal opening, a ball receiving member closing
said opening and depressed below the playing
rebound means a distance suñicient for passage
of a ball therebetween.
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