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Патент USA US2404870

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July 30, 1946.
' Filed July 17, 1941
4 Sheets-Sheet l
J’ ,1,
Theodore Z/Zrz'oh/
' July so, 1946.
‘2,404,870 _
Filed July 17, 1941
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
"fheodar'e Ulrz'c’h/
My @, ma.
Filed July 17, 1941'
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
i 79
Wil ! 79
Ill IH:
Theodore ‘ZrW
July 30, 1946.
Filed ‘July 17, 1941
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
Theodore‘ UZWZZ’IV
Patented July 30,1946
l '1 ‘ ‘
‘ ‘
Theodore Ulrich,‘ Milwaukee, :Wis., ‘assignor to
Edward G. Budd Manufacturing. ‘Company,
, " ;Philadelphia,
Application July
17, 1941; SerialofP'enns‘ylvania‘
(c1, gee-28f) "
(The ‘ invention relates, to improvements inthe
‘post, along the-correspondingly"numbered lines
‘construction, of motor vehicles and more par
of Figure 1, yet onalarger scale; f;
- i
- ‘Figure; 15; is a vertical fragmentary ‘section in
ticularly ofpleasureiautomobiles.
i [More speci?cally, therobject ‘of. the invention
‘is an improved fender and fender‘ arrangement
facilitatingthé initial installation of the fender
the ‘region where thelfender, the ‘body side wall
and the lid ‘for the luggage compartment meet,
along/line‘ |5-l5‘ of Figure 1, yet on a~_-larger
and the repairror replacementof the fender ‘and
adjacentibody. panel portions in caseof damage.
The features of the inventionwill become ap.~
parent from'the following. description of an em»
bodiment and the illustration of the latter in the
attached drawings;
._ ‘I
The body superstructure shown in the drawings
comprises 'but' a few large/units or a one-piece
stampings1,‘to;wit: the‘ sidewall- units or stamp
ings A; the combinedjwindshieldq roof-; and rear
wall-stamping ‘or- unitB;v the doors C; the front
fenders D, the rear fenders E; the, motor hood F,
‘I Figurel is aside elevationof an automobile
the radiator grilleG, the lower front transverse
having a body‘: built ‘in accordance with the in 15 Vmember _ H, ‘the luggagecompartment lid J and
the rear lower cross member K.
Figure 2 isvan ‘explodedview‘of one side wall
member, the.appertaining-fenders, and of the
The side wall-units or stampings'A extendprac
itically overthe entire length of the automobile
so as to surround the; door openings 3|], 3|, and
roof of the body on a'larger scale;
, ~ Figure 3~is;ai plan view of- one of the front 20 so as to form the upper portion of the rear ‘quarter
fenders on a larger scale than in Figures 1 and 2;
~ Figured is-a‘ fragmentary side elevation of the
‘side ‘panel 32' with? the rear quarter side window
33, the front wheel housing 34 and the remaining
'portionu35 'of the‘motor ‘compartment side ‘wall,
the ‘,reapwheel‘ housing 36 and adjacent.‘ lower
body in;the"r_egion of the lower sectioniof a front
‘door post showing the'hinges for the front door 25
panel portionsr36'; the threshold‘, portions 31, the
and the adjacent; section ;;of the door, the scale
upper door rail portions 38, the; middle‘ doorpost
being larger than .that- of Figures 1 and 2.; ' v
39, the front door post portion 40,‘ and ‘the rear
_-Figure -5_is'a: horizontal section’through one
of ‘thefront-door, hinges~ and ‘the adjacent body
and door portions along line 5-—5"of Figure 4 (or
Figure 1),yet on a‘large'r scale;
door post portion4l.
' j
' , The front wheel housing 34 comprises the gen
erally vertical skirt and the‘ crown 42, which latter
4 ~ Figure 6' is a fragmentary section along line
“merges ,‘into the'motor compartment side wall
Gilli ofc-Figures'4 and 5 on about the scale of
Figure‘5; showing ‘in section also a portion of the
portion 35. i The portion 35 is outwardly oifset- at
‘43 along its‘ upper.margin,which' offset is for
fende'riwhichi is,' for the‘ sake of clarity, omitted 35 wardly continued along theforward "part'of-the
L'lII Figure ‘4 ;' '
wheel housing 34, as shown-in Figure 2.- An-in
wardly extending ?ange?“ is provided'along the
'. 'Figure 7iis¥a section through the front door post
greater part of the offset portion 43;
_ ‘
and‘ adjacent side wall and front door post por
The rear marginal portion of .the wall 35‘is
tions along the line 1;’! of Figure 4 ‘(or Figure 1)
on‘ about the same scale asFigures 5 and 6;
40 likewise outwardly o?'set at 45 and ‘then provided
with an‘ inwardly directed ?ange 45 which‘form‘s
Figures 8, 9, 1’0' and 11 are vertical fragmentary
'the jambiace of. the. front‘door post. An inclined
sections through the fender,‘ the adjacent motor
portion 41 connects the olfset portion 45 and the
compartment wall-‘and the motor‘ hood or the
"main body of the portion 35. The ?ange 46 is
cowl in the1 region where these members meet
reinforced by al'U-section rail; 48 which‘ nests in
‘:along the correspondingly numberedlines of Fig}
'ure' 1"(see_ also Figure‘ 3), yet one larger scale
‘the ‘angle formed by the offset 45 and the'?ange
than Figure‘ ‘1;’
'46 and’is connected ‘with these portions. M The
l ‘
Figure 12 is va horizontal section through the
rearmo's't' 'do'or post ‘ along the _~ correspondingly
'numberedqlineof Figure 1, on a larger scale than
Figure'lla‘ndvon about the scale of Figures 4 to‘7,
and showing-the construction of ' the body in the
rear post regionbetWeen the hingeconnections;
Figures Band 14 are vertical fragmentary sec
tions inthe belt-line region behind the rear door
space between the inner margin of the ?ange 46
and the main body of panel portion 35 is bridged
'by a panel 48’_so that a‘closed" box-sectional lower
‘I _
‘The gfrontfender unit‘ D comprises‘the fender
portion 479 proper ‘and upwardly and rearwardly
extending panel portions5ll. , The forward .mar
‘Q ginal portions of the fender 49 propeipand ‘the
forward upper margins of the panel portion 50
are providedrwith inwardly directed ?anges 5|
The inner arm 8| of the hinge member 19 is
secured to the hinge rail 82 of the front door C,
and 52 which overlap and are connected, such
and the other arm 83 is arranged on the inside
of the door overlap ?ange 84.
» as by bolts and nuts 53, to the ?ange 44 of the
The front fender unit D is provided with cut- I
wheel housing and side wall panel portions 34,
35. The forward parts of the ?anges 44,52 and
cuts 85 ‘at the location or thehinges and the
'margins of these cut-buts ‘are ‘reinforced by
5| are connected‘tothe ‘radiator grille and a cross
pressed-out ‘headings 86-‘—"Fig‘ures 1, 2, 5 and 6.
panel member (not shown).
The ledge formed by the remainder of the ?ange . ,. These cut-outs portions are practically completely
5| and by thei?ange 52 iscovered by the marginal‘ in closed by the forward portion 18 of the respective
portion 54 of ‘the hood F. ‘The margin-of the. hingepannbd This portion 18 is curved concen
hood F which overlies ?ange 52 is i-arrangedat _ ' trically to ‘the axis of the hinge pin 80 so that in
the height of the belt-line and provided with a
,all positions the cut-out portions 85 are nearly
belt-line molding 55 held by clips orthe
‘55; - completely covered;
This molding, 55 extends forwardly beyond‘ the 35‘ After the “assembly of the stationary parts of
end of the ?ange 52 where the hood extends
the body and the attaching of the front door
hinges, "the sense 1| of the front fender unit D
The rearward portion of ?ange 44 is connected -
is slid friom'the rear under the arms 14 of the
to the marginal portion 51 of the cowl extension
58 which forms part'of the windshield-, roof-,
rear-wall-unit B. ‘Flange 44 and the ‘marginal
clips 13, then fastened by its ?anges 63, 5'0, 52
portion 51 are rigidly secured to one another such
ing 34, The connection of "the cowl and!) post
region is then covered ‘by “the'moulding strip '61;
The construction ‘of the ‘uppermortion of the
asby spot welding; the ?ange 52 of- the fender
overlies in this region the'upper surface of “the
marginal cowl portion SL-see Figure '8.
slightly in front of the cowl-portion '59 proper,
the ?ange 52 of the wheel housing member ED "is
the windshield-, roof-, and rear-'wai'lfunfit B, vvand
‘6| 'is held by a clip 52 fastenedto said
?ange 5.0 and extends through the side wall olf
set 43 and the downwardly extending marginal
‘front door ‘post 40, of ‘the header rail 38'abovethe
door openings'i?, ‘31, of "the rear quarter side
window 33, as ‘well as of‘ the ‘adjacent partsof
provided with agdownwardly directed ?ange 60.
and by means of thebolts 65, 5], 53120 themargins
of the side 'wall'portion 3'5van-doftheiwheel‘hous
the relative arrangement of ‘these’ menibersfand
their vconnection‘r'nay' ‘be "conventional and‘jis,
therefore, not shownor described in ‘detail. . ‘The
connection between the units A and “B is hidden
51 of ‘the cowl extension 58-see'Figure 9.
In the region'of the cowl 59'proper and of the
‘front or A-post,'the fender unit D has its ?ange
from view for the greater part of its length by
the drip channel 88 so thatonly‘thejshort searn 89
52 upwardly extended at-‘6’3. ‘The'lower margin
between the end of the channel “and ‘the belt
of the cowl 59 is—see' Figure iii-inwardly and
downward-1y offset at 54-45. This o?set overlaps
lower ahorizontalvsid'e’rnargin
careful ?nishing operation.
‘of ‘the unit
and is permanently fastened, such as by spot
B in rear of the seam "8i9‘iis"'i-rrwardly ‘and down
welding, to the offset portion 45 ofthe side vwall
Wardly offset at 83 and 54--‘Fi_g-u'~re 14-35 that
unit A. The extension 53 ‘is attached to the offset
portion 55 and 43 ‘by a couple of bolts and nuts
The channel formed by the ?ange 52 and offset
"the offset marginal portion siiybveriiesand is 'fas-_
tene'd, vsuch as by spot welding, to ‘the marginal
portion 95 or the panel ‘portion li‘ikf'belowethe- vbelt
line; “In front of the seam 89, the :side'panelpor
‘5:4 ‘between the door opening 3'!) andit‘he rear side _
corner of the hood F is covered by a ‘belt-‘line
‘tion ‘35’ ‘is similarly- o?-s'et at ‘£98 with regard to
moulding 51 ‘held icy (clips or the like Eli-‘see
The rear fender runit E eomprisesa fender pore
tion '31 proper-and upwardly and forwardlywex
tending panel portions 98.‘ *l‘heiup'wardly extend
ing panel portion‘ 98 is inwardiyiand ‘upwardly
the upper rear quarter side portion 32.‘
Figure '10. This moulding ?l'forms acontinna
tion of the moulding 55 along the hood Fland ‘is
continued by similar moulding strips 59 ‘attached
to or formed on the doors ‘(E-see Figure 1. _
The front fender unit D is provided along its
rear margin ' with a ‘narrow inwardly directed
?ange 10 which is continuedby a forwardly di
rected ?ange or tabs 1|. This ?ange ‘H is covered
‘ "
o?set at 99 and 104). ‘The'o?set portion 1M‘ is
fastened ‘to the side panei'portion 85150 that‘be
tween the offset E99 of the‘ panel :5.‘ iand'the offset
96 of the unit B and the onset 8315f thepanellti
an outwardly facingiohannel is formed Winona-e;
continuously or at certain intervals with .a rubber 55 ceives the heads of the fastening bolts M1 for
or the ‘like cover'12. 'Z-shapedclips 73 ~are‘"'=at
the unit E.
channel is coveredzby a mould
tached to the offset portion 45 of vthe vside wall
ing M2 held by ‘clips 10!‘ This moulding 452
unit and the ?ange 11 is slid from'the rearcunder
.forms :a continuation of thedoormoulding £9.
the outwardly o?set arms 14 of theseoli-ps and
The construction of this ‘connection between the
held there ?rmly and without danger of rattling
‘fender E and the units A and B and off/he mould
due to the resiliency of the clips androf the rubber
ing I52 is similar to the construction for the ‘front
7 covering '12.
fender, as‘shownin Figure 10..
- -
The side wall portion 41 is reinforced below
The fender unit
is provided along its front
the belt-line by a stamping or-thes-like '55. One
margin with inwardly and rearwardly directed
member FIG each of two vertically spaced hinges
?anges or tabs “34, 405; the latter being covered
is fastened to the side wall ‘at the ends of the
by rubber I 05. Z_-shaped clips I01 are connect
reinforcing member 15. These members 16 are
.ed in the region of the door post 44 to thepanel
reinforced bymarginal ?anges 11 which converge
136". The ?ange 105 with its rubber coveringqll?
toward the rear of the carand form together
may he slid under the freevarmsg “18 {of the clips
the remaining main portion of the member v15 a 70 in] and then held in place ‘there. .lnfthie
narrow LIV-section member, The correspondingly
spect the construction corresponds to the con
shaped outer end ‘18 of the second hinge'member
19 is slid over the rear end of the member 16 and
the two ends are journaled to one another by a
‘hinge pin 80.
struction of the front fender ID‘ and its connec
" tion as shown in Figure '7.
The main portion of the panel 35’ in use, rear
of the lamb face I03 along the rear door DOSt
forms, together with the ?ange IIIII of the ,fender
this last-named region might be made from com
paratively cheap, coarse sheet metal‘ and only
unit E, a rabbet for the reception of the overlap
?ange IIB of the rear door C—-Figure 12. The
said portion? of'the rear‘quarter side window may
same is of course also true for the front fender
?ange ‘III, the panel portion 45 and‘ the ‘overlap ‘
?ange 84 of the front door--Fig. 7.
The fender unit E is provided with cut-outs
III similar to the cut-outs 85 of the front fen
along‘ line 89 between theIend of the drip chan
nel 88 and the belt line require ?nishing opera
tion.‘ It will, moreover, be understood that the
invention is ‘not? at all restricted to ‘the speci?c
form ‘and extent of the side walland roof unit,
‘but that its features may be used for many types
of bodies. The invention is likewise not restricted
der, which are ?lled in‘by the rear hinge mem- ,
bers the construction of which is very similar to
the construction and’ the arrangement 'of the
The space between the jamb portion I09 and
the crown I20 of the wheel housing 36 is closed
by an inner reinforcing panel I2 I;
. *
The connections’ between the upper portion of
the rear Wall and the side walls are very simple
‘because. only the very short ?ange connection
corresponding parts of the front hinges.
be made from more expensive sheet metal stock
having a smooth ?nish.
A shelf I26 which ?lls the space between the
rear wall and the upper margin of ‘the rear seat
to any speci?c type of ‘material, although the
illustrated embodiment is'thought to be made ‘of
back cushion (not shown) has its ends I 21 fas
the standard body‘material: sheet metal.‘ -' '
All modi?cations of the invention which will
tened such as by welding to the roof unit B and
occur to those skilled in the art are intended‘to
to the 'sideunits A along the marginal offsets‘, 94,‘
85 where these two units overlap one ‘ another
(Figure 14).
be covered by the appendedvclaims with the ex
ception of such features which‘form the subject
The wheel housing skirt 36 has its ‘upper mar
gin provided with inwardly and upwardly di
rected ?anges I38, I39, which ‘de?ne the lug-‘ 25
gage compartment openingé-Figure 15;
The wheel housing unit E is provided along
matter of applic'ant’s copending ‘application Se
rial No. 437,500 for “Door suspension-for'vehicles
especiallyautomobiles,”'?ledApril 3, ‘1942, as a
division of the present application. This‘ divi
sional application matured into Patent 2,383,428,
the luggage compartment opening with inwardly
issued April 21, 1945.
and laterally directed ?anges which overlie and
Whatis claimedis:
are removably fastened to the flange I38 of the‘ so I > 1. In a vehicle body. a wallcomprising an open
side wall, such as by bolts (not shown).
ing having a jambface and“ being adapted to be
The construction of the luggage compartment
lid J may be substantially conventional. I44 in
closed by a closure‘ member, a fender arranged on
the outside of ‘said wall at a short distance'from
Figure 15 indicates one of the lock bolts‘ for the a
the jamb'face of said opening, an integral panel
extension of said fender‘ overlying part‘of but
lid J.
The rear fender unit Eis attached to‘ the body
being slightly spaced fromthe outer surface of
by ?rst sliding its marginal ?ange N15 with the
said wall between said fender and said “opening,
means for removably connecting the margin of
said fender extension along said opening to said
wall, said fender extension being provided along
the margin removably connected to said wall with
inwardly and laterally extending ?anges or tabs,
the laterally extending ?anges or tabs projecting
rubber covering 105. under the arms 158 of the
clips IN, by then removably fastening the upper
and rear marginal portions by their ?anges I00,
I 4| and by means such as bolts IEH to the body
side wall along the belt-line and along the lat
eral marginal portions of the luggage compart
ment opening, and ?nally covering the connec~
tion along the belt-line with the moulding strip
I02 held by the clips I03.
It will be understood that the attachment of
from the inwardly directed ?ange in the same
direction as the adjacent portion of the fender
extension, means on said ‘wall slidably engaged by
said laterally extending ?anges or tabs so that by
moving said fender with its extension in a plane
substantially parallel to the plane of the opening
and away from the center of ‘the opening the
lender may be easily disconnected from the wall
or reattached to it by the reverse procedure.
2. In a vehicle body, a wall comprising an open
ing having a jamb face and being adapted to be
closed by a closure member, a fender arranged
the fender or its removal and replacement in case
of an accident is extremely simple. Adjacent
portions of the side wall panels, which are very
often damaged together with the fender in case
of accident, form one piece with the fender
proper. It is mostly no more necessary to blend
the color of a replaced or straightened fender in
with the color of the main portion of the body
on the outside of said wall at a short distance
because the fender is now separated from the
from the jamb face of said opening, an integral
upper body ‘section ‘by the belt-line moulding.
panel extension of said fender overlying part of
There is no need anymore for weatherstrips along
but being slightly spaced from the outer surface
the connecting lines between the fender and the 60 of said wall between said fender and said open
remainder of the body.
ing, means for removably connecting the margin
It will be understood that the units shown in I of said fender extension along said opening to
the drawings do not necessarily constitute 0ne~
said wall, said fender extension being provided
piece integral stampings. Especially in the case
along the margin removably connected to said
of the side wall units it will often be found more
economical to constitute the unit from a num
Wall With inwardly and laterally extending ?anges
ber of separately manufactured members.’ Nearly
or tabs, the laterally extending ?anges or tabs
projecting from the inwardly directed. ?ange in
all portions of the side wall units are in the com
the same direction as the adjacent portion of the
pleted body hidden from view, either by the roof
fender extension, the wall being provided with
unit or by the fender units or by the doors. In 70 means slidably engaged by said laterally extend
the shown embodiment the only large part of
ing ?anges or tabs so that the fender may be
the side wall unit which is not hidden from view
is the upper portion 32 of the rear quarter side
panel around the rear quarter ‘side window 33,
so that the entire unit with the exception of 75
easily disconnected from the wall by moving said
fender in a plane substantially parallel to the
plane of the opening and away from the center
of the opening, resilient means being inserted
between-said ‘laterally rextendingnanges l-or tabs
and said means provided-on saidwall.
e?anges or tabs, the laterally extending ?anges
or tabs projecting from {the -inwardly directed
3. In a-veh-icle body,~a wall comprising-anepen- ’ ?ange in ‘the same direction as the adjacent
ing -_ha-vin,g a :jamb‘ .face and being adapted to be
portion of the fender extension, the wall ,be
closed by a closure memberya ‘(fender arranged 5 ing provided with means rs'lidably engaged by ~
--=on the -outside -of ‘said -wall at :ashort distance
“from the :j amb :face of said "opening, ‘an integral
said laterally extending ?anges or tabs so that
ing, 7 means ‘for r-remova‘bly :connecting the margin
center of the opening, additional readily releas
able fastening meansjsuch as bolts and nuts ‘pro
the connection between said, fender andits exten
sion tothe wall may easily be dissolved by'mov
panel extension of said fender overlyingrpartef
ing said tender in a plane substantially parallel
but being slightly spaced from theouter {surface
of ‘:said wall between said ~fender and said open 10 to the plane of the opening-and away from the
of said fender extension along ‘said opening ‘to
said wall, asaid fender extension being provided
along-the margin :remova'bly connected to said
wall with inwardly and laterally extending
:ilan'ges for tabs, the laterally ‘extending flanges ~or
'i-tabs projecting from-the inwardly directed :?ange
in the same direction ‘as the adjacent portion-of
vided between said .fender ‘and said body ‘at an
other margin of -the~fender..
'5. In a vehicle body, a wall comprising an open
ing having a jamb facewand ‘adapted :to be closed
by a closure member, ‘a fender arranged on the
outside of said wall at ashort distance efromsaid
‘the fender extension and being covered by elastic
jamb face‘, an integral panel extensiononrsaid -
material :such ‘:as- rubber, the ‘wall being provided .
fender overlying the outside of said wall between‘
with means slidably engaged by the rubber ~.cov
"erin‘gwoi isaid laterally extending ?anges 'or tabs
so. that by moving said 'ienderiin a plane :‘sub
esta‘ntially parallel to the plane ‘of the opening
and away fromzthe centeroi the “opening it \may 25
said fender and said opening and provided with
an inwardly and then reversely bent ?ange‘ along
the opening, means on said wall engaged by "said
reversely bent ?ange and vforming therewith
easilybe'disconnectedrfromsaid Wall.
:Inia vehicle body,- a wall ‘comprising-an open
ing having a lamb face and being adapted to be
closed by a closure member; .a ‘fender-arranged
easily disconnectable fastening means holding
said fender and its extension to said well."
6. Integral fender and side panel structure ‘for
vehicles especially automobiles comprising a
fender proper (for covering part of a wheel on
i on the aoutside ‘of :said'; wall at :ashort distance 30 its outside and a panel extension, adapted‘ for‘
from ‘the vjamb tace 30f ‘said :opening, an integral
covering the outside of a body Wall between a
‘panel extension of said ‘fender ‘overlying par-t 10f
vbut being slightly ‘spaced "from the outer surface
vef'said wall between said fender and said open
wheel housing and‘ an adjacent opening, a .re
versely bent .?ange along the margin of said
panel extension destined to extend along said
ing-means forremovably connecting the margin 35 opening, said reversely bent ?ange being adapted
Ifor‘securing to the wall of a vehicle body along
“of :said tender extension along said opening to
the opening by easily disconnectable fastening
said wall, said tender extension being provided
along the margin .removably connected to said
wall with inwardly and laterally extending
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