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Патент USA US2404937

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July 30, 1946.
Filed Nov. 25, 1945
Patented July 30, 1946
George R. Anderson, Mount Lebanon, Pa., as
signor to John M. Hopwood, Mount Lebanon,
Application November 25, 1943, Serial N 0. 511,685
3 Claims.
(Cl. 110——103)
This invention relates to pulverizer mills for
steam boilers more particularly to a system of
control for regulating the fuel output of a pulver
izer mill in accordance with the load require
ments of the boiler as determined by a master
designated by the arrow and is capable of trans
mitting a sending pressure through line 35 to a
damper operator 36 which operates damper 31 in
the fuel line for a purpose hereinafter explained.
The ?ow regulator I3 for the coal feed operator
I0 may be the type shown in Fig, 2 and consists
It is among the objects of the invention to pro
of a diaphragm chamber 38 in which a diaphragm
vide a control system for pulverizer mills in which
39 is exposed to a pressure differential as deter
the flow of air into the mill is held constant for
mined by pressures in lines 21 and 28. A valve
every load on the boiler.
10 40 is operated by the diaphragm 39 to control the
It is a further object of the invention to pro
application of a sending pressure from a constant
vide a system of control for pulverizer mills in
pressure source I2 designated by the arrow Fig. l,
which the ?ow of air and coal in suspension is
to the sending line I I. The operation of the dia
regulated by controlling the rate of feed of coal
phragm 39 is controlled by the loading pressure
to the pulverizer in accordance with a controlled 15 transmitted to a diaphragm chamber M by the
pressure differential across a portion of the mill
master sender through line IS. A diaphragm 42
in which the coal and air are mixed.
in chamber 4| operates a lever 43 which varies
These and other objects of the invention will
the pressure on a coil spring 44 that is connected
become more apparent from a consideration of
with a
45 fulcrumed at 46. Diaphragm 38
the accompanying drawing forming a part hereof 20 is operatively connected to beam 45 by a yoke 46'
in which like reference characters designate like
having a knife edge 46" resting on the top face
parts, and in which;
of the beam. and a stem 46s. The stem of valve
Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a control sys
40 rests on yoke 46'. A helical spring 41 is at
tem for pulverizer mills embodying the principles
tached to the lower part of the diaphragm stem,
of this invention; and
the other end of the spring is attached to a piston
Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view of an air?ow
48 which moves freely in an oil cylinder 49. The
body of oil in the cylinder extends to the space
With reference to the several ?gures of the
enclosed by the bellows 50 which is connected to
drawing, the numeral I designates a pulverizer
a pressure gauge 5!. An oil by-pass 52 is pro
mill to which air is supplied by the line 2 from a 30 vided to allow the oil to flow around the piston
source of preheated air supply 3 and tempering
48 so that it gradually returns to its normal posi
air 4. Coal is fed to the pulverizer mill through
tion, thereby releasing tension in spring 41.
hopper 5 by a coal feeder 6 and the combined air
The regulator 3| is constructed like the regu
and pulverized coal is drawn from the mill I by
lator I 3 described in connection with Fig. 2 except
an exhauster ‘I through the fuel line 8 extended
that in the loading diaphragm 42 a spring loader
at 9 for delivery to the furnace (not shown) as
is provided which consists of an adjustable thumb
screw 53 which is attached to the coil spring 44
The coal feeder 6 is actuated by a piston op
to vary the tension of the spring and thereby
erator III to whichpressure ?uid is delivered by
pre-set the load on diaphragm 39. With this
line II from a source of constant air pressure do construction a predetermined pressure drop may
supplied at I2 to a regulator I3. Regulator I3
be maintained across ori?ce 3!] of the air inlet
functions in response to an impulse received from
a master sender I4 through line I5 in a dia
In the operation of the above described sys
phragm chamber which is more clearly shown in
tem of control for pulverizing mills regulator 3|
the large diagrammatic illustration of the regu 45 is set by thumb screw 53 to maintain a given
lator in Fig. 2 of the drawing. The master sender
pressure drop or di?erential across ori?ce 30 by
I4 is operative in response to variations in the
adjusting damper 3'! to the desired position there
steam pressure of a boiler IE to which it is con
by maintaining a constant volume of air?ow
nected by line IT. The regulator I3 is connected
through the pulverizer mill I.
by lines 21 and 28 across an ori?ce 29 of the fuel 50
A steam boiler is customarily so operated that
line for a purpose to be hereinafter explained.
the boiler steam pressure remains substantially
A ?ow ori?ce 30 is provided in the air inlet
constant for all rates of steam demand. Where
line 2 and a flow regulator 3| is connected across
automatic combustion control apparatus is em
ori?ce 30 by lines 32 and 33. The regulator 3| is
ployed to control the fuel and air delivered to the
connected at 34 to a source of constant pressure
* boiler, the apparatus is set to maintain a given
steam pressure P at half-load or rating so that
the apparatus will have steam pressure changes
from half-load to full-load, or half-load to no
load to cause it to function. At full-load, the
It is evident from the foregoing description of
this invention that a coal pulverizer may be op
erated by simple flow regulator controls to main
tain a fuel supply to a furnace in accordance with
the demand for steam on the boiler.
steam pressure will drop to PFL and at no-load it
Although one embodiment of the invention has
will rise to PNL. A departure in steam pressure
been illustrated and described it will be evident
from the normal value, say P, is an indication
to those skilled in the art that various modi?ca
that the combustion rate must be modi?ed-thus
tions may be made in the details of construc
if the steam pressure decreases, more fuel and air
must be supplied-—i. e., the combustion rate must 10 tion without departing from the principles herein
set forth.
be increased to cause the rate of steam generation
to equal the rate at which it is consumed. If the
I claim:
1. In a boiler furnace a pulverizing mill, a sys
steam pressure is increasing, that indicates that
tem» of control for regulating the air supplied to
the demand for steam is ‘decreasing and that
steam is being generated at a higher rate than 15 the mill comprising a flow ori?ce in the air sup
ply line and a damper in the combined fuel and
it is being consumed, therefore, the combustion
air delivery line, an operator for said damper and
rate must be decreased by decreasing the rate at
an air flow regulator for said operator, said reg
which air and fuel are supplied to the boiler.
ulator being connected across the air inlet ori?ce
Master sender l4 responds to steam pressure
variations and changes the control point of regu 20 and being set to maintain a constant pressure
drop across said ori?ce by adjustment of said
lator I3 by loading diaphragm 42 and causing the
regulator to control delivery of coal to the fur
nace at such a rate that a de?nite value of pres
sure drop across ori?ce 29 is maintained for each
2. In a boiler furnace a coal pulverizing mill,
a coal feeder therefor, an air inlet and a com
25 bined air and fuel outlet for said mill, a ?ow ori
?ce in said inlet and outlet, a damper in the out
let and a flow regulator responsive to the pres
sure drop across said air inlet ori?ce to regulate
plied to the furnace, the master sender l4 calls
the damper in accordance with variations in the
for more or less pressure drop in the ori?ce 29
density of the combined air and fuel delivered
and more or less coal must be fed by the coal
value of loading of diaphragm 42.
In response to variations in the steam pressures
of the boiler l6 which is ?red by the fuel sup
feeder 6 to the pulverizer mill l to satisfy the
change in the pressure differential required to be
maintained across the ori?ce 29. It is a well
known law of ?ow that at constant volume the
pressure drop across an ori?ce increases directly
by the mill as determined by the pressure drop
across said outlet ori?ce.
3. In a control system for a pulverizer mill sup
plying coal to a steam boiler, said mill being pro
vided With a coal feeder, an operator for actuat;
‘with increased density of the ?ow medium, con
ing the feeder to adjust the rate of feed of coal
sequently if there is an increase of the coal fed
to the mill, an air supply line for the mill, and
to the pulverizing mill the combined air and
an eXhau-ster line therefor, said system compris»
pulverized coal will be denser resulting in a de
ing an ori?ce in the air supply line, a damper in
crease of the pressure drop in the air supply line
the exhauster line, an operator for actuating
ori?ce 3t. Regulator 31 which is pre-set by the
said damper, a regulator responsive to the pres
loading spring adjustment 53, will respond to
sure drop across the ori?ce in said supply line
the decrease in the pressure differential across
ori?ce 3!] and transmit a sending pressure
for so controlling the damper operator that a
to a pressure drop in the air line ori?ce 35 to
adjust damper 31 to maintain a constant drop
across the ori?ce 30 and supply a constant vol
ume of air for which regulator 3| has been pre
each value of steam demand on the boiler the
rate of coal feed is controlled to maintain a press
sure drop across the eXhauster ori?ce substan
substantially constant pressure drop is main
through line 35 to the operator 36 to increase the in CF! tained across said supply line ori?ce, an ori?ce
opening of the damper 31 until the volume of
in the exhauster line ahead of said damper, a,
air ?owing through ori?ce 39 into the mill will
regulator responsive to the pressure drop across
again be normal.
said exhauster line ori?ce for so controlling the
When the pressure drop across the fuel line
60 coal feeder operator that rate of feed of coal to
ori?ce 29 as called for by the master sender It
the mill is such that the pressure drop across
has been satis?ed by the feeding of coal to the
the exhauster ori?ce is maintained substantially
pulverizer mill, the fuel supply to the furnace
constant at a predetermined value for any estabé
will remain constant until there is a change in
lished steam demand on the boiler, and a master
steam pressure of the boiler which will again
vary the operation of the coal feeder and the :x, sender responsive to steam pressure of the boiler
for so loading said coal feed regulator that for
airflow regulator will again operate in response
In this manner the flow of air to the pulverizer
mill l is held constant for every load on the
boiler as determined by the master sender i4.
tially constant at a value corresponding to the
steam demand.
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