Патент USA US2404981код для вставки
July 30, 1946. v. NÃLÄFTALQ METHOD 0F' MAKÍNG NECK-TIES Filed May 5 ATTORNEY Patented July 30, 1946 2,404,981 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,404,981 METHOD OF MAKING NECKTIES Valentine Naftali, Mount Vernon, N. Y. Application May 5, 1943, Serial No. 485,689 2 Claims. (Cl. 2-146) 2 This invention relates to neckties. More par ticularly, my invention is concerned with an im shown in Figs. 1 to 6 thereof, a necktie of the class herein under consideration and made in accordance with my invention. In Fig. 1, I have illustrated a necktie fabric Iû proved method of making neckties of the type disclosed in my Patent No. 2,174,993, dated Octo ber 3, 1939, for Method of making neckties. of customary design and style which has been One of the objects of my invention is to pro« vide a novel method of making four-in-hand neckties which shall represent an improvement in the method of stitching neckties disclosed and claimed in my said Patent No. 2,174,993, and by means of which the distortion due to stretching which usually occurs when making the necktie up into a knot, will be minimized. Another object of my invention is to provide a novel and improved method of making four-in cut to a predetermined pattern so as to produce what is termed a self-lined necktie. The fabric III is folded longitudinally substantially'in half, with the wrong side of the material outermost, to provide two adjacent layers lûa and Mib, con nected by a folded longitudinal edge I I and hav ing the two free edges longitudinal edges I2 and I4 disposed adjacent to each other. While in such folded condition as shown in Fig. 1, I provide a plurality of independent stitched loops I5 spaced from each other along hand neckties which shall be characterized by the simplicity of the steps involved and which at the same time shall produce a necktie of greatly enhanced appearance. Still another object of my invention is to pro 20 vide a novel and improved method of making the length of the folded fabric i9 and arranged in a predetermined position with respect to the longitudinal edge I l. Each stitched loop I5 is so arranged as to pierce the two layers Illa and I 0b at two points £6 and I1 spaced from each four-in-hand neckties by machine sewing which other alo-ng the length of the folded fabric I0. shall have the appearance of being handmade. By reason of the above described arrangement Other objects of my invention will in part be of stitched loops I5, when the folded and stitched obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out. 25 fabric is turned inside out and pressed, in the In the accompanying drawing, in which is customary manner as practiced in the art, it shown one of the various possible embodiments will appear as shown in Figs. 4 and 5 where it of my invention, is noted that sets of simulated bar tacks 2|, 22 Fig. 1 is an elevational view of a cut-to-pattern are spaced along the necktie to greatly enhance necktie fabric folded longitudinally with the 30 the appearance thereof. It is noted that although wrong side outermost and stitched in accordance the stitched loops l5 are arranged in a lengthwise with my invention; direction with respect to the necktie fabric in Figs. 2 and 3 are enlarged cross-sectional views Fig. 1, when the said fabric is reversed the simu taken substantially along the lines 2_2 and 3_3, lated bar tacks 2I and 22 will be disposed trans respectively, of Fig. 1; versely of the length of the necktie. These Vis Fig. 4 is an elevational view of the necktie ible stitched loop portions or tacks 2 I and 22 shown in Fig. 1 after it has been >turned inside are those components of the loops £5 which out and as viewed from the back of the necktie; pierce the fabric layers Illa and Iûb, at the points Fig. 5 is an elevational view of a longitudinal I6 and Il, while the loop portions 24 and 25 edge thereof; 40 (see Fig. 3) overlying the fabric layers IIIa and Fig. 6 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken Iûb respectively, are hidden from View. substantially on the line 6_6 of Fig. 4; In addition to having obtained the advantage Fig. 7 is an elevational view similar to Fig. 1, of providing a handmade bar-tacked appearing but illustrating a modified form of my invention; necktie of distinctive design, I provide a construc and 45 tion in which the excessive distortion of the neck Fig. 8 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken tie, due to its longitudinal stretch While mak l substantially along the line 8_8 of Fig. 7. ing up for Wear, is prevented. Necktie fabrics My invention is concerned with neckties of the are generally cut on the bias so as to render the four-in-hand type which are manufactured by finished necktie stretchable longitudinally. In the so-called reversal process or in other words, 50 the usual reversal method of stitching neckties, by those processes wherein the necktie fabric is such as for example, that taught by the patent first folded as desired with the Wrong side outer most, then stitched and afterward turned inside out and pressed. to Naftali, et al., No. 1,931,447, granted October 17, 1933, for Sewing machines, or my said Patent No. 2,174,993, the necktie is permitted to stretch Referring now in detail to the drawing, I have 55 throughout its length and therefore many times 2,404,981 is overstretched to a point where the necktie, particularly along the edges is distorted by lin dented areas adjacent the stitching. In my im proved method of construction as described in the present application, it is noted that the necktie will be permitted to stretch longitudinally only between the loop portion 2l of one pair of tacks and the loop portion 22 of the next succeeding pair of tacks. The material of the necktie be tween the tack portions ‘2l and 22 of each pair of tacks 2l, 22 will resist stretching and thus while method for manufacturing neckties by means of which the several objects of this invention are achieved, and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use. As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the matter hereinabove set forth, it understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawing is to be permitting resilient stretch of the necktie as a whole will at the same time prevent undue stretch and probable distortion, 4 It will thus be seen that there is provided a Y In Figs. ’l and 8, I have shown a modified form of my invention in which the cut-to-pattern neck tie fabric 3Q is folded substantially longitudinally in half with the wrong side outermost to provide two layers 3l and 32 interconnected by a folded edge 33 and having free edges 3Q and 35. How ever, in this form of my invention, before I stitch the layers 3l and 32 together with the inde pendent loop stitches 3%, similar in purpose and function to that of the loop stitches l5, I fold over, backwardly on itself, an edge portion of the layer 32 to provide a third layer 33 overlying the layer 32. It is noted that the loop stitches 3S, in this form, pass through three thicknesses or layers of fabric material, which makes for a sturdier construction than that having two thicknesses . or layers as described in the Figs. l to 6 form of my invention. In the above described Figs. '7 and 8 form of my invention when the stitched fabric layers are interpreted as illustrative and not ina limiting sense. Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent: i. In a method of making neckties, the steps comprising folding a necktie fabric longitudinally with the wrong side outermost to provide two ad jacent layers interconnected by a iirst folded lon gitudinal edge, folding a portion of one of said two ¿layers over on itself in a direction toward said first folded longitudinal edge to provide a third layer, stitching together the said three layers at a plurality of independent points spaced from each other along the length of said folded fab ric, arranging said independent points of stitching a line substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of said folded fabric and spacing said line of independent points of stitching from said first folded edge a distance substantially equal to the width of the completed necktie, then turning said folded, stitched fabric inside out. 2. In a method of making neckties, the steps comprising folding a necktie fabric longitudinally with the wrong side outermost to provide two adjacent layers interconnected by a first folded turned inside out, the necktie will appear as .fr longitudinal edge, folding a portion of one of said shown in Figs. 4 and 5. two layers over on itself in a direction toward said It will be seen from the above description and first folded longitudinal edge to provide a third from the drawing that the stitched loops l5 or 36 are arranged in a longitudinal row and are variously spaced from the folded edge of the fab ric in the positions shown in Figs. l and '7, with the result that when the necktie is turned inside out and a fold made along the row of said stitched loops l5 or 3S, and pressed, the shape of the neck tie is thereby determined. While in the drawing I have illustrated my in vention as applied to a type of four-in-hand neck~ tie known in the trade as a self-lined necktie, it is understood that my inventive method may also be satisfactorily applied to other types of f four-inehand neckties, which may be folded dif ferently and which may include a lining. layer, fastening together the said three adjacent l ly disposed layers by a plurality of independent stitched loops, spaced from each other along the length of the folded fabric, arranging each stitched loop in such manner that it will pierce the said three layers at two points spaced from each Iother along the length o-f said folded fabric, then turning said folded and stitched fabric in side out whereby the said piercing point portions of said stitched loops will be visible and appear as bar tacks, while the other portions of said stitched loops will be hidden from view. VALENTINE NAFTALI.