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Патент USA US2405001

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J31 Kl‘? 16;
c. c. WHI‘TTAKER
2,405,001
SHOCK ABSORBING DEVICE
Filed April 8, 1944
WITNESSES:
INVENTOR
é?ar/es Cl/i/fzif fd/fé/T
-
BY
02w? 2 .
ATTORN EY
Patented July 30, 1946
2,405,001
T' "
UNITED STATES PATENT QFFICE
2,405,001
’
snoox snsonnnvo DEVICE
Charles C. Whittaker, Pittsburgh, Pa., assignor to
Westinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pitts
burgh, lPa., a corporation of Pennsylvania
Application April 8, 1944, Serial No. 530,218
5 Claims.
1
My invention relates to torpedoes, and more
particularly to an auxiliary nose for the war
head of a torpedo. Torpedoes move at a rela
(01. 114-420)
2
face of revolution, is provided with the lifting
and towing eye 5 which is suitably secured by
welding, or other means, to the auxiliary nose 4
at the depressed region 6. The nose fl is depressed
tively high speed through the water, which is in
the neighborhood of forty miles per hour, and 5 at the region 6 about the lifting and towing eye
or contact point, so that when the torpedo strikes
when a torpedo strikes its target, and the target
the target, the bending and deformation will
is a relatively rigid portion of a ship, as that
readily take place at the deformed or prebent por
portion of armor plate opposite a bulkhead, the
tion 6. The nose thus provides a relatively weak
war-head may be shattered before the explosive
10 arc, and collapses upon contact with the torpedo
charge is ?red.
with the target.
The Government of the United States has been
granted a certain royalty-free license for gov
It will be noted that in the embodiment shown
in Figure l, I merely weld the nose to the tor
ernmental purposes with respect to the invention
pedo at the region 3. Since it is essential that
herein described.
One object of my invention is the provision of 15 deformation does not take place at the region
3, I may shape the torpedo nose and the aux
cushioning means for the nose of a torpedo.
iliary nose as shown at 3', in Fig. 2. It will be
A more speci?c object of my invention is the
provision of an auxiliary nose for a torpedo con
noted that the auxiliary nose has an offset por
tion with a strengthening ring 8 disposed about
suf?ciently to prevent shattering of the torpedo 20 the right-hand end, or open end, of the auxiliary
structed to be deformed to decelerate a torpedo
body when hitting a target.
Other objects and advantages of my invention
will become apparent from a study of the fol
nose 4'. This ring 8 is welded both to the aux
iliary nose and the torpedo, so as to form a rigid
construction. The chamber, for both the em
bodiment shown in Fig. 1 and the modi?cation
lowing speci?cation and the drawing, in which:
Figure 1 represents the war-head, in longi 25 shown in Fig. 2, formed between the auxiliary nose
ll and the hemispherical nose 2 of the torpedo,
tudinal section, of a torpedo provided with a spe
I ?ll with a suitable oil or some other liquid. The
cial nose construction;
liquid may be inserted through the opening 9,
Fig. 2 shows a modi?cation, also in section, of
and then a suitable plug secured into the opening
the war-head of a torpedo; and
Fig. 3 shows a side view of a torpedo, illustret—
ing the changes in shape and deformation of the
auxiliary nose during contact with a target.
The mechanisms for ?ring the charge of a
torpedo and other devices usually found in the
torpedo represent no portion of my invention,
and are, therefore, not shown. It should be noted,
however, that torpedoes usually have inertia con
trol ?ring mechanisms or ?ring mechanisms con
trolled in some other fashion, which cause ex
plosion of the charge when the torpedo hits the
target. Usually, these mechanisms have an in
ertia switch or some other device in the nose of
the torpedo, and when a torpedo strikes a rela
to prevent escape of the liquid.
At the depressed, preformed, or bent region
8, I dispose a plurality of openings circumfer
entially of the eye 5, and I ?ll these openings with
rivets 7 soldered into place so as to make the
chamber leak-proof. In operation, as shown in
Fig. 3, the towing-eye or very point of the nose
of the torpedo strikes the target T, and since this
auxiliary nose, or false nose, immediately begins
to buckle and collapse, the torpedo is slowed down
enough to allow time for the detonators to oper
ate to effect the detonation of the main charge
before the main torpedo body strikes. This slow
ing down is suf?cient to take the initial impact,
to prevent shattering of the torpedo body. The
tively rigid target, the nose and sometimes the
entire front of the torpedo may collapse, and thus 45 impact, however, is of sufficient magnitude to set
the inertia devices in operation to cause detona
fail to e?ect the proper operation of the deto
tion of the torpedo. The slowing down is eifected
nating charge.
I provide the body of the torpedo I with a sub
stantially conventional hemispherical nose 2, hav
ing the offset region shown at 3; and at this
offset region, I dispose the auxiliary nose 4 which
largely in this manner: when the target is struck,
the false nose or auxiliary nose will begin to
buckle at the region 6, the region occupied by the
rivets l’, and the pressure of the liquid inside of
the chamber will expel the loosened rivets, and
may be formed by a plain curve, as an ellipse, ro
thus provide a restricted discharge path for the
tated about its major axis which is in line with
liquid to escape and thus suitably decelerate the
the axis of the torpedo, to thus form a pointed
surface of revolution. This nose portion, or sur 65 main body of the torpedo.
2,405,001
4
stantially equal to the inside diameter of the
body, less twice the thickness of the material
The speci?c dimensions selected for the aux
iliary nose, in themselves, are no part of my in
vention, but the design will, of course, be so se
lected to have a de?nite relation to the speed of
operation of the torpedo, the important feature
being that point In, as it moves back toward the
of the body, a hemi-ellipsoidal false nose having
a circumferential ?ange at the base with an out
side diameter equal to the inside diameter of the
body, the base of the false nose having an out
side diameter equal to the outside diameter of
nose 2, must not contact the nose 2 before the
torpedo’ is substantially brought'to'rest, or at
the body, the ?ange being disposed to ?t snugly
least moves with a relatively low speed so that
over the base of the hemispherical nose, a
the detonating sequence has had time to ignite 10 strengthening ring disposed over the ?ange, and
the ring, ?ange, and base of the hemispherical
the main charge of explosive before the main
nose being welded to each other.
torpedo structure strikes with sui?cient force
3. A torpedo having a substantially conven
to rupture itself.
tional dome-shaped nose, a false dome-shaped
I do not wish to be limited to the particular '
nose of greater height than the conventional nose
false nose construction I have shown, but wish
?tted over the conventional nose to thus form
to be limited only by the scope of the claims
‘ hereto appended;
I claim as my invention:
a chamber between the outer surface of the con
>
'
' ventional nose and the inner surface of the false 7
nose, said chamber being ?lled with liquid and
l. A false nose for a torpedo, in combination,
a torpedo body having a hemispherical nose in 20 the material of the false nose being weakened
tegral with the body, the torpedo body and nose
at the junction region being so shaped, or cir
cumferentially depressed, that ‘the outside diam
eter of the hemispherical nose at the base of the
at suitable places to be ruptured when the liquid
is subjected to pressure as happens when the
torpedo hits a target.
_
4. A nose construction for a torpedo, compris
hemisphere is substantially equal to the inside 25 ing, a-snub nose for the torpedo, a longer de
diameter of the body, a hemi-ellipsoidal false nose
disposed over the hemispherical nose so as, to
form a chamber between the two noses, the base
of the hemi-ellipsoidal nose ?tting snugly over
the base of the hemispherical nose, the two noses 30
formable false hollow nose hermetically con
nected at its base to the region of the base of
the snub nose whereby a leak-proof chamber is
formed between the two noses, a liquid disposed
within the chamber, said false nose being pro- '
being welded to each other at their bases to form
a liquid~tight joint, and a liquid disposed in the
chamber formed by the two noses, the hemi
ellipsoidal nose circumferentially of the tip be
ing bent inwardly a relatively smallv amount
vided with relatively small frangible inserts that
become ruptured at the initial impact of the
torpedo with a target to thus provide escape
vents for the liquid as the false'nose collapses
when a target is hit, whereby the impact of the
so that when the torpedo hits a target the false
torpedo on the target is cushioned.
nose will begin its collapse at the portion bent
inwardly, the tip, at the bent inwardly region,
being provided with a plurality of apertures
5. A nose construction for a torpedo, com
prising, a substantially conventional nose for the
torpedo, a longer deformable false hollow nose
plugged with rivets that are soldered into place 40 hermetically connected at its base to the base of
the conventional nose, whereby a leak-proof
to make the connection leak-proof but to have
relatively little strength when the surrounding
chamber is formed by the false nose over the
metal is stressed, whereby the rivets are, when
conventional nose, thelfalse nose near the tip
the torpedo hits a target and the false nose be
being provided with a circumferential deforma
gins to collapse, expelled from the apertures by
tion to localize the initial collapse of the false
the rising pressure of the liquid in the chamber,
nose when a target is hit, the false nose being
provided with a plurality plugged apertures at
and the torpedo is suitably slowed down to pre
vent damage to the equipment for causing the
the circumferential deformation which provide
vent openings for the contents of the ?uid me
detonation.
2. A false nose for a torpedo, in combination, 5 O dium in the chamber when the false nose begins
a torpedo body having a hemispherical nose in
to collapse and the plugs are expelled 'by the
tegral with the body and the nose being so di
‘ medium.
mensioned and shaped that the outside diameter
CHARLES c. WHITTAKER. ‘
of the base of the hemispherical nose is sub
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