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July 30, 1946. R. L. GRIFFIN ET AL 2,405,032 FUR COMBING AND IRONING MACHINE Filed ?June 26, 1945 4 Sheets-Sheet l July 30,.1946- 2,405,032 R, L. GRIFFIN Er AL FUR COMBING AND IRONING MACHINE 4 Sheet$~Sheet 2 Filed June 26, 1945 -J'K, $4 a ' ., .. . v, / July 30, 1946- R. L. GRIFFIN ET AL 2,405,032 FUR COMBING AND IRONING MA镠INE Filed June 26, 1943 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 July 30, 1946- R. L. GRIFFIN ET AL 2,405,032 FUR COMBING AND IRONING MACHINE Filed June 26, 1943 ' 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 2,405,032 Patented July 30, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,405,032 FUR COMBING AND IRONING' MACHINE Roger L. Griffin, Marblehead, and Norman Y. Moore, Danvers,v Mass, assignors to A. 0. Lawrence Leather Company, Peabody, Mass;,v a". corporation of Maine Application June 26, 1943, Serial No. 492,462 20 Claims. (Cl. 69?27) 1 2 The present invention relates to machines for operating upon the fur of skins or pelts and more sion rolls. A pressure?plate, positioned close to the bite of the combing and bed rolls and around which the feed beltspass, controls the presenta tion of the skins to the combing and ironing roll; Driving means are provided for the two rolls, the combing? and ironing roll being rotated at particularly to machines designed and construct ed especially to comb and iron the fur thereof, such as the wool of woolskins, to straighten the ?bres and impart thereto a pleasing sheen or lustrous appearance. The object of the present invention is to pro vide a machine of'the above type which shall relatively highllinear speed, such, for example, as three thousand feet per minute, while the bed roll and feed belts travel at arelatively low linear operate at high speed with improved results, 10 speed, such as eight feet per minute. The machine is provided with conveniently which shall have complete and positive control placed inclined work table to facilitate the pres of the work as it is fed and presented to the comb entation by the operator of the skins to the feed ing and ironing instrumentalities, and which may devices. Also a wiper is providedfor removing be easily and quickly adjusted by the operator to adapt it for various types and conditions of skins 15 any foreign matter from the face of the bed roll. The frame of the machine shown in the draw and to regulate the effects produced. ings is of welded channel iron construction, com With these objects in view the present inven prising the short horizontal top side members I tion consistsin the devices and combinations of supported upon the front and back vertical mem devices hereinafter described and more particu larly de?ned in the claims. ' 20 bers 3,? with the long front upper transverse mem ber 5 and lower front and back transverse mem bers ?l. In the accompanying drawings which illustrate a woolskin combing and ironing machine em bodying our invention, Fig. 1 is a front elevation Mounted in the bearings 9 supported upon the upper side members I is the combing and ironing with certain parts broken away for clearness of illustration; Fig. 2 vis a side elevation of the same 25 roll ll. Preferably these are ball bearings and one of them is. arranged for axial movement to looking from the right of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a similar provide for the elongation of the shaft-through? side elevation looking from the left of Fig. 1; expansion by heat. The roll is shown in end Fig. 4 is a side elevation, on an enlarged scale, elevation, incorporated in the machine, in Figs. showing the upper portion of the machine looking 3 and 4,. and in sideelevation, apart from the from the left of Fig. 1, with portions broken away; machine, in Fig. 5, and in enlarged axial sec Fig. 5 shows in elevation the combing and iron tional view in Fig. 6. As shownin the latter ing roll detached and before it has been provided ?gure, theroll is made up of a. series of cylin with the heating and combing. elements; Fig. 6 drical sections or members l3, each having a cen is a longitudinal, sectional view of the left hand end portion of the same, on an enlarged scale; 2/0 (A tral hub l5? and .web I?! and ?xedly secured upon the shaft Is by means of the split tapered sleeve Fig. 7 is an end elevation of such roll looking 2!. The adjacentside faces of these sections l3 from the left of Fig. 6; Fig. 8 is a transverse sec are formed with cooperating annular aligning tional view on line 8?8 of Fig. 6 looking toward shouldersandgrooves 23. Each section is also the left in the direction of the arrows; and Fig. 9 formed with a series of circular? bores 25in four is a fragmentary, transverse sectional View, on a groups of three each, see Figs. 7 and 8, to receive still larger scale, of the peripheral portion of the the heating units, and with? three bolt holes 21 roll showing the combing devices and method of through which are passed long bolts 28 for clamp mounting the same on the roll. ing these sections together. The machine of the drawings comprises brie?y The bores 25 and bolt holes 21 are positioned a combing and ironing roll with the combing de so that when the bolt holes are aligned and the vices and the ironing faces alternately spaced bolts inserted, the bores 25 in each section are around the periphery of the roll. Electrical also aligned throughout the length of the rolls. heating devices'within the roll, with external con By making therolls-in separate sections and-ma trol devices, maintain the desired ironing tem perature. The work is presented to the combing and iron ing'roll by means of a rotating bed roll against 50 chining each before assembling, many manufac turing dif?culties are-avoided as, for example, the drilling of the small bores of ?a fraction of an inch in diameter through the long roll, which? may rality of spaced, endless, traveling feedbelts driv beseveral feetin length. Furthermore, there is en and guided by suitably placed feed andteni 55 less"wastageionaccount of imperfect castings. which the woolskins are held by means of a plu 2,405,082 ?19 4 Also, more perfect balancing of the roll can be secured, and this is of importance Where a roll of the required size and weight is normally ro tated at such high? speed as 1000 R. P. M. The sections are first assembled upon the shaft, conveniently by ?rst heating the hub of an end section, positioning it On the shaft and forcing members I permit rotation of the shaft 13 but hold them from axial movement. Knurled heads 89 are provided on the ends of the shaft 13 to rotate the latter. Thus, when the heads are turned, the bearing plates 65 and bearings car ried thereby will be adjusted to bring the feed home a split taper sleeve, then adding in the same manner one after another the intermediate sec roll nearer to or farther from the combing and ironing r011. When the proper adjustment has been made, the bolts 61 will be tightened and the tions, and ?nally the other end section. The 10 parts retained in their adjusted position. sections are then secured together by means of Cooperating with the bed roll to feed the skins the clamping bolts, and the roll surface is given to the combing and ironing roll are the feed belts a ?nishing cut. The four longitudinal slots 29 8! arranged in a series of spaced, parallel end are next planed in the periphery of the roll, the less belts positively driven by a pair of feed rolls outer corner of the following side of each slot at the same linear speed as the periphery of the being slightly relieved, as shOWn at 3| in Fig. 9, bed roll, with one leg of each belt engaging the to avoid liability of damage to the wool when the wool face of the skin to hold the leather face of ironing face 33 contacts the same. the skin in close contact with the face of the The heating units for the roll are of a well bed roll, thus insuring a positive and uniform known tubular type comprising an outer steel 20 feeding movement of the skin to and past the tube of a diameter to have an easy driving fit combing and ironing instrumentalities. within the bores 25. Within the tubes are the The rolls for supporting, driving, guiding and heating elements which consist of helical coils of tensioning the feed belts comprise a positively resistance wire embedded in a core of refractory driven, smooth faced top feed roll 83 mounted material. These heating elements are connected upon a shaft 85 pivoted in bearing blocks 81 slid together in pairs at one end of the roll, the ingly mounted in the inclined slots 89 formed right hand end in Fig. l, and these pairs are so in the upper marginal portion of the feed sup? connected to one another and to the three con porting plates 9!, one on each side of the ma tact rings 35 on the other end of the roll shaft, chine. These plates, as shown in Figs. 2, 3 and that through the brushes 3'! bearing on the rings 4, are of approximately trapezoidal shape and and suitable switch connections, the pairs of provided with hubs 93 forming bearings through heating units may be connected either all in which passes the bed roll shaft 62 upon which parallel to give the high heat, or with each two the supporting plates are thus pivoted. pairs of heating units in series to give the low A second positively driven feed and. guide roll heat, whichever is required in the opinion of the 35 95 is pivctally mounted in the bearing blocks operator. In order that these contact rings and 9'! positioned in vertical slots G9 at the top of the brushes may be mounted upon the free end of supporting plates, being vertically adjustable the shaft, that is, outside the bearing 9, this por therein by means of adjustment stud IUI, with tion 39 of the shaft is formed with the axial bore lock nut. This roll is provided with a series 4i, and smaller inclined passages 43 to receive of annular ribs I93, spaced from one another the the connections from the several heater elements. width of the individual belts to maintain the See Fig. 6. latter in desired spaced parallel relation. The combing devices for the roll comprises two Intermediate the top feed roll and the guide rows of steel teeth 45 ?xed in staggered relation roll is the smooth-faced take-up roll I85 idly ro in the metal plate ill secured in the slots by tated in bearings in blocks I01 which are freely means of screws 49. The combing and ironing movable vertically in the slots If!!! in thesup roll is driven by the motor 5| supported upon sub porting plates 9i. This take-up roll rests upon base 52 on the machine frame and connected the top surfaces of the feed belts 8| between the with the roll shaft through multiple grooved top feed roll and the guide roll, and by reason of pulleys 53 and 55, and the V-belts 57, as shown its weight maintains the desired belt tension. in Figs. 1 and 2. The lower legs of the feed belts, which press The feed roll 6! for supporting and presenting the skins against the bed roll, are guided and the work to the ironing roll i l is secured upon shaft supported at the point where they leave the skins 62 which is mounted in bearings 63 supported by a pressure plate ill around which the belts upon the bearing plates 65 which in turn rest pass. This plate is positioned close to the bite upon the top members i of the frame of the ma of the bed roll and the combing and ironing roll, chine. Bearings 63 and plates 65 are adjustably and turns the belts upwardly and baekwardly to secured in position by means of bolts 67 passing the guide roll 95. The plate consists of a wedge through slots 69 in the bearings and plates and shaped bar of steel extending across the face of through round holes in the top frame members, the feed roll and is secured at each end to the being screwed into the steel clamping bars 1%. supporting arms H3 pivoted on the studs H5 The abutment blocks ?H secured to the plates 65 ?xed in the supporting plates 9!. The pressure hold the bearings 63 from movement with respect plate is yieldingly held depressed by means of the thereto. By loosening the bolts Bl the plates and tension springs H1 secured at their upper ends the bearing blocks 53 supported thereon may be to downward extensions H9 of the supporting moved upon the frame members i to bring the arms H3, and at their lower ends to the pull bed roll the proper distance from the feed roll chains l2| which pass downwardly around the in accordance with the character of the work and idler pulleys I23 and thence horizontally through the degree of combing and ironing desired. the latching plates I25 to the pull rings I27, Conveniently, this adjusting movement of the thus permitting the operator to adjust the ten? bed roll is effected by means of the pair of hori sion of springs H?! which oppose the pull of the zontal shafts, l3,-with their inner threaded re feed belts 8i. Pins i291 ?xed in the supporting duced ends ?l5 passing through the internally plates 9! limit the downward movement of the threaded studs 7'! mounted in the bearing plates supporting arms and the pressure plate carried 85. Fixed bearing studs 19 in the top frame thereby. 5 v2,405,032 The purpose of the wedge-shaped plate is to 6 sprocket engages the outer face of the top leg provide a support for the feed belts as close as ofthe chain I61 driven from the bed roll shaft. possible to the point where the combing and iron The relative diameters of sprockets l1?! and I 69 ing instrumentalities operate upon the wool, thus are such that the peripheral speeds of top feed maintaining full control of the skin during the roll 83 and bed roll 6| are equal. feeding and the combing and ironing operations, The driving means for rotating the guide roll and insuring uniformly perfect results. 55 for the feed belts comprises a sprocket I19 It will be noted that the feed belts and their fixed upon the right hand of the guide roll driving, supporting, guiding and tensioning de shaft, as shown in Fig. 1, driven by the short chain vices are all carried upon the supporting plates 10 lei from the driving sprocket E83 ?xed upon the which are pivoted to turn about the axis of the right hand end of the shaft 55 of the top feed feed roll. Thus the position of all of these parts roll 33. These sprockets are of such relative sizes relative to one another remains unchanged irre that the guide roll, although of smaller diameter spective of how the plates may be adjusted angu than the feed roll, is nevertheless driven at the larly upon their pivots from time to time. Such same peripheral speed as those of the feed roll adjustment may be required for the purpose of 85, .belts 8 i, and bed roll 6|. positioning the supporting plate nearer to or fur In order to prevent the improper presentation ther from the bite of the rolls in accordance with of the Work to the combing and ironing roll by the character of the work, Such adjustments are reason of foreign material adhering to the face effected by means of the adjusting bars l3], hex 20 of the bed roll and raising the skin at that point agonal in transverse section, to receive an actu above the surface of the roll, clearing or cleaning ating wrench, the upper ends being of reduced devices for the bed roll have been provided which diameter and passing through the studs �. piv are held yieldingly against the face of the roll otally mounted in the supporting plates, and the as the latter rotates to remove any adhering reduced lower ends being threaded and passing pieces of skin or other material. This Wiper through blocks � pivotally supported on the in mechanism, shown in l and ll, comprises a ner faces of the vertical frame members 3. piece or strip of felt or other suitable material To facilitate the presentation of the skins to � extending across the width of the roll and the feed roll and feed belts by the operator, an clamped to wiper blade it?! carried on the inclined feed table 231 has been provided mount~ supporting arms i353 extending from the tubular ed upon the brackets i39 secured to the inner supporting shaft [9i pivoted on the studs 593 faces of the crcssx?member 5 of the frame. ?xed in the web of the top horizontal frame mem The bed roll 6!, the top feed and guide rolls 83 bers 5. Depending from each end of the shaft and $5, and the feed belts Si are all driven from 595 are the tension arms I95, the lower ends of the gear motor MI having a low speed driving which are attached to one of the ends of the ten sprocket M3 connected by a chain Hill with the sion springs Edi?, the other ends of the springs large sprocket lll'l ?xed upon the bed roll shaft being anchored upon the studs Hi9 ?xed in the 62. The proper tension on this chain is obtained vertical frame members 3. The tension springs by adjustment of the idler sprocket hi9 engaging thus hold the felt face of the wiper blade in close the outer face of the left hand leg of the chain, 40 yielding contact with the surface of the bed roll as shown in Fig. 3. The idler is mounted upon to remove therefrom any foreign material which the base I51, which in turn is adjustably secured might displace the skin and cause improper cornb to the right angled bracket E53 bolted to the under ing and ironing, or even damage to the skin of face of the transverse top member 5, the securing such raised portion. bolts I55 passing through holes in the idler base In the operation of the machine the operator, l?i and through the horizontal slots l5'l in the before setting the machine in motion, adjusts the bracket I53 with nuts i59 on their inner ends. controls of the heating units to cause high heat See Fig. 1. to be applied to combing and ironing roll. As soon The idler base and idler may be adjusted to give as the desired temperature of the roll is attained, the desired tension to the chain by means of the the two motors are started, the small low speed threaded abutment stud iill which passes through gear motor driving the feed roll and the belts, and a threaded opening in the boss IE3 on the bracket the large high speed motor driving the combing I53 with lock nut By ?rst loosening the lock and ironing roll. nut on the stud and the securing nuts � on bolts I55, the stud It?! may be turned in one direction The operator now puts a skin upon the feed roll table, with the wool side up, and advances it by to force the idler base and idler to the right in hand to the bed roll and then under the feed belts. Fig. 4, to tighten the chain, or the stud may be There-upon the roll and belts act positively to feed turned in the opposite direction to permit move the skin at uniform speed to the combing and ment of the parts to the left to loosen the chain ironing rolls where the combing teeth and the as required, after which the several nuts are tight 60 ironing surfaces, traveling at high speed over the ened to hold the parts securely in adjusted posi slower moving skin, comb out and iron the wool tion. fibres, not only straightening and fixing them in The top feed roll 93 is driven from the bed roll straightened condition, but also imparting a shaft 62 by means of a chain I51 driven from the pleasing lustrous ?nish thereto. For best results sprocket use ?red upon such shaft and passing 65 the skin is passed through the machine several over the idler sprocket ill pivo-tally supported on times in different directions. a bearing stud mounted in the inclined slot H3 If during the operation of the machine, due to in the left hand supporting plate, as seen in Fig. 4. slow presentation of the skins by the operator, the Loosening the clamping nut I15 permits the ad combing and ironing roll tends> to become too hot, justment of the bearing block inwardly and out 70 the operator by means of the hand coo ols, puts wardly of the slot to give the desired tension to it on low heat and continues thereafter to shift the chain. from one heat to the other as conditions may re The top feed roll 83 is driven from this chain quire. From time to time the operator may also bymeans of the sprocket ll?! ?xed upon the left change the adjustment of the presser plate, as hand end .of the shaft 8570f the feed roll, which 76 changesin thecharacter- of the Work or the de 2,405,032 7 sired treatment of the fur may require, by shift ing angularly the supporting plates which carry the feed belts unit by means of the adjusting bars. Where in the speci?cation and claims reference is made to the bite of the combing and ironing roll and of the bed roll, this is to be understood to 8 in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed 'roll for presenting the work to the combing and ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts con tacting the work on the opposite side thereof from the feed roll and cooperating with the bed roll to feed the work, supporting, guiding and tension ing devices for the belts, and means for actuating mean the point where the surfaces of these rolls are closest together. the rolls and belts. ' 8. A fur combing and ironing machine having, Having thus described. the invention, what is 10 in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed roll for presenting the work to the combing and claimed is: ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts co l. A fur combing and ironing machine having, operating with the bed roll to feed the work, sup in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed porting, guiding and tensioning devices for the roll for presenting the work to the combing and belts, means pivotally mounted coaxially with the ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts con bed roll for supporting said devices, and means tacting the work on the opposite side thereof for actuating the rolls and belts. from the bed roll and cooperating with the bed 9. A fur combing and ironing machine having, roll to feed the work, and means for actuating the in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed rolls and belts. 2. A fur combing and ironing machine having, 20 roll for presenting the work to the combing and ironing roll, said rolls being rotatably mounted in in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed normally ?xed relation to one another with their roll for presenting the work to the combing and peripheral faces closely adjacent, a plurality of ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts con spaced feed belts cooperating with the bed roll to tacting the work on the opposite side thereof from the bed roll and cooperating with the bed roll to 25 feed the work, supporting and driving rolls for the belts, a tensioning roll for the belts, a presser feed the work, and means for actuating the comb plate for supporting the belts adjacent the bite of ing and ironing roll at high linear speed and the the combing and ironing roll and of the bed roll, bed roll and the feed belts at the same low linear adjustable common supporting means for the belt speed. 3. A fur combing and ironing machine having, . in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed roll for supporting and feeding the work, said rolls being rotatably mounted in normally ?xed relation to one another with their peripheral faces closely adjacent, traveling feed belts con supporting and driving rolls, the tensioning roll and presser plate, and actuating mechanism for the combing and ironing roll, the bed roll and the feed rolls with the adjacent faces of the comb ing and ironing roll and of the feed roll moving in the same direction. 10. A fur combing and ironing machine having, tacting the work on the opposite side thereof in combination, a frame having horizontal side from the bed roll, means positioned between the members, a combing and ironing roll, a bed roll rolls and adjacent the bite thereof for support for directly supporting the work, bearings for said ing and guiding the belts, and means for actuat 40 rolls, the bearings for one of said rolls being per ing the rolls and belts. manently secured to the horizontal side members 4. A fur combing and ironing machine having, of the frame, the bearings for the other roll being in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed provided with slots, bolts passing through the roll for presenting the work to the combing and slots for securing said bearings to said horizontal ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts co operating with the bed roll to feed the Work, a (' presser plate positioned between the rolls and around which the feed belts pass for pressing the work against the bed roll, and means for actuat ing the rolls and belts. 5. A fur combing and ironing machine having, in) in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed roll for presenting the work to the combing and ironing roll, said rolls being rotatably mounted in normally ?xed relation to one another with their peripheral faces closely adjacent, a plurality of '' spaced feed belts cooperating with the bed roll to feed the work, a wedge-shaped presser plate posi tioned between the rolls adjacent the bite thereof and around which the feed belts pass, yielding side members in normally ?xed, unyielding posi tion, and adjusting screws for adjusting said slot ted bearings when the bolts are loosened to move one of said rolls toward and from the other roll. 11. A fur combing and ironing machine hav ing, in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the work, a bed roll shaft, supplementary feeding de vices pivoted coaxially with the bed roll and comprising movable means contacting the work on the opposite side from the bed roll, and con nections for actuating said means from the bed roll shaft. 12. A fur combing and ironing machine hav ing, in combination, a combing and ironing roll, supporting devices for the plate normally urging 60 a bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the work, a bed roll shaft, supplementary feeding de the plate closer to the periphery of the feed roll vices pivoted upon the bed roll shaft and com prising movable means contacting the work on actuating the said rolls. the opposite side from the bed roll, connections 6. A fur combing and ironing machine having, in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed 65 for actuating said means from the bed r011 shaft, and means for normally supporting the bed roll roll for presenting the work to the combing and in ?xed position, said means having provision for ironing roll, said rolls being rotatably mounted in adjusting the bed roll and supplementary feed normally ?xed relation to one another with their ing devices as a unit toward and from the comb peripheral faces closely adjacent, a plurality of ing and ironing roll. spaced feed belts cooperating with the bed roll to 13. A fur combing and ironing machine having, feed the work, a presser plate positioned between in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed the rolls adjacent the bite thereof, yielding piv roll for directly supporting and feeding the work, oted means for supporting the presser plate, and a shaft for the bed roll, supplementary feeding means for actuating the rolls and belts. devices pivoted coaxially with the bed roll com '7. A fur combing and ironing machine having, and nearer the bite of said roll, and means for 2,405,032 prising a plurality of feed belts contacting the opposite side of the work from the bed roll, means for supporting and driving the belts including a ?oating feed roll, a ?oating idler roll, a ?xed guide roll, and connections from the bed roll shaft for actuating the feed and guide rolls. 14. A fur combing and ironing machine hav ing, in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the work, feed belts engaging the opposite side of the Work from the bed roll, supporting and driving mechanism for the belts, means pivoted coaxially with the bed roll and carrying the belt support ing and driving mechanism, a lever pivoted on said means, a presser plate on the lever, and a tension spring connected at one end to the lever and adjustably connected at the other end to 10 ?xed, unyielding relation to one another with their peripheral faces closely adjacent, means po sitioned between said rolls and adjacent the bite thereof and cooperating with the bed roll for pre senting the work to the combing and ironing roll, and means for actuating the rolls. 18. A fur combing and ironing machine hav ing, in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the work, said rolls being rotatably mounted in nor mally ?xed, unyielding relation to one another with their peripheral faces closely adjacent, means positioned between said rolls and adjacent the bite thereof for cooperating with the bed roll for presenting the work to the combing and iron ing roll, said means being adjustably positioned with respect to the bite of said rolls, and means for actuating the rolls. 15. A fur combing and ironing machine having, 19. A fur combing and ironing machine having, in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed 20 in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a roll for directly supporting and feeding the Work, bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the a supplementary feeding unit comprising feed Work and adjustable toward and from the comb belts, feeding and guiding rolls therefor, a presser ing and ironing roll through a limited range, said plate for supporting the belts, means for support rolls being rotatably mounted in normally ?xed, ing the rolls and plate pivoted coaxially with the unyielding relation to one another with their pe bed roll, and devices for adjusting the supple ripheral faces closely adjacent, means positioned mentary feeding unit rotatably about the bed roll. between said rolls and adjacent the bite thereof 16. A fur combing and ironing machine having, and cooperating with the bed roll for presenting in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a the Work to the combing and ironing roll, and bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the 30 means for actuating said rolls. work, a supplementary feeding unit comprising 20. A fur combing and ironing machine having, side plates pivoted coaxially with the bed roll and in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed having bearing-receiving marginal slots, bearings roll for directly supporting and feeding the work, vary its tension. ' mounted in the slots, feeding and guiding and said rolls being rotatably mounted in normally idler rolls in the bearings, the Joearings for the 35 ?xed, unyielding relation to one another with feeding and idler rolls ?oating in their slots, a their peripheral faces closely adjacent, yieldingly yieldingly mounted presser plate supporting the supported means positioned between said rolls belts and carried by the side plates, and means and adjacent the bite thereof and cooperating for actuating the feeding and guiding rolls. with the bed roll for presenting the work to the 17. A fur combing and ironing machine having, 40 combing and ironing roll, and means for actuat in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed ing said rolls. roll for directly supporting and feeding the work, ROGER L. GRIFFIN. said rolls being rotatably mounted in normally NORMAN Y. MOORE.