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July 30, 1946.
R. L. GRIFFIN ET AL
2,405,032
FUR COMBING AND IRONING MACHINE
Filed ?June 26, 1945
4 Sheets-Sheet l
July 30,.1946-
2,405,032
R, L. GRIFFIN Er AL
FUR COMBING AND IRONING MACHINE
4 Sheet$~Sheet 2
Filed June 26, 1945
-J'K, $4 a ' .,
..
.
v,
/
July 30, 1946-
R. L. GRIFFIN ET AL
2,405,032
FUR COMBING AND IRONING MA镠INE
Filed June 26, 1943
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
July 30, 1946-
R. L. GRIFFIN ET AL
2,405,032
FUR COMBING AND IRONING MACHINE
Filed June 26, 1943
' 4 Sheets-Sheet 4
2,405,032
Patented July 30, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,405,032
FUR COMBING AND IRONING' MACHINE
Roger L. Griffin, Marblehead, and Norman Y.
Moore, Danvers,v Mass, assignors to A. 0.
Lawrence Leather Company, Peabody, Mass;,v a".
corporation of Maine
Application June 26, 1943, Serial No. 492,462
20 Claims.
(Cl. 69?27)
1
2
The present invention relates to machines for
operating upon the fur of skins or pelts and more
sion rolls. A pressure?plate, positioned close to
the bite of the combing and bed rolls and around
which the feed beltspass, controls the presenta
tion of the skins to the combing and ironing roll;
Driving means are provided for the two rolls,
the combing? and ironing roll being rotated at
particularly to machines designed and construct
ed especially to comb and iron the fur thereof,
such as the wool of woolskins, to straighten the
?bres and impart thereto a pleasing sheen or
lustrous appearance.
The object of the present invention is to pro
vide a machine of'the above type which shall
relatively highllinear speed, such, for example,
as three thousand feet per minute, while the bed
roll and feed belts travel at arelatively low linear
operate at high speed with improved results, 10 speed, such as eight feet per minute.
The machine is provided with conveniently
which shall have complete and positive control
placed inclined work table to facilitate the pres
of the work as it is fed and presented to the comb
entation by the operator of the skins to the feed
ing and ironing instrumentalities, and which may
devices. Also a wiper is providedfor removing
be easily and quickly adjusted by the operator to
adapt it for various types and conditions of skins 15 any foreign matter from the face of the bed roll.
The frame of the machine shown in the draw
and to regulate the effects produced.
ings is of welded channel iron construction, com
With these objects in view the present inven
prising the short horizontal top side members I
tion consistsin the devices and combinations of
supported upon the front and back vertical mem
devices hereinafter described and more particu
larly de?ned in the claims.
'
20 bers 3,? with the long front upper transverse mem
ber 5 and lower front and back transverse mem
bers ?l.
In the accompanying drawings which illustrate
a woolskin combing and ironing machine em
bodying our invention, Fig. 1 is a front elevation
Mounted in the bearings 9 supported upon the
upper side members I is the combing and ironing
with certain parts broken away for clearness of
illustration; Fig. 2 vis a side elevation of the same 25 roll ll. Preferably these are ball bearings and
one of them is. arranged for axial movement to
looking from the right of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a similar
provide for the elongation of the shaft-through?
side elevation looking from the left of Fig. 1;
expansion by heat. The roll is shown in end
Fig. 4 is a side elevation, on an enlarged scale,
elevation, incorporated in the machine, in Figs.
showing the upper portion of the machine looking
3 and 4,. and in sideelevation, apart from the
from the left of Fig. 1, with portions broken away;
machine, in Fig. 5, and in enlarged axial sec
Fig. 5 shows in elevation the combing and iron
tional view in Fig. 6. As shownin the latter
ing roll detached and before it has been provided
?gure, theroll is made up of a. series of cylin
with the heating and combing. elements; Fig. 6
drical sections or members l3, each having a cen
is a longitudinal, sectional view of the left hand
end portion of the same, on an enlarged scale; 2/0 (A tral hub l5? and .web I?! and ?xedly secured upon
the shaft Is by means of the split tapered sleeve
Fig. 7 is an end elevation of such roll looking
2!. The adjacentside faces of these sections l3
from the left of Fig. 6; Fig. 8 is a transverse sec
are formed with cooperating annular aligning
tional view on line 8?8 of Fig. 6 looking toward
shouldersandgrooves 23. Each section is also
the left in the direction of the arrows; and Fig. 9
formed with a series of circular? bores 25in four
is a fragmentary, transverse sectional View, on a
groups of three each, see Figs. 7 and 8, to receive
still larger scale, of the peripheral portion of the
the heating units, and with? three bolt holes 21
roll showing the combing devices and method of
through which are passed long bolts 28 for clamp
mounting the same on the roll.
ing these sections together.
The machine of the drawings comprises brie?y
The bores 25 and bolt holes 21 are positioned
a combing and ironing roll with the combing de
so that when the bolt holes are aligned and the
vices and the ironing faces alternately spaced
bolts inserted, the bores 25 in each section are
around the periphery of the roll. Electrical
also aligned throughout the length of the rolls.
heating devices'within the roll, with external con
By making therolls-in separate sections and-ma
trol devices, maintain the desired ironing tem
perature.
The work is presented to the combing and iron
ing'roll by means of a rotating bed roll against
50
chining each before assembling, many manufac
turing dif?culties are-avoided as, for example,
the drilling of the small bores of ?a fraction of an
inch in diameter through the long roll, which? may
rality of spaced, endless, traveling feedbelts driv
beseveral feetin length. Furthermore, there is
en and guided by suitably placed feed andteni 55 less"wastageionaccount of imperfect castings.
which the woolskins are held by means of a plu
2,405,082
?19
4
Also, more perfect balancing of the roll can be
secured, and this is of importance Where a roll
of the required size and weight is normally ro
tated at such high? speed as 1000 R. P. M.
The sections are first assembled upon the shaft,
conveniently by ?rst heating the hub of an end
section, positioning it On the shaft and forcing
members I permit rotation of the shaft 13 but
hold them from axial movement. Knurled heads
89 are provided on the ends of the shaft 13 to
rotate the latter. Thus, when the heads are
turned, the bearing plates 65 and bearings car
ried thereby will be adjusted to bring the feed
home a split taper sleeve, then adding in the same
manner one after another the intermediate sec
roll nearer to or farther from the combing and
ironing r011. When the proper adjustment has
been made, the bolts 61 will be tightened and the
tions, and ?nally the other end section. The 10 parts retained in their adjusted position.
sections are then secured together by means of
Cooperating with the bed roll to feed the skins
the clamping bolts, and the roll surface is given
to the combing and ironing roll are the feed belts
a ?nishing cut. The four longitudinal slots 29
8! arranged in a series of spaced, parallel end
are next planed in the periphery of the roll, the
less belts positively driven by a pair of feed rolls
outer corner of the following side of each slot
at the same linear speed as the periphery of the
being slightly relieved, as shOWn at 3| in Fig. 9,
bed roll, with one leg of each belt engaging the
to avoid liability of damage to the wool when the
wool face of the skin to hold the leather face of
ironing face 33 contacts the same.
the skin in close contact with the face of the
The heating units for the roll are of a well
bed roll, thus insuring a positive and uniform
known tubular type comprising an outer steel 20 feeding movement of the skin to and past the
tube of a diameter to have an easy driving fit
combing and ironing instrumentalities.
within the bores 25. Within the tubes are the
The rolls for supporting, driving, guiding and
heating elements which consist of helical coils of
tensioning the feed belts comprise a positively
resistance wire embedded in a core of refractory
driven, smooth faced top feed roll 83 mounted
material. These heating elements are connected
upon a shaft 85 pivoted in bearing blocks 81 slid
together in pairs at one end of the roll, the
ingly mounted in the inclined slots 89 formed
right hand end in Fig. l, and these pairs are so
in the upper marginal portion of the feed sup?
connected to one another and to the three con
porting plates 9!, one on each side of the ma
tact rings 35 on the other end of the roll shaft,
chine. These plates, as shown in Figs. 2, 3 and
that through the brushes 3'! bearing on the rings
4, are of approximately trapezoidal shape and
and suitable switch connections, the pairs of
provided with hubs 93 forming bearings through
heating units may be connected either all in
which passes the bed roll shaft 62 upon which
parallel to give the high heat, or with each two
the supporting plates are thus pivoted.
pairs of heating units in series to give the low
A second positively driven feed and. guide roll
heat, whichever is required in the opinion of the 35 95 is pivctally mounted in the bearing blocks
operator. In order that these contact rings and
9'! positioned in vertical slots G9 at the top of the
brushes may be mounted upon the free end of
supporting plates, being vertically adjustable
the shaft, that is, outside the bearing 9, this por
therein by means of adjustment stud IUI, with
tion 39 of the shaft is formed with the axial bore
lock nut. This roll is provided with a series
4i, and smaller inclined passages 43 to receive
of annular ribs I93, spaced from one another the
the connections from the several heater elements.
width of the individual belts to maintain the
See Fig. 6.
latter in desired spaced parallel relation.
The combing devices for the roll comprises two
Intermediate the top feed roll and the guide
rows of steel teeth 45 ?xed in staggered relation
roll is the smooth-faced take-up roll I85 idly ro
in the metal plate ill secured in the slots by
tated in bearings in blocks I01 which are freely
means of screws 49. The combing and ironing
movable vertically in the slots If!!! in thesup
roll is driven by the motor 5| supported upon sub
porting plates 9i. This take-up roll rests upon
base 52 on the machine frame and connected
the top surfaces of the feed belts 8| between the
with the roll shaft through multiple grooved
top feed roll and the guide roll, and by reason of
pulleys 53 and 55, and the V-belts 57, as shown
its weight maintains the desired belt tension.
in Figs. 1 and 2.
The lower legs of the feed belts, which press
The feed roll 6! for supporting and presenting
the skins against the bed roll, are guided and
the work to the ironing roll i l is secured upon shaft
supported at the point where they leave the skins
62 which is mounted in bearings 63 supported
by a pressure plate ill around which the belts
upon the bearing plates 65 which in turn rest
pass. This plate is positioned close to the bite
upon the top members i of the frame of the ma
of the bed roll and the combing and ironing roll,
chine. Bearings 63 and plates 65 are adjustably
and turns the belts upwardly and baekwardly to
secured in position by means of bolts 67 passing
the guide roll 95. The plate consists of a wedge
through slots 69 in the bearings and plates and
shaped bar of steel extending across the face of
through round holes in the top frame members,
the feed roll and is secured at each end to the
being screwed into the steel clamping bars 1%.
supporting arms H3 pivoted on the studs H5
The abutment blocks ?H secured to the plates 65
?xed in the supporting plates 9!. The pressure
hold the bearings 63 from movement with respect
plate is yieldingly held depressed by means of the
thereto. By loosening the bolts Bl the plates and
tension springs H1 secured at their upper ends
the bearing blocks 53 supported thereon may be
to downward extensions H9 of the supporting
moved upon the frame members i to bring the
arms H3, and at their lower ends to the pull
bed roll the proper distance from the feed roll
chains l2| which pass downwardly around the
in accordance with the character of the work and
idler pulleys I23 and thence horizontally through
the degree of combing and ironing desired.
the latching plates I25 to the pull rings I27,
Conveniently, this adjusting movement of the
thus permitting the operator to adjust the ten?
bed roll is effected by means of the pair of hori
sion of springs H?! which oppose the pull of the
zontal shafts, l3,-with their inner threaded re
feed belts 8i. Pins i291 ?xed in the supporting
duced ends ?l5 passing through the internally
plates 9! limit the downward movement of the
threaded studs 7'! mounted in the bearing plates
supporting arms and the pressure plate carried
85.
Fixed bearing studs 19 in the top frame
thereby.
5
v2,405,032
The purpose of the wedge-shaped plate is to
6
sprocket engages the outer face of the top leg
provide a support for the feed belts as close as
ofthe chain I61 driven from the bed roll shaft.
possible to the point where the combing and iron
The relative diameters of sprockets l1?! and I 69
ing instrumentalities operate upon the wool, thus
are such that the peripheral speeds of top feed
maintaining full control of the skin during the
roll 83 and bed roll 6| are equal.
feeding and the combing and ironing operations,
The driving means for rotating the guide roll
and insuring uniformly perfect results.
55 for the feed belts comprises a sprocket I19
It will be noted that the feed belts and their
fixed upon the right hand
of the guide roll
driving, supporting, guiding and tensioning de
shaft, as shown in Fig. 1, driven by the short chain
vices are all carried upon the supporting plates 10 lei from the driving sprocket E83 ?xed upon the
which are pivoted to turn about the axis of the
right hand end of the shaft 55 of the top feed
feed roll. Thus the position of all of these parts
roll 33. These sprockets are of such relative sizes
relative to one another remains unchanged irre
that the guide roll, although of smaller diameter
spective of how the plates may be adjusted angu
than the feed roll, is nevertheless driven at the
larly upon their pivots from time to time. Such
same peripheral speed as those of the feed roll
adjustment may be required for the purpose of
85, .belts 8 i, and bed roll 6|.
positioning the supporting plate nearer to or fur
In order to prevent the improper presentation
ther from the bite of the rolls in accordance with
of the Work to the combing and ironing roll by
the character of the work, Such adjustments are
reason of foreign material adhering to the face
effected by means of the adjusting bars l3], hex 20 of the bed roll and raising the skin at that point
agonal in transverse section, to receive an actu
above the surface of the roll, clearing or cleaning
ating wrench, the upper ends being of reduced
devices for the bed roll have been provided which
diameter and passing through the studs �. piv
are held yieldingly against the face of the roll
otally mounted in the supporting plates, and the
as the latter rotates to remove any adhering
reduced lower ends being threaded and passing
pieces of skin or other material. This Wiper
through blocks � pivotally supported on the in
mechanism, shown in
l and ll, comprises a
ner faces of the vertical frame members 3.
piece or strip of felt or other suitable material
To facilitate the presentation of the skins to
� extending across the width of the roll and
the feed roll and feed belts by the operator, an
clamped to
wiper blade it?! carried on the
inclined feed table 231 has been provided mount~
supporting arms i353 extending from the tubular
ed upon the brackets i39 secured to the inner
supporting shaft [9i pivoted on the studs 593
faces of the crcssx?member 5 of the frame.
?xed in the web of the top horizontal frame mem
The bed roll 6!, the top feed and guide rolls 83
bers 5. Depending from each end of the shaft
and $5, and the feed belts Si are all driven from
595 are the tension arms I95, the lower ends of
the gear motor MI having a low speed driving
which are attached to one of the ends of the ten
sprocket M3 connected by a chain Hill with the
sion springs Edi?, the other ends of the springs
large sprocket lll'l ?xed upon the bed roll shaft
being anchored upon the studs Hi9 ?xed in the
62. The proper tension on this chain is obtained
vertical frame members 3. The tension springs
by adjustment of the idler sprocket hi9 engaging
thus hold the felt face of the wiper blade in close
the outer face of the left hand leg of the chain, 40 yielding contact with the surface of the bed roll
as shown in Fig. 3. The idler is mounted upon
to remove therefrom any foreign material which
the base I51, which in turn is adjustably secured
might displace the skin and cause improper cornb
to the right angled bracket E53 bolted to the under
ing and ironing, or even damage to the skin of
face of the transverse top member 5, the securing
such raised portion.
bolts I55 passing through holes in the idler base
In the operation of the machine the operator,
l?i and through the horizontal slots l5'l in the
before setting the machine in motion, adjusts the
bracket I53 with nuts i59 on their inner ends.
controls of the heating units to cause high heat
See Fig. 1.
to be applied to combing and ironing roll. As soon
The idler base and idler may be adjusted to give
as the desired temperature of the roll is attained,
the desired tension to the chain by means of the
the two motors are started, the small low speed
threaded abutment stud iill which passes through
gear motor driving the feed roll and the belts, and
a threaded opening in the boss IE3 on the bracket
the large high speed motor driving the combing
I53 with lock nut
By ?rst loosening the lock
and ironing roll.
nut on the stud and the securing nuts � on bolts
I55, the stud It?! may be turned in one direction
The operator now puts a skin upon the feed roll
table, with the wool side up, and advances it by
to force the idler base and idler to the right in
hand to the bed roll and then under the feed belts.
Fig. 4, to tighten the chain, or the stud may be
There-upon the roll and belts act positively to feed
turned in the opposite direction to permit move
the skin at uniform speed to the combing and
ment of the parts to the left to loosen the chain
ironing rolls where the combing teeth and the
as required, after which the several nuts are tight 60 ironing surfaces, traveling at high speed over the
ened to hold the parts securely in adjusted posi
slower moving skin, comb out and iron the wool
tion.
fibres, not only straightening and fixing them in
The top feed roll 93 is driven from the bed roll
straightened condition, but also imparting a
shaft 62 by means of a chain I51 driven from the
pleasing lustrous ?nish thereto. For best results
sprocket use ?red upon such shaft and passing 65 the skin is passed through the machine several
over the idler sprocket ill pivo-tally supported on
times in different directions.
a bearing stud mounted in the inclined slot H3
If during the operation of the machine, due to
in the left hand supporting plate, as seen in Fig. 4.
slow presentation of the skins by the operator, the
Loosening the clamping nut I15 permits the ad
combing and ironing roll tends> to become too hot,
justment of the bearing block inwardly and out 70 the operator by means of the hand coo ols, puts
wardly of the slot to give the desired tension to
it on low heat and continues thereafter to shift
the chain.
from one heat to the other as conditions may re
The top feed roll 83 is driven from this chain
quire. From time to time the operator may also
bymeans of the sprocket ll?! ?xed upon the left
change the adjustment of the presser plate, as
hand end .of the shaft 8570f the feed roll, which 76 changesin thecharacter- of the Work or the de
2,405,032
7
sired treatment of the fur may require, by shift
ing angularly the supporting plates which carry
the feed belts unit by means of the adjusting
bars.
Where in the speci?cation and claims reference
is made to the bite of the combing and ironing roll
and of the bed roll, this is to be understood to
8
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
'roll for presenting the work to the combing and
ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts con
tacting the work on the opposite side thereof from
the feed roll and cooperating with the bed roll
to feed the work, supporting, guiding and tension
ing devices for the belts, and means for actuating
mean the point where the surfaces of these rolls
are closest together.
the rolls and belts.
'
8. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
Having thus described. the invention, what is 10 in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
roll for presenting the work to the combing and
claimed is:
ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts co
l. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
operating with the bed roll to feed the work, sup
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
porting, guiding and tensioning devices for the
roll for presenting the work to the combing and
belts, means pivotally mounted coaxially with the
ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts con
bed roll for supporting said devices, and means
tacting the work on the opposite side thereof
for actuating the rolls and belts.
from the bed roll and cooperating with the bed
9. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
roll to feed the work, and means for actuating the
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
rolls and belts.
2. A fur combing and ironing machine having, 20 roll for presenting the work to the combing and
ironing roll, said rolls being rotatably mounted in
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
normally ?xed relation to one another with their
roll for presenting the work to the combing and
peripheral faces closely adjacent, a plurality of
ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts con
spaced feed belts cooperating with the bed roll to
tacting the work on the opposite side thereof from
the bed roll and cooperating with the bed roll to 25 feed the work, supporting and driving rolls for
the belts, a tensioning roll for the belts, a presser
feed the work, and means for actuating the comb
plate for supporting the belts adjacent the bite of
ing and ironing roll at high linear speed and the
the combing and ironing roll and of the bed roll,
bed roll and the feed belts at the same low linear
adjustable common supporting means for the belt
speed.
3. A fur combing and ironing machine having, .
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
roll for supporting and feeding the work, said
rolls being rotatably mounted in normally ?xed
relation to one another with their peripheral
faces closely adjacent, traveling feed belts con
supporting and driving rolls, the tensioning roll
and presser plate, and actuating mechanism for
the combing and ironing roll, the bed roll and
the feed rolls with the adjacent faces of the comb
ing and ironing roll and of the feed roll moving
in the same direction.
10. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
tacting the work on the opposite side thereof
in combination, a frame having horizontal side
from the bed roll, means positioned between the
members, a combing and ironing roll, a bed roll
rolls and adjacent the bite thereof for support
for directly supporting the work, bearings for said
ing and guiding the belts, and means for actuat
40 rolls, the bearings for one of said rolls being per
ing the rolls and belts.
manently secured to the horizontal side members
4. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
of the frame, the bearings for the other roll being
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
provided with slots, bolts passing through the
roll for presenting the work to the combing and
slots for securing said bearings to said horizontal
ironing roll, a plurality of spaced feed belts co
operating with the bed roll to feed the Work, a ('
presser plate positioned between the rolls and
around which the feed belts pass for pressing the
work against the bed roll, and means for actuat
ing the rolls and belts.
5. A fur combing and ironing machine having, in)
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
roll for presenting the work to the combing and
ironing roll, said rolls being rotatably mounted in
normally ?xed relation to one another with their
peripheral faces closely adjacent, a plurality of ''
spaced feed belts cooperating with the bed roll to
feed the work, a wedge-shaped presser plate posi
tioned between the rolls adjacent the bite thereof
and around which the feed belts pass, yielding
side members in normally ?xed, unyielding posi
tion, and adjusting screws for adjusting said slot
ted bearings when the bolts are loosened to move
one of said rolls toward and from the other roll.
11. A fur combing and ironing machine hav
ing, in combination, a combing and ironing roll,
a bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the
work, a bed roll shaft, supplementary feeding de
vices pivoted coaxially with the bed roll and
comprising movable means contacting the work
on the opposite side from the bed roll, and con
nections for actuating said means from the bed
roll shaft.
12. A fur combing and ironing machine hav
ing, in combination, a combing and ironing roll,
supporting devices for the plate normally urging 60 a bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the
work, a bed roll shaft, supplementary feeding de
the plate closer to the periphery of the feed roll
vices pivoted upon the bed roll shaft and com
prising movable means contacting the work on
actuating the said rolls.
the opposite side from the bed roll, connections
6. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed 65 for actuating said means from the bed r011 shaft,
and means for normally supporting the bed roll
roll for presenting the work to the combing and
in ?xed position, said means having provision for
ironing roll, said rolls being rotatably mounted in
adjusting the bed roll and supplementary feed
normally ?xed relation to one another with their
ing devices as a unit toward and from the comb
peripheral faces closely adjacent, a plurality of
ing and ironing roll.
spaced feed belts cooperating with the bed roll to
13. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
feed the work, a presser plate positioned between
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
the rolls adjacent the bite thereof, yielding piv
roll for directly supporting and feeding the work,
oted means for supporting the presser plate, and
a shaft for the bed roll, supplementary feeding
means for actuating the rolls and belts.
devices pivoted coaxially with the bed roll com
'7. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
and nearer the bite of said roll, and means for
2,405,032
prising a plurality of feed belts contacting the
opposite side of the work from the bed roll, means
for supporting and driving the belts including a
?oating feed roll, a ?oating idler roll, a ?xed guide
roll, and connections from the bed roll shaft for
actuating the feed and guide rolls.
14. A fur combing and ironing machine hav
ing, in combination, a combing and ironing roll,
a bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the
work, feed belts engaging the opposite side of the
Work from the bed roll, supporting and driving
mechanism for the belts, means pivoted coaxially
with the bed roll and carrying the belt support
ing and driving mechanism, a lever pivoted on
said means, a presser plate on the lever, and a
tension spring connected at one end to the lever
and adjustably connected at the other end to
10
?xed, unyielding relation to one another with
their peripheral faces closely adjacent, means po
sitioned between said rolls and adjacent the bite
thereof and cooperating with the bed roll for pre
senting the work to the combing and ironing roll,
and means for actuating the rolls.
18. A fur combing and ironing machine hav
ing, in combination, a combing and ironing roll,
a bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the
work, said rolls being rotatably mounted in nor
mally ?xed, unyielding relation to one another
with their peripheral faces closely adjacent,
means positioned between said rolls and adjacent
the bite thereof for cooperating with the bed roll
for presenting the work to the combing and iron
ing roll, said means being adjustably positioned
with respect to the bite of said rolls, and means
for actuating the rolls.
15. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
19. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed 20 in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a
roll for directly supporting and feeding the Work,
bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the
a supplementary feeding unit comprising feed
Work and adjustable toward and from the comb
belts, feeding and guiding rolls therefor, a presser
ing and ironing roll through a limited range, said
plate for supporting the belts, means for support
rolls being rotatably mounted in normally ?xed,
ing the rolls and plate pivoted coaxially with the
unyielding relation to one another with their pe
bed roll, and devices for adjusting the supple
ripheral faces closely adjacent, means positioned
mentary feeding unit rotatably about the bed roll.
between said rolls and adjacent the bite thereof
16. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
and cooperating with the bed roll for presenting
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a
the Work to the combing and ironing roll, and
bed roll for directly supporting and feeding the 30 means for actuating said rolls.
work, a supplementary feeding unit comprising
20. A fur combing and ironing machine having,
side plates pivoted coaxially with the bed roll and
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
having bearing-receiving marginal slots, bearings
roll for directly supporting and feeding the work,
vary its tension.
'
mounted in the slots, feeding and guiding and
said rolls being rotatably mounted in normally
idler rolls in the bearings, the Joearings for the 35 ?xed, unyielding relation to one another with
feeding and idler rolls ?oating in their slots, a
their peripheral faces closely adjacent, yieldingly
yieldingly mounted presser plate supporting the
supported means positioned between said rolls
belts and carried by the side plates, and means
and adjacent the bite thereof and cooperating
for actuating the feeding and guiding rolls.
with the bed roll for presenting the work to the
17. A fur combing and ironing machine having, 40 combing and ironing roll, and means for actuat
in combination, a combing and ironing roll, a bed
ing said rolls.
roll for directly supporting and feeding the work,
ROGER L. GRIFFIN.
said rolls being rotatably mounted in normally
NORMAN Y. MOORE.
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