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Патент USA US2405062

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July 30, 1946.
Filed Aug. 25, 1943
Patented July 30, 1946
Robert M. Sheldon, Los Angeles, Calif.
Application August 25, 1943, Serial No. 500,021
1 Claim. (01. 267-1)
My invention relates to cable tension regula
tors for maintaining predetermined tension in
cables to compensate for changes in cable length
under temperature variation while the cables are
idle, but which are hydraulically locked out when 6
the cables are operated for setting of some con
the head l2 in which the circumferential chan
nel l6 holds packing material I ‘l for sealing against
leakage. The piston has the circumferential
channel I 8 containing suitable packing so as to
provide a seal for preventing flow of ?uid be
tween the piston and the cylinder wall.
trol element.
Extending transversely through the piston l4
My invention may be e?iciently utilized where
equidistant from the piston axis are compara
cables are comparatively long and extend
tively restricted ?ow passages 20. Adjacent to
through structures the coef?cient of expansion 19 the outer side of the piston, the piston rod I5
of which is materially different from that of
is threaded as indicated at 2! for receiving a
the cables. My invention is particularly useful
bushing 22 having the ?ange 23 at its outer end.
in aircraft structures where cables extend from
The bushing ?ange is opposite the annular groove
control devices in the cockpit through the fuse
24 in the piston and the ?ange provides abut
lage or wings to ?ying control elements to be
ment for the annular valve 25 from whose outer
end extends the ?ange 26 for receiving the bush
An important object of the invention is to pro
ing 22. The valve ?ange is opposed to the an
vide a hydraulically controlled tension regulator
nular groove 24 in the piston, and a. compression
for association with cables comprising a cylinder
spring 21 seated against the bottom of the groove
with a piston therein engaged by a spring so that
abuts at its outer end the valve ?ange 25 and
tension will be exerted on a cable to be controlled
tends to hold the valve against the bushing ?ange
associated with the end of the piston rod ex
tending from the piston, and with valving mech
anism associated with the piston structure for
23. The inner end of the valve 25 is in a di
ametral plane and is opposed to the ?ow passage
ways 20 through the piston, and when the valve
control of the ?ow from one side of the piston
is held out by the spring against the bushing
to the other.
?ange 23, the end of the valve will be away from
A further object is to provide valving mecha
the inner side of the piston to leave the com
nism controlled entirely hydraulically by the ?uid
paratively narrow restricted annular ?ow pas
within the cylinder with the operation such that,
sageway 28. When the valve is shifted against
when the cable is idle, the ?ow passageway is 30 the piston, this annular passageway 28 and the
such that the piston may move comparatively
piston passageways 20 will be closed against ?uid
slowly back and forth under varying tempera
flow, the cylinder being ?lled with ?uid, such as
ture conditions to maintain the spring tension on
the cable, but with quick closure of the ?uid
A compression spring 29 within the cylinder
passageway when the cable is suddenly operated
abuts at its inner end against the piston out
so that the piston will be hydraulically locked
side of the valve 25 and at its outer end abuts
against further outward movement after slight
the cylinder head I2, this spring tending at all
times to shift the piston and piston rod inwardly
outward movement thereof when the cable oper
ation is started.
The structure shown on the accompanying
drawing embodies the various features of my in
vention, and on the drawing:
Figure 1 is a more or less diagrammatic illus
tration of one manner of application of a ten
sion regulator for control of a cable; and
in the cylinder.
Referring to Figure 1, one manner of con
necting the tension regulator in service is more
or less diagrammatically illustrated. By its ears
I3, the cylinder is fulcrumed to a suitable ?tting
30 mounted on a stationary frame 3| which may
7 be part of an airplane framework. The piston
Figure 2 is a longitudinal diametral section of
the regulator.
rod at its outer end journals a jockey pulley 32
' Referring to Figure 2, the tension regulator
lated. The jockey pulley is located between pul
engaging a cable 33 whose tension is to be regu
comprises a cylinder body l0 having the cylin
leys 34 and 35 journaled on a stationary sup
der heads or caps H and I2 secured to the ends 50 port 36 which may be part of the airplane frame
thereof as by threading, the head H being pro
work. One end of the cable 33 may extend to
vided with ears [3 for attachment of the cylin
a control panel 31 for connection with a suit
der structure to a suitable support. Within the
able pull control 38. The other end of the cable
cylinder is the piston M from which extends the
may extend a considerable distance through the
piston rod Ii for passage at its outer end through 55 airplane fuselage or the wings for connection
with a ?ight controlling member on the airplane,
such as a rudder (not shown) .
cables in various ways. Instead of anchoring the
cylinder at one end and connecting the piston by
Cables are usually of metal such as steel, and
. where the airplane framework, through which
the cable extends, is of metal such as aluminum,
the difference in coefficients of expansion may re
sult in considerable lengthening Or shortening of
the cable during temperature variation. When
the tension regulator is installed for control of a
cable, the piston is outwardly a distance in the
cylinder, usually near the center thereof, for con
traction of the spring 29 for the desired tension
on the cable. Now, when the cable is idle. slack
ening of the cable due to temperature change will
jockey pulley with a cable as shown on Figure 1,
the regu'ator could be included directly serially
in the cable.
I have shown practical and efficient embodi
ments of the features of my invention but I do
not desire to be limited to the exact structural
arrangement and operation shown and described
as changes and modi?cations may be made with
out departing from the scope of the invention as
de?ned in the appended claim.
I claim as follows.
In an aircraft, a tension regulator for regulat
be comparatively slowly taken up by the ex— 15 ing the tension of a cable extending to a control
in the aircraft, comprising a closed hydraulic ?uid
pansion of the spring 23, and contraction of the
?lled cylinder connected with a support, a piston
cable during temperature variation will pull out
within the cylinder having a rod extending there
the piston against the resistance of the spring 29}.
from to the exterior and having engagement with
During such comparatively slow movement of the
the cable to be regulated, a compression spring
piston due to variationv in length of the cable
in the outer end of the cylinder in engagement
under temperature variation, the valve spring 2}’
will hold the valve open for exposure of the flow
with the piston tending to move said piston for
tensioning of the cable, said piston having re
passageway 28 between the valve and the piston,
and the valve flow passageways 2%. Thus upon
stricted capillary passageway therethrough for
comparatively slow outward movement of the pis
?ow of ?uid from one side of the piston to the
ton in response to cable shortening under tem
other as the piston moves in the cylinder, an outer
perature change, fluid may flow from the outer
flat face on said piston affording a solid area sur
end of the cylinder through the exposed passage
rounding the capillary passageway with a solid
ways to the inner end of the cylinder, and upon
area to a substantial extent in all directions in
retraction of the piston by the‘ spring the ?ow 30 the plane of said face, an annular valve surround
will be in the opposite direction. However, should
ing the piston rod having an inner ?at annular
thecable 33 be pulled by operation of the con
face parallel with the outer ?at face of said piston
‘such tensioning of the cable will tend to
in front of and opposing the mouth of said re
pull the piston out comparatively rapidly so that
stricted passageway through the piston, said in
he oil in the outer part of the cylinder cannot
ner ?at valve face opposing an area of said outer
quickly escape through the passageways 28 and
?at piston face several times as great as the pas
233, and oil pressure will be quickly built up in the
sageway cross-sectional area, an abutment on the
outer end of the cylinder which acts against the
piston rod fOr said valve, a valve spring normally
valve to shift it on. the bushing 22 for closure of
holding said valve against said abutment to leave
the passageways 28 and 253, and the piston ‘will 40 only a narrow ?ow restricting capillary gap be
then be substantially instantly hydraulically
tween said inner face of the valve and the piston
locked against outward movement so that the
and being spaced a substantial radial distance
control of the cable by the operator will be inde
said passageway and with substantial area
pendent of movement of the jockey pulley 32, and
e?iciefnt control of the respective ?ight control 45 of the opposed ?at faces intervening, said valve
ling structure will be assured without any ma
terial 10st motion. As soon as the operator re
spring being comparatively light in order to hold
said valve open for flow through said restricted
gap and piston passageway only during compara
tively very ‘slow movement of the piston in re
over and maintain the cable tension during tem
perature variation. Closure of the valve 25, to 50 sponse to variation in length of the cable under
temperature changes, whereby said piston may
establish the hydraulic lock when a cable is 0-p
leases the control, the tension regulator will take
erated, is automatically accomplished hydrau~
The volume of oil in the cylinder may increase
or decrease during temperature change, and the
volumetric capacity of the cylinder may increase
or decrease as the piston rod moves inwardly and
outwardly in the cylinder. I therefore preferably
provide an expansion chamber 39 which may be
located in the extension 40 on the cylinder head
Ii. The outer end of this chamber is normally
closed by a removable ?ller plug 4| and this plug
has the passageway 42 therethrough to the ex
terior. As the level of the oil in this expansion
chamber rises or falls, air may escape from the 65
chamber 39 or ?ow back thereinto.
The tension regulator can be associated ‘with
move outwardly in response to temperature con
traction of the cable and said compression spring
may move said piston inwardly in response to
temperature expansion of the cable to keep said
cable under tension, and whereby upon control
operation pull, on the cable and piston the low
rate of ?ow through said capillary gap and pas
sageway will substantially immediately cause the
pressure in the outer end of the cylinder to close
the valve by bringing said opposed ?at face areas
into abutment to seal the passageway against
?uid flow for hydraulic lock of the piston against
any material outward movement thereof while
the pull thereon is maintained.
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