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Патент USA US2405132

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Aug; 69 19460
R“ J” BFZQ'TTAIN, JR
ZAQEJSZ
RAILROAD JOURNAL BOX
Filed March 10, 1944
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
A? 8
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m! VE/VTOR ;
A? ICHAFED J @121 TM 1mm?
x7015‘ ATTO ARIA/g)’
Aug» 5, 1945»
R. J. BRITTAEN, m
52232;
RAILROAD JOURNAL BOX
Filed. Marchl?, 1944
5 sheetsfsheeis 3
Fiq.1o
HIS ATTORNEY
Patented Aug. 6, v1946
2,405,132.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,405,132
RAILROAD JOURNAL BOX
Richard J. Brittain, Jr., Bloom?eld, N. J., as
signor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit,
Mich., a corporation of Delaware
Application March 10, 1944, Serial No. 525,883
14 Claims. (Cl. 105-223)
2
This invention relates to railroad journal boxes
axle. The seat plate has its opposite ends curled
and comprises all of the features of novelty herein
down as at [8 over the rounded corners I4 of the
disclosed. An object of the invention is to pro
box to prevent the seat plate from shifting cross
vide improved means for mounting a journal box
wise of the box. To prevent shifting of the seat
in a car frame. Another object is to provide im 5 plate longitudinally of the box, it has depending
proved swing link mechanism for supporting a
lugs 20 whose inner faces diverge and are crowned
car frame on a journal box. To these ends and
vertically alongside of the ?anges on the end
also to improve generally upon devices of this
caps. Upwardly extending ?anges 22 on the seat
character, the invention consists in the various
plate form a channel in which ?ts the upper cross
matters hereinafter described and claimed. In ll member 24 of a swinging hanger or yoke which
its broader aspects, the invention is not neces—
embraces the box, the yoke being rockable with
sarlly limited to the speci?c constructions selected
the seat plate on the box, the lugs 20 limiting the
for illustrative purposes in the accompanying
rocking movement.
drawings in which
The yoke has flat side legs 26 extending down
Fig. 1 is one half a horizontal section On Fig. 2
along the sides of the box and below it, the legs
taken at axle level and one half a horizontal sec
being connected by a cross bar 28 which is spaced
tion taken above the yoke.
from the bottom of the box. The bar 28 has a
Fig. 2 is one half an end view and one half a
wavy cross section ‘with depending ?anges 30 and
vertical central section.
it is passed through similarly shaped slots in the
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the yoke and
yoke legs 26 and welded to them. Gussets 32 are
associated parts.
welded to the yoke legs and to the ?anges 30,
Fig. 4 is one half a central vertical section and
each gusset having a lug 34 bent inwardly along
the remainder a vertical section across the cush
the lower end of the corresponding leg and weld
ioned seat members, portions of the pedestal and
ed to it. Each projecting end of the bar 28 thus
of the yoke being broken away.
25 provides a wavy shelf or seat 35 having a central
Fig. 5 is a vertical section across the cushioned
seat members, portions of the pedestal being bro
ken away and the yoke being tilted.
~
Figs. 6, 7 and 8 are sectional views of modi?ca
tions of the seat members.
Fig. 9»is a perspective View similar to Fig. 3 of
a modi?ed construction.
Fig. 10 is a horizontal section of the yoke of
Fig. 9.
.
Fig. 11 is a side view of the yoke of Fig. 9.
Figs. 12 and 13 are views similar to Fig. 5
showing the yoke of Fig. 9 in two positions.
U-shaped concavity 36 and a pair of convexed
ridges 38. A compressible cushion or pad 40 con
forms to thewavy seat and supports the pedestals
44 of the side frame 42.
Each pedestal 44 is of U-sh‘aped section with
a ?at vertical web 46 alongside the adjacent yoke
leg 28. Near the bottom each pedestal has a
recess forming a horizontal web or seat 48 of
wavy section which rests on the cushion and is
a counterpart of the adjacent wavy seat 35.
Flanges 50 on the pedestals project downwardly
in clearance relation to the ?anges 30 so that
Fig. 14 is one half a horizontal section of Fig.
rocking movement between the yoke and the ped
15 taken at axle level with the other half a hori
estals is limited. A safety bolt 52 on each ped
zontal section taken above the yoke.
40 estal extends below the adjacent seat or shelf 35
Fig. 15 is one half an end view of Fig. 14 and
to prevent disengagement of the frame and the
one half a central vertical section.
'
yoke. A pair of lugs 53 on each pedestal embrace
The axle journal 2 has a pair of inner race
rings 4 clamped thereon for two rows of rollers
vertically crowned faces on the front and rear
end caps of the box to limit relative rocking
6 which run in an outer race ring Or box 8. An 45 movement between the pedestals and the box.
outer end cap l8 and an inner end cap [2 are
If the journal box and axle shift laterally of the
bolted to the box, there being a suitable seal or
side frame to a considerable extent as indicated
guard between the inner end cap and the axle.
The box is four-sided, each side being ?at along
the central portion and tapering down slightly
towards the ends as at l3, and the four corners
of the box are rounded as at I4.
A saddle or
seat plate [6 rests on the top of the box and has
limited rocking movement thereon, its under sur
in Fig. 5, the yoke will rock to an angular posi
tion out of the vertical, the yoke and its seat plate
‘I6 rocking on the top of the box and the yoke also
having a tilting movement with respect to the
pedestal seat. The pedestal will of course remain
substantially vertical. One of the convex ridges
38 of the seat 35 will rock downwardly away from
face being slightly crowned longitudinally of the 55 its corresponding concavity while the other rises,
2,405,132
3
4
thus tending to lift the side frame. The weight
will offer increasing resistance.
of the car thus resists abnormal shifting and
tends to restore the parts to central position.
When the journal box and axle have only a
slight shifting movement, the cushion will merely
remain on the channel iron which rocks thereon
to tilted position and leaves the other leg of the
become more compressed at one side than at the
other without any resulting lifting.
In the alternative form shown in Fig. 6, steel
liners 54 of wavy form are welded to the wavy
seats 35 and
so that upon
the pedestal,
rate from its
Upon ample
rocking movement of the yoke and the connected
channel, one of the legs of the angle iron will
angle iron free as indicated in Fig. 12.
Accord
ingly there is a lifting of the pedestal although
the latter remains substantially vertical.
I claim:
1. In a device of the character indicated, a
48. These conform to each other 10
journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock
any relative tilting of the yoke and
able thereon, means supported by the yoke and
one of the convex ridges will sepa
extending beyond the latter to form a supporting
concavity while a sliding and rock
seat at each side of the box, a frame having
ing movement occurs at the other side of the cen
ter so that the side frame will rise and resist the 15 pedestals embracing the legs of the yoke, each
movement, gravity thus tending to restore the
parts to normal position.
pedestal having a seat overlying the supporting
seat, one seat having a central concavity between
In Fig. 7, a pad or cushion 55- is interposed
between arcuate seats, the lower seat 35A having
having a substantially matching contour, the
a longer radius than the upper seat 48A. The
cushion is shown with no load applied. Appli
cation of the load will. compress‘ the cushion to
the greatest extent at the center with the com
and a pad of substantially uniform thickness be
tween the seats.
pression decreasing towards the ends. If the yoke
26 tilts, the connected lower seat 35A will tilt
likewise but the cushion will increasingly resist
the movement. Upon extensive tilting, one of the
ends of the arcuate seat 35A may engage the ad
jacent portion of the pedestal seat 48A and lift
the latter.
In Fig. 8, a cushion or pad 56 shown without
load applied is interposed between co-operating
seats which are composed of straight linesmerg
ing with curves. At each side of the center, the
lower seat has straight portions 51 which make a ‘
slightly smaller angle with the horizontal than
a pair of convex portions and the opposing seat
seating surfaces being substantially equidistant,
2. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock
able thereon, means supported by the yoke and
extending beyond the latter to form a sup-porting
seat at each side of the box, a frame having
pedestals embracing the legs of the yoke, each
pedestal having a seat overlying the supporting
seat, one seat having a central concavity between
a pair of convex portions and the opposing seat
having a substantially matching contour to form
a pair of fulcrums spaced apart crosswise of the
frame for the yoke to tilt upon with respect to the
pedestal.
3. In a device of the character indicated, a
the straight portions 58 of the upper seat. When
load is applied the cushion will be initially com
pressed to the greatest extent at the center. Tilt
journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock
able thereon, means supported by the yoke and
extending beyond the latter to form a supporting
open channel iron 60. This channel iron is se
cured to each yoke leg by an angle iron 62, by -
4. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box, a yoke rockable on the box and hav
ing legs at the sides of the box, a frame having
pedestals embracing the yoke, a bar of wavy sec
seat at each side of the box, a frame having
ing of the yoke 26 will be increasingly resisted A
pedestals embracing the legs of the yoke, each
by the cushion. The ?anges 50A on the pedestal
pedestal having a seat overlying the supporting
make a similar small angle with the ?anges 30A
seat, one seat having a concave rounded portion
on the yoke 26 and hence substantial tilting of
extending crosswise of the frame and the op
the yoke will compress the depending portions of
43 posing seat having a convex rounded portion
the cushion.
spaced from the concave portion, and a pad of
In Figs. 9 to 15 the yoke has been modi?ed at
substantially uniform‘ thickness between the
the sides and bottom. The yoke legs 26A are
seats.
rigidly connected at the bottom by an upwardly
rectangular plates 64 and by trapezoidal plates
66, all welded in place. The channel 60 termi
nates flush with the outer surfaces of the yoke
legs 26A and loosely supports an angle iron 63
which extends beyond the legs to form at each
end a seat for a cushion or pad. 10 on which rests
an angular web or seat 485 of the pedestal: 4e.
Each yoke leg 26A has a vertical slot 12 which
extends upwardly through the top of the leg.
Welded to the pedestals are tapering wear plates
or spacers 14 which occupy the slots. The spacers
are thicker than the yoke legs to prevent the yoke
from being pinched and thus prevented from
rocking freely between the pedestals and the box.
A lug 16 on one side of each pedestal will limit the
tion extending through and beyond the yoke legs
to from a supporting seat at each side of the box,
and each pedestal having a wavy seat overlying
the supporting seat.
5. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box, a yoke rockable on the box and hav
ing legs at the sides of the box, a frame having
pedestals embracing the yoke, each leg of the
yoke having a supporting seat projecting out
wardly therefrom to overlap the pedestal leg,
each pedestal having a similar seat overlying the
supporting seat and rockable thereon, and each
pedestal having a side lug extending inwardly
across the edge of a yoke leg and into overlap
shifting of the yoke and the box.
ping relation to an end of the box to limit shift
Fig. 13 shows the yoke in vertical position and
ing of the box and the yoke with respect to the
Fig. I2 shows the yoke in tilted position. The
pedestal.
angle iron 63 has its legs at 45° to the vertical
6. In a device of the character indicated, a
while the co~operating legs on the pedestal seat 70
journal box, a yoke rockable on the box and hav
4813 make a slightly greater angle with the verti
ing‘legs at the sides of. the box, means for rigidly
cal. Accordingly the load initially compresses the
connecting the lower portions of the legs, the
cushion to the greatest degree at the center with
lower portions of the legs having wavy seats pro
less and less compression away from the center.
Upon slight rocking of the yoke 26A, the cushion 75 jecting therefrom, a frame having pedestals em
5
2,405,132
6
bracing the yoke, and the pedestals having wavy
seats substantially matching the ?rst mentioned
seats and supported thereby.
space between the seats gradually increasing from
the middle outwards, and a pad of substantially
uniform thickness between the seats.
'7. In a device of the character indicated, a
11. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock 5 journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock
able thereon, means supported by the yoke and
able thereon, each leg of the yoke having an open_
extending beyond the latter to form a supporting
ing alongside of the box, a frame having pedes
seat at each side of the box, a frame having
tals alongside of the yoke legs, means for sup
porting the pedestals on the yoke for relative
rocking, and a spacing plate in each yoke leg
opening and interposed between the box and the
pedestals embracing the legs of the yoke, each
pedestal having a seat overlying the supporting
seat, the co-operating seats being of angle form
and spaced apart, and a pad of substantially uni
form thickness between the seats.
pedestal, the spacing plate being thicker than the
yoke leg.
8. In a device of the character indicated, a
12. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock
able thereon, means supported by the yoke and
extending beyond the latter to form a supporting
journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock
able thereon, each leg of the yoke having an elon
seat at each side of the box, a frame having ped
estals embracing the legs of the yoke, each ped
estal having a seat overlying the supporting seat,
the companion seats being of angle form, a pad
of substantially uniform thickness between the
seats, the opposing legs of the angle diverging
20
slightly as they proceed away from the apex to
apply a decreasing initial load to the pad from I
the middle outwards.
9. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box, a yoke rockable on the box and
having legs at the sides of the box, a supporting
member for rigidly connecting the lower portions of the legs, an angular member mounted on said
supporting member and projecting through and
beyond the yoke legs to form angular seats, a
frame having pedestals embracing the yoke, and
the pedestals having angular seats substantially "
matching the ?rst mentioned seats and supported
thereby?
10. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock
able thereon, means supported by the yoke and
extending beyond the latter to form a supporting
seat at each side of the box, a frame having ped
estals embracing the legs of the yoke, each ped
estal having a seat overlying the supporting seat,
the companion seats being spaced apart and ex
tending in a direction crosswise of the frame, the
gated opening alongside of the box, a frame hav
ing pedestals alongside of the yoke legs, means
for supporting the pedestals on the yoke for rela
tive rocking, a spacing plate in each elongated
opening and interposed between the box and the
pedestal, the spacing plate being narrower than
the opening, and the sides of the plate and the
sides of the opening being relatively tapered.
13. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box, a yoke embracing the box and rock
able thereon, means supported by the yoke and
extending beyond the latter to form a supporting
seat at each side of the box, a frame having ped
estals embracing the legs of the yoke, each ped
estal having a seat overlying the companion sup
porting seat, the companion seats being extended
crosswise of the frame and constructed and ar
ranged to support the yoke for tilting with respect
to the pedestal about either of two laterally spaced
fulcrums.
14. In a device of the character indicated, a
journal box having its top unobstructed, a tilt
able seat plate covering the top of the box and
having downturned portions embracing the box,
a yoke supported by the seat plate, a frame hav
ing pedestals embracing the yoke, a bar rigidly
connecting the legs of the yoke and tiltable there
with, and means providing a rocking engagement
' between the pedestals and the legs of the yoke.
RICHARD J . BRI'I'I‘AIN, JR.
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