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Патент USA US2405215

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Aug. 6,19%
w. \v.’ JACOBSON
_ 2,405,215
WINDING MACHINE
Filed March 9, 1944
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
_Aug. 6, 1946.
w. v. JACOBSON
2,405,215
WINDING MACHINE
- Filed March 9, 1944
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Aug. 6, 1946.
w. v. JACOBSON
2,405,215
WINDING MACHINE
Filed March 9, 1944
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Aug- 5, 1946- _
-w. v JACOBSON ‘
~2,4505,2355" -
WINDING MACHINE
Filed Marc? 9. 1944
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
‘
Patented Aug. 6, 1946
2,465,215
UNITED‘ STATES PATENT QFFECE
2,405,215
WINDING MACHINE
Walter V. Jacobson, Apponaug, R. I., assignor to
Universal Winding Company, Cranston, R. 1.,
a corporation of Massachusetts
Application March 9, 1944, Serial No. 525,747
21 Claims. (Cl. 242——32)
1
This invention relates to improvements in
winding machines and particularly to machines
for winding yarn into cops, pirns and bobbins for
use in the shuttles of looms or packages for other
purposes.
'
2
Fig. 4 is a sectional plan view of the rotary
spindle-carrier on line 4-4 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is a part-sectional plan view on line 5—5
of Fig. 1 showing the mounting for the stub
spindles for holding the tip ends of the yarn
carriers or wooden bobbins;
It is to be understood that the term “yarn” as
used in the present speci?cation and claims is in
Fig. 6 is a part-sectional plan view of the creel
or support for the supply packages taken on line
tended to apply to all types of attenuated mate
6-6 of Fig. 1;
rials, whether textile or otherwise, and the term
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the cam for trav
“bobbin” is employed in a broad sense to mean 10
any type of wound package.
ersing the plurality of yarns on the bobbins; ,
Fig. 8 is a more or less diagrammatic plan view
One object of the present invention is to pro
indicating the direction of rotation of the bobbins
vide a winding ‘machine of the type indicated
and the direction of their travel about the axis
which is of simple, compact construction having
relatively few moving parts.
of the machine;
Another object of the invention is to provide a '
machine of the type indicated in which the yarn
'
Fig. 9 is a similar view showing the bobbins‘
arranged to rotate in the opposite direction from
that indicated in Fig. 8 while traveling about the
axis of the'machine in the same direction; and
Fig. 10 is an enlarged schematic view showing
20
deterioration under high speed operation.
a development of the pro?le of the cam-track or
Another object of the invention is to provide a
inclined raceway for shifting the winding spin~
machine of the type indicated having means for
dles in axial direction as they travel therearound
traveling the bobbins in a closed course, winding
to advance the traverse of the yarn lengthwise
as they go, to successively bring them to a station
of the bobbins and indicating the position of one
for dotting the completed bobbins and replacing is traversed on the cops or bobbins without the
use of reciprocating elements liable to wear and
bobbin arriving at the do?ing and donning sta
them with fresh cores or yarn-carriers to com
tion where each spindle is supplied with a fresh
core or yarn-carrier.
'
Another object of the invention is to provide
In
general,
the
present
improved winding ma
a winding machine of the type indicated com 307
chine comprises a closed track, preferably of cy
prising a rotary cam acting directly on a plu
lindrical form, having an inclined raceway
rality of yarns to traverse them on the bobbins,
around which the bobbins travel, winding as they
means for traveling the bobbins in a closed course
go, with the cores or yarn-carriers mounted on
and means for progressively advancing the trav
vertical spindles which are rotated continuously
erse during the travel of the bobbins.
from the driving means of the machine. A
Another object of the invention is to provide
traverse-cam
positioned concentrically within the
a machine of the type indicated which may be
circular track or raceway and rotated continu
operated at high speed to increase its rate of pro
ously from the machine driving means is arranged
duction while at the same time requiring little
with the plurality of yarns feeding across its heli
attention on the part of the operator except to
cal face to cause the strands to be traversed to a
piece up broken ends and replace the supplies
relatively short extent. The zone of traverse is
as they become exhausted.
advanced progressively longitudinally of the bob
Further objects of the improvement are set
bins to form nested conical layers producing a
forth in the following speci?cation which de
cylindrical body of yarn with tapered or conical
scribes one preferred form of construction of 45 ‘ends. As the winding spindles travel around the
the invention, by way of example, as illustrated
inclined circular track they are lowered pro;
by the accompanying drawings. In the drawings:
gressively to cause the layers of yarn to advance
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of the com
upwardly along the cores, and eventually, as each
plete machine adapted for winding shuttle
bobbin is completed, it arrives at a station for
bobbins;
doi?ng it from its spindle and donning an empty
Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional View of
core. The donning and dof?ng operations may be
the same taken through the axis of the machine;
performed manually but, preferably, suitable
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the driving mechanism
automatically-operating means, not herein
of the machine, part-sectional on line 3--3 of
shown, are provided for this purpose.
Fig. 2;‘
‘
55
As herein shown, the machine is provided with
mence winding again.
'
2,405,215
4
3
eight winding spindles for mounting the cores or
Vvolve therewith within the track 20. The car
yarn-carriers on which the bobbins are wound,
but this number is arbitrary and a greater or
lesser number may be employed. The supply
cops or packages are arranged above the winding
spindles in two groups supported one above the
other in annular disposition about a central
rier '58 is of annular form with an inwardly
directed flange 5| at its lower end seated upon
.the upper end of the member 33 and secured
rotatively therewith by means of screws 52. The
carrier 50 is provided with a plurality of vertical
cylinders 55 arranged in circumferentially-spaced
relationship and communicating with the interior
of each cylinder is a' vertical slot 56 in its side.
“magazined” with the last delivering end from
one package united to the ?rst delivering end of 10 The hollow cylinders 55 contain piston-like ele
ments or sleeves ‘58 adapted to slide vertically
a companion supply so that the yarn will deliver
.therein. Each sleeve 58 is provided with a re
continuously ?rst from one package and then
from another and the exhausted supplies may be "duced bore at its upper end with a bushing 59
therein for rotatably supporting the upper end
replaced with full packages without arresting the
of a winding spindle ‘40. Each spindle All is pro
winding operation. The yarns from the supplies
feed through suitable tension-devices mounted? vided'with an enlarged head '4! seating upon
thereabove and thence lead through guide-eyes
the upper end of the bushing 59. A cup-like
and a guiding ring to direct them downwardly
recess or depression 42 in each head 4! is adapted
to another set of guide-eyes within the traverse-'
to receive the enlarged butt h of a wooden bobbin
cam and then laterally across its edge to the wind 20 1) for rotating the latter in the manner and for
ing bobbins.
the purpose as explained hereinafterh The lower
Referring to Figs. 1 and» 2 of the drawings,
portion of each spindle ii! is journaled in the
the present bobbin-winding machine'may com
alined bushings 33 in the bores of the ?anges
prise a hollow rectangular bed or. base 2 resting
33 and 34 of the member 35, previously referred
standard; the supply-packages preferably being
on the ?oor or upon suitable standards, not 25 to, and mounted on each spindle is a small pulley
shown, and surmounted by a hollow box-like
housing 3.’ As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the hous
ing 3 may be fastened to the top wall 4 of the
bed 2 by means of bolts 5 passing’ through ears
6 on the housing and screwed into threaded
holes in the base. The housing ‘3 encloses the
driving mechanism of the machine and is pro
vided' onyits‘side ‘with; an opening ‘I,’ see j_Fig'.j 3, .
for permitting access thereto. ‘The opening ,1
may be covered by a door 9 hinged‘ to the side i
of the housing 3, see Fig. l, and normally-held
closed by means of a hand-latch l4 engageable
with a lug l5 on the side‘lof the housing.
43 positioned between the ?anges. As shown in
Figs. 2 and 3, the spindles do are formed with
relatively long keyways 45 and the pulleys 43
have keys 44 engaging therein to rotatively con
nect them therewith while permitting the
spindles to slide vertically in their bearings.
Fastened to the side of each sleeve 58 by means
of screwstZ is a key 6.3 which projects outwardly
through the vertical slot 56 in the side of the
cylinder 55 to restrain thesleeve from rotation
while ‘permitting it to slide axially therein. A
headed stud 64 having a reduced threaded shank
screwed into a tapped hole in the'key 63 on each
A circular opening I8 is provided in the top
sleeve 58 carries a roller 55 journaled thereon
wall of the housing 3 adjacent one end thereof, 40 and arranged to rest upon and roll along the
see Fig. 2. The opening I 8 is .counterbored to
upper cam-edge of the track 20, see Figs; 2
form a circular ledge l-9 upon which is seated
the lower end of a cylindrical track or raceway
and 10.
‘
. A rod 68 attached to the key 63 on each sleeve
58 by screws 69 extends upwardly for mounting
20 formed with an upper cam-like rim, described
later in ‘detail. As shown in Fig. 2, the track 20 45 an 'arm ‘l8. As shown in Figs. 2 and 5, each
may be secured in‘ place on the casing 3 by means
arm ‘i8 is formed with a split hub ‘H which is
of ‘screws 21 ‘passing through holes in the: flange
adjustably clamped to the rod 68 by means of
surrounding the ledge I9 and ' screwed into
threaded holes in'the sides or the track. ‘
binder-screws 12.
Each arm 10. terminates in a
cylindrical boss 73 provided with a bore 11% axially
Fastened to the top wall ll of the base 2 by 50 alined with its registering spindle 40 and rotat
means of screws 24 and extending upwardly
able in the bore is a stub-spindle 15. As shown
at the left in Fig. 2, the stub-spindle 15 carries
therefrom in concentric relation to the opening
l8 in the housing 3 is a hollow column or stand
a head 16 at its lower end which is recessed to
ard 25. As shown in Fig. 2, the upper‘ portion
receive the tip end of a core or wooden bobbin
of the standard 25 is reduced in diameter to 65 1). The stub-spindle 15 normally is urged down
wardly to engage the tip end of the wooden
receive the hub 29 of a rotatable member 35,
a bushing 3! being employed in the bearing be
bobbin b in the head'l? by means of a helical
spring ‘ll surrounding the spindle with its ends
tween these parts to reduce wear. Themember
3!] is provided at its lower end with apair of
abutting the head ‘15 and the under side of the
circumferential ?anges 33 and 34 which are 60 boss 13. Downward movement of the stub
spindle ‘I5 is limited by the engagement of a
bored at spaced intervals to provide bearing
openings 35 and 36 extending in parallel relation
washer ‘l8, fastened to its upper end by a screw
to the axis of the member. The openings 35 and
‘I9, with the upper end of the boss 13. It will
be understood from the foregoing description
36 may be provided with bushings 38 for mount
ing the vertical winding spindles All of the ma 65 that the several winding cores or wooden bobbins
b are held between the heads 4! of the winding
chine, described in detail hereinafter, which are
adapted 'to rotate and slide vertically therein.
spindles 40 and the heads or cups 16 on the stub
spindles ‘l5 so that when the spindles 50 are
rotated through driving means, described later.
30 by means of screws 46 is a‘ worm-gear 41
provided with teeth on its periphery, see Figs. 70 the bobbins likewise will be rotated at relatively
Fastened to the lower flange 34 of the member
2 and 3. '
_'
;
high speed. '
_
porting the plurality of vertical winding spindles
The yarns y are supplied to the winding bob
bins from a magazine creel arranged above the
winding mechanism and supported on a skeleton
‘40, see Figs. 2 and 4, which are‘ adapted‘ to re
column or framework comprising a plurality of v
Mounted upon the upper end of the member
30 is a rotary member or carrie'r‘50 for sup
vertical rods 80 rising from the spindle-carrier
50. Mounted on the rods 80 are two circular
shelves or brackets 8| and 82, the upper one of
which is shown in plan view in Fig. 6. The bracket
BI preferably is of skeleton form having spokes
radiating from a central ring 83 for supporting
itsouter rim which is provided with a series of
supply-holders comprising disks 84 with suitable
spindles 85 rising from the axes thereof. The
fastened by screws I08 to a disk I09 fast on the
upper end of a vertical shaft I Ill. The upper end
of the cam-shaft H0 is journaled in a bearing
III mounted at the upper end of a tubular sup
port H2. The lower end of the tube H2 is ?tted
to the reduced upper terminal portion of the sta
tionary standard 25. The lower end of the cam
shaft IIO is journaled in a bearing II3 formed in
7 the top wall 4 of the base 2. The cam-shaft H0
supply-packages P may be in'the form of cross 10 projects downwardly below'the bearing H3 and
wound cones of large bulk which are seated on the
carries a stepped-face pulley II5 which is keyed
spindles 85 with their bases resting on the disks
thereto and held axially thereon by a set-screw
84. As shown in Fig. 6, the edge of the rim of
III. The shaft H0 may be driven continuously
the bracket 8| is formed with recessed guide-eyes
by a belt I I8 or by gearing connected to the main
86 for the trailing ends of the yarns from the 15 driving mechanism of the machine described
upper sets of supplies P to direct them down
hereinafter.
wardly for connection to the leading ends of the
During the winding operation the bobbins are
supply-packages P’ of the lower set.
gradually lowered with respect to the traverse
Mounted on the upper ends of the vertical rods
cam I05 so that the zone of traverse will be
80 is a circular plate 81, to which are attached a 20 shifted progressively toward the tip of the cores
plurality of tension-devices 88, equal in number
b to eventually produce bobbins B of the shape
to the number of supply-packages in each series.
shown at the left in Figs. 2 and 10. This gradual
The tension-devices 88 may be of any usual con
lowering of the bobbins is effected by revolving
struction; for example, of the grid-type as shown
the spindles 40 around the track 20 with the ro1.
in Fig. 1, and associated therewith are lower and
lers 65 on the sleeves 58 riding on its inclined
upper guides 89 and 90 for directing the yarns
raceway. Fig. 10 illustrates a development of the '
from the supplies P between the tension-grids.
track 20 and indicates the manner in which the
Supported above the plate 81 is a bracket 9| on
rollers 65 ride along its upper cam-shaped rim.
which are mounted a series of resilient arms 92
As shown in this latter view, the upper beveled
which radiate therefrom and carry pigtail or 30' edge of the track 20 is formed with a short hori
round thread-guides 93 at their ends. The guides
zontal rest I25 and a sharply-inclined portion I26
93 ‘are adapted to receive the yarns leading from
Which slopes downwardly therefrom to merge into
the tension-devices 88 to direct them downwardly
a raceway I21 of lesser inclination. The raceway
to a series of Pigtail-guides 94 projecting from
I2’! extends throughout substantially ?ve-sev
the rim of the upper bracket 8!. From the pig
‘ enths of the entire circumference of the track
tails 94 the yarns are arranged to feed down
20 and then merges into an upwardly-inclined
wardly through a gathering ring 95. The gather
portion I28 which connects with the rest I25.
ing ring 95 is mounted on the rods 80 by means
At the start of the winding operation the roller
of bosses 96 and is formed at its center with an
65 for the spindle 40 of each bobbin 1) will ride off
axial hub 91. Held in the axial hub 91 is a de 40 from the rest I 25,>travel down the sharply-in
pending vertical rod 38 mounting a hub or boss
clined portion I 26 and onto the gradually in
99 at its lower end. The hub 99 supports a series
clined raceway I21, at which point the winding
of ‘radially-projecting pigtail-guides I00 by means
is commenced. As the bobbins revolvein a path
of which the yarns y are adapted to be guided to
concentric to the axis of the cam-shaft IIO the
the spindles 40 to /wind'on the cores or wooden
roller 65 on the sleeve 58 carrying the spindle 40
bobbins b. The supply-packages P’ of the lower
for each bobbinwill ride downwardly along the
series are mounted on supply-holders similar to
raceway I21 of the track 20 to cause the bobbin
those previously described carried onthe bracket
to be gradually lowered whereby to advance the
82 and the leading'ends of the yarns y’ there
zone oftraverse of the yarn upward on the core b.
from are fastened to the trailing ends 11 from the
The driving mechanism for the machine is en
packages P of the upper set so that the yarns may
closed in the housing 3 and may comprise a
deliver continuously ?rst from the upper sup
prime-mover such as a reversible electric motor
plies and then from the lower supplies, and vice
I30 shown at the right in Figs. 2 and 3. A pulley
versa, while exhausted supplies are being replaced
I3I on the shaft of the motor I30 may be con
by full packages. The complete assembly of the
nected to drive a vertical countershaft I22 by
creel and yarn-guiding means described above is
means of a belt I33 passing over a pulley I34 on
thus carried on the column comprising the rods
the countershaft. The countershaft I22 is jour
00 which are supported from the spindle-carrier
naled in a lower bearing I35 formed in the top
50 to rotate therewith as the winding bobbins b
wall 4 of the base 2 with its upper end supported
travel around the trackway 20.
60 in a bearing I36 projecting laterally from a stand
In winding ?lling bobbins for use in the shut
ard or bracket I31 bolted to the base of the ma
tles of looms and for some other kinds of pack
chine at I38. The countershaft I22 is connected
ages, the yarn is distributed on the cores or yarn
to drive the rotary spindle-carrier 50 through a
carriers with a relatively short traverse and the
zone of traverse advanced progressively from the
base to the tip end of each core. In the present
machine the yarn is distributed on the core or
wooden bobbin b with an extent of traverse con
siderably less than the length of the bobbin by
means of a rotary cam I05, shown in detail in
Fig. '7. The cam I05 is of dish-shape as con
stituted by a circular bottom wall I06 and a cy-'
lindrical rim I01, the upper edge of which is of
helical contour'or pro?le. As shown in Fig, 2,
the bottom wall I 05 of the traverse-cam I05 is
train of gearing driven from a worm I39 keyed
to the countershaft. The train ' of gearing is
mounted on a bracket or standard I40 bolted to
the top of the base 2 and carrying suitable bear
ings for the shafts of the gears. ‘The worm I39
meshes with a gear I4I carrying a pinion I42 fast
on its shaft I43 and meshing with a larger gear
I44 fast on a shaft I45. The shaft I45 carries a
pinion I 46 meshing with a larger gear I 41 fast
on a shaft I48. Keyed to the shaft I48 is a gear
I49 meshing with a larger gear I50 fast on a shaft
I5I.' The shaft I5I carries a pinion I53 mesh
2,405,215
8
7
ing with a gear I54 fast on a shaft I55.
ing spindles All and the cores I) mounted thereon
The
gear I54 drives through a pair of change-gears
I55 or I51, the shafts of which are mounted in
an adjustable bracket I58 pivoted to rock about
the shaft I55. The gear I55 is mounted fast on
a shaft I69 iournaled in the bracket I58 and
carrying a worm I62. The worm IE2 is adapted
to mesh with the worm-wheel 41, previously de
scribed as being fastened to the member 35 which
mounts the spindle-carrier 50 for rotation there 10
with.
l
around its circumference, the cam'being driven
by its shaft H5 carrying the stepped pulley II5
previously referred to. The pulley H5 is con
nected by the belt II8 to a smaller pulley I69 on
the lower end of the countershaft I22, this latter
pulley having stepped faces arranged opposite to
the stepped faces on the pulley H5 so that by
shifting the belt II8 thereon the speed of rota
tion of the cam I05 may be varied to alter the
character of the wind in accordance with differ
ent materials being wound. A forked belt-shipper
I80 within the con?nes of the bed 2, see Fig. 1, is
The change gear I51, previously ' mentioned,
has its stud-shaft I63 rotatably mounted in the
pivoted to its forward side by means of a rod or
bracket I58 and fast on the inner end of the shaft
is a worm IE4. The shaft I55 is adjustably 15 shaft IBI. A handle I82 on the outer end of the
shaft I8I provides a convenient means for rock
mounted in an arcuate slot I 65 provided in the
ing the belt-shipper to shift the belt II8 on the
upper end of the standard MI) in concentric re
pulleys I I5 and IE3.
'
lation to the axis of the shaft I5I. The bracket
The complete bobbin-winding machine having
I58 is also provided with an arcuate slot I55 con
centric to the axis of the shaft I55. A bolt I51 20 been described in detail its method of operation
is as next explained: In preparing the machine
extends through both slots I65 and I 65 and a nut
for operation several determining factors are first
I58 screwed onto the threaded end of the bolt is
ascertained and the operating elements adjusted
adapted to clamp the bracket I58 in different po
in accordance with requirements. For example,
sitions of adjustment, see Figs. 2 and 3. With the
bracket I55 in the position illustrated in Fig. '2, 25 the required number of turns or coils of yarn
to be deposited on the bobbins during each trav
the gear I51 rotates as an idler during the drive
erse stroke is determined. In the present ma—
through the gear I55 and worm I62 to the worm
chine ‘the speed of the spindles is constant and
wheel 41. In other instances, however, the gear
therefore to secure the correct ratio between the
I51 maybe shifted into position to adapt the
worm I64 fast on its shaft I63 to drive the worm 30 rotative speed of the bobbins and the traversing
rate of the yarn to produce bobbins having a
wheel 51, whereupon the worm I52 will be disen
de?nite character of wind, the belt II 8 for drivé
gaged from the worm-wheel 41. To effect this
ing the traverse-cam I85 may be shifted on the
change in the drive the nut I68 on the bolt IE1
stepped faces of the pulleys H5 and I65. in ac
is loosened and the bracket I58 moved toward the
cordance with requirements. Assuming that it
right, as viewedein Fig. 2,'with the shaft I55 slid
is required to deposit seven coils or turns of yarn
ing in the slot I65 in the standard I50. The
on each ‘bobbin during each traverse stroke in
bracket I58 then may be rocked‘upwardly to carry
either direction, the belt I I8 is positioned to pass
the worm I64 into alinement with the worm-wheel
around the pulleys H5 and I 69 in the manner
' 51, after which the bracket may be shifted toward 40 shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings to provide a
the left to engage the worm with the teeth on the
fourteen-to-one ratio between the rotative speed
worm-wheel. With the worm I55 engaged with
of the spindle 40 and the speed of the traverse
the worm-wheel 131 the nut IE8 is tightened on
cam I55. With this latter arrangement the bob
the bolt I51 to clamp the bracket I58 in its ad
bins will be wound with what is termed a “seven
justed position. In this latter position of adjust 45 Wind.” For producing bobbins having a “five
ment the worm-wheel 41 may be rotated from the
wind,” as is sometimes desirable, the ratio be
worm I65 in the same direction as that in which it
tween the rotative speed of the bobbin-spindles
is driven by the worm I62 when the direction of
40 and the traverse-cam I55 should be ten-to-one
rotation of the countershaft is reversed by re
and to obtain this relationship the belt H8 may
versing the motor I313. The purpose of this ar 50 be shifted onto the opposite faces of the pulleys
rangement is to provide that the spindle-carrier
H5 and I69.
50 will always turn in the same direction even
Another factor to be considered in preparing
though the winding spindles are driven in reverse
the machine for operation is whether the bobbins
direction in some instances for the purpose here
inafter explained.
As the spindle-carrier ‘55 is rotated to revolve
the bobbins about its axis, thereby traveling them
are to be wound with a regular or reverse wind
55 in accordance with the type of twist in the yarn.
For producing bobbins with a regular wind they
are rotated in clockwise direction so that when
the yarn is subsequently drawn off over the end
tated by means of the pulleys 5-3 keyed to their
it will unwind in clockwise direction. On the
lower ends. The pulleys 43 are rotated by means 60 other hand, it is sometimes desirable to produce a
of an endless belt I10 encircling the series and
reverse wind by rotating the bobbins in counter
driven by a ?anged pulley I1I at the upper end
clockwise direction to provide that when the yarn
of the countershaft I22, see Figs. 2 and 3. The
is drawn off over the end it will unwind in coun
belt I 15 is maintained under tension by means of
terclockwise direction. With a standard three
an idler pulley I13 journaled at the end of an arm 65 phase A. C. motor of squirrel-cage type a switch
I14 fastened to the upper end of a bushing I15
in its circuit may be used to control the direction
around the trackway 2B, the spindles III! are ro
surrounding the countershaft I22 and projecting
of rotation of its armature whereby to adjust
upwardly from the bearing I36 on the standard
the machine for producing either regular or re
verse-wound bobbins. For the purpose of illus
tration let it be assumed that a regular wind is
desired and that the armature of the motor I30
is rotated in counterclockwise direction as viewed
in Fig. 2, to cause the spindles 48 to rotate in
clockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 8.
I31. The arm I14 has a split hub I15 surround
ing the bushing I15 with a binder-screw I11
therein for clamping the arm in position to main
tain the idler pulley I13 pressing against the slack
side of the belt I10.
The traverse-cam I05 is rotated at a relatively
fast rate of speed during the travel of the wind
With the armature-shaft of the electric motor
2,405,215 7
9..
10
I30 rotating in counterclockwise direction and
05 will ride down the gradual slope of the race
way I2'I on the track 20 whereby to continuously
lower the bobbins with respect to the traverse
cam I05. Due to this progressive displacement of
with the worm I62 in mesh with the worm-wheel
41 on the spindle-carrier 50 the latter will be
rotated in counterclockwise direction as viewed
in Fig. 3 whereby to slowly travel the spindles
40 in an annular course with their rollers 65 roll-}
ing on the upper face of the stationarytrack 20.
At the start of a winding operation the cores or
the cores 1) with respect to the traverse-cam I05
the zone of traverse, indicated by dash-lines in
Fig. 10, will be advanced lengthwise of the cores
0 from‘ their heads h toward their tip-ends to
eventually fol‘m'?lling bobbins B such as that
wooden bobbins b are applied to-the spindles 40
and the yarn-strands y attached thereto as they 10 shown at the extreme left in Fig. 10.
arrive at the donning station in regular sequence.
As the winding on each bobbin is completed
The motor I30 drives the countershaft I22 and
during its travel from the position indicated at
through the connections described above _-the
spindles 40 will be rotated on their own axes at
relatively high speed and revolved at a slow rate
about the axis of the track 20 whilethe traverse
cam I05 is rotated ata speed in proper ratio with
that of the spindles. Assuming that an empty
.U tothat represented at E the bobbin is returned
to the do?lng and donning station to arrive at
station C. During the advance of each ?nished
bobbin B from position E to position C its spindle
40 will be elevated as the roller 65 on its bearing .
sleeve 58 rides up the sharply-inclined return
spindle 40 has reached the position shown»v at F
portion I28 of the trackway 20. _ Duringthis up
in Fig. 10 with its roller traveling up the-sharp 20 ward movement of the spindle 40 as indicated at
incline I28 and onto the elevated rest I25 of the‘
F in Fig. 10 its pulley 43 will be withdrawn later
track 20, the operator may thread the appro-L
ally from contact with the driving belt We, as
priate yarn-strand 3/ through the proper pigtailf
shown in Figs. 25 and ,8, to arrest the rotation of
guide I00 and place it across the head M of this
the spindle and bobbin and thereby discontinue
spindle. The head’ 11, of a. bare bobbin-core 1) 25 the winding on this bobbin.
7
next may be placed in the recess 42 of the spindle;
As the roller 65 for each spindle 40 rides up
head Ill to clamp the yarn between it and the
onto the rest I25 the operator may sever the
length of yarn leading to the bobbin, doif the
head while the tip of the core is inserted in the
recess in the head 70 of the stub-spindle 75 :as
11111 bobbin 5 from the spindle and replace‘ it
shown at the right in Fig. 2 and indicated at C 80 with an empty core '0 while at the same time
in Fig. 10. During this donning operation the
clamping the end of the yarn from the supply
spindle 40 will have been elevated by the engage
between the head h. of the fresh core and the
ment of the roller 65 on the bearing sleeve 53
head In on the spindle to prepare this particu»
with the high point or rest I25 of the track 20
iar spindle forranother winding operation. it
and thus the yarn leading from the guide 10b to 35. Will be observedirom the above explanation that
the head h of the bobbin will be restrained from
the present bobbinewinding machine operates
contact with the edge of the rotating traverse
continuously to travel the bobbins in an an
cam I05. Referring to Fig. 8, during the short
nularcourse during the winding operation and
interval ‘that the spindle 00 is elevatedtoward
to advance them individually into position for
the rest I25 on the track 20 it is displaced away 40 coiling and replacement by fresh cores 0. 'While
from the driving belt I10 and therefore will not
for the purpose of the present disclosure the doi
be rotated therebyl As the spindle-carrier 50
rlng and, donning operations have been explained
continues'to rotate slowly in counterclockwise
as being performed manually, it is contemplated
direction, as viewed in Fig. 8, to convey the core b
that automatically-operated means be provided
to the-station represented by the reference char 45 for effecting these functions; but ‘since such
acter D in Figs. 8 and 10 the roller 65 will travel
mechanism forms no part of the present'invenn
down the inclined portion I26 of the track 20
tion it is not herein shown or described.
I and onto the less inclined raceway I21 thereof.
During the winding operation the central col
As the core I) approaches the position indicated
umn or standard comprising the vertical rods 80
at D in Fig. 10 the pulley 43 at the lower end 50 is rotated slowly with the spindle-carrier 50 to
of the spindle 40 will be carried into the path
which the rods are attached so that the supply
of the driving belt I10 to be engaged and rotated packages P mounted. at the upper end of the
thereby. As the spindle 40 and core b mounted
column will revolvetherewith. 7 When they sup
thereon are rotated the yarn y will be caused
ply of .yarn in?one package P, is exhausted the
to wind on the core and since the yarn feeds 55 connected strand ‘delivering from anew pack
across the edge of the rotating traverse-cam I05 ~ age arranged below. or above as the vcase may
it will be traversed back andforth lengthwise of
be,.‘will feed downwardly‘ to the bobbin B being
the core with an extent of traverse equal to the
rise and fall of the cam-face.
'
a
,
wound. A fresh supply-package P then may be
substituted. for the empty cone-tube or other
During the travel of the ?rst bobbin from the 60 yarn-carrier and the leading end of its strand
tied to the trailing end of the yarn in the pack
winding position represented at D in Figs. 8 and
age from which the yarn is delivering. In this
donning position indicated'at C to‘the initial
10 another spindle,“ will have been advanced
to the station C to receive a bare bobbin-core b.
manner the supply'of yarn is maintained contin
uous with the result that the winding operation
This core b is applied between the heads Ill and 65 may proceed without interruption.
‘I6 0f the spindle 40 and stub-spindle "I5, respec
When it is desired to produce bobbins having
tively, and another yam-strand 11/ attached there
to in the manner explained above in connection
with the ?rst bobbin considered.
-
-
As the winding operation progresses, the oper
ator of themachine may continueto1 place empty
a reverse wind, so-called, the direction of rota
tion of the spindles 40 is reversed to cause them
to turn in counter-clockwise direction as indicat
ed in Fig. 9. To effect this change in direction
of rotation of the spindles 40 the direction of
cores 1) on the successive winding spindles 40 as
rotation of the countershaft VI‘Z2 is reversed.
the latter arrive at the station C. During the
That is to say, the countershaft I22 and pulley
travel of each spindle 40 from the {position indi-I
III will be driven in counterclockwise direction,
cated at D to that represented at E their rollers. 75 asjviewed in ‘Fig. 3, to cause the belt I70 to travel
angina“
11
12
in the direction indicated by the arrows in Fig.
9. To e?ect this reverse rotation of the spindles
49 the switch of the electric-motor l-3il may be
shifted to reverse the direction of rotation of its
armature shaft and pulley 13!. Referring to
Fig. 9, when the bobbins b are rotated in coun~
terclockwise direction the yarn-strands will be
a preferred form of construction, by way of ex'-‘
ample, it is to be understood that various modi
?cations may be made in the structure and ar
rangement ofits parts without departing from
the spirit or scope of the invention. Therefore,
without limiting myself in this respect, I- claim:
a 1. ‘In a winding machine, means for supporting
textile cores arranged in a circle, means for
rotating said cores, a rotary cam having a helical
draw off over the ends thereof in counterclock
wise direction as is ‘sometimes desired. This is 10 face, means for rotating said cam, means for
feeding a plurality of yarns across the helical face
especially desirable when certain kinds of yarns
of the cam to ‘cause it .to traverse the yarns
are to be used for Weaving since it is possible to
lengthwise of the cores to wind cops or bobbins
obtain a'more uniform tension with less kinking
thereon, means for traveling the cores circum
ofthe yarn as thelatter delivers from the shuttle.
wound thereon in the same direction so as to
Regardless of the direction of rotation of the
spindles t9 during the winding operation, the’
spindle-carrier 55 must always rotate in coun
terclockwise direction, as viewed in Fig. 4, to in
sure thatthe rollers 65 will travel in the proper
directionon the track 20. When'the direction
of rotation of the countershaft is to be reversed
the nut £58 on'the bolt It‘! is loosened and the
ferentially of the cam, and means operative dur
ing the travel of the cores for effecting relative
axial displacement between the cores and cam to
progressively advance the zone of‘ traverse longi
tudinally of the cores.
2.~In a winding machine, a plurality of wind
20
ing spindles supported in annular arrangement,
a cylindrical cam having a helical face, means
for rotating the winding spindles, means for ro
tating the cam, means for guiding a plurality of
bracket - £53 rocked about the shafts l5! and
I55 to mesh the worm’ 164 with theworm-wheel
41 on the spindle-carrier 59, after which the nut
is tightened to hold the bracket in adjusted posi
' yarn-strands across the helical face of the cam
to the winding spindles to cause the yarn to be
traversed longitudinally thereof to wind cops or
tion. > With the various parts adjusted in this
manner the gear I756 will be driven in the oppo
bobbins-thereon, means for traveling the spindles
site direction from that ?rst described to drive
its companion gear [51 in reversedirection and
turn the worm I64 to rotate the carrier 50 in
counterclockwise direction’ to effect proper co.
operation between the rollers 65 and track 20.
circumferentially of the cam, and means oper
ated thereby for effecting relative displacement
between the spindles and cam axially of the
spindles during their travel around the cam.
3. In a winding machine, a cylindrical traverse
Referringto Fig. 10, the sloping raceway I21
cam having a helical face, a plurality of winding
of the track 20 maybe formed with a pro?le. of 35 spindles arranged concentrically of said cam,
greater or lesser inclination for different. lengths
means for rotating the cam,wmeans for rotating
of bobbins or its cam-face maybe variedin other
the winding spindles, means for guiding a plu
ways as required for different types of packages,
rality of yarn-strands across the helical face of
all within the scope and purview of the present.
the cam to the several winding spindles to cause
invention. For example, to wind» bobbins having 40 the yarn to be traversed longitudinally thereof,
parallel-sided cylindrical .body portions .on ta-V
and auxiliary cam-operated means for effecting
pered cores it is- necessary to .gradually'increase
relative displacement between the traverse-cam
the amount of yarndeposited on the bobbin from
and spindles axially thereof to progressively ad
start to finish of the winding operation. To pro
. vance the traverse of the yarn-strands length
duce this latter form of winding the cam-shaped 45 wise of the spindles to wind ?lling bobbins there
upper edge ofthe- trackway I21 may have less
inclination throughout the- greater portion of its.
4. In a winding machine, a rotary cam having
length so that as the rollers 65 travel from sta
a helical face, a plurality of winding spindles
tion D to station E the rate of descent of "the
supported in annular arrangement surrounding
bobbins will be progressively lessened throughout
said cam, means for guiding a plurality of yarn
the winding operation.
I
strands to the interior of the cam and directing
It will be observed-from. the foregoing specifl-_
them across the helical face thereof to feed to
cation that the present inventionprovides a bob
the winding spindles, means for rotating the
On_
bin-windingmaohine which is ofrsimple, compact
construction While being highlyefflcient. inop- '
oration. It also will beobserved that inv the
,
.
.
.
.
.
H
spindles, means for rotating the cam to traverse
the yarn axially of the spindles to wind cops or
packages thereon, means for. circulating the’
present machine comprising a plurality of wind
winding spindles in a closed course, and means
ing spindles arranged to travel about the cen
for effecting a relative axial displacement be
trally-located cam, common to all the spindles,
tween the spindles and cam‘ to advance the trav
the traversing means is reduced to utmost sim 60 erse of the yarn lengthwise of the spindles.
plicity, thereby eliminating the. usual reciprocat
5. In a winding machine, a rotary cam having
ing yarn-guides and other parts. liable to. wear
a helical face, a plurality of winding spindles for
and deterioration in use. It will be observed fur
mounting textile cores, means for supporting the
ther that the meansfor advancingthe traverse
spindles‘ in annular arrangement surrounding
of the yarn lengthwise of the bobbins is common 65 said cam, means for traveling the spindles cir
to all of the several winding spindles and avoids
cumferentially of the cam, means for guiding a
plurality of yarn-strands across the helical face
the use of screw-threaded progression wheels,
ratchet-devices and other complicated mecha
of the cam to cause them to feed to the cores,
means for rotating the spindles to wind the yarn
nisms. Thus, the present improved machine
provides for winding a plurality of bobbins con 70 on the cores, and means for rotating the cam to
cause it to traverse the yarn-strands'lengthwise
tinuously at high speed by the use of extremely
simple mechanism while requiring little attention
of the cores mounted on the spindles.
I
on the-part of the operator.
7
While I have shown and described thev im
proved bobbin-winding machine as embodied
6. In a winding machine, an inclined track, a
plurality of winding spindles arranged adjacent
75 the track and provided with means engaging
2,405,215
"
l3;
i4‘
therewith, means for rotating the spindles, a sin—
gle means for traversing yarn on the plurality
of spindles, and means for effecting relative ad
vancing movement between the spindles and track
erse of the yarn lengthwise‘ of the spindles
throughout the winding operation.
vided with an inclined raceway, a plurality of
to advance the zone of traverse of the yarn
' 13. In a winding machine, a stationary circular
track provided with an inclined raceway, a rotary
to cause the zone of traverse to be shifted length
carrier arranged coaxially of the track, a plu-'
wise of the spindles.
.
rality of winding spindles supported on the car
7. In a winding machine, a circular track pro
rier annularly of the track and‘ provided with
vided with an inclined raceway, a plurality of
means engaging its raceway, means for rotating
winding spindles arranged concentrically of the
the spindles, a rotary cam disposed within the
track and provided with means engaging the race 10 track and formed with a helical rim, means for
way, means for rotating the spindles, means for
guiding a plurality of yarn-strands to the inte
traversing yarn on the spindles, and means for
rior of the cam and across its helical rim to feed
effecting relative revolution between the track
to the winding spindles, means for rotating the
and spindles to cause the latter to be shifted
cam to traverse the yarn axially of the spindles,
axially to advance the zone of traverse of the yarn
and
means for rotating the carrier to travel the
lengthwise of the spindles,
spindles around the inclined raceway of the track
8. In a winding machine, a circular track pro
whereby to cause the spindles to be shifted axially
winding spindles arranged concentrically of the
lengthwise thereof throughout the winding oper
track, means for rotating the spindles, means for 20 ation.
traveling the spindles around the track, means
14. In a winding machine, a hollow cylindrical
for traversing yarn-strands on the spindles, and
track provided with‘ an inclined raceway, a rotary
means connected with said spindles and engaging
carrier arranged coaxially of the track and
the inclined raceway on the track for axially mOV
formed with a plurality of openings extending
ing the spindles during their travel therearound. 25 in parallel relation to its axis, a sleeve slidable
to cause the zone of traverse to be shifted axially
in each opening, a winding spindle journaled in
of the spindles.
each sleeve, means for rotating the carrier to
9. In a winding machine, a stationary inclined
travel the spindles around the track, a cam dis
track, a plurality of winding spindles arranged
posed within the track and formed with a helical
adjacent the track, means for rotating the spin
rim, means for. guiding a plurality of yarn- ,
dles, means for traversing yarn on the spindles,
strands'to the interior of the cam and across its
means for traveling the spindles relatively of the
helical rim to feed them to the spindles, means
track, and means on the spindles engaging the
for rotating the spindles, means for rotating the
track for effecting gradual axial movement of the
cam to traverse the yarn axially of the spindles,
spindles whereby to progressively advance the’
and rollers on each bearing sleeve travelable on
zone of traverse lengthwise of the spindles.
10. In a winding machine, a circular track pro
vided with an inclined raceway, a plurality of
the inclined raceway of the track to gradually
shift the sleeves and spindles axially to advance
Winding spindles arranged concentrically of the
the" spindles.
the‘ zone of traverse of the yarn lengthwise of
track and provided with means engaging the race 40
15. In a bobbin-winding machine, a circular
way, a single traversing element for distributing
track provided with an inclined raceway, a car
yarn on the several winding spindles, and means
rier arranged coaxially of the track, a plurality
for effecting relative progression between the
of spindle-carrying members slidably mounted
track and spindles to cause the latter to be shifted
on the carrier, a winding spindle rotatable on
axially to advance the zone of traverse of the yarn ‘
lengthwise of the spindles throughout the winding
operation.
11. In a winding machine, a circular track pro
vided with an inclined raceway, a plurality of
winding spindles arranged concentrically of the
track and provided with means engaging its race
way, a rotary traverse cam arranged concentri
cally of the track and adapted to simultaneously
distribute a plurality of yarn-strands on the indi
vidual winding spindles, and means for effecting
relative progression between the track and spin
dles to cause the latter to be shifted axially to
advance the zone of traverse of the yarn length
wise of the spindles throughout the winding oper
ation.
-
12. In a winding machine, a circular track pro
vided with an inclined raceway, a plurality of
winding spindles supported in annular arrange
ment adjacent the track and provided with means
engaging its raceway, means for rotating the
spindles, a rotary cam arranged coaxially of the
track and provided with a helical rim, means for
guiding a plurality of yarn-strands to the interior
of the cam and directing them across the helical
rim thereof to feed to the winding spindles, means
for rotating the cam to cause its helical rim to
each member and adapted to mount a bobbin, a
rotary cam disposed within the track and pro
vided with a helical‘ rim, means for guiding a
plurality of yarn-strands to the interior of the
cam and across its rim to feed them to the bob
bins, means for rotating the spindles, means for
rotating the cam to traverse the strands on the
bobbins to an extent substantially less than the
length of the bobbins, means for rotating the
carrier to travel. the bobbins around the track,
and rollers on the spindle-carrying members
travelable along the inclined raceway of the
track to gradually shift the spindles axially rela
tively of the traverse-cam whereby to progres
sively advance the zone of traverse of the yarn
60 lengthwise of the spindles to produce ?lling
wound bobbins.
16. In a bobbin-winding machine, a plurality
of winding spindles supported in annular ar
rangement, means for rotating the spindles,
means for simultaneously traversing yarn
strands lengthwise of the spindles to wind bob
bins thereon, means‘for traveling the spindles
in a closed course, and means for progressively
shifting the spindles axially during their travel
ing movement to advance the zone of traverse
of the yarn-strands lengthwise of the bobbins.
17. In a bobbin-winding machine, a plurality
and means for eifecting relative progression be
of winding spindles‘ supported in annular ar
tween the track and spindles to cause the latter
rangement, means for rotating the spindles to
to be shifted axially to advance the zone of trav 75 wind bobbins thereon, a cam for simultaneously
traverse the yarn-strands axially of the spindles,
21,405,215
traversing yarn-strands lengthwise of the spin
dles with an extent of traverse substantially less
than the length of the bobbins, means for trav
eling the spindles in a closed course, and means
for progressively shifting the spindles axially
during their traveling movement to advance the
zone of traverse of the yarn-strands lengthwise
of the bobbins.
lowered axially during the travel of ‘the rollers
along the downwardly-sloping raceway to ‘ad
Vance the'zone of traverse of the strands length
wise of the bobbins and said spindles being ele
vated during the travel of the rollers along the
upwardly-inclined raceway.
'
20. A bobbin-Winding machine comprising a
circular track formed with a downwardly-slop
ing raceway and an upwardly-inclined raceway,
18. In a bobbin-winding machine, a circular
track provided with a downwardly-sloping race lo a rotary carrier, a plurality of Winding spindles
arranged annularly of the carrier for vertical
way, an upwardly-inclined raceway and a hori
zontal rest therebetween, a plurality of winding
spindles arranged annularly of the track and
adapted to support bobbin-cores, means for ro
tating the spindles, a traverse-cam within the
track for simultaneously traversing a plurality
of yarn-strands on certain of said bobbin-cores,
means for rotating the cam, means for traveling
the spindles around the track, rollers connected
to the spindles and travelable along the track, _
sliding movement thereon, said spindles being
adapted ‘to support bobbins, a cam within the
track for traversing yarn-strands on the bobbins,
. means for rotating the traverse-cam, means for
rotating the spindle-carrier, rollers on the spin~
dles engageable with the track for progressively
shifting the spindles‘axially during the travel
of their rollers along the downwardly-sloping
raceway to advance the zone of traverse length
wise ’of the bobbins and acting to elevate the
spindles during the travel of the rollers along
as their rollers ride along the downwardly-slop
the upwardly-inclined raceway to permit the re
ing raceway to advance the zone of traverse of
moval‘ of the bobbins from their respective spin
the yarn lengthwise of the bobbin-cores and to
elevate the spindles during the travel of the 25 dles, and means for rotating the spindles during
the travel of their rollers on the downwardly
rollers along the upwardly-inclined raceway onto
sloping raceway and arrest their rotation during
the rest for dof?ng the bobbins from their respec
the travel of the rollers along the upwardly
tive spindles.
inclined raceway.
19. A bobbin-winding machine comprising a
circular track formed with a downwardly-sloping so - 21. In a winding machine, a plurality of wind
ing spindles, means for rotating the spindles to
raceway and an upwardly-inclined raceway, a
wind bobbins thereon, means for traveling the
rotary carrier, winding spindles mounted annu
spindles in a closed course, a raceway having
larly of the carrier for vertical sliding movement
inclined portions cooperating with the spindles
thereon and adapted to support bobbins, a rotary
during their travel to cause them to be shifted
cam within the track for traversing yarn-strands
axially, and means for traversing yarn on the
on the bobbins to an extent substantially less
spindles during their travel and axial shifting
than the length of the bobbins, means for ro
movement whereby to wind the yarn in conical
tating the carrier, spindlesv and traverse-cam,
layers progressing longitudinally of the bobbins.
and a roller connected to each spindle and
adapted to roll upon the track during rotation
WALTER V. JACOBSON.
of the carrier, said spindles being progressively
said spindles being progressively lowered axially
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