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Патент USA US2405311

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Aug= 6, 1946»
"
‘L. LIVAD\AS
‘
DEVICE FOR SLICING BUTTER OR THE LIKE
Filed March 15, 1944
25
E
23
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ME
2,405,311.
Patented Aug. 6, 1946
2,405,311
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
'
2,405,311
DEVICE non sLroINo BUTTER on THE LIKE
Louis vLivadas, Springfield, Ohio
Application March is, 1944, Serial No. 526,607
10 ‘claims. (01. 20-117)
1
2
This invention mates to food treating devices
and more particularly to’ a vdevice for slicing
and somewhat above the level of the correspond
ing bar It. At the opposite side, a similar ‘rod
22 is provided, in a corresponding location with
butter, cheese, or the like.
>
It is the principal object of the invention to
provide a cutter for quickly and easily cutting
or slicing butter,‘ cheese, or other material of
similar characteristics into uniform and ‘neat
slices or pats, the device being simple in con
struction and such that it may be easily kept ‘in
a clean and sanitary condition.
-
I
It is a further object to provide such a butter
slicer adapted for cutting 'a mass of butter simul
taneously into a large number of slices or pats,
and which may be readily adjusted to provide
for
ber cutting
of slicesthe
each
mass
of ainto
desired
a predetermined
thickness and sub
stantially uniform with all the other slices cut.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent
from the following description, the accompany
ing drawing, and the appended claims.
In the drawing-
‘
Fig. l is a plan view of a butter slicer con
respect to the adjacent bar I5. Each end of the
rod 22 however is supported in a block 23 which
is laterally adjustable in a slideway 24 formed ‘in
each ‘of the end flanges 12, its position being de
termined by set screws 25 secured in lugs '26
formed on the ?anges 12. It will thus ‘be'clear
10 that upon tightening screws 25, the carrier block
23 moves laterally outwardly, and thus the rod ‘22
is moved in the direction vaway from rod'2 I.
Means are provided to forma series of cutting
knives, this means being in the form of a rela
This wire is a single integral
piece the opposite ends of which are suitably
15 tively thin wire 21.
secured in place at opposite ends of the bars.
‘The wire is looped around the respective outside
rods '2! and '22, and is then passeddownwardly
and inwardly under the respective bars l6 and
IS, in‘ a vseries ‘of passes, progressing in a regular
manner from one end of the bars to the other.
At each passage under the- bars l5 and It the
structed in accordance with the presentinvention;
wire 21’ is threaded through the coils of the
Fig. '2 is a side elevational view of the same; and
Fig. 3 is an end elevational view looking toward 25 springs l1 and 18 at regular intervals such for
the righthand end of'Fi'g. 1.
_
example as passing under every other cell of the
springs. Thus in effect the cutting wire 21 is
Referring to the drawing which discloses a pre
threaded back and forth from one side of the
ferred embodiment of the invention, the device
frame to the other over the extent of the bars,
comprises a frame member which is ‘preferably
formed of two spaced side pieces H1, integrally 30 at each traverse being made to engage under the
coil of the respective spring to thereby determine
joined to end portions ‘l I, forming a continuous
and fix its spacing at a regular and ‘predetermined
closed frame member. ‘The end'portions 'l I over
amount. Since the position of the Wire is fixed
hang the remainder of the device and are con
by its engagement at each traverse ‘with the lower
veniently located for ‘grasping by the ‘operator.
At the ends of the side'p'ieces l0 there are pro 35 side of bars 15 and Hi, it will be seen that-all the
portions l9 which form the actual cutting knives
vided downwardly extending flanges i2 ‘which
may be integrally formed with the frame, and to
the lower parts of which ‘there are secured respec
are supported in a common horizontal plane.
It will be clear that upon the tightening of screws
25, and the consequent lateral shifting of rod 22
A pair of bars l5, it of circular cross section 40 with respect to rod 3|, the wire will be tightened
throughout its entire extent, and all the trans
are supported in the end pieces is in suitably
versely extending portions‘ is will assume a pre
spaced relation inwardly of and ‘below the level
determined tension suitable for the cutting op
of side pieces Ill. The bars extend generally par
eration and will thus constitute a set of approxi
allel to each other and longitudinally of the
frame, providing a ?rm and rugged construction 45 mately parallel, uniformly spaced, cutting wires
or elements.
,
for the device. Spiral springs H and .18 are
In order to provide for predetermining and
received over the respective bars 15 and i6, each
coil of the springs having a uniform spacing with
varying the number and the ‘thickness of the
slices which are cut, means are provided for con
respect to the other coils, With such spacings‘re
maini'n-g substantially uniform throughout the ex 50 trolling the expansion and contraction of- .the two
springs, This means comprises one or a pair of
tent of the expansion or contraction of the
clamps 30, 3|, at one or both ends of the frame
springs.
’
I
asshown. These clamps are engageableover the
At one side of each end flange 12, an open
rods l5 and It at the ends thereof adjacent end
notch 20' isformed within which there is received
tively the two oppositely facing end pieces l3‘.
the rod 21 which is thus located outwardly of 55 pieces 13‘ ‘and are slidable axially along the reds.
4
Their position may be ?xed by means of set’
parting from the scope of the invention which is
screws 32 so that upon loosening the set screws,
de?ned in the appended claims. _
the clamps may be brought closer toward or
moved farther away from each other, to thereby
effect a corresponding contraction or expansion
of the two springs. This operation will result in
a uniform deformation throughout the lengths of
the springs, with the result that the individual
What is claimed is:
1. A food slicer of the character described
which comprises a supporting frame, a pair of
longitudinally extending spring means supported
from said frame with the lower sides thereof ex
other, and in this way their spacing and the con
sequent thickness of the slice which they will cut,
will be regulated and predetermined resulting in a
spring means and engaging therewith at intervals
to determine the spacing thereof, said cutting
wires extending to the lower side of said spring
tending substantially into the plane of the bot
tom of said frame, means forming a plurality of
transversely extending cutting wires will be simi
larly contracted or expanded relative to each 10 cutting wires extending ' transversely of said
means to be effective for cutting purposes sub
correspondingly increased or decreased number
of slices from a mass of foodstuff of any given 15 stantially in the Plane of the bottom of said
frame, and means for causing the expansion and
size. The bars 15 and iii are located relatively
contraction of said spring means to vary the
close to the lower edges of end pieces l3 so that '
spacing of said cutting wires.
with a single downward movement of the device
2. ’A food slicer of the character described
over or upon the mass, the knives l9 will pene
trate substantially entirely through the same to 20 which comprises a supporting frame, a pair of
spaced coil springs extending longitudinally of
cut it through into the desired separate slices or
and supported by said frame with the lower sides
pats.
thereof extending substantially into the plane of
The device therefore is extremely simple in
the bottom of said frame, means forming a. plu
construction and operation, does not involve in
accessible parts or structure which is difficult to 25 rality of cutting wires extending transversely of
said frame and engaging the coils of said springs
maintain in a clean and sanitary condition. The
at regular intervals at the lower sides thereof to
entire device may be made of corrosion resisting
determine the spacing thereof, and means for ad
metal, and such that it can be washed as a unit
justing the tension of said plurality of cutting
without requiring disassembly. The tension on
the cutting wires is readily adjustable and may be 30 wiresto provide an adjustable tension consti
tuting said wires as a plurality of spaced cutting
loosened or relaxed when it is desired to reset the
members.
.
thickness of the slices, the adjusting screws 25
3. A food slicer of the character described
being merely backed off a short distance for this
which comprises a supporting frame providing
purpose and again tightened to re-establish the
desired tension after the adjustment of the 35 spaced end pieces, a pair of resilient means sup
ported from said end pieces and extending in
spacing has been completed.
spaced relation to each other longitudinally of
The device is directly applicable to the cutting
said frame, a single continuous wire extending
of butter, cheese, or the like, being adapted to
back and forth transversely of said resilient
receive butter in the form of the regularly shaped
masses Which are commonly ‘used in the mer 40 means and engaging said resilient means at reg
ular intervals to form a plurality of regularly
chandising of butter such as the pound‘ and
spaced cutting wires, and means for causing ex
quarter-pound pieces. For example the standard
pansion and contraction of said resilient means to
dimensions of a quarter pound piece of butter, as
vary the spacing of said wires while maintaining
customarily merchandised, are about 5" x l.’ ' x 1”.
a regular relationship thereof.
In the present case the space between bars I 5 and
4. A food slicer of the character described
i6 is slightly in excess of 1” so that the butter will
which comprises a supporting frame having
clear the bars and the springs thereon, as the de
spaced end pieces, a pair of bars extending in
vice is pressed down every the piece of butter. The
spaced relation between said end pieces, the lower
overall length of the bars 15 and i6 is about 71/4",
surfaces of said bars extending downwardly ap
with the wire so arranged as to form 26 trans
proximately as far as the bottom surface of said
verse cutting knives, thus providing for the cut
frame, springs encircling said bars,>and wires ex
ting of 27 pats of butter. The maximum thick
tending transversely of said bars and engaged in
ness is obtained when the spring is fully ex
the coils of said springs on the lower sides of said
panded, in the position shown in Fig. l, which Y’
bars to provide regularly spaced transverse cut
shows in dotted lines a representation of the
quarter pound piece of butter, indicating that it
is cut into about 16 pats. When the adjustable
clamp 30 is moved to fully compress the springs
and to bring the cutting knives into vtheir closest
approach to each other; they are all compressed
and substantially con?ned within the limit of
about 5", thereby providing for the cutting of
the same quarter pound of butter into about 27
pats. From the above description it will be clear
ting members movable through the food product
as said frame is pressed downwardly thereupon.
5. A food slicer of the character described
which comprises a supporting frame having
spaced end pieces, a pair of bars extending in
spaced relation between said end pieces adjacent
the lower edges thereof, springs encircling said
bars, wires extending transversely of said bars
and engaged in the coils of said springs on the
lower sides of said bars to provide regularly
spaced transverse cutting knives, and means for
desired, and likewise the top and bottom limits
adjusting the lengthof said springs on said bars
may be extended as desired, the speci?c dimen
to vary the spacing of said wires.
sions and proportions being for illustrative pur- ‘ _
6. A food slicer of the character described
that any intermediate adjustment can be made as
poses only.
'
‘ While the form of apparatus herein described
constitutes a preferred embodiment of the inven
tion, it is to be understood that the invention is
not limited to this precise form of apparatus, and
that changes may be made therein without de
70 which comprises a supporting frame, a pair of re
silient means supported in spaced relation from
and extending longitudinally of said frame, a
pair of rods extending parallel to said springs and
supported from said frame outwardly of said re
silient means, and means engaging said resilient
2,405,311
5
means at regular intervals and passing around
said rods at the opposite sides thereof forming a
plurality of spaced cutting members.
7. A food slicer of the character described
which comprises a supporting frame, a pair of coil
springs supported in spaced relation from and
extending longitudinally of said frame, a pair of
rods extending parallel to said springs and sup
ported from said frame outwardly of said springs,‘
'means engaging said springs at regular intervals
and passing under said rods at the opposite sides
thereof forming a plurality of spaced cutting wires
6
which comprises a supporting frame providing
end pieces spacedapart a distance greater than
the length of the piece of butter to be sliced, a
pair of bars supported in said end pieces and ex
tending longitudinally of said frame, a spiral
spring encircling each said bar, spaced rods lo
cated above and outwardly of said respective bars,
a single continuous wire looped around said out
wardly located rods and engaging at regular in
10 tervals in the coils of said springs on the lower
sides of said bars, and means for effecting com
pression of said springs to provide for uniform
located in a common horizontal plane, and means
change in the spacing of said transverse cutting
for adjusting one of said rods laterally of said
wires to con?ne all or'less than all of the cutting
frame to adjust the tension in said cutting wires. 15 Wires within the length of the piece of butter to
8. A food slicer of the character described
thereby vary the thickness of the slices.
which comprises a supporting frame, a pair of coil
10. A food slicer of the‘ character described
springs supported in spaced relation from and
which comprises a supporting frame providing
extending longitudinally of said frame, a pair of
spaced end pieces, a pair of bars supported in said
rods extending parallel to said springs and sup 20 end pieces in spaced relation to each other and
ported from said frame outwardly of said springs,
extending longitudinally of said frame, a spiral
means engaging said springs at regular intervals
spring arranged over each of said bars, clamp
and passing around said rods at the opposite sides
means common to and slidable over both said bars
thereof forming a plurality of spaced cutting
and engaging the ends of said springs, means for
Wires, means for adjusting a said rod laterally of 25 adjusting the position of said clamp to control
said frame to adjust the tension in said cutting
the expansion and contraction of said springs,
Wires, and means for effecting the contraction
and means forming a plurality of cutting wires
and expansion of said springs simultaneously to
extending transversely of said springs and en
effect increase or decrease in the spacing of both
gaging the coils thereof at regular intervals to
ends of all said cutting wires.
80 determine the spacing thereof.
9. A butter slicer of the character described
LOUIS LIVADAS.
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