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Патент USA US2405326

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Aug. 6,'
L. PLovTsKY
EARMUFFS
Filed March 13, 1944
2,405,326
Patented Aug. 6, 1946
2,405,326
UNlTED_ STATES PATIENT GFF ICE
2,405,326
EAR MUFF
Louis- Plotsky, Kansas City, Mo.
1
Application -March 13, 1944, SerialNo. 526,202
4 Claims; (Cl. 2_209)
2
This invention relates to wearing apparel and
particularly articles of manufacture in the nature
of ear muffs formed of fabric material and con
toured through the employment of uniquely-dis
posed andtinter-related parts, to the end that the
ear-receiving areas assume a concave-convex con
dition permitting quick application, immediate
and snug adjustment, and assurance that a nor
mal position will be maintained through the peri
0d of use.
One of- the important aims of this invention is
to provide ear muifs of the aforementioned char
acter, having in combination, unique reinforcing
elements associated with elastic securing sections
and servingv to maintain the contour of the ear
engaging areas tol insure a, snug ñtting'against
the head, both in front of and behind the ears.
A- further airn of this invention is to provide
5
and where they may be easily applied, are desir
able.
This invention, therefore, provides ear muffs
that not only present an answer to the problems
encountered in the art, but- makes provision for
the inexpensive construction of ear muffs from
fabric of any desirable color, texture or material'.
In the drawing, the numeral In designates an .
initially flat piece of fabric having a straight lon
gitudinal edge I2. and a longitudinal marginal
portion along the opposite longitudinal edge
formed to present two spaced apart arcuate
lengths. I4, the proximal endswhereof merge into
an intermediate stretch I6 that is relatively nar
row and has a concave edge I8A which snugly fits
beneath the chin when the article is completed
and worn.
After the initially flat piece of fabric l!) is out
ear muifs formed in an unique manner, from
from selected material, the tape 20 is applied
initially flat fabric through the employment of 20 along
the arched marginal» edge by stitching the
specially disposed reinforcingr tape to make -a
same to one side of piece IB. This stitching is
pair of concavo-convex areas that will conform
specially performed in that gathers22 are created
to the shape and contour of the wearer’s-ears
in the convex widest portion. .
to effectively seal them against blasts of air.
After tape 20 is applied, 'a lining of soft fabric
Other objects of the invention will appear dur 25 24 is superimposed upon piece i0 and stitched
ing the course of the following specification; re
thereto along the longitudinal and transverse
ferring to the -accompanying drawing- wherein:
marginal edges through the medium of binding
26. Binding tape 26 extends throughout the`
bodying this invention, showing the same in place
length of piece l0 and lining 24, and serves to
30
to protect the ears of the wearer.
Fig. l is a perspective view of ear muifs em
present a smooth edge, which incidentally, may
Fig. 2 is another perspective view of the‘ear
be established by serging as is now conventional
muffs from a different angle and illustrating'the
practice inthe construction of fabric garments
same entirely removed from the-operative posi
or the like.
tion.
Before the lining 24 is stitched to the piece lll
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary stretch-out plan view 35 it is gathered along the convexv widest portion in
of the body section of the earmuffs,y illustrating
thesame mannerv as-piece l0 to insure the forma
the manner in which- the par-ts are assembled;
tion of two- concavo-convex areas 23 that are
and
substantially diametrically opposed whenthe ear
Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
muifs are completed and that engage the ears
view through> one of the concavo-oonvex areas-of 40 of the wearer, as illustrated in Fig. 1.
.
the ear muifs, taken on line IV-IV of Fig; 2.
From» the above it will be clear that the length
It has heretofore been a problem of substan
of thev arched edge created by edges i4! and I8,
tial concern to produce ear muffs that will-snugly
is initially greater than the length of tape 20,
conform to the contour of the wearer’s head andV
for tape 20 is not gathered along the convex
yet completely shroud the ears> so that no blasts. 45 arcuateportion of the said edge, and therefore,
of air will pass beneath'the edges of the ear muifs.
when the article is applied to the head of the
Pre-formed, rigid or semi-rigid» ear containing
pockets in ear muffsr are objectionablebecause of
the vast range of different physical character
istics that are encountered, and thereforaa flex
ible, self-conforming area has’been found desir
able. Likewise, the use of rigid. or semi-solid
securing means for the ear muffs are objection
wearer, areas 28 become self-conforming as the
contour engaged requires;
An elastic section comprising two strips ofv
yieldable material 30 is established when. these
strips are stitchedto the ends of the body of the
car muffs comprising piece i0, tape 20, lining 24
and binding 26. The stitching, indicated- by
able for many reasons, and therefore, the use of
dotted lines-inFigs. land 2, thatfastensthe; ends
elastic bands disposed in a particular fashion 55 of one strip 30 to the ends of the body of the
2,405,326
3
4
curely hold the concave-convex areas 28 in a
place where the ears of the wearer are fully
covered.
The concave edge I8 lies below the chin and
concave-convex, relatively wide area integral
ters Patent is:
l. Ear muñs of the character described, corn
50 thereof, adjacent to the elastic section for re
ceiving the ears of the wearer, said areas each
ear muffs, passes through the liningr 24, into the
having a straight longitudinal edge and a convex
ends of tape 20 and thence through piece i0 for
longitudinal edge to create the relatively wide
the purpose of imparting a longitudinal pull
area, the convex edge being gathered to estab
thereupon that tends to straighten tape 20 and
thereby draw the same taut against the head of Cil lish the said concavo-convex contour, the mar
ginal portion of the body along the opposite edge
the wearer behind the ears. Similarly, the ends
of each area bein-g smooth whereby to establish
of the other strip 30 are stitched to tape 28 by
concave-convex areas progressively increasing in
stitching that passes through the entire body of
depth
as said convex edge o_f the area is ap
the ear inuifs, which tape 26 forms >the binding
proached, said fabric body having a tape along
for the straight longitudinal edge £2, and there
the arcuate edges of the areas to draw the gath
fore, this'binding 2B and its embraced marginal
ered portions thereof against the head of the
edges of piece >Il) and lining 24, are likewise drawn
wearer behind the ears, said tape having its ends
taut and snugly against the face of the wearer
stitched to the material forming the elastic sec
in front of the ears and below the chin.
tion of the body.
Strips 3B are slightly spaced apart at their
3. Ear muffs of the character described, com
points of connection with the fabric portion of
prising an annular fabric body having an elastic
the article and when in the normal worn posi
section therein for resting against the top of the
tion, these strips 30 are spread apart at the top
head; a chin-engaging portion substantially dia
of the head to not only insure the comfort of
metrically
opposite to the elastic section; and a
20
the wearer, but to preclude displacement and se
with the chin-engaging portion at each side
thereof, adjacent to the elastic section for re
ceiving the ears of the wearer, said areas each
against the throat without exerting undue pres 25 having a straight longitudinal edge and a convex
longitudinal edge to create the relatively wide
sure, and because of the snug fit at this point,
area, the convex edge being gathered to establish
areas 28 will assume a greater or lesser degree of
the said concavo-convex contour, the marginal
‘ curvature, as required by the shape of the ears.
portion of the body along the opposite edge of
In any event, the depth of the concavo-convex
each area being smooth whereby to establish con
30
areas progressively increases as the arched edge
cavo-convex areas progressively increasing in
I4 is approached from edge l2, all because of the
depth as said convex edge of the area is ap
unique manner in which piece IB is gathered at
preached, said elastic section comprising two
22 and the positioning of tape 20, with respect to
strips of elastic material in spaced apart relation
this gathered marginal edge and the elastic strip
and havin-g their ends stitched to the ends of the
30 to which it is stitched.
material forming the remaining portion of the
Ear muffs made in accordance with this inven
body, said fabric body having a tape along the
tion are attractive because of the simplicity and
convex edges of the areas to draw the gathered
ease of manufacture, the minimum amount of
portions thereof against the head of the wearer
material required, the speed with which the same
may be moved to and from the worn position, and 40 behind the ears, said tape having its ends stitched
respectively to the ends of one of the strips of
the possibility of using a wide range of fabric,
elastic material.
both with respect to material and color.
4. Ear muifs of the character described, com
Ear muffs having physical characteristics dif
prising
an annular fabric body having an elastic
ferent from those illustrated and described may
be made without departing from the spirit of the . section therein for resting against the top of the
head; a chin-engaging portion substantially dia
invention or scope of the appended claims.
metrically opposite to the elastic section; and a
Having thus described the invention, what is
concave-convex, relatively wide area integral
claimed as new and desired to be secured by Let
with the chin-engaging portion at each side
prising an annular fabric body having an elastic
section therein for resting against the top of the
head; a chin-engaging portion substantially dia
inetrically opposite to the elastic section; and a
concavo-convex, relatively wide area integral
with the chimengaging portion at each side
thereof, adjacent to the elastic section for receiv
ing the ears of the wearer, said areas each having
a straight longitudinal edge and a convex longi
ceiving the ears of the wearer, said areas each
having a straight longitudinal edge and a convex
longitudinal edge to create the relatively wide
area, the convex edge being gathered to establish
the said concavo-convex contour, the marginal
portion of the body along the opposite edge of
each area being smooth whereby to establish con
cavo-convex areas progressively increasing in
depth as said convex edge of the area is ap
said elastic section comprising two
tudinal edge to create the relatively wide area, 60 preached,
strips of elastic material in spaced apart relation
the convex edge being gathered to establish the
and having their ends stitched to the ends of the
said concavo-convex contour, the marginal por
material forming the remaining portion of the
' tion of the body along the opposite edge of each
body, said fabric body having a tape along the
area being smooth whereby to establish concavo
convex edges of the areas to draw the gathered
convex areas progressively increasing in depth as
portions thereof against the head of the wearer
said convex edge of the area is approached.
behind the ears, said tape having its ends stitched
2. Ear muffs of the character described, com
respectively to the ends of one of the strips of
prising an annular fabric body having an elastic
elastic material, the smooth, marginal portion of
section therein for resting against the top of the
the body having a binding stitched therealong
head; a chin-engaging portion substantially dia 70 to form a taut edge, the said binding having its
metrically opposite to the elastic section; and a
ends stitched respectively to the ends of the other
concavo-convex, relatively wide area integral
strip of elastic material.
with the chin-engaging portion at each side
LOUIS PLOTSKY.
thereof, adjacent to the elastic section for re
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