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Патент USA US2405331

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Aug. 6, 1946.
A. A. SANDERSON
V
‘ 2,405,331
STOCKING
'
‘Filed Jan. 8, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
I:
ECDC,DCJvCQ
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Patented Aug. 6, 1946
2,405,331
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,405,331 .
STOCKING
August A. Sanderson, Indianapolis, Ind., assignor
‘to Real Silk Hosiery Mills, Inc., Indianapolis,
'Ind., a corporation of Illinois
1
Application-January 8, 1945, Serial No. 571,755
5 Claims. (Cl. 66-187)
My invention relates to full-fashioned knit
stockings and more particularly to a unitary
stocking blank provided intermediately with a
widened heel-forming portion. It is the object
2
the leg and ,anklerforming portion 9 of the blank
is knit in any desired manner down to the course,
A-A where widening for the heel is to begin.
Beginning at course A—-A, a numberofstitches
of my invention to produce a stocking blank 5 at the ends of certain subsequently» knit courses
which can be knit completely on a single ?at
are transferred outwardly, and the travel of the
knitting machine and which when formed into
thread carriers is increased at a rate correspond
a- stocking will have a well-?tting heel of at
ing to the rate of transfer so as to produce a
tractive appearance.
I gradual widening of the blank. As is well known,
That portion of a stocking blank with which 10 the widening of a hosiery blank by the outward
my invention is primarily concerned lies between
transfer of stitches, even if each outward trans
the leg-forming and foot-forming blank-portions
fer is by only one needle, leaves in the fabric a
and comprises three contiguous zones de?ned by
small opening l0 adjacent each innermost trans
the edges of the blank and by spaced courses of
ferred stitch. The number of stitches transferred
knit stitches. The ?rst of these zones in the 15 in each transfer course following course A—A is
order of knitting is trapezoidal in shape and of
gradually increasing width toward the second
gradually increased, desirably at a rate such that
the openings W in the fabric will be disposed in
zone, the second zone is desirably of uniform
a line extending obliquely inward of the blank.
width; and the third zone is trapezoidal and of
If desired, the holes I0 may be closed in any
gradually decreasing width toward the foot-form 20 convenient manner, such, for example, as that
ing portion of the blank. The ?rst zone is char
set forth and described in U. S. Letters Patent
acterized by the inclusion of longitudinally dis
No. 2,330,683, granted September 28, 1943, on the
tributed transfer courses ineach of which a group
of‘ stitches, progressivelyv increasing in number
application of Arthur J. Cobert.
'
Knitting of the blank in the manner just de
throughout the ?rst zone, at each endof the 25 scribed is continued to the course B-B, or un
course are transferred outwardly of the blank.
til the heel-forming portion has attained its de
The second zone may also include similar groups
sired maximum width. Thereafter, although the
of outwardly transferred stitches; but, if so, the
outward transfer of stitches in marginal wales
number of stitches desirably decreases progres
may be and preferably is continued, conveniently
sively throughout the zone. The third zone is 30 at the same rate as that obtaining between the
characterized by its‘inclusion of transfer courses
courses A——A and B-B, the travel of the thread
in each of which a group of stitches at each end
carriers is not increased. VAs a result, beyond
of'the course are transferred inwardly. All the
courseB—B the width of the blank is maintainedv
aforesaid transferred stitches at each side of the
constant for the desired distance, or until course
blank are located within the limits of a marginal
C-—C is reached. Desirably, the number of mar
blank-portion reinforced by splicing yarn. Such
ginal wales in which stitches are transferred out
reinforced blank-portion begins in the leg-form
wardly between courses B-B- and C--C is grad
ing portion of the blank and its inner boundary
ually decreased so that the openings adjacent
extends obliquely inward of the blank throughout
each innermost transferred stitch and designated
the ?rst zone desirably in general parallelism 40 by the reference. numeral I! will occupy a line
with the line containing the innermost trans
extending obliquely outward of the blank.
ferred stitches in that ?rst zone.
Beyond course C—C the blank is gradually
The accompanying drawings illustrate my in
narrowed by the inward transfer of stitches in
vention: Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view illustrat
marginal wales, accompanied by progressively
ing a'portion of a stocking blank embodying my
reduced travel of the thread carriers, until the
invention; Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a stocking
point, indicated as course D—D, is reached where
formed from the blank of Fig. 1 in place on a
the blank has attained the width desired for th
foot; Figs‘. 3 and 4 are fragmental, idealized
foot~forming portion l2.
'
views on an enlarged scale illustrating marginal
The lines in Fig. 1 are intended toindicate
portions’ of the blank respectively adjacent the BL merely the direction in which the wales of the
junction of the ?rst and second zones and ad
blank run and are not to be taken as illus
jacent the junction of the second and third zones;
trating individual wales.
andvFig. 5 is a view on a reduced scale illus
dicate the spliced or reinforced marginal por
trating the complete blank.
In knitting, a, blank embodying my invention,
tion of the blank.
The heavy lines in
Such spliced portion begins
55 before course A-—.A is reached and may have any.
2,4o5,831
3
"1
"
4
number of generally vertical wales between
desired pattern down to that course. The spliced
courses A-A and 3-13 provides an increasing
portion at each side of the blank at course A-—A
circumferential elasticity as the instep line is
extends inwardly beyond the innermost stitch
approached; and the relatively large number of
of the first set of outwardly transferred stitches.
generally vertical wales at and below the lower
Desirably, the number of spliced wales at course
end of the line of openings ID add to the elas
A—A is only slightly greater than the number
ticity of the stocking longitudinally of the foot.
of wales in which stitches are to be transferred
These features all contribute to extending the
outwardly at course A-A, and the number of
range of foot-sizes and foot-shapes which a given
wales including the splicing yarn is increased at
a rate such as will maintain the inner edge of 10 stocking will ?t.
the spliced portion generally parallel to and
spaced inwardly from the line of openings I0.
I prefer that the gradually widened spliced por
tion attain its closest approach to the center-line
I claim as my invention:
1. A ?at-knit hosiery blank the stitches of
which are arranged in transverse courses and
generally longitudinal wales, said blank having
of the blank at or near the course B—B at which 15 a leg-forming portion, a foot-forming portion.
widening of the blank terminates.
'
and an intermediate portion, said intermediate
The conformation of the blank and hence the
portion being divided by longitudinally spaced
shape of the ?nished stocking can, without de
courses of stitches into a ?rst zone joining said
parting from my invention, be varied widely, as
leg-forming portion, a second zone joining the
by varying the distance between the courses 20 first zone, and a third zone joining the second
A-A, B—B, C-—C, and D-D, by varying the
zone and said foot-forming portion, said ?rst and
number of transferred stitches, and by varying
second zones including a plurality of transfer
the rate at which stitches are transferred. In
courses in each of which a group of stitches at
one procedure which I have followed to produce
each end of the course are transferred outwardly
a satisfactory stocking, 30 stitches are trans 25 to form obliquelyrextending wales, the number
ferred outwardly for one needle at each end of
of outwardly transferred stitches in transfer
course A-A. The transfer points which e?ected
the outward transfer are then moved inwardly
. for two needles in preparation‘ for the next out
courses of the ?rst and second zones progressively
increasing throughout the ?rst zone and pro
gressively decreasing throughout the second
ward transfer, which occurs in the fourth course 30 zone, said third zone including a plurality of
following course A--A_ This procedure is re
transfer courses in each of which a group of
peated at four-course intervals, accompanied by
stitches at each end of the course are transferred
increases in thread-carrier travel at the same
inwardly, the number of stitches in the courses
average rate, until twenty-eight outward trans
fers have been made. The last of such transfers
is made at course B—B, at. which point the width
of the blank has been increased by twenty-eight
of said intermediate blank-portion progressively
increasing in the ?rst zone, being constant in the
second zone, and decreasing in the third zone,
whereby the width of the blank will progressively
needles on each side and the number of outwardly
increase throughout the ?rst zone, remain con
transferred stitches at each side of the blank
stant throughout the second zone, and progres
40
has been increased from 30 to 58. After the knit
sively decrease throughout the third zone.
ting of course 3-3, the outward transfer of
2. A ?at-knit hosiery blank the stitches of
stitches at the sides of the, ‘blank is continued
which are arranged in transverse courses and
at the rate of one needle for every four courses,
generally longitudinal wales, said blank hav
but the travel of the thread carriers is not in
ing a leg-forming portion, a foot-forming por
creased and the transfer points are not moved 4. tion, and an intermediate portion, said inter
inwardly of the blank between transfers. Course
mediate portion being divided by longitudinally
C—C, marking the end of the second zone, is
spaced courses of stitches into a ?rst zone join
reached after fourteen transfers; and following
ing said leg-forming portion, a second zone join
the last such transfer, the transfer points are
ing the ?rst zone, and a third zone joining the
moved outwardly in preparation for the first of
second zone and said foot-forming portion, said
' the inward transfers which characterize the
?rst and second zones including a plurality of
knitting of the third zone. That third zone,
transfer courses in each of which a group of
lying between courses C-C and D-—D, embodies
stitches at each end of the course are transferred.
80 courses each fourth course of which is a trans
outwardly to form obliquely extending wales, the
fer course in which 20 stitches at each end of‘ ' number of outwardly transferred stitches in
the course are transferred inwardly by two
needles to effect narrowing in known manner.
It is to be understood that the above speci?c
example is illustrative only and that consider
able variation therefrom may occur without de
parting from my invention. The outward trans
fer of stitches in the second zone can be elimi
nated, or the second zone can be reduced to only
a few courses in longitudinal extent or elimi
nated altogether.
When a blank widened intermediate its length
as above described is seamed, the resulting stock
ing has the characteristics illustrated in Fig. 2.
transfer courses of the ?rst and second. zones
progressively increasing throughout the ?rst
zone, said third zone including a plurality of
transfer courses in each of which a group of
stitches at each end of the course are transferred
inwardly, the number of stitches in the courses of
said intermediate blank-portion progressively in
creasing in the ?rst zone, being constant in the
second zone, and decreasing in the third zone,
whereby the width of the blank will progressively
increase throughout the ?rst zone, remain con
stant throughout the second zone, and progres
sively decrease throughout the third zone.
3. The invention set forth in claim 2 with’the
addition that the marginal portions of the blank
are reinforced with splicing yarn, each reinforced
number from course A—A to course B—B, and
marginal portion beginning in the leg-forming
the line of openings in curves downwardly and
portion of the blank and continuing through said
forwardly parallel to the adjacent edge of the
spliced portion._ The progressive increase in the 75 intermediate portion into the foot-forming por
The course B—-B is located at or near the instep
line. In the spliced portion of the stocking the
generally vertical wales progressively increase in
5
2,405,331
6
tion and being of progressively increasing width
throughout said first zone, the outwardly trans
ferred stitches at each side of the blank lying out
erally oblique line extending inwardly of the
blank and toward the second zone.
5. The invention set forth in claim 2 with the
addition that in the ?rst zone the innermost out
wardly of the inner boundary of the reinforced
portion.
4. The invention set forth in claim 1 with the
addition that in the ?rst zone the innermost out
wardly transferred stitches in successive trans
fer courses at each side of the blank lie in a gen
6
wardly transferred stitches in successive transfer
courses at each side of the blank lie in a generally
oblique line extending inwardly of the blank and
toward the second zone.
AUGUST A. SANDERSON.
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