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Патент USA US2405358

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Aug. _6, 1946.
‘
w, D, JOHNSON
.
2,405,358
METAL WAGON BODY
y Filed June'S, 1945
2 Sheetg-Sheet 1
Aug» 5» 1945-1-
.
w. D. JOHNSON
`
«
2,405,358
_ ' METAL; WAGON BODY
4
vFiled June e. 1945
¿sheets-sheet 2
Patented Aug. 6,` 1946
2,405,358
UNI TED STATES PATENT o Fr l c E
‘
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2,405,358
v
ÍWAGON BQDY'
WilliamD. Johnson, Chicago, lll.
lApplication»June A6, 1945, Serial No. 597,788
7 claims. (o1. 29e-_15)
V.This invention relates .to `metal wagon bodies
and 4its principal object is '.to :provide ra metal
wagon ~lbody composedof sheets and strips of
light gauge sheet metal, secured together in. such
aßmannerzas .to provide anextremely stronglsub- ~
stantial, yet .comparatively light body„;the mem
bers of which can be readily .assembled 'andise
2
shaped plates i6, also provided with horizontal
flanges .for supporting .the floor.
`
The floor may ycomprise asingle sheet of l1ght
’ gauge metal, bent up at the sidef'edges to form
upright U bends il of which the webs I3 extend
down to the sills it and are formed with hori
zontally extending ñanges 2i] ‘that rest upon'the
sills and-are bolted thereto by -bolts and nuts i9,
.Another ¿object is to :provide 1a .truss >like Iñoor,
thereby placing the entire floor under tension.
capable of sustaining heavyloads, `together with -10 Reinforcement strips 2i, may :be Yinterposed be
upright ,gussets or braces .for ,bracing :the side
tween the sills iii >»and extend `underneath 'the
walls of the rbo'dy.
.
channel shaped members -'IVI andthe -iianges u:2li
Another object is to provides. floor,- held under
and resten the holsters, (notshown) which-strips
tension, whereby :the Vsame .may be .kept from
are bent upward at their ends tojprovide :upright
sagging .under the weight of the load.
.15 members 22, that are disposed ¿outwardly -of -the
cured together.
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f
»
Another .object is .to provide a novel connec
tion between theñoor and th'egside walls, where
U bends I7.
A
~ Between the depending portions t8 andl up
by a truss like effect is obtained.
right members 22 of the reinforcement stripsare
With these and .other .objects and advantages
the sheet metal side walls '£3 ofthe body ’which
in view, .this invention consists .in the several 20 rise above the U bends and extend down to the
novel features of construction, ¿arrangement and
upper edges of the cross sills where they »are ibent
combination of parts Yhereinafter `Afully set .forth
upward as at 2% to `form U bends that .act 'to
and more particularly .defined in the appended
stiiienthe wagon body.
claims.
The side walls 23 are -bolted to ‘the upright
The invention .is vclearly illustrated in 'the-draw-~ f bends -i-'i of the vfloor and “to the uprightm‘embers
ings vaccornpanying `this specification.,in which v:
22 of the reinforcement strips 2r! .by bolts 'and
' î-Fig. .l is a plan of vafmetal wagon body, embody
nuts 25, Iand the sidewalls are also bolted tothe
inga :simple form of the present invention;
ïiîig..2 .is La side elevation thereof with a lpart
broken out;
'
Fig. 3 is an end elevation 'of the body;
Fig. 4 is a vertical cross lsection taken on the
lined-_4 of Fig. -2;
Fig» 5 'is a detail fragmental cross section 'taken
on the line 5-'5 of Fig. 2, and
iFig. 6-is a detail horizontal section taken on the
line 6-'6 of Fig. 2.
Referring to said drawings which are-merely
illustrative of one embodiment 'of the invention,
the reference character lo designates cross sills,
which'may `loe made of Wood or metal channels.
angle plates i6 and upright members ïl8 4and’ilz
by bolts and nutsk 26.
'
rIlhe side walls 23 of the body fextend'vertically
for a portion cf their height, and then Yare bent
as at 2B vto slope outwardly as `at 29,1and at 2i
they are bent «to stand lupright as ¿at 30. Atîtheir
upper edge portions, the sidewalls ‘are .'bent'out»
ward horizontally to provide ñanges 3|., the 'edge
portions of `which are bent ldownward as at 32 -
and connected to thelside Wallsby obliquely slant
ing ylongitudinally extending strips 33, spot welded
or otherwise secured to the flanges 32 and vto the
tending, channel shaped, sills Il. Desirably angle
side walls, thereby providing tubular rails that
reinforce and sti?fen the top4 edgesof the side
walls.
The ends of the body are closed by end’walls 34
shaped brackets I2 are spot welded Vto the .sides
which conform to the contour of the cross »sec
>B‘olted to the 'cross sills are .longitudinally ex
tion of the body and extend upward Vfrom the
floor to the top edges of the side Walls. >The
through the >horizontal flanges .ofthe brackets
lower edge portions of the end walls may be
and through'the cross sills l0, and have nuts on
flanged inwardly vas at 35 and bolted to the floor
the lower ends that .bear against the underside
of the longitudinal sills. The longitudinal sills 50 by ‘bolts and nuts 35, or otherwise secured to the
floor as desired. The upper edges of the end walls
are formed with outwardly directed longitudinal
are hanged inwardly as at 3l and thenbent
flanges .I4 at their upper edges which are -spot
downwardly
as at 38 to provide rails at the top
welded to the .sheet metal floor `vl5 as will be
of the end walls for reinforcing and »stiifening
presently explained.
the same. The rear end wall may be provided
vAdjacent«the .ends of thecross :sills are angle 55 with
ïarien‘dV gate (not shown) as is‘customary.V
ofthe longitudinal sills Il, vand bolts I3 extend
2,405,358
3
4
minating in upright portions formed with tubular
rails along their upper edges.
For reinforcing and stiffening the side walls,
vertical metal braces or gussets 39 are provided on
the outer sides of the side walls. The inner edges
of the braces or gussets conform to the contour of
the side walls and are welded thereto. The outer
3. In a metal wagon body, the combination of
a plurality vof cross sills, a plurality of channel
shaped longitudinally extending metal sills rest
ing on said cross sills and bolted thereto, a sheet
metal floor resting upon and welded to said chan
edges of the braces or gussets slope outwardly
from the ends of the cross sills for a considerable
portion of their height and from a point approx
nel shaped longitudinal sills, each side edge por
tion of said floor sheet being bent up vertically
into inverted U shape with one of the webs of
the `U bend extending down to the cross sills and
bent thereat into an inwardly extending ñange
imately opposite the bends 21 of the side walls,
the outer edges of the braces or gussets extend
upright to the tubular rails at the upper edges
of the side walls.
The cuter edge portions of the braces or gus
sets are bent at right angles to the main webs of
bolted to the cross sills, metal side walls bolted
to said U bends of the floor sheet and extending
the braces or gussets to provide flanges 4D, and 15 upright therefrom for a portion of their height
and then sloping upward and terminating in up
the edge portions of the flanges are bent at right
right portions formed with tubular rails along
angles thereto to provide websor ribs lllA that4
their upper edges, the lower edge portions of the
extend parallel with the main webs of the braces.
side walls projecting below the ñoor to the cross
The lower edge portions of the main webs of the
braces may be bent into horizontal flanges 42 that 20 sills and bent upward thereat to provide U shaped
portions bolted to the U bends of the floor sheet.
are bolted to the cross sills by bolts and nuts 43.
4. Iny a metal wagon body, the combination of
The construction just described provides very
a plurality of cross sills, a plurality of channel
substantial and rigid braces or gussets reinforced
shaped longitudinally extending metal sills rest
and stiffened at their outer edges.
Similar braces or gussets 44 are applied at the 25 ing on said cross sills and bolted thereto, a sheet
metal floor resting upon and welded to said
front and rear corners of the body and are welded
channel shaped longitudinal sills, each side edge
thereto as well as to the side walls, thereby pro
portion of said floor sheet being bent up vertical
ìiâi’r‘ìiing very substantial reinforced corners for the
ly into inverted U shape with one of the webs of
y»
' As a. preference the corners of the body are 30 the U bend extending down to the cross sills
and bent thereat into an inwardly extending
reinforced and the side walls and end walls are
flange bolted to the cross sills, metal strips ex
tied together by upright angle irons 45 welded
tending between the cross sills and having up
to the end walls and connected to the side walls
right end members disposed on the outer sides of
by bolts and nuts 46.
When the bolts I3 and I9 are tightened up, the 35 the U bends of- the floor, and side walls in
terposed between said U bends and said upright
members of the reinforcement strips and bolted
_ entire floor is placed under tension and the chan
nel shaped sills Il and angle bars I6 together
with the door sheets I5 provide a trussed floor
capable of carrying heavier loads than the or
dinary wagon floors.
_
thereto.
.
5. In a metal wagon body, the combination of
40 a plurality of cross sills, a plurality of channel
shaped longitudinally extending metal sills rest
- Having thus described my invention, it is ob
ing on said cross sills and bolted thereto, -a sheet
vious that various immaterial modifications may
be made in the same without departing from the
spirit of my invention; hence, I do not wish
to be understood as limting myself to the exact
metal floor resting upon and welded to said
channel shaped longitudinal sills, each side edge
portion of said floor sheet being bent up ver
tically into inverted U shape with one of the webs
form, construction, arrangement and combina
of the U bend extending down to the cross sills
tion of the parts herein shown and described or
and bent thereat into an inwardly extending
uses mentioned.
flange bolted to the cross sills, metal side walls
What I claim as new and desire to secure by
50 bolted to said U bends of the ñoor sheet and ex
Letters Patent is:
tending upright therefrom for a portion of their
1. In a metal wagon body, the combination of
height and then sloping upward and outward
a plurality of cross sills, a plurality of channel
and terminating in upright portions formed
with tubular rails along their upper edges, and
shaped longitudinally extending metal sills rest
ing on said cross sills and bolted thereto, a sheet
metal floor resting upon and welded
to said "
channel shaped longitudinal sills, each side edge
portion of said floor sheet being bent vertically
up into inverted U shape with one of the webs of
each U bend extending down to the cross sills
and bent thereat into an inwardly extending
flange bolted to the cross sills.
2. In a metal wagon body, the combination
of- a plurality of cross sills, a plurality of channel
' shaped longitudinally extending metal sills rest
ing on said cross sills and bolted thereto, a sheet
metal floor resting upon and welded to said
metal gussets disposed on the outer sides of the -
side walls and having inner edges-conforming to
the contour of said side walls and welded there
to, said gussets extending from the cross sills to
the rails of the side walls with their outer edge
portions bent at right angles to the main webs of
the gussets to form flanges, the edge portions of
which are bent parallel with said main web por
tions of the gussets.
6. In a metal wagon body, the combination of
a plurality’of cross sills, a plurality of channel
shaped longitudinally extending metal sills rest
channel shaped longitudinal sills, each side edge
ing on said cross sills and bolted thereto, a sheet
portion of said floor sheet being bent up ver
tically into inverted U shape with one of the
webs of the U bend extending down to the cross
sills and bent thereat into an inwardly extend
ing flange bolted to the cross sills, metal side
walls bolted to said U bends of the floor sheet
and extending upright therefrom for a portion
metal door resting upon and welded to said chan
nel shaped longitudinal sills, each side edge por
tion of said floor sheet being bent up vertically
into inverted U shape with one of the webs of
the U bend extending down to the cross sills `and
vof their height and then sloping upward and ter
bent thereat Vinto an inwardly extending flange
bolted to the cross sills, metal side walls bolted
75 to said U bends of the floor sheet and extend
5
2,405,358
ing upright therefrom for a portion of their
height and then sloping upward and outward
and terminating in upright portions formed
with tubular rails along their upper edges, and
metal gussets disposed on the outer sides of the
side Walls and having inner edges conforming
to the contour of said side walls and welded
thereto, said gussets extending from the cross
sills to the rails of the side walls with their
outer edge portions bent at right angles to the
main webs of the gussets to form ñanges, the
edge portions of which are bent parallel with
said main _web portions of the gussets, sheet metal
ends walls of substantially the same contour as
6
the cross section of the body, and similar gussets
Welded to the side and end walls at the corners.
7. In a, metal wagon body, the combination of
cross sills, longitudinally extending flanged
metal channel shaped „longitudinal sills resting
upon said cross sills and bolted thereto, a metal
ñoor sheet resting uponîand welded to said lon
gitudinal sills, said sheet being bent up at its
side edges to form inverted U shaped upright
portions, one leg of each U bent portion extend
ing down below the floor' sheet and being ñanged
at its lower edge with the flange resting upon
’ and bolted to the cross sills.
WILLIAM D. JOHNSON.
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