Патент USA US2405492код для вставки
Aug. 6, 1946. J. P. COREE-r1' ` 2,405,492 BASEBALL BASE Filed oct. 2o, 1944 /9 3) ‘6 7' ivi: . /Q INVENTOR . Jay/V ,Q 5625577 l BY ~ .. ÄrrqeA/¿Y Patented Aug. 6, 1946 2,405,492 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,405,492 ‘BASEBALL BASE John P. Corbett, Van Nuys, Calif. Application October 20, 1944, Serial No. 559,605 2 Claims. l This invention relates to amusement devices and games, and more particularly to an improve ment in bases of the type used in the game of baseball. . An object of my invention is to provide a base suitable for use as a station marker in baseball and other games and so constructed as to offer advantages of superiority in respect of economy, appearance and safety as compared with more conventional bases of the same general type. A more detailed object of the present invention is to Áprovide a baseball base which, instead of being in the form of a cushion stuffed with pad (Cl. 273-25) 2. portion of the ground upon which it rests to show the manner of its being secured in operative position. Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view, the plane of section being indicated by the line 3-3 of Figure 2, and the direction of view by the ar rows. - The-bases now conventionally used as station markers in the game of baseball are construct ed according to quite exacting specifications in respect of shape, size, and weight, and even more particularly in respect of the exact location of the base with relation to the base lines of the ding material and having a fabric cover, com baseball diamond. However, in order to minimize prises a body portion of rigid material, preferably 15 danger of injury to players, it _has been cus metal, and covered with a layer of cushioning tomary to make the bases in the form of cush material, preferably permanently attached to the ions, i. an envelope filled with suitable stuff rigid foundation portion and over which a cover ing or »padding material, with the result that it of suitable fabric is stretched and removably has been quite diñicult and deiinitely expensive anchored so as to permit expeditious and eco nomical replacement of the cover when damaged to such an extent as to make its repair imprac tical. 20 to construct the bases in such a manner that they would hold their shape within reasonable limits and thus make it possible to comply with the rules of professional baseball. Moreover, the rules of professional baseball require that the Another object is to provide means for anchor ing the base with great accuracy in the position 25 bases be covered with a light-colored material with respect to the base lines of a baseball dia such as white canvas or duck, and that it be kept mond required by the rules, and with such se» in a clean condition to enhance the visibility of curity as to eliminate all danger of its becoming the bases. However, owing to the hard usage to dislodged from that position during the course which .the bases are subjected by being stepped of a game. 30 upon frequently by both the base runners and A still further object is to provide anchoring the iielders, not only is it quite diñicult to keep means for a baseball base as described which are the bases clean, but their covers are frequently releasable so that the base can be removed be torn by the players’ spiked or cleated shoes. In tween games and stored in a safe place and there deed, it is quite the usual thing for the outer by facilitate servicing of the grounds. The invention possesses other objects and val uable features, some of which, with those enu merated, will be set forth in the following de scription of the preferred embodiment of my in 35 cover of a base to become so soiled, torn, or other wise damaged as to unñt the base for further use and to require replacement while the more expensive portion of the base, i. e., the body or cushion portion, is still in quite satisfactory con vention illustrated inthe drawing accompanying 40 dition. and forming a part of the specification. It is to In terms of bread inclusion, the present in be understood that I do not limit myself to the vention contemplates the provision of a base for showing made by said drawing and description use in baseball and/or similar games, the outer but that I may adopt variations of the preferred cover of which is removable, thereby permitting form within the scope of my invention as defined 45 facile laundering or repair of the `cover and by the claims. economical replacement of the cover when the Referring to the drawing: necessity arises, and Ithus avoiding the expense Figure 1 is a perspective View showing a base of discarding the body of the base only because ball base incorporating the principles of the pres its cover has become damaged or soiled. In or ent invention installed in proper operative posi 50 der to increase the ability of the base to hold-its tion with respect to the base lines of a baseball, shape and size within exact limits as compared diamond as required by contemporary profes with more conventionally constructed bases, the sional rules. base of the present invention is formed upon a Figure 2 is a ver-tical sectional view taken suitable body portion of rigid material, such as through the base of Figure 1 and the adjacent 55 metal, while an adequate degree of resilience is 2,405,492 3 tion with a layer of cushioning material, all of which is enclosed within the removable cover. Means are .provided for anchoring the base ex actly in predetermined position upon the play ing ground so as -to prevent its becoming dis lodged as by being kicked out of position, and the anchoring means are readily releasable so as to permit the bases to be collected at the end of cushioning material is enclosed Within a cover the game and stored in a suitable safe place and 3| of suitable fabric, preferably duck or canvas. This cover 3l is fashioned to provide a top por tion 32 and side Walls 33 depending therefrom, the side walls 33 being attached to each other thereby facilitate proper servicing of the grounds. Specifically describing the base of my present invention in its preferred embodiment, the figures illustrate the base as comprising a body portion ' at their ends so as to provide an enclosed en 6 in the form of a hollow, inverted shell 1 com posed of suitable rigid material such as alumi ' num. In order to impart sufiicient rigidity to the shell 1, it is preferred that instead of being made of sheet material, the metal of which the shell 1 is composed be cast, this method of manufac 20 ture being particularly desirable in the present instance because it facilitates its being formed with a post 8 integral therewith and extending vertically downwards from preferably the central portion of the under side of the shell 1. This post 8 is of noncircular cross-sectional configu ration, preferably square, and is adapted to be comprises a hollow column l2 of suitable length, the boreof which is adapted to receive the post 8 therein, the fit between the two preferably be velope for the body portion and cushioning mate rial of the base, devoid of exposed edges in which a player’s spikes or cleats otherwise might become entangled. Each of the side portions 33 of the cover 3l is considerably wider than the side walls 21 which they are intended to cover, thus leav ing a portion 3G of excess width adapted to extend around the lower edge of the associated side walls and upwards within the hollow in terior of the shell 1 beyond the groove 28. A snap ring 36 of suitable resilient material presses these portions 3l of the cover into the groove 28, thus ñrrnly and yet releasably anchoring the removably received within a socket El firmly and preferably permanently embedded Within the ground H, the surface of which constitutes the playing ñeld upon which the baseball diamond is delineated. In its preferable form the socket 9 4 26 and upon the outer surfaces of the side walls 21 is a layer 29 of resilient cushioning material, preferably sponge rubber of sufficient thickness and having a suiiîciently soft texture to insure that the final, completed base will be amply soft and resilient to oifer the necessary degree of protection to players, even though the body portion 6 of the base is of rigid construction. rl‘he entire outer surface of the layer 29 and imparted to the base by covering the body por cover 3! in position upon the base. 30 In order to cause the base to have an exterior appearance closely resembling that of bases more conventionally constructed, I prefer that the top portion 32 of the cover be quilted as by lines of stitching 31. I claim: l. In a baseball base, a substantially rigid shell comprising a top and side walls extending down wards from the edges thereof,‘releasable means the base line i3 of the diamond and yet permit for anchoring said shell accurately in predeter facile removal of the base by pulling the post 8 upward out ofthe upper end of the column I2. 40 mined position, a layer of cushioning material superimposed on said shell, a fabric cover dis The lower end of the column l2 preferably is posed upon said layer of cushioning material secured to a suitable foundation lß which may and extending downward around the lower edges be in the form of one or more horizontal beams of said side Walls, and releasable means contained i5 buried at sufficient depth below the surface within the hollow interior of said shell for fasten of the ground H to impart extreme rigidity to ing said cover upon said shell. the entire socket structure. A flange l1 extend 2. A baseball base comprising a rigid hollow ing horizontally outwards from the upper end of body portion, a layer of cushioning material on the column i2 facilitates the mounting of a ing suiiiciently nice to assure retention of the base in predetermined position with respect to said body portion, a cover fitted over said body hinge i8 whereby a cover I9 for the upper end of the column I2 can be pivotally secured in such 50 portion and said cushioning material, the edges of said cover extending downward past the sides position that when the base is in operating posi of said body portion, around their lower edges tion as illustrated in. Figure 2, the cover i9 may and upward into the interior of said body por be swung upward and yet be completely con tion, releasable means securing said edges of said cealed within the hollow interior of the shell 1. After removal of the base, however, the cover i9 55 cover to the interior of saidbody portion, and means for anchoring said base in operative posi canV be swung downward to provide an effective tion comprising a socket of noncircular cross sec closure for the otherwise open upper end of the tion embedded in predetermined position in the column l2' to exclude dirt, water, and the like. ground, means associated with said socket for The shell 1 comprises a top portion 2S substan tially square in plan and slightly domed, as clear 60 rigidly reinforcing said socket against displace ment from its predetermined position whereby ly Ashown in Figure 2, so that the final assembled the substantial exactitude of the location of said base has'a definite cushion shape, as clearly base is preserved, and a post complementary in shown in Figure 1. Side walls 21 extend down cross section to said socket rigid with said body wards from each edge of the top 26: and pref erably each side wall 21 is provided with a groove 65 portion extending downward from the under side thereof and removably receivable within said 28 in its inner surface spaced upwards slightly from the lower edge of the wall. JOHN P. CORBETT. vsuperimposed upon the upper surface of the top socket. ' '