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Патент USA US2405493

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Aug. 6, 1946.
J, DEAN
‘
2,405,493
Filed Nov. 2, 1943
4/27/71]
Z7551]
.
'
2,405,493
Patented Aug. 6, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,405,493
RADIO RANGE ORIENTATOR
John Dean, Harrisonburg, Va.
Application November 2, 1943, Serial No. 508,752
3 Claims.
(01. 33-1)
1
2
This invention relates to a radio range orienta
tor, having for its general object to assist a pilot
?ying by instruments, to locate a range station
within whose ?eld of range he may be ?ying, and
determine any speci?c course with respect to said
range station.
thereto. In ?ying this course, approach to the
beam is indicated by the faint audibility of the
opposite code signal, which in this example would
be the letter N from the adjacent quadrant, and
when the beam is reached the two code signals
merge into the monotone hum. It is at present
the general practice for a pilot to overrun the
It is well understood by those skilled in the art
beam when making a perpendicular approach
that four beams radiate from a range station, di
thereto. He then flies beyond the beam for ap
viding the range ?eld into quadrants which may
have equal angular amplitudes of 90°, or may 10 proximately one minute in order to give himself
time to complete a 180° turn before again inter
have different angular amplitudes. The station
secting the beam. Upon again intersecting the
broadcasts a station identification signal audible
beam he subtracts 25% from the original turn of
over all four quadrants, a code signal audible only
180°, which would give him a 135° turn, He then
in two opposite quadrants, and a complementary
code signal audible only in the other two opposite 15 holds his new heading until he hears his off
course signal, at which time he again subtracts
quadrants. Thus, the code signal in one pair of
25% from the preceding turn, which would be a
opposite quadrants may be dot, dash, the Morse
turn of approximately 100°. He then continues
for A, while in the other pair the signal might
to turn, reducing each turn by 25% until he has
be dash, dot, the Morse for N. On the beam, the
dashes of each signal blanket the dots and a con 20 thus bracketed the beam down to the magnetic
heading required to hold the on-course signal.
tinuous monotone signal is audible.
The mental calculations required in computing
Maps are published showing each range sta
these several headings imposes a taxing strain
tion with the location of the beams radiating
upon the pilot, who is fully engrossed with the
therefrom, the identi?cation signal of the station
and the code signals for the respective pairs of 25 ?ying of his plane.
The device of the present invention provides a
opposite quadrants.
simple means for mechanically computing the
When a pilot is ?ying anywhere Within the
headings essential for locating the position or
range ?eld of a station on any course but not
the plane and putting it on the beam, and for
knowing his position, he is able to identify the
mechanically computing the headings of the
station by the broadcast identi?cation signal and
plane for‘ the turns involved in bracketing the
he is then in a position to have recourse to a map
beam.
of this particular station. If he is ?ying off the
Other objects of the invention than those spe
beam he hears one code signal, for instance. the
ci?cally described are within the purview of the
letter A. He notes from this that he is in one of
. invention.
two opposite quadrants depicted on his map, but
In the drawing which accompanies and forms a
he does not know which one. He can tell from
part of the following speci?cation, and through
his map the headings of the beams, and from this
out the several ?gures of which the same char
data he computes the headings of the common bi_
acters of reference have been employed to desig
sector of the quadrants in one of which he knows
nate identical parts:
he is ?ying, if they are true opposite angles, or in
Figure 1 is a plan view of an orientator em
the event that the bisectors of these quadrants
bodying the principles of the invention;
are not in a straight line he must compute the
Figure 2 is a diagrammatical section taken
heading of an average bisector. Having done this
along the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
he then sets his course to ?y parallel to the com
Referring now in detail to the several ?gures,
puted bisector, If in ?ying this course the code 4:3
signal fades, he knows that he is ?ying away from
the station. If the signal builds, he knows he is
?ying toward the station. Thus, he is able to
identify the particular quadrant in which he is
?ying.
the reference character a represents a disk of any
suitable material such as plastic, having an outer
circumferential scale b graduated in the conven
tional manner from 0° to 360°. The cardinal and
A other points may be indicated by the 'usual desig
hating letters, as shown.
Adjacent the outer scale I) is a circumferential
scale 0, similarly graduated but displaced. 180°
with respect to the scale I), so that it shows re
Now, in order to get on either of the two beams
which bound his quadrant, in the shortest time,
he must fly a course perpendicular to the selected
beam. Knowing from his map the heading of
this beam, he can compute a course perpendicular 55 ciprocal heading graduations in radial juxta
2,405,493
3
4
position to the heading graduations on the scale 12.
same straight line. However, they are so nearly
in alignment that he can select the heading of
Four arms 12, e, f and g are independently piv
otally mounted on the disk a concentrically to the
either, or an average heading, as the datum for
his quadrant identifying flight.
scales b and 0. These represent the four beams
Assuming that he heard the code N signal, and
of a radio range, and are adjustable to any head
Cl
therefore knows that he is in either of the N
ing on the scales b or c. In use, the beam arms
quadrants, and that he selects average of the
cl, e, f and g are set to correspond to the beam
heading of bisects-r N, Figure l, and the recip
headings derived from the published map of any
rocal heading of bisector L, which is half the
particular range station.
For precision in setting, each beam arm may 10 sum of 71/2" and 25°, or ill/4°. l-Ie ?ies on this
be provided with a radial linear index it, i, and a
heading, ll 1/4)’ east of north, and ?nds that the
signals weaken. He knows from this that he is
window y‘, overrunning the scales, by means of
which heading graduations directly beneath the
in the upper quadrant in Figure 1. Had the sig
nals built, he would have known himself to be
Since pairs of opposite quadrants of the range 15 in the lower quadrant. Had he down on the re
arms are unobscured.
ciprccal average heading, as shown on the ori
entator, he would still have known .by the build
in the tones of each ?ll the silence inter—
of the signals that he was in the upper quad
vals of the other when they equally interfere,
rant.
Assuming that he is off the beam when he
providing a continuous tone, it is proposed to 20
identi?es his quadrant, for example, in the po~
mark the opposite sides of the beam arm with
the letters A and N and their respective code
sition shown by the arrow as, in Figure 1, unless
symbols, arranged as shown, so that similar code
he is close enough to one of the beams to hear
, symbols are in apposition with respect to oppo
the opposite faint background signal from the
site sides of a quadrant,
in use the beam arms 25 adjacent quadrant on the other side of the beam,
should be so set up with respect to the heading
he has no knowledge as to which beam is closer
scales that the quadants designated as A and N
to his position, so he has the blind option of fly
will coincide with corresponding A and N duad
ing toward either of the beams which bound his
quadrant. He glances at the perpendiculars scale
rants on the map.
under the heading of the righthand. beam, upper
Intermediate the beam arms 0!, e, f
o, b H.
?gure, since the beam is clockwise with respect
sector arms k, Z, 112 and n are provided pointing 'o
to his position, and finds the heading graduation
the heading scales 2) and 0, independently pi‘.
105°. He puts his plane on this heading and flies
otally mounted concentric to said scales and so
a course perpendicular to the rivhthand beam;
mechanically interconnected. to adjacent beam
are distinguished by code letters, such as a and n,
having opposite code symbols . a... and _.. . where
arms as to maintain a halfway position between 35 or he may decide on the lefthand beam. He
glances at the perpendiculars scale under the
said beam arms throughout all variations of the
quadrant angle embraced between said beam
heading of the lefthand beam, lower ?gure, since
the beam is counterclockwise of his position, and
finds the heading graduation 240°. He puts his
In the illustrated embodiment of the inven~
tion, the bisector arms are longitudinally slotted 40 plane on this heading, which brings him perpen
dicular to the beam.
as at 0 and links p in pairs, are commonly inter~
He knows his close approach to the beam by
connected at one end by pivots q, which ,lay in
the looming of the on~course background signal,
said slots and which at their other ends are piv
and he knows when he is at the beam by the
oted on a common axis 1' to the beam arms at
opposite sides of the bisector arms.
ther me 45. composition of opposite signals into a continuous
monotone hum.
chanical connections between the bisector and
While I have in the above description disclosed
beam arms which maintain the bisector arms in
what I believe to be preferred and practical
mid position with respect to the quadrant angles
embodiment of the invention, it will be under
are equivalent Within the purview of the inven
50 stood to those skilled in the art that the details
tion.
of construction and the arrangement of parts as
The disk at is provided adjacent the scales is
shown and described are by way of example, and
and c with additional circumferential scales s
not to be construed as limiting the scope of the
and t concentric thereto and showing, in radial
invention as del led in the appended claims.
juxtaposition to the beam headings, the perpen~
What I claim as my invention is:
dicular headings in directions toward said beam 55
1. Radio beam orientator comprising a disk
from either side of the beam. -*rbitrarily, the
outer of the perpendicular heading scales shows
having a circumferential scale of compass head
the headings of courses perpendicular to the
ings thereon, and plurality of beam heading in
dicating arms pivotally mounted on said disk
beams in a clockwise direction, while the inner
arms.
of said scales shows the headings of perpendicular 60 concentric to said scale, independently movable
courses toward the beams in a counter-clockwise
direction.
One of the uses of this orientator is exempli?ed
cating arms intermediate said beam heading in
as follows:
ri‘he pilot flying by instruments hears the iden
ti?cation signal of a range station and also a
quadrant code signal from this station. He re
fers to his map of this station and sets the beam
arms of his orientator to correspond to the beam
headings of the map. When he does this, the
bisector arms automatically maintain a midposi
tic-n in the respective angles of the quadrants.
In this particular example, as illustrated in Fig
ure
Therefore,
1, the opposite
quadrantsbisec'tors
are not will
all not
angles
be of
in
and adapted to be set with reference to said scale
to correspond to beam headings of a range sta
tion, derived from a map, bisector heading indi—
the
65 dicating arms, independently pivoted concentric
to said scale and movable in juxtaposition there
to, and means so interconnecting said bisector
heading indicating arms to adjacent beam head
ing indicating arms as to maintain the bisect
ing relation of said bisector heading indicating
arms with respect to the angles between said beam
heading indicating arms.
2; Radio beam crientator comprising a disk
having a ?rst circumferential scale of compass
headings thereon and a second concentric cir
2,405,493
5
6
cumferential scale of compass headings, the sec
ond scale being arranged with the compass head
ings of courses in both directions perpendicular
to a heading of the ?rst scale, in radial alignment
with said heading, a plurality of beam heading in
dicating arms pivotally mounted on said disk con
of courses in both directions perpendicular to a
heading of the ?rst scale, in radial alignment
with said heading, a plurality of beam heading
indicating arms pivotally mounted on said disk
concentric to said scale, independently movable
and adapted to be set with reference to said ?rst
scale to correspond to beam headings of a range
station, derived from a map, bisector heading in
dicating arms intermediate said beam heading in
centric to said scale, independently movable and
adapted to be set with reference to said ?rst scale
to correspond to beam headings of a range sta
tion, derived from a map, bisector heading ind‘ 10 dicating arms independently pivoted concentric
to said scales and movable in juxtaposition there
cating arms intermediate said beam heading in
to, said bisector heading indicating arms each be
dicating arms independently pivoted concentric
ing longitudinally slotted, and links of equal
to said scales and movable in juxtaposition there
length in pairs, one pair for each bisector heading
to, and means so interconnecting said bisector
heading indicator arms to adjacent beam head 15 indicating arm, commonly pivoted at one end to a
pivot which is movable longitudinally in the slot
ing indicating arms as to maintain the bisecting
in said bisector heading indicator arm and pivoted
relation of said bisector heading indicating arms
at their opposite ends to adjacent beam heading
with respect to the angles between said beam
indicating arms, whereby said bisector heading
heading indicating arms.
3. Radio beam orientator comprising a disk 20 indicating arms maintain their bisecting relation
with respect to the angles between said beam
having a ?rst circumferential scale of compass
heading indicating arms.
headings thereon and a second concentric cir
JOHN DEAN.
cumferential scale of compass headings, the sec
ond scale being arranged with compass headings
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